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1.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 16(2): 228-236, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384665

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease. The mechanism of oxidative stress in AD is due to amyloid beta (Aβ) protein that aggregates to form plaques, which further triggers chronic inflammation and neuronal apoptosis. Purple sweet potato extract with the main content of anthocyanins is a potential antioxidant with a direct target on the amyloid cascade hypothesis. Objective: The research objective was to determine the role of purple sweet potato water extract as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory in preventing apoptosis in order to provide a neuroprotective effect in d-galactose-induced rats. Methods: A total of 100 male Wistar rats with randomized posttest-only control group design that met the eligibility criteria were included in this study. The treatment group was given 200 mg/kg BW/day of purple sweet potato water extract on days 1-70. d-galactose induction was administered in the treatment and control groups on days 15-70. Results: The independent t-test showed that the mean tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in the treatment group (735.36±139.74) was significantly lower than that in the control group (896.77±152.52). The p53 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressions of astrocyte cells in the treatment group were significantly lower than that in the control group. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in the treatment group (498.13±121.47) were higher than that in the control (391.93±140.28), and there was a significant increase in spatial working memory in the treatment group (72.01±10.22) than the control (59.77±11.87). Conclusions: The neuroprotective effect of purple sweet potato extract is due to d-galactose induction resulting from decrease in TNF-α levels, p53 expression, and GFAP expression and increase in BDNF levels and spatial working memory.


RESUMO. A doença de Alzheimer (DA) é uma doença neurodegenerativa. O mecanismo de estresse oxidativo na DA ocorre devido à proteína beta amilóide que se agrega para formar placas que desencadeiam inflamação crônica e apoptose neuronal. O extrato de batata-doce roxa composto principalmente por antocianinas é um potencial antioxidante com efeito direto sobre a hipótese da cascata amilóide. Objetivo: O objetivo da pesquisa foi determinar o papel do extrato aquoso de batata-doce roxa como antioxidante e anti-inflamatório na prevenção da apoptose, para proporcionar um efeito neuroprotetor em ratos induzidos por D-galactose. Métodos: Grupo controle randomizado pós-teste com 100 ratos Wistar machos que preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade. O grupo de tratamento recebeu 200mg/kg de peso corporal/dia de extrato aquoso de batata-doce roxa nos dias 1-70. A indução de D-galactose foi testada nos grupos de tratamento e controle nos dias 15-70. Resultados: O teste t independente mostrou que a média dos níveis de TNF-α no grupo de tratamento (735,36±139,74) foi significativamente menor do que no grupo controle (896,77±152,52). A expressão de p53 e a expressão de GFAP de células de astrócitos foram significativamente menores no grupo de tratamento do que no grupo controle. Os níveis de BDNF no grupo de tratamento (498,13±121,47) foram maiores que no grupo controle (391,93±140,28) e houve um aumento significativo da memória de trabalho espacial no grupo de tratamento (72,01±10,22) em relação ao controle (59,77±11,87). Conclusões: O efeito neuroprotetor do extrato de batata-doce roxa é devido à indução de D-galactose pela diminuição dos níveis de TNF-α, expressão de p53 e expressão de GFAP, aumentando assim os níveis de BDNF e memória espacial.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929052

ABSTRACT

It has been revealed that hypoxia is dynamic in hypertrophic scars; therefore, we considered that it may have different effects on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and p53 expression. Herein, we aimed to confirm the presence of a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is correlated with scar formation and regression. Thus, we obtained samples of normal skin and hypertrophic scars to identify the differences in HIF-1α and autophagy using immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, we used moderate hypoxia in vitro to simulate the proliferative scar, and silenced HIF-1α or p53 gene expression or triggered overexpression to investigate the changes of HIF-1α and p53 expression, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell proliferation under this condition. HIF-1α, p53, and autophagy-related proteins were assayed using western blotting and immunofluorescence, whereas apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry analysis, and cell proliferation was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) staining. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation was performed to verify the binding of HIF-1α and p53 to transcription cofactor p300. Our results demonstrated that, in scar tissue, HIF-1α expression increased in parallel with autophagosome formation. Under hypoxia, HIF-1α expression and autophagy were upregulated, whereas p53 expression and apoptosis were downregulated in vitro. HIF-1α knockdown downregulated autophagy, proliferation, and p300-bound HIF-1α, and upregulated p53 expression, apoptosis, and p300-bound p53. Meanwhile, p53 knockdown induced the opposite effects and enhanced HIF-1α, whereas p53 overexpression resulted in the same effects and reduced HIF-1α. Our results suggest a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is linked with scar hyperplasia and regression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927927

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the molecular mechanism of Ganoderma against gastric cancer based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and cell experiment. The active components and targets of Ganoderma were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and gastric cancer-related targets from GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM). The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the common targets was constructed with STRING, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of the common genes based on Bioconductor and R language. The medicinal-disease-component-target network and medicinal-disease-component-target-pathway network were established by Cytoscape. Molecular docking was performed between β-sitosterol(the key component in Ganoderma) and the top 15 targets in the PPI network. Cell experiment was performed to verify the findings. A total of 14 active components and 28 targets of Ganoderma were retrieved, and the medicinal and the disease shared 25 targets, including caspase-3(CASP3), caspase-8(CASP8), caspase-9(CASP9), and B-cell lymphoma-2(BCL2). The common targets involved 72 signaling pathways and apoptosis and p53 signaling pathway may play a crucial role in the effect of Ganoderma against gastric cancer. β-sitosterol had strong binding activity to the top 15 targets in the PPI network. The in vitro cell experiment demonstrated that β-sitosterol inhibited gastric cancer AGS cell proliferation by inducing cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the S phase, which might be related to the regulation of the p53 pathway. This study shows the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics of Ganoderma against gastric cancer, which lays a scientific basis for further research on the molecular mechanism.


Subject(s)
Ganoderma , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943108

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a newly discovered non-apoptotic regulatory form of cell death characterized by accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides and reactive oxygen species (ROS). p53 is a tumor suppressor gene that can induce cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, autophagy, and senescence to maintain genomic stability by mediating transcriptional regulation of a variety of key cellular genes. Recent studies have found that p53 can also regulate ferroptosis bidirectionally by multiple cellular responses including iron metabolism, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) metabolism, amino acid metabolism and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-mediated metabolisms, and participate in the pathological progression of diseases such as tumors, nervous system diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver disease, and kidney disease. This paper provided a systematic review of the mechanism of p53-mediated ferroptosis in the outcome of related diseases and its influencing factors. And the research advance in the mechanisms of targeted regulation of p53-mediated ferroptosis in the prevention and treatment of cancer, stroke, acute ischemic cardiomyopathy, chronic heart failure, atherosclerosis, ulcerative colitis, and adjuvant arthritis by traditional Chinese medicine was also elaborated. This paper was expected to provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment against related diseases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940580

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the neuroprotective effect of Buyang Huanwutang (BYHW) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) rats by regulating SIRT1/p53 pathway and to clarify the mechanism and the dosage of astragalus in the prescription. MethodA total of 90 SD rats were randomized into control group, DPN group, DPN + BYHW containing 120 g Astragalus (at 15 g·kg-1·d-1) (BYHW120 group), DPN + BYHW containing 60 g Astragalus (at 8.75 g·kg-1·d-1) (BYHW60 group), DPN + BYHW containing 30 g Astragalus (at 5.625 g·kg-1·d-1) (BYHW30 group), and DPN + α-lipoic acid (at 60 mg·kg-1·d-1) (ALA group). Standard diet was given to rats in the control group and high-carbohydrate/high-fat diet and streptozotocin (ip) were used to induce diabetes in rats in other groups. The administration lasted 12 weeks. After the intervention, mechanical pain threshold and nerve conduction velocity were detected. The L4-5 dorsal root ganglions were stained with haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and toluidine blue to observe the pathological changes, and the apoptosis of nerve cells was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidal transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3), and the main proteins in the SIRT1/p53 pathway, such as silencing information regulator 2 related enzyme 1 (SIRT1), acetyl-p53, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. ResultCompared with the control group, the DPN group presented increase in blood glucose (P<0.01), decrease in nerve conduction velocity and mechanical pain threshold (P<0.01), rise of the percentage of positive cells (TUNEL assay, the same below) and the expression of cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.01), drop in the expression of SIRT1 (P<0.01), and elevation of acetyl-p53, Drp1, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio (P<0.01). Cleaved Caspase-3, acetyl-p53, Drp1, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in each administration group decreased as compared with those in the DPN group (P<0.01). Nerve conduction velocity, mechanical pain threshold (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the percentage of positive cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) increased in the administration groups as compared with those in the DPN group except for the BYHW30 group, and BYHW120 group and ALA group showed the increase in SIRT1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Nerve conduction velocity, mechanical pain threshold, and SIRT1 expression were lower (P<0.05, P<0.01) and expression of cleaved Caspase-3 was higher (P<0.01) in the BYHW60 and BYHW30 groups than in the BYHW120 group. The percentage of positive cells and the expression of acetyl-p53 were higher in the BYHW30 group than in the BYHW120 group (P<0.01). ConclusionBYHW inhibits apoptosis and exerts therapeutic effect on DPN by regulating the SIRT1/p53 pathway. The therapeutic effect is related to the dosage of Astragalus in the prescription. BYHW containing 120 g Astragalus suppresses p53-dependent apoptosis more significantly than Buyang Huanwutang containing 60 g and 30 g of Astragalus.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939974

ABSTRACT

@#Silicosis, one of the most serious occupational diseases in the world, is a complex pathological process with multi-cell involvement and multi-factor regulation, and its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated.Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) regulates tumor signaling pathways, cell development and cell cycle.The regulatory subunit B of PP2A binds to the core enzyme, resulting in tissue expression specificity and substrate specificity of the PP2A holoenzyme complex.Protein phosphatase 2A regulatory subunit B"α (PPP2R3A) is a subunit of PP2A regulatory subunit B", which is a regulator of cell proliferation.However, the role of PPP2R3A in pulmonary fibrosis is still unclear.In this study, the pulmonary fibrosis model was established by endotracheal infusion of silica (SiO2, 250 mg/kg).Human pulmonary fibroblast-adult cells (HFP-a) were stimulated with 5 ng/mL TGF-β1 to construct fibro-related cell models.The transcription level of Ppp2r3a was detected by qRT-PCR assay.Immunofluorescence and Western blot experiments were performed to detect protein levels.Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay.The cell migration ability was detected by scratch test.Experimental results showed that silica nodules and collagen deposition were obvious in the SiO2 group, and the expression of PPP2R3A in lung fibroblasts increased, which could affect cell viability and migration ability, and may promote the progression of pulmonary fibrosis by regulating the expression of p53 signaling pathways.This study provides a new idea for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary fibrosis.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1257-1261, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934994

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of epigallocatechin gallate(EGCG)on the apoptosis of human retinal pigment epithelium(ARPE-19)cells and its mechanism. METHODS:The ARPE-19 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0,40,80 and 160 μg/mL EGCG, respectively. At the proposed time of treatment the morphological changes were detected by hoechst 33258 staining. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of apoptosis-related factors B lymphocytoma-2 gene(bcl-2), BCL2-Associated X protein(Bax),caspase-3 and p53 were detected by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting.RESULTS: Hoechst 33258 staining showed that the ARPE-19 cells with the increase of EGCG drug concentration, the number of apoptotic cells gradually increased and the apoptotic bodies were observed. Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate increased gradually with the increase of EGCG drug concentration. The apoptosis rates at 40, 80 and 160 μg/mL were 4.95%±0.071%, 11.75%±0.075% and 21.25%±0.919% respectively, which was significantly different compared with the control group(2.8%±1.556%)(P<0.01), presented with a drug concentration-dependent. The results of quantitative PCR and Western blotting showed that EGCG could significantly up-regulate the expression of apoptosis-promoting factors Bax, caspase-3 and the mRNA and protein expression of p53, and down-regulate the apoptosis-inhibiting factor bcl-2, all of these showed concentration-dependent effects.CONCLUSION:EGCG can obviously induce the apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells. The mechanism is related with the inhibition of bcl-2 and increase the expression of Bax, caspase-3 and p53.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 260-265, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and mutant P53 proteins in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and their clinical significances.Methods:The data of 68 cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma confirmed by pathology in Shanxi Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital from March 2015 to October 2021 were collected. The expressions of SIRT1, HIF-1α and mutant P53 proteins in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and paracancerous tissues were determined by immunohistochemistry. The correlation among SIRT1, HIF-1α and mutant P53 proteins and their relationship with clinicopathological features of patients were analyzed.Results:Among 68 colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and paracancerous tissues, SIRT1 protein was positive in 38 cases (55.88%) and 11 cases (16.18%) ( χ2 = 23.25, P < 0.001), HIF-1α protein was positive in 47 cases (69.12%) and 5 cases (7.35%) ( χ2 =54.92, P < 0.001), and mutant P53 protein was positive in 41 cases (60.29%) and 0 cases (0) ( P < 0.001). The positive expression rate of SIRT1 protein was high in patients with high clinical stage and lymph node metastasis (both P < 0.05); the positive expression rate of HIF-1α protein was high in patients with poor differentiation ( P < 0.05); the positive expression rate of mutant P53 protein was high in patients with poor differentiation and lymph node metastasis (both P < 0.05). There was a negative correlation between expressions of SIRT1 and mutant P53 proteins ( rs = -0.38, P = 0.001); there was a positive correlation between expressions of HIF-1α and mutant P53 proteins ( rs = 0.56, P < 0.001); there was a negative correlation between expressions of SIRT1 and HIF-1α proteins ( rs = -0.40, P = 0.001). Conclusions:SIRT1, HIF-1α and mutant P53 proteins are highly expressed in colorectal adenocarcinoma and are correlated with clinicopathological features suggesting poor prognosis. Combined detection of the three proteins may be used for the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal adenocarcinoma and serve as a new target for treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933618

ABSTRACT

Objective:to study the mutation of p53 gene in colorectal cancer, analyze the relationship between p53 gene mutation and numb expression pattern, and explore its clinicopathological significance in colorectal cancer.Methods:p53 gene mutation in 60 colorectal cancer tissues was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing, and the expression of numb protein was detected by Western blot. The colon cancer cell lines HCT116 (+), HCT116 (-) and flow cytometry were used. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan Meier method.Results:p53 gene mutation was found in 31 of 60 tissues (52%), and the mutation times of exons (E) 5, 6, 7 and 8 were 5, 6, 12 and 11 respectively. The expression level of numb in p53 mutation group was significantly lower than that in non mutation group ( P=0.009). The prognosis of patients with low expression of numb (39 cases) was worse than that of high expression of numb (21 cases) ( P=0.015). Its expression level is closely related to the degree of differentiation, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (all P<0.05). After the two cell lines were transferred into numb, the cell cycle appeared G2-M phase arrest and proliferation was inhibited, while dapt had G1-S phase arrest. Conclusion:p53 gene mutation related to the expression of numb in colon cancer, which has significant effect on the prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 173-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2)and P53 and their relationship with microsatellite instability(MSI)in gastric cancer tissues.Methods:A total of 103 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer between January 2018 and October 2020 at Yueyang Hospital were enrolled in this study.HER2, P53 and mismatch repair proteins in gastric cancer tissues were detected with immunohistochemical(IHC)methods, and MSI screening was conducted at 7 sites with a new Idylla MSI(multiple fluorescent PCR)method.Results:Of 103 gastric cancer patients in this study, 77(74.8%)showed microsatellite stability(MSS)and 26(25.2%)showed MIS via IHC, and PCR also detected 77 MSS cases and 26 MSI cases.In MSI, there was more low HER2 expression than high HER2 expression, and the rate of low HER2 expression in MSI was higher than the rate of high HER2 expression in MSI( P<0.05).Also in MSI, there was more low P53 expression than high P53 expression, and the rate of low P53 expression in MSI was higher than the rate of high expression in MSI( P<0.05). Conclusions:MSS may exist in the process of gastric carcinogenesis and in gastric cancer it may be accompanied by low expression of HER2 and p53 in cancer tissues.There may be a mutually exclusive relationship between MSI and expressions of HER2 and p53, suggesting that carcinogenic mechanisms involving MSI may be very different from those involving HER2 and p53.MSI detection is very valuable in guiding treatment drug selection and prognosis assessment.

11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e027, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360245

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Tobacco smoking involves a high risk of human malignancies, including oral cancer, because it contains multiple carcinogens that cause genetic instability. Thus, a worse prognosis would be expected for cancer patients who are smokers. The aim of this study was to assess the DNA damage response through the expression of checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2), H2A histone family member X (H2AX), and P53 among smokers and non-smokers with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Associations between immunoexpression of proteins and clinicopathological data and histopathological grading were also analyzed. A total of 35 individuals (18 non-smokers and 17 smokers) with OSCC of the tongue and/or floor of the mouth were included. Immunohistochemistry for H2AX was conducted for the identification of double-strand breaks, CHK2, and P53 to evaluate the expression of this protein in cell cycle regulation. The sample consisted of 22 males and 13 females, with a mean age of 63.9±11.8 years. OSCC of non-smokers were well-differentiated tumors in 50% of the cases, and those of smokers were equally distributed into moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated tumors (35.3% each). Overall, 31 (88.6%) cases were CHK2-positive, 27 (77.1%) were H2AX-positive, and 23 (65.7%) were P53-positive, with no difference between smokers and non-smokers (p > 0.05). No association was found between proteins and clinicopathologic data (p > 0.05). Similarities in CHK2, H2AX, and P53 immunohistochemical staining patterns were observed between smokers and non-smokers, and immunoexpression was not associated with clinicopathological parameters. However, the findings indicated consistent expression of these proteins in OSCC.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2108-2114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936579

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate how Zuogui pills from the Kidney-tonifying and Nourishing Yin formula, in combination with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist cetrorelix, affected the ovarian local oxidative stress response in decreasing ovarian reserve (DOR) mice. All animal experiments were carried out in accordance with the guidelines and standards established by Jinan University's Experimental Animal Management Committee. Cyclophosphamide (CTX)-treated DOR mice were given Zuogui pills, cetrorelix, or a combination of the two drugs intragastrically. After treatment, there were changes in the estrous cycle, serum sex hormone levels, oxidative stress-related indexes, growth biochemical factor levels, and SIRT1/P53/P21 expression. In comparison to the model group, the Zuogui pills and the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group had significantly prolonged estrous periods and shortened interestrous periods, and the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group had a significantly shortened cycle length. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) decreased and estradiol (E2) increased in all treatment groups compared to the model group, oxidative stress indexes nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) decreased, growth biochemical factors brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) concentrations increased significantly, and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) showed no significant change. SIRT1/P53/P21 immunohistochemical results revealed that, when compared to the model group, the expression of SIRT1 increased while the expression of P53 and P21 proteins decreased in all treatment groups, with the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group having the largest decrease, with significant differences in all indicators. We conclude that cetrorelix combined with Zuogui pills for kidney nourishing and Yin recipe improved the oxidative stress response in the follicle by regulating the SIRT1/P53/P21 pathway, reducing peroxide product production, protecting ovarian function, and regulating ovarian hormone secretion, and its efficacy is superior to that of cetrorelix or Zuogui pills alone.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936424

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and independent risk factors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) differentiation.  Methods A total of 108 HCC patients who underwent operation and treatment were reviewed and classified into low differentiation group (n= 29, 26.85%), medium differentiation group (n=53, 49.07%) and high differentiation group (n=26, 24.07%) according to pathological diagnosis. The clinicopathological characteristics and the expression levels of Ki67 and P53 in each group were compared and analyzed. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for low differentiation of HCC.  Results The proportion of cirrhosis, the positive rate of P53 and Ki67 expression level in different degrees of HCC differentiation were statistically significant (P0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that cirrhosis (OR=3.408), high expression of Ki67 (OR=11.113) and positive P53 (OR=9.711) were the main risk factors for poorly differentiated HCC.  Conclusion There are differences in clinical characteristics and expressions of Ki67 and P53 in HCC patients with different degrees of differentiation. Logistic regression analysis can identify clinicopathological risk factors affecting the degree of differentiation of HCC, which can provide criterion support for accurate diagnosis and prognostic treatment.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1133-1136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929493

ABSTRACT

Pterygium is an ocular surface disease formed by many factors and associate with a series of changes caused by ultraviolet irradiation and radiation, its pathogenesis is still uncertain. Elevated vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), inflammatory infiltrates, angiogenesis, oxidative stress, epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition(EMT), and tumor suppressor gene inactivation are currently recognized causes of pterygium. The mechanism of this factor in pterygium deveopment is still not completely understood. This review aimed to investigate the role of these factors in pterygium formation and provide targeted therapy and effective preventive measures for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929236

ABSTRACT

Hallmarks of the pathophysiology of glaucoma are oxidative stress and apoptotic death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) with multi-target, multi-pathway functions has been reported to exert positive pharmacological effects on oxidative stress and damaged RGCs. However, the ingredients and anti-apoptotic targets of EGb in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, in-depth analysis is necessary for further research. Ginkgo biloba-related and anti-apoptotic targets were identified and then combined to obtain the intersection, representing the potential anti-apoptotic targets of Ginkgo biloba. In addition, compound-anti-apoptotic target and OAG-target protein-protein interaction network were merged to obtain five core genes and compound-OAG-anti-apoptotic target protein-protein interaction network. Consequently, the active compounds and anti-apoptotic targets of Ginkgo biloba in the treatment of OAG were identified, namely luteolin, β-sitosterol, kaempferol, stigmasterol, quercetin, and p53, Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9, respectively. For the anti-apoptotic targets of Ginkgo biloba in the treatment of OAG, Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway analysis were executed to confirm the gene functions of Ginkgo biloba in antagonizing apoptosis of RGCs. The pathway enrichment was mainly involved in transcriptional activation of p53 responsive genes, activation of caspases and apoptotic processes. Finally, we confirmed the results of the network analysis by H2O2 treated RGC-5 cells in vitro. The results demonstrated that EGb protection can effectively diminish H2O2-induced apoptosis by inhibiting p53 acetylation, reducing the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and suppressing the expression of specific cleavage of Caspase-9 and Caspase-3.


Subject(s)
Ginkgo biloba , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Network Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Retinal Ganglion Cells
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923477

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the medication law and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine compounds in the treatment of periodontal disease through data mining, network pharmacology, and molecular docking. @* Methods@#First, data mining was used to search single medicinal materials for the treatment of periodontal disease, and the active components and their action targets were screened. Second, the disease target database was employed to download the targets related to the pathogenesis of periodontal disease, map them with the action targets of traditional Chinese medicine, and obtain the targets that are considered potential targets of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of periodontal disease. Potential targets were analyzed for gene ontology function and signaling pathway. They were then screened to obtain the key targets for the treatment of periodontal disease. Finally, the active components were docked with key targets.@* Results@# Among the traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions for the treatment of periodontal disease, Shudihuang, Mudanpi, Danggui, Fuling, Jinyinhua, Shanyao and Zhimu had the highest frequencies. Forty-three active components and 118 action targets were screened, and 52 potential targets were obtained by intersection with 856 disease targets. The molecular functions and biological processes in which potential targets may participate mainly focus on vitamin D biosynthesis and RNA polymerase Ⅱ regulation and involve 96 signaling pathways. Through the analysis of network topology parameters, 11 key targets were obtained. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), and mitogen-activated protein kinase-1 (MAPK-1) have good binding activity. @* Conclusion @#Traditional Chinese medicine compounds may play a role in the treatment of periodontal disease by inhibiting alveolar bone absorption, have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, and promote tissue repair. The effective treatment of periodontal disease by traditional Chinese medicine compounds provides a more scientific reference to the sustainable development of traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(4): 1133-1143, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153449

ABSTRACT

Abstract Apoptosis is a sequential order of cell death occurring regularly to ensure a homeostatic balance between the rate of cell formation and cell death. However, a misplaced of this balancing function can contribute to an abnormal cell growth / proliferation or autoimmune disorders etc. Apoptosis is therefore said to be crucial from the point of development of an embryo throughout the growth of an organism contributing to the renewal of tissues and also the getting rid of inflammatory cells. This review seeks to elaborate on the recent overview of the mechanism involved in apoptosis, some element and signal contributing to its function and inhibition together with how their malfunction contribute to a number of cancer related cases.


Resumo A apoptose é uma ordem sequencial de morte celular que ocorre regularmente para garantir um equilíbrio homeostático entre a taxa de formação e a morte celular. No entanto, um desequilíbrio dessa função pode contribuir para um crescimento/proliferação celular anormal ou distúrbios autoimunes. A apoptose é, portanto, considerada crucial do ponto de desenvolvimento de um embrião ao longo do crescimento de um organismo que contribui para a renovação dos tecidos e também a eliminação de células inflamatórias. Esta revisão procura elaborar a recente visão geral do mecanismo envolvido na apoptose, alguns elementos e sinais que contribuem para sua função e inibição, além de como o mau funcionamento deles contribui para vários casos relacionados ao câncer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis
18.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 370-374, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350837

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las alteraciones genéticas en el gen TP53 están presentes entre el 5 al 8 % de los pacientes de leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC) en el momento del diagnóstico. Estos casos se relacionan con un mal pronóstico debido a su resistencia al tratamiento estándar. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 52 años diagnosticado con LLC, expresión del marcador CD38 y una deleción en el gen TP53 (17p13.1). Tras la evaluación posterior del tratamiento, se observó enfermedad mínima residual lo que llevó a un trasplante haploidéntico de progenitores hematopoyéticos. Debido al alto riesgo de recaída, su edad y la ausencia de comorbilidades, era la única opción curativa hasta la fecha para la LLC. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una revisión de la literatura que sirva como base para analizar el caso clínico presentado, en el marco de las implicaciones clínicas, pronóstico y respuesta al tratamiento en los individuos con LLC que presentan alteraciones en el gen TP53.


SUMMARY Genetic alterations in the TP53 gene are present in 5 to 8% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cases at the time of diagnosis. These cases are typically associated with poor prognosis due to their resistance against standard CLL treatment. In our report a 52-yearold male patient was diagnosed with CLL, CD38 expression and a deletion in the TP53 gene (17p13.1). Upon evaluation post-treatment, minimal residual disease (MDR) was observed, and a haploidentical stem cell transplant was performed. Because of the high risk of relapse, his age, and the absence of comorbidities it was the only curative option to date for CLL. The purpose of this article is to complete a literature review that will give a basis to analyze the clinical case presented, within the framework of the clinical implications, prognosis, and response to treatment in patients with CLL who present with aberrations of the TP53 gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genes, p53 , Research Report
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210298, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252387

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most well-known malignancies that affect the human population worldwide. The early diagnosis and early intervention of OSCC help improve the survival rate of the patients. The tumour free surgical margins are a positive prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival. The molecular markers can be used to detect the tumour free surgical margins. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the expression of p53 & Cyclin D1 marker in resected surgical apparently clear margins and to correlate the p53 & Cyclin D1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: The study population included retrospective cases of OSCC with apparently clear margins (2017-18) n=10 and Clinicopathological variables relevant to survival analysis were recorded. Finally, two margins were selected from each case, a total of 20 margins were included in this study. Paraffin-embedded wax blocks retrieved and tissue sections were made. Expression of cyclin D1 and p 53 was assessed by the immunohistochemical staining procedure Results: Positive expressions Cyclin D1 in 40% of mild dysplasia margins and 60% in clearance adequate margins were present. p53 expression was seen in 16% of mild dysplasia margins and 84% in clearance adequate margins. The expression of p53 and Cyclin D1 molecular markers are noted in the basal & parabasal layer of epithelium. Conclusion: Molecular markers could play a more reliable method for the assessment of dysplasia at the margins


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Cyclin D1
20.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 258-263, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344709

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La displasia epitelial oral (DEO) es la presencia de alteraciones celulares y tisulares, lo que puede significar una etapa anterior al desarrollo del cáncer. Múltiples marcadores han sido considerados para estimar su potencial neoplásico y evolución a carcinoma, incluyendo a la molécula p53, se considera como participe de diversos fenómenos de la homeostasis celular. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la inmunoexpresión de p53 DO-7 y PAb 240 con el grado de severidad de la displasia epitelial oral. Material y métodos: Se analizaron nueve muestras de DEO (tres para cada grado de severidad). La inmunoexpresión de p53 tipo silvestre (DO-7) y forma mutada (PAb 240), fue determinada a través de ensayo de inmunohistoquímica por peroxidasa. Se obtuvieron la media y desviación estándar y se realizó la prueba χ2 (p < 0.05). Resultados: La edad media fue de 65.7 ± 11.4 años, la zona anatómica con mayor presencia de DEO es el borde lateral de la lengua. Ocho de nueve muestras fueron positivas para DO-7 y solo dos para PAb 240. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados indican que, aunque la expresión de p53 DO-7 podría estar relacionada parcialmente con la patogénesis de la displasia epitelial, no todas las displasias presentaron la forma mutada de p53 (PAb 240). Lo cual coincide con el comportamiento biológico incierto de las displasias al poder permanecer sin cambios, involucionar o transformarse


Introduction: Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is the presence of cellular and tissue alterations, which may mean a stage prior to the development of cancer. Multiple markers have been considered to estimate its pathogenic potential and evolution to neoplasms, including the p53 molecule, considered as participating in various phenomena of cellular homeostasis. Objective: To determine the relationship between the immunoexpression of p53 DO-7 and PAb 240 with the degree of severity of oral epithelial dysplasia. Material and methods: Nine OED samples were analyzed (three for each degree of severity). The immunoexpression of wild-type p53 (DO-7) and mutated form (PAb 240) was determined through a peroxidase immunohistochemical assay. The mean and standard deviation were obtained, and χ2 test (p < 0.05) were performed. Results: The mean age was 65.7 ± 11.4 years, with a greater presence of OED in the anatomical area of the lateral side of the tongue. Eight out of nine samples were positive for DO-7 and only two for PAb 240. Conclusions: Our results indicate that, although the expression of p53 DO-7 could be partially related to the pathogenesis of epithelial dysplasia, not all dysplasias presented the mutated form of p53 (PAb 240), which coincides that not all dysplasias have a potential for malignant transformation and that could be related to other oncogenic mechanisms (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Immunohistochemistry , Genes, p53 , Gingival Neoplasms , Tongue Neoplasms , Pilot Projects , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Carcinogenesis , Observational Study , Mexico
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