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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879175

ABSTRACT

Resina Draconis, a rare and precious traditional medicine in China, is known as the "holy medicine for promoting blood circulation". According to the national drug standard, it's derived from the resin extracted from the wood of Dracaena cochinchinensis, a Liliaceae plant. In addition, a variety of Dracaena species all over the world can form red resins, and there is currently no molecular identification method that can efficiently identify the origin of Dracaena medicinal materials. In this study, seven species of Dracaena distributed in China were selected as the research objects. Four commonly used DNA barcodes(ITS2, matK, rbcL and psbA-trnH), and four highly variable regions(trnP-psaJ, psbK-psbI, trnT-trnL, clpP) in chloroplast genome were used to evaluate the identification efficiency of Dracaena species. The results showed that clpP sequence fragment could accurately identify seven species of Dracaena plants. However, due to the long sequence of clpP fragment, there were potential problems in the practical application process. We found that the combined fragment "psbK-psbI+ trnP-psaJ" can also be used for accurate molecular identification of the Resina Draconis origin plants and relative species of Dracaena, which were both relatively short sequences in the combined fragment, showing high success rates of amplification and sequencing. Therefore, the "psbK-psbI+ trnP-psaJ" combined fragment can be used as the DNA barcode fragments for molecular identification of Resina Dracon's origin plants and relative species of Dracaena. Research on the identification of Dracaena species, the results of this study can be used to accurately identify the original material of Resina Draconis, and providing effective means for identification, rational development and application of Resina Draconis base source.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Dracaena/genetics , Plants , Resins, Plant , Sequence Analysis, DNA
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855417

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide the evidence for the identification and genetic diversity of Pinellia ternata by studying cpDNA non-coding sequences of P. ternata and its related species. Methods: Besides P. cordate and P. pedatisecta, 43 P. ternata samples were collected from the main habitats in China. psbK-psbI and atpF-atpH sequences in leaf genome DNA were cloned by PCR. Comparative analysis was carried out by bioinformatics software. Results: The sequence length of atpF-atpH in P. ternata was 337-342 bp and conservative. The numbers of variable sites and parsimony information sites were only 7 and 1, respectively. The genetic distance was 0-0.024.The length of psbK-psbI was 432-435 bp, with 37 variable sites, including 17 information sites, and the genetic distance was 0-0.069.Cluster analysis was not consistent with the phenotype or the geographical distributions. Conclusion: The discrimination of psbK-psbI is better than that of atpF-atpH, and there are more mutation sites in psbK-psbI sequence among species in P. ternata.

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