Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 547
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 200-206, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376527

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Drug-eluting stents (DES) coated with rapamycin or paclitaxel as antiproliferative substances significantly reduced the incidence of clinical restenosis and had fewer side effects after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, DES coated with rapamycin or paclitaxel still cause restenosis due to abnormal tissue growth which remained a therapeutic problem, particularly in certain subgroups, possibly due to drug concentrations. This study examined the impact of different concentrations of rapamycin and paclitaxel on cytokine, cell viability and proliferation in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC)-derived foam cells. Methods: The foam cell model was established in vitro by incubating HASMC with 20 µg/mL oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) for 48 hours. Subsequently, foam cells were treated with different concentrations (0.01 µg/mL, 0.1 µg/mL, 0.5 µg/mL, 1 µg/mL, 5 µg/mL and 10 µg/mL) of rapamycin or paclitaxel for 48 hours, to measure cytokine, cell viability and proliferation by ELISA and MTT, respectively. Finally, viability and proliferation were measured by MTT after the foam cells were treated with 1 µg/mL rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with cytokine antibody for 48 hours. Results: After incubation of HASMC with ox-LDL, the ratios of cholesterol ester and total cholesterol increased significantly (55.29%) (P<0.01). Lipid staining with Oil Red O showed many lipid vacuoles and red dye particles in the cells. Meanwhile, cell viability and proliferation significantly increased compared with the control. This indicated that HASMC had been transformed into foam cells (P<0.01) while rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥0.1 µg/mL can significantly decrease the foam cell proliferation (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and 1 µg/mL of rapamycin or paclitaxel appeared the most effective concentration. As for cytokines, rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥1 ug/mL could significantly increase the level of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which was enhanced with the increase of drug concentration. However, rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥1 µg/mL could significantly reduce the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-35 and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which decreased with the increase of drug concentration. In addition, rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with anti-IL-1β, anti-IL-6, anti- TNF-α or anti-IL-35 had no significant effect on foam cell proliferation compared to the drug alone. However, rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with anti-IL-10 or anti-TGF-β can significantly enhance foam cell proliferation (P<0.01). In addition, there was no difference in the effects of the same concentrations of rapamycin and paclitaxel on foam cells. Conclusion: Although rapamycin or paclitaxel can reduce foam cell proliferation, too high or too low concentrations could decrease effectiveness. In particular, a high dose can induce foam cells to increase inflammatory cytokines secretion, reduce anti-inflammatory cytokines secretion, and thus affect the inhibiting proliferation. For rapamycin- and paclitaxel-eluting stents, this conclusion may explain the clinical observation of in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. DES coated with an appropriate concentration of rapamycin or paclitaxel may, at least to some extent, contribute significantly to reducing incidence of late in-stent restenosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carotid artery stenting (CAS) in the treatment of non-circumferential severe calcification using the distal embolic protection device.Methods:Clinical data of patients with severe calcification lesions in cervical carotid artery treated by CAS from Jan 2018 to Dec 2020 at our center was analyzed retrospectively.Results:226 consecutively admitted patients of cervical carotid artery stenosis and non-circumferential severe calcification (CR>270°) underwent CAS using the distal embolic protection device. The technical success rate was 90.26%. No death or myocardial infarction occurred during the perioperative period. Two patients had ipsilateral hemiparesis ischemic stroke during post-dilatation. The incidence of perioperative bradycardia/hypotension was 25.34%. Patients were followed up for 6-36 months, with median follow-up period of 17.3 months. The incidence of mild or moderate in-stent restenosis (<70%) was 16.59%, and the incidence of severe in-stent restenosis or occlusion (>70%) was 3.22%.Conclusions:For carotid artery stenosis with non-circumferential severe calcification in high risk for CEA patients, carotid artery stenting is safe and effective with the aggressive pre-dilation strategies, strict stent selections and implantation standards. The incidence of perioperative death, myocardial infarction or ipsilateral hemiparesis ischemic stroke was low. The patency rate of the carotid stent in the calcification lesion is satisfactory during the mid-term follow-up.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 87-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety, feasibility and efficacy of drug-coated balloon (DCB) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the vertebrobasilar artery.Methods:Twenty-one patients with ISR of the vertebrobasilar artery treated with DCB at the Zhengzhou University People′s Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively included. There were 22 lesions with ISR, of which 8 were located in the initial segments of vertebral artery, 12 were located in the V4 segment of the vertebral artery, and 2 were located in the basilar artery. The clinical prognosis was evaluated by modified Rankin Scale (mRS), and the target vessel restenosis was evaluated by DSA, CTA or MRA. The safety, feasibility and effectiveness of DCB in the treatment of vertebrobasilar artery ISR were analyzed by perioperative complications, technical success rate and follow-up.Results:All 21 patients with ISR underwent successful interventional surgery. No stroke, TIA and death occurred in perioperative period. During the operation, two cases (9.5%) were treated with Apollo stent due to the residual stenosis>50% after DCB dilation. The technical success rate was 90.5%. The mean stenosis of the target vessel was improved immediately from preoperative (78.1±11.3)% to postoperative (22.1±8.3)%. All the 21 patients were followed up. As of the last follow-up in September 2021, the median clinical follow-up period was 19 (12, 33.5) months, and there were no stroke, TIA and death caused by the corresponding artery. The mRS score was 0 in 18 patients 1 in 2 patients and 2 in 1 patient. Imaging follow-up was available in 13 cases (61.9%) with a median follow-up time of 7(5.5, 19) months, and the target vessel restenosis rate was 7.7% (1/13).Conclusions:This preliminary study has shown that DCB in the treatment of ISR of the vertebrobasilar artery is safe and feasible, with a high technical success rate and low restenosis rate, which provides clinical application evidence, but the long-term effect needs further follow-up observation.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 96-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932033

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the correlation of serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) with intra-stent restenosis (ISR) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.Methods:A total of 227 patients with coronary artery disease, who were diagnosed with severe epicardial coronary stenosis by coronary angiography (CAG) and treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and DES implantation were enrolled in our study. After follow-up for 1-1.5 years, the CAG was performed and the patients were divided into ISR group and non-ISR (nISR) group according to the consequence of CAG. Biochemical data and multiple serum inflammatory factors such as Lp-PLA2, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were analyzed before the CAG. Multivariate logistic regression and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of stent restenosis after DES implantation.Results:The level of serum Lp-PLA2 and the proportion of hypertension in ISR group were significantly higher than those in nISR group, and the level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly lower than that in nISR group (all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in other biochemical indexes and inflammatory factors between the two groups (all P>0.05). The minimum lumen diameter of stent segment in ISR group was significantly lower than that in nISR group ( t=14.975, P<0.01), and the stenosis degree of stent segment diameter was significantly higher than that in nISR group ( P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Lp-PLA2 remained an independent predictor for ISR (1.011, 95% CI: 1.005-1.017). Only the serum levels of Lp-PLA2 had linear relationship with the degree of ISR by multivariate linear regression analysis ( β=0.790, P<0.01). Conclusions:Serum Lp-PLA2 level is independently associated with an increased risk of ISR in patients with coronary heart disease.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 187-193,C3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of ankle brachial index (ABI), HEART and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI)scores for restenosis in patients with lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans (LEASO) after stent implantation.Methods:A retrospective study of 100 patients who were admitted to the Heyuan City People′s Hospital for stent implantation for LEASO from January 2015 to January 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were collected, and the patients were divided into restenosis group ( n=28) and patency group ( n=72) according to whether they were restenosis after operation. The clinical data of the two groups of patients were compared, including gender, age, disease course, history of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, smoking history, regular medication after surgery, number of stents, total length, bilateral lesions, total occlusion of lower extremities, length of vascular lesions, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, fibrinogen, hemoglobin, platelet count and red blood cell count, and ABI, HEART, TIMI scores were compared, the relationship between ABI, HEART and TIMI scores and postoperative restenosis was further analyzed. Measurement data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and two independent samples t-test was used for comparison between groups; enumeration data were compared between groups by Chi-square test. Based on independent risk factors in multivariate Logistic regression analysis, a nomogram prediction model was constructed using R 3.3.2 software and software package rms. Correlations were analyzed using bivariate Pearson linear correlation analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the predictive value of each score and nomogram model for postoperative restenosis, and the results were expressed as the area under the curve (AUC) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of the area. Results:Patients in the restenosis group and the patency group had a history of smoking, the proportion of irregular postoperative medications, the number of implanted stents, the total length of implanted stents, hs-CRP, fibrinogen, total cholesterol, red blood cell count levels, and ABI, HEART, TIMI scores were significantly different ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that ABI score ( r=-0.527, P=0.001) was negatively correlated with postoperative restenosis, and the HEART score ( r=0.604, P=0.010) and TIMI score ( r=0.719, P=0.005) were positively correlated with postoperative restenosis. A history of smoking, irregular medication after surgery, number of implanted stents>2, total length of implanted stent>212 mm, hs-CRP>2 mg/L, fibrinogen>3.7 g/L, ABI score ≤0.58, HEART score>6.30, and TIMI score>4.30 were independent risk factors for postoperative restenosis. The ABI, HEART, and TIMI scores predict the AUC of the ROC curve for postoperative restenosis of 0.813, 0.789, and 0.798, cutoff points were 0.58, 6.30 and 4.30 score, sensitivities were 95.64%, 91.17% and 92.51%, specificities were 64.18%, 55.43% and 58.62%, respectively. The consistency index (C-index) and ROC curve AUC of the nomogram prediction model were 0.811 (95% CI: 0.721-0.901) and 0.818 (95% CI: 0.732-0.904), respectively, indicating a good degree of discrimination. Conclusions:ABI, HEART and TIMI scores are independent risk factors for restenosis after stent implantation in LEASO patients. ABI, HEART and TIMI scores can effectively predict the risk of restenosis after stent implantation in patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the important methods for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). In-sent restenosis (ISR) after PCI for patients suffered from CAD is considered to be an essential factor affecting long-term outcomes and prognosis of this disease. This study aims to investigate the correlation between plasma Quaking (QKI) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) levels and ISR in patients with CAD.@*METHODS@#A total of 218 consecutive CAD patients who underwent coronary angiography and coronary arterial stenting from September 2019 to September 2020 in the Department of Cardiology of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled in this study, and 35 matched individuals from the physical examination center were served as a control group. After admission, clinical data of these 2 groups were collected. Plasma QKI and COX-2 levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Follow-up angiography was performed 12 months after PCI. CAD patients were divided into a NISR group (n=160) and an ISR group (n=58) according to the occurrence of ISR based on the coronary angiography. The clinical data, coronary angiography, and stent features between the NISR group and the ISR group were compared, and multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the factors influencing ISR. The occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) 1 year after operation was recorded. Fifty-eight patients with ISR were divided into an MACE group (n=24) and a non-MACE group (n=34), classified according to the occurrence of MACE, and the plasma levels of QKI and COX-2 were compared between the 2 groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilized to analyze the diagnostic value of plamsa levels of QKI and COX-2 for ISR and MACE occurrences in patients after PCI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, plasma levels of QKI and COX-2 in the CAD group decreased significantly (all P<0.001). Compared with the NISR group, the plasma levels of QKI and COX-2 also decreased obviously in the ISR group (all P<0.001), while the levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) significantly increased (all P<0.001). The level of COX-2 was negatively correlated with hs-CRP (r=-0.385, P=0.003). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high level of plasma QKI and COX-2 were protective factors for in-stent restenosis after PCI, while hs-CRP was a risk factor. ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity of plasma QKI for evaluating the predictive value of ISR were 77.5% and 66.5%, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of plasma COX-2 for evaluating the predictive value of ISR were 80.0% and 70.7%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma QKI combined with COX-2 for evaluating the predictive value of ISR were 81.3% and 74.1%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma QKI for evaluating the prognosis of ISR were 75.0% and 64.7%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma COX-2 for evaluating the prognosis of ISR were 75.0% and 70.6%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma QKI combined with COX-2 for prognostic evaluation of ISR were 81.7% and 79.4%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma COX-2 combined with QKI for evaluating ISR and MACE occurrences in patients after PCI were better than those of COX-2 or QKI alone (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High level of plasma QKI and COX-2 might be a protective factor for ISR, which can also predict ISR patient's prognosis.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Coronary Angiography/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Restenosis/therapy , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Stents/adverse effects
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 727-733, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285209

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A incidência de reestenose da artéria coronária após o implante de um stent não farmacológico é mais baixa que na angioplastia com balão; no entanto, ainda apresenta altas taxas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar novos indicadores de risco para reestenose de stent usando ultrassonografia das carótidas que, em conjunto com indicadores já existentes, ajudariam na escolha do stent. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo prospectivo transversal incluindo 121 pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronariana que foram submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea com angiografia nos 12 meses anteriores. Após os casos de reestenose de stent serem identificados, os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia de carótidas para avaliar a espessura da camada íntima média e placas ateroscleróticas. Os dados foram analisados por regressão múltipla de Cox. O nível de significância foi p<0,05. Resultados: A idade mediana dos pacientes foi de 60 anos (1º quartil = 55, 3º quartil = 68), e 64,5% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A angiografia coronária mostrou que 57 pacientes (47,1%) apresentaram reestenose de stent. Cinquenta e cinco pacientes (45,5%) apresentaram placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas e 54,5% apresentaram placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa. Dos pacientes que apresentaram placas ecolucentes, 90,9% apresentaram reestenose do stent coronário, e daqueles com placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa, 10,6% apresentaram reestenose de stent. A presença de placas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas aumentou o risco de reestenose de stent coronário em 8,21 vezes (RR=8,21;IC95%: 3,58-18,82; p<0,001). Conclusões: A presença de placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes na artéria carótida constitui um preditor de risco de reestenose de stent coronário e deve ser considerada na escolha do tipo de stenta ser usado na angioplastia coronária.


Abstract Background: The incidence of restenosis of the coronary artery after a bare-metal stent implant has been lower than in simple balloon angioplasty; however, it still shows relatively high rates. Objective: The aim of this study was to find new risk indicators for in-stent restenosis using carotid ultrasonography, that, in addition to the already existing indicators, would help in decision-making for stent selection. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional prospective study including 121 consecutive patients with chronic coronary artery disease who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with repeat angiography in the previous 12 months. After all cases of in-stent restenosis were identified, patients underwent carotid ultrasonography to evaluate carotid intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis plaques. The data were analyzed by Cox multiple regression. The significance level was set a p<0.05. Results: Median age of patients was 60 years (1st quartile = 55, 3rd quartile = 68), and 64.5% of patients were male. Coronary angiography showed that 57 patients (47.1%) presented in-stent restenosis. Fifty-five patients (45.5%) had echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid arteries and 54.5% had echogenic plaques or no plaques. Of patients with who had echolucent plaques, 90.9% presented coronary in-stent restenosis. Of those who had echogenic plaques or no plaques, 10.6% presented in-stent restenosis. The presence of echolucent plaques in carotid arteries increased the risk of coronary in-stent restenosis by 8.21 times (RR=8.21; 95%CI: 3.58-18.82; p<0.001). Conclusions: The presence of echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid artery constitutes a risk predictor of coronary instent restenosis and should be considered in the selection of the type of stent to be used in coronary angioplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Restenosis/etiology , Coronary Restenosis/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Stents/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Coronary Angiography , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Middle Aged
8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E006-E013, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904357

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of vascular stress changes on endothelial function recovery and vascular restenosis inhibition in dynamic degradation process of the degradable stent. Methods The material parameters of the hyper-elastic vascular constitutive relationship was fitted, and the stress distribution on the intima of the blood vessel before stent implantation and during dynamic degradation was calculated by numerical simulation. In vitro culture experiments were carried out, and the stretch ratios of the silicon chambers were 0%, 5%, 10% and 15%, respectively, to simulate the mechanical environment at different degradation stages, and to explore the effects of different stretch ratios on growth state of the endothelial cells (ECs). Results After the stent was completely degraded, the circumferential intimal stress and strain of the vessel were restored to 0.137 MPa and 5.5%, which were close to the physiological parameters (0.122 MPa, 4.8%) before stent implantation. In vitro experiments showed that the survival rate of ECs was the highest under the condition of 0.1 MPa circumferential stress and 5% strain, and adhesion growth could be achieved. Conclusions With the occurrence of stent degradation process, the circumferential stress and strain of the intima were restored to a range close to physiological parameters, which promoted the growth of ECs. The recovery of intimal function could effectively inhibit the process of vascular restenosis. The results can provide the theoretical basis and experimental platform for studying coronary intervention for the treatment of vascular restenosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of drug-coated balloon (DCB) with paclitaxel in the treatment of femoropopliteal arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).Methods:From Dec 2016 to Dec 2018, clinical data of femoropopliteal artery disease patients treated with paclitaxel DCB in Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 83 patients (95 lower limbs) underwent DCB therapy. Including 50 chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions (52.6%) with mean lesion length of (18.35±10.61) cm. Twenty-four lesions (25.3%) were moderately or severely calcified. Bail-out stent implantation was performed in 29.5% cases. The mean follow-up time was 17.5 months. Twelve months after intervention, the all-cause mortality rate was 6.0%, the major amputation rate was 4.3%, the primary patency rate was 60.6%, the primary assisted patency rate was 72.4%, the secondary patency rate was 83.4%, and the freedom rate from clinically-driven target lesion revascularization(F-TLR) was 77.0%. Moderate to severe calcification was an independent risk factor for the primary patency of DCB therapy.Conclusion:DCB is a safe and effective endovascular therapy for femoropopliteal artery disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942246

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the role of Rotarex mechanical thrombectomy system in treating instent restenosis of peripheral artery disease (PAD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 7 in-stent restenosis (ISR) cases of lower extremity PAD from June 2017 to Dec 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 2 females and the mean age was (70.0±7.6) years from 59.0 to 76.0 years. All the cases were treated by Rotarex mechanical thrombectomy system. In the 7 cases, time interval from the previous stent implantation to ischemia recurrence was 1.0 to 72.0 months, and the median time was 6.0 months. The period from ischemia recurrence to endovascular therapy was 3 days to 2 years, and the median time was 62 days. Rotarex mechanical debulking catheter and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) were used in all the cases, and the stent was used only when it was necessary. Anticoagulation was used for 24 hours after procedures and then antiplatelet agents were used as usual. Doppler ultrasonography was taken during the followed-up.@*RESULTS@#All the 7 cases were successful in technology, 3 of which were implanted with new stents for the fracture of the old ones. while for the other four cases, no new stent was implanted. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) increased from 0.31±0.08 to 0.86±0.08 after treatment (t=-12.84, P < 0.001). Thrombectomy was applied urgently in one case because of acute thrombosis in the stent, and the result was good. There was no other complications in hospital. All the patients were followed up for 5.0-22.0 months, and the median time was 14.0 months. No death and amputation occurred during the follow-up. One patient stopped antiplatelet agents because of gastrointestinal bleeding, which resulted in acute thrombosis. in-stent restenosis reappeared in 3 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Debulking using Rotarex catheter is safe and effective in treating in-stent restenosis of PAD, especially in reducing stents implantation, but is not good at dealing with old thrombus and proliferating intima, and can do nothing about fractured stents and hyperplasia of intima, so it needs to be combined with stents and drug coated balloons.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans/surgery , Coronary Restenosis , Female , Femoral Artery , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Thrombectomy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had become widely employed therapeutic procedure for coronary artery disease, stent restenosis limited the benefits of this revascularization and the question how to prevent such events remained unresolved. While numerous empirical observations suggested Tongguan Capsules (), a patented Chinese Medicine, could decrease frequency and duration of angina pectoris attacks, evidence supporting its efficacy on restenosis remained inadequate.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial was designed to determine whether Tongguan Capsules would reduce restenosis rate in patients after successful stent implantation.@*METHODS@#Approximately 400 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary stent deployment were enrolled and randomized to control group or Tongguan Capsules (4.5 g/d) for 3 months. All patients received standard anti-platelet, anti-coagulation and lipid-decreasing treatments, concurrently. The primary clinical endpoint was the 12-month incidence of the major adverse cardiovascular events (defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and recurrence of symptoms requiring additional revascularization). The angiographic end point was restenosis rate at 6 months.@*CONCLUSION@#This study would provide important evidence for the use of Tongguan Capsules in patients after stent implantation in combination with routine therapies, which may significantly reduce incidence of the restenosis so as to potentially improve the clinical outcomes. (registration number: ChiCTR-TRC- ChiCTR-IIR-17011407).

12.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200169, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250237

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The aim of carotid interventions is to prevent cerebrovascular events. Endovascular treatment (carotid-artery-stenting/CAS) has become established as an alternative to open surgery in some cases. Historically, female sex has been considered as a perioperative risk factor, however, there are few studies regarding this hypothesis when it comes to CAS. Objectives To analyze the CAS results in our center adjusted by sex. Methods A retrospective cohort study was designed, including patients with carotid atheromatosis operated at a single center from January 2016 to June 2019. Our objective was to compare cardiovascular risk, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and mortality, by sex. Follow-up rates of stent patency, restenosis, stroke, myocardial infarction, and death were reported. Results 71 interventions were performed in 50 men (70.42%) and 21 women (29.57%). Mean age was 70.50 ± 10.72 years for men and 73.62 ± 11.78 years for women. Cardiovascular risk factors did not differ significantly between sexes. Mean follow-up was 11.28 ± 11.28 months. There were no significant differences in neurological events during follow-up. No adverse cardiological events were detected at any time. Regarding the mortality rate, during medium-term follow up there were 2 neurological related deaths with no significant differences between sexes (p=0.8432). Neither sex had higher rated of restenosis during long term follow-up (5.63% vs. 1.41%, p = 0.9693) or reoperation (1.41% vs. 1.41%, p = 0.4971). All procedures remained patent (<50% restenosis). Conclusions Despite the limitations of our study, CAS is a therapeutic option that is as effective and safe in women as in men. No sex differences were observed.


Resumo Contexto As intervenções carotídeas visam prevenir eventos cerebrovasculares. O tratamento endovascular (implante de stent na artéria carótida) se estabeleceu como uma alternativa à cirurgia aberta em alguns casos. Historicamente, o sexo feminino é considerado um fator de risco perioperatório, mas há poucos estudos abordando essa hipótese em casos de stent de carótida. Objetivos Analisar os resultados do CAS em nosso centro ajustados por sexo. Métodos Este estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluiu pacientes com ateromatose carotídea operados em um centro de janeiro de 2016 a junho de 2019. Nosso objetivo foi comparar o risco cardiovascular, incluindo infarto do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral e mortalidade, de acordo com o sexo. No seguimento, foram descritos patência do stent, reestenose, acidente vascular cerebral, infarto do miocárdio e morte. Resultados Setenta e uma intervenções foram realizadas: 50 homens (70,42%) e 21 mulheres (29,57%). A média de idade foi de 70,50 ± 10,72 anos nos homens e 73,62 ± 11,78 anos nas mulheres. Os fatores de risco cardiovascular não diferiram significativamente entre os sexos. A média de seguimento foi de 11,28 ± 11,28 meses. Durante o seguimento, não houve diferenças significativas nos eventos neurológicos. Nenhum evento cardiológico adverso foi detectado. Quanto à taxa de mortalidade, durante o seguimento de médio prazo ocorreram 2 óbitos neurológicos sem diferenças significativas entre os sexos (p = 0,8432). Não foi observada maior taxa de reestenose no seguimento de longo prazo (5,63% vs. 1,41%, p = 0,9693) ou de reoperação (1,41% vs. 1,41%, p = 0,4971) ao comparar os dois sexos. Todos os procedimentos permaneceram pérvios (< 50% de reestenose). Conclusões Apesar das limitações deste estudo, o stent de carótida em mulheres é uma opção terapêutica tão eficaz e segura quanto em homens. Nenhuma diferença foi observada entre os sexos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carotid Arteries/surgery , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Vascular Patency , Stents , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Endovascular Procedures/mortality , Graft Occlusion, Vascular
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 613-619, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131349

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Selecionar a estratégia de tratamento ideal para a revascularização coronária é um desafio. Um desfecho crucial a ser considerado no momento dessa escolha é a necessidade de refazer a revascularização, uma vez que ela se torna muito mais frequente após a intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) do que após a cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRM). Objetivo: Pretende-se, com este estudo, trazer reflexões acerca das preferências dos pacientes pelas estratégias de revascularização sob a perspectiva de pacientes que tiveram que refazer a revascularização. Métodos: Selecionamos uma amostra de pacientes que haviam sido submetidos à ICP e hospitalizados para refazer a revascularização coronária e elicitamos suas preferências por nova ICP ou CRM. Morte perioperatória, mortalidade a longo prazo, infarto do miocárdio e repetir a revascularização foram utilizados para a construção de cenários a partir da descrição de tratamentos hipotéticos que foram rotulados como ICP ou CRM. A ICP era sempre apresentada como a opção com menor incidência de morte perioperatória e maior necessidade de se refazer o procedimento. O modelo logístico condicional foi empregado para analisar as escolhas dos pacientes, utilizando-se o software R. Valores de p <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Ao todo, 144 pacientes participaram, a maioria dos quais (73,7%) preferiram a CRM à ICP (p < 0,001). Os coeficientes de regressão foram estatisticamente significativos para o rótulo ICP, mortalidade a longo prazo da ICP, morte perioperatória da CRM, mortalidade a longo prazo da CRM e refazer a CRM. O rótulo ICP foi o parâmetro mais importante (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes que enfrentam a necessidade de refazer a revascularização coronária rejeitam uma nova ICP, com base em níveis realistas de riscos e benefícios. Incorporar as preferências dos pacientes à estimativa do risco-benefício e às recomendações de tratamento poderia melhorar o cuidado centrado no paciente.


Abstract Background: Selecting the optimal treatment strategy for coronary revascularization is challenging. A crucial endpoint to be considered when making this choice is the necessity to repeat revascularization since it is much more frequent after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Objective: This study intends to provide insights on patients' preferences for revascularization, strategies in the perspective of patients who had to repeat revascularization. Methods: We selected a sample of patients who had undergone PCI and were hospitalized to repeat coronary revascularization and elicited their preferences for a new PCI or CABG. Perioperative death, long-term death, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization were used to design scenarios describing hypothetical treatments that were labeled as PCI or CABG. PCI was always presented as the option with lower perioperative death risk and a higher necessity to repeat procedure. A conditional logit model was used to analyze patients' choices using R software. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 144 patients participated, most of them (73.7%) preferred CABG over PCI (p < 0.001). The regression coefficients were statistically significant for PCI label, PCI long-term death, CABG perioperative death, CABG long-term death and repeat CABG. The PCI label was the most important parameter (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Most patients who face the necessity to repeat coronary revascularization reject a new PCI, considering realistic levels of risks and benefits. Incorporating patients' preferences into benefit-risk calculation and treatment recommendations could enhance patient-centered care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Patient Preference
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843144

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) of original plaque to predict carotid artery in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods: Forty cases of the patients with carotid atherosclerosis who were to undergo the carotid artery stenting (CAS) were included in this study. All participants underwent vessel wall MR imaging (VW-MRI) and DCE-MRI within one week before CAS. Carotid digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were performed at the sixth month to reassess the stenosis of stent. The correlation between DCE-MRI and ISR was evaluated. Results: The level of Ktran in ISR group was significantly higher than that in non-ISR group (P=0.000), and so was the vP (P=0.037). Ktrans could independently predict ISR (OR=1.43, 95%CI 1.17-1.56, P=0.012), and the cut-off value of Ktrans was 0.09 min-1 (sensitivity=100%, specificity=87.5%). Conclusion: Intraplaque inflammation may lead to excessive intimal hyperplasia after ISR. Ktrans could be a risk predictor of ISR with high sensitivity and specificity. DCE-MRI could be an effective tool to predict ISR.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848138

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A series of studies have shown that both drug-eluting balloons and drug-eluting stents are better than the other treatments for drug-eluting in-stent restenosis lesions, but both of them have limitations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term therapeutic efficacy of drug-eluting balloons and drug-eluting stents in the treatment of coronary in-stent restenosis. METHODS: A total of 63 patients with in-stent restenosis who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University between January 2016 and December 2017 were included in this study. Among these patients, 32 patients received treatment with drug-eluting balloons (drug-eluting balloon group) and 31 patients were treated with drug-eluting stents (drug-eluting stent group). Coronary artery status before and immediately after surgery, coronary angiography 1 year after surgery, adverse events, and the risk factors of in-stent restenosis were recorded in both groups. The study was approved and supported by the Medical Ethics Committee of Inner Mongolia Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: All patients were followed up for 1 year. There were no significant differences in minimum in-stent diameter, target vessel diameter, in-stent lumen loss in the late period between patients receiving treatment with drug-eluting balloons and patients receiving drug-eluting stents (all P > 0. 05). There were no significant differences in secondary restenosis rate (18% vs. 16%, P=0. 216), target lesion revascularization rate (6% vs. 6%, P=0. 513), and incidence of adverse events (9% vs. 10%, P=0. 334) between drug-eluting balloon and drug-eluting stent groups. There were two cases of gastrointestinal bleeding in the drug-eluting stent group, and no gastrointestinal bleeding occurred in the drug-eluting balloon group. Significant difference in gastrointestinal bleeding occurred between these two groups (P < 0. 01). Multi-factor analysis showed that smoking, diabetes and hyperhomocysteinemia are the risk factors of in-stent restenosis. These results suggest that both drug-eluting balloons and drug-eluting stents are the ideal treatments of in-stent restenosis. In clinical practice, individualized treatment options should be considered based on multiple factors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847698

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is no efficient and unified optimal scheme for treating coronary bifurcation diseases. Simple strategies such as drug-eluting stent implantation in the main branch and drug-coated balloon dilation in the sub-branches are mostly adopted. However, direct drug-coated balloon dilation cannot overcome the problem of elastic retraction of vascular wall, and there is still a risk of branch loss in the long term. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a cutting balloon versus a semi-compliant balloon for predilation of coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS: From August 2016 to May 2018, 110 patients with coronary bifurcation lesions admitted at Jiaozuo People’s Hospital were selected, including 83 males and 27 females, aged 18-88 years. The patients were randomized into observation and control groups (n=55/group) and received percutaneous coronary intervention. The main branch in the observation group was predilated by a cutting balloon prior to drug-eluting stent implantation, and the sub-branches were predilated by a cutting balloon prior to drug-coated balloon dilation. The main branch in the control group was predilated by a semi-compliant balloon prior to drug-eluting stent implantation, and the sub-branches were predilated by a semi-compliant balloon prior to drug-coated balloon dilation. Immediate postoperative angiography was performed to determine the forward blood flow TIMI grading of main branches and sub-branches and whether vascular dissection occurred. Coronary angiography quantitative analysis was used to detect the reference diameter, minimum inner diameter and stenosis degree of main and sub-branches before, immediately, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Major cardiovascular adverse events within 12 months after surgery were recorded in both groups. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Jiaozuo People’s Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Immediate postoperative angiography showed that the TIMI level 3 rate of the main branches and sub-branches in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P=0.007, 0.015), the incidence of vascular dissection was lower than that in the control group (P=0.023, 0.012), and the emergency target vessel reconstruction rate was lower than that in the control group (P=0.006, 0.026). (2) The success rate of coronary artery maintenance immediately and at 6 and 12 months after surgery in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (all P < 0.001). (3) The minimum inner diameter of main branches and sub-branches in the observation group was larger than that in the control group immediately and at 6 and 12 months after surgery (all P < 0.01). The degree of inner diameter stenosis was smaller than that in the control group (all P < 0.01). (4) The target vessel restenosis rate of main branch and sub-branches in the observation group was lower than that in the control group within 12 months after surgery (P=0.038, 0.043). The incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events was lower than that in the control group (P=0.025). (5) These results indicate that in coronary bifurcation lesions, drug-eluting stent implantation is suitable for main branch lesions and drug coated balloon is suitable for sub-branch lesion. Cutting balloon predilation is safer and more effective than semi-compliant balloon predilation. Cutting balloon predilation can also reduce the rate of target restenosis and the incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the correlation between CKLF-like marvel transmembrane domain containing member (CMTM5) gene and the risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) with coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and to detect the effects and mechanisms of CMTM5-stimulated genes on human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) proliferation and migration.@*METHODS@#A total of 124 hospitalized patients in Shijitan Hospital were enrolled in this study. All the CAD patients were detected with platelet reactivity and grouped into two groups according to platelet reactivity; ISR was conformed by coronary angiography; RT-PCR method was used to detect CMTM5 gene expression; The CMTM5 over expression, reduction and control EC lines were established; Cell count, MTT, Brdu and flow cytometry methods were used to detect the proliferation of ECs, scratch and transwell experiments to test the migration of ECs, Western blot was used to detect signal path expressions.@*RESULTS@#CMTM5 gene expression in HAPR (High on aspirin platelet reactivity) group was 1.72 times compared with No-HAPR group, which was significantly higher than No-HAPR group. HAPR group ISR rate was 25.8% (8 cases), the incidence of No-HAPR ISR group was 9.7% (9 cases), and the results showed that in HAPR group, the incidence of ISR was significantly higher than that in No-HAPR group (P=0.04, OR=0.04, 95%CI=1.16-7.52), which showed that CMTM5 gene was significantly correlated with the risk of ISR. In HAPR group ISR rate was 25.8% (8 cases), the incidence of ISR in No-HAPR group was 9.7% (9 cases), and the results showed that the risk of ISR in HAPR group was significantly higher than that in No-HAPR group. All the results showed that CMTM5 was significantly correlated with the risk of ISR in CAD patients (P < 0.05). CMTM5 overexpression inhibited the proliferation and migration ability of ECs (P < 0.05), PI3K/Akt signaling pathways were involved in the role of regulation on ECs.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results revealed that CMTM5 gene was closely related with ISR, CMTM5 overexpression may repress ECs proliferation and migration through regulating PI3K-Akt signaling.


Subject(s)
Chemokines , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Endothelial Cells , Humans , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 373-377, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941119

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of in-stent restenosis (ISR) following successful stent implantation in patients with ablation-associated severe pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) who undergo atrial fibrillation ablation. Methods: Data of patients who underwent pulmonary vein angiography to confirm PVS after radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) and received pulmonary vein stenting at Shanghai Chest Hospital from March 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively analysed. All patients were followed up for a long period of time (pulmonary vein contract-enhanced CT within 6 to 12 months after operation was performed, and pulmonary angiography was performed if CT indicated stenosis>50%). The incidence of ISR was recorded. According to angiography, the patients were divided into ISR group and non-ISR group. The clinical and intraoperative imaging characteristics and interventional data were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression was used to analyse the influencing factors of ISR. Results: A total of 47 patients ((47.1±12.2) years old) were enrolled in this study, including 28 males(59.6%). There were 19 cases in ISR group and 28 cases in non-ISR group. Compared with the non-ISR group, the ISR group received more pulmonary vein isolation ((2.8±0.9) vs. (1.8±1.3), P=0.02), and the interval between last ablation and stenting was longer ((19.4±9.6) vs. (13.0±12.4), P=0.03). The incidence of ISR in patients with stent diameter≤8 mm was significantly higher than those with stent diameter>8 mm (33.3%(20/60) vs. 8.1%(3/37), P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis found that the number of radiofrequency ablation>1 (OR=2.1, 95%CI 1.3-3.9, P=0.02), and the time from the last ablation to stent placement>12 months (OR=1.5, 95%CI 1.1-2.5, P=0.03), reference diameter of stenosed distal vessel (OR=0.7, 95%CI 0.5-0.9, P=0.04), post procedural minimal luminal diameter (OR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.8, P=0.02) and stent diameter (OR=0.6, 95%CI 0.3-0.9, P=0.03) were independent factors of ISR. Conclusions: The greater number of radiofrequency ablations and the longer time from the last ablation to stent placement increase the risk of ISR. The larger reference diameter of the stenosed distal vessel, stent diameter and post procedural minimal luminal diameter are the protective factors of ISR.


Subject(s)
Adult , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , China , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Restenosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Veins , Retrospective Studies , Stenosis, Pulmonary Vein , Stents , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E156-E162, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862306

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the model of rabbit vena arterialization, so as to investigate the difference of mechanical parameters between arteries and veins as well as before and after arterialization. Methods Twenty-four rabbits were randomly divided into experimental group (n=12) and control group (n=12). By establishing the rabbit vena arterialization model for experimental group, the arterial blood could flow into the veins. After model creation, the vein would be removed 4 weeks after surgery. In the meantime, the external jugular veins and cephalic arteries extracted from control group were acquired. Compressive pressurizing and stretching tests on all vessels were conducted at the same time(including arteries, veins and arterialized veins). Observation was supported by HE staining and immune tissue chemical techniques. Results There were no deaths among the 24 rabbits, with unobstructed blood flow in veins. With the increase of intravascular pressure, the outer diameter of veins changed at first and then stabilized at a fixed value. The elasticity of veins was worse than that of arteries. The external diameter of veins increased rapidly with internal pressure of veins increasing and reached its extreme elasticity. Comparatively, the elasticity of arteries increased slowly. HE staining results showed that thickness of the vascular wall was thinner, while it became thicker after vena arterialization. After vena arterialization, proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and α-actin showed positive results. It further proved that proliferation existed among smooth muscle cells, and veins showed the tendency of restenosis again. The elasticity of veins after transplantation into the arterial system was improved compared with that before transplantation. Conclusions Accompanied by the increasing pressure, the vein could reach its elasticity extremity faster than the artery. Under such a long-term high pressure, vein intima was vulnerable. After vena arterialization, with the gradual thickening of vein intima, the tendency of vessel restenosis was obvious, and the elasticity of veins has been improved after transplantation.

20.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e386, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003856

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los accidentes cerebrovasculares constituyen un problema de salud mundial con tendencia creciente; en la actualidad es la tercera causa de muerte. Objetivo: Describir la efectividad y durabilidad de la endarterectomía carotidea a largo plazo en la enfermedad carotidea extracraneal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, ambispectivo en 44 pacientes sometidos a un total de 52 endarterectomías carotideas realizadas en el servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular del Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras. A todos se les realizó un seguimiento clínico con ultrasonografía doppler. El período de tiempo analizado fue de ocho años. Se tuvo en cuenta las variables: sexo, edad, factores de riesgo asociados, categoría clínica, localización topográfica de las lesiones, complicaciones tardías, tiempo de permeabilidad y resultados posquirúrgicos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (68,2 por ciento). Las lesiones carotideas asintomáticas y sintomáticas representaron el 50 por ciento respectivamente. El hábito de fumar y la dislipidemia fueron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes. Hubo predominio de las complicaciones tardías (55,8 por ciento) con relevancia de la restenosis carotidea (n= 21). El tiempo promedio de permeabilidad primaria del sector revascularizado fue de cinco años. El 86,5 por ciento de los pacientes seguidos a largo plazo mostraron resultados posquirúrgicos satisfactorios al no presentar eventos neurológicos isquémicos o lesiones carotideas con repercusión hemodinámica. Conclusiones: La endarterectomía carotidea es un procedimiento seguro con baja morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias que garantiza una reducción significativa en las tasas de enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica en el seguimiento a largo plazo con baja incidencia de complicaciones vasculares y neurológicas tardías(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular events constitute a global health problem with a growing tendency. Nowadays, they represent the third cause of death. Objective: To describe the effectiveness and durability of long-term carotid endarterectomy in the extracranial carotid disease. Methods: A descriptive, ambispective study was conducted in 44 patients subjected to 52 carotid endarterectomies that were performed in the service of Angiology and Vascular Surgery of Hermanos Ameijeiras Teaching-Clinical- Surgical Hospital. A clinical follow-up was performed with Doppler ultrasonography to all the patients. The period analyzed was eight years. The variables considered were: sex, age, associated risk factors, clinical category, topographical localization of the lesions, late complications, time of permeability and postsurgical results. Results: Male sex predominated (68,2 percent). Asymptomatic and symptomatic carotid lesions represented 50 percent respectively. The smoking habit and dyslipidemia were the most common risk factors. There was predominance of late complications (55,8 percent) being notable the carotid restenosis (n = 21). The average time of primary permeability of the revascularized sector was five years. 86,5 percent of the patients followed in the long term showed satisfactory postsurgical results by not presenting ischemic neurological events or carotid lesions with hemodynamic impact. Conclusions: Carotid endarterectomy is a safe procedure with low morbidity and peri-operative mortality that ensures a significant reduction in ischemic cerebrovascular disease´s rates in long-term follow-up with low incidence of late vascular and neurological complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Cerebrovascular Trauma/surgery , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL