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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758885


To diagnose colibacillosis, detection of O-serogroups and virulence genes has been recommended worldwide. The prevalence of virulence factors can fluctuate over time. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of O-serogroups, virulence genes, and F18 subtypes among pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from weaned piglets with diarrhea in Korea. Between 2008 and 2016, 362 E. coli were isolated from weaned piglets with diarrhea. Hemolysis was determined in blood agar, and O-serogroups were identified using the slide agglutination technique. The genes for the toxins and fimbriae were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Real-time PCR was conducted to discriminate between F18 subtypes. Although the most prevalent serogroup was O149 (11.3%) in the last 9 years, O139 (19.1%) became the most prevalent in recent years (2015–2016). The most predominant pathotype was enterotoxigenic E. coli (61.3%). The frequencies of Shiga-like toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) (23.4%), O139 (19.1%), Stx2e (35.1%), and F18ab (48.7%) increased over the most recent years. Although enterotoxigenic E. coli was the most predominant pathotype, the frequencies of O139, Stx2e, STEC, and F18ab have increased in recent years. These results demonstrate that there have been temporal changes in the predominant O-serogroups and virulence genes over the last decade in Korea. These findings can be practicable for use in epidemiology and control measures for enteric colibacillosis in Korean piggeries.

Agar , Agglutination , Diarrhea , Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli , Epidemiology , Escherichia coli , Escherichia , Hemolysis , Korea , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serogroup , Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli , Virulence Factors , Virulence
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 90(1): 439-448, Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886884


ABSTRACT A total 120 piglets with an average live weight of 7.00 kg, weaned at 21 days, were used to evaluate the effect of neutral detergent fibre levels on the digestibility of nutrients and energy from the diets, productive performance, and the composition and rate of deposition of nutrients and energy in the bodies of piglets in the nursery phase. The animals were distributed according to a randomized-block design into five treatments, which consisted of neutral detergent fibre levels, with six replicates and four animals per plot. A quadratic effect was detected for the digestibility coefficients of nutrients and energy, feed intake and weight gain. The increase in fibre level promoted a linear increase in fat content in the carcass, blood, and body, whereas the energy in the carcass, organs, and body showed an inverse response. The results showed a quadratic effect on the nutrient deposition rate in the carcass, organs and body. In conclusion, the best digestibility of nutrients and energy from the diet is obtained with 10-11.5% neutral detergent fibre, as higher weight gain and greater protein deposition in the body are achieved at neutral detergent fibre levels of 10.6% and 10.3%, respectively.

Animals , Male , Swine/physiology , Dietary Fiber/pharmacology , Digestion/physiology , Animal Feed/analysis , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Time Factors , Energy Intake/physiology , Weight Gain , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Diet , Animals, Newborn
Int. j. morphol ; 31(3): 991-996, set. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-694991


The purpose of this study was to analyze the macroscopic morphometry of the ovaries, uterus and vagina in rabbit does in the first, second and third parturition at 24 hours post-weaning in order to determine if there are differences between parturitions. Weaning of the litter was performed at 30 days post-partum and 24 hours later the does were euthanized. Right and left ovaries, uterine horns-cervix and vagina were removed, and the length of each one was measured. Significant differences were found in the average of the right ovary length between the first group with respect to second and third parturition group (P 0.05 and P 0.01). Also, left ovary length was different between the first and second with respect to third parturition group (P <0.001). Average total ovary length increased significantly as the number of parturitions increased in second and third parturition groups (P 0.01 and P0.001). The weight of the left and right ovaries was higher in does in their second and third parturition when compared to those in their first (P 0.5; P 0.01). The average total ovary weight increased significantly as the number of parturitions in second and third parturition groups (P0.001). The length of the left and right uterine horn-cervix of the rabbits after second and third parturition decreased when compared to that of females in their first parturition (P 0.05; P0.001). The average total uterine horns-cervix length decreased significantly as the number of parturitions in second and third parturition groups (P0.001). Furthermore, vagina length in females in their third parturition was greater than that of first and second parturition (P 0.01).The color of the vulva of the majority of females in their first parturition (3/4) was pale pink while. In contrast, the majority of females in their second parturition (3/4) had their vulva intensely red. All of the females (4/4) in the third parturition group had their vulva intensely red...

El propósito de este estudio fue analizar la morfometría macroscópica de los ovarios, útero y vagina en conejas de primero, segundo y tercer parto a las 24 horas post-destete con el propósito de determinar si existen diferencias entre los partos. El destete de la camada se realizó a los 30 días después del parto y 24 horas después fueron eutanasiadas. De cada animal se removieron los ovarios derecho e izquierdo, cuernos-cuello uterinos derecho e izquierdo y la vagina y se midió la longitud de cada uno de los órganos genitales. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en la longitud del ovario derecho entre el grupo de primer parto con respecto al de segundo y tercer parto (P 0,05 y P 0,01). Además, la longitud media de ovario izquierdo fue significativamente diferente entre el grupo de primero y segundo parto con respecto al de tercer parto (P <0,001). La longitud total de los ovarios aumentó con el número de partos y fue mayor en los grupos de segundo y tercer parto (P 0,01 y P 0,001). El peso de los ovarios derecho e izquierdo fue mayor en el grupo de segundo y tercer parto al compararlo con el de primero parto (P 0,5; P 0,01). Por otra parte, el peso total de los ovarios aumentó en los grupos de segundo y tercer parto (P 0,001). La longitud del cuerno-cuello uterino izquierdo y derecho de los grupos de segundo y tercer parto disminuyó al compararlo con el de las hembras de primer parto (P 0,05; P 0,001). La longitud total del cuerno-cuello uterino izquierdo y derecho disminuyó significativamente en las hembras de segundo y tercer parto (P 0,001). La longitud de la vagina de hembras de tercer parto fue mayor que la de primero y segundo parto (P 0,01). El color de la vulva de la mayoría de las hembras de primer parto (3/4) fue rosa pálido. En contraste, la mayoría de las hembras en su segundo parto (3/4) presentaron vulva de color rojo intenso. Todas las hembras del grupo de tercer parto (4/4) presentaron vulva de color rojo intenso...

Animals , Female , Rabbits , Rabbits/anatomy & histology , Genitalia, Female/anatomy & histology , Postpartum Period , Weaning
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 49(2): 102-110, 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-687581


Foi realizado um ensaio com o objetivo de avaliar o uso de mananoligossacarídeo (MOS) em dietas para leitões na fase de creche, quanto ao desempenho, incidência de diarreia e parâmetros sanguíneos. Foram comparados diferentes níveis de MOS (0, 0,1 e 0,2%) em dietas para leitões desmamados aos 21 dias de idade com peso de 5,28±0,90 kg, sendo utilizados 72 animais da linhagem comercial Topigs (36 machos castrados e 36 fêmeas). Utilizou-se o delineamento em blocos ao acaso para controlar diferenças iniciais de peso. Os resultados demonstraram que a inclusão de MOS nas dietas de leitões recém desmamados não promoveu melhoras no ganho diário de peso, no consumo diário de ração e na conversão alimentar. Embora tenha sido observada redução na incidência de diarreia nos animais alimentados com dieta contendo 0,2% de MOS, a adição deste prebiótico não proporcionou melhores desempenho e resposta imunológica dos leitões. Com estes resultados, não é possível recomendar a adição de nenhum nível do produto avaliado.

An assay was carried out to evaluate the use of mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) in piglet diets on performance, diarrhea incidence and blood parameters. Different levels of MOS inclusion (0, 0.1 and 0.2%) for pig diets were compared. A total of 72 piglets of Topigs lineage weaned at 21 days of age with 5.28±0.90 kg of live weight were used. It was used a randomized block design to control differences between initial weights of replicates. The results show that MOS inclusion in weaning pig diets did not promote better results on daily weight gain, daily feed intake and feed conversion. Although reduction in diarrhea incidence was observed in animals fed with 0.2% MOS diet, this prebiotic did not improve the immune response of piglets. Any level of MOS evaluated is recommended for piglets.

Animals , Diet/veterinary , Swine/classification , Weight Gain/physiology , Weaning
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 60(4): 815-820, ago. 2008. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-489821


A técnica de imunoperoxidase em monocamada de células (IPMC) para demonstração de anticorpos contra o circovírus suíno tipo 2 (CVS2) foi empregada para a investigação sorológica em oito granjas de suínos destinadas à produção comercial. Das 240 amostras de soros testadas, 229 (95,4%) foram reagentes com títulos que variaram de 20 até 10.240. Títulos de anticorpos foram detectados nas faixas etárias de duas a três semanas até animais acima de 24 semanas e encontrados em granjas com e sem a síndrome multissistêmica do definhamento (SMD). A média dos títulos de anticorpos revelou diferenças estatísticas (P<0,05) nas faixas etárias de 11 a 13 e 14 a 22 semanas nos animais oriundos de granjas com e sem a SMD. Os resultados refletem a importância de conhecer o perfil sorológico do rebanho e assegurar a implantação de um efetivo cronograma de vacinação contra o CVS2.

The immunoperoxidase in monolayer cells (IPMC) technique for the demonstration of antibodies against type 2 porcine circovirus (PCV2) was used for the serological investigation in eight industrial swine farms. Out of the 240 tested sera, 229 (95,4%) were reactive with titers which varied from 20 up to 10.240. Titers of antibodies were detected in pigs from two to three weeks of age up to above 24 weeks of age, and were observed in farms with and without clinical signs indicative of the post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Analysing the mean titers, statistical differences (P<0.05) were evidentiated in two age intervals, of 11 to 13 and 14 to 22 weeks of age. The results indicate the importance of determining the serological profiles of commercial swine herds, in order to enable the implantation of effective hygiene and vaccination protocols for PCV2 prevention.

Animals , Circovirus , Porcine Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome , Serology , Swine , Immunoenzyme Techniques/veterinary
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555360


Objective:To observe the growth and development of the weaned mice fed with different levels of dietary zinc and to explore the expression of zinc transporter 3(ZnT3) mRNA induced by different dietary zinc intakes. Methods: Twenty male weaned mice (postnatal day 21) were divided into 4 groups: zinc deficient (ZD), zinc adequate(ZA), zinc supplemental (ZS) and pair fed(PF). Mice were fed with different levels of dietary zinc for 3 weeks (from postnatal day 21 to postnatal day 42) ;the zinc contents of ZD, ZA, ZS and PF group were 1 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg, 180 mg/kg and 180 mg/kg respectively. From postnatal day 21 to postnatal day 42, the diet intakes and weight of the mice were measured everyday. On postnatal day 42, the mice were sacrificed and tissues were immediately isolated and frozen lor RNA extraction. The serum zinc concentrations were measured by AAS and the expression of ZnT3 mRNA was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Results: The dietary intakes and weight of ZD mice were much lower than that of other groups(P3

Ciênc. rural ; 25(3): 431-436, 1995. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-529523


Foram identificados em 9 granjas suinícolas do Sudoeste do Paraná, no período do verão e inverno de 1991, os principais fatores de risco que interferem no desempenho dos leitões após o desmame. Foram avaliados todos os lotes de leitões, no mínimo 30 leitões por granja, durante o período do desmame até 21 dias após. Foram analisadas 3 variáveis objetivas: mortalidade, diarreia e ganho médio diário e 7 variáveis explicativas: peso médio ao desmame, coeficiente de variação do peso, amplitude térmica, energia consumida pela porca, potabilidade da água, diarréia no aleitamento e lotação. As variáveis foram analisadas através do programa estatístico ECOPOR. Os fatores de risco com maior frequência foram as variações térmicas diárias superiores a 6°C, contaminação bacteriana da água e ocorrência de diarreia durante o aleitamento. Em mais de 50 por cento das granjas foi detectado baixo peso médio e desuniformidade das leitegadas. Pela análise dos fatores de risco, as granjas foram localizadas em um mapa dividido em regiões de risco para o aparecimento de diarréias pós-desmame.

The main risk factors that interfered on the performance of post weaning piglets were identified in nine farms from Southwest of Paraná State, Brazil, during the Summer and Winter of 1991. All the herd were evaluated, with at least 30 piglets per farm, from weaning up to 21 days after weaning. The software ECOPOR was used to evaluate three target variables (mortality, diarrhea and average daily gain), and seven explanatory variables (average weaning weight, weight variation coefficient, thermal amplitude, sow energy consumption, water potability, diahrrea in the suckling period and housing density). The risk factors with higher frequency were daily thermal amplitude higher than 6°C, bacterial contamination of the drinking water, and the occurrence of diarrhea in the suckling period. Im more than 50 percent of the farms, low mean gain and differences in litter size were observed. Based on the analyses of the risk factors, a map classifying regions with different risk of post weaning diarrhea was constructed and the farms were allocated.