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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 238-246, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940334

ABSTRACT

By consulting the ancient herbal and medical books, combined with modern literature, the name, origin, geoherbalism, harvesting and processing changes of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias in famous classical formulas were sorted out. According to the research, ancient doctors only approved three kinds of bamboo medicinal materials, namely, Jinzhu (䈽竹), Kuzhu (苦竹) and Danzhu (淡竹), and took bamboo leaves, made Bambusae Caulis in Taenias and Zhuli (竹沥) for medicine. Bamboo medicinal materials with different origins have different properties, tastes and effects, after clinical optimization, it is gradually considered that Danzhu is the best source of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias and Zhuli. According to the morphological description of the original plants and the attached drawings, it is considered that the Danzhu in ancient Chinese materia medica should be Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis, which has been included in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia as one of the genuine sources of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias. Therefore, It is suggested that P. nigra var. henonis can be added as the source of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias in famous classical formulas, and the medicinal part is the dry middle layer of its stem. Ginger-processed can increase the anti emetic effect of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias, and the three formulas involving Bambusae Caulis in Taenias from The Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (The First Batch) all contain ginger, and the processing method of Bambusae Caulis in Taenias is not marked in the original formula, so it is suggested to use raw products in the three formulas of Jupi Zhurutang, Wendantang and Zhurutang.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 841-845, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954397

ABSTRACT

The ancient herbal books, and literatures were reviewed, and the textual research and origin of Caryophylli flos were explored from the differences between Caryophylli flos and Caryophylli fructus, the alias of Caryophylli flos and Caryophylli fructus, the origin and introduction of Caryophylli flos, and its efficacy and indications. The results indicated that Caryophylli flos and Caryophylli fructus were different from each other in terms of synonyms, chemical components and pharmacological effects. Caryophylli flos was brought to China as a spice in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, and the efficacy of Caryophylli flos was almost same in ancient and modern time. Caryophylli flos is widely used in digestive and dental diseases, and Caryophylli flos is also one of the seven natural spices, which can be used for food preservation.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 945-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907654

ABSTRACT

As a collective noun of incense and medicine, fragrant medicine has long been integrated into Chinese culture. It is not only a symbol of the cultural exchange between China and foreign countries in the middle ancient times, but also plays a very important role in medicine and other fields. Among them, Borneol can not only be used for medicinal purposes, but also for incense and fumigation, as well as food, tea, wine and other applications. This paper intends to sort out the medicinal properties, effects and other applications of Borneol recorded in ancient books of traditional Chinese herbs in the past dynasties, focusing on summarizing its medicinal properties, meridians, effects, compatibility and application characteristics. In addition, modern pharmacological action was included as a supplement, in order to provide reference for the clinical use of Borneol in medicinal aspects.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-181, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906408

ABSTRACT

This review made a systematic textual research on the historical evolution and changes of the origin, producing areas and quality, harvest time and processing methods, and cultivation technique of Poria in famous classical formulas from the Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (the First Batch) by referring to the literature of ancient materia medica and medical books combining with the modern literature in CNKI, Wanfang Data and other databases, which could provide reference for the development and research of the famous classical formulas containing Poria. According to the research, the origin of Poria in ancient times was the dried sclerotia of Poria cocos. The producing area of Poria is widely distributed in China, mainly produced in Anhui, Hubei, Henan and Yunnan provinces. The quality of Poria from Yunnan is better, and the yield is larger in Anhui and Hubei provinces. The quality evaluation of Poria is basically the same from ancient to modern, which has the characteristics of large block, heavy weight, thin and wrinkled skin, and white and delicate cross section. The harvesting period of Poria is usually in August of the lunar calendar. The initial processing has undergone the evolution from drying in shade in the ancient time to drying in shade after sweating in the modern time. From ancient times to the present, Poria has been processed by cutting to prepare the Fuling lumps and Fuling slices. The cultivation technique has experienced the evolution process of "wild Poria-inoculation of live pine root-basswood cultured". At present, Poria is mainly cultivated by artificial basswood with mature technical methods and abundant yields, which can meet the research and development needs of the famous classical formulas.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 697-703, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008556

ABSTRACT

Through consulting the herbs and medical books of past dynasties, combining with modern literature and field investigation, this paper made textual research on the name, origin, producing area, harvesting and processing of Bupleuri Radix used in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescriptions(the first batch).From Han to the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the source of Bupleuri Radix was a mixture of Bupleurum and Peucedanum, it's hard to define the origin of authentic products.In Tang Dynasty, Caryophyllaceae had been used as Bupleuri Radix. In Song Dynasty, it was clear that the genuine production area of Bupleuri Radix was Yinzhou, its origin was B. corzonerifolium and B. yinchowense.After the Ming Dynasty, B. chinense gradually became the mainstream. It has been confirmed that there were differences in the efficacy between Stellaria dichotoma in Caryophyllaceae and Bupleurum in Umbelliferae, however, the use of S. dichotoma is still attributed to Bupleuri Radix. In the Qing Dynasty, S. dichotoma was distinguished from Bupleuri Radix as another medicine. Among the prescriptions containing Bupleuri Radix included in the Catalogue of Classical Prescriptions in Ancient China(the first batch), the mainstream of genuine Bupleuri Radix should be B. scorzonerifolium and B. chinense. It is suggested that the genuine base of Bupleuri Radix should be selected according to the current resources and industrial development of Bupleuri Radix, and it should conform to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum/chemistry , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots/chemistry , Prescriptions
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 720-731, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008496

ABSTRACT

Dao-di herbs are the Chinese herbs which have high quality and best clinic effects. Sichuan is one of the proviences most rich in Chinese herb resources,which has 7 290 species of Chinese herbs, such as Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Ophiopogonis Radix, Coptidis Rhizoma, Gentianae Radix, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Curcumae Rhizoma, Gardeniae Fructus, ect. After textual research on materia medica of the 7 290 Chinese herbs, we find there are 86 Dao-di herbs in Sichuan, such as Chuanxiong Rhizoma from Dujiangyan, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata from Jiangyou, Fritillariae Radix, Notoptergii Rhizoma et Radix, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix from Suining, Ophiopogonis Radix from Santai, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma from Zhongjiang, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex from Pingwu. In China more attention is paid to the production of Dao-di herbs. In 2018, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine launched the "Construction Plan of national production base of genuine medicinal materials". Developing genuine medicinal materials in genuine production areas is one of the effective ways to ensure the quality of medicinal materials. Based on the study of geographical environment and ecological factors(altitude, climate, soil) in Sichuan province. The Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province are divided into 4 districts, including, Sichuan basin medicinal materials production area, mountain and the basin edge medicinal materials production area, Panxi medicinal materials production area, Plateau Mountain Canyon medicinal materials production area. The suitable regions and best suitable regions of the 86 Dao-di herbs in Sichuan are determined by remote sensing and GIS spatial analysis of the suitable environmental indicators of these Dao-di herbs. Our study is beneficial to the rational distribution of the production and to improvement of the quality of traditional Chinese medicine in Sichuan province.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal/classification
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5819-5828, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878845

ABSTRACT

In this paper, through the collection and collation of ancient herbs, medical books and prescriptions, combined with modern literature, the historical changes of the name, origin, position, medicinal parts, collection, processing and processing of bluegrass were systematically combed and verified.It can be seen from the research that bluegrass was first used as medicine by the fruit, namely blueberry, which was originally Polygonum tinctorium. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, blueberry was rarely used, and it has been no longer used medicinally. In the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the medicinal parts extended to the stems and leaves, and most of them used juice as medicine.Since the Tang Dynasty, origin has been extended to Isatis indigotica, Baphicacanthus cusia, Indigofera tinctoria, Compositae plant Wulan, etc. In the Song Dynasty, the medicinal parts extended to the roots, and the "Banlangen" began to appear, and gradually became the main medicinal parts of blue medicinal materials, the main base of which was B. cusia. Since the Qing Dynasty, I. indigotica, a Cruciferae, has gradually become a genuine indigo root, while B. cusia has become a southern indigo root. It was the first mineral dye imported from abroad for thrush, and then used as medicine, also known as clam powder. Because it was found that it had the same effect with the extract of bluegrass, it was also named indigo naturalis in China, which has lasted till now. The main stream of Isatidis Folium in the past dynasties is the dry stem and leaf of Clerodendrum cyrtophylum. Since the Qing Dynasty, the stem and leaf of Isatis indigotica, P. tinctorium and other blue grasses have been gradually mixed as substitutes and gradually become the mainstream.


Subject(s)
China , Clerodendrum , Isatis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5496-5502, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008426

ABSTRACT

In this paper,the name,origin,producing area,harvesting and processing changes of Paeonia lactiflora used in classical prescriptions were studied by textual research of herbal medicine and field investigation. Chinese herbaceous peony wasn' t distinguished before the Northern and Southern Dynasties; Tao Hongjing proposed that there were two kinds of P. lactiflora in the Northern and Southern Dynasties,but they were not clearly defined; since the Song and Yuan Dynasties,the method of distinguishing P. lactiflora by flower color and root color was proposed. In the Ming Dynasty,people put forward the criteria similar to modern ones,that is,to divide red peony and white peony by means of harvesting and processing,and to continue for future generations. Since modern times,different growth patterns and processing methods have been used to classify red peony and white peony. Paeoniae Radix Alba has gradually formed three major cultivation genuine producing areas: Hangzhou,Sichuan and Bozhou,while Paeoniae Radix Rubra in modern times has praised the wild medicinal materials produced in Inner Mongolia,Toronto and other places. According to textual research,Paeoniae Radix Alba was highly praised in Song Dynasty. When people in Song Dynasty revised the previous literature,they changed " Shaoyao" into " Baishao" and continued to use Paeoniae Radix Alba for future generations. Therefore,the origin of P. lactiflora in classical prescriptions before the Song Dynasty should be determined by the combination of prescription function and prescription meaning evolution; After the Song Dynasty,the origins of " Red Paeonia Root" and " White Paeonia Root" in prescriptions are basically the same as those in today's prescriptions,which should be recorded in ancient prescriptions. For the medicinal flavor of " Paeonia Root" recorded in prescriptions after the Song Dynasty,the origins can be determined by functional domination and the evolution of prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/history , History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , History, 17th Century , History, Medieval , Paeonia , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal
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