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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888031

ABSTRACT

As a new strategy capable of uncovering the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicines, the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker(QAMS) has been widely employed for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal materials, slices, and extracts. However, its application in the assessment of Chinese patent medicines is yet to be explored. By referring to the determination of three bufogenins in Bufonis Venenum by QAMS described in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 Edition), this paper selected seven representative preparations containing Bufonis Venenum and explored whether the relative correction factors(RCFs) of cinobufagin(CB) to bufalin(BF) and resibufogenin(RB) could be directly used for the quality control of Bufonis Venenum-contained preparations. Based on the qualitative analyses under the same chromatographic conditions as used for toad venom, combing specificity test, five preparations such as Yatong Yili Pills, Houzheng Pills, Xiongdan Jiuxin Pills, Liushen Pills and Niuhuang Xiaoyan Pills, were expected to use validated RCFs for the direct determination of three components. Taking Houzheng Pills as an example, the methodological validation of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin was carried out, and the recoveries of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 90.64%-106.1%. The obvious difference was not observed between the contents of bufalin and resibufogenin in 24 batches of preparation samples by QAMS and external reference method. In the tested samples, the content of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 1.27-2.61, 2.44-5.66 and 0.988-3.16 mg·g~(-1) in 10 batches of Liushen Pills samples. The contents of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 0.760-1.32, 1.35-2.39 and 0.600-1.55 mg·g~(-1) in 10 batches of Houzheng Pills samples from three manufacturers. The obtained data contribute to improving the quality standard of Bufonis Venenum-contained preparations, and they also provide some ideas for the application of QAMS in the quality evaluation and control of Chinese patent medicines.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888013

ABSTRACT

A novel HPLC method with the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker( QAMS) combined with the dual-wavelength method was developed for simultaneous determination of six flavonoids in Dendrobium officinale stems from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods to clarify the main factors contributing to the different composition of flavonoids.The separation of six flavonoids was performed on a Shiseido Capcell PAK MGⅡ C18 column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) using a linear gradient elution system of acetonitrile-0. 1% formic acid aqueous solution. Schaftoside,isoschaftoside,vicenin-2,and glucosylvitexin were simultaneously analyzed using rutin as a reference standard at detection wavelength of 340 nm,and naringenin was determined at290 nm. The credibility and feasibility of QAMS method were validated and the results demonstrated that no significant differences were observed as compared with the external standard method. Finally,a total of 82 batches of D. officinale samples were analyzed and principal component analysis( PCA) and discriminant analysis were applied to distinguish and compare D. officinale samples from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods. The results showed that the total flavonoid content of D. officinale stems cultivated in the simulated wild( attached tree cultivation or attached stone cultivation) was significantly higher than that in greenhouse bed cultivation. The content of flavonoids in simulated-wild D. officinale stems was higher in Jiangxi,Guizhou,Zhejiang,and Fujian provinces,while that in greenhouse bed cultivation was higher in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces. The content of naringenin was positively correlated with processing temperature,and that of the other five flavonoids was negatively correlated with processing temperature. PCA showed that wild-simulated D. officinale and greenhouse bed-cultivated D. officinale could be roughly divided into two clusters. The samples cultivated in the greenhouse bed were divided into four categories according to the geographical habitats. Wild-simulated D. officinale samples from Guizhou gathered together,and there was no obvious rule in samples from other producing areas. The established method simplified the determination method of flavonoids in D. officinale,and could provide the basis for effective quality control,cultivation and processing of D. officinale.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887958

ABSTRACT

The quality control of Epimedii Folium, composed of diverse constituents, is single at present. In view of this, an eva-luation method of 13 chemical constituents based on quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) was established to further explore the composition differences of raw products and alcohol extracts in different batches and the influence of alcohol extraction on the composition, so as to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control of Epimedii Folium. The fingerprints of different batches of Epimedii Folium were constructed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) to evaluate the inter-batch consistency. The changes of the flavonoids in Epimedii Folium during alcohol extraction were analyzed based on determined levels and heat map, and the reasons for the changes were preliminarily discussed. With icariin, the quality control component recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, as the internal reference, the stability of the relative correction factors of chemical components under different conditions was investigated to obtain the relative correction factors. Then the determination results of QAMS and the external standard method were compared to verify the accuracy of QAMS. The results revealed that all batches of Epimedii Folium met the requirements specified in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the fingerprints of Epimedii Folium from the same place of origin exhibited a high similarity. Raw products and alcohol extracts of Epimedii Folium could be clearly distinguished by prenylated flavonoids, which are potential biomarkers for quality control. Additionally, the glycoside hydrolysis in the alcohol extraction was preliminarily explored. The QAMS method has good accuracy, durability, and repeatability in determining 13 chemical components in Epimedii Folium under different experimental conditions. No significant difference in the results obtained by the two methods was observed. This study can provide a reference for comprehensive, rapid and reasonable quality evaluation of Epimedii Folium.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Leaves
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879182

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method for five flavonoids in Rhododendron anthopogonoides and verify its feasibility and applicability in the medicinal materials of R. anthopogonoides. With hyperoside as the internal reference, relative correction factors(RCF) of rutin, quercetin, quercitrin and kaempferol were established by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) analysis. RCFs were used to calculate the content of each component, system durability and relative retention time. Simultaneously, QAMS and external standard method(ESM) were used to determine the content of five flavonoids in 12 batches of R. anthopogonoides from different origins. The results were statistically analyzed to verify the accuracy and feasibility. The fingerprints and cluster analysis data of R. anthopogonoides analyzed and discussed differences among the batches. According to the results, the RCFs of rutin, quercetin, quercetin and kaempferol in R. anthopogonoides were 1.242 6, 0.990 5, 0.535 0, and 0.781 3, respectively. The RCFs represented a good reproducibility under different experimental conditions. Besides, there was no significant difference between QAMS and ESM. Besides, the fingerprint and cluster analysis data showed the consistency between the classification and with the origin distribution of the herbs. In conclusion, the QAMS method shows a good stability and accuracy in the quality control of R. anthopogonoides.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , Rhododendron
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879158

ABSTRACT

This research was used with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), combined with information entropy-response surface method(RSM) to investigate the ethanol concentration, extraction time, liquid-to-material ratio. Taking the content of four chromogens as evaluation indexes, the weight coefficients of each index were given, and the comprehensive score was calculated to optimize the extraction process. Then, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin was used as the reference, the relative calibration factors(RCFs) of cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol and sec-O-glucosylhamaudo to prim-O-glucosylcimifugin were calculated respectively. The contents of four components in Saposhnikoviae Radix were determined by both external standard method(ESM)and quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method, and the results were compared. At last, combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) to evaluate the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. The optimal extraction process parameter of the Saposhnikoviae Radix was as follows: liquid-to-material ratio is 60∶1(mL·g~(-1)), extraction time is 35 min, and ethanol concentration is 70%. The repeatability of the RCFs was perfect, and the results calculated by the QAMS were consistent with the results from the ESM. The stoichiometric results indicate that there are obvious differences in the distribution of Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas, and cimifugin and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin are the characteristic compounds that cause this difference. In this study, the optimal extraction process is stable and feasible, and the method of QAMS is accurate and reliable. From the perspective of four chromogens, there are differences in the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. Therefore, the established extraction process combined with the method of QAMS can be used to evaluate the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix and provide a scientific basis for the quality control of Saposhnikoviae Radix.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Plant Roots
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879019

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids are one of the most active constituents in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, but only oleanolic acid has been mostly studied. In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that other triterpenes from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus also have various biological activities, so it is necessary to build up a detailed profile of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm, with a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature of 25 ℃. The HPLC fingerprint of triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was built by testing 21 batches of samples from different sources. The structures of the total 15 common chromatographic peaks were elucidated with UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS technique and six of them were identified as tormentic acid, pomolic acid, maslinic acid, botulin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid by comparison to the reference substances. Under the same chromatographic condition, four main triterpenes(podocarboxylic acid, hawthorn acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) were quantified and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Meanwhile, with oleanolic acid(A) as the internal reference substance, quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method was used to analyze the above four components. The relative correction factor of oleanolic acid(B), hawthorn acid(C) and ursolic acid(D) to oleanolic acid was f_(B/A)=1.12, f_(C/A)=1.02 and f_(D/A)=0.88, respectively, and the relative retention values of these three to oleanolic acid was RRV_(B/A)=0.46, RRV_(C/A)=0.70 and RRV_(D/A)=1.03, respectively. The contents determined by two methods were similar. In conclusion, the method built in this paper is proved to be simple, reliable and specific for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, which can lay foundation for further assays of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the relative products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845174

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS)method for the simultaneous determination of jaceosidin, eupatilin, limoni, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, cinnamyl alcohol, cinnamic acid and cinnamal-dehyde in Changwei San. Methods: The Waters Symmetry C18 column(250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm)was used for the separation, and the mobile phase was the acetonitrile(A)and 0.1% phosphoric acid(B)solution in a gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The detection wavelengths were set at 345 nm for jaceosidin and eupatilin, 215 nm for limoni, evodiamine and rutaecarpine, and 275 nm for cinnamyl alcohol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde. With evodiamine as an internal reference standard, the relative correction factors for the other 7 components were established and their contents were calculated with the relative correction factors to achieve the QAMS, and then the differences between the calculated values by QAMS and measured values by the external standard method(ESM) were compared to validate the accuracy and feasibility of the QAMS method. Results: Jaceosidin, eupatilin, limoni, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, cinnamyl alcohol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 0.98-19.60, 2.67-53.40, 4.06-81.20, 1.98-39.60, 2.69-53.80, 0.56-11.20, 1.49-29.80, and 8.77-175.40 μg/ml(r≥0.9992), whose average recoveries(RSD) were 98.77%(0.96%), 99.38%(1.01%), 100.02%(0.83%), 97.80%(1.40%), 98.91%(1.18%), 96.99% (1.13%), 98.09%(1. 24%)and 99.10%(0.67%), respectively. No significant difference was observed between the calculated values by QAMS and the measured values by ESM. Conclusion: The established QAMS method is simple and accurate, which might be used to evaluate the quality of Changwei San.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846659

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on response surface methodology, HPLC was applied to quantitatively determine the optimal processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle (GRRPM) from the perspective of multi-index and comprehensive evaluation. Methods: HPLC was used for quantitative analysis, and the content of liquiritin, liquiritigenin, licochalcone A and glycyrrhetinic acid was used as inspection indexes. Response surface methodology was used to investigate the effects of the adding amount of honey, steaming and soaking time, frying temperature and frying time on the processing technology of GRRPM, and to optimize the optimal processing technology of GRRPM. Results: The chromatographic column was Diamonsil C18 (2) (4.6 mm × 200 mm, 5 μm); mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.1% phosphate aqueous solution, gradient eluting: 0-20 min, 12%-32% acetonitrile; 20-45 min, 32%-70% acetonitrile; 45-75 min, 70%-97% acetonitrile, with detection wavelength of 260 nm, column temperature of 20 ℃, and flow rate of 1 mL/min; Using liquiritin as internal standard, the relative correction factors of glycyrrhizin, licochalcone A, glycyrrhizinic acid and their relative correction factors were determined and calculated to be 0.56, 0.64 and 1.42, respectively. The optimum processing process of GRRPM was as follows: the amount of honey was 1/4, the soaking time was 15 min, frying pan bottom temperature was 160 ℃, and frying time was 13 min. Conclusion: The results of systematic adaptability investigation of the experimental content determination method meet the requirements. The best processing scheme of GRRPM optimized by response surface methodology is feasible and provides scientific basis for formulating quality standards and modern research of GRRPM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846526

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) method for the simultaneous determination of six components of gallic acid, hydroxysafflor yellow A, geniposide, ellagic acid, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Gurigumu-13 Pill, which is proved to be a scientific and feasible method in the quality analysis in Gurigumu-13 Pill. Methods: The relative factor (fs/i) of gallic acid, ellagic acid, hydroxysafflor yellow A, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone were established by HPLC method with geniposide as internal standard, which were used to calculate the content of five constituents in the samples of Gurigumu-13 Pill. Meanwhile, external standard method (ESM) was used to calculate the content of six constituents. The difference between QAMS and ESM was analyzed to evaluate the accuracy of QAMS. Results: The fs/i of gallic acid, hydroxysafflor yellow A, ellagic acid, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone were 0.481 0, 0.906 4, 0.170 9, 0.971 2 and 1.261 5, respectively. The content determination results of six batches of Gurigumu-13 Pill were calculated by the method of QAMS and ESM, with no significant difference in RSD < 2.0%. Conclusion: The fs/i established in the QAMS method with geniposide as the internal reference substance is accurate and simple. The QAMS method can be used for the multi-index quality evaluation of Gurigumu-13 Pill.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828425

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to establish the UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma and determine the contents of three saponins by quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS), and provide basis for quality evaluation of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma. The analysis was carried out on an analytical column of Waters Cortecs T3(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.6 μm)with gradient elution by acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution, at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). The detection wavelength was 203 nm, the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 1 μL. The UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma were established and evaluated by similarity calculation, cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The relative calibration factors of toberoside B and toberoside C were determined with toberoside A as internal reference. The content was calculated by relative calibration factors to develop a method of QAMS. Comparing the results of QAMS with those of ESM, the accuracy and feasibility of one-eva-luation and multi-evaluation can be determined. RESULTS:: showed that the fingerprints of 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma have four common peaks with similarities ranging from 0.754 to 1.000. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma into three categories, which was consistent with the similarity evaluation results. The relative deviation between the content of tubeicosides B and C in 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma determined by QAMS and ESM is less than 5.0%, indicating that there was no significant difference between the two methods. Therefore, the UPLC fingerprints combined with QAMS and similarity evaluation can be effectively used to evaluate the quality of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Rhizome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802120

ABSTRACT

Due to the multi-component and multi-target features of Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs),multiple active components could be more reasonably represent the quality of CMMs compared with the single-component QC mode. However,it is still difficult to apply the multi-component QC mode because of the instability, high cost and inaccessibility of reference substances of CMMs. Saponins are glycosides with aglycones of triterpene or spirostane and widely distributed in plants. Saponins are also the major active constituents of many CMMs,with multi-effects of inhibiting tumors,regulating the immune system,inhibiting virus,preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases. Therefore,rational and effective control of the quality of CMMs containing saponins is of great significance for ensuring the clinical safety and efficacy of such CMMs and related products. The quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) can use only one reference substance to achieve the simultaneous monitoring of multiple components in CMMs,and make up the weaknesses of multi-component QC mode, and has been well developed and validated in the QC and evaluation of CMMs for more than ten years since it was put forward. And now it has been widely used in the QC of CMMs containing saponins. Based on the investigation of QAMS theory and literatures in the past decade,studies on the QC of CMMs and related preparations containing triterpenoid saponins and steroidal saponins by QAMS were summarized and discussed systematically. In addition,some possible problems were analyzed and interpreted,in order to provide reliable basis for more QC of CMMs and reference for the continuous use and in-depth development of this method in the research of CMMs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method of the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS)for the simultaneous determination of content of the 8 components, demethylwedelolactone, wedelolactone, juju-boside A, jujuboside B, betulinic acid, salidroside, ligustroflavone and specnuezhenide, in Anshen Yinao pills. Meth-ods: Anshen Yinao pills were used as the research object. With salidroside as an internal reference substance, the rela-tive correction factor for the other 7 components was established and the content of each component was calculated with each of the relative correction factors. Meanwhile, the content of each component was determined by the external standard (ES)method, and the content values from the ES and QAMS methods were compared to validate the accuracy and reli-ability of the QAMS method. Results: The eight components showed a good linearity within the given concentration rang-es(r≥0.9991). The average recovery for the eight components was in the range of 96.99-100.07%(n=9)with the RSD ranged in 0.67%-1.46%. The contents of the eight components showed no significant difference between the data mea-sured by the ES method and the data calculated by the QAMS method. Conclusion: The established method is simple and accurate, which could be used for quality evaluation of Anshen Yinao pills.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845245

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS)to determine the content of rutin,linarin,luteolin and apigenin in Herba Cirsii. Methods: Rutin was selected as the internal reference substance,the relative correction factors(RCF)of the other 3 components were established re- spectively,and then the content of each component was calculated according to respective RCF. At the same time,the external standard method was used to determine the content of all four components in Herba Cirsii,the differences be- tween calculated values and measured values were compared,and the method validation was performed. Results: No significant difference was observed between the calculated values and measured ones according to the results from ten batches of Herba Cirsii samples. Conclusion: The validated QAMS method is proved to be of good precision,reproduc- ibility,and reliability which is suitable and feasible for the quality control of Herba Cirsii

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845224

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop an HPLC method for quantitative analysis of multi- components by single marker(QAMS)to simultaneously determine gypenoside XL,gypenoside A, gypenoside X,danshensu,salvianolic acid B,tanshinone Ⅱ A,orientin,isoorientin,vitexin and isovitexin in Compound Jinpu Tablet(CJT). Methods: HPLC was performed on a Wondasil C18 column(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm)at 30℃. The mobile phase was methanol-aceto-nitrile(3:1)and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution,in a gradient elution,and the flow rate was 0.9 ml/min. The detec-tion wavelength was set at 203 nm for gypenoside XL,gypenoside A and gypenoside X,280 nm for danshensu,sal- vianolic acid B and tanshinoneⅡA,and 340 nm for orientin,isoorientin,vitexin and isovitexin. The content of the ten components in CJT was determined at first by the external standard method(ESM)using ten related standards. For the QAMS method,only tanshinone ⅡA was used as an internal standard,whereas the relative correction factors of the other nine components in CJT were determined using the internal tanshinone ⅡA as reference standard,and their content was calculated on the basis of the correction factors and the tanshinone ⅡA content determined by ESM. The QAMS method was validated by comparison of the calculated values with the measured data by ESM. Results: The 10 components all showed a good linearity within the concentration ranges of 2.848-56.96,5.304-106.08,7.776-155.52,1.248-24.96, 13.28-265.6,1.976-39.52,1.112-22.24,0.928-18.56,0.696-13.92,and 0.648-12.96 μg/ml(r≥0.9992),with the average recoveries(RSDs)of 99.35%(0.97%),99.07%(1.10%),98.81%(0.83%),97.69%(1.39%),100.05%(0.79%),97.90%(1.20%),98.21%(1.52%),97.59%(1.44%),96.93%(1.07%)and 96.99%(0.89%),respectively. No significant differences were found in the content of the nine components in CJT between the QAMS-calculated values and the ESM-measured data. Conclusion: The established QAMS method could simultaneously determine multi-compo- nents using only one standard. It is simple and accurate,which could be used for simultaneous determination of the con- tent of ten components in CJT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the quality of Angelicae Dahuricae Radix (ADR) from national drug evaluation sampling, continuously improve and revise the standard determination method, and ensure the safety of public drug use, six index components of ADR medicinal material and decoction pieces were determined by combining HPLC fingerprint chromatography and quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS). Methods: The determination and exploratory study were carried out according to the National Standard. The establishment of steamed Angelicae dahurica HPLC fingerprint, method for multiple assessment of six index components to conduct a methodological survey determination of multi-index component content of 20 batches of Angelicae dahurica tablets, the final determination of the quality of Angelicae dahurica. Result:s A total of 239 batches of ADR were received from 189 enterprises, in which 225 batches were qualified and 14 batches were unqualified. The qualified rate was 94%. A method that determined content of six kinds of coumarin in ADR decoction pieces using imperatorin as control was established, which could solve the problem of difficulty in obtaining control and consuming long determination time. It would better indicate the drug quality. Conclusio:n The method we had established could be used in qualitative and quantitative analysis of oxypeucedanin hydrate, byakangelicin, oxypeucedanin, berapten, imperatorin and isoimperatorin in ADR decoction pieces. Through this random inspection, it is found that there were still some quality problems in ADR decoction pieces. The quality supervision of traditional Chinese medicine should be strengthened further.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a new method for the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) to simultaneous determine six naphthoquinone components in Arnebia euchroma. Methods: The chromatographic peaks of the main naphthoquinone components in A. euchroma were identified by high resolution LC-MS. The acetyl Shikonin was used as internal marker to calculate the relative correlation factors (RCF) of deoxyshikonin, isobutyrylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerate shikonin, and β,β'-dimethylacryloyl shikonin by HPLC, and examine the durability and reproducibility of the RCF. The external standard method and QAMS were compared to determine the six components in A. euchroma. Results: The repeatability of RCF was good. The results calculated with QAMS were consistent with the results by the external standard method. Conclusion: The QAMS method for simultaneously measuring the content of six components is accurate and reliable to evaluate the quality of A. euchroma.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851637

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a new method and validate its feasibilities by the simultaneous quantitative assay of four triterpenes in Poria cocos. Methods A new quality evaluation method of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) was established and validated for P. cocos. Pachymic acid (PA), dehydropachymic acid (DPA), dehydrotumulosic acid (DTA), and dehydrotrametenolic acid (DMA) were selected as analytes while pachymic acid was chosen as internal reference substance to evaluate the quality. The relative correction factor (RCF) of pachymic acid to the other three triterpenes were calculated. The method was evaluated by the comparison of quantity between external standard method and QAMS method. Results The contents of four triterpenes in 17 batches of P. cocos from QAMS method were not significantly different from those from external standard method. Conclusion The method with a single marker is accurate and feasible to determine PA, DPA, DTA, and DMA when some authentic standard substance are unavailable.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687373

ABSTRACT

Toad venom (Chansu) is prepared from the dried secretion of parotid gland and skin gland from Bufo bufo gargarizans or B. melanostictus. Up to now, much attention shall be paid to the poor quality of commercial toad venom because of the adulteration. So, it is urgent to establish a scientific and perfect quality control method to improve the quality of toad venom and guarantee its safety and effectiveness in clinical application. The different batches of toad venom samples were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) was used to detect the contents of five bufagenins. As a result, the reference characteristic chromatogram was established, displaying serotonin, gamabufotalin, arenobufagin, hellebrigenin, telocinobufagin, bufotalin, cinobufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin as characteristic peaks. Taking cinobufagin as an internal reference substance, QAMS was verified for the determination of five bufagenins (gamabufotalin, bufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin, resibufogenin) in toad venom samples. The durability and applicability of the relative correction factor (RCF) were also studied systematically. RCFs of cinobufagin to gamabufotalin, bufotalin, bufalin and resibufogenin were determined as 1.05, 0.895, 1.09 and 0.913, respectively. The characteristic chromatogram and QAMS established in this study could effectively control the quality of toad venom and provide scientific evidence for the improvement of the quality standard of the toad venom to be described in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020 edition).

19.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1307-1312, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710300

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) method for the simultaneous content determination of five constituents in Roudoukou-8 Powder (Myristicae Semen,Auck landiae Radix,Lignum aquilariae Resinatum,etc.).METHODS The analysis of 75% methanol extract of this drug was performed on a 30 ℃ thermostatic Apollo C18 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of methanol-0.1% phosphoric acid flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelengths were set at 225,254,273,281 nm.With eugenol as an internal standard,the relative correction factors of the other four constituents were calculated,after which the content determination was made.RESULTS Ellagic acid,eugenol,costunolide,dehydroroma lactone,dehydrodiisoeugenol showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 0.227 0-1.135 2,5.272 2-26.361 0,0.540 8-2.704 0,0.530 4-2.652 0,0.059 0-0.299 5 μg (r >0.999 0),whose average recoveries (RSDs) were 96.37% (2.07%),102.19% (2.78%),101.66% (1.66%),103.46% (1.17%),98.25% (1.98%),respectively.The results obtained by QAMS approximated those obtained by external standard method.CONCLUSION This stable and reliable method can be used for the quality control of Roudoukou-8 Powder.

20.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1302-1307, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710299

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) method for the simultaneous content determination of 3'-hydroxy puerarin,puerarin,3'-methoxy puerarin,neomangiferin,mangiferin,calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside,astragaloside Ⅳ and batatasin Ⅰ in Yuye Xiaoke Granules (Astragali Radix,Dioscoreae Rhizoma,Puerariae lobatae Radix,etc.).METHODS The analysis of methanol extract of this drug was performed on a 30℃ thermostatic Kromasil C1scolumn (4.6 mm ×250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of methanol-acetonitrile (1 ∶ 1) and 0.4% glacial acetic acid flowing at 0.9 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelengths were set at 210,250,254,274 nm.With astragaloside Ⅳ as an internal standard,the relative correction factors of the other seven constituents were calculated,after which the con tent determination was made.RESULTS Eight constituents showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r > 0.999 0),whose average recoveries were 97.06%-99.95% with the RSDs of 0.54%-1.44%.The results obtained by QAMS approximated those obtained by external standard method.CONCLUSION This stable and reliable method can be used for the quality control of Yuye Xiaoke Granules.

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