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1.
Psicol. pesq ; 16(1): 1-23, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356621

ABSTRACT

Transtornos Mentais Comuns (TMC) caracterizam-se por sintomas que causam sofrimento. Esta revisão sistemática teve por objetivo descrever e analisar artigos sobre prevalência de TMC entre universitários brasileiros. A busca foi realizada no Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde com os descritores "Acadêmicos" OR "Universitários" AND "Transtornos Mentais Comuns". Dentre os 229 artigos elegíveis, foram incluídos 18. A prevalência de TMC detectada variou de 19% a 55,3%, e em 11 estudos foi maior que 40%; frequência superior às identificadas em estudos internacionais com universitários, nacionais com população geral e outras amostras. Sugere-se medidas de atenção em saúde mental para este público.


Common Mental Disorders (CMD) are characterized by symptoms that cause suffering. This systematic review aimed to describe and analyze articles on the prevalence of CMD among Brazilian university students. The search was carried out on the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde Portal using the keywords "Academic" OR "University Students" AND "Common Mental Disorders". Among the 229 eligible articles, 18 were included. The prevalence of CMD detected ranged from 19% to 55.3%, and in 11 studies it was greater than 40%; higher than when compared to international studies with university students, nationals with general population and other samples. Mental health care interventions are suggested for this public.


Los Trastornos Mentales Comunes (TMC) se caracterizan por síntomas que causan sufrimiento. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo describir y analizar artículos sobre la prevalencia de Trastornos Mentales Comunes (TMC) entre estudiantes universitarios brasileños. La búsqueda se realizó en el Portal de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud con los descriptores "Académicos" OR " Universitarios" AND "Trastornos Mentales Comunes". Entre los 229 artículos elegibles, se incluyeron 18. La prevalencia de TMC detectada osciló entre el 19% y el 55,3%, y en 11 estudios fue superior al 40%. Dicha frecuencia es más alta que las identificadas en estudios internacionales con universitarios, nacionales con población general y otras muestras. Se sugieren medidas de atención en salud mental para este público.

2.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022301, 06 abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363562

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a sound perception not related to stimulation. It can significantly impair the quality of life and its treatment is considered one significant challenge of Medicine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematic reviews developed by Cochrane regarding therapeutic interventions for subjective tinnitus. METHODS: It is an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews. We searched systematic reviews on Cochrane Library. The MeSH term "tinnitus" was used for searches. Inclusion criteria involved therapeutic interventions for patients with subjective tinnitus. RESULTS: The search strategy recovered 577 citations with 14 Cochrane systematic reviews. 13 were included because they were focusing on primary tinnitus interventions. One review had no scope of analysis for tinnitus and it was excluded. 7,998 tinnitus patients were evaluated. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of evidence of the effectiveness of any intervention for tinnitus treatment, considering the studies performed so far and compiled in Cochrane systematic reviews.


INTRODUÇÃO: O zumbido é a sensação do som sem que haja estimulação ambiental. Pode prejudicar significativamente a qualidade de vida e seu tratamento é considerado um grande desafio da Medicina. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as revisões sistemáticas desenvolvidas pela Cochrane, no que concerne às intervenções terapêuticas para o zumbido subjetivo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca por revisões sistemáticas na Cochrane Library. Foi utilizado o termo DeCS "zumbido". Os critérios de inclusão envolveram intervenções terapêuticas para pacientes com zumbido subjetivo. RESULTADOS: A estratégia de busca recuperou 577 citações e, destas, 14 revisões sistemáticas Cochrane, sendo que 13 enfocavam intervenções primárias para zumbido, sendo estas incluídas neste estudo. Uma revisão não tinha escopo de análise para zumbido e foi excluída. Foram avaliados 7.998 portadores de zumbido. CONCLUSÃO: Há carência de evidência de efetividade de qualquer intervenção, medicamentosa ou não, para tratamento do zumbido, considerando os estudos realizados até o momento e compilados em revisões sistemáticas Cochrane.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Tinnitus/therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 921-936, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364673

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a formação de profissionais de saúde em programas de Residência Multiprofissional em Saúde (RMS) direcionados à atenção básica no Brasil. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática da literatura conduzida nas bases de dados SciELO, BVS e PubMed no ano de 2019, registrada sob número CRD42019134350. A busca ocorreu utilizando descritores relacionados à RMS e à atenção básica, sendo incluídas pesquisas empíricas sobre o tema sem alto risco de viés. Dos 700 registros recuperados no processo de busca, 13 artigos foram incluídos na revisão. Todos os estudos apresentaram abordagem qualitativa, predominando estudos realizados no estado de São Paulo e com baixo risco de viés (69%). Os principais resultados foram categorizados em: contribuição de dispositivos para a formação pelo trabalho; estratégias balizadoras da formação; potencialidades da residência para a formação em saúde; e dificuldades experienciadas no processo de formação. A formação nos programas estudados tem proporcionado um novo perfil de profissional de saúde, apesar das limitações vivenciadas no processo. Torna-se necessário investimento na qualificação dos atores envolvidos na formação, uma vez que essa foi uma das principais dificuldades relatadas.


Abstract The scope of this study is to investigate how the training of health professionals has been provided in Multi-professional Primary Health Care Residency Programs in Brazil. A systematic review was conducted on Scielo, BVS and PubMed databases in 2019, under registration number CRD42019134350. The search was carried out using key words related to Multi-Professional Residency Programs and Primary Health Care, including empirical research on the theme with a low-level risk of bias. Of the 700 studies identified, 13 articles were included in this review. All the studies adopted a qualitative approach predominantly performed in São Paulo with a low risk of bias (69%). The main results were categorized as: Contribution of measures for occupational training; Definition of professional training strategies; Potential of Multi-Professional Primary Health Care Residency Programs for health professional training and difficulties experienced during the training process. Professional training on programs studied has provided a new profile of health providers, despite limitations in the training process. Investments in the qualification of the personnel involved in training were perceived as being necessary, since it was one of the main weaknesses reported.

4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(1): 94-102, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine personality/temperament features and mental health vulnerability in offspring of mothers with bipolar disorders (BD), including dimensions which may impact psychological characteristics or therapeutic measures. Methods: A systematic review, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, was conducted to search for original articles that investigated personality/temperament features of offspring of women with BD and emotional factors involved in the mother-child relationship. The electronic search was performed in the PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases from February 2010 to February 2017. Results: Ten quantitative studies were included in the analysis: seven from the United States, two from Brazil, and one from Canada. The narrative synthesis was categorized into three dimensions: 1) reliability of instruments for prediction of future psychopathology in offspring; 2) environmental risk factors for offspring; and 3) early interventions. The findings showed impairments in the offspring's lives, high rates of behavior and temperament problems, and psychiatric disorders. Conclusion: BD is a frequent psychiatric disorder, and the offspring of mothers with this condition are exposed to complex family relationships and psychosocial difficulties. If they are to ensure a good provision of mental health and psychosocial care to this unique population, early interventions must not neglect their contextual specificities. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD-42017039010

5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 42-55, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357468

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Maintenance of oral microbiota balance is the simplest way to prevent infectious oral diseases, through controlling dental biofilm. Combined use of mouthwash and mechanical removal has been shown to be a very effective way for this. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical studies comparing the antimicrobial effect and possible adverse effects and/or side effects of chlorhexidine-based mouthwashes with those of mouthwashes containing chlorine dioxide and/or polyhexanide, for controlling oral microbiota. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review designed by the stomatology sector of postgraduation in applied dental sciences of Bauru Dentistry School, University of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using online databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Science Direct) up to April 8, 2020. The search was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. RESULTS: The studies included comprised eight articles published between 2001 and 2017. A total of 295 young adults, adults and elderly people were evaluated (males 44.75% and females 55.25%). Three articles compared polyhexanide with chlorhexidine and five articles compared chlorine dioxide with chlorhexidine. No studies comparing all three mouthwashes were found. The concentrations of the study solutions were quite varied, and all rinses had an antimicrobial effect. In four studies, it was stated that no side effects or adverse effects had been found. Three studies did not address these results and only one study addressed side effects and/or adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Mouthwashes containing chlorine dioxide and polyhexanide are viable alternatives to chlorhexidine, since they reduce oral biofilm and have little or no reported side or adverse effects.

6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 18-30, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356273

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: A systematic review of the literature with available published literature to compare ileal conduit (IC) and cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) urinary diversions (UD) in terms of perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes of high-risk elderly patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Protocol Registration: PROSPERO ID CRD42020168851. Materials and Methods: A systematic review, according to the PRISMA Statement, was performed. Search through the Medline, Embase, Scopus, Scielo, Lilacs, and Cochrane Database until July 2020. Results: The literature search yielded 2,883 citations and were selected eight studies, including 1096 patients. A total of 707 patients underwent IC and 389 CU. Surgical procedures and outcomes, complications, mortality, and quality of life were analyzed. Conclusions: CU seems to be a safe alternative for the elderly and more frail patients. It is associated with faster surgery, less blood loss, lower transfusion rates, a lower necessity of intensive care, and shorter hospital stay. According to most studies, complications are less frequent after CU, even though mortality rates are similar. Studies with long-term follow up are awaited.

7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 74-82, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the perinatal outcomes of fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia after fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) and antenatal expectant management. Data sources In this rapid review, searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases between August 10th and September 4th, 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs or cluster-RCTs published in English in the past ten years were included. Study selection We retrieved 203 publications; 180 studies were screened by abstract. Full-text selection was performed for eight studies, and 1 single center RCTmet the inclusion criteria (41 randomized women; 20 in the FETO group, and 21 in the control group). Data collection Data collection was performed independently, by both authors, in two steps (title and abstract and full-text reading). Data synthesis There were no cases of maternal mortality. The mean gestational age at delivery was of 35.6±2.4 weeks in the intervention group, and of 37.4±1.9 weeks among the controls (p<0.01). Survival until 6 months of age was reported in 50% of the intervention group, and in 5.8% of the controls (p<0.01; relative risk: 10.5; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.5-74.7). Severe postnatal pulmonary hypertension was found in 50% of the infants in the intervention group, and in 85.7% of controls (p=0.02; relative risk: 0.6; 95%CI: 0.4-0.9). An analysis of the study indicated some concerns of risk of bias. The quality of evidence was considered moderate to low. Conclusion Current evidence is limited but suggests that FETO may be an effective intervention to improve perinatal outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados perinatais de fetos com hérnia diafragmática congênita após oclusão traqueal endoscópica fetal (OTEF) e conduta expectante pré-natal. Fontes dos dados Nesta revisão rápida, pesquisas foram conduzidas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE e CENTRAL entre 10 de agosto de 2020 e 4 de setembro de 2020. Ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs), quase-ECRs e ECRs em cluster publicados em inglês nos últimos dez anos foram incluídos. Seleção dos estudos Foram recuperadas 203 publicações; 180 destas foram triadas pelo resumo. Fez-se a leitura do texto completo de 8 estudos, e 1 ECR cumpriu os critérios de inclusão (41 mulheres aleatorizadas; 20 no grupo OTEF e 21 no grupo de controle). Coleta de dados A coleta de dados realizada independentemente pelos dois autores, em duas etapas (título e resumo, e leitura do texto completo). Síntese dos dados Não houve casos de mortematerna. A idade gestacionalmédia no parto foi de 35,6±2,4 semanas no grupo de intervenção, e de 37,4±1,9 semanas entre os controles (p<0,01). A sobrevida até 6 meses de idade foi relatada em 50% do grupo de intervenção, e em 5,8% dos controles (p<0,01; risco relativo: 10,5; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 1,5-74,7). Hipertensão pulmonar grave ocorreu em 50% dos lactentes do grupo de intervenção, e em 85,7% dos controles (p = 0.02; risco relativo: 0,6; IC95%: 0,4-0,9). Uma análise do estudo indicou algumas preocupações quanto ao risco de viés. A qualidade da evidência foi considerada de moderada a baixa. Conclusão As evidências atuais são limitadas,mas sugeremque a OTEF pode ser uma intervenção eficaz para melhorar resultados perinatais.

8.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-15, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361855

ABSTRACT

Background/Aim: High-grade gliomas are aggressive brain neoplasms usually refractory to treatment. Recently new treatment approaches have emerged, including immunotherapies. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of immunotherapies in adult patients with high-grade gliomas. Methods: Searches were performed in three databases for relevant studies published until December 2020. Title and abstract screening, full-text review, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. Risk of bias assessment was performed according to the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB 2). Meta-analyses were performed with Review Manager software (version 5.4.1), using risk ratio and 95% confidence intervals as measure of effect, the Mantel-Haenszel method, and random effects models. The quality of evidence assessment was conducted according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Results: Nineteen studies were included in the systematic review, of which 15 reported comparable data for meta-analyses. The outcomes assessed in the meta-analyses were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), with subgroups at 6, 12, and more than 12 months. No statistical differences were observed between immunotherapy and conventional treatment, except for the OS subgroup over 12 months. The certainty on the evidence was moderate. Conclusion: There was no evidence of an additional benefit of immunotherapy compared to standard treatment in the synthesis of results from clinical trials. Further high-quality clinical trials are needed to improve the quality of evidence concerning immunotherapies for the treatment of high-grade gliomas.

9.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(1): 97-111, 01/01/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1357842

ABSTRACT

Este texto apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa que teve como objetivo compreender a atuação da(o) profissional psicóloga(o) no contexto carcerário brasileiro a partir da literatura produzida e publicada nas principais bases de dados vinculadas ao CNPq. Foi realizado um levantamento nas bases de dados no ano de 2020 e selecionados 7 trabalhos para análise. Identificou-se que a maioria das publicações é de 2015, possuindo concentração geográfica maior na região Sudeste. Predominam discussões sobre o papel que a(o) psicóloga(o) deve exercer nesse espaço e qual a sua real atuação. Constatou-se que as práticas mais exercidas por psicólogas(os) no sistema prisional são os atendimentos individuais, a avaliação psicológica e a elaboração de documentos. Considera-se a necessidade de maiores discussões e pesquisas sobre a atuação de psicólogas no contexto carcerário, bem como a realização destas discussões durante a formação em psicologia.


This text presents the results of a research that aimed to understand the role of professional psychologists in the Brazilian prison context, based on the literature produced and published in the main databases linked to the CNPq. A survey was carried out in the databases in the year 2020 and 7 works were selected for analysis. It was identified that most publications are from 2015, with a greater geographic concentration in the Southeast region. Discussions about the role that (o) psychologist (o) should play in this space and what is her real role prevail. It was found that the practices most exercised by psychologists in the prison system are individual care, psychological assessment and preparation of documents. There is a need for further discussions and research on the role of psychologists in the prison context, as well as these discussions during training in psychology.


Subject(s)
Prisons , Psychology , Systematic Review
10.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-13, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348157

ABSTRACT

One of the most common thyroid dysfunctions is Hashimoto's disease (HD), characterized by the production of specific antibodies against thyroid gland antigens (Anti-Tg and Anti-TPO). Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D supplementation, associated with levothyroxine, may contribute to the control of this autoimmune disease. However, secondary studies on this topic, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses, are still scarce. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin D in patients with HD through a systematic review with meta-analysis. Randomized clinical trials were selected on the Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Studies comparing groups of HD patients supplemented with vitamin D and non-supplemented HD patients were included. The following outcomes were considered: TSH, T3, T4, Anti-Tg, Anti-TPO, and adverse drug reactions. The risk of bias was performed according to the Cochrane recommendations (RoB v. 2.0), and the quality of evidence was evaluated by the GRADE system. A total of 766 studies were identified in the databases, of which 7 met the eligibility criteria. None of the studies indicated the occurrence of adverse reactions with vitamin D supplementation in any administered dosage. Supplemented patients had a significant reduction in serum TSH levels compared to the control group (mean difference = -0.180 (95% CI [-0.316 to -0.045]), p = 0.009), suggesting that thyroid function was more controlled in the intervention group. However, for the other outcomes, no statistically significant differences were observed between the groups. Additionally, most of included articles (n=5/7) had some concerns or high risk of bias, and the quality of evidence revealed a moderate confidence for almost all outcomes; so the results must be interpreted with caution. Thus, more consistent, and robust clinical trials need to be carried out to confirm the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in patients with HD.

11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e017, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360244

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Appropriate research reports are important to facilitate the evaluation of studies and the decision-making by dentists and policymakers. This meta-research study assessed the conformity of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restorations with the CONSORT recommendations and their risk of bias (RoB). Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, BBO, LILACS, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched from April 2019 to June 2021 for RCTs that assessed the longevity of ART restorations in children. A specific tool was used to assess adherence to the CONSORT recommendations; RoB was evaluated with the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. Descriptive analyses included the number of studies by journal, follow-up period, country, and quality assessments. A total of 2,181 papers were retrieved and 36 of them were analyzed qualitatively. The overall CONSORT mean score (CONms) was 22.52 ± 6.17 out of 32 points. The best described items were intervention and outcomes, whereas allocation concealment was described in only 22% of the papers. Significant differences in CONms were detected in the analysis by country and publication dates. High CONms were observed in recently published papers (26.7 ± 3.1) when compared to first ART studies (18.1 ± 4.6; p < 0.001). RoB was low in four studies, unclear in 11, and high in 21. Adherence of the papers to the CONSORT recommendations was not fully achieved and most of the papers had unclear and high RoB (PROSPERO registration #CRD42020201460).

12.
CoDAS ; 34(3): e20210138, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360362

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Revisar os efeitos da Fotobiomodulação com Laser de Baixa Potência na função mastigatória e nos movimentos mandibulares, em adultos com Disfunção Temporomandibular. Estratégia de pesquisa Busca nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs, Science Direct e Google Scholar, utilizando os descritores: "temporomandibular joint disorders", "low level light therapy", "low level laser therapy", "mastication" e "mandible". Critérios de seleção Ensaios clínicos randomizados envolvendo adultos com Disfunção Temporomandibular, que utilizaram laser de baixa potência e avaliaram a mastigação e os movimentos mandibulares. Análise dos dados Inicialmente realizou-se a leitura dos títulos e resumos de todos os estudos encontrados. Em seguida, apenas os estudos selecionados na primeira etapa foram lidos na íntegra e avaliados quanto à elegibilidade. Após a seleção, foram analisadas as características dos estudos incluídos, bem como a sua qualidade metodológica e da evidência. Na metanálise, a média da amplitude de abertura de boca foi considerada como medida de efeito da intervenção. Resultados Verificou-se que os dez artigos incluídos apresentaram resultados muito distintos entre si, principalmente com relação à amplitude de abertura de boca, sendo a mastigação avaliada em apenas um deles. A maioria dos estudos apresentou alto risco de viés, demonstrando uma baixa qualidade metodológica. Considerando os seis estudos incluídos na metanálise, foram identificados resultados significativamente superiores para a fotobiomodulação. Conclusão Devido à escassez na literatura, não há evidências suficientes para os efeitos da fotobiomodulação com laser de baixa potência na mastigação. Já nos movimentos mandibulares, notou-se que essa intervenção apresentou resultados significativos, principalmente para o desfecho de amplitude de abertura de boca.


ABSTRACT Purpose To review the effects of low-level laser photobiomodulation on masticatory function and mandibular movements in adults with temporomandibular disorder. Research strategies Search in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane, LILACS, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar, using the following descriptors: "temporomandibular joint disorders", "low-level light therapy", "low-level laser therapy", "mastication", and "mandible". Selection criteria Randomized clinical trials in adults with temporomandibular disorder, using low-level laser and assessing the mastication and mandibular movements. Data analysis Firstly, the titles and abstracts of all retrieved studies were read. Then, only the studies selected in the first stage were read in full and assessed regarding eligibility. After the selection, the characteristics, methodological quality, and quality of evidence of the studies included in the review were analyzed. In the meta-analysis, the mean amplitude of mouth opening was considered as a measure of intervention effect. Results The 10 articles included in the review had quite different results one from the other, especially regarding the amplitude of mouth opening, while the mastication was assessed in only one of them. Most studies had a high risk of bias, demonstrating a low methodological quality. Significantly higher results for photobiomodulation were identified in the six studies included in the meta-analysis. Conclusion Due to the scarcity in the literature, there is not enough evidence of the effects of low-level laser photobiomodulation on mastication. As for the mandibular movements, this intervention presented significant results, particularly in the amplitude of mouth opening.

13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(1): e20201350, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341030

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify the effectiveness of auriculotherapy in the treatment of nausea and vomiting through a systematic review of the scientific literature. Methods: it was performed a systematic review of the literature making use of the following data basis: The Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Web of Science, LILACS and Cochrane databases were used. Articles from complete research from randomized controlled clinical trials that describe using auriculotherapy in nausea and vomiting treatment were selected, without restriction of date or language. Results: eleven articles were selected for analysis. The majority approached the population in surgical situations, followed by patients undergoing chemotherapy and pregnant women. As for results, 81% (n=8) of the articles reported that nausea and vomiting were lower in incidence and/or intensity in the intervention group. Conclusions: the review provided relevant data on the effects of auriculotherapy in nausea and vomiting treatment, with a decrease in the intensity and frequency of these symptoms in different populations.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar la efectividad de la auriculoterapia en el tratamiento de náuseas y vómitos mediante una revisión sistemática de la literatura científica. Métodos: se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS y Cochrane. Se seleccionaron artículos de investigación completa de ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorios que describen el uso de la auriculoterapia en el tratamiento de náuseas y vómitos, sin restricción de fecha o idioma. Resultados: se seleccionaron 11 artículos para su análisis. La mayoría se acercó a la población en situaciones quirúrgicas, seguida de pacientes en quimioterapia y embarazadas. En cuanto a los resultados, el 81% (n=8) de los artículos informaron que las náuseas y los vómitos fueron de menor incidencia y/o intensidad en el grupo de intervención. Conclusiones: la revisión aportó datos relevantes sobre los efectos de la auriculoterapia en el tratamiento de las náuseas y los vómitos, con disminución de la intensidad y frecuencia de estos síntomas en diferentes poblaciones.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar a eficácia da auriculoterapia no tratamento de náuseas e vômitos através de uma revisão sistemática da literatura científica. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura nas bases de dados Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Web of Science, LILACS e Cochrane. Foram selecionados artigos de pesquisas completas de ensaios clínicos randomizados controlados e que descrevem o uso da auriculoterapia no tratamento de náuseas e vômitos, sem restrição de data ou idioma. Resultados: foram selecionados 11 artigos para análise. A maioria abordou população em situações cirúrgicas, seguidos de pacientes em quimioterapia e gestantes. Quanto aos resultados, 81% (n=8) dos artigos reportaram que náuseas e vômitos foram menores em incidência e/ou intensidade no grupo intervenção. Conclusão: a revisão forneceu dados relevantes sobre os efeitos da auriculoterapia no tratamento de náuseas e vômitos, apresentando diminuição de intensidade e frequência desses sintomas em diferentes populações.

14.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2021002, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356761

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To perform a systematic review of the health economic evidence on the care of children and adolescents with complex clinical conditions, comparing groups included and not included (control group) in palliative care at the end of life. Data source: The seven databases searched were PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Virtual Health Library-Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (VHL-LILACS), EBSCOhost, and Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation, following recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, from January 1979 to November 2020. The review included studies of patients under 18 years of age with complex clinical conditions that compared a palliative care group with a control group. The economic outcomes analyzed were length and place of stay at the end of life (home, hospice, ward, intensive care unit, emergency room), diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed, and health-related costs. The exclusion criteria were: studies without a matched control group, conference/congress abstracts, letters to the editor, editorials, comments, qualitative studies, narrative reviews, studies with ten or fewer participants in each group, articles published in languages other than English, Portuguese, or Spanish. Data synthesis: Out of the 518 articles identified, 4 met the inclusion criteria. We found evidence of direct economic benefits, such as reduced health costs, indirect savings, and protection of patients from undergoing invasive procedures, surgeries, and costly therapies, which cause greater suffering at the end of life. Therefore, participating in a palliative care program saved financial and technological resources, besides increasing the frequency of deaths at home and improving the quality of life. Conclusions: Public and private policies to promote palliative care represent better efficiency when allocating available health care resources.


Resumo Objetivo: Realizar revisão sistemática das evidências de economia da saúde no cuidado de crianças e adolescentes com condições clínicas complexas, comparando no fim de vida o grupo inserido em cuidados paliativos com o grupo não inserido (grupo controle). Fontes de dados: As sete bases de dados pesquisadas foram PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde-Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (BVS-LILACS), EBSCOhost e Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation, seguindo as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, de janeiro/1979 a novembro/2020. A revisão incluiu estudos com pacientes com condições clínicas complexas, idade inferior a 18 anos, comparativos de um grupo inserido em cuidados paliativos com um grupo controle não inserido em cuidados paliativos. Os desfechos econômicos analisados foram tempo e local de permanência no fim de vida (casa, hospice, enfermaria, unidade de terapia intensiva, pronto-socorro), procedimentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos realizados e custos relacionados aos cuidados de saúde. Os critérios de exclusão foram: estudos sem grupo controle pareados, resumos de conferências/congressos, cartas ao editor, editoriais, comentários, estudos qualitativos, revisões narrativas, estudos com dez ou menos participantes, artigos publicados em outras línguas além de inglês, português e espanhol. Síntese dos dados: Do total de 518 artigos identificados, quatro preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Houve evidências de benefícios econômicos diretos de redução de custos monetários relacionados à saúde e também indiretos, de economia e proteção ao paciente de procedimentos invasivos, cirurgias e terapias onerosas, que geram maior sofrimento no fim de vida. Portanto, estar inserido em um programa de cuidados paliativos promoveu economia de recursos financeiros e tecnológicos, além de ter possibilitado maior frequência de óbitos no domicílio e maior qualidade de vida. Conclusões: Políticas públicas e privadas para promover cuidados paliativos representam melhor eficiência na alocação dos recursos disponíveis para cuidados em saúde.

15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 30: e20210410, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to review evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to describe: 1) the active ingredients and desensitizing toothpaste brands; 2) the evaluation of these active ingredients over time, and 3) the fluoride and abrasive content in the formulations designed to treat dentin hypersensitivity (DH). Methodology: In total, 138 RCTs and their tested toothpastes were included. Searches were updated up to August 19, 2021. Formulations, reported brands, active ingredients over time, and type of fluoride (ionizable or ionic fluoride) and abrasive (calcium or silica-based) were analyzed (PROSPERO #CRD42018086815). Results: Our trials assessed 368 toothpaste formulations, including 34 placebo (9%), 98 control toothpastes with fluoride (27%), and 236 (64%) with active ingredients to treat DH. We tested the following active ingredients: potassium compounds (n=68, 19%), calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSP) (n=37, 10%), strontium compounds (n=28, 8%), arginine (n=29, 8%), stannous fluoride (SnF2) (n=21, 6%), hydroxyapatite (n=9, 2%), potassium combined with another active ingredient (n=19, 5%), inorganic salt compounds (n=11, 3%), citrate (n=5, 1%), formaldehyde (n=3, 1%), herbal (n=4, 1%), copolymer (n=1, 0.5%), and trichlorophosphate (TCP) (n=1, 0.5%). The number of toothpaste formulations increased since 1968, with the greatest increment after 2010. Most toothpastes described their type of fluoride as sodium monofluorphosphate (MFP) (n=105, 29%) and NaF (n=82, 22%), with silica-based (n=84, 23%) and calcium-based (n=64, 17%) abrasives. Conclusion: Patients and dentists enjoy an increasing number of brands and active ingredients to decide what desensitizing toothpaste to use. The most common types of fluoride are MFP and NaF.

16.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 46(1): e035, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365615

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Binge drinking consists of an alcohol consumption pattern that is dangerous for the drinkers and for society. Undergraduate medical students are often exposed to stressful situations, increasing the propensity for psychoactive substance use including excessive alcohol consumption. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled prevalence of binge drinking practiced by Brazilian medical students. Methods: The search was performed in a standardized way, involving two researchers, and by consulting the PubMed/Medline, SciELO and LILACS databases. A meta-analysis was carried out to estimate the pooled prevalence of binge drinking and 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI). Results: We identified 206 records and included 14 studies in the review. The combined prevalence was estimated by the random effect method. Despite the substantial heterogeneity among the studies, the pooled analysis indicated that binge drinking is practiced by 47% of medical students as a whole, in Brazil (95% CI: 38%; 57%), and by 65% (95% CI: 50%; 78%) and 47% (95% CI: 34% to 59%), considering men and women, respectively. Conclusion: Binge drinking is practiced by almost half of the contingent of our future doctors. These results provide insights as to the choices and decisions that these students make regarding the consumption of potentially dangerous substances for the human health. Despite the high heterogeneity, the magnitude of the binge-drinking problem estimated in this meta-analysis demands an effective involvement of medical schools in Brazil.


Resumo: Introdução: Binge Drinking é um padrão de consumo de álcool perigoso para quem bebe e para a sociedade. Estudantes de medicina são expostos a situações estressantes aumentando a propensão para o uso de drogas psicoativas incluindo o uso excessivo de álcool. Objetivo: desenvolver uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise para estimar uma medida sumária de prevalência de binge drinking entre estudantes de medicina no Brasil. Métodos: as buscas foram realizadas de modo padronizado, envolvendo dois pesquisadores, e consultando as bases MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO e LILACS. A meta-análise foi realizada para estimar a prevalência sumária de binge drinking e os intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95%. Resultados: Nós identificamos 206 registros e incluímos 14 estudos na revisão. A prevalência combinada foi estimada por efeito randômico. Apesar da substancial heterogeneidade entre os estudos, a prevalência combinada indicou que binge drinking é praticado por 47% (IC 95%: 38%; 57%) dos estudantes de medicina como um todo, no Brasil, e por 65% (IC 95%: 50%; 78%) e 47% (IC 95%: 34% a 59%), considerando homens e mulheres, respectivamente. A heterogeneidade foi alta e não explicada na análise de subgrupos. Conclusão: binge drinking é praticada por quase metade do contingente de nossos futuros médicos. Esses resultados fornecem indícios sobre as escolhas e decisões que estes estudantes estão fazendo com respeito ao consumo de substâncias potencialmente perigosas para a saúde humana. A despeito da alta heterogeneidade, a magnitude estimada de beber em binge demanda por um efetivo envolvimento das escolas médicas, no Brasil.

17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(4): e20210522, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365628

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to demonstrate the effectiveness of educational interventions in knowledge, attitude and practice for preventing respiratory infections in adults and older adults. Methods: this is a systematic review carried out in 11 databases. Primary studies, without language and time restrictions, of the randomized, non-randomized and before-and-after clinical trial type, were selected. The risk of bias was assessed by two independent researchers, and the methodological quality was generated by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Results: the intervention effectiveness was evidenced in seven studies. The results of the random effects meta-analysis show that there is a statistically significant difference between knowledge about preventing respiratory diseases, with an OR of 2.82 (95%CI 1.70 to 4.69) for the occurrence of events represented by improved knowledge. Conclusions: most studies show the effectiveness of educational interventions, which was determined through the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice survey.


RESUMEN Objetivos: demostrar la efectividad de las intervenciones educativas en conocimiento, actitud y práctica para la prevención de infecciones respiratorias en adultos y ancianos. Métodos: revisión sistemática realizada en 11 bases de datos. Se seleccionaron los estudios primarios, sin restricciones de idioma y marco de tiempo, del tipo de ensayo clínico aleatorizado, no aleatorizado y de tipo antes y después. El riesgo de sesgo fue evaluado por dos investigadores independientes y la calidad metodológica fue generada por el Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: la efectividad de la intervención se evidenció en siete estudios. Los resultados del metanálisis de efectos aleatorios muestran que existe una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el conocimiento sobre la prevención de enfermedades respiratorias, con un OR de 2,82 (IC del 95%: 1,70 a 4,69) para la aparición de eventos representados por un conocimiento mejorado. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los estudios muestran la efectividad de las intervenciones educativas, la cual se determinó a través de la encuesta Conocimiento, Actitud y Práctica.


RESUMO Objetivos: evidenciar a efetividade das intervenções educacionais no conhecimento, atitude e prática para a prevenção de infecções respiratórias em adultos e idosos. Métodos: revisão sistemática, realizada em 11 bases de dados. Selecionaram-se estudos primários, sem restrição de idiomas e de recorte temporal, do tipo ensaio clínico randomizado, não randomizado e antes e depois. O risco de viés foi avaliado por dois pesquisadores independentes, e a qualidade metodológica foi gerada pelo Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: a efetividade da intervenção foi evidenciada em sete estudos. Os resultados da metanálise de efeitos aleatórios mostram que existe diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o conhecimento sobre prevenção de doenças respiratórias, com OR de 2,82 (IC95% 1,70 a 4,69) para a ocorrência de eventos representados por melhora de conhecimento. Conclusões: a maioria dos estudos evidencia a efetividade das intervenções educacionais, a qual foi determinada por meio do inquérito Conhecimento, Atitude e Prática.

18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(4): e20210654, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify nursing interventions in rehabilitation, within the scope of functional respiratory reeducation, which allow a respiratory function improvement in people with respiratory disease. Methods: systematic literature review using the MEDLINE database search, adopting the PICO mnemonic and the Joanna Briggs Institute's assessment of the level of evidence and methodological quality. The search for randomized controlled trials was carried out in June 2021 considering the period from 2015 to 2020, in English or Portuguese. Results: a sample of nine randomized controlled trials with methodological quality was obtained which highlighted the use of positive expiratory pressure devices as an important component and intervention for respiratory functional reeducation. Conclusions: nursing interventions in rehabilitation with an emphasis on functional respiratory reeducation are essential, showing improvements in people's general health.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar las intervenciones de enfermería en rehabilitación, en el ámbito de la reeducación funcional respiratoria, que permiten una mejoría de la función respiratoria en persona con enfermedad respiratoria. Métodos: revisión sistemática de la literatura con recurso a la investigación en la base de datos MEDLINE, adoptando la mnemónica PICO y evaluación del nivel de evidencia y calidad metodológica señalado por Joanna Briggs Institute. En el mes de junio de 2021, fue realizada la investigación de estudios randomizados controlados, en el intervalo de 2015 a 2020, en inglés o portugués. Resultados: se obtuvo muestra de nueve estudios randomizados controlados, con calidad metodológica, de los cuales se destaca el uso de dispositivos de presión espiratoria positiva como una importante componente e intervención de reeducación funcional respiratoria. Conclusiones: las intervenciones de enfermería en rehabilitación con énfasis en la reeducación funcional respiratoria son fundamentales, evidenciándose mejorías en la salud general de las personas.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar as intervenções de enfermagem em reabilitação, no âmbito da reeducação funcional respiratória, que permitem uma melhoria da função respiratória na pessoa com doença respiratória. Métodos: revisão sistemática da literatura com recurso à pesquisa na base de dados MEDLINE, adotando a mnemónica PICO e a avaliação do nível de evidência e qualidade metodológica salientado por Joanna Briggs Institute. No mês de junho de 2021, foi realizada a pesquisa de estudos randomizados controlados, no intervalo de 2015 a 2020, em inglês ou português. Resultados: obteve-se amostra de nove estudos randomizados controlados, com qualidade metodológica, dos quais se destaca o uso de dispositivos de pressão expiratória positiva como uma importante componente e intervenção de reeducação funcional respiratória. Conclusões: as intervenções de enfermagem em reabilitação com ênfase na reeducação funcional respiratória são fundamentais, evidenciando-se melhorias na saúde geral das pessoas.

19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3511, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365886

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a efetividade do uso de protocolos de triagem avançada no tempo de permanência, segurança e satisfação dos pacientes e profissionais no serviço de emergência. Método Revisão sistemática com metanálise de ensaios clínicos randomizados das bases de dados Embase, BVS, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library e literatura cinza, utilizando o Review Manager 5.4. Foram incluídos estudos que analisaram tempo de permanência em seus desfechos e excluídos estudos que consideraram outros protocolos de triagem. Resultados Foram encontrados 26.672 estudos, revisados por pares, e dez foram incluídos na metanálise. Para tempo de permanência dos pacientes, sete estudos foram incluídos na metanálise (n=8.229), mostrando uma redução de 36 minutos (-0,36[-0,55; -0,17] p=0,002), resultado com baixa certeza de evidências, favorável à intervenção, variando entre -0,53(-0,81; - 0,25) e -0,29(-0,50; -0,07) na análise dos subgrupos. Quanto aos exames solicitados, cinco estudos foram incluídos (n=2270), indicando que não há diferença significativa entre os grupos (odds ratio 0,94 [0,64;1,38]). Quatro estudos (n=6094) analisaram a satisfação dos pacientes e profissionais, apontando um resultado favorável à intervenção. Conclusão O protocolo de triagem avançada reduziu o tempo de permanência na emergência sem comprometer a segurança e a qualidade do atendimento, embora sejam necessários mais estudos clínicos randomizados sobre o tema. Registrado na PROSPERO (CRD42019142640).


Abstract Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of using advanced triage protocols on the length of stay, safety and satisfaction of the patients and professionals in the emergency department. Method A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials included in the Embase, BVS, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library databases and in the gray literature, using Review Manager 5.4. Studies that analyzed length of stay in their outcomes were included and the studies excluded were those that considered other triage protocols. Results 26,672 peer-reviewed studies were found and ten were included in the meta-analysis. For the patients' length of stay, seven studies were included in the meta-analysis (n=8,229), showing a 36-minute reduction (-0.36[-0.55;-0.17] p=0.002), a result with low certainty of evidence, favorable to the intervention, varying between -0.53 (-0.81;- 0.25) and -0.29 (-0.50;-0.07) in the analysis of the subgroups. Regarding the exams requested, five studies were included (n=2,270), indicating that there is no significant difference between the groups (odds ratio 0.94 [0.64;1.38]). Four studies (n=6,094) analyzed the patients' and the professionals' satisfaction, indicating a favorable result to the intervention. Conclusion The advanced triage protocol reduced length of stay in the emergency room without compromising care safety and quality, although more randomized clinical studies on the theme are needed. Registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019142640).


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la efectividad del uso de protocolos de triage avanzado en la duración de la estancia, seguridad y satisfacción de los pacientes y profesionales en el servicio de emergencia. Método Revisión sistemática con metaanálisis de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados de las bases de datos Embase, BVS, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library y de la literatura gris, utilizando Review Manager 5.4. Se incluyeron los estudios que analizaron la duración de la estancia en sus resultados y se excluyeron los estudios que consideraron otros protocolos de triage. Resultados Se encontraron 26.672 estudios, fueron revisados por pares y diez se incluyeron en el metaanálisis. Para la duración de la estancia de los pacientes, se incluyeron siete estudios en el metaanálisis (n=8.229), que muestran una reducción de 36 minutos (-0,36 [-0,55; -0,17] p=0,002), un resultado con baja certeza de la evidencia, favorable a la intervención, que osciló entre -0,53(-0,81;-0,25) y -0,29(-0,50;-0,07) en el análisis de los subgrupos. En cuanto a las pruebas solicitadas, se incluyeron cinco estudios (n=2270) que indican que no hay diferencia significativa entre los grupos (odds ratio 0,94 [0,64; 1,38]). Cuatro estudios (n=6094) analizaron la satisfacción de los pacientes y profesionales e indican que la intervención tuvo un resultado favorable. Conclusión El protocolo de triage avanzado redujo la estancia en el servicio de emergencia sin comprometer la seguridad y la calidad de la atención, aunque es necesario que se realicen más ensayos clínicos aleatorizados sobre el tema. Registrado en PROSPERO (CRD42019142640).


Subject(s)
Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Triage , Residence Time , Emergency Medical Services , Evidence-Based Nursing , Advanced Practice Nursing
20.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00180420, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355986

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Correctly recognizing gender identity in population-based surveys is essential to develop effective public health strategies to improve the living conditions of transgender and gender-diverse populations, as well as to adequately collect data on cisgender individuals. This study aims to present the two-step measure as the best strategy for assessing gender identity in Brazilian surveys, thus we performed two separate analyses. Firstly, we conducted a systematic review concerning HIV-related care among Brazilian transgender and gender-diverse populations to assess the strategy used to identify participants' gender identity. Secondly, we re-analyzed data from a recent survey that included Brazilian transgender populations, comparing characteristics and health outcomes from the sample identified by single-item and by the two-step measure. Concerning the systematic review, from 6,585 references, Brazilian research teams published seven articles, and only one study used the two-step measure. Regarding this survey, the two-step measure recognized 567 cisgender and 773 transgender and gender diverse participants among the 1,340 participants who answered the questionnaire, whereas the single-item measure was able to recognize only 540 transgender and gender diverse people. Furthermore, 31 transgender women self-identified as "transgender men" on the single-item measure. Therefore, although scarcely used in Brazil, the two-step measure is a more accurate strategy to recognize gender identity.


Resumo: O reconhecimento correto da identidade de género em inquéritos populacionais é essencial para desenvolver estratégias eficazes de saúde pública para melhorar as duras condições de vida das populações transgênero e não binárias, além de coletar dados adequados sobre pessoas cisgênero. O estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a medida de dois passos como a melhor estratégia para avaliar a identidade de gênero em inquéritos brasileiros. Para tanto, fizemos duas análises separadas. Primeiro, realizamos uma revisão sistemática sobre a assistência relacionada ao HIV em populações transgênero e não binárias brasileiras para avaliar a estratégia aplicada ao reconhecimento da identidade de gênero dos participantes. Depois, reanalisamos os dados de um inquérito recente que incluiu populações transgênero brasileiras, comparando as características e os desfechos de saúde na amostra identificada com as medidas de item único e de dois passos, respectivamente. Quanto à revisão sistemática, entre 6.585 referências, sete artigos foram publicados por pesquisadores brasileiros, e apenas um estudo aplicou a medida de dois passos. Com relação ao inquérito, a medida de dois passos reconheceu 567 pessoas cisgênero e 773 pessoas transgênero e não binárias entre os 1.340 participantes que iniciaram o questionário, enquanto a medida de item único reconheceu somente 540 pessoas transgênero e não binárias. Além disso, 31 mulheres transgênero se identificaram como "homens transgênero", quando foi usada a medida de item único. Portanto, embora a medida de dois passos seja pouco aplicada no Brasil, é uma estratégia mais precisa para reconhecer a identidade de gênero.


Resumen: Reconocer correctamente la identidad de género en las encuestas basadas en población es esencial para desarrollar estrategias públicas de salud efectivas, con el objeto de mejorar las duras condiciones de vida de las poblaciones transgénero y de género diverso, así como recabar adecuadamente datos sobre personas cisgénero. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar un modelo de dos etapas como la mejor estrategia para evaluar la identidad de género en encuestas brasileñas. Para tal fin, se realizaron dos análisis separados. En primer lugar, se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática relacionada con los cuidados recibidos por la población transgénero brasileña con VIH y poblaciones de género diverso, con el fin de evaluar la estrategia aplicada para reconocer la identidad de género de los participantes. En segundo lugar, volvimos a analizar los datos de una encuesta reciente, que incluyó a poblaciones transgénero brasileñas, comparando características y resultados de salud de la muestra identificada por un modelo de ítem único y por el modelo de dos etapas. Respecto a la revisión sistemática, de las 6.585 referencias se publicaron siete artículos por parte de equipos de investigación brasileños, y solamente un estudio donde se aplicó el modelo de dos etapas. Respecto a esta encuesta, el modelo de dos etapas reconoció a 567 cisgénero y 773 transgénero, así como a participantes de género diverso, entre los 1.340 participantes que realizaron el cuestionario, aunque el modelo de un único ítem fue capaz de reconocer solo a 540 personas transgénero y de género diverso. Además, 31 mujeres transgénero se autoidentificaron como "hombres transgéneros" en el modelo de un único ítem. Por consiguiente, a pesar de que se aplicó escasamente en Brasil, el modelo de dos etapas es una estrategia más precisa para reconocer la identidad de género.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transgender Persons , Brazil , Selection Bias , Surveys and Questionnaires , Gender Identity
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