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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254010, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345561

ABSTRACT

Abstract The impact of fish oil concentration on the oxidative stability of microcapsules through the spray drying process using chitosan and maltodextrin as wall material was studied. Emulsions were prepared with different Tuna fish oil (TFO) content (TFO-10%, TFO20%, TF030% TF0-40%) while wall material concentration was kept constant. Microencapsulated powder resulting from emulsion prepared with high fish oil load have high moisture content, wettability, total oil and low encapsulation efficiency, hygroscopicity and bulk tapped density. Oxidative stability was evaluated periodically by placing microcapsules at room temperature. Microcapsules prepared with TFO-10% presented high oxidative stability in terms of peroxide value (2.94±0.04) and anisidine value (1.54±0.02) after 30 days of storage. It was concluded that optimal amounts of fish oil for microencapsulation are 10% and 20% using chitosan and maltodextrin that extended its shelf life during study period.


Resumo Foi estudado o impacto da concentração de óleo de peixe na estabilidade oxidativa de microcápsulas por meio do processo de secagem por atomização, utilizando quitosana e maltodextrina como material de parede. As emulsões foram preparadas com diferentes teores de óleo de atum (TFO) (TFO-10%, TFO20%, TF030% TF0-40%), enquanto a concentração de material de parede foi mantida constante. O pó microencapsulado resultante da emulsão preparada com alta carga de óleo de peixe tem alto teor de umidade, molhabilidade e óleo total e baixa eficiência de encapsulação, higroscopicidade e densidade extraída a granel. A estabilidade oxidativa foi avaliada periodicamente colocando microcápsulas à temperatura ambiente. As microcápsulas preparadas com TFO-10% apresentaram alta estabilidade oxidativa em termos de valor de peróxido (2,94 ± 0,04) e valor de anisidina (1,54 ± 0,02) após 30 dias de armazenamento. Concluiu-se que as quantidades ideais de óleo de peixe para microencapsulação são de 10% e 20% usando quitosana e maltodextrina que prolongaram sua vida útil durante o período de estudo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fish Oils , Chitosan , Powders , Tuna , Oxidative Stress
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255235, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355897

ABSTRACT

Abstract In soybean breeding program, continuous selection pressure on traits response to yield created a genetic bottleneck for improvements of soybean through hybridization breeding technique. Therefore an initiative was taken to developed high yielding soybean variety applying mutation breeding techniques at Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Bangladesh. Locally available popular cultivar BARI Soybean-5 was used as a parent material and subjected to five different doses of Gamma ray using Co60. In respect to seed yield and yield attributing characters, twelve true breed mutants were selected from M4 generation. High values of heritability and genetic advance with high genotypic coefficient of variance (GCV) for plant height, branch number and pod number were considered as favorable attributes for soybean improvement that ensure expected yield. The mutant SBM-18 obtained from 250Gy provided stable yield performance at diversified environments. It provided maximum seed yield of 3056 kg ha-1 with highest number of pods plant-1 (56). The National Seed Board of Bangladesh (NSB) eventually approved SBM-18 and registered it as a new soybean variety named 'Binasoybean-5' for large-scale planting because of its superior stability in various agro-ecological zones and consistent yield performance.


Resumo No programa de melhoramento da soja, a pressão pela seleção contínua para a resposta das características de rendimento criou um gargalo genético para melhorias da soja por meio da técnica de melhoramento por hibridação. Portanto, foi desenvolvida uma variedade de soja de alto rendimento, aplicando técnicas de reprodução por mutação, na Divisão de Melhoramento de Plantas, no Instituto de Agricultura Nuclear de Bangladesh (BINA), em Bangladesh. A cultivar popular BARI Soybean-5, disponível localmente, foi usada como material original e submetida a cinco doses diferentes de raios gama usando Co60. Em relação ao rendimento de sementes e às características de atribuição de rendimento, 12 mutantes genuínos foram selecionados a partir da geração M4. Altos valores de herdabilidade e avanço genético com alto coeficiente de variância genotípico (GCV) para altura da planta, número de ramos e número de vagens foram considerados atributos favoráveis ​​ao melhoramento da soja, garantindo, assim, a produtividade esperada. O mutante SBM-18, obtido a partir de 250Gy, proporcionou desempenho de rendimento estável em ambientes diversificados e produtividade máxima de sementes de 3.056 kg ha-1 com o maior número de vagens planta-1 (56). O Conselho Nacional de Sementes de Bangladesh (NSB) finalmente aprovou o SBM-18 e o registrou como uma nova variedade de soja, chamada 'Binasoybean-5', para plantio em larga escala por causa de sua estabilidade superior em várias zonas agroecológicas e desempenho de rendimento consistente.


Subject(s)
Soybeans/growth & development , Soybeans/genetics , Phenotype , Bangladesh , Plant Breeding , Genotype , Mutation
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(supl.1): 43-47, mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375893

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las características de individuos con trastornos del espectro Autista (TEA) persistente (TEA-P) o con TEA remitente (TEA-R) en el tiempo son poco conocidas. Este estudio longitudinal se planteó con tres objetivos: 1) determinar la tasa de persistencia/recuperación en la adolescencia de niños con diagnós tico TEA; 2) comparar el funcionamiento ejecutivo (FE), manifestaciones socio-adaptativas y conductuales de adolescentes TEA-P y TEA-R; y 3) identificar el porcentaje de individuos de los grupos TEA-P y TEA-R con puntuaciones normalizadas en FE y manifestaciones socio-adaptativas y conductuales en la infancia (T1) y en la adolescencia (T2). La muestra en el Tiempo 1 estuvo integrada por 45 niños con TEA (edad 7 a 11 años) de los que 32 mantenían el diagnóstico del trastorno 5 años después. Los padres y profesores cumplimentaron cuestionarios de FE, teoría de la mente (ToM), manifestaciones socio-adaptativas y conductuales en T1 y en T2. El grupo con TEA-P presentó significativamente más problemas y peor evolución en FE, características socio-adaptativas y conductuales que el grupo TEA-R. Los hallazgos destacan la variabilidad de la trayectoria evolutiva del TEA y la necesidad de realizar un seguimiento psicoeducativo y médico frecuente en este trastorno del neurodesarrollo.


Abstract The characteristics of individuals with persis tent ASD (ASD-P) and remittent ASD (ASD-R) are little known. This longitudinal study had threeobjectives1) To determine the persistence and recovery in children with autism spectrum disorder diagnosis in adolescence: 2) To compare executive functioning (EF), socio-adaptive and behavioral manifestations of ASD-P and ASD-R adolescents; and 3) to identify the percentage of normalized individuals in ADS-P and ADS-R groups in EF, socio-adaptive and behavioral manifestation in childhood and adolescence. The sample at T1 was comprised of 45 children with ASD (aged 7-11), maintaining 32 ASD diagnosis five years later. Parents and teachers completed questionnaires on EF, theory of mind, socio-adaptive and behavior difficulties, at both time points. The ASD-P group presented significantly more problems than group ASD-Rand showed worst evolution in EF, socio-adaptive and behavioral domains. Our findings highlight the variability of developmental trajectories of children with ASD.

4.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e256502, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364493

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tagetes genus of Composite family consider one of the most favorite floriculture plants. Therefore, of particular interest examine the salt tolerance of this bedding and coloring agent plant. In this research, was report the role of glycinebetaine (GB) in attenuating the adverse impacts of salt stress in African marigold plant, along with their anti-oxidative capacities and biochemical attributes. The salt stressed African marigold (100 and 150 mM NaCl) was treated with GB at 200 mM, beside untreated control plants. According to the obtained results, the growth characters were negatively in salt stressed plants but a mitigate impact of GB were observed in this respect. Obviously, the morphological as well as some physiological characters were reduced with salinity treatments while GB treatment reverses these effects. Overall, the alleviate impact of GB on the negative impact of salt stress was enhanced through improving total phenolic and antioxidant enzyme activity. Further, it is concluded that GB concentration induces the activities of antioxidative enzymes which scavenged ROS increased under saline conditions.


Resumo O Tagetes, da família Composite, é um dos gêneros mais apreciados de plantas de floricultura. Portanto, é de particular interesse examinar a tolerância ao sal desta planta de substrato e corante. Nesta pesquisa, foi relatado o papel da glicinebetaína (GB) na atenuação dos impactos adversos do estresse salino na calêndula africana, juntamente com suas capacidades antioxidantes e atributos bioquímicos. A calêndula africana estressada com sal (NaCl 100 e 150 mM) foi tratada com GB a 200 mM, ao lado de plantas de controle não tratadas. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, os caracteres de crescimento foram negativos em plantas estressadas por sal, mas um impacto mitigado de GB foi observado neste aspecto. Obviamente, os caracteres morfológicos e fisiológicos foram reduzidos com os tratamentos de salinidade, enquanto o tratamento com GB reverteu esses efeitos. No geral, o impacto de alívio do GB no impacto negativo do estresse salino foi aprimorado através da melhoria da atividade das enzimas fenólicas e antioxidantes totais. Além disso, conclui-se que a concentração de GB induz as atividades de enzimas antioxidantes que sequestraram ROS aumentadas em condições salinas.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904800

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of treatment dentures on changes in denture space in edentulous patients and to evaluate its clinical effect.@* Methods@#Twenty patients with treatment dentures were investigated with a questionnaire and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) before and after treatment. The denture space, denture tissue surface, occlusal points, Gothic arch images, mucosal condition, lateral occlusal condition, bite force, retention and stability, patient mastication ability, denture satisfaction, and OHIP-14 score were collected for statistical analysis.@*Results @# After wearing treatment dentures, the denture space significantly improved, the tissue conditioners on the treatment denture gradually began to be distributed, and the occlusal points gradually became symmetrical. The gothic arch images showed that the joints, nerves, and muscles gradually stabilized. The mucosal condition changed to a healthy state. The lateral occlusal conditions were improved. There were also significant differences in the bite force, retention and stability, subjective and objective chewing ability, satisfaction with the denture and OHIP-14 score before and after treatment (P < 0.05). The objective chewing ability was positively correlated with the retention stability of the denture, the subjective chewing ability and the satisfaction of the denture, and it was negatively correlated with OHIP-14.@* Conclusion@#Treatment dentures could help to restore denture space to an ideal condition and improve the oral health of patients. This treatment could also improve the retention and stability of the denture and the chewing ability to improve patient satisfaction. This treatment has clinical application value and promotion potential.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 246-261, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929291

ABSTRACT

The first rate-limiting enzyme of the serine synthesis pathway (SSP), phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH), is hyperactive in multiple tumors, which leads to the activation of SSP and promotes tumorigenesis. However, only a few inhibitors of PHGDH have been discovered to date, especially the covalent inhibitors of PHGDH. Here, we identified withangulatin A (WA), a natural small molecule, as a novel covalent inhibitor of PHGDH. Affinity-based protein profiling identified that WA could directly bind to PHGDH and inactivate the enzyme activity of PHGDH. Biolayer interferometry and LC-MS/MS analysis further demonstrated the selective covalent binding of WA to the cysteine 295 residue (Cys295) of PHGDH. With the covalent modification of Cys295, WA blocked the substrate-binding domain (SBD) of PHGDH and exerted an allosteric effect to induce PHGDH inactivation. Further studies revealed that with the inhibition of PHGDH mediated by WA, the glutathione synthesis was decreased and intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were elevated, leading to the inhibition of tumor proliferation. This study indicates WA as a novel PHGDH covalent inhibitor, which identifies Cys295 as a novel allosteric regulatory site of PHGDH and holds great potential in developing anti-tumor agents for targeting PHGDH.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928232

ABSTRACT

Foam stability affects the efficacy and incidence of side effects of foam sclerotherapy. Exploring the relationship between foam pressure difference and foam stability can provide ideas and basis for obtaining more stable foam. In the experiment, sodium cod liver oleate foam was selected, and poloxamer 188 (concentration of 0%, 4%, 8%, 12%) was added to realize the change of foam pressure. By using the self-written program to process the foam pictures, the foam pressure difference and the relationship between the foam stability indicators (water separation rate curve, half-life) and the foam pressure difference were obtained. The results showed that at first the foam pressure increased with the increase of the concentration, and then it decreased with the increase of the concentration and reached a peak at the concentration of 4%. The foam pressure difference decreases continuously with the increase of decay time. When the additive concentration is low, the foam average pressure difference increases. And if the additive concentration is too high, the foam average pressure difference decreases. The smaller the foam pressure difference is, the better the foam stability is. This paper lays a foundation for the research on the stability of foam hardener.


Subject(s)
Half-Life , Humans , Poloxamer , Sclerosing Solutions/adverse effects , Sclerotherapy , Varicose Veins
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928086

ABSTRACT

The high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) characteristic chromatogram of Xiaoer Ganmaoning Oral Liquid(oral liquid for short) was established. The medicinal materials corresponding to characteristic peaks, their index components and ranges of similarity with the reference chromatograms were clarified. The similarity between the characteristic chromatograms of 10 batches of the oral liquid and the reference chromatogram was higher than 0.994. Eighteen characteristic peaks were identified, which were derived from different medicinal materials including Scutellariae Radix, Arctii Fructus, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Gardeniae Fructus and Forsythiae Fructus. Further, 11 characteristic peaks were assigned by the comparison with reference substances as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, scutellarin, forsythiaside A and arctiin. Also, the characteristic chromatogram of precipitate in the oral liquid was established, and the similarity between characteristic chromatograms of 10 batches of the precipitate and the reference chromatogram was higher than 0.940. The 14 characteristic peaks originating from the precipitate and those from the oral liquid were consistent in retention time, and the content of all index components in the precipitate was lower than 5% of that in the oral liquid. Moreover, the stability of precipitate during the accelerated stability test was explored with filtration and Matlab-based image sensory evaluation. The precipitate mass and precipitation degree both increased over the stability test duration significantly. The stability of the oral liquid was used as a model system in this study to establish the integrated quality control system which related to medicinal materials, preparations and precipitate with HPLC characteristic chromatograms and image sensory evaluation, which lays a foundation for the exploration of the quantity value transfer of the oral liquid.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control , Scutellaria baicalensis/chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927942

ABSTRACT

Essential oils from Chinese medicine are popular in the fields such as medicine, food, and cosmetics because of their unique biological characteristics. However, since essential oils are lipophilic compounds with high volatility, poor stability, and strong irritation, various preparation technologies need to be employed to improve stability, reduce irritation, and increase bioavailability. At present, a variety of preparation technologies have been applied to the encapsulation of essential oils. Various encapsulation strategies are formed because of different delivery systems featured with multiple principles and characteristics and are widely used to improve the stability of essential oils. Essential oils of Chinese medicine are widely used in the medical field, and they are under continuous innovation and development in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry, medical products, etc. The present study summarized various delivery systems that could improve the stability of essential oils and reviewed the applications of essential oils encapsulated in the delivery systems in the medical field to provide re-ferences for the improvement of stability of essential oils and their safety, efficiency, and wide use in the medical field.


Subject(s)
China , Oils, Volatile
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927916

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effect of co-amorphous technology in improving the dissolution rate and stability of silybin based on the puerarin-silybin co-amorphous system prepared by the spray-drying method. Solid-state characterization was carried out by powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD), polarizing microscopy(PLM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry(DSC), etc. Saturated powder dissolution, intrinsic dissolution rate, moisture absorption, and stability were further investigated. The results showed that puerarin and silybin formed a co-amorphous system at a single glass transition temperature which was higher than that of any crude drug. The intrinsic dissolution rate and supersaturated powder dissolution of silybin in the co-amorphous system were higher than those of the crude drug and amorphous system. The co-amorphous system kept stable for as long as three months under the condition of 40 ℃, 75% relative humidity, which was longer than that of the single amorphous silybin. Therefore, the co-amorphous technology could significantly improve the dissolution and stability of silybin.


Subject(s)
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning , Desiccation , Drug Compounding/methods , Drug Stability , Silymarin , Solubility , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Technology , X-Ray Diffraction
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1537-1553, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927799

ABSTRACT

Proteus mirabilis lipase (PML) features tolerance to organic solvents and great potential for biodiesel synthesis. However, the thermal stability of the enzyme needs to be improved before it can be used industrially. Various computational design strategies are emerging methods for the modification of enzyme thermal stability. In this paper, the complementary algorithm-based ABACUS, PROSS, and FoldX were employed for positive selection of PML mutations, and their pairwise intersections were further subjected to negative selection by PSSM and GREMLIN to narrow the mutation library. Thereby, 18 potential single-point mutants were screened out. According to experimental verification, 7 mutants had melting temperature (Tm) improved, and the ΔTm of K208G and G206D was the highest, which was 3.75 ℃ and 3.21 ℃, respectively. Five mutants with activity higher than the wild type (WT) were selected for combination by greedy accumulation. Finally, the Tm of the five-point combination mutant M10 increased by 10.63 ℃, and the relative activity was 140% that of the WT. K208G and G206D exhibited certain epistasis during the combination, which made a major contribution to the improvement of the thermal stability of M10. Molecular dynamics simulation indicated that new forces were generated at and around the mutation sites, and the rearrangement of forces near G206D/K208G might stabilize the Ca2+ binding site which played a key role in the stabilization of PML. This study provides an efficient and user-friendly computational design scheme for the thermal stability modification of natural enzymes and lays a foundation for the modification of PML and the expansion of its industrial applications.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Lipase/chemistry , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Proteus mirabilis/metabolism , Solvents/chemistry
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 174-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927702

ABSTRACT

Natural antimicrobial peptides have strong bactericidal activities. An obstacle of the development of antimicrobial peptides resides in the difficulty of developing peptides with high biocompatibility. In this study, molecular dynamics analysis was employed to assess the structural characteristics and biological activities of peptides. A (RXKY)2(YRY)2 structure was used as a template to design an antimicrobial peptide RIKL of high-efficiency and low-toxicity, where X represents Ile and Y represents Leu. The secondary structure of the antimicrobial peptide was detected by circular dichroism (CD), and the structures of RIKL in water and in POPC/POPG membrane environment were measured using molecular dynamics. The biological activity of RIKL was further studied by assessing its antimicrobial activity, hemolytic activity, eukaryotic cytotoxicity, and salt ion stability. CD results showed that RIKL presented an α-helical structure in a simulated bacterial membrane environment. Molecular dynamics simulation predicted that the secondary structure of RIKL could be partly retained in water and POPG environment, while this secondary structure was weakened in the POPC environment. Antimicrobial test suggested that RIKL had high antimicrobial activities, and the geometric mean of the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was 3.1 μmol/L. The hemolysis indicated that RIKL had no hemolytic activity within the detection range, and cytotoxicity test suggested the cytotoxicity of RIKL was low. Stability test showed that RIKL maintained antimicrobial activities under different pH, serum concentrations and salt environments. Based on the above results, RIKL has high cell selectivity and has the potential as a highly effective antibacterial drug.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Antimicrobial Peptides/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Protein Structure, Secondary
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1465-1470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924751

ABSTRACT

Probe electrospray ionization (PESI) is one of the typical types of ambient ionization technology, but its application in quantitative analysis is limited due to its poor sampling stability. Previously, we developed a new micro-pen electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (μPen-ESI-MS/MS) method based on PESI. In this study, a μPen-ESI-MS/MS method to measure testosterone and dextromethorphan in liver microsome samples was developed and validated to further applicate in evaluating drug metabolism stability and CYP450 enzyme activity. A μPen-ESI-MS/MS method for detecting the CYP3A4 substrate testosterone and CYP2D6 substrate dextromethorphan in the liver microsome incubation system were developed, and the linearity, precision and accuracy of the method was validated. The validated method was further used to detect the metabolic stability of testosterone in the liver microsome incubation system. The results showed that the μPen-ESI-MS/MS had high efficiency with 0.3 min spraying time of each sample. The standard curve of the testosterone and dextromethorphan has good linearity (R2 > 0.99), the intra- and inter-batch accuracy of testosterone and dextromethorphan was 95.9%-109.3% and 90.5%-107.3%, respectively; the intra- and inter-batch precision was acceptable with RSD values of 2.4%-13.5% and 3.4%-12.1%. The half-lives of testosterone and dextromethorphan in the liver microsome incubation system were 12 min and 14 min, respectively. This study provided a rapid and sensitive μPen-ESI-MS/MS method for the assay of testosterone and dextromethorphan in liver microsome samples, and provided a new strategy for the evaluation of drug metabolism stability and CYP3A4/CYP2D6 activity.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1040-1043, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924229

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the changes and clinical significance of corneal parameters and tear film stability after cataract combined with pterygium surgery. <p>METHODS: The clinical data of 80 patients with cataract and pterygium admitted to our hospital from January to December 2020 were retrospectively studied. All patients underwent pterygium excision + phacoemulsification + intraocular lens implantation + limbal stem cell transplantation. The changes of visual acuity, corneal Pentacam parameters, corneal astigmatism, corneal curvature and tear film stability before and after operation were compared, and the degree deviation of intraocular lens(IOL)was calculated.<p>RESULTS: At 3mo after operation, the average corneal refractive index and average corneal refractive index of the patients in this group were significantly higher than those before operation. The index of surface variance(ISV)of corneal surface and astigmatism of anterior corneal surface were significantly lower than those before operation, and the indexes of tear film stability were significantly improved compared with those before operation(all <i>P</i><0.01). At 6mo after operation, the visual acuity of the patients in this group was significantly improved compared with that before operation, and the corneal astigmatism was significantly decreased compared with that before operation, but the corneal curvature was significantly higher than that before operation(all <i>P</i><0.001). The IOL degree deviation of the patients in this group was -5.5 - +3.5D.<p>CONCLUSION: Cataract combined with pterygium surgery can effectively improve the visual acuity of patients and improve the stability of tear film, but there may be corneal astigmatism. Therefore, the contralateral corneal refractive power should be used to calculate the IOL degree after pterygium excision. When the corneal refractive state is stable, cataract phacoemulsification is performed to ensure its prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923976

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare samples of proficiency testing (PT) containing live Staphylococcus aureus with drug matrix in microbial PT program of drug testing, and to evaluate the laboratory capability of microbiology tests in China. Methods Two kinds of PT samples containing living bacteria with drug matrix were prepared and evaluated. The results of laboratories participated in PT program and their response to the survey questionnaire were collected and analyzed. Results The homogeneity and stability of the PT samples complied with the requirements of CNAS-CL03: 2010. Samples could be stored stably for at least 6 months at -20 ℃. Among 63 laboratories participating in PT program, 53 laboratories (84.1%) achieved satisfactory results. The satisfaction rate was 94.1% (16/17) in 17 government laboratories (27.0% of total 63 laboratories), 81.4% (35/43) in 43 pharmaceutical quality control laboratories (68.3% of total 63 laboratories), and 66.7% (2/3) in 3 non-government laboratories (4.8% of total 63 laboratories), respectively. Conclusion The government laboratories performed better than pharmaceutical quality control laboratories in microbiology tests of drug, and the testing abilities of some pharmaceutical laboratories needs to be improved. The preparation and application of microbial samples in drug matrix could provide evaluation tools for drug testing laboratories in microbiology.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923954

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare samples of proficiency testing (PT) containing live Staphylococcus aureus with drug matrix in microbial PT program of drug testing, and to evaluate the laboratory capability of microbiology tests in China. Methods Two kinds of PT samples containing living bacteria with drug matrix were prepared and evaluated. The results of laboratories participated in PT program and their response to the survey questionnaire were collected and analyzed. Results The homogeneity and stability of the PT samples complied with the requirements of CNAS-CL03: 2010. Samples could be stored stably for at least 6 months at -20 ℃. Among 63 laboratories participating in PT program, 53 laboratories (84.1%) achieved satisfactory results. The satisfaction rate was 94.1% (16/17) in 17 government laboratories (27.0% of total 63 laboratories), 81.4% (35/43) in 43 pharmaceutical quality control laboratories (68.3% of total 63 laboratories), and 66.7% (2/3) in 3 non-government laboratories (4.8% of total 63 laboratories), respectively. Conclusion The government laboratories performed better than pharmaceutical quality control laboratories in microbiology tests of drug, and the testing abilities of some pharmaceutical laboratories needs to be improved. The preparation and application of microbial samples in drug matrix could provide evaluation tools for drug testing laboratories in microbiology.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923545

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the impacts of proprioception, cutaneous sensitivity and strength on dynamic and static postural stability.Methods From June to November, 2020, a total of 164 elderly participated in this study. Independent parameters included proprioception of knee flexion/extension and ankle dorsi/plantar flexion with proprioception measurement; the cutaneous sensitivity of great toe, first and fifth metatarsals, arch, and heel with monofilament; and strength of ankle dorsi/plantar flexion and hip abduction with isokinetic test. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and center of pressure (COP)-based postural stability tests were conducted to represent dynamic and static postural stability. Exploratory factor and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to explore the relationship of each generated factor to postural stability outcomes.Results Proprioception was significantly correlated to the score of BBS (r=-0.449, P<0.001) and the root mean square (RMS) of COP in mediolateral direction (r=0.254, P=0.004). Cutaneous sensitivity was significantly correlated to the RMS of COP in the anteroposterior direction (r=0.281, P=0.002). Strength was significantly correlated to the score of BBS (r=0.493, P<0.001).Conclusion Proprioception and strength are related to dynamic postural stability, while proprioception and cutaneous sensitivity are associated with static postural stability.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the characteristics of static balance and limits of stability (LOS) in patients with cervical vertigo (CV). Methods From January, 2020 to August, 2021, 30 CV patients in our hospital (vertigo group) and 30 healthy people (control group) were selected and tested with PRO-KIN system, under the conditions of eyes open and closed. The standard deviation of the vertical and horizontal amplitude, the mean of vertical and horizontal sway velocities, the area of the movement, the length of the movement, and LOS at eight directions, The Romberg ratios of the area and the length were caculated. Results All the indicators of the static balance were higher under eyes closed than under eyes open in both groups (|Z| > 2.138, P < 0.05); whether under the eyes open or closed, the static balance indicators were higher in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.004, P < 0.05), except for the mean of horizontal sway velocities (|Z| < 1.026, P > 0.05). The LOS and total LOS completion percentage in the front (upper right, right above, upper left) were lower in the vertigo group than in the control group (|Z| > 2.240, P < 0.05). Conclusion The static balance abilities decrease for CV patients, and the balance control depends on visual compensation. The range of LOS reduces, means a higher risk of falling.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 848-852, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare cinnamaldehyde (CA) loaded liposomes bilayer-modified by bovine serum albumin (BSA)/chitosan (CTS)(BSA/CTS-Lip-CA) in order to improve the sustained-release effect and storage stability of the nanoparticles. METHODS Firstly,cinnamaldehyde loaded liposomes (Lip-CA)and blank liposomes (Lip-Blank)were prepared by thin film dispersion method. Then chitosan modified cinnamaldehyde loaded liposome (CTS-Lip-CA)and BSA/CTS-Lip-CA were obtained by electrostatic adsorption. Finally , the prepared liposomes were characterized , and their in vitro release characteristics and storage stability were investigated. RESULTS The particle size of BSA/CTS-Lip-CA was (177.8±4.0)nm and the Zeta potential was (-15.6±1.5)mV;they were in spherical shape ;FTIR analysis showed that the modification of BSA and CTS had no effect on the internal structure of liposomes. The results of in vitro drug release characteristics showed that the cumulative release of Lip-CA ,CTS-Lip-CA and BSA/CTS-Lip-CA within 10 hours were 82.9%,74.1% and 72.9% respectively. The results of storage stability showed that after 30 days of storage ,the particle sizes of Lip-CA ,CTS-Lip-CA and BSA/ CTS-Lip-CA were (134.2±2.1),(151.7±0.4),(164.8±1.5)nm;the retention rates of model drug CA were 65.4%,82.5% and 90.2% respectively. CONCLUSIONS BSA/CTS-Lip-CA is successfully prepared. It has a certain sustained-release effect and can improve the storage stability of the drug to a certain extent.

20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 47-64, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922492

ABSTRACT

As a sensor of cytosolic DNA, the role of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in innate immune response is well established, yet how its functions in different biological conditions remain to be elucidated. Here, we identify cGAS as an essential regulator in inhibiting mitotic DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and protecting short telomeres from end-to-end fusion independent of the canonical cGAS-STING pathway. cGAS associates with telomeric/subtelomeric DNA during mitosis when TRF1/TRF2/POT1 are deficient on telomeres. Depletion of cGAS leads to mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions predominantly occurring between short telomeres. Mechanistically, cGAS interacts with CDK1 and positions them to chromosome ends. Thus, CDK1 inhibits mitotic non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) by blocking the recruitment of RNF8. cGAS-deficient human primary cells are defective in entering replicative senescence and display chromosome end-to-end fusions, genome instability and prolonged growth arrest. Altogether, cGAS safeguards genome stability by controlling mitotic DSB repair to inhibit mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions, thus facilitating replicative senescence.

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