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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 217-222, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013380

ABSTRACT

ObjectTo explore the risk factors related to the intensity of post-stroke depression in patients with cerebral infarction during hospitalization in the rehabilitation department. MethodsThe hospital consultation records of cerebral infarction patients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from December, 2019 to February, 2023 were reviewed from the hospital information system, and those who were diagnosed as depression visited the department of psychology were selected. It was collected including general information of sexes, ages, education levels, matrimony; medical features of course, location, affected side, sensory disorders, aphasia, agrypnia, dysphagia, hand-shoulder syndrome, constipation; functioning of muscle strength and Brunnstrom stages; and scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Balance (FMA-B), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). Patients with HAMD scores ≤ 20 were as the low group, and those > 20 were as the high group. ResultA total of 2 403 hospitalized stroke patients were included, out of which 269 patients with cerebral infarction were diagnosed as depression and visited the department of psychology; while 103 cases were in the low group and 166 cases were in the high group. The incidence of constipation was less, and the incidence of dysphagia and shoulder-hand syndrome was higher in the high group (χ2 > 5.379, P < 0.05), with weaker strength of iliopsoas muscle and quadriceps muscle, earlier of Brunnstrom stage of lower extremities and hands, and worse scores of NIHSS, MMSE, FMA, FMA-B and MBI (|Z| > 2.020, t > 2.171, P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that constipation (OR = 0.435), quadriceps muscle strength (OR = 0.782) and dysphagia (OR = 2.602) related to the intensity of post-stroke depression in convalescent patients (P < 0.05). ConclusionPost-stroke dysphagia and poor quadriceps muscle strength may exacerbate post-stroke depression; however, constipation may not.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 111-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013292

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the short-term knee function recovery of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after discharge and analyze its related factors. MethodsFrom December, 2022 to April, 2023, 140 adult patients who underwent TKA in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital and being about to be discharged were selected as the survey subjects using convenient sampling. Potential influencing factors were selected based on a literature review. They were investigated with general information questionnaire, Rehabilitation Exercise Compliance Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale for Rehabilitation Exercise (SER), Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS), and joint range of motion measurements before discharge, and were investigated with the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score (HSS) one month after discharge. ResultsA total of 130 patients finished follow-up. One month after discharge, the HSS score ranged from 40 to 82, with an average of (70.89±6.26). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that Body Mass Index (B = -0.423, 95%CI -0.622 to -0.224, P < 0.001), pre-discharge VAS (B = -1.016, 95%CI -1.198 to -0.113, P = 0.028), rehabilitation exercise compliance (B = 0.267, 95%CI 0.121 to 0.413, P < 0.001), SER (B = 0.478, 95%CI 0.315 to 0.642, P < 0.001), and knee joint flexion contracture angle (B = -0.251, 95%CI -0.414 to -0.088, P = 0.003) could influence HSS score one month after discharge (R2 = 0.615, F =17.106, P < 0.001). ConclusionPatients after TKA have recovered well in short time after discharge, however, there is still significant room for improvement. Clinical healthcare providers should design and implement appropriate interventions based on related factors to improve the function.

3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225535

ABSTRACT

Background: Nearly one third of people who suffer major psychiatric disorders end up with a long- term disability and dependency. They are most likely to be non-adherent to medication due to various reasons including lack of knowledge or insight about their illness and treatment which in turn leads to exacerbation of their illness, reduce treatment effectiveness, or make them less responsive to subsequent treatment, multiple hospitalizations and poor quality of life. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in outpatients attending the Psychiatry OPD using the consecutive sampling technique. Subjects meeting the ICD-10 Diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders, age 18 year and above, subjects willing to participate in the study were included. A structured proforma, the Drug attitude inventory and the WHO-QOL-BREF questionnaires were used for assessment. Results: Mean age of subjects = 38.07 + 11.07 years. Mean medication cost = Rs. 917.82 + 397.89. 87 subjects participated in the study and of them 48% were adherent to medication and 52% were non-adherent. 56% of males and 43% females were adherent to medication. There was significant association between the occupation and the type of family of the subjects and medication adherence (p<0.05). Majority of patients with medication non-adherence were seen in schizophrenia, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and substance related disorder. Majority (44.5%) of them reported fear of side effects, followed by stopping the medication when feeling better (35.5%) as the reasons for non-adherence followed by cost, embarrassment, etc. There was significant association between the psychological and social quality of life and medication adherence (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study implicates the importance of psycho education about the diagnosis, prognosis, need for medication and the expected adverse effects which should be clearly explained to the patient. The therapeutic alliance is the most effective component in helping the patient maintain medication adherence and subsequently better quality of life.

4.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 697-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and related factors of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] level in healthy Tajik and Kazak adults in China.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to October 2021 and March to June 2022, and blood samples were collected from 2, 637 healthy Tajik adults [1 010 men, average age: (40.08±14.74) years; 1 627 women, average age: (38.27±12.90) years] in Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County and 1 911 healthy Kazak adults [720 men, average age: (42.10±12.26) years; 1 191 women, average age: (38.27±12.90) years] in Fuyun County of Xinjiang. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), creatinine (Cr), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and Lp(a) were measured. The distribution of Lp(a) levels in different sex and age groups was compared. The Lp(a) level of Tajik and Kazakh ethnic groups was compared by Mann-Whitney U test, and correlation factors of Lp(a) level were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Results:The distribution of Lp(a) level in Tajik and Kazak population was skewed. Lp(a) levels of Tajik and Kazak ranged from the lowest 0.40 mg/L and 0.62 mg/L to the highest 1 229.40 mg/L and 2 108.58 mg/L, respectively, and the median Lp(a) level was 78.90 (38.60, 190.20) mg/L and 103.30 (49.57, 234.27) mg/L, respectively. Median Lp(a) level of Kazak was significantly higher than that of Tjik ( P<0.001). The median Lp(a) levels of Tajik males and females were similar: 77.45 (39.80, 187.10) mg/L and 79.90 (38.60, 192.30) mg/L ( P=0.948). The median Lp(a) levels of Kazakh males and females were also similar: 109.42 (50.49, 230.38) mg/L and 99.01 (49.11, 237.25) mg/L, respectively ( P=0.578). After pooling the data of Tajik and Kazak and adjusting for age, sex, BMI, smoking, drinking, blood pressure, blood glucose and other factors, Lp(a) level was correlated with ethnic (standard partial regression coefficient 0.066, P=0.008) and LDL-C level (standard partial regression coefficient 0.136, P<0.001). Conclusions:Lp(a) level in healthy Tajik and Kazak adults varied greatly among individuals, and Kazak residents had a higher Lp(a) level than Tajik residents. There was no significant sex difference in Lp(a) level among Tajik and Kazakh, and LDL-C and ethnicity are independent factors related to Lp(a) level.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 297-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss outcomes of emergency repairing for Gustilo III B and III C fractures of forearm with complicated tissue defects and the related influence factors.Methods:From January 2014 to Feburary 2022, data of 98 cases of Gustilo III B and III C fractures with large compound defects of soft tissue, blood vessel, bone, tendon or muscle from elbow to wrist were collected. Primary debridement, bone fixation, wound coverage by free flap, bone transfer(or bone cement filling) or dynamic reconstruction of muscle were completed with emergency surgery in Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Xi'an Fengcheng Hospital. Postoperative follow-ups were conducted through outpatient clinic visits, telephone and WeChat reviews. Video clips, questionnaires and the latest information of patients were also analysed. Rank sum test and Chi-square test were used to examine the relationship between independent variables such as general condition, disease condition and surgical procedures of chimeric tissue transfer group and simple flap transfer group, together with dependent variables such as limb salvage, number of surgery, wound healing, function scores, and complications. P<0.05 were further included in the regression equation to discover the relationship between multiple independent variables and dependent variables. Results:Follow-up lasted for 6-96 months, with an average of 71.1 months. In the chimeric group, the limb salvage rate was at 95.1%, with an infection rate of 8.50% and an average number of surgery was 2.13±0.89. In the simple flap transfer group, the limb salvage rate was at 87.5%, with an infection rate of 15.38% and an average number of surgery was 2.62±0.64. The good rate of Anderson score was 65.3% and the average score of Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand(DASH) was 32.9(0-60) points for all the patients. There were significant differences in dependent variables of limb salvage and infection rate between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). Ischemia time and method of bone fixation led to significant differences in number of surgery ( P<0.05). Methods of bone fixation and the types of flap made significant differences in wound healing ( P<0.05). Underlying disease, bonedefect, Gustilo classification and method of bone fixation all contributed to the significant differences in function score ( P<0.05 or P<0.01) . Conclusion:Emergency surgery for repair of serious injury of forearm has a relatively high limb salvage rate and good functional effects. The limb salvage rate is not correlated with independent variables such as severity of injury, Mangledextremity Severity Score (MESS) and ischemia time, while transfer of a simple flap or a chimeric flap is significantly correlated with the limb salvage rate, infection and wound healing. The severity of injury, ischemia time and bone defect are correlated with functional assessment, number of surgery and bone healing.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 394-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of three-vessel disease (TVD) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).Methods:The clinical data of 447 patients with SCAD diagnosed in Zhongshan Hospital from May 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 cases with the single-vessel disease (SVD), 136 cases with the two-vessel disease, and 203 cases with three-vessel disease. The general data and hematological indexes were compared between patients with SVD and those with TVD; the related factors for TVD in SCAD patients were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results:There were 244 males (78.5%) and 67 females (21.5%) with a median age of 57 years (64, 69). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in diabetes history ( χ2=7.75, P=0.005), uric acid ( Z=-2.10, P=0.036), glycosylated hemoglobin ( Z=-2.77, P=0.006) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( Z=-2.99, P=0.003) levels between SVD and TVD groups. Multivariate analysis showed that the high level of blood uric acid ( OR=1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.01, P<0.05) and the low level of HDL-C ( OR=3.29, 95% CI:1.23-8.85, P<0.05) were related risk factors of TVD. Conclusion:High blood uric acid level and low HDL-C level are related factors for TVD in patients with SCAD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 568-575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the distribution characteristics of choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in macula among normal children using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), and to investigate the influencing factors.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Sixty-three children aged 6 to 12 years were enrolled in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2021 to November 2021.Spherical equivalent refraction, axial length (AL) and other ocular biological parameters were measured.Macula-centered CVI and choroidal thickness (ChT) were measured by SS-OCT angiography.According to the ETDRS partition, the obtained image was divided into macular central fovea (0-1 mm diameter), inner ring (1-3 mm diameter) and outer ring (3-6 mm diameter) zones.Data from the right eye were selected for statistical analysis.CVI in the three rings and four zones (superior, temporal, inferior and nasal zones) of the inner and outer rings were compared.Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses were used to analyze the correlation between CVI and sex, AL, anterior chamber depth (ACD), ChT and pupil diameter.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.2021-KY-0399-003). Written informed consent was obtained from each guardian.Results:The average CVI in the macular central fovea, inner ring and outer ring were 0.35±0.12, 0.32±0.10 and 0.27±0.08, respectively, with a significant difference ( F=10.96, P<0.001), and significant differences in CVI were found in pairwise comparisons of the three ring zones (all at P<0.05). Significant differences in CVI were found among superior, temporal, inferior and nasal zones in inner and outer rings ( Fring=11.60, P=0.001; Fzone=12.02, P<0.05). The CVI was smaller in superior and nasal zones in inner ring than in temporal zone, greater in superior, temporal and inferior zones in outer ring than in nasal zone, smaller in superior zone of outer ring than that of the inner ring, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.001). The single factor linear regression analysis showed that ChT in the fovea, inner ring and outer ring were the influencing factors of CVI in the three ring zones (all at β=0.001, P<0.001). Pupil diameter ( β=0.034, P=0.038; β=0.040, P=0.003; β=0.024, P=0.011) and ACD ( β=0.097, P=0.034; β=0.097, P=0.013; β=0.061, P=0.032) were the influencing factors of CVI in fovea, inner ring and outer ring.After multiple linear regression analysis, the regression equations were established as follows: CVI in the macular fovea=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea + 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring-0.301 ( R2=0.514, F=6.875, P<0.001); CVI in the inner ring=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea+ 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring+ 0.088×AL-0.307 ( R2=0.603, F=9.870, P<0.001); CVI in the outer ring=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea+ 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring-0.135 ( R2=0.601, F=9.781, P<0.001). Conclusions:In children aged 6-12 years old, the CVI is higher in the macular central fovea than in inner and outer rings, and the CVI in nasal zone is the smallest in both inner and outer rings.The thicker the ChT, the higher the CVI in all zones in the macular area; the deeper the anterior chamber, the higher the CVI in the inner ring.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1991-1995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990439

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of unplanned readmission of postoperative patients with gynecologic malignancies not only seriously affects the quality of life of patients, but also increases the medical burden. This paper reviews the current situation, common causes, relevant factors and insights of unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients, and further explores the unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients in China by drawing on existing foreign studies and combining them with the actual situation in China, with the aim of providing a basis for clinical health care professionals to develop targeted intervention plans, so as to effectively reduce the unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients.

9.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 146-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979607

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and related factors of norovirus in Guangxi from 2015 to 2020, and to provide scientific recommendations for norovirus prevention and control. Methods The foodborne diseases surveillance data were collected from 11 sentinel hospitals through the National Foodborne Disease Monitoring and Reporting System from 2015 to 2020. R software with version 4.0.3 was used for descriptive and statistical analysis, including epidemic curve, chi-square test, and trend chi-square and so on. Logistic regression was used to analyze norovirus-related factors, OR values and 95% confidence intervals were calculated respectively with the statistical test level of P<0.05. Results There were 1 008 norovirus cases detected, with a detection rate of 12.75% (1 008/7 903). Children with age less than 5 years (OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.13-1.82) and patients at age 20-45 (OR=1.45, 95%CI: 1.13-1.87) were high risk population. The detection rate was higher in autumn (OR=1.29, 95%CI: 1.08-1.53) but lower in summer (OR=0.67, 95%CI: 0.55-0.80). In addition, the tourist area (Guilin City) presented a higher detection rate than other areas (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.10-1.80). Aquatic products (OR=1.40, 95%CI: 1.03-1.91), meat and dairy products (OR=1.31, 95%CI: 1.06-1.61) were high-risk foods for norovirus infection. The prevention and control policies of COVID-19 can reduce the possibility of norovirus by 61% (OR=0.39, 95%CI: 0.31-0.49) showed a declining trend (Trend χ2=85.33, P<0.001). In addition, prolonged visit time can lead to 19%-23% decrease in the detection rate of norovirus (OR24-48 hours=0.81, 95%CI: 0.70-0.95; OR>48 hours=0.77, 95%CI: 0.63-0.93). Conclusions The epidemic of norovirus presented seasonal and regional distribution in Guangxi with a declining detection rate trend in diarrhea patients during recent 6 years. Young children were high-risk population in infection norovirus. The intake of seafood can increase the risk of norovirus infection. The prevention and control policies of COVID-19 can sharply decrease the possibility of infection norovirus. The monitoring of key foods such as seafood should be strengthened, and the early screening of suspected cases should be taken. The norovirus monitoring should be improved to ensure the health of the population.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 576-581, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975143

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mood states, cognitive performance and the factors related to cognitive function of patients with complete spinal cord injury. MethodsA total of 60 male patients with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) admitted to Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from November, 2020 to March, 2022 were selected as SCI group, and 30 healthy males were selected as the control group. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Beijing Version (MoCA), Digital Span Test (DST) of Wechsler Memory Scale, Symbol Digit Modalities Test-Oral Version (SDMT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test-30 min recall (CFT), Stroop Color-Word Test Chinese Version (CWT), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). ResultsCompared with the control group, the SDMT and CFT scores were significantly lower (t > 3.052,P < 0.01); the reflect and square root transformation of MoCA score, the square root transformation of Stroop interference effects time consuming, HAMA score and HAMD score were higher (|t| > 2.542, |Z| > 7.676, P < 0.05) in SCI group. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that age, education level, HAMD score and sleep disorder were significantly correlated with the scores of cognitive function in SCI group. ConclusionThere are more intensive anxiety and depression in patients with complete SCI. The patients with complete SCI present cognitive impairment, especially in information processing speed, visuospatial ability and visual memory, and executive function. Age, education level, depression and sleep disorder are the related factors of cognitive impairment in patients with complete SCI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 565-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975141

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the current situation of rehabilitation therapists' work, and analyze the factors related to their career development and transformation. MethodsFrom September, 2022 to January, 2023, 153 rehabilitation therapists in Weifang were investigated with a cross-sectional questionnaire, using general questionnaire, Job Satisfaction Scale for Grassroots Health Technicians, Social Responsibility Scale, Job Role and Identity Inventory, and Employee Turnover Scale. ResultsThe majority of rehabilitation therapists interviewed were male (52.28%), under 35 years old (88.24%), with a bachelor's degree (77.78%), income less than 5 000 yuan a month (46.40%), and less than five years of service (48.36%). The work time was (7.78±0.84) hours a day, (5.39±0.51) days a week. The favorable rate of the physical environment of work was 67.32%, and the favorable rate of the interpersonal relationship environment of work was 80.39%. The score of professional identity was (3.61±0.84), the score of job satisfaction was (3.62±0.97), the score of social responsibility was (3.53±0.79), and the score of turnover was (2.39±1.10). Education level, job satisfaction, and social responsibility were the main factors related to the employee turnover (P < 0.05). ConclusionThe overall educational level of rehabilitation therapists is relatively low, and the human resource structure needs to be optimized. There is a significant difference between academic education and continuing education, and career development needs to be improved. The main factors related to career development and transformation are education level, job satisfaction, and social responsibility.

12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 313-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006081

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the related factors of emotional and behavioral abnormalities in children with overactive bladder (OAB). 【Methods】 OAB children (aged 6 to 16 years) in a survey of 5 032 children from a county in Henan Province during Sep.2022 and Dec.2022 were identified and surveyed with Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). According to the SDQ score, they were divided into abnormal group (SDQ≥20) and normal group. 【Results】 There were 35.7%(137/385) cases in the abnormal group and 64.3% (248/385) in the normal group. Gender, education level of caregivers, body mass index (BMI), age, constipation, enuresis and severity of OAB were significantly associated with emotional and behavioral abnormalities (P<0.05). Children in the abnormal group showed significant differences in emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity symptoms, peer interaction and sleep (P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis revealed significant differences in gender, educational level of caregi-vers, BMI, age, constipation, enuresis, severity of OAB and PSQI between the two groups (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The prevalence of emotional and behavioral abnormalities is high in children with OAB, which is related to female gender, high BMI, puberty, constipation, enuresis and severity of OAB.

13.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 372-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006057

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the recurrence of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN), and to explore the related factors of recurrence. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 367 RCC patients who underwent RAPN during 2015 and 2020 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into recurrence group and non-recurrence group. The related factors of recurrence and 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of RCC and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) in the recurrence group were analyzed. 【Results】 The median follow-up was 48 (IQR:38-60) months. Recurrence occurred in 9 patients, with a 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of 97.5%. For RCC patients, univariate analysis showed that tumor size, T-stage, R. E. N. A. L. score, R value, N value, and operation time were significantly associated with postoperative recurrence (P<0.05), while multivariate analysis showed that N value (HR=15.75, 95%CI:2.00-124.17, P=0.009) was an independent related factor. For ccRCC patients, univariate analysis showed that hypertension, tumor size, T-stage, R. E. N. A. L. score, N value, operation time and WHO/ISUP grade were significantly associated with postoperative recurrence (P<0.05), while multivariate analysis showed that WHO/ISUP grade (HR=4.99, 95%CI:1.04-24.01, P=0.045) was an independent related factor. 【Conclusion】 The 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of RCC patients after RAPN is 2.5%. N value and WHO/ISUP grade are the independent related factor of recurrence of RCC and ccRCC, respectively.

14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(8): 746-754, Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective There are few multinational studies on gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) treatment outcomes in South America. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical presentation, treatment outcomes, and factors associated with chemoresistance in low-risk postmolar GTN treated with first-line single-agent chemotherapy in three South American centers. Methods Multicentric, historical cohort study including women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)-staged low-risk postmolar GTN attending centers in Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia between 1990 and 2014. Data were obtained on patient characteristics, disease presentation, and treatment response. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between clinical factors and resistance to first-line single-agent treatment. A multivariate analysis of the clinical factors significant in univariate analysis was performed. Results A total of 163 women with low-risk GTN were included in the analysis. The overall rate of complete response to first-line chemotherapy was 80% (130/163). The rates of complete response to methotrexate or actinomycin-D as first-line treatment, and actinomycin-D as second-line treatment postmethotrexate failure were 79% (125/157), 83% (⅚), and 70% (23/33), respectively. Switching to second-line treatment due to chemoresistance occurred in 20.2% of cases (33/163). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients with a 5 to 6 FIGO risk score were 4.2-fold more likely to develop resistance to first-line single-agent treatment (p= 0.019). Conclusion 1) At presentation, most women showed clinical characteristics favorable to a good outcome, 2) the overall rate of sustained complete remission after first-line single-agent treatment was comparable to that observed in developed countries, 3) a FIGO risk score of 5 or 6 is associated with development of resistance to first-line single-agent chemotherapy.


Resumo Objetivo Existem poucos estudos multinacionais sobre os resultados do tratamento da neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional (NTG) na América do Sul. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a apresentação clínica, os resultados do tratamento e os fatores associados a casos de quimiorresistência em NTG pós-molar de baixo risco tratados com quimioterapia de agente único de primeira linha em três centros sul-americanos. Métodos Estudo multicêntrico de coorte histórica incluindo mulheres com NTG pós-molar de baixo risco com estadiamento International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) em centros de atendimento na Argentina, Brasil e Colômbia entre 1990 e 2014. Foram obtidos dados sobre as características do paciente, apresentação da doença e resposta ao tratamento. A regressão logística foi usada para avaliar a relação entre fatores clínicos e resistência ao tratamento de primeira linha com agente único. Foi realizada uma análise multivariada dos fatores clínicos significativos na análise univariada. Resultados Cento e sessenta e três mulheres com NTG de baixo risco foram incluídas na análise. A taxa global de resposta completa à quimioterapia de primeira linha foi de 80% (130/163). As taxas de resposta completa ao metotrexato ou actinomicina-D como tratamento de primeira linha e actinomicina-D como tratamento de segunda linha após falha do metotrexato foram 79% (125/157), 83% (⅚) e 70% (23/33), respectivamente. A mudança para o tratamento de segunda linha por quimiorresistência ocorreu em 20,2% dos casos (33/163). A análise multivariada demonstrou que pacientes com pontuação de risco FIGO de 5 a 6 foram 4,2 vezes mais propensos a desenvolver resistência ao tratamento com agente único de primeira linha (p= 0,019). Conclusão 1) Na apresentação, a maioria das mulheres demonstrou características clínicas favoráveis a um bom resultado, 2) a taxa geral de remissão completa sustentada após o tratamento de primeira linha com agente único foi comparável à de países desenvolvidos, 3) um escore de risco FIGO de 5 ou 6 está associado ao desenvolvimento de resistência à quimioterapia de agente único de primeira linha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , South America , Hydatidiform Mole , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/therapy , Drug Therapy
15.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 111-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904801

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the correlation between vitamin D levels and the risk of early childhood caries (ECC), and to provide a reference for the primary prevention of ECC in children.@*Methods @# A total of 389 children aged 6 months to 48 months were enrolled in this study. Data of feeding patterns and oral health behaviors were collected, and decayed-missing-filled teeth (dmft) were recorded. The children were divided into an ECC group (dmft > 0, n= 146) and a caries-free group (dmft=0, n=243). Peripheral blood of fingertips was collected to detect the active form of vitamin D--25(OH)D in vivo, and the cariogenic activity of dental plaque was analyzed with the Cariostat test. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to analyze the correlation among caries related factors such as 25(OH)D levels and caries risk in patients with ECC.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in the prevalence of dental caries among 25(OH)D deficiency, insufficiency and normal children (χ2=2.320, P=0.313). There was no correlation between dmft and 25(OH)D levels (dmft=1-3, r < 0.001, P > 0.05; dmft > 3, r= 0.009, P > 0.05). The risk factors for ECC were age (OR=1.082, 95% CI: 1.045-1.121, P < 0.001), breastfeeding within 6 months after birth (OR=2.789, 95% CI: 1.581-4.921, P < 0.001), nighttime milk consumption or sleeping with a nipple (OR=4.187, 95% CI: 1.938-9.048, P < 0.001), and a high Cariostat value of 1.5-3.0 (OR=4.173, 95% CI: 2.014-8.646, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#There was no correlation between 25(OH)D level and caries in children aged 6-48 months. The risk factors for ECC are age, breastfeeding before 6 months old, nighttime milk consumption or sleeping with a nipple and high cariogenic activity (Cariostat value of 1.5-3.0). It is necessary to establish good feeding habits and oral hygiene habits for children while promoting breastfeeding.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 109-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940767

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze factors related to the suspected allergic reaction of elememe emulsion injection based on hospital information system. MethodData on cases that used elememe emulsion injection were collected from the information systems of 60 first-class hospitals nationwide. The nested case-control design method was adopted. Finally, 30 cases were included in the suspected allergy group and 120 cases in the control group. SAS 9.3 was employed for descriptive analysis of the gender, age, occupation, admission route, conditions of patients at the admission, and the diagnosis with frequency and percentage. The factors affecting the occurrence of suspected allergic reaction were analyzed by conventional logistic regression and propensity score weighted logistic regression. In the case that the number of independent variables was larger than the sample number, MCP (minimax concave penalty) was used to screen the key variables and the conditions of patients at admission, conditions of patients during hospitalization, hospital stay, diagnostic information, and medication information were compared between two groups. ResultThe male-to-female ratio was about 2∶1 in both groups and most of the patients were 46-65 years old. Patients in the control group were mainly "professional and technical personnel", and the majority in the suspected allergy group were "business and service personnel" and "clerks and related personnel". They were mainly admitted at the outpatient and conditions of patients were average at the admission. Compared with the control group, suspected allergy group showed severe conditions during the hospitalization, short average hospital stay, large proportion with intravenous infusion, and low cure rate and effective rate. The results of logistic regression analysis showed no statistical difference in conditions of patients at admission, hospital stay, combined diseases, medicine dosage, and treatment course. ConclusionThe suspected allergic reaction of elememe emulsion injection mainly occurs in the first administration with rapid onset even with the dose lower than the commonly used one. The occurrence is related to the intravenous infusion and the severe conditions of patients during hospitalization and has nothing to do with the conditions of patients at admission, hospital stay, treatment course, use of other medicines, and diagnostic information. In summary, it is mainly related to the constitution and immune status of patients.

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Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 225-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics and related factors of neonatal intestinal necrosis caused by midgut volvulus.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of neonates with midgut volvulus who were admitted to Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, from January 2009 to December 2019 and confirmed by surgery. The cases with intestinal necrosis belong to the intestinal necrosis group, and those without intestinal necrosis, the non-intestinal necrosis group which was randomly sampled at a ratio of about 4∶1 to the number of cases in the intestinal necrosis group. The two groups were compared in terms of personal history, age of onset, initial symptoms, vital signs within 2 h after admission, time from symptom onset to operation, clinical outcome, laboratory indicators within 2 h after admission, etc. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the related factors of intestinal necrosis in midgut volvulus. The effective warning indexes are screened by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:(1) Among 231 cases of midgut volvulus, 21 cases (9.1%, 21/231) had intestinal necrosis at the time of operation, 87 cases were included in the non-intestinal necrosis group. (2) The levels of heart rate within 2 h after admission, mean arterial pressure, WBC, C reactive protein (CRP), blood glucose and potassium in intestinal necrosis group were significantly higher than those in non-intestinal necrosis group ( P<0.05). Admission days of age, hemoglobin, serum albumin, serum sodium, pH and BE levels were significantly lower than those in the group without intestinal necrosis ( P<0.05). (3) In the multivariate analysis, increased heart rate, mean arterial pressure, serum CRP, and decreased serum sodium, serum albumin, and pH levels were predictors related to intestinal necrosis in patients with midgut volvulus. (4) The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of CRP was 0.883, the cutoff value was 9.88 mg/L, the sensitivity was 76.2%, and the specificity was 94.3%. The ROC curve of serum albumin was 0.792, the cut-off value was 36.65 g/L, the sensitivity was 70.1%, and the specificity was 94.3%. Conclusions:Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, increased CRP, decreased serum sodium, serum albumin and pH are helpful to predict whether intestinal necrosis occurs in midgut volvulus, and CRP > 9.88 mg/L and serum albumin < 36.65 g/L are likely warning indicators.

18.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 123-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929817

ABSTRACT

Graves disease(GD) is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in children.GD is an autoimmune thyroid disease which is based on genetic susceptibility and exacerbated by environmental factors including infection, toxin, drugs and stress.Antithyroid drugs(ATD) are the first-line treatment for GD in children.However, many children relapsed after discontinuing ATD, and the relapse rate between different children varied.Till now, exact cause has not been clarified.Previous studies prove that sex, age, micro-element, goiter size, thyroid hormone level, TRAb level, duration of ATD treatment and genetics may affect prognosis of pediatric GD.Yet predictors precious studies identified were variable.

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Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 937-941, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors related to visiting rate of residents to contracted family doctors in a community health service center in Beijing.Methods:One thousand patients with contracted family doctor services who visited our center from January 2019 to December 2019 were selected for retrospective analysis. According to the corresponding visiting rate of contracted family doctors,patients were divided into low corresponding visiting rate, medium corresponding visiting rate and high corresponding visiting rate, and the influencing factors were analyzed.Results:Among the 1 000 patients, 481 (48.1%) were in the high corresponding visiting rate group, 342 (34.2%) in the middle corresponding visiting rate group, and 177 (17.7%) in the low corresponding visiting rate group. Univariate analysis showed that the corresponding visit rate was significantly associated with the age, marital status and educational level of patients, history of hypertension, the number of family doctor visits, the total visiting time and the consultation time per year (χ 2=12.55, 12.42, 7.69, 21.69, 253.97, 49.54, 9.07, all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with the high corresponding visiting rate group, fewer of family doctor visits ( OR=0.68, 95 %CI: 0.58-0.78), lower education level( OR=0.65, 95 %CI: 0.46-0.92), history of hypertension ( OR=0.09, 95 %CI: 0.02-0.49), and 18-65 years old( OR=1.80, 95 %CI: 1.27-2.55) were the influencing factors for the low corresponding family doctor visiting rate(all P<0.05); while fewer of family doctor visits( OR=0.91, 95 %CI: 0.83-0.99),lower education level ( OR=0.74, 95 %CI: 0.55-0.98)and history of hypertension( OR=0.09, 95 %CI: 0.02-0.44)were the related factors of the medium corresponding visiting rate(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The visiting rate of patients to the contracted family doctor needs to be improved. The number of consultations of the contracted family doctor, educational background, history of hypertension, and age are the influencing factors of the corresponding visiting rate.

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Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 560-566, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, antibiotic resistance and prognostic risk factors of patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection (Kp BSI).Methods:The clinical data of 188 patients diagnosed with Kp BSI from January 1,2017 to December 1,2021 in Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.There were 118 patients males (62.8%) with a median age 77.0(63.0, 85.0) years old. The median length of hospital stay was 20.0 days, and 78 patients (41.5%) were admitted to intensive care unit(ICU). There were 121 cases with carbapenem-sensitive Klebsiella pneumoniae (64.4%, CSKP group) and 67 cases with carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (35.6%, CRKP group).Fifty six patients died within 28 days after admission (death group), and 132 patients survived (survival group).The clinical characteristics and bacterial drug resistance of Kp BSI patients were analyzed, and univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to explore factors related to the CRKP infection and patient mortality.Results:The most common infection sites were respiratory system, abdominal cavity and biliary tract accounting for 39.4% (74/188), 18.1% (34/188) and 14.4% (27/188), respectively.The common comorbidities were coronary heart disease, hypertension, chronic kidney disease and diabetes, accounting for 63.8% (120/188), 59.6% (112/188), 46.3% (87/188) and 43.1% (81/188), respectively and 118 patients (62.8%) had 3 or more comorbidities. Most patients (146 cases, 77.7%) underwent ≥1 invasive procedures before bloodstream infection;and 90 patients (47.9%) had a history of antibiotic use. CRKP strains showed higher resistance rates to piperacillin, quinolones, cephalosporins and carbapenems. Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in age (69.0 vs. 83.0 years), ICU admission 25.6%(31/121) vs. 70.1%(47/67)], invasive procedures [67.8%(82/121) vs. 95.5 %(64/67)], and antibiotic use [37.2% (45/121) vs. 67.2%(45/67)] between the CSKP group and the CRKP group ( Z=-5.73, χ 2=35.22, χ 2=19.15, χ 2=15.53, all P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, ICU admission, invasive procedures and antibiotic use in recent 30 days were independent risk factors for CRKP infection( OR=1.06, P<0.001; OR=3.22, P=0.003; OR=5.93, P=0.009; OR=2.40, P=0.022). The total fatality rate was 29.8%(56/188). Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in CRKP infection [19.7%(26/132) vs. 73.2% (41/56)], albumin level (32.6 vs. 27.8 g/L) and sequential organ failure assessment score (SOFA score, 2 vs. 8 score) between the survival group and the death group (χ 2=49.10, Z=-4.64, Z=-10.36,all P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that CRKP infection, low albumin and high SOFA score on the day of bloodstream infection were risk factors for death of Kp BSI patients( OR=5.13, P=0.021; OR=0.86, P=0.044; OR=3.04, P<0.001). Conclusion:Kp BSI patients have a high fatality rate and fairly severe drug resistance. CRKP infection, low albumin, high SOFA score on the day of bloodstream infection are associated with poor prognosis in Kp BSI patients.

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