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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942342

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the safety, efficacy, and economy of the four Chinese patent medicines (CPMs), including Simotang oral liquid, Liuwei Anxiao capsule, Baohe pill, and Jianwei Xiaoshi oral liquid in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD) by a rapid health technology assessment (RHTA), thus providing evidence support for clinical decision making. MethodChina National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang Database, VIP Chinese Technology Periodical Database (VIP), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc), PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched by computer from inception to March 2022. After literature screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation, the descriptive analysis of the results combined with visual charts was performed. Nineteen studies were included, involving 18 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 1 Meta-analysis. Neither economic studies nor health technology assessment (HTA) reports were retrieved. ResultThe four CPMs were safe and effective in the treatment of FD, but economic research was lacking. Among them, Simotang oral liquid could be used for children with FD and FD caused by qi and food stagnation, liver and spleen disharmony, and liver and spleen stagnation. Liuwei Anxiao capsule could be used for adult patients with FD caused by food stagnation. Baohe pill could be used for the elderly with FD. Jianwei Xiaoshi oral liquid could be used for children with FD caused by spleen and stomach weakness. ConclusionThe four CPMs have their advantages in the treatment of FD. Among them, the clinical universality of Simotang oral liquid is higher. However, the quality of clinical evidence is generally low, and comparative analysis among drug dosage forms is lacking. In the future, it is necessary to improve, apply, and promote RHTA for rapid evidence production while carrying out a more standardized and scientific evidence-based demonstration of the comprehensive clinical efficacy of CPMs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940056

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish microbial limit test methods for 44 pediatric drugs. MethodsAccording to the general guidelines in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 and 2020 edition, volume Ⅳ),a suitability test of the methods for 44 drugs was carried out by pour-plate method, neutralization method or dilution method. ResultsTotal aerobic microbial count: chemical oral liquid samples can be tested by 1∶10 plate method;traditional Chinese medicine need to be neutralized firstly. Then oral liquids could be tested by 1∶10 plate method and 1∶100 plate method was used for granules. Total count of molds and yeasts: all the samples can be tested by the 1∶10 plate method. The recoveries of five test strains were between 0.5 and 2.0. The specified microorganisms were all detected in the test group, while not found in the negative control group. ConclusionThe microbial limit test methods for the 44 pediatric drugs are established and the results are reliable and can be used in the quality control.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928653

ABSTRACT

To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Qingfei oral liquid in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Seventy-two male SD rats were divided into control group, model group, pirofenidone group and Qingfei group with 18 animals in each group. The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis was induced in last three groups by intratracheal injection of bleomycin; pirofenidone group was given oral administration of pirofenidone b.i.d for 21 d, and Qingfei group was given Qingfei oral liquid 3.6 mL/kg q.d for Lung tissues were obtained for HE staining, Masson staining and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β immunohistochemical staining. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) were detected in tissue homogenates. The BATMAN-TCM database was used to retrieve the chemical components and their corresponding targets of Qingfei oral solution by network pharmacology method, and then the component-target-disease network diagram was constructed. Finally, the pathway enrichment analysis was carried out to explore the molecular mechanism of Qingfei oral liquid against idiopathic fibrosis. Histopathology results showed that Qingfei oral liquid had a similar relieving effect on pulmonary fibrosis as the positive drug pirfenidone; TGF-β secretion had a significant reduction in lung tissues of Qingfei group; and Qingfei oral liquid had better regulatory effect on SOD, MDA and GSH than pirfenidone. The results of component-target-disease network and pathway enrichment analysis showed that the related molecular pathways were concentrated in inflammation, extracellular matrix and cytokines. Qingfei oral liquid has a good therapeutic effect on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in rats via regulation of inflammation, extracellular matrix and cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bleomycin/pharmacology , Cytokines , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glutathione , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Inflammation , Lung/pathology , Male , Network Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928086

ABSTRACT

The high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) characteristic chromatogram of Xiaoer Ganmaoning Oral Liquid(oral liquid for short) was established. The medicinal materials corresponding to characteristic peaks, their index components and ranges of similarity with the reference chromatograms were clarified. The similarity between the characteristic chromatograms of 10 batches of the oral liquid and the reference chromatogram was higher than 0.994. Eighteen characteristic peaks were identified, which were derived from different medicinal materials including Scutellariae Radix, Arctii Fructus, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Gardeniae Fructus and Forsythiae Fructus. Further, 11 characteristic peaks were assigned by the comparison with reference substances as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, scutellarin, forsythiaside A and arctiin. Also, the characteristic chromatogram of precipitate in the oral liquid was established, and the similarity between characteristic chromatograms of 10 batches of the precipitate and the reference chromatogram was higher than 0.940. The 14 characteristic peaks originating from the precipitate and those from the oral liquid were consistent in retention time, and the content of all index components in the precipitate was lower than 5% of that in the oral liquid. Moreover, the stability of precipitate during the accelerated stability test was explored with filtration and Matlab-based image sensory evaluation. The precipitate mass and precipitation degree both increased over the stability test duration significantly. The stability of the oral liquid was used as a model system in this study to establish the integrated quality control system which related to medicinal materials, preparations and precipitate with HPLC characteristic chromatograms and image sensory evaluation, which lays a foundation for the exploration of the quantity value transfer of the oral liquid.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control , Scutellaria baicalensis/chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927966

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the pharmacoeconomic value of Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid in the treatment of viral myocarditis(Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome) by supplementing Qi, nourishing the heart, calming the mind, and relieving palpitation, the present study performed the Meta-analysis based on the published papers on Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid by AMSTAR and carried out pharmacoeconomic evaluation using TreeAge Pro by the cost-effectiveness analysis. The results showed that the quality of the included papers was good. After four weeks of treatment, Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid combined with the conventional treatment regimen was superior to the conventional treatment in improving creatine kinase isoenzyme, and the difference was statistically significant. Furthermore, the treatment cost was also higher than that of conventional treatment, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of CNY 95.89, accounting for 0.30% of per capita disposable income. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the research results were robust. Therefore, based on the assumption that the per capita disposable income in 2020 was the threshold of patients' willingness to pay, it is more economical for patients with viral myocarditis to use Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid combined with conventional secondary prevention regimen than conventio-nal secondary prevention regimen alone. The economic evaluation of Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid in the treatment of viral myocarditis will help physicians and patients choose optimal treatment options, improve rational clinical medication, and provide references for the efficient allocation and utilization of medical resources in China.


Subject(s)
Cost-Benefit Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Economics, Pharmaceutical , Humans , Myocarditis/drug therapy , Qi , Yin Deficiency/drug therapy
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 836-841, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923190

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the neuroprotective effects of Shenzao jianna o oral liquid (SZJN)on Alzheimer ’s disease (AD)model mice and its mechanism. METHODS The mice were randomly divided into sham operation group ,model group , Donepezil hydrochloride tablet group (0.65 mg/kg),SZJN low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.3,1.5 and 7.5 g/kg, calculated by crude drug quantity ),with 12 mice in each group ,half male and half female. Each group was given relevant medicine(intragastric administration of water at constant volume in sham operation group and model group ),twice a day ,for consecutive 28 d. On the 15th day of administration ,intracerebroventricular injection of β-amyloid 1-42(Aβ1-42)combined with intraperitoneal injection of scopolamine hydrobromide were used to induce AD model. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory ability of mice. HE staining and Nissl staining were used to evaluate the pathological changes of brain tissue in mice. The levels of MDA and SOD in brain tissue of mice were detected. The phosphorylation level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB) and expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampal tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS Compared with sham operation group ,the escape latency of the model group was significantly prolonged ,and the number of crossing the platform and the percentage of residence time in the target quadrant were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The level of SOD in brain tissue ,the phosphorylation level of CREB and the expression level of BDNF in hippocampus decreased significantly (P<0.01),while the level of MDA increased significantly (P< 0.01). In hippocampal CA 1 area and cortical tissue ,nerve cells showed significantly decreased number ,the disordered arrangement and large gap ;the shape of nucleus was irregular and deeply stained ,and Nissl body was blurred ,loosely arranged and the number decreased. Compared with model group ,the escape latency of mice in each dose group of SZJN was significantly shortened ,and the times of crossing the platform and the percentage of residence time in the target quadrant were significantly jing- increased(P<0.01). Above indexes of brain tissue in mice were reversed sig nificantly in SZJN high-dose group (P<0.01),and pathological damage of brain tiss ue was improved. CONCLUSIONS SZJN can significantly improve the learning and memory ability of AD model mice ,and alleviate the pathological injury and oxidative stress of brain tissue ,which may be related to the activation of CREB/BDNF signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923031

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of the contents of 7 components of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein, and wogonin in Piqin oral liquid. Methods A double-wavelength HPLC method was performed. The column was Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was 0.02% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) gradient elution; Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Column temperature: 35℃; Injection volume: 20 μl; Detection wavelength: 0-18.0 min, 325 nm (detect chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid); 18.0-65.0 min, 280 nm (detect paeoniflorin, baicalin, baicalein, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, wogonin). Results The chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein and wogonin were completely separated. Seven components have a good linear relationship between the peak area and concentration, with the recoveries between 96.41% and 99.70%. Conclusion This method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for the quality control of Piqin oral liquid.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 453-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922914

ABSTRACT

Based on near infrared spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography, this paper established the regression relationship between near infrared spectroscopy and index component content of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid, so as to realize the rapid detection of index component content based on near infrared spectroscopy. Magnolol, honokiol and hesperidin were used as the quality indexes of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid. After using the first derivative and normalization pretreatment method, characteristic variables were screened by CARS, and the correction model was finally established by partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method. The method accuracy was evaluated with the external validation, and the prediction results were tested for significance. The results indicated that when the near infrared spectrum was scanned through the bottle, the model's correlation coefficients of prediction (Rp) were higher than 0.99, the root mean square errors of the prediction models (RMSEP) were all less than 0.008 4, and the relative standard errors of prediction set (RSEP) were all less than 2.83%. There was no significant difference in the predicted results between these two kinds of model. The models established in the non-destructive way have good performance and high prediction accuracy. The rapid and nondestructive way has application value in the quality control of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid.

9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19175, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374572

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this work was to develop an oral solution of captopril at 5 mg/mL preservative-free. Two formulations were prepared, one containing sweetener (formulation 1) and the other without this excipient (formulation 2). The results found of validation parameters from analytical method performed by HPLC for captopril were, linearity 0.9998, the limit of detection 15.71 µg/mL, the limit of quantification 47.60 µg/mL, repeatability 1.05%, intermediate precision 2.42%, accuracy intraday 101,53%, accuracy inter-day 99.85%. Moreover, the results found for captopril disulfide were, linearity 0.9999, limit of detection 0.65 µg/mL, limit of quantification 1.96 µg/mL, repeatability 2.28%, intermediate precision 1.51%, accuracy intraday 101.36%, accuracy inter-day 100.29%. The appearance of formulations was clear and colorless, pH measures were 3.12 and 3.04, dosage of captopril and captopril disulfide were 99.45% and 99.82%, 0.24% and 0.12% for formulation 1 and formulation 2, respectively. The stability study demonstrated that the concentration of captopril and captopril disulfide in the formulations was > 90% and below 3%, respectively. The in vivo palatability study in animals and humans showed that Formulation 1 containing the sweetener had better acceptance. Thus, the sweetener was able to improve the unpleasant taste of the formulation.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 816-822, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876525

ABSTRACT

This study integrates metabolomics and network pharmacology techniques to systematically analyze the possible mechanism of Pudilan Xiaoyan oral liquid (PDL) in the treatment of acute respiratory infections. GC-MS metabolomics analysis found 8 endogenous metabolites, 3-phosphoglycerate, α-aminoadipate, D-ribulose-5-phosphate, β-mannosylglyceric acid, D-fructose, urea, D-maltose and ornithine in the serum of mice with acute respiratory infection induced by LPS; these substances can be used as biomarkers for PDL use in the treatment of acute respiratory infections. Biological network studies revealed 10 potential targets for intervention by PDL in the glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathways, including GPI, G6PD, H6PD, PFKM, TALDO1, TKT, GAPDH, HK1, PKLR and TPI1. All animal experiments were carried out with approval of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. Our findings indicate that the strategy of combining metabolomics and network analysis can provide information on the possible mechanism of PDL in acute respiratory infections, and reveal that PDL may ameliorate the pathological process of acute respiratory infections by regulating disordered metabolic pathways.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873588

ABSTRACT

@#Liquid preparations are the commonly used oral dosage forms in pediatric clinical practice.This review introduces the pediatric oral liquid dosage forms including extemporaneous preparation of oral liquid formulations, oral liquid sustained and controlled release formulations, nanosuspensions, nanoemulsions, self-nanoemulsions and milk-based liquid formulations.In addition, the efficient flavoring and taste masking technologies, using safe pharmaceutical excipients, high-demanding technical standards and verification strategies, establishing excellent workflow management systems can contribute to the development and application of pediatric oral liquid dosage forms which are safer, more effective and better compliant.This review is helpful in laying the relevant theoretical foundation for further studies on pediatric oral liquid dosage forms.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862491

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the quality control of Dilong Shenmai oral liquid. Methods TLC was used for the qualitative identification of Astragali Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus in Dilong Shenmai oral liquid. HPLC was used to determine the contents of schisandrin and ethylparaben in the preparation. Wondasil C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) was used with acetonitrile-water as the mobile phase at the flow rate of 1.0 ml/min for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, and column temperature was 30 ℃. Results TLC spots were clear and well-separated without negative interference. The linear ranges of schisandrin and ethylparaben were 5.81−58.06 μg/ml (r=0.999 9) and 25.29−252.94 μg/ml (r=0.999 9). The average recoveries were 99.35% (RSD=1.02%) and 99.72% (RSD=0.76%). Conclusion This method is simple, quick and accurate. It can be used for effective quality control of Dilong Shenmai oral liquid.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904758

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the manufacture process for Zhibai Anshen oral liquid. Methods The orthogonal designed experiments were conducted to monitor the effects of three factors on the content of mangiferin. The three factors included the amount of water, extraction time and alcohol precipitation concentration. Six month accelerated stability study and twelve month long term stability study were performed. Results Optimum percolation process was boiling the mixture with 10 times of water for 1 hour, followed by deposition with 60% alcohol. Conclusion This optimized process can be used for mass production.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921712

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antitussive, expectorant, and anti-asthmatic effects of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid in mouse experiments and explore its action mechanism based on network pharmacology. The mouse auricle swelling was induced by xylene for detecting the anti-inflammatory effect of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid, whose antitussive effect was then examined in mice with cough after exposure to ammonium hydroxide. The expectorant effect was determined based on the excretion of phenol red into the mouse trachea. The mouse model of asthma induced by histamine phosphate and acetylcholine chloride was used to observe the anti-asthmatic effect. The chemical components of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid were retrieved from TCMSP and literature, followed by target prediction based on BATMAN-TCM. The targets of inflammation, cough, expectoration, and asthma collected from GeneCards were intersected with drug targets for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis using Metascape. The results were imported into STRING for exploring protein-protein interactions and screening the key targets. As demonstrated by our findings, Qinbaohong Oral Liquid at 4.5 and 9.0 mL·kg~(-1) obviously decreased the weight(P<0.05) and thickness(P<0.01) of the right swelling ear and also the weight diffe-rence(swelling degree) between the two ears(P<0.05), prolonged the incubation period of cough(P<0.05), reduced the frequency of cough within 3 min(P<0.05), and increased the excretion of phenol red into the mouse trachea(P<0.01). Qinbaohong Oral Li-quid at 2.3, 4.5, and 9.0 mL·kg~(-1) dramatically prolonged the incubation period of asthma(P<0.05). A total of 324 chemical components and 1 245 targets were harvested for the Qinbaohong Oral Liquid, together with 10 272 inflammation targets, 4 400 cough targets, 192 expectoration targets, and 7 533 asthma targets. Their intersection revealed that the anti-inflammatory, antitussive, expectorant and anti-asthmatic effects of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid were correlated with such GO biological processes as the regulation of ion transport and blood circulation and such KEGG pathways as cancer-related signaling pathways and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. Qinbaohong Oral Liquid has been confirmed by both experiments and network pharmacology analysis to be efficient in anti-inflammation, stopping cough, eliminating phlegm, and relieving asthma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antitussive Agents/therapeutic use , Asthma/drug therapy , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Mice , Network Pharmacology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888036

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Stroke
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879191

ABSTRACT

Antiviral Oral Liquid is modified on the basis of Baihu Decoction in Treatise on Febrility Diseases by ZHANG Zhongjing and Qingwen Baidu Yin in Qing Dynasty, with effects in clearing toxic heat, repelling dampness and cooling blood. It is widely used in clinical treatment of common colds, influenza and upper respiratory tract infection, mumps, viral conjunctivitis and hand-foot-mouth disease, with a good clinical efficacy and safety. Based on a questionnaire survey of clinicians and a systematic review of study literatures on Antiviral Oral Liquid, the international clinical practice guidelines development method was adopted to analyze the optimal available evidences and expert experiences in the "evidence-based, consensus-based and experience-based" principles. The consensus was jointly reached by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts nationwide, including clinical experts of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the field of respiratory diseases and infectious diseases, and methodological experts. In the study, literatures were retrieved based on clinical problems in the clinical survey as well as PICO clinical problems. The GRADE system was used for the classification and evaluation of evidence, and fully combined with clinical expert experience, so as to reach expert consensus by the nominal grouping method. This expert consensus recommended or suggested indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, intervention time for treatment, and the safety and precautions of Antiviral Oral Liquid for treatment of influenza, and can provide reference for the rational use of this drug in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Consensus , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 704-717, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922499

ABSTRACT

We conducted a randomized, open-label, parallel-controlled, multicenter trial on the use of Shuanghuanglian (SHL), a traditional Chinese patent medicine, in treating cases of COVID-19. A total of 176 patients received SHL by three doses (56 in low dose, 61 in middle dose, and 59 in high dose) in addition to standard care. The control group was composed of 59 patients who received standard therapy alone. Treatment with SHL was not associated with a difference from standard care in the time to disease recovery. Patients with 14-day SHL treatment had significantly higher rate in negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 in nucleic acid swab tests than the patients from the control group (93.4% vs. 73.9%, P = 0.006). Analysis of chest computed tomography images showed that treatment with high-dose SHL significantly promoted absorption of inflammatory focus of pneumonia, which was evaluated by density reduction of inflammatory focus from baseline, at day 7 (mean difference (95% CI), -46.39 (-86.83 to -5.94) HU; P = 0.025) and day 14 (mean difference (95% CI), -74.21 (-133.35 to -15.08) HU; P = 0.014). No serious adverse events occurred in the SHL groups. This study illustrated that SHL in combination with standard care was safe and partially effective for the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of ischemic myocardial cells apoptosis in rats following intervention with Xuefu Zhuyu Oral Liquid (, XFZY), as well as changes of protein expression of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and SIRT1 pathway-related genes.@*METHODS@#H9c2 rat myocardial cells were divided into 6 groups: control group, oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) group, SIRT1 siRNA group, OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group, OGD+XFZY group, and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA+XFZY group. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the concentration variations of SIRT1 and its pathway-related genes and corresponding protein expression after XFZY intervention and SIRT1 transfection.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 were decreased obviously, while the mRNA and protein levels of P53, FoxO1, FoxO3, FoxO4 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-ΚB) were increased in the OGD group, SIRT1 siRNA group, and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group (P<0.01). Compared with the OGD group and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group, the treatment of XFZY inhibited the decline in SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressions (P<0.01), and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of P53, FoxO1, FoxO3, FoxO4 and NF-ΚB, respectively (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#XFZY could prevent myocardial cells apoptosis probably by increasing the mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 and inhibiting the mRNA and protein expressions of P53, NF- K B, FoxO1, FoxO3 and FoxO4.

19.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 273-280, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842005

ABSTRACT

Objective: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal interstitial lung disease with high mortality. The pivotal role of Th1/Th2 immunological balance in the development and progression of IPF has been demonstrated previously. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Jinbei Oral Liquid (JBOL) on IPF and its relationship with Th1/Th2 shift. Methods: Rats were divided into six groups: control group, model group (bleomycin), pirfenidone group (positive group, 54 mg/kg, i.g.) and JBOL (5.4, 10.8 and 21.6 mL/kg, i.g.) groups. The rat model was established by an intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (BLM, 5 mg/kg). One day after injection of BLM, pirfenidone or JBOL was given to rats once daily within 28 consecutive days, respectively. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) was performed on the treated rats. The extent of alveolitis and fibrosis was observed by H&E and Masson trichrome staining. The contents of TGF-β1, TNF-α, IL-4 and IFN-γ were further quantified by ELISA assay. Results: PET/CT and histopathological evidence showed the ability of JBOL to attenuate bleomycin-induced alveolitis and fibrosis extent, and the alveolitis lesion score was markedly decreased compared with the model group. The increased expression of inflammatory cytokines TGF-β1 and TNF-α induced by bleomycin was also suppressed by JBOL. The Th1 response was limited by the reduced IFN-γ after BLM administration, and the Th2 response predominated significantly marked by the increased IL-4. JBOL could increase the level of IFN-γ and markedly increased the ratio of IFN-γ/IL-4. Conclusion: These findings suggested that JBOL may attenuate BLM-induced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis via reducing inflammatory cell infiltration, pro-inflammatory cytokine release and excessive collagen deposition in rats. One of the mechanisms is the reversion of Th1/Th2 shift caused by BLM.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the main chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of Sanajon oral liquid, so as to provide basis for establishing its quality standard and precipitation control technology. Method:UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE was used to analyze the chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of this oral liquid. The analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution (A) and acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 2%B; 1-2 min, 2%-5%B; 2-4 min, 5%-7%B; 4-6 min, 7%-24%B; 6-10 min, 24%-42%B; 10-12 min, 42%-54%B; 12-15 min, 54%-76%B; 15-18 min, 76%-100%B), the flow rate was set to 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃, the injection volume was 2 µL. The mass spectrographic analysis was used with electrospray ionization (ESI), sample MS data was acquired by time-dependent MSE in negative ion mode, the collection range was m/z 50-1 200 (supernatant) and m/z 50-3 000 (precipitate). Then the chemical constituents were identified by the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular mass and secondary mass spectrum fragment. Result:Totally 61 compounds were identified in the supernatant, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, amino acids, organic acids, fatty acids, etc. Totally 15 compounds were identified in the precipitate, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, fatty acids, etc. Conclusion:The hydrolyzed tannin of Sanajon oral liquid may be the potential material basis of its precipitate, and its precipitate is likely to be a complex precipitate mainly composed of ellagic acid and tanned red. The established UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE can quickly and comprehensively analyze the chemical composition of Sanajon oral liquid, which can provide a scientific basis for the researches of its material basis, precipitation mechanism and quality control.

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