Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 76
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 244-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913119

ABSTRACT

3-iodothyronamine(T1AM)is an endog enous derivative of thyroid hormone. It can also be used as exogenous drug. It can play pharmacological effects such as reducing cardiac output and coronary flow ,slowing heart rate ,promoting lipolysis , reducing basic metabolism and improving learning and memory ability. Its regulatory effect on metabolism is similar to that of thyroxine,but regulatory effect on heart and thermogenic function is opposite to that of thyroxine. As a new chemical messenger , T1AM can exert different pharmacological effects through a variety of receptors and signal pathways. This review summarizes the research progress of various pharmacological effects and mechanisms of exogenous T 1AM,in order to provide new therapeutic drugs of cardiovascular ,metabolic diseases and nervous system diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888171

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine with a long history, which has the functions of tonifying Qi and promoting urination and granulation. Astragalosides are the main effective components of Astragali Radix, and more than 40 triterpenoid saponins have been obtained from Astragalus membranaceus and its related plants, mainly including astragalosides Ⅰ-Ⅷ, isoastragalosides Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅳ, acetylastragalosides, and soyasaponins. Astragalosides have a wide range of biological activities, such as immunomodulation, antioxidation, and neuroprotection. Nervous system diseases seriously affect people's quality of life, threaten human physical and mental health, and impose a burden on families and society. As natural drugs, astragalosides have good preventive and therapeutic effects on central nervous system diseases. This paper reviews the main pharmacological effects and mechanisms of astragalosides in the treatment of multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and cerebral ischemic stroke and proposes the research prospects and potential problems, aiming to provide reference for the clinical application and basic research of astragalosides.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Astragalus propinquus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Nervous System Diseases , Quality of Life , Saponins/pharmacology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879126

ABSTRACT

Isatidis Radix is the dried root of the Isatis indigotica, with pharmacological effects such as heat-clearing and detoxification, cooling blood and pharyngeal relief, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. It is often used clinically to prevent and treat influenza and other diseases. In this paper, relevant domestic and foreign literatures in recent years were summarized, and it was found that Isatidis Radix lignans, indole alkaloids, polysaccharides, etc. were the main active components against influenza virus. Then its pharmacological effects and the mechanism of action were reviewed, providing a basis for in-depth research on the antiviral effect of Isatidis Radix.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Isatis , Orthomyxoviridae , Plant Roots , Polysaccharides
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879036

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is one of traditional Chinese medicines with effects in invigorating Qi for consolidating superficies, inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, promoting pus discharge and tissue regeneration. In recent years, the traditional Chinese medicine fermentation technology has received extensive attentions due to its high efficiency and safety. The pharmacological functions of traditional Chinese medicines could be further enhanced after microbial fermentation, which has a broad development prospects. In this paper, we summarized relevant literatures of Astragali Radix fermentation in such aspects as fermentation strains, fermentation forms, process optimization, active ingredients and pharmacological effects, in the expectation of providing a reference for development and utilization of Astragali Radix.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fermentation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879035

ABSTRACT

Sea buckthorn(Hippophae rhamnoides) is widely distributed, with abundant resources, a long history of application, and rich nutrition and high medicinal value. Therefore, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers at home and abroad. The focus of attention is mainly on sea buckthorn fruit, but with weak research and development of sea buckthorn leaves. In order to develop and utilize abundant resources of sea buckthorn leaves, this paper systematically reviewed domestic and foreign literatures and summarized the current application, harvesting and processing, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of sea buckthorn leaves. Sea buckthorn leaves have a wide development and utilization value in food raw materials(like a substituting-for-tea plant), pharmaceutical raw materials and animal feed. Modern studies have shown that the leaves of sea buckthorn are rich in polysaccharides, flavonoids, polyphenols, triterpenes and steroids, as well as vitamins(especially vitamin C), proteins, amino acids and mineral elements. It has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-obesity, hypoglycemia, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cardiovascular diseases. Domestic and foreign studies have showed that sea buckthorn leaves have important development and utilization prospects, and are worth further study and development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Fruit , Hippophae , Plant Leaves , Polyphenols
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909593

ABSTRACT

Galangal (Alpinia officinaruim Hance) is the rhizome of the perennial herb belonging to Zingiberaceae family. There are many active components in galangal, such as volatile oil, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and glycosides, among which the content of volatile oil is higher. The bioactivities of galangal volatile oil on health effect includesanti-inflammatory, anti-hypertension, anti-oxidation and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a kind of diseases related to circulatory system, which is also called circulatory system diseases. Over the past decade, the number of people dying from CVD has increased by 12.5% worldwide, and it is now the leading cause of human death worldwide. Studies have shown that galangal volatile oil has good pharmacological effects in treating CVD. ① Regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism: studies have found that abnormal lipid metabolism can lead to obesity, diabetes, CVD and other diseases. The serum total triglyceride (TG) content in liver and serum will increase in patients with abnormal fat metabolism. The results showed that the volatile oil of galangal could increase the excretion of neutral cholesterol, significantly reduce liver TG and serum TG, and thus regulate glucose and lipid metabo?lism, prevent lipid deposition and prevent CVD. ② Improving insulin resistance (IR): inhibition of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6 activation and expression of TNF-α, improves IR, thereby protecting myocardium from IR-mediated damage. Through the establishment of endothelial cell injury model induced by high glucose in vitro, it was found that the volatile oil of galangal can significantly reduce the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-αand IL-8, and inhib?it the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 induced by high glucose, suggesting that it has protective effect on endothelial dysfunction and inflammation induced by high glucose.③Regulate blood oxygenation:during acute myocardial hypoxia, the activity of free radical scavenging system is decreased, and oxygen free radicals are produced in large quantity, which reacts with unsaturated fatty acids on the cell membrane and forms lipid peroxidation, resulting in myocardial structural damage. The results showed that the water extract of Galangal could reduce the content of MDA in blood and protect the SOD activity of ischemic and hypoxic myocardium.④ Protective effect of vascular endothelial cells (ES):ES injury is the pathological basis of some cardiovascular diseases. The results showed that the volatile oil of galangal had a protective effect on ES apoptosis. Compared with the morphology and activity of ES treated with oxidized LDL, galan?gal volatile oil could ameliorate these morphological changes and improve cell viability. ⑤ Antiplatelet agglutination:inhibit platelet aggregation and thromboxane release, improve blood circulation, and have obvious anti-thrombotic effect, which has a good effect on the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The results showed that the volatile oil of galangal had inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation and anticoagulant effect. In conclusion, the volatile oil of galangal can be used to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases. Based on the mechanism of CVD, this study summa?rized the role of the essential oil of Alpinia officinaruim in CVD, providing basis for the clinical application of alpiniaoffici?nalis essential oil in the prevention and treatment of CVD and the development of new drugs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906537

ABSTRACT

The root of Tripterygium wilfordii has the effect in dispelling wind and eliminating dampness. Now it is mostly used in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and other diseases. Triptonide is a diterpene small molecule compound extracted from T. wilfordii. In the early years, it was studied as a potential drug with anti-inflammatory and anti-reproductive effects. Recently, researchers found that its anti-tumor effect was particularly prominent because triptonide could inhibit the growth of a variety of tumors with different mechanisms at the nanomole dose, with a potential to be used as a broad-spectrum anti-cancer drug. In addition, due to the low yield from T. wilfordii, low bioavailability due to poor water solubility and anti-reproductive side effect as an antitumor drug, it will become study hotspots to exploring its synthesis and preparation and modifying its structure to reduce cost, improve bioavailability and reduce side effect, while maintaining its pharmacological activity. The authors reviewed domestic and foreign studies and patents on triptonide, and summarized its pharmacological activity and mechanism. It is found that although current studies on triptonide are still in the preliminary stage, there have been increasingly more studies on its anti-tumor mechanism year by year since 2014. This paper mainly introduces the antitumor pharmacological activity and mechanism of triptonide. In addition, it reviews anti-inflammatory, immunosuppression and anti-reproductive pharmacological effect of triptonide, as well as the existing studies on its toxicity, synthesis and structural modification. The authors put forward some personal ideas on its future study direction, in the hope to provide thinking and inspirations for other researchers and provide references for further development and research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906534

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix (AA) is a basic pair of drugs mainly targeting the syndrome characteristics of Qi and blood diseases. LI Dong-yuan's Danggui Buxuetang (DBT) is composed of AA, which is mainly used to tonify Qi and generate blood, with main indications of Qi deficiency and blood deficiency, blood heat and so on. It is favored by doctors because of its refined prescription and remarkable curative effect. However, there are many compatibility ratios of AA in different prescriptions in ancient books, and their efficacy and indications are also slightly different. This research showed that DBT also had the effect of invigorating Qi and activating blood, and the previous study of the group showed that 3∶1 compatibility ratio of the two herbs in the total amount of 36 g had more obvious effect of invigorating Qi and activating blood. By consulting the relevant literature, it was found that the drug pair had a certain effect of invigorating Qi and activating blood in various compatibility ratios such as 1∶1, 3∶1, 1∶5, 3∶2, 2∶1, 5∶1. The corresponding pharmacological effect mainly included regulating the energy metabolism of substances, regulating immune function, reducing blood viscosity, anti-oxidation stress, anti-inflammation, lowering blood lipids, lowering blood sugar, protecting heart function, protecting blood vessel wall, intervening angiogenesis, fighting against organ tissue fibrosis and so on. Regardless of the AA single-medicine's activating blood effect and the theory that "Qi circulation leads to blood circulation" or the drug pair's manifestation in modern pharmacological effects, all of these have confirmed that AA's effect of invigorating Qi and activating blood does exist, and the difference of action performance caused by different ratios of AA is closely related to dosage and proportion, which needs further study. Based on the study focusing on the effect of tonifying Qi and generating blood, it is easy to ignore the effect of invigorating Qi and activating blood, which limits the clinical application of the latter. Therefore, the tonifying Qi and activating blood circulation effect of the drug pair is reviewed in this paper, so as to provide a theoretical basis for its clinical rational drug use and related research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906505

ABSTRACT

Stroke is a destructive cerebrovascular event caused by the interruption of cerebral blood flow caused by the blockage or rupture of cerebral vessels, which is easy to cause physical disability and multiple functional injuries. The mortality rate of stroke patients in China occupies the first place in the world. How to effectively treat stroke is one of the urgent health problems to be solved. In the clinic, academician WANG Yong-yan observed that 60% of stroke patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome. Most of the patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome are characterized by stagnation of stool, bad breath and dry pharynx, and so on, After clinical practice, Xinglou Chengqi decoction (XLCQD) was established to treat stroke patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome. XLCQD is one of the representative prescriptions for removing phlegm to relax bowels, which is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Natrii Sulfas, Trichosanthis Fructus and Arisaema Cum Bile by the ratio of 5∶5∶15∶3. At present, the research on XLCQD is mainly focused on clinical observation and pharmacological mechanism, while the basic research of its pharmacodynamic substance is relatively weak. This paper intends to sort out the chemical composition and pharmacological mechanism of XLCQD, in order to provide the basis for the chemical component identification, drug target prediction and material basis screening of this compound in the later stage. In addition, through the case analysis of XLCQD and modified XLCQD in the treatment of stroke, its rules of clinical application were summarized, in order to provide reference for the clinical application of this compound.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906380

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are one of the major diseases endangering human health, and its morbidity and mortality are still in the rising stage in our country. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections play an important role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases due to their advantages of rapid onset, remarkable curative effect, and convenient use. Among them, Danhong injection (DHI), a Chinese medicine injection for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, is widely used in the clinical treatment of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. DHI is composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen in Chinese) and Carthami Flos (Honghua in Chinese), and mainly contains phenolic acids, tanshinones and flavonoids. A large number of studies have shown that DHI has a significant effect in the treatment of ischemic cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, is a representative drug of co-therapy of brain and heart of TCM, its pharmacological effects related to many aspects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, anti-coagulation. At the same time, Other studies have also explained the protective effects of DHI on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases through the overall regulation and intervention of multiple targets and pathways. However, DHI has a wide range of clinical applications, there are still many unknown pharmacological effects to be further explored. Therefore, this article summarizes the current researches on the chemical components of DHI, the multi-target and multi-path pharmacological mechanisms of DHI in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and introduces the latest pharmacological research progress, so as to provide theoretical guidance for clinical rational drug use and subsequent in-depth research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906228

ABSTRACT

Danggui Liuhuang Tang, as one of classical traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, has been used by major medical experts in clinic since Jin and Yuan dynasties. After review and summarization of relevant literatures on the pharmacological effects and clinical application of Danggui Liuhuang Tang, it was found that Danggui Liuhuang Tang has a wide range of pharmacological activities, and exerts its anti-inflammatory and anti-insulin resistance effects mainly by inhibiting the production of inflammatory factors, such as tumor necrosis factor and interleukin and activating related pathways. In addition, Danggui Liuhuang Tang inhibits the occurrence and development of hepatic fibrosis by attenuating proinflammatory signaling and extracellular matrix accumulation with multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. Danggui Liuhuang Tang has been widely used in sweat syndromes, with an obvious effect in the treatment of thyroid diseases, diabetes, respiratory tract and other diseases. This paper reviews and summarizes the pharmacological effects and clinical application of Danggui Liuhuang Tang,in an attempt to provide some valuable clues for the subsequent development of Danggui Liuhuang Tang.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906226

ABSTRACT

Astragalus membranaceus has the effect of tonifying Qi and solid surface, diuretic support poison, discharging pus and astringent sores to produce muscle. It is not only used for syndromes such as deficiency of lung and temper, deficiency of spleen and diarrhea, but also for stroke, chest obstruction and other diseases. Due to the complex chemical composition and diverse pharmacological effect of Astragalus membranaceus, and the main role in invigorating qi and activating blood circulation has not been clarified. Astragaloside Ⅳ is one of its main active ingredients. In recent years, more and more studies on Astragaloside Ⅳ have been conducted at home and abroad. It has been reported that it has the medicinal value of enhancing immune function, strengthening heart and lowerin blood glucose, diuresis, anti-aging and anti-fatigue, et al, and has extensive pharmacological activity. Among them, the role of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in particular has attracted increasing attention. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are ischemic or hemorrhagic diseases occurring in the heart, brain and systemic tissues due to blood viscosity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, etc., including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Such diseases are a serious threat to mankind and are the leading cause of death worldwide. At present, western medicine is the main treatment, with many adverse reactions and poor long-term prognosis. TCM believes that the imbalance of qi and blood is the basic pathogenesis of this kind of disease. Qi deficiency and blood stasis are more common.At present, Astragaloside Ⅳ in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in a number of studies, and achieved some results, but this review in recent years, Astragaloside Ⅳ in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases play the pharmacological activity, in order to explore whether Astragaloside Ⅳ is the main role of astragalus qi to find a theoretical basis for material basis, but also for the innovation of traditional Chinese medicine drug research and development of theoretical basis and practical guidance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906161

ABSTRACT

Zexietang is derived from Jingui Yaolue (《金匮要略》), which is composed of Alismatis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, and has the effect of inducing diuresis and invigorating the spleen to produce water. Compared with western medicine in the treatment of related diseases, Zexietang can not only improve the curative effect, but also reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions, so as to achieve long-term stable administration. The authors sorted out and analyzed the chemical composition, pharmacological effect and clinical application of Zexietang in recent years. It was found that the main active components of Zexietang were alismol A and B, 23-acetyl-alismol B and C, atractylenolides (atractylenolide Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ) and polysaccharides. Pharmacological experiments showed that they had diuretic, hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory and others. And it can be used in the treatment of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, vertigo, cerebral vascular insufficiency and other diseases combined with other Chinese materia medica, and the curative effect is obvious. By summarizing the research status of Zexietang in recent years, its active components and pharmacological mechanism can be further clarified, which provides the basis for the clinical application of Zexietang and guides the direction of its further research.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906129

ABSTRACT

Sanrentang, originally contained in the Regulations on Febrile Diseases written by WU Ju-tong in the Qing dynasty, was composed of eight traditional Chinese herbs to treat damp-warm diseases. It is a treatment method of gradually clearing away damp heat of tri-jiao, with characteristics of separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge. "Separating dispersion" means dispersion in separated ways, with different ways to eliminate dampness to export the dampness, heat, evil and turbid out of the body. "Mobilizing discharge" means discharge to stretch and unblock the Qi, to get rid of dampness and evil. It can be seen, Sanrentang, as a desiccating formula, taking "separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge" as the cubic basis, has a significant effect on both internal and external dampness associated with pathogenic heat syndrome, and its clinical application is quite extensive. After consulting the data of the past 10 years, the authors gave a brief overview on the syndrome theory, clinical application and pharmacological effects of Sanrentang, and elaborated the therapeutic effect and pharmacological effect of Sanrentang in the clinical application of upper, middle and lower Tri-jiao respectively, providing theoretical reference for effective development and utilization of Sanrentang. Coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19) swept the world in early 2020 and it is a great challenge for the medical community to seek for effective prevention and treatment methods. For COVID-19, although the cause of the disease belongs to the Qi of "pestilence", many doctors have different opinions on the pathogenic characteristics. However, they all agree with the clinical characteristics of "dampness". COVID-19, which has the attribute of "dampness evil", is so sticky that it can't be cured at once. In addition to the main symptoms such as fever and cough, it is also characterized by the middle-jiao dampness symptoms such as poor appetite, fullness of abdomen, loose stool and diarrhea. It is worthy to further explore the application prospect of Sanrentang in COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906038

ABSTRACT

Paeoniae Radix Rubra is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, it is mostly wild and widely distributed in different areas of China. In addition, the plant of Paeoniae Radix Rubra also has ornamental value. Modern phytochemical researches showed that the chemical constituents of Paeoniae Radix Rubra were complex. Up to now, more than 300 chemical constituents have been found, mainly including monoterpene glycosides, triterpenoids, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic acids, saccharides, steroids, volatile oils and so on. Among them, the content of monoterpene glycosides was the highest, and the types of volatile oil were the most. Paeoniae Radix Rubra has a wide range of pharmacological effects, exerting different curative effects in multiple systems such as blood, cardiovascular, nervous and digestive system. It can protect myocardial cells and nerve cells, stabilize microcirculation, anti-endotoxin, anti-atherosclerosis, reduce pulmonary hypertension, anti-depression, protect liver, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-tumor, slow down aging, treat Parkinson's syndrome and diabetes and its complications, anti-radiation, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus and so on. Through reviewing the literature on chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Paeoniae Radix Rubra, it was found that total glycosides and monomers such as paeoniflorin, albiflorin, benzoylpaeoniflorin and gallic acid may be the main active components of Paeoniae Radix Rubra. At present, the research on Paeoniae Radix Rubra mainly focused on monoterpene glycosides, while the research on flavonoids and volatile oil in Paeoniae Radix Rubra was less. It is suggested that research on these two components should be strengthened in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905950

ABSTRACT

Polydatin, a polyphenolic compound, is the main active component of Chinese medicine Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix and has a variety of pharmacological activities. In recent years, there are more studies on the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of polydatin. Modern pharmacological studies show that polydatin has protective effects on the nervous system, cardio-cerebral vascular system, and respiratory system, and also has significant effects on the liver, kidney, lung, and other organs. Its effect of regulating blood glucose and blood lipid on atherosclerosis is significant, and the anti-fibrosis effect is significant on the liver and kidney. Polydatin can inhibit many types of tumor cells, suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. Polydatin can also resist inflammation and radiation, protect bone marrow, and promote wound healing. Based on the literature on the pharmacological effects of polydatin, the authors found that the single pharmacological mechanism of polydatin is often regulated by multi-target proteins and multiple pathways, but the most of action targets are unclear, which needs to be further investigated. This study summarized the research progress on the pharmacological action and mechanism of polydatin in the past five years and put forward some suggestions on its present research situation and future research direction to broaden the research ideas of researchers and speed up the identification of the targets of its pharmacological effect. This study is expected to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the further development and utilization of polydatin.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921626

ABSTRACT

Bile of animal(mainly chicken, pig, snake, cow, and bear) has long been used as medicine. As the major active components of bile, bile acids mainly include cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid. They interact with intestinal microorganisms in enterohepatic circulation, thereby playing an important part in nutrient absorption and allocation, metabolism regulation, and dynamic balance. Bile acids have pharmacological effects such as protecting liver, kidney, heart, brain, and nerves, promoting bile secretion, dissolving gallstones, anti-cancer, relieving cough and dyspnea, dispelling phlegm, treating eye diseases, and regulating intestinal function and blood glucose, which are widely used in clinical practice. This study summarized and analyzed the research on the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of bile acids from medicinal animals, in a bid to provide scientific basis and reference for the further development and utilization of bile acids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Cattle , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Cholic Acids , Deoxycholic Acid , Female , Swine , Ursodeoxycholic Acid
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873075

ABSTRACT

Four commonly used medicinal plants of genus Ilex, including I. pubescens, I. asprella, I. rotunda, and I. latifolia, have been extensively used in clinic. The Ilex plants contain triterpenes and their glycosides, flavones, phenols and other compositions, and their have the pharmacological activities of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antithrombosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection, etc. Among them, I. pubescens has significant pharmacological activities in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, but there are few studies on clinical application. There are a few literature reports on the anti-inflammatory, lowering blood lipids, anti-oxidation, anti-bacterial and anti-viral activities of I. asprella, which is clinically used in the treatment of upper respiratory diseases and infectious diseases. I. rotunda has strong activities of antithrombosis and anti-inflammatory, it is clinically used for the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. I. latifolia shows activities of hypolipidemic, antitumor, antibacterial and antioxidant, and its leaves are often used in the treatment of hypertension. This review summarized the research progress on the pharmacological effects and clinical applications of commonly used medicinal plants of this genus in recent years, in order to provide basis for their clinical applications, and provide useful reference for the further development of the research direction and the development of medicines and health products.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872908

ABSTRACT

Imperatorin, which is extracted from umbelliferous plants such as Radix Angelicae Dahuricae, Radix Saposhnikoviae and Fructus Cnidii, belongs to furanocoumarins and is especially rich in Radix Angelicae Dahuricae. Research has shown that imperatorin possesses functions of anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antibactrial, antiviral, antiallergic, anti-tumor, reverse drug resistance in tumor cells, interaction with drug metabolizing enzymes, affecting cardiovascular and nervous system effect. It is also one of the standard components in quality control of various analgesics. In recent years, research findings related to imperatorin is increasing fast. A number of patent applications have been approved for the application of imperatorin in the treatment of anti-tumor and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, since the water insolubility of imperatorin affects its bioavailability, most researchers have gradually attached importance to this aspect of research, such as modifying its structure or synthesizing its derivatives. The literatures on the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of imperatorin at home and abroad in recent years were consulted and summarized in this paper. Imperatorin was found not only to display other pharmacological effects like furanocoumarins but also could cure osteoporosis, skin diseases and show photosensitization. Moreover, the mechanism of its action has the effect of multi-pathway and multi-target, but most of the studies have not identified its targets, which still needs further study. Extensive and significant pharmacological effect make imperatorin show a great potential for development of new drugs. This paper reviews the basic properties, the progress on pharmacological effects and mechanisms of imperatorin, proposes the research status and direction of future reseach. Hopes to provide ideas for researchers and beneficial references for the future development and utilization of imperatorin.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872842

ABSTRACT

Foeniculi Fructus is warm and spicy in nature and belongs to the liver, kidney, spleen and stomach meridians with the function of dispersing cold and relieving pain, regulating Qi-flowing and harmonizing stomach, and can be used as medicine and food. This article summarized the historical evolution of processing of Foeniculi Fructus by consulting the relevant books since the Han dynasty, the Chinese Pharmacopoeia as well as the processing norms of provinces and cities, and summarized the chemical compositions and pharmacological effects of Foeniculi Fructus by reviewing literatures at home and abroad, then it found that Foeniculi Fructus mainly contains essential oil, flavonoids, phenols and fatty acids, has certain effects on human visceral system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, immune system and chemotherapy, including the functions of regulating gastrointestinal function, analgesia, anti-inflammatory, etc. Among them, the main chemical components that play the pharmacodynamic effect are volatile oil, flavonoids and phenols, and the chemical components and pharmacological effects in Foeniculi Fructus before and after processing will have corresponding changes, which can provide reference for the further study of Foeniculi Fructus in processing principle, pharmacodynamic substance basis and pharmacological mechanism.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL