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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation standard of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces combining traditional character evaluation and modern intrinsic quality analysis. Method:The appearance character parameters (thickness and weight) and contents of internal index components (tanshinones and salvianolic acid B) of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces were determined, and the relative quality constant was calculated. The maximum value of the percentage quality constants of the tested samples was assumed to be 100%, the value ≥80% was classified as the first-class, ≥50% and <80% as the second-class, <50% as the third-class. Result:The relative quality constants of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces ranged from 349 to 884. According to the percentage quality constant, 18 batches of samples were successfully divided into three grades. The relative quality constant of the first-class product was ≥707, including samples ds5, ds8 and ds14, accounting for about 17% of the total number of samples. The relative quality constant of the second-class product was ≥442 and <707, accounting for about 61% of the total number of samples. the other samples were of the third-class, and their relative quality constants were all <442. Conclusion:The method of relative quality constant overcomes the one-sidedness of the single method in the grade evaluation of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces, and the evaluation results can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of the decoction pieces, which can provide reference for the establishment of the grade standard of other decoction pieces.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation method for Codonopsis Radix slices based relative quality constants, in order to provide scientific theoretical basis for grading of Codonopsis Radix slices. Method:Through literature and market research,the main production areas of Codonopsis Radix slices were determined,and 67 batches of Ludangshen slices(52 batches) and Baitiaodang slices (15 batches) were collected. The appearance traits (average quality and average thickness of Codonopsis Radix slices) were observed and measured. According to Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition), the extract and the content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide was determined by phenol-sulphoacid method. Then the relative quality constant was calculated,and the results of grade evaluation were evaluated through systematic cluster analysis and correlation analysis. Result:Relative quality constants of 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were between 0.32-2.97. If these samples were divided into three grades:the first-grade relative quality constants were greater than or equal to 2.08,the second grade was greater than or equal to 0.89 but less than 2.08,while the third grade was less than 0.89. The results of systematic cluster analysis showed that 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were clustered into 3 categories,and the results were basically consistent with the classification. The correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between the content of the extracts and the polysaccharide content (P<0.05). Conclusion:This method links the extrinsic characteristics to the intrinsic quality,and objectively grade Codonopsis Radix slices, so as to provide a basis for its grade standards.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873098

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish a scientific and reasonable grade evaluation standard for Polygoni Multiflori Caulis. Method::The quality constant method was used to conduct a grade evaluation study on Polygoni Multiflori Caulis. A total of 16 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and medicinal materials markets. By measuring its appearance traits (average quality and average thickness of the decoction pieces) and the intrinsic quality indicators (content of 2, 3, 5, 4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside), then its quality constant and percentage quality constant were calculated comprehensively, finally, the grades of Polygoni Multiflori Caulis were classified by quality constant method. Result::The quality constant of 16 batches of the decoction pieces was 0.054-0.417, and the percentage quality constant was 12.98-100.00.If these samples were divided into three grades, the quality constant shall be ≥0.334 for the first-grade decoction pieces, the quality constant shall be <0.334 and ≥0.209 for the second-grade decoction pieces, while for the third-grade decoction pieces, the quality constant shall be <0.209. Conclusion::The grade evaluation method based on quality constant can overcome the shortcomings of traditional evaluation method for decoction pieces, and can realize scientific, objective and simple classification of Polygoni Multiflori Caulis. This study enriches the research data of modern grade evaluation of Polygoni Multiflori Caulis, and provides reference for grade evaluation and market circulation of other decoction pieces.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2802-2807, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for simultaneous determination of spinosin and jujuboside A in the seads of Ziziphus jujuba, and to investigate its quality grading standard. METHODS: HPLC-ELSD method was adopted. The separation was carried out on Inertsil ODS-SP column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃, the temperature of drift tube was 90 ℃, the flow of carrier gas was 2.9 L/min and injection volume was 20 μL. The thickness, width, length and 100-grain quality of the medicinal materials were used as indicators to investigate the appearance traits. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the correlation of the contents of spinosin and jujuboside A, its appearance traits with the quality constant of TCM, and establish a quality classification standard for the seads of Z. jujuba. RESULTS: The linear range of spinosin and jujuboside A were 1.03-6.18 μg/mL (r=0.999 7), 1.05-6.30 μg/mL (r=0.999 8); the limits of quantitation were 0.171, 0.174 μg/mL, respectively; the limits of detection were 0.052, 0.053 μg/mL, respectively. RSDs of precision, stability and reproducibility tests were all lower 2%. The recoveries were 99.01%-102.97% (RSD=1.39%, n=6), 97.94%-101.03% (RSD=1.13%, n=6), respectively. Correlation analysis results showed that the length, width, 100-grain quality spinosin content and jujuboside A content of the medicinal materials were positively correlated with the quality constant of TCM. The results of quality classification for 30 batches of medicinal materials showed that S1-S4 and S7-S12 were first-class products; S5, S6, S13-S17 and S20-S30 were second-class products; S18 and S19 were third-class products. CONCLUSIONS: Established content determination method is simple, precision, accurate and stable, and can be used for simultaneous determination of spinosin and jujuboside A in the seads of Z. jujuba. Established quality grading standard of the seads of Z. jujuba can be used to evaluate the quality.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801873

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied to the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces. The morphological and component indexes of 12 batches of the decoction pieces were measured, their quality constants were calculated and graded. The results showed that the quality constant ranged from 0.041 to 0.167. If the percentage quality constant ≥ 80%was the first-grade decoction pieces, <80%and ≥ 50%was the second-grade decoction pieces, <50%was the third-grade decoction pieces; the quality constant of the first-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.133 6, the second-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.083 5 and <0.133 6, and the third-grade decoction pieces was <0.083 5. In this paper, the authors further applied the quality constant evaluation method of skin piece in the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces, which proved that the method was reasonable and scientific, and it can provide a reference for the quality grading of this decoction pieces.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the grade evaluation standard for Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice by combining traditional morphology evaluation with modern intrinsic quality evaluation. Method: The morphological parameters and contents of intrinsic pharmacodynamic index components of 28 batches of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice were determined, and the relative quality constants were calculated. Assuming that the average relative quality constant was 100%, more than 120%of the samples were classified as the first grade, 60%to 120%as the second grade, the remaining as the third grade. Result: The relative quality constant of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice ranged from 0.09 to 1.78. The relative quality constant of the first grade was ≥ 0.64, the second grade was 0.32-0.64, while the third grade was ≤ 0.32. Conclusion: Relative quality constant combines external indexes of traditional morphology and internal indexes of pharmacodynamic components, which can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice, and provide reference for establishing and improving the grade evaluation standard of this decoction pieces.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773723

ABSTRACT

The grade classification of Chinese herbal medicines and their decoction pieces has always been a hot issue in the industry. In the trading history of Chinese herbal medicine,buyers and sellers often determine the price according to quality,so the naturally formed specifications and grades are changing with the change of technology and the increasing demand of the public for medical care.The planting,processing and circulation methods of Chinese medicinal materials have also changed greatly. Under the mode of pursuing yield and short-term benefit,the traditional rating evaluation method has been difficult to be used in the current quality status of prepared slices. Aurantii Fructus Immaturus is a genuine medicinal material of Jiangxi province,which is widely used,but has different quality levels on the market. In this paper,the quality levels were evaluated by the mass constant method. A set of grading method of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices was established,laying a foundation for " high quality and high price" Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices. The grading method of Chinese herbal slices with quality constant was applied to 16 batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices collected form the market,and the final assessment results were as follows for different piece shapes( hemispherical type and thin type)respectively. The hemispherical Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥1. 11 for the first grade,< 1. 11 but ≥0. 69 for the second grade,and <0. 69 for the third grade. The thin type Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥0. 024 for the first grade,<0. 024 but ≥0. 015 for the second grade,and <0. 015 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants grading method can be used to objectively classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine,providing basis for standardizing market behavior and providing useful reference for grading of hemispherical or thin Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773722

ABSTRACT

The method of classifying the quality grade of traditional Chinese medicine slices with cross section model quality constant was applied to the grade evaluation of Ligusticum chuanxiong pieces,and a reasonable grade standard of L. chuanxiong pieces was established. The purpose is to classify the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces by combining the advantages of traditional grading with modern quality control indicators. By measuring the natural morphological parameters,processing parameters and the intrinsic content of ferulic acid,an important active ingredient,of the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected from different manufacturers and different batches of different medicinal materials markets,we can synthesize the results. The mass constants and percentage mass constants are calculated and analyzed based on the above data. The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected ranged from 0.53-3.00; if the percentage mass constants were more than 80%,50%-80% was second-class pieces,and the rest were third-class pieces,the evaluation results were as follows: the quality constants of first-class L. chuanxiong pieces were more than 2.40,the quality constants of second-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be 1.70-2.40,and the quality constants of third-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be less than 1.70. In this paper,the method of dividing the quality constants of the top blade model into different grades is further applied and practiced,which proves that the method is scientific,reasonable and multi-adaptable. At the same time,it enriches the research data of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,provides a useful reference for the promotion of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,and lays an experimental foundation for the next research of the subject group.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773659

ABSTRACT

Grade evaluation method of quality constant is a kind of grading method for Chinese medicinal materials and decoction pieces,combining the external morphological index and internal content index. This method was used in this paper for grade evaluation of Gardeniae Fructus. By measuring the morphological and content indexes of 14 batches of Gardeniae Fructus,a method for calculating the quality constant of fruits was established,and the grade evaluation criteria were formed. At the same time,the NO inhibition effect of different grades of Gardeniae Fructus samples on RAW264. 7 cells induced by LPS was determined to investigate the relationship between the quality grade and pharmacodynamics of decoction pieces. The results showed that the quality constants of Gardeniae Fructus decoction piece samples ranged from 1. 46 to 4. 42. If the percentage quality constant ≥80% was classified into first-class,50%-80%as second-class and the rest as third-class,the quality constant was ≥3. 54 for first-class,2. 21-3. 54 for second-class and <2. 21 for third-class Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces. The pharmacodynamic results showed that the pharmacodynamic intensity was positively correlated with the grade,which also proved the rationality of the grade evaluation method of quality constant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Mice , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773176

ABSTRACT

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773175

ABSTRACT

The specifications of Chinese herbal medicines naturally form and exist in the circulation and use of Chinese herbal medicines.Buyers and sellers negotiate price by quality. With the increasing demand for public health care,the cultivation,processing methods and circulation of Chinese herbal medicines have changed. Under the mode of pursuing output and short-term benefits,the traditional grade evaluation method has been difficult to apply to the current quality status of the pieces. Bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus is a genuine medicinal material in Jiangxi province. It is widely used,but the quality level of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus on the market is not uniform. Quality constant method was used in this paper for grading the Chinese herbal slices of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus. Sixteen batches of different quality samples were collected and tested,and finally,eleven qualified batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results showed that the relative quality constant ranged from 2. 52 to 5. 60. The relative quality constant was ≥4. 48 for first grade bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,2. 80-4. 48 for the second grade pieces,and <2. 80 for the third grade pieces. The grades evaluation method for bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus established in this paper included both appearance and index composition. The results were objective,accurate,quantitative,applicable,and the method was simple to operate and easy to popularize. This study showed that the quality constant method could be applied to the grade evaluation of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,providing a reference for the grade evaluation of fruit-type decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Quality Control
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773174

ABSTRACT

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773173

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied in the grade evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix pieces. Nineteen batches of Scrophulariae Radix were measured for the appearance index. Harpagide and harpagoside were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standard and the modern quality control index were combined to calculate the quality constant and grade Scrophulariae Radix pieces. The results showed that the quality constants ranged between 156. 75 and 491. 65; according to the percentage mass constants,more than 80% were graded as first-class pieces,50%-80% were graded as second-class pieces,and the rest were graded as third-class pieces. The quality constants of first-class Scrophulariae Radix were >393. 32,that of second-class Scrophulariae Radix was between 245. 83 and 393. 32,and that of third-class Scrophulariae Radix was < 245. 83. The study shows that this method can objectively,reasonably and effectively classify Scrophulariae Radix pieces,and further promote and apply the evaluation method of slice model quality constant to prove the rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773172

ABSTRACT

The grade of Gastrodia elata pieces is evaluated by quality constant evaluation method.Fifteen batches of G. elata pieces collected were measured for their appearance and morphological indexes. The contents of gastrodin,p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,barrisoside A,B and E were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standards were combined with modern quality control indicators,and the quality constants were calculated to grade the pieces.The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of G. elata ranged between 143. 3 and 1 027. 3. If the percentage mass constant( ≥80%) was the first grade,the percentage mass constant between 50%-80% indicated the second grade,and the remaining percentage mass constant indicated the third grade. The quality constant of the first gradepieces was sality,that of the second grade pieces ranged between 513. 0-821. 0,and that of the third grade pieces was <513. 0. On the basis of the study for the grading method of quality constants,and the natural morphology and cutting characteristics of the pieces,a grading model for the quality constants of the pieces cut along texture was established,which made the method scientific,rational as well as " personalized". The model method is applied in grading G. elata pieces,so as to specify the grading method,further enrich the study data of the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces and provide a useful reference for the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces. Meanwhile,the grading method of mass constants could be further applied and promoted to prove its rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773171

ABSTRACT

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710232

ABSTRACT

AIM To determine the quality constant of Chinese medicine and to establish a method of grades evaluation of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces.METHODS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces' morphological indexes should be observed and measured,the contents of phenol and paeoniflorin were measured by HPLC.Cortex Moutan decoction pieces was graded according to the quality constant of Chinese medicine which was calculated.RESULTS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces could be divided into three grades by the quality constant of Chinese medicine,the cutoff point of the firsts was greater than or equal to 1.56;the second was greater than or equal to 1.12 but less than 1.56;while the third was less than 1.12.CONCLUSION This method combines the apparent parameters of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces with its intrinsic quality,which can devide grades of it objectively and provides a reference for its classification.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335849

ABSTRACT

Quality constant is a comprehensive grades evaluation method for traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, which is better but based on traditional way. In this paper, a new grading mode for Phellodendri chinensis pieces was established based on quality constant evaluation method. The results showed that the range of relative quality constant for 15 batches of different samples was from 0.41 to 0.96. As customary, if these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥0.77 for first grade; <0.77 but ≥0.48 for the second grade; and <0.48 for the third grade. This research indicated that the quality constant mode can be used to effectively grade the P. chinensis pieces in a scientific, reasonable, objective and specific way. Simultaneously, it provided a beneficial reference for grading cortex herbal pieces or medicines.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350129

ABSTRACT

By measuring the morphological indexes and the marker components content of 22 batches of Scutellariae Radix slices as well as calculating the quality constant, this research was aimed to establish a new method of evaluating the specifications and grades of Scutellariae Radix slices. The quality constants of these samples were in the range of 0.04-0.49, which can be divided into several grades based on the real requirement. If they were divided into three grades, the quality constant was ≥0.39 for the first grade, <0.39 but ≥0.24 for the second grade, and <0.24 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants characterizing both apparent parameters and intrinsic quality can be used as a comprehensive evaluation index to classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine quantitatively, clearly and objectively. The research results in this paper would provide new ideas and references for evaluating the specifications and grades of traditional Chinese medicines.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258489

ABSTRACT

Quality constant evaluation is a comprehensive method for grades evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine pieces, but when it comes to Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces, grades evaluation is diverged due to significant difference in contents of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid and unreasonable weight of index. To solve this problem, we have established a relative quality constant method in this paper to evaluate grades of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces. Twenty-nine batches of different quality samples were collected and tested, and finally, 17 batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results revealed that the range of the relative quality constant of these samples was from 1.78 to 11.49. When Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces are divided into three grades: the relative quality constant of first grade is greater than or equal to 9.19; the second grade is greater than or equal to 5.75 but less than 9.19; while the third grade is less than 5.75. This research indicates that relative quality constant can divide the grades of herbal pieces in a scientific, reasonable, objective and specific way and remedy the shortage of quality constant perfectly. It provides a novel mode for grading pieces of Chinese medicine that contains multi-target ingredients.

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