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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 94-100, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012788

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is the terminal stage of various cardiovascular diseases and a leading cause of death. For a long time, natural medicines have been used to treat heart failure(HF) with remarkable effects. In this paper, the Traditional Chinese Medicine compound patents in the national patent database were mined, common Traditional Chinese Medicines for the clinical treatment of HF were selected, and the single active ingredient contained in them was analyzed, which provided some valuable tips for the development of drugs for the treatment of heart failure.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 221-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953943

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the malignancies with high incidence in the world. Xiangsha Liu Junzitang,a common prescription for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer,has the effects of moving Qi to relieve pain,drying dampness, and invigorating the spleen. It is especially indicated for gastric cancer of the spleen and stomach qi deficiency syndrome. Based on the databases such as CNKI,Wanfang Data,and PubMed,the clinical efficacy and experimental studies of Xiangsha Liu Junzitang for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer were summarized and sorted out,and the mechanism of Xiangsha Liu Junzitang for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer was elaborated in order to provide useful references for the clinical and basic research on Xiangsha Liu Junzitang in the field of gastric cancer in the future. In clinical practice,Xiangsha Liu Junzitang can treat gastric precancerous lesions,increase the body immunity of patients with gastric cancer,improve the symptoms of spleen and stomach weakness after gastric cancer surgery,and reduce the adverse reactions of the digestive tract after chemotherapy for gastric cancer. Its clinical efficacy is superior to that of western medicine alone whether it is combined with western medicine or used alone. In the experimental research,Xiangsha Liu Junzitang has the effects of regulating inflammatory factors,inhibiting the proliferation of gastric cancer cells,promoting the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells,and improving the activity of pepsin. Modern pharmacological research has shown that Xiangsha Liu Junzitang can conduct a comprehensive intervention with multiple components and multiple targets. The main components of a single drug contained include saponins,polysaccharides,lactones,volatile oils,organic acids,and others, with the effects of protecting gastric mucosa,regulating endocrine,and promoting apoptosis of epithelial cells in gastric mucosal dysplasia,reflecting the advantages and values of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 428-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994494

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate potential effective components of traditional Chinese medicine and their molecular mechanisms of action in the anti-angiogenic treatment of Kaposi′s sarcoma based on network pharmacology, and to predict key targets and signal pathways in the anti-angiogenic treatment of Kaposi′s sarcoma with traditional Chinese medicine.Methods:According to the previous network pharmacology-based analysis results, main chemical components and targets of Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati, Cortex Mori, Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae and Fructus Perillae were obtained by using the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP); potential therapeutic targets for angiogenesis and Kaposi′s sarcoma were obtained by searching the GeneCard, OMIM, DrugBank and TTD databases, and a Venn diagram was constructed to obtain targets for the interaction between Kaposi′s sarcoma and anti-angiogenic drug components; a protein-protein interaction model was constructed using the STRING 11.5 platform; the Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct the component-target visual network. Meanwhile, the Metascape platform was used to analyze the Gene Ontology (GO) functions and the enrichment of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) -based pathways. The main active ingredients and core targets obtained through the above analyses were then verified by molecular docking. Results:The core components of anti-Kaposi′s sarcoma angiogenesis drugs were resveratrol (degree: 142), quercetin (degree: 141), kaempferol (degree: 56), luteolin (degree: 56), β-sitosterol (degree: 37), arachidonic acid (degree: 36), naringenin (degree: 36), etc., and the core target was prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2). KEGG analysis revealed that the cancer signaling pathways were the important pathways related to the inhibiton of angiogenesis in Kaposi′s sarcoma; functional enrichment analysis showed that the positive regulation of cell migration was the most significantly enriched GO term in the biological process category. Molecular docking results showed that resveratrol, quercetin, kaempferol and luteolin had good affinity with PTGS2, especially quercetin and luteolin exhibited the strongest binding abilities to PTGS2, with the binding energies being -9.4 and -9.5 kcal/mol, respectively.Conclusion:This study showed that the 4 traditional Chinese medicines recorded in TCMSP (including Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati., Cortex Mori, Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae and Fructus Perillae) may play an anti-angiogenic role by regulating cancer signaling pathways and acting on targets such as PTGS2, and predicted the possible anti-angiogenesis mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicines in Kaposi′s sarcoma.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1127-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deeply explore the potential mechanism of Kangmin Zhisou Granules in the treatment of bronchial asthma through network pharmacology method; To verify it with animal experiments.Methods:The active components and corresponding target information of Kangmin Zhisou Granules were screened with the help of BATMAN-TCM database, and the related disease targets of bronchial asthma were obtained through GeneCards and OMIM databases. The drug targets and bronchial asthma targets were intersected and imported String database was used to establish PPI network. Cytoscape 3.9.1 software was used to draw the network diagram of "Chinese materia medica-active components-intersection targets" and the core targets were screened. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis was performed on the core targets using DAVID database. A mouse model of asthma induced by ovalbumin was prepared. After the intervention of Kangmin Zhisou Granules, the pathological changes of mouse lung tissue were observed, and the contents of serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1 β were detected by ELISA.Results:Totally 240 active components and 1 364 potential targets were obtained from Kangmin Zhisou Granules. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), protein kinase B (AKT1), albumin (ALB), interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) and other 11 core targets were obtained after screening. The results of GO enrichment analysis showed that the treatment of bronchial asthma by Kangmin Zhisou Granules mainly involved the positive regulation of protein phosphorylation, the regulation of inflammatory response, lipopolysaccharide response and other biological processes, as well as TNF, activated protein kinase (MAPK), interleukin-17 (IL-17) and other signaling pathways. Animal experiments confirmed that Kangmin Zhisou Granules could reduce the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in serum ( P<0.05), and reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue of mice, thereby relieving asthma symptoms. Conclusion:Kangmin Zhisou Granules may exert anti-inflammatory effects by acting on TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and other targets to alleviate asthma symptoms.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 749-754, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and explore the possible mechanism of anti-tumor metastasis of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma using Internet pharmacology. Methods:The active components and targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were screened by retrieving Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). GeneCards database was used to screen the anti-tumor metastasis-related targets, and compounds and disease targets were under mapping analysis. Key targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma for anti-tumor metastasis were screened through Venn map. With the help of Cytoscape 3.7.2 software, a compound-disease network diagram was constructed. String platform was used to build a PPI network. Bioconductor was used to enrich the target genes for KEGG signaling pathway and GO biological process analysis. Results:Totally 119 active components were selected from Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. There were 8 eligible active components, corresponding to 162 related targets, 121 targets related to anti-tumor metastasis, and 30 key targets screened by PPI network, including AKT1, MAPK1, JUN, RELA, IL6, etc. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved biological processes such as cytokine receptor binding, heme binding, RNA polymerase Ⅱ transcription factor binding, ubiquitin protein ligase binding, and steroid hormone receptor activity. 149 signal pathways related to Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma anti-tumor metastasis were obtained by KEGG enrichment analysis, mainly involving multiple signal pathways, such as AGE-RAGE and PI3K-Akt, and hepatitis B, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus infection, human cytomegalovirus infection and other viral infections and various tumors. Conclusion:Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma can pass multiple active components, such as ginsenoside f2, ginsenoside rh2 β-, sitosterol, stigmasterol and quercetin, and multiple targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, JUN, RELA and IL6, acting on multiple pathways such as PI3K-Akt, thereby playing the role of anti-tumor metastasis.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 648-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989682

ABSTRACT

Taohe Chengqi Decoction is a classical prescription for removing heat and blood stasis, possessing anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, hemorheological, renal interstitial fibrosis and other pharmacological effects, which is often used to treat diseases of internal medicine, orthopedics, and obstetrics and gynecology. This article reviewed the chemical composition, pharmacological effects and clinical application of Taohe Chengqi Decoction. On this basis, Q-marker of Taohe Chengqi Decoction was predicted and analyzed according to the "five principles" of Q-marker. These results suggested that amygdalin, cinnamic acid, Cinnamaldehyde, rhein, emodin, glycyrrhizic acid and liquiritin can be used as Q-markers in Taohe Chengqi Decoction.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 439-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Kechuan'an Oral Liquid in treating asthma based on network pharmacology; To carry out experimental verification.Methods:The effective components and targets of Kechuan'an Oral Liquid were obtained through TCMSP and literature search. The related targets of asthma were screened by GEO database, and the intersection targets of drug and disease were selected. The PPI network was constructed by STRING database, and the GO function and KEGG pathway were enriched and analyzed for key targets by DAVID database. The rats were divided into blank control group, model group and Kechuan'an Oral Liquid group according to the method of random number table. Kechuan'an Oral Liquid group received Kechuan'an Oral Liquid 12.34 ml/kg for gavage, and blank control group and model group were perfused with distilled water of the same volume for gavage, once a day for 3 days. The asthma model of rats was prepared by atomizing the mixture of acetylcholine chloride and histamine phosphate, and HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue; Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of IL-6, TLR4, MyD88 and TAK1, and the network pharmacological prediction results were verified.Results:A total of 153 active components, 1 896 targets and 2 982 differentially expressed genes of Kechuan'an Oral Liquid were screened out, and 25 intersection targets of drugs and diseases were obtained. The enrichment results showed that toll-like receptor signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway and Nod-like receptor signaling pathway were the main mechanisms of immune inflammation. Compared with the control group, the lung tissue of rats in the model group showed morphological changes such as thickening of air duct wall and infiltration of inflammatory cells, which were significantly improved in the Kechuan'an Oral Liquid group. Compared with the control group, the expressions of IL-6, TLR4, MyD88 and TAK1 in the model group significantly increased ( P<0.01), and compared with model group, the expressions of IL-6, TLR4, MyD88 and TAK1 in Kechuan'an Oral Liquid group significantly decreased ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion:Kechuan'an Oral Liquid can inhibit toll-like receptor signaling pathway and mediate anti-inflammatory effect to treat asthma.

8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 181-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of Herba Hedyotidis against liver fibrosis based on network pharmacology. Methods:Based on TCMSP database and Uniprot database, the effective components and target genes of Herba Hedyotidis were screened. Target genes of liver fibrosis were screened by GeneCards and OMIM database, and the "disease-component-target" network map was constructed by Cytoscape 3.8.2 software. Protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database, and the Cytoscape 3.8.2 software was used to screen the core target out. The core targets were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Experimental verification was performed to the analysis results. A hepatic fibrosis model was established by intraperitioneal imjection of 40% carbon tetrachloride oil solution in rats that were then divided into the model control group and the Herba Hedyotidis group by randomized number table table, with 10 rats in each group. Ten normal rats were used as the normal control group. The Herba Hedyotidis group were injected 2.7 g/kg herb aqueous extract by intragastric administration, once a day, for 4 weeks; and the normal and model control group were given the same volume distilled water for gavage. The serum GPT, GOT, Alb and liver pathologic changes were observed. The serum expressions of IL-6, IL-1β and TGF-β1 were detected by ELISA. The expressions of PI3K, Akt, HIF-1α and VEGF were detected by Western blot. Results:5 effective components and 118 targets of Herba Hedyotidis in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis were obtained. Stigmasterol, β-sitosterol and quercetin were the most effective components with high moderate value. The moderate targets were VEGF, EGFR, HIF-1α and IL-6. The core genes of PPI network were HIF-1α, IL-6, etc. GO enrichment analysis showed that RNA transcription, protein binding and other processes may be affected. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that significant enrichment pathways were cancer pathway, hepatitis B pathway, PI3K/Akt, HIF pathway and so on. Animal experimental results showed that compared with model group, liver histopathology was improved significantly, the content of GPT, GOT, IL-6, IL-1β and TGF-β1 decreased ( P<0.01), the content of Alb increased ( P<0.01), and the protein expressions of PI3K, Akt, HIF-1α and VEGF in liver tissue were down-regulated ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The Herba Hedyotidis exerts functions of anti-hepatic fibrosis through acting on the targets of VEGF, EGFR, HIF-1α and IL-6, regulating the PI3K/Akt, HIF-1 pathways, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenesis, anti-tumor and other biological functions.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 74-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of Danggui Niantong Decoction in the treatment of gouty arthritis (GA) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:By selecting for the active components and targets of Danggui Niantong Decoction with TCMSP, and retrieving the GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGKB and DrugBank databases to obtain GA related targets. The potential targets of Danggui Niantong Decoction in the treatment of GA were obtained by the intersection of mappings. The regulation network of Chinese medicine compound and protein-protein interaction network of Danggui Niantong Decoction were constructed by Cytoscape software, and the targets of Danggui Niantong Decoction in the treatment of GA were analyzed by GO and KEGG enrichment by David Database. Finally, molecular docking was performed by using Autodock software.Results:There are 198 active components that could treat GA in Danggui Niantong Decoction. The key active components are Quercetin and Kaempferol. There are 46 key targets, the core targets are NFE2L2, HMOX1, PPARA, PTGS2, IL1β, CXCL8. GO enrichment suggests that the key genes are primarily involved in many biological processes such as Inflammatory response regulation, response to oxidative stress, Fatty acid metabolism process, steroid metabolism, lipopolysaccharide response and reactive oxygen species metabolism. KEGG pathway indicates that Danggui Niantong Decoction mainly acted on IL-17 signal pathway, HIF-1 signal pathway, TNF signal pathway and AGE-RAGE signal pathway. Molecular docking shows that the active components of Danggui Niantong Decoction and action target of GA can combine toghether with high efficiency, and the structure is stable.Conclusion:Danggui Niantong Decoction has multi-component, multi pathway and multi-protein characteristics. Danggui Niantong Decoction can treat GA by regulating immune inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress reaction.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 370-374,F1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the specific mechanism and effects between christina loosestrife and snowbellleaf tickclover herb on kidney calcium oxalate calculi in rats.Methods:A total of 54 SPF grade SD male rats were fed adaptically for 1 week to 180-200 g, the models of rats with kidney calcium oxalate calculi were established by intragastric administration with glycol, and divided into nine groups according to random number table method and controlled, which were healthy control group (group A), positive control group (model group, group B), low, medium and high doses of christina loosestrife groups (C1, C2, C3, 3 groups), low, medium and high doses of snowbellleaf tickclover herb groups (D1, D2, D3, 3 groups), therapeutic control group (potassium sodium hydrogen citrate group, group E), 6 rats in each group. After 4 weeks, samples were collected to determine the urine and serum biochemical indexes of each group, and Von Kossa staining was used to detect kidney calcium oxalate crystals. Calcium oxalate crystal deposition in kidney tissues of rats was observed under polarization microscope, and the difference of efficacy between the two drug effects was determined by the percentage of positive area in photos and the urine and serum biochemical indexes. The measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between groups, and SNK- q test was used for comparison between two groups. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare crystal formation between groups. Results:Compared with the positive control group and christina loosestrife groups, high dose of snowbellleaf tickclover herb could significantly reduce serum creatinine level ( P<0.01), the mean serum creatinine of rats with christina loosestrife was (86.70±11.49) μmol/L, that of rats with snowbellleaf tickclover herb was (70.72±9.08) μmol/L, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). High dose of christina loosestrife and snowbellleaf tickclover herb could significantly increase urinary magnesium and decrease serum urea levels, and there was no statistical significance between them ( P>0.05). Compared with the positive control group, high dose of christina loosestrife ( P<0.000 1) and snowbellleaf tickclover herb ( P<0.000 1) could both inhibit the formation of calcium oxalate crystals and protect the kidney of rats, and there was no statistical significance between the two effects ( P>0.05). The levels of urine pH value could not be increased, while the levels of urinary calcium urinary oxalic acid and 24 h urine volume, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, serum magnesium, blood uric acid and content of kidney oxalate could not be decreased significantly after using these two drugs. Conclusion:Snowbellleaf tickclover herb is better than christina loosestrife in preventing recurrence of kidney calcium oxalate calculi and protecting renal function.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6551-6571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008855

ABSTRACT

Perilla frutescens is a widely used medicinal and edible plant with a rich chemical composition throughout its whole plant. The Chinese Pharmacopoeia categorizes P. frutescens leaves(Perillae Folium), seeds(Perillae Fructus), and stems(Perillae Caulis) as three distinct medicinal parts due to the differences in types and content of active components. Over 350 different bioactive compounds have been reported so far, including volatile oils, flavonoids, phenolic acids, triterpenes, sterols, and fatty acids. Due to the complexity of its chemical composition, P. frutescens exhibits diverse pharmacological effects, including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, antidepressant, and antitumor activities. While scholars have conducted a substantial amount of research on different parts of P. frutescens, including analysis of their chemical components and pharmacological mechanisms of action, there has yet to be a systematic comparison and summary of chemical components, pharmacological effects, and mechanisms of action. Therefore, this study overviewed the chemical composition and structures of Perillae Folium, Perillae Fructus, and Perillae Caulis, and summarized the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of P. frutescens to provide a reference for better development and utilization of this valuable plant.


Subject(s)
Perilla frutescens/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Seeds/chemistry , Fruit/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry
12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 818-824, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantify phytochemicals using liquid chromatography and mass spectroscopy (LCMS) analysis and explore the therapeutic effect of Aesculus hippocastanum L. (AH) seeds ethanolic extract against gastric ulcers in rats.@*METHODS@#Preliminary phytochemical testing and LCMS analysis were performed according to standard methods. For treatment, the animals were divided into 7 groups including normal control, ulcer control, self-healing, AH seeds low and high doses, ranitidine and per se groups. Rats were orally administered with 10 mg/kg of indomethacin, excluding the normal control group (which received 1% carboxy methyl cellulose) and the per se group (received 200 mg/kg AH seeds extract). The test group rats were then given 2 doses of AH seeds extract (100 and 200 mg/kg, respectively), while the standard group was given ranitidine (50 mg/kg). On the 11th day, rats in all groups were sacrificed, and their stomach was isolated to calculate the ulcer index, and other parameters such as blood prostaglandin (PGE2), tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malonyldialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH). All isolated stomach tissues were analyzed for histopathological findings.@*RESULTS@#The phytochemical examination shows that the AH seeds contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, phenolic components, and glycosides. LCMS analysis confirms the presence of quercetin and rutin. The AH seeds extract showed significant improvement in gastric mucosa conditions after indomethacin-induced gastric lesions (P<0.01). Further marked improvement in blood PGE2 and antioxidant enzymes, SOD, CAT, MDA and GSH, were observed compared with self-healing and untreated ulcer-induced groups (P<0.01). Histopathology results confirmed that AH seeds extract improved the mucosal layer and gastric epithelial membrane in treated groups compared to untreated ulcer-induced groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LCMS report confirms the presence of quercetin and rutin in AH seeds ethanolic extract. The therapeutic effect of AH seeds extract against indomethacin-induced ulcer in rat model indicated the regenerated membrane integrity, with improved cellular functions and mucus thickness. Further, improved antioxidant enzyme level would help to reduce PGE2 biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Ranitidine/adverse effects , Aesculus , Ulcer/drug therapy , Quercetin , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Indomethacin/therapeutic use , Glutathione , Superoxide Dismutase , Rutin/adverse effects , Prostaglandins/adverse effects , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3269-3280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981464

ABSTRACT

Bombyx Batryticatus is a precious traditional Chinese animal drug commonly used in clinical practice in China, which has the effects of extinguishing wind, stopping convulsions, dispelling wind, relieving pain, resolving phlegm, and dissipating mass. The processing of Bombyx Batryticatus has a long history. As early as in the Liu Song period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties, there was a record of the processing of Bombyx Batryticatus with rice swill. In addition to the processing with bran, honey bran, and ginger juice, which are still used today, there are also processing methods such as rendering, flour processing, wine processing, salt processing, oil processing, charcoal, and red dates processing in ancient times. After processing, the fishy smell of Bombyx Batryticatus can be removed, and avoid nausea and vomiting caused by the direct taking. Furthermore, processing can also facilitate the removal of surface hairs and toxicity reduction, making the medicinal material crispy and easy to crush. Previous studies have shown that the main chemical constituents of Bombyx Batryticatus include protein polypeptides, sterols, and flavonoids, with anticonvulsant, anticoagulation, antithrombotic, anti-cancer, hypnotic, hypoglycemic, and other pharmacological effects. This paper reviewed the processing historical evolution, chemical constituents, and pharmacological effects of Bombyx Batryticatus to lay a foundation for the research on the processing mechanism, quality control, and active core substances of Bombyx Batryticatus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx , China , Evolution, Chemical , Flavonoids , Fruit
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2059-2067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981337

ABSTRACT

Panax notoginseng contains triterpene saponins, flavonoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, volatile oil and other active components, which have the effects of promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding, removing blood stasis, etc. This study summarized the herbal research, chemical constituents and main pharmacological activities of P. notoginseng, and based on the theory of Q-markers of traditional Chinese medicine, predicted and analyzed the Q-markers of P. notoginseng from the aspects of plant kinship, efficacy, drug properties, measurability of chemical components, etc. It was found that ginsenosides Rg_1, Re, and Rb_1 with specific content ratio, ginsenosides Rb_2, Rb_3, Rc, Rd, Rh_2, and Rg_3, notoginseng R_1, dencichine and quercetin could be used as potential Q-markers of P. notoginseng, which facilitated the formulation of quality standards reflecting the efficacy of P. notoginseng.


Subject(s)
Panax notoginseng/chemistry , Ginsenosides/analysis , Saponins/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Panax/chemistry
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 237-245, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964965

ABSTRACT

Tongxie Yaofang, also known as Baizhu Shaoyaosan, was first recorded in Danxi's Experiential Therapy (《丹溪心法》) by ZHU Danxi in the Yuan dynasty. It is composed of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and Saposhnikoviae Radix, and serves as the representative prescription for the treatment of painful diarrhea. It has the functions of tonifying the spleen, emolliating the liver, relieving pain, and checking diarrhea, and is mainly used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In addition, it is effective in treating gastrointestinal disorders with mental and psychological abnormalities, as well as obstinate anorexia in children, depression syndrome, and respiratory diseases. Experimental research and clinical practice have shown that Tongxie Yaofang has multi-component, multi-pathway, and multi-target characteristics in the treatment of diseases. The mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating diseases is mainly attributed to anti-inflammation, immune function regulation, intestinal hypersensitivity improvement, emotion regulation, etc. Monoterpene glycosides, flavonoids, chromones, lactones, and other components contained play an important therapeutic role. The research on the systems biology of Tongxie Yaofang, such as metabolomics, proteomics, and network pharmacology, provides a scientific basis for clarifying its mechanism of action and expanding its clinical application. However, there are still some problems to be solved, such as difficulty in combining diseases and syndromes and lack of in-depth systematic research. Through the retrieval and collation of relevant literature, this paper systematically reviewed the material basis, pharmacological effects, and systems biology research of Tongxie Yaofang, aiming to lay a foundation for in-depth research on its mechanism in treating diseases and rational application in clinical practice.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1415-1422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954479

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on network pharmacology and molecular docking to explore the targets and mechanism of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula treating Non-Puerperal Mastitis (NPM).Methods:By retrieving the active components and the corresponding target information of each component in Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula with Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform of Chinese Medicine System (TCMSP), and NPM-related genes in database like GeneCard, OMIM, PharmGkb, TTD, and DrugBank, the data of the core targets of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula and disease-related genes was compared to obtain intersecting genes, and the STRING database was used to analyze the protein interaction network and find the core genes. With the help of Cytoscape 3.8.0, the active ingredient-target-pathway regulation network diagram of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula for the treatment of NPM was established. The R language pack was used to enrich the targets with GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment, and the potential targets and mechanism of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula in the treatment of NPM were explored. Finally, molecular docking verification was carried out to analyze the effecacy of key components and potential core targets of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula.Results:Network pharmacological analysis showed that there were 47 active component and 1 692 NPM-related potential targets in Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula, and 235 core targets of NPM in the treatment of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula. The key components of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula in the treatment of NPM include Quercetin, Naringenin, Kaempferol, Diosgenin, Luteolin, etc., with the core targets of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), interleukin-1β (IL-1B), chemokine-8 (CXCL8), chemokine-2 (CCL2), etc. GO enrichment obtained 1 492 biological process entries. The KEGG pathway is enriched to obtain 105 pathways, including the TNF signaling pathway, the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, the NF-kappa B signaling pathway, and the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway, etc. The final molecular docking verified that the key active ingredients of Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula could bind with the potential core targets closely.Conclusion:Xiaoyong Sanjie Formula can treat NPM with multi-component, multi-target characteristics,which plays a role of treating NPM through signaling pathways such as immuno-inflammatory response, the metabolism of the medicine, cellular adaptive stress response, and vascular function regulation.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1278-1286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of the active compounds in Banxia Houpo Decoction treating tension type headache through network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The potentially effective components and targets of Banxia Houpo Decoction were screened by TCMSP, and the action targets of tension type headache were obtained by GeneCards, PharmGKB, TTD, Drugbank and OMIM. The intersection target of "Banxia Houpo Decoction - tension type headache" was obtained by Perl software. The protein interaction network was uploaded to STRING database and topological analysis was carried out. With the help of Cytoscape 3.8.0 software, the visualization network of "Banxia Houpo Decoction - medicine ingredient-Target-tension type headache" was constructed, and the GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the intersection targets were carried out by using R 4.1.0 language and related programs. The AutoDockTools-1.5.6 software was used to complete the molecular docking analysis.Results:There were 33 intersection targets in Banxia Houpo Decoction and tension type headache. Topological attribute analysis suggested that MAPK1, TP53, ESR1, PTGS2, MYC, CYP1A2, CYP3A4 and GSTP1 might be important potential targets of Banxia Houpo Decoction in the prevention and treatment of tension type headache. GO enrichment analysis showed 516 cell biological processes (BP), 62 cell components (CC) and 149 molecular functions (MF). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that there were 94 related signal pathways, such as cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, Cholinergicsynapse, Serotonergic synapse and TNF signaling pathway.Conclusions:Banxia Houpo Decoction has multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway characteristics in the prevention and treatment of tension-type headache. It mainly acts on 5-HT synaptic pathway, TNF signal pathway, cholinergic synaptic pathway, G protein coupled receptor pathway and other pathways through ESR1, TP53, PGTS2 and other multi target.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1157-1163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the ingredients, targets, and mechanisms of Hanchuan Zupa Granules in the treatiment of Influenza A virus.Methods:By using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database Analysis Platform (TCMSP), GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGkb), Therapeutic target database (TTD) and DrugBank database to obtain relevant components and targets of Hanchuan Zupa Granules in the treatment of Influenza A virus; R software was used for the obtain of Hanchuan Zupa Granules -Influenza A virus intersection targets; Cytoscape software was applied for the construction of "Hanchuan Zupa Granules-component-target" network; Protein-protein interaction network (PPI) and topological analysis were constructed by STRING database and Cytoscape software. Intersection targets for gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were conducted by R software; Auto Dock Tools were used for molecular docking.Results:All together 111 potential active ingredients, with corresponding 131 targetswere identified from Hanchuan Zupa Granules in the treatment of Influenza A virus. Quercetin, apigenin, luteolin, kaempferol, wogonin, etc. are included as core ingredients. STAT3, MAPK1, MAPK3, AKT1, JUN, etc. are included as core targets. Intersection targets were mainly enriched in 178 signal pathways such as IL-17 signal pathway, influenza A signal pathway, TNF signal pathway, etc; Molecular docking showed that core component had a good affinity with the target.Conclusion:Hanchuan Zupa Granules could play the role of anti-Influenza A virus with multi-component-multi-target-multi-pathway,characteristics, and this syudy provide a basis for future experimental research on its mechanism.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1028-1036, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the mechanism of Yueju Pill in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The chemical components and action targets of Yueju Pill were screened out by TCMSP platform and HERB, BATMAN-TCM database combined with literature were used to supplement effective components of Vietnam bow. The targets of FD were screened out by GeneCards database and OMIM database, and the intersection of the two targets was used to analyze the protein interactions using the STRING platform to construct the PPI network. Metascape platform was used for GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct a network of "Yueju Pill components-functional dyspepsia targets-pathways". Online mapping tools were used to obtain the Venn plot of the intersection targets of Yueju Pill, FD and its related pathogenesis. Finally, AutoDock software was used for molecular docking.Results:The main active components of Yueju Pill in the treatment of FD are quercetin, wogonin, luteolin, kaempferol, etc. The main targets are AKT1, MAPK1, JUN, RELA, IL6, BCL2, BAX, MAPK8, EGFR, ESR1, etc. Molecular docking shows that the targets and the active components of the Yueju Pill have better binding abilit. The GO enrichment analysis result shows that there are 2 273 biological processes, 152 molecular functions and 91 cell components. KEGG enrichment analysis shows that there are 344 pathways associated with FD. According to literature review, the pathways related to FD include PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, etc.Conclusion:Yueju Pill might act on AKT1, MAPK1, JUN, RELA, IL6, BCL2, BAX, MAPK8, EGFR, ESR1 and other targets to regulate PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathways and IL-17 signaling pathway and it could treat FD.

20.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1037-1043, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of Tongqi Powder in the treatment of Otitis Media with Effusion based on network pharmacology.Methods:TCMSP platform was used to screen out the effective components and targeted proteins of Tongqi Powder, and UniProt database was used to map the targeted genes of it. The related targets of Otitis Media with Effusion were obtained based on OMIM, DisGeNET, GeneCards and other databases, finding that the common target of Tongqi Powder and Otitis Media with Effusion was the predicted target, Then, a medicine- component-target-disease network was obtained by using Cytoscape software. Repeated targets were imported into the STRING platform to construct a PPI network of protein interactions. Go enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the target of Tongqi Powder by Metascape platform.Results:There were 37 effective components and 211 targets of Tongqi Powder, and the key active components included quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, β-sitosterol, etc. There were 1 431 disease targets, 76 co-acting targets of Tongqi Powder and Otitis Media with Effusion, and the key targets included TNF, JUN, AKT1, etc. A total of 273 signal pathways were obtained by enrichment analysis.Conclusion:Tongqi Powder could suppress the development of Otitis Media with Effusion through AGE-RAGE, fluid shear stress, atherosclerosis, cancer pathway, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways.

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