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1.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE00771, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364239

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a qualidade microbiológica do leite humano pasteurizado proveniente de um Banco de Leite Humano do Estado de São Paulo. Métodos Estudo descritivo conduzido com 29 amostras de leite humano ordenhado pasteurizado (LHOP) obtidas entre julho de 2015 a março de 2016 por meio da avaliação dos registros da acidez titulável bem como da quantificação da microbiota heterotrófica (mesófilos, psicrófilos, termófilos), coliformes totais e termotolerantes, fungos filamentosos e leveduriformes e Staphylococcus spp. Realizou-se a avaliação dos parâmetros físico-químicos por meio do potencial hidrogeniônico-pH, teor energético-K e acidez Dornic-ºD. Análises estatísticas descritivas e bivariadas foram conduzidas. Resultados Evidenciou-se nas amostras a presença de psicrófilos (17,24%), termófilos (27,59%), mesófilos (55,17%), fungos filamentosos e leveduriformes (41,38%) e ausência de Staphylococcus spp. Detectou-se a presença de 82,76% de coliformes no teste presuntivo. Já no teste confirmativo VB constatou-se a presença de 54,16% de coliformes totais e no teste EC 33,33% de coliformes termotolerantes. Os valores de pH e de K não apresentaram oscilações, enquanto que, na expressão da acidez entre 3º a 15°D detectou-se crescimento microbiano. O microrganismo mesófilo, apresentou correlação positiva com variável da acidez Dornic (r=0.44;p=0.01). Conclusão A partir da avaliação da qualidade microbiológica das amostras de LHOP descartado e consideradas impróprias para consumo no referido BLH, especificamente com relação aos indicadores microbiológicos das condições de higiene, sugere que a inviabilidade das amostras possam estar associadas às boas práticas de manipulação do alimento.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la calidad microbiológica de la leche humana pasteurizada proveniente de un banco de leche humana del estado de São Paulo. Métodos Estudio descriptivo realizado con 29 muestras de leche humana ordeñada pasteurizada (LHOP) obtenidas entre julio de 2015 y marzo de 2016 por medio de la evaluación de los registros de acidez titulable, así como de la cuantificación de la microbiota heterótrofa (mesófilos, psicrófilos, termófilos), coliformes totales y termotolerantes, hongos filamentosos y levaduriformes y Staphylococcus spp. Se realizó la evaluación de los parámetros físico-químicos mediante el potencial de hidrógeno (pH), valor energético (K) y acidez Dornic-ºD. Se llevaron a cabo análisis descriptivos y bivariados. Resultados Se observó en las muestras la presencia de psicrófilos (17,24 %), termófilos (27,59 %), mesófilos (55,17 %), hongos filamentosos y levaduriformes (41,38 %) y ausencia de Staphylococcus spp. Se detectó la presencia del 82,76 % de coliformes en la prueba presuntiva. Por otro lado, en la prueba confirmativa VB se confirmó la presencia del 54,16 % de coliformes totales, y en la prueba EC se verificó el 33,33 % de coliformes termotolerantes. Los valores de pH y de K no presentaron oscilaciones, mientras que se detectó crecimiento microbiano en la expresión de la acidez entre 3 y 15°D. El microrganismo mesófilo presentó correlación positiva con variable de la acidez Dornic (r=0.44; p=0.01). Conclusión A partir de la evaluación de calidad microbiológica de las muestras de LHOP descartadas y consideradas inapropiadas para consumo en el BLH mencionado, especialmente respecto a los indicadores microbiológicos de las condiciones de higiene, se sugiere que la inviabilidad de las muestras pueda estar asociada con las buenas prácticas de manipulación del alimento.


Abstract Objective To assess the microbiological quality of pasteurized human milk from a Human Milk Bank in the State of São Paulo. Methods This is a descriptive study conducted with 29 pasteurized expressed human milk (PEHM) samples obtained between July 2015 and March 2016 by assessing titratable acidity records as well as quantifying heterotrophic microbiota (mesophiles, psychrophiles, thermophiles), total and thermotolerant coliforms, filamentous and yeast-like fungi and Staphylococcus spp. The physical-chemical parameters were assessed via hydrogen-pH potential, K-energy content and Dornic-ºD acidity. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyzes were conducted. Results The presence of psychrophiles (17.24%), thermophiles (27.59%), mesophiles (55.17%), filamentous and yeast-like fungi (41.38%) and absence of Staphylococcus spp were evidenced in the sample. The presence of 82.76% of coliforms was detected in the presumptive test. In the confirmatory VB test, the presence of 54.16% of total coliforms was found and, in the EC test, we verified 33.33% of thermotolerant coliforms. The pH and K values did not show oscillations, whereas, in the expression of acidity between 3º and 15°D, microbial growth was detected. The mesophilic microorganism showed a positive correlation with the Dornic acidity variable (r=0.44; p=0.01). Conclusion Based on the microbiological quality assessment of the HMB samples discarded and considered unfit for consumption in the HMB, specifically regarding the microbiological indicators of hygiene conditions, it suggests that the infeasibility of the samples may be associated with good food handling practices.


Subject(s)
Chemical Phenomena , Pasteurization , Food Handling , Milk, Human/microbiology , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Microbiological Techniques , Milk Banks
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907164

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide direction for the improvement of quality control of hospital preparations and ensure the safety for clinical use by analyzing the hospital preparation deviations in recent three years. Methods A retrospective analysis on 59 minor hospital preparation deviations from 2017 to 2019 was conducted. Brainstorming, fishbone drawing and, Minitab software were used to analyze the root causes of deviations from five aspects: personnel, machine, materials, methods and environment. The preventive and corrective measures were implemented. The results were evaluated. Results 1 significant deviation (1.7%), 24 major deviation (40.7%), and 34 minor deviation (57.6%) were identified among the 59 casses of preparation deviation. With the implementation of preventive and corrective measures, the total number of deviations in 2018 was significantly reduced compared to that in 2017. The total number of deviations in 2019 was about the same as that in 2018. The human factors need to be focused. Conclusion The pharmaceutical preparation deviations in our hospital have been reduced. The further quality improvements for pharmaceutical preparations will be carried out by following the regulations of pharmaceutical production quality management standards and pharmaceutical production supervision and administration measures.

3.
rev. udca actual. divulg. cient ; 24(2): e1689, jul.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361226

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La semilla es el insumo principal para el establecimiento de sistemas productivos agrícolas, por lo cual, durante la producción de semilla, una condición indispensable es que se mantenga la calidad del material en todo el proceso incremental. El Departamento de Semillas de la Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria-Agrosavia, comprometido con el cumplimiento de los requisitos establecidos en la Resolución ICA 3168 de 2015 y en el Decreto del MADR 931 de 2018, en todos sus procesos productivos, ha desarrollado e implementado un Sistema Interno de Trazabilidad (SIT) para la producción de semilla y, específicamente, en una de sus estrategias denominada Plan de Mínimos para cultivos semestrales soya, algodón, arroz, maíz y sorgo en los valles interandinos. Los resultados mostraron que esta herramienta tecnológica facilitó, en el proyecto, realizar el monitoreo y el seguimiento de las labores, el registro de eventos climáticos, el manejo eficiente de inventarios y el análisis de costos. Esta reflexión es un trabajo pionero en Colombia, que contribuye a la toma de decisiones, a mejorar la productividad y a fortalecer el Sistema Nacional de Semillas.


ABSTRACT Seed is the main input for the establishment of agricultural production systems, so during seed production an indispensable condition is that the quality of the material is maintained throughout the incremental process. The Seed Department of Colombian Agricultural Research Corporation- Agrosavia, committed to complying with the requirements established in Resolution ICA 3168 of 2015 and Decree MADR 931 of 2018in all its production processes, has developed and implemented an Internal Traceability System (SIT) for the production of seed and specifically in one of its strategies called Minimum Plan for semi-annual crops of soybean, cotton, rice, corn and sorghum in the inter-Andean valleys. The results show that this technological tool facilitated in the project carried out the monitoring and tracing of the crops work, the registry of climatic events, the efficient management of inventories and the analysis of costs. This is a pioneering work in Colombia, which contributes to decision making, improve productivity and strengthen the National Seed System.

4.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; v26(n4): 205-211, 31-12-2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367524

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Identificar e discutir os fatores relacionados à qualidade do vapor e sua relação com as práticas do cotidiano do Centro de Material e Esterilização. Método: Pesquisa documental, construída com base na análise do referencial teórico normativo sobre a qualidade do vapor para esteriliza-ção de produtos para saúde. Resultados: Os fatores que estão diretamente relacionados à qualidade do vapor são: água de alimentação, contaminantes do vapor, flutuações de pressão na rede, gases não condensáveis, título e superaquecimento. Conclusão: O controle de fatores que impactam o sucesso de esterilização por vapor não é uma atribuição única da engenharia clínica, mas sim uma responsabilidade compartilhada com o gestor do centro de materiais. A segurança na esterilização pelo vapor não deve ser reduzida ao controle de tempo, à temperatura ou ao resultado de indicadores físicos, quí-micos e biológicos, mas incluir o controle da qualidade do vapor, que é o agente esterilizante.


Objectives: To identify and discuss the factors related to quality of steam and their relation to daily practices of the Central Sterile Supply Department (CSSD). Method: Documentary research based on the analysis of the normative theoretical framework about quality of steam for the ste-rilization of medical devices. Results: Factors that are directly related to quality of steam are: feedwater, steam contaminants, pipeline pressure fluctua-tions, non-condensable gases, steam dryness and superheating. Conclusion: Controlling factors that impact the success of steam sterilization is not an assignment for clinical engineering service only; it is a responsibility that should be shared with the manager of the CSSD. Safety in steam sterilization should not be reduced to monitoring of time, temperature or the result of physical, chemical and biological indicators, but include monitoring of the quality of steam, which is the sterilizing agent.


Objetivos: Identificar y discutir los factores relacionados con la calidad del vapor y su relación con las prácticas cotidianas en el Centro de Material y Esterilización. Método: Investigación documental, construida a partir del análisis del marco teórico normativo sobre la calidad del vapor para esterilización de productos sanitarios. Resultados: Los factores que están directamente relacionados con la calidad del vapor son: agua de alimentación, contaminantes del vapor, fluctuaciones de presión en la red, gases no condensables, titulación y sobrecalentamiento. Conclusión: El control de los facto-res que impactan el éxito de la esterilización por vapor no es una tarea única de la ingeniería clínica, sino una responsabilidad compartida con el gerente del centro de materiales. La seguridad en la esterilización por vapor no debe reducirse al control del tiempo, la temperatura o el resultado de indicadores físicos, químicos y biológicos, sino que debe incluir el control de la calidad del vapor, que es el agente esterilizante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Care , Checklist , Patient Safety , Surgicenters , Nursing
5.
Infectio ; 25(3): 169-175, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250088

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Verificación del desempeño de las pruebas serológicas rápidas utilizadas en el departamento de Risaralda, Colombia. Métodos: Estudio analitico, de corte transversal. Incluyó muestras de sueros de trabajadores de la salud de la ciudad de Pereira, quienes tuvieron sospecha clínica y epidemiológica por SARS-CoV-2. El procesamiento y validación de las pruebas fue realizado en las instalaciones de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Se calculó sensibilidad y especificidad de las pruebas rápidas serológicas IgM/IgG usando como prueba de oro la RT-PCR. Resultados: Se incluyeron las muestras de 144 profesionales de la salud. Las pruebas serológicas rápidas evidenciaron ser útiles para identificar o descartar la presencia de anticuerpos IgM e IgG, especialmente en pacientes sintomáticos, en quienes el inicio de los síntomas es superior a 11 días. Discusión: El uso de pruebas rápidas se encuentra en aumento, no solo por la rapidez de sus resultados, sino también por los bajos costos asociados y la necesidad de identificar pacientes no susceptibles, quienes deben priorizar su retorno a actividades laborales en comunidad como parte de la reactivación económica de Colombia. Es necesario confirmar el desempeño de la prueba para aumentar la probabilidad de una adecuada clasificación antes de proceder a su uso rutinario.


Abstract Objective: We aimed to realize a verification of the performance of the rapid serological tests used in Risaralda department. Methods: Analytical, cross-sectional study. Serum samples from health workers in Pereira city, who had a clinical and epidemiological suspicion for SARS-CoV-2 were included. The processing and validation of the tests was carried out at Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Sensitivity and specificity of rapid IgM / IgG sero logical tests were calculated using RT-PCR as the gold standard test. Results: 144 samples of health professionals were included. Rapid serological tests useful to identify or rule out the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies, especially in symptomatic patients, in whom the onset of symptoms is longer than 11 days. Discussion: The use of rapid tests is increasing, not only due to the speed of their results, but also due to the low associated costs and the need to identify non-susceptible patients, who must prioritize their return to work activities in the community as part of the economic reactivation of Colombia. It is necessary to confirm the adequate performance of the test to increase the probability of an adequate classification before proceeding with the routine use of this test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Serologic Tests , Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/diagnosis , Antibodies , Occupational Groups , Antigens
6.
Acta biol. colomb ; 26(2): 170-177, mayo-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355528

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El filtrado de secuencias es un paso esencial sin importar el tipo de tecnología aplicada para la secuenciación de un genoma, en el cual las lecturas de baja calidad o una parte son eliminadas. En un ensamblado la construcción de un genoma se realiza a partir de la unión de lecturas cortas en cóntigos. Algunos ensambladores miden la relación que existe entre secuencias de una longitud fija (k-mer) que puede verse afectada por la presencia de secuencias de baja calidad. Un enfoque común para evaluar los ensamblados se basa en el análisis del número de cóntigos, la longitud del cóntigo más largo y el valor del N50, definido como la longitud del cóntigo que representa el 50 % de la longitud del conjunto. En este contexto, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto del uso de lecturas crudas y filtradas en los valores de los parámetros de calidad obtenidos en el ensamblado del genoma de Bacillus altitudinis 19RS3 aislada de Ilex paraguariensis. Se realizó el análisis de calidad de ambos archivos de partida con el software FastqC y se filtraron las lecturas con el softwareTrimmomatic. Para el ensamblado se utilizó el software SPAdes y para su evaluación la herramienta QUAST. El mejor ensamblado para B. altitudinis 19RS3 se obtuvo a partir de las lecturas filtradas con el valor de k-mer 79, que generó 16 cóntigos mayores a 500 pb con un N50 de 931 914 pb y el cóntigo más largo de 966 271 pb.


ABSTRACT Sequence filtering is an essential step regardless of the type of technology applied for sequencing a genome, in which low-quality readings or a portion are eliminated. In an assembly, the construction of a genome is carried out from the union of short reads in contigs. Some assemblers measure the relationship between sequences of a fixed length (k-mer) that can be affected by the presence of low-quality sequences. A common approach to evaluating assemblies is based on the analysis of the number of contigs, the length of the longest contig, and the value of N50 defined as the length of the contig representing 50 % of the length of the assembly. In this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the use of crude and filtered reads on the values of the quality parameters obtained from the genome assembly of Bacillus altituidinis 19RS3 isolated from Ilex paraguariensis. The quality analysis of both starting files was performed with the FastqC software and the readings were filtered with the Trimmomatic software. The SPAdes software was used for the assembly and the QUAST tool for its evaluation. The best assembly for B. altitudinis 19RS3 was obtained from the filtered readings with the value of k-mer 79, which generated 16 contigs greater than 500 bp with a N50 of 931 914 bp and the longest contig of 966 271 bp.

7.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 31(1): 37-43, ene-mar 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251765

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Realizar, durante siete años ininterrumpidos, un control y seguimiento de las fuentes de luz disponibles en las clínicas odontológicas de pre graado de una Institución de Enseñanza Superior Pública Brasileña. Material y métodos: Durante el período comprendido entre 2011-2017 se evaluó el control de calidad de las fuentes de luz de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Federal de Goiás a través del análisis de su estado de conservación y de su densidad de potencia (mW/cm2). Los datos obtenidos se sometieron a un análisis estadístico descritpivo y a las pruebas de Levene, Shapiro-Wilk, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn y Chi-cuadrado (P<0,05). Resultados: No se observaron diferencias estadísticas significativas del estado de conservación de las fuentes de luz entre los años 2012, 2016 y 2017 (p>0,05). Sí se observaron diferencias estadísticas significativas entre los valores de densidad de potência entre dichos años (p<0,0001). En las comparaciones por pares, los valores de densidad de potencia para los años 2011 (p<0,01) y 2012 (p<0,05) fueron estadísticamente diferentes de los años 2015, 2016 y 2017. Conclusiones: Comparativamente se observó una mejora sustancial del estado de conservación de las fuentes de luz en los cuatro años iniciales de evaluaciones, con una disminución en el quinto año y una estabilización en los dos últimos años. Durante los siete años de estudio de la densidad de potencia de las fuentes de luz se observó en un aumento gradual de la misma con una estabilización de los resultados a partir del quinto año de control de calidad.


SUMMARY Objetive: To monitor the light curing units available at undergraduate dental clinics of a Brazilian Public Higher Education Institution for seven uninterrupted years. Materials and methods: In the period between 2011-2017, the quality control of light curing units at the Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Goiás, was evaluated by analyzing their state of conservation and power density (mW/cm2). Data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and Levene, Shapiro-Wilk, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn and Chi-square tests (P <0.05). Results: Regarding the conservation status of the light curing units, comparatively, there was no statistically significant difference between the years 2012, 2016 and 2017 (p> 0.05). Statistically significant differences were found for power density values between years (p <0.0001). In pairwise comparisons, the power density values for the years 2011 (p <0.01) and 2012 (p <0.05) were statistically different from the years 2015, 2016 and 2017. Conclusions: A significant improvement in the state of conservation of light curing units was observed in the initial four years of evaluations, with a decline in the fifth year and stabilization in the last two years. Regarding the power density of the light curing units, a gradual increase was observed in the seven years of study, with stabilization of the results after the fifth year of quality control.

8.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 42: 1-13, 20210101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224639

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was the development and validation of a fast method to quantify artepillin C in green propolis using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Methods: High purity (97.8%) artepillin C was isolated from green propolis using chromatography techniques. Quantification was performed using a C18 (2.1 x 100 mm; 1.7 µm) column, gradient of water and methanol (with 0.01% formic acid) as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min and 45 ºC in temperature. A mass spectrometer operated in selected reaction monitoring mode to monitor the deprotonated molecular ion of artepillin C (m/z 299) > fragment ion (m/z 200.12). Several parameters such as specificity, linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation (LOQ), precision, accuracy, and robustness were determined. Results: The method was linear in the 50 ­ 400 µg/mL range (r2 = 0.9906), showing LOD = 10.79 µg/mL and LOQ = 32.70 µg/mL with satisfactory intra-day and inter-day precision with relative standard deviation (RSD %) of 1.9% and 3.4%, respectively. The accuracy showed recovery of 93-104%, the method was robust and artepillin C was quantified in green propolis at 6.51%. Conclusions: The proposed method showed advantages in comparison with other methods, such as short analysis time and high selectivity for artepillin C.

9.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(3): 306-321, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353304

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La calidad de las prácticas formativas de enfermería deben ir acompañadas por un sistema de conocimientos genéricos, desarrollo permanente, y apoyo en la práctica clínica. OBJETIVO: Describir las condiciones de calidad de las prácticas formativas de los últimos semestres del programa de Enfermería de la Universidad Católica de Manizales con relación a los criterios básicos definidos por el Ministerio de Protección Social, el Ministerio de Educación Nacional, y los definidos por el programa de Enfermería en los años 2015 ­ 2017. METODOLOGÍA: Investigación descriptiva, retrospectiva, documental. Con la información suministrada por la literatura, el marco de regulación, los factores y las características del modelo de evaluación de las prácticas, entre los años 2015 al 2017, los criterios de inclusión fueron el formato de evaluación de prácticas de la Universidad del caso y exclusión que se emplearon. RESULTADOS: Muestran debilidades y fortalezas como que se descubre que la UCM cumple con todos los criterios de idoneidad como institución educativa, pero hay condiciones para mejorar. CONCLUSIONES: Realizar acompañamiento a las entidades como hospitales y centros de práctica, para obtener mejores escenarios de práctica.


INTRODUCTION: The quality of nursing training practices must be accompanied by a generic knowledge system, permanent development, and support in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: Describe the quality conditions of the training practices of the last semesters of the Nursing program of the Universidad Católica de Manizales in relation to the basic criteria defined by the Ministry of Social Protection, the Ministry of National Education, and those defined by the Nursing program in the years 2015 - 2017. Descriptive METHODOLOGY, retrospective, documentary film. With the information provided by the literature, the regulatory framework, the factors and characteristics of the internship evaluation model, between the years 2015 to 2017, the inclusion criteria were the internship evaluation format of the University of the case and exclusion that were used. RESULTS: Show weaknesses and strengths as it is discovered that the UCM meets all the criteria of suitability as an educational institution but there are conditions for improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Provide support to entities such as hospitals and practice centers, to obtain better practice scenarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Clinical Clerkship , Education, Nursing , Health Sciences/education , Faculty, Nursing , Universities , Colombia , Internship and Residency
10.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 22(4): 448-456, 2021.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1342108

ABSTRACT

Background: Risk assessment is the means of identifying and evaluating potential errors or problems that may occur in testing process. The aim of this study was to perform risk assessment of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) process in clinical microbiology laboratories of Niamey, Niger Republic. Methodology: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study from October 1 to December 31, 2019, to evaluate AST performance in seven clinical microbiology laboratories at Niamey, the capital city of Niger republic. The evaluation focused on the determination of the criticality index (CI) of each critical point (frequency of occurrence of anomalies, severity of the process anomaly, and detectability of the anomaly during the process) in the AST process and the performance of the AST through an observation sheet using two reference strains; Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213. Results: The criticality index (CI) was greater than 6 for most of the critical points related to material, medium, equipment, method and labour for the AST process in all the laboratories. A range of 18-100% errors on the inhibition zone diameters of the reference strains were observed. Major and/or minor categorization (Sensitive S, Intermediate I and Resistance R) discrepancies were found at all the laboratories for either one or both reference strains. The antibiotics most affected by the S/I/R discrepancies were trimethoprim (100%), vancomycin (100%), amoxicillin (80%) and amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (70%). Conclusion: This study showed a deficiency in the control of critical control points that impacts the performance of the AST reported by the laboratories in Niger. Corrective actions are needed to improve the performance of AST in clinical microbiology laboratories in Niger


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Control , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Medical Laboratory Science , Microbiology , Critical Illness , Niger
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(4): e20201091, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1288372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to validate an instrument with criteria to evaluate the quality of calcium alginate wound dressings to treat skin injuries. Methods: methodological study, developed in two stages: the elaboration of criteria to evaluate the quality of the alginate wound dressing based on literature; validation of these criteria by a group of evaluators in two moments. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, central tendency measures and the Content Validity Index. Results: seven articles were selected, leading to the elaboration of 7 criteria and 11 expected results. The Content Validity Index was 0.98 in stage 1 and 0.93 in stage 2. After adjustments, 8 criteria were validated, and 13 results were expected. Final Considerations: the study allowed the validation of criteria to evaluate the quality of calcium alginate wound dressings, helping the nurses to choose with more autonomy and assertiveness.


RESUMEN Objetivos: validar un instrumento con criterios para evaluación de la calidad de coberturas de alginato de calcio para tratamiento de herida cutánea. Métodos: estudio metodológico, desarrollado en dos etapas: elaboración de criterios para evaluación de la calidad de la cobertura de alginato basándose en la literatura; validación de esos criterios por grupo de jueces en dos momentos. Los datos fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva, medidas de tendencia central e Índice de Validez de Contenido. Resultados: seleccionaron 7 artículos que respaldaron la elaboración de 7 criterios y 11 resultados esperados. El Índice de Validez de Contenido fue 0,98 en la etapa 1 y 0,93 en la etapa 2. Después de ajustes, fueron validados 8 criterios y 13 resultados esperados. Consideraciones Finales: el estudio permitió validar criterios para evaluación de la calidad de las coberturas de alginato de calcio, encaminando la elección de los enfermeros con mayor autonomía y asertividad.


RESUMO Objetivos: validar um instrumento com critérios para avaliação da qualidade de coberturas de alginato de cálcio para tratamento de ferida cutânea. Métodos: estudo metodológico, desenvolvido em duas etapas: elaboração de critérios para avaliação da qualidade da cobertura de alginato baseando-se na literatura; validação desses critérios por grupo de juízes em dois momentos. Osdados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, medidas de tendência central e Índice de Validação de Conteúdo. Resultados: selecionaram-se 7 artigos que respaldaram a elaboração de 7 critérios e 11 resultados esperados. O Índice de Validação de Conteúdo foi 0,98 na etapa 1 e 0,93 na etapa 2. Após ajustes, foram validados 8 critérios e 13 resultados esperados. Considerações Finais: o estudo permitiu validar critérios para avaliação da qualidade das coberturas de alginato de cálcio, direcionando a escolha dos enfermeiros com maior autonomia e assertividade.

12.
J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. (Online) ; 57: e2512021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250145

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Routine urinalysis is among the most requested exams in the clinical laboratory, assisting in the diagnosis of various diseases and treatment follow-up. In this case, the pre-analytical phase is extremely important because the quality of the sample directly influences the analysis and interpretation of the result. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the main errors in the pre-analytical phase of routine urine examination in a private laboratory and their frequency of occurrence. Material and method: Data were collected from 2014 to 2018. In all, 107,277 urine samples were registered and 98 (0.09%) were sent for recollection. Results: Recollect requests were higher among females (81.6%), and the most affected age groups were 51 to 60 years old and 21 to 30 years old. The most common justification for recollection was insufficient material (48.0%), followed by confirmation of results in 24.5% of cases. The predominance of urine recollection in women was due to their having urine tests more often since they are more prone to urinary tract infections, especially in the sexually active and postmenopausal life stages. Conclusion: In general, the urine recollection rate obtained in the research was lower than the goal set by the laboratory; however, the main reasons that led to recollection request could be avoided or minimized if patients had been well educated on the correct collection procedures, indicating the need for constant training and training programs of the work team.


RESUMEN Introdución: El análisis de orina de rutina es una de las pruebas más solicitadas en el laboratorio clínico, pues ayuda en el diagnóstico de diversas enfermedades y en el seguimiento del tratamiento de los pacientes. En este caso, la fase preanalítica es fundamental, puesto que la calidad de la muestra influye directamente en el análisis y en la interpretación del resultado. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los principales errores en la fase preanalítica en la prueba de orina rutinaria de un laboratorio privado y su frecuencia de ocurrencia. Material y método: Se recopilaron datos entre 2014 y 2018. En total, se registraron 107.277 muestras de orina; 98 (0,09%) fueron enviadas para nueva extracción. Resultados: La solicitud de nueva extracción fue mayor entre las mujeres (81,6%); los grupos de edad más afectados fueron de 51 a 60 años y de 21 a 30 años. La justificación más común para la toma repetida fue cantidad insuficiente (48%), seguida de confirmación de resultado, en el 24,5% de los casos. El predominio de las muestras de orina en las mujeres ocurrió debido a la frecuencia de los análisis de orina en las mujeres, porque ellas son más propensas a las infecciones urinarias, especialmente en las etapas de la vida sexualmente activa y posmenopáusica. Conclusión: En general, la tasa de toma repetida de orina obtenida en la investigación fue menor que el objetivo estipulado por el laboratorio, pero las principales razones que llevaron a la solicitud de nueva extracción podrían evitarse o minimizarse si los pacientes hubieran sido bien instruidos sobre los procedimientos correctos de recolección, lo que indica la necesidad de programas de capacitación y entrenamiento constante para el equipo de trabajo.


RESUMO Introdução: O exame de urina de rotina está entre os exames mais solicitados no laboratório clínico, pois auxilia no diagnóstico de várias doenças e no acompanhamento do tratamento dos pacientes. Nesse caso, a fase pré-analítica é fundamental, uma vez que a qualidade da amostra influencia diretamente a análise e a interpretação do resultado. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os principais erros na fase pré-analítica no exame de urina de rotina de um laboratório privado e sua frequência de ocorrência. Material e método: Dados entre 2014 e 2018 foram coletados. Ao todo, 107.277 amostras de urinas foram cadastradas; 98 (0,09%) foram encaminhadas para recoleta. Resultados: A solicitação de recoletas foi maior no sexo feminino (81,6%); as faixas etárias mais acometidas foram de 51 a 60 anos e de 21 a 30 anos. A justificativa mais comum para recoleta foi material insuficiente (48%), seguida por confirmação de resultado, em 24,5% dos casos. O predomínio de recoletas de urina no sexo feminino ocorreu devido à frequência da realização dos exames de urina em mulheres, pois elas estão mais propensas a infecções urinárias, principalmente na fase de vida sexualmente ativa e na pós-menopausa. Conclusão: De forma geral, o índice de recoletas de urinas obtido na pesquisa foi menor que a meta estipulada pelo laboratório, mas os principais motivos que levaram à solicitação de recoleta poderiam ser evitados ou minimizados se os pacientes tivessem sido bem instruídos quanto aos corretos procedimentos de coleta, o que indica a necessidade de programas de capacitação e treinamento constantes da equipe de trabalho.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888132

ABSTRACT

Xanthoceras sorbifolia, an excellent oil-rich woody species, has high comprehensive economic value in edible, medicinal, and ornamental fields. The chemical composition, pharmacological effect, and quality control of X. sorbifolia were introduced, and its development and application were reviewed in this study. As revealed by the previous research, the main chemical constituents of X. sorbifolia were triterpenoids, flavonoids, fatty acids, phenylpropanoids, steroids, phenolic acids, organic acids, etc. It possesses pharmacological effects, such as neuroprotection, bacteriostasis, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, anti-inflammation, analgesia, anti-HIV, and anti-coagulation. X. sorbifolia is widely applied in medical, food, chemical industry, and other fields, and deserves in-depth research and development.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Flavonoids , Research , Sapindaceae , Triterpenes
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2204-2216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887043

ABSTRACT

Desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) is a newly emerging in-situ ionization mass spectrometry analysis technology. The ionization process occurs in an open ambient environment at atmospheric pressure, and has the characteristics of simple sample pretreatment, quick and sensitive analysis, and is widely used in biomedicine, pharmaceutical analysis, food safety, environmental monitoring, and material characterization. Natural medicines, such as Chinese herbal medicines, contain a variety of chemical components. Extraction, separation, identification, and in vitro and in vivo efficacy evaluation of natural medicines, especially research on active ingredients with significant efficacy, have received long-term attention. The development of DESI-MS technology provides many new opportunities for direct and rapid analysis of active ingredients in natural medicines. This article briefly introduces the principles, characteristics, influencing factors, and technical progress of DESI-MS technology, and systematically summarizes progress in the research and application of this technology to natural medicines such as Chinese herbal medicines and other plant samples with pharmacological activity. The future application prospects in this field are further presented.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1749-1756, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887019

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews modern science and technology with regard to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research methods, quality control, and discusses the establishment and improvement of the evaluation system for TCM, focusing on the following issues: 1) How to incorporate the efficacy of TCM in the overall evaluation of TCM quality; 2) how to quantify the efficacy and properties of TCM; 3) how to understand the correlation between the efficacy and properties of TCM and its application; 4) how to reflect the specificity of the effective components in the overall evaluation of TCM quality; and 5) how to reflect the quality value transfer of effective components in the whole process of production and metabolism in vivo to the overall evaluation of TCM quality. The overall quality evaluation of TCM needs to better reflect its clinically safety and effectiveness. It is suggested to establish a clinical quality assessment method based on the content of the chemical components of TCM to explore and establish an overall evaluation method of TCM quality that reflects the efficacy of TCM and conforms with clinical practice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883508

ABSTRACT

As an important branch of medicine,Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM)has been applied for the treatment of diseases for thousands of years in China and other countries in East Asia.The Chinese Pharmacopoeia(ChP)is a drug code formulated by the Chinese government,and it includes a special volume for the monographs of TCM,which plays an important role in ensuring the quality of drugs.The use of quality control technology has always been a complex and important factor in TCM.Owing to the chemical diversity of TCM,chromatography technology has been proven to be a comprehensive strategy for the assessment of the overall quality of TCM and has become the main analytical method in the ChP.This article provides an overview of the classical and modern chromatographic technologies applied in the ChP,and summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of each technique in the TCM monographs.In 2020,the new edition of the ChP(the 2020 edition)has been implemented at the end of 2020.This paper also contains a brief introduction about the application of chromatographic technologies in the new edition of the ChP.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pre-treatment preventive maintenance and quality control procedure of MRI system and transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) treatment system by monitoring quality control of these two systems.@*METHODS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system, as well as the quality assurance program of TcMRgFUS EXABLATE 4000 system were tested and recorded.@*RESULTS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system met requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through system detection, the system performance could be monitored, ensuring the accuracy and safety of surgery.


Subject(s)
Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Control
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879945

ABSTRACT

To develop a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic and isolation ward of the general hospital and to assess its application. Based on the relevant prevention and control plans and technical guidelines for COVID-19,Delphi method was used to identity items for evaluation,and a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in the fever clinic and isolation ward was developed in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. The checklists included 8 dimensions and 32 items for fever clinic,7 dimensions and 27 items for the isolation ward. The appointed inspectors conducted daily quality control for each shift with this checklist. The expert authority coefficient was 0.88,the mean of the importance of each index in the quality control table was not less than 4.8,and the coefficient of variation was not more than 0.07. During the entire February 2020,8 problems were found and rectified on-the-spot with the application of the checklist. Quality inspection rate was 100% in both isolation wards and fever clinic. The compliance rate and accuracy rate of hand hygiene were 100%; the correct rate of wearing and removing protective equipment increased from 96% to 100%. During the same period,a total of 1915 patients were admitted to the fever clinic,including 191 suspected patients (all were isolated in the hospital,3 were confirmed). There were no medical staff infected with COVID-19,no cross infection of patients and their families in the hospital. A quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 has been developed and applied in the isolation wards and fever clinic,which plays an important role in preventing nosocomial infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Checklist , Fever , Hospitals, General , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879667

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study aimed at exploring the application of trauma time axis management in the treatment of severe trauma patients by using the Medicalsystem trauma system.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients with severe trauma. Patients who were admitted before the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system were divided into before system group; patients who were admitted after the application of the system were divided into after system group. Comparison was made between the two groups. For normally distributed data, means were reported along with standard deviation, and comparisons were made using the independent samples t test. Categorical data were compared using the Chi-square test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare nonparametric variables.@*RESULTS@#There were 528 patients admitted to the study during the study period. There was no significant statistical difference in the time from the start of trauma team to arrive at the resuscitation room between the two groups. The time from arrival at hospital to endotracheal intubation, to ventilator therapy, to blood transfusion, to completion of CT scan, to completion of closed thoracic drainage, to the start of operation, as well as the length of stay in resuscitation room and hospital were significantly lower after the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system. The mortality was decreased by 8.6% in the after system group compared with that in the before system group, but there was no statistical difference.@*CONCLUSION@#The Medicalsystem trauma system can optimize diagnosis and treatment process for trauma patients, and accordingly improve the treatment efficiency and shorten the treatment time. Therefore, the Medicalsystem trauma system deserves further popularization and promotion.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 167-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the comparison results of volatile organic components in chemicals tested by occupational health laboratories.METHODS: A total of 37 reference laboratories that participated in the 2019 National Occupational Health Inspection and Testing Institution Laboratory Comparison Chemical Qualitative Testing Comparison organized by Guangdong Occupational Health Testing Center were selected as the research subjects. Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used for the determination of volatile organic components in chemicals. The comparison results of reference laboratories were collected and implemented with qualitative and quantitative evaluation. RESULTS: The qualified rates of the qualitative results of the required hazard factors and other hazard factors in the reference laboratories were higher than those of the quantitative results of similar factors with statistical significance(83.78% vs 67.57%, 89.19% vs 56.76%, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the qualified rate of qualitative and quantitative results and comprehensive judgment results among each reference laboratory with other hazard factors(83.78% vs 89.19%, 67.57% vs 56.76%, 83.78% vs 89.19%, all P>0.05). The qualified rate of 37 reference laboratories was 89.19%(33/37). It showed no significant difference in the qualified rate of qualitative, quantitative and comprehensive judgment results among the reference laboratories of disease prevention and control system and non-disease prevention and control system(93.75% vs 85.72%, 85.00% vs 61.91%, 93.75% vs 85.52%,all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: There are great differences in the detection ability of volatile organic components on chemicals of each reference laboratory. The ability of qualitative detection is superior to the quantitative detection.

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