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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256190, 2024. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364523

ABSTRACT

Particulate matter (PM) is a major air pollutant causing serious health problems. The aim of the present study was to find out concentration of PM in ambient air and its associated health risk in Haripur city, Pakistan. Twenty-three samples were taken at various educational institutes, hospitals, recreational areas and industries in Haripur city. Concentration of PM2.5 (µg/m3) and PM10 (µg/m3) was measured with Youngteng YT-HPC 3000A portable PM counter. The results revealed that values of both PM2.5 and PM10 were above the permissible limits (35 µg/m3 for PM2.5 and 150 µg/m3 for PM10) set by Environmental Protection Agency Pakistan (Pak-EPA) in all the educational institutes, hospitals, recreational areas and industries investigated. Furthermore, significant (p<0.05) variation was found in the concentration of both PM2.5 and PM10 in all the educational institutes, hospitals, recreational areas, and industries studied. The concentration of PM2.5 was positively correlated with the concentration of PM10 in all the sampling sites. Therefore, from 1-14 scale standard of health index, the values of PM2.5 and PM10 exhibited that the ambient air quality of Haripur city Pakistan is under high risk. If the regulatory authorities such as Environmental Protection Agency, Health Department and Local Government monitor PM pollution in different settings of Haripur city, then a decrease can be possible in the pollution level. The remedies that can be taken to overcome the problem of ambient air pollution such as PM are plantation of trees at the sites where there are higher levels of air pollutants and use of masks on personal protection basis along with implementation of pollution control system in industries of Hattar Industrial Estate Haripur city, Pakistan.


O material particulado (MP) é um importante poluente do ar que causa sérios problemas de saúde. O objetivo do presente estudo foi descobrir a concentração de MP no ar ambiente e sua associação com o risco à saúde na cidade de Haripur, Paquistão. Vinte e três amostras foram coletadas em várias instituições de ensino, hospitais, áreas recreativas e indústrias na cidade de Haripur. A concentração de MP2,5 (µg/m3) e MP10 (µg/m3) foi medida por meio do contador de MP portátil Youngteng YT-HPC 3000A. Os resultados revelaram que os valores de MP2,5 e MP10 estavam acima dos limites permitidos (35 µg/m3 para MP2,5 e 150 µg/m3 para MP10) estabelecidos pela Agência de Proteção Ambiental do Paquistão (Pak-EPA) em todas as instituições de ensino, hospitais, áreas recreativas e indústrias investigadas. Além disso, foi encontrada variação significativa (p < 0,05) na concentração de MP2,5 e MP10 em todos os locais estudados. A concentração de MP2,5 correlacionou-se positivamente com a concentração de MP10 em todos os locais de amostragem. Portanto, a partir da escala padrão 1-14 do índice de saúde, os valores de MP2,5 e MP10 mostraram que a qualidade do ar ambiente na cidade de Haripur, Paquistão, está sob alto risco. Se as autoridades reguladoras, como a Pak-EPA, o Departamento de Saúde e o governo local, monitorarem a poluição por MP em diferentes configurações da cidade de Haripur, pode ser que haja uma diminuição no nível de poluição. As medidas que podem ser tomadas para superar o problema da poluição do ar ambiente, como o MP, são o plantio de árvores nos locais onde há maiores níveis de poluentes atmosféricos, o uso de máscaras e a implantação de sistema de controle de poluição nas propriedades industriais de Hattar, na cidade Haripur, Paquistão.


Subject(s)
Health Risk , Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Particulate Matter , Pakistan
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e258275, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364498

ABSTRACT

Variety assortment enhancement is a normal task that involves enhancing the assortment's quality and upgrading varieties. The findings of a research of imported grape varieties in the southeast of Kazakhstan, namely in the Almaty region's bottom-mountain zone, are presented in this article. The onset and conclusion of the main phenological phases of a grape plant throughout the vegetative period were directly influenced by the climatic and meteorological conditions of this district. In comparison to the recognized variety Almaty early-maturing, it has been proven that types Priusadebny, Iyulsky, and Kuibyshevsk early-maturing have a high degree of eyes wintering buds and may provide a high-quality crop in this location.


O aprimoramento da variedade é uma tarefa normal que envolve o aprimoramento da qualidade da variedade e o aprimoramento das variedades. As descobertas de uma pesquisa de variedades de uvas importadas no sudeste do Cazaquistão, ou seja, na zona de base da montanha da região de Almaty, são apresentadas neste artigo. O início e a conclusão das principais fases fenológicas de uma videira ao longo do período vegetativo foram diretamente influenciados pelas condições climáticas e meteorológicas deste distrito. Em comparação com a variedade reconhecida Almaty de maturação precoce, foi comprovado que os tipos Priusadebny, Iyulsky e Kuibyshevsk de maturação precoce têm um alto grau de gomos de inverno de olhos e podem fornecer uma safra de alta qualidade neste local.


Subject(s)
Climate Change , Agricultural Cultivation , Vitis , Kazakhstan
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e251566, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355890

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Seybouse is the second largest river basin in Algeria, hosting an important biodiversity and providing various ecosystem services. This watershed is highly influenced by agricultural and industrial activities, which threaten its biodiversity and ecosystem integrity. The use of benthic macroinvertebrates as biological indicators has a long tradition in developed countries and integrated into all assessments of the ecological quality of river systems. However, the macroinvertebrates of many North African regions are still not well studied, including those of the Seybouse river. The aim of this study is to assess the inventory and ecological role of benthic macroinvertebrates in inland waters of the Seybouse River and determine the impact of pollution on their spatial distributions. We sampled the benthic macrofauna of Wadi Seybouse and its affluents using regular surveys in three sites, of which one was in the upper Seybouse Bouhamdane in Medjez Amar and two in the middle Seybouse. Between December 2019 and May 2020, 10 physico-chemical parameters (pH, EC, OD, water speed, NO3, Salinity, NO2, MES, turbidity, depth) were measured in order to establish a health state diagnosis of these aquatic ecosystems. The complementary biological approach by the analysis of populations of macroinvertebrates identified 7482 individuals and 40 taxa divided into five classes: Crustaceans which were the most dominant, insects with the main orders (Ephemeroptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Heteroptera and Odonata), Molluscs, Nematodes and Annelids. The physico-chemical analyzes and the application of the organic pollution indices indicated a strong to excessive pollution for all sites, especially in Seybouse upstream


Resumo O Seybouse é um rio no nordeste da Argélia, é o segundo maior rio, tem uma área de captação de cerca de 6.500 km2 que acolhe cerca de 1,5 milhões de habitantes. Importantes atividades agrícolas e industriais são desenvolvidas nesta bacia hidrográfica. O uso de macroinvertebrados bentônicos como indicadores biológicos tem uma longa tradição em países desenvolvidos e está integrado em todas as avaliações da qualidade ecológica dos sistemas fluviais. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar o inventário e o papel ecológico dos macroinvertebrados bentônicos nas águas interiores do rio Seybouse e determinar o impacto da poluição em suas distribuições. Resultados semelhantes foram relatados para outros países e rios argelinos. Este estudo enfoca a macrofauna bentônica de Wadi Seybouse e seus afluentes. Foram prospectados 03 locais, um no alto Seybousse Bouhamdane em Medjez Amar e dois no meio Seybousse Salah Salah Salah e Oued Zimba. Entre dezembro de 2019 e maio de 2020, dez parâmetros físico-químicos (pH, CE, DO, velocidade da água, NO3, Salinidade, NO2, MES, turbidez, deth) foram medidos para estabelecer um diagnóstico do estado de saúde desses ecossistemas aquáticos. A abordagem biológica complementar pela análise de populações de macroinvertebrados identificou 7.482 indivíduos e 40 táxons divididos em cinco classes: Crustáceos que são os mais dominantes, Insetos com as ordens principais (Ephemeroptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Heteroptera e Odonata), Moluscos, Nematóides e Anelídeos. As análises físico-químicas e a aplicação dos índices de poluição orgânica, indicaram uma poluição forte a excessiva para todos os locais especialmente Salah Salah Salah.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Ecosystem , Invertebrates , Environmental Monitoring , Biodiversity , Rivers
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250723, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355902

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the anthelminthic feed additive albendazole effect on the main indicators of the quality of sheep meat obtained from infected and deworming animals. A total of 20 heads of Akzhaik meat and wool sheep (i.e. 2 years of age, of different sex) were used in a 20-day experiment and 2 groups of 10 heads were formed (n = 4). The sheep were fed with the basic diet (i.e. control, group CON), without adding anything, and the second group was fed the basic diet orally with the addition of a dose of 1.2 g / head (an experimental group). At the end of the experiment, a control slaughter was carried out from each group in order to study the biochemical composition of meat and its quality. The anthelmintic feed additive albendazole did not have a significant effect on the indicators (organoleptic and physicochemical) of meat quality (P> 0.04). However, the ratio of fat and ash in the meat of the control group has differences in indicators and is reduced by 24.81% and 0.03%, respectively. The drug had a significant effect on the biological value of meat in the experimental group, where there is a higher content of essential amino acids (P = 0.06), nonessential (P = 0.05) concentrations in comparison with the CON groups. The results obtained show that the meat of the experimental groups of sheep, when using the anthelminthic feed additive albendazole, did not have a significant effect on organoleptic parameters, but significantly positively influenced the metabolism, live weight gain and biological value of meat.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do aditivo anti-helmíntico albendazol sobre os principais indicadores de qualidade da carne ovina obtida de animais infectados e desparasitados. Um total de 20 cabeças de carne Akzhaik e ovelhas de lã (ou seja, 2 anos de idade, de sexo diferente) foi usado em um experimento de 20 dias e dois grupos de 10 cabeças foram formados (n = 4). As ovelhas foram alimentadas com dieta básica (ou seja, controle, grupo CON), sem adicionar nada, e o segundo grupo foi alimentado com dieta básica por via oral com a adição de uma dose de 1,2 g / cabeça (um grupo experimental). Ao final do experimento, foi realizado um abate controle de cada grupo para estudar a composição bioquímica da carne e sua qualidade. O aditivo anti-helmíntico albendazol não teve efeito significativo sobre os indicadores (organolépticos e físico-químicos) de qualidade da carne (P > 0,04). No entanto, a proporção de gordura e cinzas na carne do grupo de controle tem diferenças nos indicadores e é reduzida em 24,81% e 0,03%, respectivamente. A droga teve efeito significativo sobre o valor biológico da carne no grupo experimental, onde há maior teor de aminoácidos essenciais (P = 0,06), concentrações não essenciais (P = 0,05) em comparação com os grupos CON. Os resultados obtidos mostram que a carne dos grupos experimentais de ovinos, ao utilizar o aditivo anti-helmíntico albendazol, não teve efeito significativo nos parâmetros organolépticos, mas influenciou positivamente de forma significativa no metabolismo, ganho de peso vivo e valor biológico da carne.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Feed/analysis , Anthelmintics , Sheep , Albendazole , Diet/veterinary , Meat/analysis
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(1): 7-12, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403471

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new-generation hybrid contact lens for improving visual outcomes and vision-related quality-of-life performance in patients with keratoconus who had intolerance or treatment failure of conventional correction methods such as the use of soft silicone-hydrogel or rigid gas-permeable contact lenses. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with keratoconus (42 eyes) were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study. Airflex (Swisslens) lenses were fitted in the patients' eyes in accordance with the manufacturer's instruction. Ophthalmologic examinations, including manifest refraction, best-corrected distance visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ-25) assessment, were performed at baseline and the 6-month visit. Results: An adequate fit was achieved in 39 eyes (92.9%) of 26 patients. Six eyes of 3 patients were excluded from the study owing to discontinuation of lens wearing. The mean age of the successful wearers was 20.3 ± 4.9 years. The mean best-corrected distance visual acuity was statistically significantly improved from 0.62 ± 0.30 to 0.11 ± 0.06 logMAR with the Airflex hybrid contact lenses (p<0.001). The mean overall composite NEI-VFQ-25 score statistically significantly increased with the Airflex hybrid contact lenses at the 6-month visit as compared with that at baseline (from 77.1 ± 16.3 to 90.9 ± 7.3, p=0.036). Statistically significantly better scores were obtained with the Airflex hybrid contact lenses in all the NEI-VFQ-25 subscale items (all p<0.05). No significant adverse effects were observed. Conclusions: New-generation hybrid contact lenses can be used as an effective alternative for correction of irregular astigmatism in patients with keratoconus who have intolerance or treatment failure of conventional methods. Significant improvement in vision-related quality-of-life in patients with keratoconus can be achieved with these lenses.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a eficácia de lentes de contato híbridas de nova geração nos resultados visuais e na qualidade de vida relacionada à visão em pacientes com ceratocone com intolerância ou insucesso dos métodos de correção habituais, tais como lentes flexíveis de silicone-hidrogel ou rígidas permeáveis a gases. Métodos: Foram incluídos neste estudo transversal prospectivo 42 olhos de 28 pacientes com ceratocone. Uma lente Airflex (Swisslens) foi aplicada nos olhos de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Um exame oftalmológico, incluindo refração manifesta, melhor acuidade visual corrigida para longe, biomicroscopia com lâmpada de fenda e a aplicação do National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI-VFQ-25), foi realizado no início do estudo e na visita de 6 meses. Resultados: Foi possível obter um ajuste adequado em 39 olhos (92,9%) de 26 pacientes. Foram excluídos do estudo 6 olhos de 3 pacientes devido à cessação do uso de lentes. A idade média dos usuários bem-sucedidos era de 20,3 ± 4,9 anos. A média da melhor acuidade visual corrigida para longe foi melhorada estatisticamente de 0,62 ± 0,30 para 0,11 ± 0,06 logMAR com as lentes de contato híbridas Airflex (p<0,001). A pontuação média geral composta no questionário NEI-VFQ-25 aumentou de forma estatisticamente significativa com a lente de contato híbrida Airflex na visita de 6 meses, em comparação com a pontuação inicial (de 77,1 ± 16,3 para 90,9 ± 7,3, p=0,036). As lentes de contato híbridas Airflex apresentaram pontuações melhores com significância estatística em todos os itens das sub-escalas do NEI-VFQ-25 (todos com p<0,05). Nenhum efeito adverso significativo foi observado. Conclusões: Lentes de contato híbridas de nova ge ração podem ser usadas como uma alternativa eficaz para a correção do astigmatismo irregular em pacientes com ceratocone com intolerância ou insucesso dos métodos habituais. Com essas lentes, pode-se alcançar uma melhora significativa na qualidade de vida relacionada à visão em pacientes com ceratocone.

6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244494, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285607

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since water is one of the essentials for life, the presence and quality of water in the habitat is extremely important. Therefore, water quality change and management of Lake Aygır was investigated in this study. For this, water samples collected from the lake and the irrigation pool between May 2015 and May 2016 were analyzed monthly. Spectrophotometric, titrimetric and microbiological methods were used to determine the water quality. According to some water quality regulations, HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, fecal coliform and total suspended solid (TSS) values were found above the limit values. The other 29 parameters comply with Turkish national and international legislations. Lake Aygır was negatively affected by the surrounding settlements and agricultural activities. It is thought that the water resource should be monitored periodically and remedial studies should be done to prevent parameters exceeding the limits. However, Lake Aygır was generally suitable for drinking, use, fishing and irrigation.


Resumo Como a água é um dos elementos essenciais para a vida, a presença e a qualidade da água no habitat são extremamente importantes. Portanto, a mudança da qualidade da água e a gestão do lago Aygır foram investigadas neste estudo. Para isso, amostras de água coletadas no lago e na piscina de irrigação entre maio de 2015 e maio de 2016 foram analisadas mensalmente. Métodos espectrofotométricos, titulométricos e microbiológicos foram usados para determinar a qualidade da água. De acordo com alguns regulamentos de qualidade da água, os valores de HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, coliformes fecais e total sólido suspenso (TSS) foram encontrados acima dos valores limite. Os outros 29 parâmetros estão em conformidade com as legislações nacionais e internacionais turcas. O lago Aygır foi afetado negativamente pelos assentamentos e atividades agrícolas ao redor. Pensa-se que o recurso hídrico deve ser monitorado periodicamente e estudos corretivos devem ser feitos para evitar que os parâmetros ultrapassem os limites. No entanto, o lago Aygır era geralmente adequado para beber, usar, pescar e irrigar.


Subject(s)
Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis , Lakes , Turkey , Water Quality , Environmental Monitoring , Fisheries
7.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 76(1): e20220075, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1407473

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to analyze the factors associated with psychopathological symptoms among nurses at a university hospital. Methods: a cross-sectional study developed at a university hospital in Pernambuco, in which 90 nurses participated. A questionnaire with social and professional characteristics and the Symptom Assessment Scale were used. Results: an association was found between the variable changing profession and the presence of characteristic symptoms of psychoticism, somatization and anxiety among nurses. Conclusions: the emergence of psychopathological symptoms has influenced nurses' desire to search for another profession. This evidence reinforces the need for greater investments in better working conditions and welcoming actions in the work environment, in order to provide a better quality of professional life and promote the health of these workers.


RESUMEN Objetivos: analizar los factores asociados a síntomas psicopatológicos en enfermeros de un hospital universitario. Métodos: estudio transversal, desarrollado en un hospital universitario de Pernambuco, en el que participaron 90 enfermeros. Se utilizó un cuestionario con características socioprofesionales y la Escala de Evaluación de Síntomas. Resultados: se encontró asociación entre la variable cambio de profesión y la presencia de síntomas característicos de psicoticismo, somatización y ansiedad entre los enfermeros. Conclusiones: la aparición de síntomas psicopatológicos ha influido en el deseo de los enfermeros de buscar otra profesión. Esta evidencia refuerza la necesidad de mayores inversiones en mejores condiciones de trabajo y acciones de acogida en el ambiente de trabajo, con el fin de proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida profesional y promover la salud de estos trabajadores.


RESUMO Objetivos: analisar os fatores associados aos sintomas psicopatológicos entre enfermeiros de um hospital universitário. Métodos: estudo transversal, desenvolvido em um hospital universitário de Pernambuco, em que participaram 90 enfermeiros. Foi utilizado um questionário com características sociais e profissiográficas e a Escala de Avaliação de Sintomas. Resultados: foi constatada a associação entre a variável mudar de profissão e a presença de sintomas característicos de psicoticismo, somatização e ansiedade entre os enfermeiros. Conclusões: o surgimento de sintomas psicopatológicos tem influenciado no desejo de enfermeiros na busca por outra profissão. Essa evidência reforça a necessidade de maiores investimentos em melhores condições de trabalho e ações de acolhimento no ambiente laboral, a fim de proporcionar uma melhor qualidade de vida profissional e favorecer a promoção a saúde desses trabalhadores.

8.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 92-96, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411354

ABSTRACT

Background. The quality of life of the elderly can be compromised by several chronic diseases. This has a considerable impact on their physical and mental capacities.This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of the elderly at the Yaoundé Central Hospital. Methods.We carried out a cross-sectional study of elderly patients who consulted at the Yaounde Central Hospital forfive months. Sociodemographic characteristics were taken, and we also took data concerning their chronic conditions and depressive symptoms. The presence of any cognitive impairment was evaluated using the Mini-mental state Examination (MMSE). Their functional capacity was assessed with the six-minute walk test. Quality of life was evaluated using the older people's quality of life questionnaire (OPQOL). The multivariate analysis was done on the logistic regression model, and the p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results.66 participants were included (35 women) with a median age of 70 (IQR: 67 -75) years. About 87.8% had at least one chronic condition, and 47% had two or more. The most prevalent chronic condition was hypertension (71.2%), followed by abdominal obesity (40.9%) and heart failure (24.2%). Mild depressive symptoms were present in 1.5% of our study population. Fourteen participants (21.2%) had a poor quality of life. The factors associated with a poor quality of life was a distance covered in the 6 MWT less than 350m (OR: 3.7, p < 0.05). Conclusion.There is a high prevalence of poor quality of life among elderly patients consulting at the Yaoundé Central Hospital. A distance covered in the 6MWT less than 350m is associated with poor quality of life.


Introduction. La qualité de vie des personnes âgées peut être compromise par la survenue de plusieurs pathologies chroniques. Cela a un impact considérable sur leurs capacités physiques mais aussi sur leurs capacités mentales. Le but de cette étude était d'évaluer la qualité de vie des personnes âgées suivies à l'Hôpital Central de Yaoundé. Méthodologie. Nous avons réalisé une étude transversale analytique sur des patients âgés ayant consulté à l'hôpital central de Yaoundé pendant une période de cinq mois. Les caractéristiques sociodémographiques ont été prises, ainsi que leurs différentes comorbidités. La présence d'un déficit cognitif a été évaluée à l'aide du Mini Mental State Examination(MMSE). Leur capacité fonctionnelle a été évaluée à l'aide du test de marche de six minutes. La qualité de vie a été évaluée à l'aide du score OPQOL.. L'analyse multivariée a été effectuée sur le modèle de régression logistique et les valeurs de p < 0,05 ont été considérées comme statistiquement significatives. Résultats. 66 participants ont été inclus (35 femmes) avec un âge médian de 70 (IQR : 67 -75) ans. Parmi eux, environ 87,8 % avaient au moins une maladie chronique et 47 % en avaient deux ou plus. L'affection chronique la plus répandue était l'hypertension artérielle (71,2 %), suivie de l'insuffisance cardiaque (24,2 %) et de l'arthrose (12,1 %). Des symptômes dépressifs légers étaient présents chez 1,5 % de la population de notre étude. 14 participants (21,2 %) avaient une mauvaise qualité de vie. Les facteurs associés à unemauvaise qualité de vie étaient une distance parcourue dans le 6MWT inférieure à 350m (OR : 3,7, p < 0,05). Conclusion. Il existe une forte prévalence de la mauvaise qualité de vie chez ce groupe de patients âgés camerounais dont le facteur associé retrouvéest une distance parcourue durant le 6MWT inférieure à 350m.Ceci confirme le bénéfice de l'activité physique sur le plan physique et mental, indispensable pour une meilleure qualité de vie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Physical Endurance , Quality of Life , Urban Population , Aged , Exercise , Mental Health , Walk Test
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220228, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404753

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a associação entre as vivências em sexualidade com as variáveis biossociodemográficas e a qualidade de vida de pessoas idosas. Métodos estudo transversal, desenvolvido com 1.922 pessoas idosas brasileiras, cujos dados foram coletados por meio de web survey. Utilizaram-se três instrumentos para a obtenção dos dados biossociodemográficos, da sexualidade e da qualidade de vida. A análise foi realizada com os testes de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, correlação de Spearman e regressão linear multivariada, com método de entrada "inserir", adotando Intervalo de Confiança de 95%. Resultados a avaliação geral da sexualidade esteve associada fortemente com estado civil (p<0,001); religião (p=0,001); não ter filhos (p<0,001); orientação sexual (p=0,008) e recebimento de orientações sobre sexualidade pelos profissionais de saúde (p=0,002). A sexualidade correlacionou-se de forma positiva e com diferentes magnitudes com todas as facetas de qualidade de vida (p<0,001). A análise de regressão demonstrou que todas as dimensões da sexualidade permaneceram associadas, positivamente, com qualidade de vida: ato sexual [β=0,154; IC95%=0,083-0,225; p<0,001]; relações afetivas [β=0,335; IC95%=0,263-0,407; p<0,001] e adversidades física e social [β=1,388; IC95%=1,206-1,571; p<0,001]. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: a sexualidade associou-se, significativamente, com algumas variáveis biossociodemográficas e esteve correlacionada, positivamente, com a qualidade de vida das pessoas idosas investigadas.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la asociación entre experiencias en sexualidad con las variables biosociodemográficas y la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores. Métodos estudio transversal desarrollado con 1.922 ancianos brasileños, cuyos datos fueron recolectados a través de una encuesta web. Se usaron tres instrumentos para obtener datos biosociodemográficos, de sexualidad y de la calidad de vida. El análisis se realizó mediante las pruebas de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, correlación de Spearman y regresión lineal multivariada, con método de entrada "ingresar", adoptando un Intervalo de Confianza del 95%. Resultados la evaluación general de la sexualidad se asoció fuertemente con el estado civil (p <0,001); religión (p = 0,001); no tener hijos (p <0,001); orientación sexual (p = 0,008) y recibir orientación sobre sexualidad por parte de profesionales de la salud (p = 0,002). La sexualidad se correlacionó positivamente y con diferentes magnitudes con todas las facetas de la calidad de vida (p <0,001). El análisis de regresión mostró que todas las dimensiones de la sexualidad permanecieron asociadas positivamente con la calidad de vida: relaciones sexuales [β = 0,154; IC95% = 0,083-0,225; p <0,001]; relaciones afectivas [β = 0,335; IC95% = 0,263-0,407; p <0,001] y adversidades físicas y sociales [β = 1,388; IC95% = 1,206-1,571; p <0,001]. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la sexualidad se asoció significativamente con algunas variables biosociodemográficas y se correlacionó positivamente con la calidad de vida de los ancianos investigados.


Abstract Objective to analyze the association between experiences of sexuality with bio-socio-demographic variables and quality of life of elderly people. Methods cross-sectional study, developed with 1,922 Brazilian elderly people, whose data were collected through a web survey. Three instruments were used to obtain bio-socio-demographic data, sexuality and quality of life. The analysis was carried out with the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation and multivariate linear regression tests, with the "insert" input method, adopting a 95% confidence interval. Results the overall assessment of sexuality was strongly associated with marital status (p<0.001); religion (p=0.001); not having children (p<0.001); sexual orientation (p=0.008) and receiving guidance on sexuality from health professionals (p=0.002). Sexuality correlated positively and with different magnitudes with all facets of quality of life (p<0.001). Regression analysis demonstrated that all dimensions of sexuality remained positively associated with quality of life: sexual act [β=0.154; 95%CI=0.083-0.225; p<0.001]; affective relationships [β=0.335; 95%CI=0.263-0.407; p<0.001] and physical and social adversity [β=1.388; 95%CI=1.206-1.571; p<0.001]. Conclusion and implications for practice sexuality was significantly associated with some bio-socio-demographic variables and positively correlated with the quality of life of the elderly people investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Health of the Elderly , Sexuality , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Profile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coitus
10.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(6): 792-799, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403258

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The objective of the present study was to evaluate a possible association between personality factors (PF) and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients. This allows for the investigation of obstacles related to treatment type and the presence of complications in HRQoL. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 78 patients aged 13-67 years from two diabetes clinics. PF was evaluated using the validated questionnaire Inventory of the Five Great Personality Factors. HRQoL was determined using the Brazilian Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (B-PAID) questionnaire. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and Welch's modified two-sample t-test were used to establish relationships. Results: In this sample of 46 women and 32 men with T1D and mean A1C of 8%-9%, we observed great suffering in 58.97% and that HRQoL was worse in women. "Openness" was the most prevalent PF and "extroversion" the least prevalent. "Neuroticism" facilitated a tendency to tolerate suffering. Conclusion: T1D patients' personalities influence their treatment. The PF "neuroticism" is potentially related to better HRQoL. Brazilian T1D patients indicated great suffering in their HRQoL, which may be characteristic across the country. Women experienced worse HRQoL, which is in line with world literature. However, the limited sample size in this study warrant further research to test the hypotheses.

11.
CienciaUAT ; 17(1): 17-34, jul.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404104

ABSTRACT

Resumen El aumento demográfico de adultos mayores se está presentando acompañado de condiciones socioeconómicas y de salud desfavorables, que afectan su calidad de vida. Esta situación puede paliarse a través del marco del envejecimiento activo, el cual aporta lineamientos alternativos que pueden resultar eficaces para contrarrestarlos. La Organización Mundial de la Salud establece que el envejecimiento activo tiene seis Determinantes Sociales de la Salud (DSS) que han sido abordados desde diferentes áreas por la comunidad científica. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue identificar y caracterizar el tipo de estudios enfocados a la calidad de vida, desde el envejecimiento activo, y clasificarlos de acuerdo con los DSS. Se revisaron las bases de datos Ebscohost, Scopus, Oxford, Redalyc y Sage Journals. Los descriptores utilizados fueron "envejecimiento activo" y "calidad de vida", en inglés y español. La búsqueda del mapeo sistemático comprendió enero 2015 a marzo 2022. Se localizaron 91 artículos en los que se evaluó la calidad de vida, desde la perspectiva del envejecimiento activo y la mayoría (81.3 %) fueron estudios transversales. Se identificaron 3 intervenciones psicológicas, con evaluación antes y después de las sesiones, abordando los DSS relacionados con los factores personales, como salud psicológica, percepción positiva con la actividad física y función cognitiva. Así mismo, los factores conductuales, como estilos de vida para la prevención de riesgo de caídas y mejora de la vida en general, que podrían condicionar la calidad de vida. El principal alcance temático de los estudios fue la vinculación existente entre la calidad de vida y los DSS relacionados con los factores personales y con el entorno social. Se requieren más estudios interdisciplinarios que ayuden a generar políticas públicas que impacten favorablemente en este sector poblacional.


Abstract The demographic increase of elderly people is taking place along with unfavorable socioeconomic and health conditions, which affect their quality of life. This situation can be alleviated through an active aging framework, which provides alternative guidelines that can be effective in counteracting them. The World Health Organization establishes that active aging has six Social Determinants of Health (SDH) that have been approached from different areas by the scientific community. The objective of this work was to identify and characterize the type of studies focused on quality of life, from active aging, and classify them according to the SDH. Ebscohost, Scopus, Oxford, Redalyc and Sage Journals databases were reviewed. The descriptors used were "active aging" and "quality of life", in English and Spanish. The systematic mapping search comprised from January 2015 to March 2022. 91 articles were located where quality of life was evaluated from the perspective of active aging and the majority (81.3 %) were cross-sectional studies. Three psychological interventions were identified, with an evaluation before and after the sessions, comprising the SDH related to personal factors, such as psychological health, positive perception with physical activity and cognitive function. Likewise, behavioral factors such as lifestyles for the prevention of risk of falls and general life improvement which could condition the quality of life. The main thematic scope of the analyzed studies was the existing relationship between quality of life and the SDH related to personal factors and the social environment. Further interdisciplinary studies are required to contribute to the creation of public policy that impacts favorably this sector of the population.

12.
CienciaUAT ; 17(1): 89-106, jul.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404109

ABSTRACT

Resumen La producción de la información, en relación con su calidad dentro de la práctica periodística en general, está supeditada a diversos criterios, como la veracidad de la fuente, la acreditación de los autores, la comprensión del texto y la relevancia de la información, entre otros indicadores. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue desarrollar una escala para evaluar la calidad de la información transmitida por medios de comunicación en Internet. Para ello, se realizaron tres etapas generales: la primera estuvo conformada por 13 estudios, donde, después de un análisis de contenido, se extrajeron las dimensiones o aspectos de la calidad de la información más frecuentemente mencionados. Posteriormente, se procedió a la detección de 35 indicadores, clasificados en 5 dimensiones; en la segunda se obtuvieron 65 ítems, a partir de la clasificación de 5 dimensiones y los 35 indicadores; en la tercera se pilotó el instrumento obtenido, el cual adquirió un formato de lista de verificación integrado por 38 ítems, y con el propósito de determinar la validez de discriminación y la confiabilidad de la escala, se aplicó a una muestra no aleatoria de 100 noticias sobre COVID-19, publicadas en sitios de internet durante el 21 de enero de 2020 y el 31 de julio de 2021. La escala desarrollada permitió evaluar la calidad de la información que se transmite por medios de comunicación electrónicos, por lo que puede ser utilizada para mejorar las prácticas de los encargados de construir el contenido informativo y divulgarlo.


Abstract Information production, regarding its quality within journalistic practice in general, is subject to various criteria, such as the veracity of the source, the accreditation of the authors, the understanding of the text, and the relevance of the information, among other indicators. The objective of the present work was to develop a scale to assess the quality of information broadcasted by media on the Internet. To achieve this goal, three general stages were carried out: the first consisted of 13 studies, where, after a content analysis, the most frequently mentioned quality information dimensions were extracted. Subsequently, 35 indicators classified in 5 dimensions were detected. In the second stage, 65 items were obtained from the classification of 5 dimensions and 35 indicators. In the third stage, the obtained instrument was piloted. The instrument acquired a checklist format made up of 38 items. To determine the discrimination validity and the reliability of the scale, it was applied to a non-random sample of 100 COVID-19 news posted on internet sites from January 21st, 2020, to July 31, 2021. The developed scale allowed the evaluation of the quality of information broadcasted by electronic media, it can therefore be used to improve the practices of those in charge of constructing the informative content and disseminating it.

13.
Enfermeria (Montev.) ; 11(2)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404694

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La calidad de vida en el trabajo (CVT) o calidad de vida laboral (CVL) expresa la satisfacción de los trabajadores, en este caso enfermeras, que está directamente relacionada con la seguridad y calidad del cuidado del paciente. Objetivo: Identificar, desde la literatura científica, niveles de satisfacción con la calidad de vida en el trabajo de las enfermeras latinoamericanas, factores de riesgo asociados y repercusiones en la salud. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión integrativa en bases de datos PubMed, SciELO, BVS y Google Académico relacionado con estudios publicados en el período enero 2011 - agosto 2021, en inglés, portugués y español. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 13 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, realizados en personal de salud que incluyeron a enfermeras. Se establecieron tres categorías de análisis: Satisfacción e insatisfacción con la calidad de vida en el trabajo por niveles, dimensiones y dominios; Factores sociolaborales asociados a la CVT, y Calidad de vida en el trabajo y sus repercusiones en salud. Conclusión: La revisión permitió identificar aun de forma limitada que la calidad de vida en el trabajo de las enfermeras latinoamericanas mayoritariamente alcanzó niveles medio a bajo, con influencia de factores sociodemográficos y laborales, y con repercusiones en la salud de las enfermeras. Por lo tanto, es emergente profundizar en el estudio del tema, considerando que la insatisfacción con la calidad de vida en el trabajo de estas profesionales puede repercutir tanto en su propia salud como en la calidad del cuidado.


Resumo: Introdução: Qualidade de vida no trabalho (QVT) ou qualidade de vida laboral (QVL) expressa a satisfação dos trabalhadores, neste caso enfermeiras, que é diretamente relacionada com a segurança e a qualidade do atendimento ao paciente. Objetivo: Identificar, a partir da literatura científica, os níveis de satisfação com a qualidade de vida no trabalho das enfermeiras latino-americanas, os fatores de risco associados e as repercussões na saúde. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados PubMed, SciELO, BVS e Google Scholar relacionadas a estudos publicados no período de janeiro de 2011 a agosto de 2021, em inglês, português e espanhol. Resultados: Foram selecionados treze artigos que preenchiam os critérios de inclusão, conduzidos em profissionais da saúde que incluía enfermeiras. Foram estabelecidas três categorias de análise: satisfação e insatisfação com a qualidade de vida no trabalho por níveis, dimensões e domínios; fatores sócio-ocupacionais associados ao QVT; e qualidade de vida no trabalho e seu impacto na saúde. Conclusão: A revisão permitiu identificar, mesmo de forma limitada, que a qualidade de vida no trabalho das enfermeiras latino-americanas atingiu em sua maioria níveis médios a baixos, influenciada por fatores sócio-demográficos e de trabalho, com repercussões na saúde das enfermeiras. Portanto, é importante estudar o assunto com mais profundidade, considerando que a insatisfação com a qualidade de vida no trabalho dessas profissionais pode ter repercussões tanto sobre sua própria saúde quanto sobre a qualidade do atendimento.


Abstract: Introduction: Quality of life at work (QOL) or quality of work life (QWL) expresses the satisfaction of workers, in this case nurses, which is directly related to the safety and quality of patient care. Objective: To identify, from the scientific literature, levels of satisfaction with quality of life at work among Latin American nurses, associated risk factors and repercussions on health. Methodology: An integrative review was carried out in PubMed, SciELO, BVS and Google Scholar databases related to studies published in the period January 2011 - August 2021, in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Results: 13 articles were selected that met the inclusion criteria, conducted in health personnel that included nurses. Three categories of analysis were established: satisfaction and dissatisfaction with quality of life at work by levels, dimensions and domains; social and labor factors associated with QOL; and quality of life at work and its impact on health. Conclusion: The review made it possible to identify, even in a limited way, that the quality of life at work of Latin American nurses mostly reached medium to low levels, influenced by sociodemographic and labor factors, and with repercussions on nurses' health. Therefore, it is important to study the subject in depth, considering that dissatisfaction with the quality of life at work of these professionals can have repercussions on their own health as well as on the quality of care.

14.
Hacia promoc. salud ; 27(2): 130-143, jul.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404975

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: identificar los factores que impactan en la calidad de vida de las personas y su incidencia en las directrices sanitarias, a partir del área de dirección estratégica. Metodología: investigación cuantitativa, en la cual se utilizó la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida 2015-2016 e información de los servicios de salud de Chile al año 2019, se determinó una muestra de 6.818 personas sobre la cual se aplicó un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: se obtiene un valor del índice global de ajuste GoF de 0.5131, considerado un buen ajuste del modelo, y la calidad de vida fue explicada en un 48,2 % por los factores internos y externos considerados. Además, las directrices estratégicas sanitarias fueron explicadas en un 32,1 % por la calidad de vida, comprobando que incide en las directrices de salud del país. Conclusiones: la calidad de vida posee un carácter multidimensional que se puede visualizar a través de un modelo que reúne los factores internos y externos y, debido a que la calidad de vida es fundamental para mejorar el bienestar de la población, está presente en las directrices sanitarias de los servicios de salud de Chile.


Abstract Objective: to identify the factors that impact on the quality of life of people and their impact on health guidelines based on the area of strategic management. Methodology: quantitative research, in which the National Quality of Life Survey 2015-2016 and information from the Chilean health services to the year 2019 were used. A sample of 6.818 people was determined on which a model of structural equations was applied. Results: a global goodness of fit index, GoF of 0.5131 was obtained, considered a good fit of the model, and 48.2% of quality of life was explained by the internal and external factors considered. In addition, the strategic health guidelines were explained in 32.1% by the quality of life, verifying that it affects the health guidelines of the country. Conclusions: quality of life has a multidimensional character that can be visualized through a model that brings together internal and external factors and, because quality of life is essential to improve the well-being of the population, it is present in health guidelines of the Chilean health services.


Resumo Objetivo: identificar os fatores que impactam na qualidade de vida das pessoas e sua incidência nas diretrizes sanitárias, a partir da área de direção estratégica. Metodologia: pesquisa quantitativa, na qual se utilizou a Enquete Nacional de Qualidade de Vida 2015-2016 e informação dos serviços de saúde do Chile ao ano 2019, se determinou uma amostra de 6.818 pessoas sobre a qual se aplicou um modelo de equações estruturais. Resultados: obtémse um valor do índice global de ajuste GoF de 0.5131, considerado um bom ajuste do modelo, e a qualidade de vida foi explicada em um 48,2 % pelos fatores internos e externos considerados. Além, as diretrizes estratégicas sanitárias foram explicadas em um 32,1 % pela qualidade de vida, comprovando que incide nas diretrizes de saúde do país. Conclusões: a qualidade de vida possui um caráter multidimensional que se pode visualizar a través de um modelo que reúne os fatores internos e externos e, devido a que a qualidade de vida é fundamental para melhorar o bem-estar da população, está presente nas diretrizes sanitárias dos serviços de saúde do Chile.

15.
Humanidad. med ; 22(3)sept.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405111

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo del estudio estuvo dirigido a establecer los indicadores de alteraciones psicosociales y las dimensiones que interfieren en la calidad de vida, según el paciente con daño cerebral adquirido, sus familiares y los especialistas de asistencia, pertenecientes al Consejo Popular San Juan de Dios. Se realizó un estudio mixto cuanticualitativo en el período comprendido entre mayo de 2018 y mayo de 2020, el que se extiende hasta hoy, atendiendo a los resultados que se han incorporado a la práctica médica sobre la base de la implementación de un proyecto de investigación que se ejecutó a partir de la colaboración entre el Centro de Desarrollo de las Ciencias Sociales y Humanísticas en Salud y el Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech, de Camagüey. La muestra la constituyeron 30 pacientes y sus familiares, pertenecientes a los consultorios de mayor prevalencia en los casos objeto de estudio. Para el desarrollo de la investigación se emplearon métodos empíricos, teóricos y matemático-estadísticos y se aplicó la escala de la calidad de vida del paciente con daño cerebral (CAVIDACE), dirigida a la familia. Como principales resultados se determinó que las principales funciones psíquicas superiores que mostraron alteraciones fueron los procesos de atención y memoria. Se apreciaron en la mayoría de los pacientes alteraciones emocionales, conductuales, en la autonomía funcional y en la integración social. Las dimensiones de la calidad de vida que evidencian más alteraciones fueron la inserción social, el bienestar emocional y físico, el desarrollo personal y las relaciones interpersonales. De acuerdo con el percentil de la escala se evidenciaron resultados de calidad de vida baja en la mayoría de los pacientes, posterior al daño cerebral adquirido.


ABSTRACT The general objective of the study was aimed at establishing the indicators of psychosocial alterations and the dimensions that interfere with quality of life, according to the patient with acquired brain injury, their relatives and assistance specialists, belonging to the San Juan de Dios Popular Council. A mixed quantitative-qualitative study was carried out in the period between May 2018 and May 2020, which extends until today, based on the results that have been incorporated into medical practice based on the implementation of a research project that It was executed from the collaboration between the Center for the Development of Social and Humanistic Sciences in Health and the Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital, in Camagüey. The sample was made up of 30 patients and their relatives, belonging to the most prevalent clinics in the cases under study. For the development of the research, empirical, theoretical and mathematical-statistical methods were used, and the scale of the quality of life of the patient with brain damage (CAVIDACE), aimed at the family, was applied. As main results, it was determined that the main superior psychic functions that showed alterations were: attention and memory processes. Emotional, behavioral, functional autonomy and social integration alterations were observed in most of the patients. The dimensions of quality of life that showed more alterations were: social insertion, emotional and physical well-being, personal development and interpersonal relationships. According to the percentile of the scale, results of low quality of life were evidenced in most of the patients, after to the acquired cerebral damage.

16.
MHSalud ; 19(2)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405525

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia generada por el COVID-19 se ha convertido en un desafío para atletas de la mayoría de las disciplinas. La incertidumbre frente al contagio ha repercutido física y psicológicamente, y ha provocado un deterioro de la calidad de vida no solo en quienes han contraído la enfermedad sino también en quienes han tenido que vivir el confinamiento. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo conocer las percepciones de atletas de Slackline respecto a los efectos en los entrenamientos y calidad de vida derivados de dicha situación. La investigación se sustenta en un método cuantitativo exploratorio-descriptivo de corte transversal; el instrumento utilizado fue una encuesta autoaplicada con tres dimensiones la cual fue contestada correctamente por 229 personas de 28 países, 176 hombres (15 - 57 años) y 51 mujeres (20 - 43 años), pertenecientes a Europa, América, Asia y Oceanía. Los resultados arrojan que el 97,8% señala haber perdido la motivación, el 60,2% declara tener malas condiciones de infraestructura o poco acceso a sus lugares de entrenamiento, el 65,5% tiene inconvenientes económicos y el 88,2% ha presentado problemas de salud: se destaca que el 10% de las personas encuestadas han sido diagnosticado con COVID-19 positivo. Se concluye que el confinamiento y situación de pandemia han creado un ambiente desfavorable para los atletas y las atletas de Slackline debido a las complicaciones para realizar sus entrenamientos dada la ausencia de acceso a espacios públicos, desmotivación, pérdida de capacidad física y aumento de lesiones.


Abstract The COVID-19 disease is an emerging pandemic challenge, which has physical and psychological repercussions, deteriorating the quality of life in those who have been infected and, in turn, in those who have had to live in confinement. The objective of this study is to know the perceptions of Slackline athletes regarding the effects on training and quality of life derived from the COVID-19 situation. The research is based on a cross-sectional exploratory-descriptive quantitative method. The instrument used was a self-applied survey with three dimensions; 229 people from 28 countries correctly answered it, 176 men (15 - 57 years) and 51 women (20 - 43 years), belonging to Europe, America, Asia, and Oceania. The results show that 97.8% say they have lost motivation, 60.2% declare they have poor infrastructure conditions and / or little access to their training places, 65.5% have financial problems, and 88.2 % have presented health problems, highlighting that 10% of those surveyed have been diagnosed with positive COVID-19. It is concluded that the confinement and pandemic situation has created an unfavorable environment for Slackline athletes due to the complications to carry out their training sessions, lack of access to public spaces, demotivation, loss of physical capacity, and increase in injuries.


Resumo A COVID-19 é um desafio pandêmico emergente, que tem repercussões físicas e psicológicas, prejudicando a qualidade de vida daqueles que foram infectados e daqueles que tiveram que viver em confinamento. O objetivo deste estudo é descobrir as percepções dos atletas de slackline sobre os efeitos no treinamento e na qualidade de vida derivados da situação da COVID-19. A pesquisa é baseada em um método transversal exploratório-descritivo quantitativo, o instrumento utilizado foi uma pesquisa auto-administrada com três dimensões que foi respondida corretamente por 229 pessoas de 28 países, 176 homens (15 - 57 anos) e 51 mulheres (20 - 43 anos), pertencentes à Europa, América, Ásia e Oceania. Os resultados mostram que 97,8% relataram uma perda de motivação, 60,2% relataram más condições de infraestrutura e/ou mau acesso a seus locais de treinamento, 65,5% tiveram problemas financeiros e 88,2% tiveram problemas de saúde, com 10% dos entrevistados sendo diagnosticados com COVID-19 positivos. Conclui-se que a situação de confinamento e pandemia criou um ambiente desfavorável para os atletas da Slackline devido a complicações no treinamento, falta de acesso aos espaços públicos, falta de motivação, perda de capacidade física e um aumento de lesões.

17.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 54: e316, Dec. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407015

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El mercurio circula por el aire; persiste en suelos, sedimentos y agua, y causa efectos en la salud humana. Las mujeres en edad fértil y los neonatos son la población más vulnerable. Objetivo: Analizar las evidencias sobre la carga de enfermedad ocasionada por la exposición a mercurio, así como el impacto económico sobre el sistema de salud. Metodología: Revisión de alcance de la literatura, de las bases de datos PUBMED y EPISTEMONIKOS, búsqueda manual de documentos técnicos de entidades oficiales de diferentes continentes. Resultados: Se identificaron 311 registros en bases de datos y 4 en búsqueda manual en entidades oficiales; 19 artículos fueron incluidos. Discusión: Predomina la afectación del desarrollo neurológico y cognitivo en niños de madres expuestas y lactantes. Los costos se midieron por la pérdida del coeficiente intelectual. Conclusión: Efectos en salud por la exposición a metilmercurio se traducen en gastos para la sociedad y los sistemas de salud.


Abstract Introduction: Mercury circulates through the air, persists in soils, sediments and water, and can affect human health. Women of childbearing age and newborns are the most vulnerable population. Objective: To analyze the evidence on the burden of disease caused by mercury exposure, as well as the economic impact on the health system. Methodology: Review of the literature, PUBMED and EPISTEMONIKOS databases, manual search of technical documents of official entities from different continents. Results: A total of 311 records were identified in databases and four in manual searches from official entities; 19 articles were included. Discussion: Neurological and cognitive development in children of exposed mothers and infants are more predominant. Costs were measured by IQ loss. Conclusion: Health effects of methylmercury exposure translate into costs for society and health systems.

18.
Rev. colomb. psicol ; 31(2): 65-76, July-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408060

ABSTRACT

Resumen Una de las estratégias utilizadas para garantizar procesos de evaluación psicológica de acuerdo con altos estándares éticos y técnicos consiste en evaluar la calidad de las pruebas que se utilizan en tales procesos y divulgar ampliamente la información, para que los profesionales usuarios de pruebas tengan suficientes elementos de juicio a la hora de decidir sobre la selección y uso de las mismas. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo desarrollar un instrumento para valorar la calidad técnica de las pruebas publicadas en español, utilizadas en Colombia. Con base en la revisión de seis modelos de evaluación de pruebas (alemán, español, holandês, britânico, brasileno y el de la Federación Europea de Asociaciones de Psicólogos, EFPA) y la identificación de las pruebas más usadas en Colombia (Herrera, & León, 2015), se adelantó un proyecto colaborativo dentro del cual se conformò un grupo de expertos con participación de instituciones de todo el país para desarrollar la primera versión del instrumento; ésta fue sometida a revisión por jueces y se adelantó una aplicación piloto con seis de las pruebas más usadas. Este documento presenta en detalle la estructura, los indicadores de calidad y los criterios de evaluación que conforman el instrumento que se constituye en el primer modelo para Colombia..


Abstract One of the strategies frequently used to sure that the psychological evaluation processes is carried out with high ethical and technical standards, consists of evaluating the quality of the tests used in such processes and widely spreading the information, so, the professionals would have useful information to make decisions about its selection and use. The main aim of this work was to develop an instrument to review the technical quality of the psychological tests. Based on the review of six test evaluation models (German, Spanish, Dutch, British, Brazilian and that of the European Federation of Psychologists Associations, EFPA) and the identification of the most used tests in Colombia (Herrera & León, 2015), a collaborative project was carried out. A group of experts was formed with the participation of institutions from all over the country to develop a first version of the instrument; this version was subjected to reviews by judges and a panel of experts, and a pilot application was carried out with six of the most used tests. This document presents in detail the structure, the quality indicators and the evaluation criteria of the instrument that constitutes this model

19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(6): 787-797, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints. It is associated with psoriasis and treated with synthetic and biologic drugs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients who received biologic therapy with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in terms of effectiveness, safety, functionality, and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective observational study was performed at a single center in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Patients with PsA who received their first TNF inhibitor treatment were followed up for 12 months. Disease activity was measured using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI). Functionality was measured using the Health Questionnaire Assessment (HAQ), and quality of life was evaluated using the European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5D). Multiple linear regression was used to identify predictors of the clinical response at 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 143 patients treated with adalimumab or etanercept were evaluated. Most of the clinical measures were significantly improved at 12 months. However, 31%-51% of the patients did not achieve good clinical control. No differences were observed between adalimumab and etanercept, except for poor functionality at 12 months among patients treated with etanercept. The main predictors of a worse clinical response were female sex, etanercept use, poor functionality, or lower quality of life at baseline. The main adverse reactions were alopecia, headache, injection site reaction, sinusitis, flu, dyslipidemia, and infections. CONCLUSION: TNF inhibitor therapy was effective and safe. However, despite improvements in clinical measures, most patients did not achieve satisfactory control of the disease.

20.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226709, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392989

ABSTRACT

Studying the different indicators of functional dentition classification can contribute to the understanding of the associated factors, and thus help in the definition of strategies associated with oral health care. This approach has been little explored in the literature, especially when considering the older age group. Aim:The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors associated with three distinct functional dentition classification. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study using secondary data from the Frailty in Older Brazilians (FIBRA) Project of 876 older adults living in Campinas, Brazil. The indicators of dental function assessed was number of natural teeth present, occluding pairs of teeth and the Eichner index, which were verified by trained dentists, following the World Health Organization criteria for epidemiological studies in oral health. The explanatory variable assessed was the self-perception of oral health-related quality of life measured by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and its dimensions. It was also collected sociodemographic information such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, schooling, family income, smoking behavior and frailty status. The association was verified through Poisson regressions for number of teeth and pairs of teeth in occlusion and multinomial regression for the Eichner index, adjusted by sociodemographic and health variables. Results: Lower prevalence of participants with less than 21 teeth who negatively perceived GOHAI ́s pain and discomfort dimension and higher prevalence of having less teeth among the ones that negatively perceived GOHAI ́s physical and functional dimensions. No association was found between the perception of quality of life and occlusion pairs of teeth and the Eichner Index. Conclusion: Two out of three indicators assessed were associated with quality of life. Therefore, it is important to select sensitive indicators to be able to identify and better comprehend this relationship


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dentition , Sociodemographic Factors
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