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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 169-177, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872613

ABSTRACT

Central composite design (CCD) is one of the most commonly used design methods in response surface optimization and has been widely applied in the field of pharmaceutics to optimize preparations. On the 20th anniversary of the introduction of CCD into China, the paper reviews its application in domestic pharmaceutical researches. Based on the brief introduction of basic principle and operation steps of CCD, the mistakes emerging in the application of CCD are summarized, including conceptual confusion with Box-Behnken design and face-centered CCD as well as wrong designs. Besides, the issues concerning the selection of factors and responses are discussed. The article is helpful for researchers to comprehensively understand the CCD and facilitates the rational application of this method.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2362-2395, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888866

ABSTRACT

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), comprised of organic ligands and metal ions/metal clusters

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1332-1342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887076

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), also named as a cancer of cardiovascular disease, is a rare disease and has complicated pathogenesis. Recently, there are more understandings of PAH pathogeneses. According to the pathogenesis and active pathways, the clinically used drugs are classified into several groups incluidng prostacyclin analogues and prostacyclin receptor agonists, endothelin receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitors, etc. To elevate the efficacy of the drugs, numerous drug delivery systems are developed. This review mainly summarized the pathological mechanism of PAH, drugs and drug delivery approaches in the treatment of PAH.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1301-1313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887067

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the phenomenon of glass transition has been gradually applied to the field of pharmaceutics. And it exhibits important influences on multiple operating units of pharmaceutical preparations, and the properties and storage of pharmaceutical intermediates and products. At present, it has been widely used in the process of preparations such as drying, granulation, coating, tableting, holt-melt extrusion, cryogenic comminution, and so on. Meanwhile, it showed guiding significance for the process of preparation intermediates and their products, such as solid dispersion, microcapsule, liposome, particle, tablet, and other preparation intermediates and their products. Therefore, this article conducts a detailed analysis and systematic summary of the application guidance of the phenomenon of glass transition in the preparation process, and its influence on the preparation intermediates and products, so as to provide theoretical guidance for preparation production and product storage.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2070-2085, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887062

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations have made tremendous progresses in modernization, whereas there exist relatively few researches pertaining to preparation structures. As demonstrated by the theory and practice of structure pharmaceutics, the structure properties of dosage forms have significant influences on the quality and efficacy of drugs, which might offer reference for the research and development of TCM dosage forms. With the application of synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-computed tomography (SR-μCT) and other novel technologies in recent years, researches in structure pharmaceutics have made huge advancement, which provide reference and methodology basis for the study of TCM preparations. The article generalized and summarized the recent progresses and methods in the structure researches of pharmaceutics and TCM preparations, and further explored the significance of the researches of structure of TCM preparations. It is expected to provide the basis for the dosage form design, production process improvement, and quality evaluation of TCM and promote the modernization of TCM preparations.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2522-2527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886944

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology has been widely used in the field of pharmaceutics. In recent years, research projects related to nanotechnology account for a high proportion (nearly 90%) in the application and funded projects of pharmaceutics (application code is H3408) of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). In addition, there are many other research directions in the field of pharmaceutics. This paper makes statistics and analysis on the research projects of pharmaceutics without nanotechnology funded by NSFC from 2001 to 2020, so as to provide reference for the pharmaceutical researchers to reasonably choose research direction.

7.
Rev. colomb. ciencias quim. farm ; 48(3): 762-788, sep.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138779

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Propolis is a hive product made by bees from vegetable exudates that are mixed with their secretions. The value of this material is established in terms of the content of biologically active molecules, that analytically is represented by parameters such as ethanol-soluble compounds (resins), oxidation index, phenolic compounds and total content of flavonoids. On the contrary, if propolis has a high percentage of waxes, mechanic impurities or heavy metals, it is classified as a sub-standard beekeeping product. On this basis, this research work illustrates the use of quality control as a strategy to identify the possible application of two samples of Colombian propolis for developing innovative pharmaceutic and cosmetic formulations. The results evidence that the investigated samples are low-quality propolis because of their high waxes content. However, far from being a disadvantage, these waxes could generate added value when they are incorporated, for example, in products requiring lipid components as nano and microparticulate systems or nanofibrous composite scaffolds and films.


RESUMEN El propóleos es un producto de las colmenas elaborado a partir de la mezcla de exudados vegetales con las secreciones de las abejas. La calidad de este material es definida en términos del contenido de moléculas bioactivas, que analíticamente es reportado como compuestos solubles en etanol (resinas), índice de oxidación, compuestos fenólicos y contenido total de flavonoides. De otro lado, el propóleos es clasificado como un material subestándar si presenta un elevado contenido de ceras, impurezas mecánicas o metales pesados. Sobre esta base, la presente investigación reporta el control de calidad para dos muestras de propóleos colombiano y a partir de los resultados obtenidos, se proponen posibles aplicaciones en el desarrollo de productos farmacéuticos y cosméticos innovadores. Los resultados evidencian que las muestras investigadas son clasificadas como de baja calidad debido a su elevado contenido de ceras. Sin embargo, esta aparente desventaja puede generar valor agregado cuando el propóleos se emplea, por ejemplo, en la preparación de sistemas nano y microparticulados y nanofibras para películas y soportes tisulares.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824053

ABSTRACT

Biotechnological Pharmaceutics is a compulsory course for biotechnology undergraduates in our school.We designed and implemented an elective course named Structural Biology to help students master technological principles through practice.This elective course included in-classroom lectures and experiments; during which we encouraged students to work together,and design,prepare,implement,and complete projects; examination score of Biotechnological Pharmaceutics was used to assess learning outcomes.The results showed that students who took this course gained higher score in the examination,indicating that the elective course is effective to improve the learning effect of Biotechnological Pharmaceutics for biotechnology undergraduates.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802219

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) is a comprehensive applied discipline integrating theory with practice, and it is a main core course of the undergraduate major of TCM with the characteristics of combining inheritance with innovation, theory with practice, integration with specialty. According to the characteristics of this curriculum and the current research situation of teaching model, this paper proposes to construct the " Fang-Zheng-Ji-Dao" characteristic teaching model of Pharmaceutics of TCM, and the construction, implementation strategies and methods of the model were elaborated in order to provide new ideas and methods for the innovation of the teaching model of Pharmaceutics of TCM.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799942

ABSTRACT

Biotechnological Pharmaceutics is a compulsory course for biotechnology undergraduates in our school. We designed and implemented an elective course named Structural Biology to help students master technological principles through practice. This elective course included in-classroom lectures and experiments; during which we encouraged students to work together, and design, prepare, implement, and complete projects; examination score of Biotechnological Pharmaceutics was used to assess learning outcomes. The results showed that students who took this course gained higher score in the examination, indicating that the elective course is effective to improve the learning effect of Biotechnological Pharmaceutics for biotechnology undergraduates.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare a new hesperidin nanoemulsion (HDN-NE) with glycyrrhizic acid as emulsifier, by which could develop a “new green nano-pharmaceutics” of hesperidin. Methods HDN-NE was prepared by high-speed shearing and high-pressure homogenization. The prescription of HDN-NE was optimized with particle size, PDI, and appearance as indexes. The physicochemical property and stability of HDN-NE prepared by the optimal prescription were studied. Results: The optimal prescription of HDN-NE was as follow: The content of hesperidin, glycyrrhizic acid, and oil phase were 0.1%, 0.3%, and 5%, respectively. The shear rate was 13 000 r/min, the cutting time was 2 min, the homogeneous pressure and times were 100 MPa and 6, severally. The result showed that the prepared HDN-NE had the mean size of (262.7 ± 3.1) nm, PDI of 0.234 ± 0.009, Zeta potential of (-35.42 ± 0.72) mV, and solubility of (460.3 ± 2.1) μg/mL. The physicochemical property study showed that the conductivity was (116.4 ± 1.7) μs/cm, the pH was 6.820 ± 0.008, and the turbidity was 451 cm-1 (n = 3). It was identified as O/W emulsion by dyeing method. The droplets were spherical and uniform by transmission electron microscopy. The stability study showed that HDN-NE had good stability. Conclusion: HDN-NE with glycyrrhizic acid as an emulsifier can significantly improve the solubility and stability of hesperidin, which is a new potential nano-drug with safety.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1145-1162, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815863

ABSTRACT

Drug delivery systems (DDS) are defined as methods by which drugs are delivered to desired tissues, organs, cells and subcellular organs for drug release and absorption through a variety of drug carriers. Its usual purpose to improve the pharmacological activities of therapeutic drugs and to overcome problems such as limited solubility, drug aggregation, low bioavailability, poor biodistribution, lack of selectivity, or to reduce the side effects of therapeutic drugs. During 2015-2018, significant progress in the research on drug delivery systems has been achieved along with advances in related fields, such as pharmaceutical sciences, material sciences and biomedical sciences. This review provides a concise overview of current progress in this research area through its focus on the delivery strategies, construction techniques and specific examples. It is a valuable reference for pharmaceutical scientists who want to learn more about the design of drug delivery systems.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744103

ABSTRACT

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a sensitive optical technique that is capable of rapid multi-elemental analysis. The development of this technique for elemental analysis of pharmaceutical products may eventually revolutionize the field of human health. Under normal circumstances, the elemental analysis of pharmaceutical products based on chemical methods is time-consuming and complicated. In this investigation, the principal aim is to develop an LIBS-based methodology for ele-mental analysis of pharmaceutical products. This LIBS technique was utilized for qualitative as well as quantitative analysis of the elements present in Ca-based tablets. All the elements present in the tablets were detected and their percentage compositions were verified in a single shot, using the proposed instrument. These elements (e.g., Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and others) were identified by the wavelengths of their spectral lines, which were verified using the NIST database. The approximate amount of each element was determined based on their observed peaks and the result was in exact agreement with the content specification. The determination of the composition of prescription drug for patients is highly important in numerous circumstances. For example, the exploitation of LIBS may facilitate elemental decomposition of medicines to determine the accuracy of the stated composition information. Moreover, the approach can provide element-specific, meaningful, and accurate information related to pharmaceutical products.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 19-35, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775006

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the coamorphous drug delivery system has been established as a promising formulation approach for delivering poorly water-soluble drugs. The coamorphous solid is a single-phase system containing an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and other low molecular weight molecules that might be pharmacologically relevant APIs or excipients. These formulations exhibit considerable advantages over neat crystalline or amorphous material, including improved physical stability, dissolution profiles, and potentially enhanced therapeutic efficacy. This review provides a comprehensive overview of coamorphous drug delivery systems from the perspectives of preparation, physicochemical characteristics, physical stability, and performance. Furthermore, the challenges and strategies in developing robust coamorphous drug products of high quality and performance are briefly discussed.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851465

ABSTRACT

According to foundations of previous explications of basic theories of the Chinese materia medica (CMM) with supramolecular chemistry as “Qi chromatograpy”, we further analyzed the intrinsic characteristics of supramolecular “imprinting templates” aggregation, and then discussed on aspects of the development direction, characteristics, key issues to be solved as well as countermeasures by combining the historical development of CMM preparations. Under the guidance of supramolecular theories of CMM, CMM preparations can establish the system that are originated form the materials which are of “medical elements” direction with explicit reaction on supramolecular “imprinting templates” of human body and carrying out “Qi chromatography”, and implementing the integration of determinacy for single administration and compatibility for combination applications.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694465

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy and safety of quinolones in children with severe infection. Methods Patients with severe infections treated in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Beijing Children's Hospital from November 2016 to January 2018 were enrolled. The clinical data were collected and analyzed. Results Totally 24 children were treated with quinolones, including levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin. Patients with poor initial treatment were treated with levofloxacin or ciprofloxacin on the basis of drug sensitivity for bacterial infections. Moxifloxacin was used to treat Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in patients poorly treated by macrolides antibiotics or macrolide-resistance gene positive. Among the 24 cases, 1 case (4.2 %) was cured, 19 cases (79.1 %) treated effectively, 1 case had no response (4.2 %), and 3 cases (12.5 %) discharged automatically during treatment, with a response rate of 83.3 %. The consciousness, skin, joint and gastrointestinal function were closely observed; blood routine test, liver and kidney function were closely monitored. There were no adverse drug reactions during the period of medication. Conclusions Quinolones can improve efficacy and prognosis for pediatric patients with severe infections. There are no drug related adverse reactions, indicating a safe short-term use. The use of quinolones in children is super-instructive, and clinical pharmacists should assist physicians in doing related work and reduce medical risks.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613519

ABSTRACT

It is unable to cultivate students' ability of application and innovation by the traditional teaching form in pharmaceutics for the pharmaceutics is fragmented and intersective with other disciplines. This paper analyzes the characteristics and shortcomings of traditional teaching methods of pharmaceutics. The flipped classroom is applied to pharmaceutics teaching with SPOC, world coffee and hacker. The results shows that the flipped classroom can effectively improve the motivation and learning efficiency of students, especially improve their self-study and innovation ability. It can realize the diversity of teaching evaluation.

18.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 52(1): 179-190, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-789088

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this investigation was to develop a novel oral edible gel dosage form for nebivolol hydrochloride, with suitable rheological characteristics that can provide a means of administering the drug to dysphagic and geriatric patients. Edible gels were prepared using low acetylated gellan gum and sodium citrate in different concentrations. The effect of concentration of the solution on gelation time, viscosity, and drug release was studied. Optimized formulation had "spoon thick" consistency that is considered suitable for dysphagic patients as suggested by National Dysphagia Diet Task Force. The optimized formulation containing gellan gum (0.4 % w/v) and sodium citrate (0.3 % w/v) showed more than 95% drug release in 20 minutes. This formulation also showed significantly better pharmacokinetic profile when compared to marketed conventional tablets in New Zealand white rabbits (n = 3). Optimized formulation was found stable for 6 months when stored at 25 °C ± 0.2 °C/60 ± 5% RH. From this study, it can be concluded that the novel edible gel dosage form containing nebivolol hydrochloride may prove to be more efficacious in the treatment of hypertension in dysphagic patients.


RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver um gel comestível para veiculação de cloridrato de nebivolol, com características reológicas adequadas, que podem fornecer meio de administrar o fármaco em casos de disfagia orofaríngea e pacientes geriátricos. Géis comestíveis foram preparados utilizando goma gelana de baixa acetilação e citrato de sódio, em diferentes concentrações. Estudou-se o efeito da concentração da solução no tempo de gelificação, a viscosidade e a liberação do fármaco. A formulação otimizada apresentava consistência de pudim, o que é considerado adequado para pacientes disfágicos como sugerido pela National Dysphagia Diet Task Force. A formulação otimizada contendo 0,4% (m/v) de goma gelana e 0,3% (m/v) de citrato de sódio mostrou que mais de 95% de fármaco foi liberado em 20 minutos. Esta formulação também mostrou, significativamente, melhor perfil farmacocinético, quando comparado com os comprimidos convencionais comercializados administrados a coelhos brancos neozelandeses (n = 3). A formulação otimizada manteve-se estável durante 6 meses, armazenada a 25 oC ± 0,2 °C/60 ± 5% de UR. A partir deste estudo, conclui-se que a nova forma de gel comestível contendo cloridrato de nebivolol pode ser mais eficaz no tratamento de hipertensão em pacientes portadores de disfagia.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Dosage Forms , Nebivolol/analysis , Deglutition Disorders/prevention & control
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496426

ABSTRACT

Experiment of pharmacy will inevitably cause a waste of resources and environmental pollution. Therefore, it is necessary to explore some green teaching method in the experiment of pharma-ceutics. Based on the long-term teaching experience, this paper took the preparation of yiyuan powder, the cold fever granules and tables, and subing dropping as examples to compare the differences between the traditional teaching method and the green teaching method in the aspects of improving the basic operating skills, saving materials and reagents and using the micro experiments. The results showed that compared with the conventional teaching, green teaching method in pharmaceutics experiment process can significantly reduce the reagent and the amount of raw materials, so as to enables students to cultivate green, energy saving, environmental awareness while mastering the pharmaceutical theory and technology.

20.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 121-125, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842228

ABSTRACT

Three dimensional printing (3DP) is a solid freeform fabrication technology which employs powder processing and a liquid binder material in the construction of parts in a layer-wise manner. 3DP can accommodate much geometric outline and be made with many materials due to its unprecedented flexibility. The technology can control over the material composition, microstructure and surface texture so it attracts great attentions in the pharmaceutics field. 3DP can offer many novel strategies and approaches for the research and is widely focused in the field of the controlled-release drug delivery systems. Through consulting a large number of documents the current development and the technical characteristics of 3DP in pharmaceutics field are discussed and reviewed. It is expected that 3DP technique may play a tremendous role in pharmaceutics field in the future.

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