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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 280-290, 20240220. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532624

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tacrolimus es un medicamento inmunosupresor ampliamente usado en trasplante hepático, que presenta una gran variabilidad interindividual la cual se considera asociada a la frecuencia de polimorfismos de CYP3A5 y MDR-1. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la frecuencia de los polimorfismos rs776746, rs2032582 y rs1045642 y su asociación con rechazo clínico y toxicidad farmacológica. Métodos. Se incluyeron pacientes inmunosuprimidos con tacrolimus a quienes se les realizó trasplante hepático en el Hospital San Vicente Fundación Rionegro entre 2020 y 2022, con supervivencia mayor a un mes. Se evaluaron las variables clínicas, rechazo agudo y toxicidad farmacológica. Se secuenciaron los genes de estudio mediante PCR, comparando la expresión o no en cada uno de los pacientes. Resultados. Se identificaron 17 pacientes. El 43 % de los pacientes se clasificaron como CYP3A5*1/*1 y CYP3A5*1/*3, entre los cuales se encontró asociación con aumento en la tasa de rechazo agudo clínico, al comparar con los pacientes no expresivos (100 % vs. 44 %, p=0,05); no hubo diferencias en cuanto a la toxicidad farmacológica u otros desenlaces. Se encontró el polimorfismo rs2032582 en un 50 % y el rs1045642 en un 23,5 % de los pacientes, sin embargo, no se identificó asociación con rechazo u otros eventos clínicos. Conclusiones. Se encontró una asociación entre el genotipo CYP3A5*1/*1 y CYP3A5*1/*3 y la tasa de rechazo clínico. Sin embargo, se requiere una muestra más amplia para validar estos datos y plantear modelos de medicina personalizada.


Introduction. Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressive drug widely used in liver transplantation, which presents great interindividual variability which is considered associated with the frequency of CYP3A5 and MDR-1 polymorphisms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the rs776746, rs2032582 and rs1045642 polymorphisms and their association with clinical rejection and drug toxicity. Methods. Immunosuppressed patients with tacrolimus who underwent a liver transplant at the Hospital San Vicente Fundación Rionegro between 2020 and 2022 were included, with survival of more than one month. Clinical variables, acute rejection and pharmacological toxicity were evaluated. The study genes were sequenced by PCR, comparing their expression or not in each of the patients. Results. Seventeen patients were identified. 43% of the patients were classified as CYP3A5*1/*1 and CYP3A5*1/*3, among which an association was found with increased rates of clinical acute rejection when compared with non-expressive patients (100% vs. 44%, p=0.05). There were no differences in drug toxicity or other outcomes. The rs2032582 polymorphism was found in 50% and rs1045642 in 23.5% of patients; however, no association with rejection or other clinical events was identified. Conclusions. An association was found between the CYP3A5*1/*1 and CYP3A5*1/*3 genotype and the clinical rejection rate. However, a larger sample is required to validate these data and propose models of personalized medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmacogenetics , Liver Transplantation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Organ Transplantation , Tacrolimus , Graft Rejection
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 48-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for identifying Scolopendra dispensing granules, so as to ensure the quality and therapeutic effects of Scolopendra and its preparations. MethodThe primer interval suitable for the PCR was selected based on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3(COX-3) gene sequence of Scolopendra, and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci of Scolopendra and its adulterants were mined from the interval for the design of specific primers. The samples of Scolopendra and its adulterants were collected. The PCR system was established and optimized regarding the annealing temperature, cycles, Taq enzymes, DNA template amount, PCR instruments, and primer concentrations, and the specificity and applicability of this method were evaluated. ResultThe PCR system was composed of 12.5 μL 2×M5 PCR Mix, 0.4 μL forward primer (10 μmol·L-1), 0.4 μL reverse primer (10 μmol·L-1), 2.5 μL DNA template, and 9.2 μL sterile double distilled water. PCR parameters: Pre-denaturation at 94 ℃ for 3 min, 30 cycles (94 ℃ for 20 s, 62 ℃ for 20 s, 72 ℃ for 45 s), and extension at 72 ℃ for 5 min. After PCR amplification with the system and parameters above, the electrophoresis revealed a bright band at about 135 bp for Scolopendra and no band for the adulterants. ConclusionThe established allele-specific PCR method can accurately identify the medicinal materials, decoction pieces, and standard decoction freeze-dried powder of Scolopendra, as well as the intermediates and final products of Scolopendra dispensing granules, which is of great significance for ensuring the quality and clinical efficacy of Scolopendra and its preparations.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 145-150, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005245

ABSTRACT

Solid organ transplantation has significantly prolonged the survival of patients with end-stage diseases. However, long-term use of immunosuppressants will increase the risk of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in the recipients, thereby elevating the risk of infection, cardiovascular disease and death. In recent years, with persistent improvement of diagnostic criteria of PTDM, clinicians have deepened the understanding of this disease. Compared with type 2 diabetes mellitus, PTDM significantly differs in pathophysiological characteristics and clinical progression. Hence, different treatment strategies should be adopted. Early identification of risk factors of organ transplant recipients, early diagnosis and intervention are of significance for improving the quality of life of recipients, prolonging the survival of grafts and reducing the fatality of recipients. Therefore, the diagnosis, incidence and risk factors of PTDM were reviewed in this article, aiming to provide reference for clinicians to deliver prompt diagnosis and intervention for PTDM.

5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e230188, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533670

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Recent studies have shown a relationship between adipose tissue and coronary artery disease (CAD). The ABCA1 transporter regulates cellular cholesterol content and reverses cholesterol transport. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) R230C, C-17G, and C-69T and their expression in epicardial and mediastinal adipose tissue in Mexican patients with CAD. Subjects and methods: The study included 71 patients with CAD and a control group consisting of 64 patients who underwent heart valve replacement. SNPs were determined using TaqMan probes. mRNA was extracted using TriPure Isolation from epicardial and mediastinal adipose tissue. Quantification and expression analyses were done using RT-qPCR. Results: R230C showed a higher frequency of the GG genotype in the CAD group (70.4%) than the control group (57.8%) [OR 0.34, 95% CI (0.14-0.82) p = 0.014]. Similarly, C-17G (rs2740483) showed a statistically significant difference in the CC genotype in the CAD group (63.3%) in comparison to the controls (28.1%) [OR 4.42, 95% CI (2.13-9.16), p = 0.001]. mRNA expression in SNP R230C showed statistically significant overexpression in the AA genotype compared to the GG genotype in CAD patients [11.01 (4.31-15.24) vs. 3.86 (2.47-12.50), p = 0.015]. Conclusion: The results suggest that the GG genotype of R230C and CC genotype of C-17G are strongly associated with the development of CAD in Mexican patients. In addition, under-expression of mRNA in the GG genotype in R230C is associated with patients undergoing revascularization.

6.
BAG, J. basic appl. genet. (Online) ; 34(1): 47-56, July 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447499

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT One of the greatest challenges facing humanity is the development of sustainable strategies to ensure food availability in response to population growth and climate change. One approach that can contribute to increase food security is to close yield gaps and enhancing genetic gain; to such end, what is known as "molecular breeding" plays a fundamental role. Since a crop breeding program is mainly based on the quality of the germplasm, its detailed genetic characterization is mandatory to ensure the efficient use of genetic resources and accelerating development of superior varieties. Deep genotyping is an essential tool for a comprehensive characterization of the germplasm of interest and, fortunately, the technology is now accessible at a reasonable cost. What must be ensured is the correct interpretation of the genotypic information and on that basis develop efficient practical molecular crop breeding strategies that respond to the real needs of the breeding program.


RESUMEN Uno de los mayores desafíos que enfrenta la humanidad es el desarrollo de estrategias sostenibles para asegurar la disponibilidad de alimentos en respuesta al crecimiento de la población y el cambio climático. Un enfoque que puede contribuir a aumentar la seguridad alimentaria es cerrar las brechas de rendimiento y mejorar la ganancia genética; para tal fin, lo que se conoce como "mejoramiento molecular" juega un papel fundamental. Dado que un programa de mejoramiento de cultivos se basa principalmente en la calidad del germoplasma, su caracterización genética detallada es fundamental para garantizar el uso eficiente de los recursos genéticos y acelerar el desarrollo de variedades superiores. La genotipificación profunda es una herramienta esencial para una caracterización integral del germoplasma de interés y, afortunadamente, en la actualidad se puede acceder a la tecnología a un costo razonable. Lo que debe asegurarse es la interpretación correcta de la información genotípica y sobre esa base desarrollar estrategias eficientes y prácticas de mejoramiento molecular de cultivos que respondan a las necesidades reales del programa de mejoramiento.

7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(2): 154-168, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512069

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obesidad es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por el aumento del índice de la masa corporal. El riesgo de obesidad depende de factores ambientales, del estilo de vida y de la presencia de variantes genéticas originadas por mutaciones únicas y polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido (SNPs). Estudios han mostrado la importancia de la etnia en la heredabilidad de las variantes genéticas asociadas al desarrollo de la obesidad. En México, la prevalencia de sobrepeso y la obesidad es del 38.8 % y 32.4 %, respectivamente. Objetivo. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar SNPs que influyen de manera distintiva en el desarrollo de la obesidad de mexicanos. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio bibliográfico en la base de datos Pubmed con 70 artículos que estudian la asociación de diferentes SNPs con el desarrollo de la obesidad en mexicanos. Resultados. Se identifican los SNPs rs17782313 (MC4R), rs6548238 (TMEM18), rs6265 (BDNF) y rs7488665 (SH2B1) con un comportamiento diferencial respecto a los resultados obtenidos en población caucásica y el SNPs rs6232 del gen PCSK1 asociado con la aparición de la obesidad en edades juveniles en la población mexicana. Conclusiones. Concluyendo que la caracterización detallada de los genes de mayor incidencia en las distintas etnias contribuye a establecer estrategias personalizadas en particular de la población mexicana y que permitan desarrollar un sistema de alta sensibilidad para determinar la susceptibilidad a la obesidad(AU)


Introduction. Obesity is a metabolic disease characterized by an increase in the body mass index. The risk of obesity depends on environmental factors, lifestyle and the presence of genetic variants caused by single mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Studies have shown the importance of ethnicity in the heritability of genetic variants associated with the development of obesity. In Mexico, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is 38.8% and 32.4%, respectively. Objective. The objective of this study is to determine SNPs that have a distinctive influence on the development of obesity in Mexicans. Materials and Methods. A bibliographical study was carried out in the Pubmed database and 70 papers were found that study the association of different SNPs with the development of obesity in Mexicans. Results. The SNPs rs17782313 (MC4R), rs6548238 (TMEM18), rs6265 (BDNF) and rs7488665 (SH2B1) with a differential behavior with respect to the results obtained in the Caucasian population, and the SNPs rs6232 of the PCSK1 gene associated with the appearance of obesity in youth in the Mexican population. Conclusions. Concluding that the detailed characterization of the genes with the highest incidence in the different ethnic groups contributes to establish personalized strategies in particular of the Mexican population and that allow the development of a highly sensitive system to determine susceptibility to obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female
8.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 82: e39195, maio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, VETINDEX, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1435630

ABSTRACT

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, rs12979860 e rs8099917) in the Interferon Lambda 4 gene (IFNL4, formerly IFNL3and/or IL28B) has been associated with failure in the innate immune response, sustained virological response in hepatitis C, and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM) development. To search for these polymorphisms several methodologies can be employed, such as sequencing, real-time or quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in PCR products (PCR-RFLP), and tetra-primer PCR. The present study compared the performance of the tetra-primer PCR in relation to the PCR-RFLP, both optimized in the Research HTLV Laboratory of the Center of Immunology of Instituto Adolfo Lutz in São Paulo. One hundred DNA samples obtained from patients of STD/Aids Reference Centre in São Paulo, previously analyzed for IL28B SNPs by PCR-RFLP were selected for analysis, after confirming that they represent all IL28B SNPs patterns described in the literature. The results obtained showed concordance between the PCR-RFLP and the tetra-primer PCR SNPs results, and because of the low cost, easy to perform, and minor employment of biological specimen and reagents, the tetra-primer PCR is of choice to be used in routine. (AU)


Polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos (single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs rs12979860 e rs8099917) no gene que codifica o Interferon Lambda 4 (IFNL4, antigamente IFNL3 e/ou IL28B) têm sido associados às falhas na resposta imune inata e resposta virológica sustentada na hepatite C, e a mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (HTLV-1-associated myelopathy, HAM). A pesquisa destes polimorfismos pode empregar diversas metodologias: sequenciamento, reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real ou quantitativa (quantitative polymerase chain reaction, qPCR), análise de fragmentos de restrição enzimática em produtos de PCR (restriction fragment length polymorphism in PCR products, PCR-RFLP) e a tetra-primer PCR. Este estudo comparou o desempenho da tetra-primer PCR em relação a PCR-RFLP, ambas otimizadas no Laboratório de Pesquisa em HTLV do Centro de Imunologia do Instituto Adolfo Lutz de São Paulo. Foram selecionadas 100 amostras de DNA obtidas de pacientes do Centro de Referência e Treinamento em DST/Aids de São Paulo cujos SNPs na IL28B foram anteriormente determinados por PCR-RFLP e representaram todos os perfis descritos em literatura. Os resultados obtidos mostraram concordância entre elas, e pelo fato da tetra-primer PCR ter menor custo, ser de fácil execução, empregar menos tempo, insumos e material biológico, é a técnica de escolha para uso em rotina. (AU)


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Interleukins , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Interferon Lambda
9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223119

ABSTRACT

Background: Psoriasis is associated with significant morbidity and impaired quality of life. Identification of the host genes that influence disease susceptibility and can potentially guide future, targeted therapy is the need of the hour. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the associations of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene polymorphisms, that is, a 5–8-CATT tetra nucleotide repeats at -794 (-794*CATT5–8) and a single-nucleotide polymorphism at -173 (-173*G/C) with the risk of chronic plaque psoriasis and to observe the correlation, if any, of disease determinants with genetic functional variants and circulating MIF levels. Methods: Five hundred and seventeen individuals (265 psoriasis patients and 252 controls) were genotyped for MIF gene polymorphisms. Data were analyzed with respect to disease susceptibility, serum MIF levels, disease severity, age at onset, disease duration and presence of comorbidities. Results: The presence of co-morbidities was more frequently noted in patients with late onset disease (P = 0.01). No statistically significant differences were observed either in genotype (P = 0.680) or allele frequency (P = 0.69) with respect to distribution of MIF-173*G/C polymorphism between patients and controls. The frequencies of genotypes -794*CATT 5/7 and 7/7 were significantly lower in patients (P = 0.027* and 0.038*, respectively). CATT*5/MIF-173*C haplotype occurred at a higher frequency in patients (odds ratio 3.03, 95% confidence intervals 1.09–8.47, P = 0.02). The mean serum MIF levels were significantly higher in patients as compared to controls (P < 0.001). The presence of either extended MIF -794*CATT repeats or C allele did not reveal any significant association with serum MIF levels or age at onset. Analysis of effect of various disease determinants revealed no significant association with genetic variants and serum MIF levels. Limitations: The lesional expression of MIF could not be studied. Conclusion: Our results showed that CATT*5/MIF-173*C haplotype is associated with increased susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris.

10.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 7(1): 96-102, 20230300. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509636

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS) is a systemic hyperinflammatory disease that occurs in a small number of children after being infected with SARS-CoV-2. Macrophage activation syndrome, an aggressive condition characterized by the excessive inflammation and activation of well-differentiated macrophages, has been shown to occur in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2. Considering the clinical and pathophysiological similarities between these diseases, our main objective was to determine whether gene polymorphisms associated with macrophage activation syndrome were also present in patients with PIMS-TS. Methods: DNA from 10 pediatric patients with PIMS-TS (case group) and ten COVID-19 patients without PIMS-TS (control group) were genotyped by Real-time PCR analysis (TaqMan®) for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in four genes associated with macrophage activation syndrome: perforin 1 (PRF1), granzyme B (GZMB), syntaxin 11 (STX11), and syntaxin binding protein 2 (STXBP2). The SNP analysis was performed using the additive, dominant, and recessive models. Results: A significantly higher frequency of an SNP (C wild allele in rs6573910) in the GZMB gene was observed in both the additive and dominant models in the PIMS-TS group than controls. A borderline significant difference was also observed for the G allele in rs7764017 of the STX11 gene in the PIMS-TS group in the additive model. Conclusions: This study indicated the presence of two polymorphisms in genes associated with macrophage activation syndrome (GZMB and STX11) in patients who developed PIMS-TS. If the presence of these SNPs is validated in a larger number of PIMS-TS cases, they can be used as potential biomarkers for early identification of pediatric patients with a higher probability of developing PIMS-TS associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Introdução: A síndrome multissistêmica inflamatória pediátrica temporariamente associada ao SARS-CoV-2 (SIMP-TS) é uma doença hiperinflamatória sistêmica que ocorre em um pequeno número de crianças após serem infectadas pelo SARS-CoV-2. A síndrome de ativação de macrófagos (SAM), uma condição agressiva caracterizada pela inflamação excessiva e ativação de macrófagos bem diferenciados, demonstrou ocorrer em pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2. Considerando as semelhanças clínicas e fisiopatológicas entre essas doenças, neste estudo o nosso principal objetivo foi determinar se polimorfismos gênicos associados à SAM também estavam presentes em pacientes com SIMP-TS. Métodos: DNA de dez pacientes pediátricos com SIMP (grupo caso) e dez pacientes COVID-19 sem SIMP (grupo controle) foram genotipados por análise de PCR em tempo real (tecnologia TaqMan®) para polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) em quatro genes selecionados associados com SAM: perforina 1 (PRF1), granzima B (GZMB), sintaxina 11 (STX11) e proteína de ligação de sintaxina 2 (STXBP2). A análise dos SNPs foi realizada utilizando o modelo aditivo, dominante e recessivo. Resultados: Uma frequência significativamente maior de um SNP (alelo selvagem C em rs6573910) no gene GZMB foi observada pelos modelos aditivo e dominante no grupo SIMP quando comparado aos controles. Além disso, uma significância limítrofe foi observada para o alelo G em rs7764017 do gene STX11 no grupo SIMP pelo modelo aditivo. Conclusões: Nosso estudo indicou a presença de dois polimorfismos em genes associados à SAM (GZMB e STX11) em pacientes que desenvolveram SIMP-TS. Uma vez validada a presença desses SNPs em um número maior de casos de SIMP-TS, eles podem ser usados como potenciais biomarcadores para a identificação precoce de pacientes pediátricos com maior probabilidade de desenvolver SIMP-TS associado à infecção por SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(1): 98-105, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Recent studies show an increase in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in populations with higher consumption of red meat, processed and cooked at high temperatures. On the other hand, the single nucleotide polymorphism rs738409 in the Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) gene has been implicated in susceptibility to NAFLD and liver fibrosis. However, the synergistic effect between red meat consumption and the PNPLA3 gene polymorphism in NAFLD has not yet been evaluated. Objective: To evaluate the association between the presence of the polymorphism in the PNPLA3 gene and the consumption of macronutrients, including meat consumption and its cooking method among NAFLD patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 91 patients diagnosed with NAFLD by liver biopsy with genotyping for the polymorphism in the PNPLA3 gene were included. The consumption of calories and macronutrients was verified using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the specific questionnaire on meat consumption. PNPLA3 gene polymorphism was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and anthropometric evaluation was realized. Results: The mean BMI was 32.38±4.58 kg/m² and the waist circumference was 107±10 cm. On liver biopsy, 42% of patients had significant fibrosis (F≥2). The odds ratio of F≥2 was 2.12 for the GG group and 1.54 for the CG group, compared to the CC group. The mean caloric intake was 1170±463.20 kcal/d. The odds ratio in the CC group concerning high red meat consumption in comparison to low consumption was 1.33. For white meat, the odds ratio was 0.8 when comparing high and low intake, also in the CC group. Conclusion: High red meat intake and PNPLA3 gene polymorphism seem to synergistically affect NAFLD and liver fibrosis, requiring confirmation in a larger number of patients and in different populations.


RESUMO Contexto: Estudos recentes mostram um aumento da doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA) em populações com maior consumo de carne vermelha, processada e cozida em altas temperaturas. Por outro lado, o polimorfismo rs738409 no gene Patatin-like fosfolipase contendo 3 (PNPLA3) tem sido implicado na suscetibilidade à DHGNA e fibrose hepática. No entanto, o efeito sinérgico entre o consumo de carne vermelha e o polimorfismo no gene PNPLA3 na DHGNA ainda não foi avaliado. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre a presença do polimorfismo no gene PNPLA3 e o consumo de macronutrientes, incluindo o consumo de carne e seu modo de cozimento em pacientes com DHGNA. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo transversal com 91 pacientes diagnosticados com DHGNA por biópsia hepática e genotipados para o polimorfismo no gene PNPLA3. O consumo de calorias e macronutrientes foi verificado por meio do questionário de frequência alimentar semi-quantitativo (QFA) e do questionário específico sobre consumo de carnes. O polimorfismo no gene PNPLA3 foi analisado por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (RT-PCR) e a avaliação antropométrica foi realizada. Resultados: O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 32,38±4,58 kg/m² e a circunferência da cintura foi de 107±10 cm. Na biópsia hepática, 42% dos pacientes apresentavam fibrose significativa (F≥2). O odds ratio de F≥2 foi de 2,12 para o grupo GG e 1,54 para o grupo GC, comparado ao grupo CC. A ingestão calórica média foi de 1.170±463,20 kcal/d. O odds ratio para alto consumo de carne vermelha no grupo CC em comparação ao baixo consumo foi de 1,33. Para a carne branca, este valor foi de 0,8 ao comparar o alto e o baixo consumo, também no grupo CC. Conclusão: A alta ingestão de carne vermelha e o polimorfismo no gene PNPLA3 parecem afetar sinergicamente a DHGNA e a fibrose hepática, necessitando de confirmação em maior número de pacientes e em diferentes populações.

12.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e195697, 2023. graf, tab
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1415368

ABSTRACT

To conduct ex-situ creole pig conservation programs, it is essential to determine which breeding animals will be used, preferentially those with a more significant Iberian genetic component to preserve their origin. This study used a Yucatan black hairless pigs (YBHP) subpopulation to estimate its genetic diversity and population structure. One hundred four adult pigs were selected for the absence of hair, black skin (without spots), black hoof, and straight snout. The porcine-GGP-50K chip was used for SNP genotyping in YBHP, and information on Iberian and Yucatán hairless pigs from the United States (USYU) was taken from databases. All analysis was performed using PLINK v1.9 and v2.1 software. Inbreeding and fixation index values were lower in YBHP, with high observed heterozygosity and allogamy index values, which agree with those obtained in the populations of Canarias and Chato Murciano. According to the clusters generated by the "Genome-Wide Identity by State" analysis, four groups were identified, one of which included pigs from Guadyerbas, USYU, and YBHP. Between populations, YBHP was closely related to the hairless pigs from Guadyerbas, USYU, and Canarias. Principal component analysis showed the same result. According to the results obtained from the runs of homozygosity investigation, aimed to get pools consensus of regions of overlapping, 119 SNPs associated with genes and biological processes were identified. The BMP7 and NSUN2 genes were associated with epithelial cell differentiation, morphogenesis, and epithelial development. For nutrient metabolism: energy, the HADHA, PPARA, ADD1/SREBF1, and FAT 1genes were identified.(AU)


Para realizar programas de conservação ex-situ de suínos crioulos, é importante determinar quais animais serão criados, preferencialmente aqueles com maior componente de genética ibérica, para preservar sua origem. Uma subpopulação de porco preto calvo de Yucatán (YBHP) foi usada para estimar sua diversidade genética e estrutura populacional. Um total de 104 suínos adultos foram selecionados levando-se em consideração características como ausência de pelos, pele preta (sem manchas), casco preto e focinho reto. O painel GGP-50K foi utilizado para a genotipagem dos SNPs em animais YBHP, e informações de porcos sem pelos ibéricos e de Yucatán dos Estados Unidos (USYU) foram retiradas de bancos de dados. Todas as análises foram realizadas com o software PLINK v1.9 e v2.1. Os valores dos índices de endogamia e fixação foram menores em YBHP, com altos valores de índice de heterozigosidade e alogamia observados, que concordam com os obtidos nas populações de Canárias e Chato Murciano. De acordo com os clusters gerados pela análise "Genoma-Wide Identity By State", quatro grupos foram identificados, um dos quais incluiu porcos de Guadyerbas, USYU e YBHP. Entre as populações, YBHP estava intimamente relacionado com os porcos sem pelo de Guadyerbas, USYU e Canárias. A análise de componentes principais mostrou o mesmo resultado. De acordo com os resultados obtidos nas corridas de investigação de homozigose, visando obter consenso de pools de regiões de sobreposição, foram identificados 119 SNPs associados a genes e processos biológicos. Os genes BMP7 e NSUN2 foram associados à diferenciação de células epiteliais, morfogênese e desenvolvimento epitelial. Para metabolismo de nutrientes: energia, os genes HADHA, PPARA, ADD1/SREBF1 e FAT1 foram identificados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine/genetics , Genetic Variation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Mexico
13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1044-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003494

ABSTRACT

To establish a disease risk prediction model based on genetic susceptibility genes and environmental risk factors, which can target high-risk population as early as possible, and intervene in the environmental risk factors in this population. Moreover, accurate screening of genetically susceptible populations can enhance the efficiency of health system. In recent years, with the maturation and cost reduction of high-throughput gene testing, gene testing has been widely used in individual clinical decision-making and will play a more important role in medical and health decision-making. The correlation between genetic testing and disease risk prediction is increasing, making it a prominent research topic in this field. This review summarizes the approaches for establishing and evaluating risk prediction models and discusses potential future challenges and opportunities.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2031-2034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998485

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the relationship between rs128912 single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)in the promoter region of Toll-like receptor 3(TLR3)gene and cataract in Chinese Han population.METHODS: A total of 263 patients with cataract admitted to our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as study group, and 150 patients with lens dislocation were included in control group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues of lens in the two groups, and direct sequencing method was applied to analyze the polymorphism of rs128912 locus in the promoter region of TLR3 gene. The expression of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA of patients with different genotypes was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR).RESULTS: The expression level of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues in the study group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region in the study group and the control group were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium, and there were differences in the frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)and frequencies of alleles(A, T)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region between both groups(P&#x003C;0.05). The relative expression level of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA in patients with TT genotype in the study group was higher than that in patients with AA or AT genotypes(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of TLR3 protein in anterior capsular tissues of lens of patients with cataract is significantly up-regulated, and rs128912 locus polymorphism in the TLR3 gene promoter region is related to the susceptibility of cataract in Chinese Han population, and people with TT genotype are more prone to cataract.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 208-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015236

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between 8 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) gene family and human digit ratio (2D ∶ 4D). Methods Randomly selected 808 college students (400 males and 408 females) as subjects, the digit ratio of left and right fingers were measured and calculated using computer image software. Eight SNPs (rs1000283, rs2236903, rs5479, rs56303414, rs676387, rs4445895, rs2066474, rs8190478) in HSD11B and HSD17B gene families were genotyped by multiplex PCR. The association between 2D ∶4D and different genotypes was analyzed by One-Way ANOVA. Results Female left hand(L)2D ∶ 3D, L2D ∶4D, L3D ∶4D, right hand(R)2D ∶4D, R2D ∶5D were significantly higher than male (P0. 05). The genotypes frequency of the 8 SNPs were not significantly associated with digit ratio (2D ∶4D) in both males and females (P>0. 05). Conclusion There are significant gender differences in digit ratio in Ningxia Han college students, but there is no correlation between digit ratio and 8 SNPs in HSD11B and HSD17B gene families, suggesting that HSD11B and HSD17B gene families may have nothing to do with the formation of human digit ratio.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 444-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PLCE1 gene and children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods:This study was a retrospective study, a case-control study was used to select 155 cases of PNS in Guangxi Zhuang children attending the Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities from January 2017 to January 2021 (PNS group), and 100 healthy Guangxi Zhuang children who were physically examined during the same period (healthy control group). Genotyping of PLCE1 SNP rs3765524, and rs2274223 were performed using the second-generation gene sequencing technology, and their correlation with the development of PNS was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used for correlation analysis, and Chi- square test or Fisher′ s exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:(1)Compared with the healthy control group, PLCE1 rs3765524 was correlated with the risk of PNS in children of PNS group, and the TT genotype may reduce the risk of PNS in the co-dominant model ( OR=0.435, 95% CI: 0.238-0.794, P=0.007). There were no significant differences in the genotype of PLCE1 rs2274223 and the frequency of allele distribution between PNS group and healthy control group (all P>0.05). (2) A strong linkage disequilibrium existed at PLCE1 SNP rs3765524 and rs2274223.(3) There were no significant differences in the frequency of the distribution of haplotypes AC, AT and GT between PNS group and healthy control group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:PLCE1 SNP rs3765524 is correlated with the risk of PNS in children in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and the TT genotype may be a protective factor for PNS in children in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 465-470, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the feasibility of genetic marker detection of semen-specific coding region single nucleotide polymorphism (cSNP) based on SNaPshot technology in semen stains and mixed body fluid identification.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA (gDNA) and total RNA were extracted from 16 semen stains and 11 mixtures composed of semen and venous blood, and the total RNA was reverse transcribed into complementary DNA (cDNA). The cSNP genetic markers were screened on the validated semen-specific mRNA coding genes. The cSNP multiplex detection system based on SNaPshot technology was established, and samples were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis (CE).@*RESULTS@#A multiplex detection system containing 5 semen-specific cSNPs was successfully established. In 16 semen samples, except the cSNP located in the TGM4 gene showed allele loss in cDNA detection results, the gDNA and cDNA typing results of other cSNPs were highly consistent. When detecting semen-venous blood mixtures, the results of cSNP typing detected were consistent with the genotype of semen donor and were not interfered by the genotype of venous blood donor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method of semen-specific cSNPs detection by SNaPshot technology method can be applied to the genotyping of semen (stains) and provide information for determining the origin of semen in mixed body fluids (stains).


Subject(s)
Genetic Markers , Semen , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Body Fluids , RNA, Messenger/genetics , DNA , Saliva , Forensic Genetics/methods
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 78-88, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971470

ABSTRACT

Melatonin receptor 1B (MT2, encoded by the MTNR1B gene), a high-affinity receptor for melatonin, is associated with glucose homeostasis including glucose uptake and transport. The rs10830963 variant in the MTNR1B gene is linked to glucose metabolism disorders including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the relationship between MT2-mediated melatonin signaling and a high birth weight of GDM infants from maternal glucose abnormality remains poorly understood. This article aims to investigate the relationship between rs10830963 variants and GDM development, as well as the effects of MT2 receptor on glucose uptake and transport in trophoblasts. TaqMan-MGB (minor groove binder) probe quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays were used for rs10930963 genotyping. MT2 expression in the placenta of GDM and normal pregnant women was detected by immunofluorescence, western blot, and qPCR. The relationship between MT2 and glucose transporters (GLUTs) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was established by western blot, and glucose consumption of trophoblasts was measured by a glucose assay kit. The results showed that the genotype and allele frequencies of rs10830963 were significantly different between GDM and normal pregnant women (P<0.05). The fasting, 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels of G-allele carriers were significantly higher than those of C-allele carriers (P<0.05). Besides, the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of MT2 in the placenta of GDM was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women (P<0.05). Melatonin could stimulate glucose uptake and GLUT4 and PPARγ protein expression in trophoblasts, which could be attenuated by MT2 receptor knockdown. In conclusion, the rs10830963 variant was associated with an increased risk of GDM. The MT2 receptor is essential for melatonin to raise glucose uptake and transport, which may be mediated by PPARγ.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Melatonin/metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , PPAR gamma , Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/genetics
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 262-270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the application value of the likelihood ratio (LR) method and identity by state (IBS) method in the identification involving half sibling relationships, and to provide a reference for the setting of relevant standards for identification of half sibling relationship.@*METHODS@#(1) Based on the same genetic marker combinations, the reliability of computer simulation method was verified by comparing the distributions of cumulated identity by state score (CIBS) and combined full sibling index in actual cases with the distributions in simulated cases. (2) In different numbers of three genetic marker combinations, the simulation of full sibling, half sibling and unrelated individual pairs, each 1 million pairs, was obtained; the CIBS, as well as the corresponding types of cumulative LR parameters, were calculated. (3) The application value of LR method was compared with that of IBS method, by comparing the best system efficiency provided by LR method and IBS method when genetic markers in different amounts and of different types and accuracy were applied to distinguish the above three relational individual pairs. (4) According to the existing simulation data, the minimum number of genetic markers required to distinguish half siblings from the other two relationships using different types of genetic markers was estimated by curve fitting.@*RESULTS@#(1) After the rank sum test, under the premise that the real relationship and the genetic marker combination tested were the same, there was no significant difference between the simulation method and the results obtained in the actual case. (2) In most cases, under the same conditions, the system effectiveness obtained by LR method was greater than that by IBS method. (3) According to the existing data, the number of genetic markers required for full-half siblings and half sibling identification could be obtained by curve fitting when the system effectiveness reached 0.95 or 0.99.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When distinguishing half sibling from full sibling pairs or unrelated pairs, it is recommended to give preference to the LR method, and estimate the required number of markers according to the identification types and the population data, to ensure the identification effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Siblings , Genetic Markers , Computer Simulation , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Genotype
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3730-3735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981505

ABSTRACT

Artemisia stolonifera is a relative of A. argyi. The two species are difficult to be distinguished due to the similarity in leaf shape and have even less distinctive features after processing. This study aims to establish a method to quickly distinguish between them. At the same time, we examined the reasonability and applicability of the specific polymerase chain reaction(PCR) method. The C/T single nucleotide polymorphism was detected at the position 202 of the sequence, based on which specific primers were designed to identify these two species. The PCR with the specific primer JNC-F and the universal primer ITS3R produced a specific band at 218 bp for A. argyi and no band for A. stolonifera, which can be used to detect at least 3% of A. argyi samples mixed in A. stolonifera samples. The PCR with the specific primer KY-F and the universal primer ITS3R produced a specific band at 218 bp for A. stolonifera and no band for A. argyi, which can be used to detect at least 5% of A. stolonifera samples mixed with A. argyi. The limit of detection of the established method was 5 ng DNA. The established PCR method can accurately distinguish between A. stolonifera and A. argyi, which provides an experimental basis for the quality control of A. stolonifera and determines whether the herbs are adulterated.


Subject(s)
Artemisia/genetics , Trichomes , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Plant Leaves/genetics
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