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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with radiation-induced rat lung injury, and to reveal the protective mechanism for mild hypothermia in the radiation-induced lung injury in rats at the transcriptome level.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 male SD rats aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into 2 groups to establish a rat model of radiation-induced lung injury, and one group was treated with mild hypothermia. RNA was extracted from left lung tissue of each group, and sequenced by BGISEQ-500 platform. Significance analysis of DEGs was carried out by edgeR software. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were used to analyze the gene function. Then 5 key DEGs were verified by real-time reverse transcription PCR (real-time RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#There were 2 790 DEGs (false discovery rate<0.001, |log@*CONCLUSIONS@#The DEGs and pathways related to mild hypothermia protection against radiation-induced lung injury in rats are obtained, which provides an experimental basis for the protection of mild hypothermia against radiation-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Profiling , Hypothermia , Lung Injury , Male , RNA-Seq , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transcriptome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910362

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury is a common complication of thoracic malignant tumor radiotherapy and severe nuclear accident injury. Currently, there is no effective treatment on this injury. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a group of cells with multi-directional differentiation potential and they can protect lung tissue from radiation damage by homing to the injured site and differentiating to the damaged tissues, secreting cytokines and immune regulation. Further, the genetically modifying mesenchymal stem cells have not only the main characteristics of MSCs, but also can efficiently and stably express or knock down a certain of target genes, thereby enhancing or reducing the sensitivity of mesenchymal stem cells to various physiological stimulus and enhancing its therapeutic effect in radiation-induced lung injury, providing new ideas and new strategies for clinical treatment. This paper reviewed the relevant research progress in recent years.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879923

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI), including acute radiation pneumonitis and chronic radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF), is a side effect of radiotherapy for lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Pulmonary macrophages, as a kind of natural immune cells maintaining lung homeostasis, play a key role in the whole pathological process of RILI. In the early stage of RILI, classically activated M1 macrophages secrete proinflammatory cytokines to induce inflammation and produce massive reactive oxygen species (ROS) through ROS-induced cascade to further impair lung tissue. In the later stage of RILI, alternatively activated M2 macrophages secrete profibrotic cytokines to promote the development of RIPF. The roles of macrophage in the pathogenesis of RILI and the related potential clinical applications are summarized in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung/radiation effects , Lung Injury/physiopathology , Macrophages/metabolism , Radiation Injuries , Radiation Pneumonitis/etiology , Radiotherapy/adverse effects
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 3.0), SRILT was defined as ≥grade 2 radiation-induced lung toxicity. Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.@*Results@#Among 227 enrolled patients, 190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy. Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy. Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT, 5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, relatively large PTV, mean lung dose and V20- V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015, 0.048 and<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.017 and P=0.009).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791418

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.Methods Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE,version 3.0),SRILT was defined as ≥ grade 2 radiationinduced lung toxicity.Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.Results Among 227 enrolled patients,190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy.Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy.Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT,5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT.Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy,relatively large PTV,mean lung dose and V20-V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015,0.048 and<0.001).Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P =0.017 and P =0.009).Conclusions The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755053

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a common complication after radiotherapy for thoracic tumors.It is one of the most urgent problems to explore the optimal animal model and evaluate the effect for basic research and drug intervention along with the extensive studies of radiation pneumonia.By reviewing the literatures published in recent 10 years,the selection of irradiation site,determination of irradiation dosage,irradiation method and effect evaluation were statistically compared among different RILI animal models,aiming to explore a stable method of establishing the animal model with RILI and identify a definite effect mechanism.It provides a reliable approach for basic research and drug development to prevent and mitigate the incidence and development of RILI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755040

ABSTRACT

Objective To externally validate the accuracy of combined use of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR),V20,and Dmean in predicting the incidence of grade Ⅲ or higher radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) in lung cancer patients.Methods A total of 166 lung cancer patients,who participated in the model establishment were selected into the internal validation group,and 85 lung cancer patients who received intensity-modulated radiotherapy in our department between June 2016 and June 2018 were assigned into the external validation group.The incidence rate of grade 3 or higher RILI was statistically compared between the internal and external validation groups.Multivariate logistic analysis was performed for NLR,V20 and Dmean The discrimination degree of the predictive model was evaluated by using ROC curve in combination with NLR,V20 and Dmean The calibration degree of the predictive model was assessed by Hosmer-Lemeshow test.Results The incidence rate of grade 3 or higher RILI in the internal and external validation groups was 23.8% and 22.9%.Multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated that NLR,V20 and Dmean significantly differed in the internal validation group (P=0.032,0.006 and 0.005).However,only V20 significantly differed in the external validation group (P=0.038).The discrimination and calibration degree of RILI was almost consistent between the internal and external validation groups (both P>0.05).The area under the curve (AUC) predicted by NLR,V20,Dmean and the combination of three indexes were 0.611,0.646,0.682 and 0.775 in the internal validation group,and 0.544,0.702,0.658 and 0.754 in the external validation group,respectively.The calibration degree in the internal validation group was P=2.797and 0.834,P=2.452 and 0.653 in the external validation group.Conclusion Combined application of NLR,V20 and Dmean can accurately predict the incidence of grade Ⅲ or higher RILI in lung can cancer patients,which has been validated by external dataset.

8.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 87-91, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752819

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is an important treatment for lung cancer. However,the radiation-induced lung injury(RILI)affects some patients and also affects the efficacy of treatment. Therefore,it is very important to identify high-risk patients who may have RI-LI and take action intervention or monitoring. Although the individual difference is often explained by clinical and dosimetric,genetic factors also influence the occurrence of RILI. Currently,there are reports on the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)and RILI. The SNP of these specific genes may become an important predictor of RILI,and thus reduce the incidence of radia-tion-induced lung injury.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745236

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of G-CSF-mobilized autologous stem cells in the prevention of radiation pulmonary injury.Methods Mice were divided into control group,irradiation group and treatment group.Mouse model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by exposing chest to a single dose of 14 Gy.Animals in the treatment group received recombinant human G-CSF (250 μg/kg daily for 5 d) before the irradiation in order to mobilize autologous stem cells in vivo.The general condition and mortality were documented after radiation injury.The pathological study with histological scoring,Masson staining and Sirius red staining with polarized light analysis were used to identify lung injury and the potential benefit of stem cell mobilization.Results Local chest irradiation of a single dose of 14 Gy was a suitable dose to create radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice.The death rate was 37.5%,which mainly happened around 11 weeks after injury.In contrast,all of the animals in G-CSF treated group survived.The ratio of lung to body mass was significantly increased in both irradiation group and treatment group (F =23.20,P<0.05) around 3 months after the injury,with a higher ratio in irradiation group than that in treatment group (P<0.05).Histological scoring for alveolar inflammation at 3 months after injury revealed statistically significant difference in irradiation group and treatment group compared with control group (F=11.93,P< 0.05).At this time point,the pathological observation showed lung tissue degeneration and necrosis with alveolitis and interstitial inflammation,as well as fibroblasts proliferation and focal collagen deposition in alveolar septa.At 4 month after the injury,the inflammation ininterstitial tissue was receded,but fibrosis and collagen deposition were significantly increased.In addition,at 3 and 4 months afterinjury,the pulmonary fibrosis was aggravated in irradiation group (F=28.73,16.85,P<0.05),and significantly alleviated in the treatment group (P<0.05).The similar results were confirmed in collagen content analysis (IOD) by Sirius red staining and image analysis (F =17.70,17.79,P< 0.05).Conclusions Autologous mobilization of stem cells could prevent the death of radiation-injured animals possibly by alleviating early lung injury and interstitial inflammation as well as the late pulmonary fibrosis,suggesting a therapeutic potential of autologous stem cell mobilization in radiation pulmonary fibrosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the radioprotective function and its mechanism of miR-223 in acute radiation-induced lung injury in mice.Methods Forty female C57BL/6 J mice were randomly divided into healthy control group,irradiation group,irradiation plus miR-223 group and irradiation plus NC group.Radiation groups were exposed with a single dose of 15 Gy of 6 MV X-rays delivered by a linear accelerator.The mice in drug group were administered by tail vein injection with miR-223 agomir or agomirNC every other day from 1 d before irradiation to 14 d after irradiation.The lung tissue samples of mice were taken at 14 d post-irradiation.The pathological changes were observed by HE staining.The localization and expressions of IL-1β and IL-18 were observed by immunohistochemistry (IHC).Real-time PCR was used to detect miR-223,but NLRP3 mRNA expression in lung tissue.Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1,and ELISA assay was used to detect the expressions of IL-1β and IL-18 in lung homogenate.Results Radiation decreased the expression of miR-223,but increased the expression of NLRP3 in lung tissue.Administration of miR-223 agomir inhibited the expression of NLRP3 and attenuated lung inflammation.HE and IHC staining showed that miR-223 reduced the acute inflammatory response and the expressions of IL-1β and IL-18 in lung tissue compared with irradiation group (t=10.16,6.00,P<0.05).The expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1 protein in lung tissue of irradiated plus miR-223 group was lower than that in the irradiation alone group (t =12.47,4.95,P< 0.05).ELISA assay also showed a decrease of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18 in lung tissue homogenate of the irradiation plus miR-223 group (t =8.22,8.47,P<0.05).Conclusions MiR-223 effectively reduces the secretion of radiation-induced inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18 by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3 in lung tissue of mice,and thus has protective effect on radiation-induced lung injury.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 579-582, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775588

ABSTRACT

Radiation induced lung injury (RILI) is a serious complication in patients received thoracic radiotherapy. The main clinical symptom of RILI includes short of breath, low fever and cough, seriously affect the survival of patients. How to better prevent and treat RILI is an urgent problem. Target theory, cytokine theory, free radical theory, and vascular endothelial cell damage theory are the main mechanisms of RILI. Among them, reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during radiotherapy can induce tissue damage throughout the course of RILI, and have a direct effect on both radiation pneumonitis and radiation-induced lung fibrosis. Anti-oxygen therapy including thiol compounds, antioxidant enzymes, and plant antioxidants have been applied in the prevention and treatment of RILI. This article reviews the research and application of antioxidant therapy in RILI.
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12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687352

ABSTRACT

To mainly analyze the prescription rules of Chinese herbal drugs for radiation induced lung injury, optimize the prescriptions, and provide a reference for the clinical treatment of radiation induced lung injury. The major Chinese databases CNKI, CBM and Wanfang data were searched to obtain the literature on Chinese herbal drugs for radiation induced lung injury. BICOMS 2 software was used to extract and collect all Chinese herbal drugs information and generate the co-occurrence matrix; NetDraw and Gcluto software were then used to make network map and visualization matrix for analysis. A total of 552 articles (19 types and 304 Chinese herbal drugs) were included. Ophiopogon japonicus had the highest frequency (229 times), followed by Astragalus membranaceus(181 times), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (166 times), and Scutellaria baicalensis (150 times). After the classification of efficacy, deficiency-supplementing medicinal (69 kinds of Chinese herbs), heat-clearing medicine (51 kinds of Chinese herbs) and phlegm cough medicine (42 kinds of Chinese herbs) accounted for 53.29% of all the Chinese herbs, acting in the main position. After the prescription analysis for the top 25 herbal prescriptions, six main structures of common prescriptions were found for the treatment of radiation induced lung injury. There are many kinds of Chinese herbal drugs for the treatment of radiation induced lung injury in clinical application. In the future, researchers can mainly focus on Ophiopogon japonicus etc. as the main drugs, combine with other high-frequency Chinese herbal drugs found in this study, or directly refer to the main structures of commonly used prescriptions found in this analysis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708262

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury ( RILI) is a severe complication which commonly occurs after radiotherapy in patients diagnosed with thoracic cancer patients. RILI includes acute radiation-induced pneumonitis and fibrosis. RILI not only limits the radiotherapy dose, but also affects subsequent clinical efficacy and quality of life of patients. The mechanism underlying RILI has been mainly investigated in animal models. Multiple cells, cytokines and molecules participate in the regulation of immune response, eventually leading to the incidence of RILI. No guidelines or standards have been established for the treatment of RILI, which primarily depend upon clinical experience and professional recommendations. In this article, recent RILI-related studies have been summarized to unravel the pathophysiological changes, clinical symptoms, imaging findings, clinical diagnosis and treatment of RILI.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708250

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the main therapeutic methods of lung cancer, whereas the lung injury induced by radiotherapy restricts the quality of life and clinical efficacy. It is a challenge to improve the clinical efficacy and reduce lung injury.Based upon clinical experience, certain measures can be taken to alleviate the lung injury after thoracic radiotherapy. The severity and complications of lung cancer and the concurrent chemoradiotherapy-induced injury should be comprehensively understood to establish individual therapeutic strategy. The diagnostic skills, biological characteristics of tumors, the diffusion, metastasis and recurrence of tumors and lymphatic drainage should be mastered and considered in the formulation of treatment target areas to minimize unnecessary radiation for every 1 mm. During the formulation and evaluation of radiotherapy plans, we should understand the biological characteristics of the lung and lung injury repair and stick to the principle of high-dose radiation for small-volume lung rather than low-dose radiation for large-volume lung. A better treatment plan should be established to reduce every 1% of lung DVH as possible even at the expanse of conformality. Simultaneous modulated accelerated radiotherapy and two-phase radiotherapy are employed to distinguish normal tissues from subclinical tumors from the dose and fractioned dose aspects, which further enhance the tumor control and alleviate lung injury. The lung ventilation function is lost at a dose of 20 Gy or higher. Extensive attention should be delivered to reduce the radiation dose to the lung, especially for the repair of non-functional lung fibrosis. Precise and individualized radiotherapy should be adopted to reduce unnecessary radiation and protect the normal lung tissues, which improve the clinical efficacy and enhance the quality of life.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment of craniospinal irradiation(CSI)in-duced lung injury (RILI)in children with malignant brain tumors.Methods From January 2014 to January 2016,a total of 145 children with malignant brain tumors from Beijing Shijitan Hospital,Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study.All children received postoperative CSI.Ten children were diagnosed as RILI by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT)scanning before the start of subsequent chemotherapy and 42 days after CSI.Oral Pred-nisone acetate tablets 0.5-1.0 mg/(kg·d)were given to treat RILI and compound Sulfamethoxazole to prevent sec-ondary lung inflammation.Antibiotic treatment and symptomatic support were given to 2 patients because of the com-bined infection.Then every 4 weeks HRCT was performed and the dosage of Prednisone was adjusted.Clinical charac-teristics and treatment effects were observed synthetically.Results Up to January 2018,the median follow-up time was 28 months (ranged from 26 to 48 months),only 10 patients suffered from RILI,and the morbidity was 6.9%.Eight of 10 patients had medulloblastoma,1 case with pineoblastoma,and 1 case with atypical teratoma/rhabdomyoid tumor. They were 6 boys and 4 girls,and the median age was 8 years old (ranged from 5 to 13 years old).The time points of diagnosis of lung damage were 39-52 days after the end of radiotherapy,and lesions were located in the dorsal or basal segments of lower lobe of unilateral or bilateral lung in HRCT scanning.No obvious respiratory symptoms or other dis-comfort was found except for frequent cough in 2 patients.Lung lesions were gradually reduced and disappeared within 2 to 8 months after treatment with Prednisone and compound Sulfamethoxazole.Two cases suffered severe infection be-fore or during the subsequent chemotherapy,and the condition was gradually improved after anti-infection treatment based on drug sensitivity test.Then subsequent chemotherapy underwent successfully.Conclusions RILI presents mild symptoms or asymptomatic.Routine lung imaging after radiotherapy is beneficial to the early diagnosis of lung damage, and early treatment with Prednisone and prophylaxis with compound Sulfamethoxazole has a good prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515524

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the factors associated with radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) caused by radiation therapy for lung cancer patients in Tibetan Plateau,China.Methods A total of 262 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) confirmed by pathology or cytology from April 2012 to February 2016,consisting of 138 native Tibetans living at an elevation over 3 000 meters and 124 non-native Tibetans or non-Tibetan people,were analysed.All patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy ± chemotherapy and underwent CT follow-up for over 6 months.For patients with grade ≥ 2 RILI,the associations of ethnicity,age,sex,Kamofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score,clinical stage,chemotherapy,and smoking history with RILI were analyzed.For two groups of patients,native Tibetan population and non-native Tibetan population,the associations of sex,smoking history,chemotherapy,and radiation dose with RILI were analyzed.Radiation dose-volume parameters were compared using the chisquare test or's's exact test,and their correlations were analyzed using the Person correlation test;a multivariate analysis was performed using the logistic regression model.Results For the 262 NSCLC patients,ethnicity (P=0.040),sex (P=0.001),KPS score (P=0.026),presence or absence of smoking history (P =0.014),minimum lethal dose (P =0.037),V5 (P =0.000),and V20 (P=0.025)were found to be associated with the development of RILI.Further analysis showed that only the smoking history (P=0.013) was significantly correlated with demographic composition.And there was no significant relationship between radiation dose for different groups and the incidence of RILI (all P=> 0.05).Conclusions Native Tibetan patients with NSCLC are more susceptible to RILI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512191

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the radioprotective function and its mechanism of Sulforaphane (SF) in mice acute radiation-induced lung injury.Methods Totally 40 female C57BL/6J mice were equally divided into 5 groups randomly.Group A,treated by SF 3 mg/kg plus radiation;group B,treated by SF 5 mg/kg plus radiation;group C,treated by SF 10 mg/kg plus radiation;radiation group with a single dose of 12 Gy in 6 MV X-ray by a linear accelerator,and control group with sham radiation.The mice in drug group were administered intraperitoneally with different concentration of SF every other day from 7 d before irradiation to 7 d after irradiation,while the same volume of DMSO plus physiological saline solvent was given in the control and radiation groups.After being sacrificed at 14 d of SF administration,the pathomorphological changes of mice were observed in trauma lung tissue,the positioning and expression of NLRP3 was observed by immunohistochemical staining,the levels of IL-6,TNF-α and TGF-β1 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA,the expressions of NLRP3 and IL-1β mRNA in lung tissue were assayed by qRT-PCR,the expressions of NF-κB p65,NLRP3 and IL-1β proteins in lung tissue were assayed by Western blot,the activity of NF-κB was detected by EMSA.Results In comparison with radiation group,there was an obvious amelioration in pathological injury of lung tissue in the treatment groups:the expression of NLRP3 in lung tissue decreased;the concentration of NLRP3 in the drug intervention group (SF 10 mg / kg) markedly decreased (F =42.750,P < 0.05).the IL-6,TNF-a and TGF-β1 levels in BALF decreased (tIL-6 =-62.65-21.00;tTNF-α =-32.18-16.57;tTGF-β1 =-58.22-46.11,P < 0.05);the expressions of NLRP3 and IL-1β mRNA markedly decreased (tNLRP3 =-6.56-5.68;tIL-1β =-29.75--21.20,P < 0.05),and the expressions of NF-κB p65,NLRP3 and IL-1β proteins decreased (tNF-κB p65 =-34.00--1.71,tNLRP3 =-25.01--16.91,tIL-1β =-73.70--55.14,P < 0.05);the relative expressions of NF-κB p65 and NLRP3 were reduced in a dose-dependent manner (r =0.945,0.926);and the activity of NF-κB were obviously reduced (tNF-κB =-38.68,-614.82,-2 831.40,P < 0.05).Conclusions Sulforaphane effectively alleviates the RILI in lung of mice by downregulating the expressions of inflammatory factor NLRP3.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509157

ABSTRACT

Objective To build two mathematical models, named LQB model and quantified LQB ( qLQB) model, based on the LQ model, and to test their effectiveness in evaluation of radiation?induced lung injury using the Lyman?Kutcher?Burman ( LKB) model. Methods Firstly, a qualitative LQB model was established. Forty?five patients with thoracic cancer were enrolled as subjects. For each patient, two plans were designed using ELEKTA Precise 2. 12 treatment planning system. The plans preferred by the qualitative LQB model and the LKB model were compared. Secondly, a qLQB model was established based on the LQB model. The model was used to calculate the percentage of radiation pneumonitis (RP) for the 45 plans obtained in the first step. Comparison between the percentage of RP and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) calculated by the LKB model was made by paired t test. Results In the plans for 45 patients, the coincidence rate of the qualitative LQB model with the LKB model was 96%(43/46). For the 45 plans preferred by the LKB model, there was no difference between the percentage of RP by the qLQB model and the NTCP by the LKB model ( P=0. 412) . Conclusions The LQB model and the qLQB model are in good accordance with the LKB model in plan preference and evaluation of radiation?induced lung injury.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661823

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the inhibitory effect of captopril on acute radiation-induced lung injury in rats and the possible mechanism. Methods Sixty-four female Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, irradiation group, irradiation+low-dose captopril group, and irradiation+high-dose captopril group. A single dose of 20 Gy was given to the right lung of all rats except those in the control group to establish a rat model of acute radiation-induced lung injury. These rats were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissue;RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of CCL-2 in lung tissue;immunohistochemical assay was used to determine the number of monocytes ( CD68 ) in lung tissue. A one-way analysis of variance was performed. Results Captopril significantly reduced lung inflammation in rats with acute radiation-induced lung injury (P<005), inhibited the accumulation of monocytes (CD68) in lung tissue (P<005), and decreased the content of CCL-2 in lung tissue ( P<005 ) . Conclusions For rats with acute radiation-induced lung injury, captopril can reduce the expression of CCL-2 to inhibit the accumulation of monocytes in lung tissue and thus attenuate lung inflammation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the inhibitory effect of captopril on acute radiation-induced lung injury in rats and the possible mechanism. Methods Sixty-four female Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, irradiation group, irradiation+low-dose captopril group, and irradiation+high-dose captopril group. A single dose of 20 Gy was given to the right lung of all rats except those in the control group to establish a rat model of acute radiation-induced lung injury. These rats were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissue;RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of CCL-2 in lung tissue;immunohistochemical assay was used to determine the number of monocytes ( CD68 ) in lung tissue. A one-way analysis of variance was performed. Results Captopril significantly reduced lung inflammation in rats with acute radiation-induced lung injury (P<005), inhibited the accumulation of monocytes (CD68) in lung tissue (P<005), and decreased the content of CCL-2 in lung tissue ( P<005 ) . Conclusions For rats with acute radiation-induced lung injury, captopril can reduce the expression of CCL-2 to inhibit the accumulation of monocytes in lung tissue and thus attenuate lung inflammation.

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