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1.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 42(1): 31-36, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441374

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores cardíacos primarios se caracterizan por su baja prevalencia, son principalmente mixomas y se presentan frecuentemente de forma asintomática. Objetivos: Identificar el tipo histológico más común, edad de presentación, tipo de cirugías y sobrevida de un grupo de pacientes tratados por Tumores Cardíacos Primarios (TCP) en el Hospital Regional de Temuco. Métodos: Revisión de fichas clínicas de 14 pacientes portadores de TCP entre marzo 2015 y diciembre 2021. Resultados: El tipo histológico más común fue el mixoma (85,7%), seguido por el fibroelastomas papilar (14,3%). La edad promedio fue 62 años (39-85), 9 fueron mujeres y 5 hombres. Los antecedentes mórbidos más comunes fueron: Insuficiencia Cardíaca Congestiva (ICC), Hipertensión Arterial (HTA) y Accidente Vascular Encefálico (AVE). La localización anatómica más común fue la Aurícula izquierda (92%). El tratamiento en el 92% de los casos fue resección aislada y en el 7% restante resección y reparación con parche. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados son concordantes con la literatura.


Background: primary cardiac tumors are characterized by a low prevalence. Most of them are myxomas and asymptomatic. Aim: To describe the most common histological type, the age of presentation, type of surgery performed and survival of a group of patients operated on for Primary Cardiac Tumors (PCT) in the Hospital Regional de Temuco (Chile). Methods: Review of clinical records of 14 patients with PCT operated on between March 2015 and December 2021. Results: By far the most common histological type was a myxoma (85.7%), followed by a papillary fibroelastoma (14.3%). Mean age was 62 years (39-85), 9 were women and 5 men. The most common associated medical conditions were Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Arterial Hypertension and Stroke The usual anatomical location was the left atrium (92%). Surgical treatment was isolated resection in 92% of cases and along with a patch repair in the remaining patient. Conclusion: good results were obtained, similar to those described in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thoracic Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Survival Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma/surgery , Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Myxoma/surgery , Myxoma/epidemiology
2.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 489-494, sep.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357218

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los tumores cardiacos son inhabituales en la edad pediátrica; de ellos, el rabdomioma es el más prevalente. Su curso suele ser benigno. Los casos sintomáticos obedecen a su efecto mecánico obstructivo o a la presencia de arritmias. No es común su asociación con cardiopatías congénitas. Se presenta el caso de un lactante con rabdomiomas múltiples dentro del complejo de esclerosis tuberosa y portador de tetralogía de Fallot con estenosis infundibulovalvular grave, quien presentó crisis de hipoxia que requirió valvuloplastia pulmonar percutánea, la cual se complicó por arritmia supraventricular y tuvo un desenlace fatal.


Abstract Cardiac tumors are rare in pediatrics, and when they occur, rhabdomyomas are the most prevalent. They are generally benign; symptomatic cases are due to mechanical obstruction or arrhythmias. They are not commonly associated with congenital heart disease. We present the case of an infant with multiple rhabdomyomas as part of tuberous sclerosis complex, and tetralogy of Fallot with severe infundibular and valvular stenosis, who presented a hypoxic crisis requiring percutaneous pulmonary valvuloplasty which was complicated by supraventricular arrythmia and had a fatal outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhabdomyoma , Tetralogy of Fallot , Tuberous Sclerosis
3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202840

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tumors of the heart represent an exceedinglyrare entity in cardiac surgery and literature regardingmanagement and outcome is less in comparison to other fieldsof cardiac surgery. 12 years of our experience in both diagnosisand optimal surgical treatment of this small but rare collectionof patients was formed into a detailed analysis of patientprognosis, mean survival and risk of tumor relapse matchedto the corresponding pathology. The overall objective of thepresent study was a thorough characterization of both primarycardiac tumor or tumor like mass and secondary malignanttumor mass in cardiac chambers, their nature as well as ageand gender distribution and management.Material and methods: 17 patients with cardiac tumors,who underwent open-heart surgery at Medical College andHospitals, Kolkata, for tumor excision between 2007 and2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Mean follow-up wasfrom 11 to 1 years.Results: There were 2 males and 15 female patients rangingin age from 7 years to 60 years, median age being 47 years.12 of these tumors were primary left atrial myxoma, 2 wereright atrial myxoma, 1 was right ventricular fibroma, 1 wasintravenous extension into right atrium of renal cell carcinomaand 1 was multiple inflammatory pseudo tumors in leftventricle. Overall operative survival was 88.3%. Operativemortality was 11.7%.Conclusion: Cardiac tumors remain challenging in theclinical setting. Early operation is recommended afterechocardiographic diagnosis as such patients can have suddendeath or severe cardiac failure during preoperative waitingperiod. Follow up should be maintained based upon thehistopathological diagnosis.

4.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 37-39, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508190

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarise the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment experience of primary cardiac tumours treated by tumorectomy under extracorporeal circulation .Methods The clinical data of 352 patients with primary cardiac tumors in our hospital from January 1980 to December 2015,who received surgical treatment of tumorectomy under extracorporeal circulation were retrospectively ana -lyzed.Results Among the 352 cases in all, there were 338 cases (96%) of benign tumor, including 309 cases (87.8%) of myxoma and 14 cases (4.0%) of malignant tumor.There were 4 cases of perioperative death, and all the 4 cases were malignant tumor.Conclusion Myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor ,and the best solution for the cardiac benign tumor is surgery .However , the effect of sur-gical operation on malignant cardiac tumors was poor .

6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Echocardiography ; : 72-84, 1995.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741242

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Primary cardiac tumors are rare, being found in approimately 1 in 10,000 to 33 in 1,000 routine autopsies in patients of all ages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the status of primary cardiac tumor in Korea, Their clinical and pathological characteristics. We analysed our 13 cases of primary cardiac tumors confirmed by operative findings, and all cases which were published in several literatures. METHOD: Thirteen cases of primary cardiac tumors confirmed by pathologic findings from 1982 in keimyung university hospital, and 116 cases of published data from 1962 were reviewed their pathologic and clinical findings. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty nine cases were included in this study, The age was ranged from 15 dyas to 75 years old. 45 cases(35%) were male and 84(65%) were female. 119 cases(92.2%) were revealed benign tumor : 115 myxoma, 2 rhabdomyoma, 1 lipoma and 1 fibroma. 10 cases(7.8%) were malignant tumors : 4 angiosarcoma, 2 fibrous histiocytoma, 2 rhabdomyosarcoma, 2 fibrosarcoma. The most common site of benign tumor was left atrium, and of malignant tumor was right atrium. CONCLUSION: Most of primary cardiac tumors were benign. And left atrial myxoma was most common primary cardiac tumor. Angiosarcoma was most common malignant tumor, occured in right atrium most frequently.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Autopsy , Fibroma , Fibrosarcoma , Heart Atria , Heart Neoplasms , Hemangiosarcoma , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous , Korea , Lipoma , Methods , Myxoma , Rhabdomyoma , Rhabdomyosarcoma
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