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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905829

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this article was to observe the effect of modified Shengjiangsan on podocyte apoptosis in membranous nephropathy (MN) rats, to explore the molecular mechanism of its treatment of MN and to provide experimental basis for its clinical application. Method:The MN rat model was established by injection of cationic bovine serum albumin into the tail vein of rats. The successfully modeled rats were then randomly divided into model group (equal volume of normal saline), modified Shengjiangsan group (27.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and benazepril group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with corresponding drug dosage once a day for 4 weeks of continuous intervention. After drug administration, the 24-hour urine protein (UTP) was detected. Real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and immunohistochemical (IHC) methods were used to detect Podocalyxin, Nephrin, Podocin, Synaptopodin mRNA and protein expression levels in rat kidney tissue. terninal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase medsated nick and labeling (TUNEL) method was used to detect cell apoptosis rate in rat kidney tissue, and Western blot was used to detect Notch1, Hes1, B lymphoblastoma-2 (Bcl-2) associated X protein (Bax), and Bcl-2 protein expression levels in rat kidney tissue. Result:Compared with the normal group, UTP in the model group increased significantly, renal tissue cell apoptosis increased significantly, podocyte marker proteins podocalyxin, Nephrin, Podocin, Synaptopodin mRNA and protein expression levels decreased significantly, and Notch1, Hes1, Bax protein expression increased significantly, and Bcl-2 protein expression was significantly reduced(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, UTP levels in MN rats were significantly reduced in modified Shengjiangsan and benazepril groups, with reduced rate of renal cell apoptosis, increased mRNA and protein expression levels of podocalyxin, Nephrin, Podocin, and Synaptopodin in renal tissue, decreased Notch1, Hes1, Bax protein expression, and increased Bcl-2 protein expression(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Shengjiangsan can inhibit the Notch signaling pathway, reduce the apoptosis of rat kidney tissue podocytes, and reduce the kidney injury of MN rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639891

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical value on the detection of urinary podocyte marker protein podocalyxin(PCX) in children with nephritic syndrome(NS) and Schonlein-Henoch purpura nephritis(HSPN).MethodsUrinary samples voided in the morning were obtained from 14 healthy children and 75 children with NS or HSPN or Schonlein-Henoch purpura(HSP),including 21 children with NS in the acute phrase,14 children with NS in the catabasis,16 children with HSPN in the acute phrase,14 children with HSPN in the catabasis,10 children with common HSP,and 14 healthy children for control group.And urinary PCX content of the first morning urine was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).SPSS 13.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results1.The levels of PCX content were significantly higher in the urine from children with any case of NS and HSPN compared with those in the control group(P≤0.009),but there was no obvious difference between common HSP children and children in the control group(P=0.754).2.The level of urinary PCX content in acute phrase of NS was(0.593?0.271) ?g/L,in the catabasis of NS was(0.162?0.093) ?g/L,there were significant difference(P=0).The level of urinary PCX content in acute phrase of HSPN was(1.822?1.342) ?g/L,in the catabasis of HSPN it was(0.236?0.141) ?g/L,which was significantly different(P=0.004).The level of urinary PCX content in common HSP was(0.089?0.061) ?g/L,there were significant difference in any case of HSPN(Pa

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