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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 28(7): 1993-2002, jul. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447837

ABSTRACT

Resumo O beribéri é a manifestação clínica da deficiência grave e prolongada de tiamina (vitamina B1). Doença negligenciada que acomete a população de baixa renda, em situação de insegurança alimentar e nutricional. O objetivo do estudo foi comparar casos de beribéri em indígenas com casos em não indígenas no Brasil. Trata-se de estudo transversal de casos notificados de beribéri no período de 2013 a 2018, no formulário do SUS (FormSUS) do Ministério da Saúde. Foram comparados os casos em indígenas e em não indígenas pelo teste qui-quadrado ou teste exato de Fisher com nível de significância de p < 0,05. No período estudado foram notificados no país 414 casos de beribéri, sendo 210 (50,7%) indígenas. Referiram consumo de bebidas alcoólicas 58,1% dos indígenas e 71,6% dos não-indígenas (p = 0,004); adicionalmente, 71,0% dos indígenas consumiam caxiri (bebida alcoólica tradicional fermentada). Relataram fazer esforço físico diário 76,1% dos indígenas e 40,2% dos não-indígenas (p <0 ,001). Conclui-se que o beribéri no país acomete mais indígenas e está relacionado ao consumo de álcool e ao esforço físico.


Abstract Beriberi is the clinical manifestation of severe and prolonged thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. It is a neglected disease that affects low-income populations facing food and nutrition insecurity. The aim of this study was to compare cases of beriberi among indigenous and non-indigenous people in Brazil. We conducted a cross-sectional study using data on cases of beriberi during the period July 2013-September 2018 derived from beriberi notification forms available on the FormSUS platform. Cases in indigenous and non-indigenous patients were compared using the chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test, adopting a significance level of 0.05. A total of 414 cases of beriberi were reported in the country during the study period, 210 of which (50.7%) were among indigenous people. Alcohol consumption was reported by 58.1% of the indigenous patients and 71.6% of the non-indigenous patients (p = 0.004); 71.0% of the indigenous patients reported that they consumed caxiri, a traditional alcoholic drink. Daily physical exertion was reported by 76.1% of the indigenous patients and 40.2% of the non-indigenous patients (p < 0.001). It is concluded that beriberi disproportionately affects indigenous people and is associated with alcohol consumption and physical exertion.

2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(6): 554-556, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285357

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Paraguayan War ended 150 years ago. Back then, there were outbreaks of combatants' limb weakness and tingling related to "palustrian cachexia", not clearly funded at the time on nutritional deficiency, the use of native flora to feed troops, and alcoholism. We report a case of a soldier with ascending paralysis, mental confusion and finally tetraplegia with preserved oculomotricity. This would probably be a case of locked-in syndrome (LIS) due to Gayet-Wernicke's encephalopathy consequent to thiamine deficiency. The role of thiamine in the peripheral or central nervous system expression was shown decades later to be related to poor diet, or use of foods containing thiaminase or thiamine antagonists, worsened by the fact that the bodily stores of thiamine are restricted, and deficits may grow fast.


RESUMO A Guerra do Paraguai terminou há 150 anos. Houve surtos de fraqueza dos membros dos combatentes e parestesias relacionadas à "caquexia palustre", não claramente fundamentados na época sobre deficiência nutricional, o uso da flora nativa para alimentar as tropas e o alcoolismo. Referimo-nos a um caso de um militar com paralisia ascendente, confusão mental e finalmente tetraplegia com oculomotricidade preservada. Esse relato seria provavelmente devido a um caso de "síndrome do encarceramento" secundário à encefalopatia de Gayet-Wernicke consequente à deficiência de tiamina. O papel da tiamina na expressão periférica ou do SNC foi previsto décadas mais tarde em relação a uma dieta pobre, ou ao uso de alimentos contendo tiamina ou antagonistas da tiamina, agravado pelo fato de que as reservas corporais de tiamina são restritas, e os déficits podem se manifestar rapidamente.

3.
Rev.Soc. Bras. Clín. Med. ; 19(4): 242-245, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401231

ABSTRACT

A síndrome de Wernicke-Korsakoff é uma rara encefalopatia desencadeada pela deficiência de tiamina, uma vitamina do complexo B, que atua como importante cofator de enzimas responsáveis pela manutenção da homeostase da energia cerebral. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 18 anos, gestante, com diagnóstico prévio de pancreatite aguda biliar, que evoluiu à hiperêmese gravídica e à Wernicke-Korsakoff. Objetivamos, com este trabalho, chamar a atenção para a importância do diagnóstico imediato dessa síndrome diante de seu potencial em causar danos cerebrais irreversíveis, caso não tratada precocemente.


Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a rare encephalopathy triggered by deficiency of thiamine, a B-complex vitamin, which acts as an important cofactor of enzymes responsible for maintaining brain energy homeostasis. We present the case of an 18-year-old pregnant woman with previous diagnosis of acute biliary pancreatitis, who developed hyperemesis gravidarum and Wernicke-Korsakoff. With this work, we aim to draw attention to the importance of the immediate diagnosis of this syndrome in view of its potential to cause irreversible brain damage if not treated early.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Thiamine Deficiency , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Korsakoff Syndrome/diagnosis , Hyperemesis Gravidarum , Case Reports , Nervous System Diseases
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 672-675, Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144165

ABSTRACT

Abstract Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is an acute neurological disorder resulting from vitamin B1 deficiency, which is common in chronic alcoholism. We report a rare case of WE due to hyperemesis gravidarum in a 25-year-old pregnant patient at 13 weeks and 5 days of gestation. Initially, the disease manifested as weakness, mental confusion, anterograde amnesia, and visual and auditory hallucinations. The diagnosis was established after the detection of suggestive findings of WE in the thalamus by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a rapid improvement in the patient's clinical status subsequent to treatment with thiamine. Hyperemesis is a rare cause of WE, which makes the reported case important in the literature and reinforces the need for attention in clinical practice to rare but important complications of this common condition (hyperemesis gravidarum).


Resumo A encefalopatia de Wernicke (EW) é uma condição neurológica aguda resultada da deficiência de vitamina B1, muito comum em etilistas crônicos. Relatamos um caso de EW secundário a um quadro de hiperêmese gravídica em uma gestante de 25 anos de idade e 13 semanas e 5 dias de idade gestacional. Inicialmente essa desordem se manifestou como fraqueza, confusão mental, amnésia anterógrada, e alucinações auditivas e visuais. O diagnóstico foi estabelecido depois da detecção de achados sugestivos de EW na ressonância nuclear magnética e da melhora do quadro clínico com reposição de tiamina. A hiperêmese gravídica não é uma causa comum de EW, o que faz com que o presente relato de caso tenha importância na literatura e reforça a necessidade de atenção na prática clínica para complicações raras mas importantes desse quadro tão comum (hiperêmese gravídica).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Diagnosis , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Hyperemesis Gravidarum/diagnosis , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Wernicke Encephalopathy/complications , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperemesis Gravidarum/complications
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(6): 376-381, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1012756

ABSTRACT

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is the morphological characterization for softening of brain gray matter, and excess sulfur intake is one of its main causes. This study describes an outbreak of this disease in 1-to-3-month-old calves in a farm located in Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The herd consisted of 27 Jersey male calves whose diet was composed of initial feed, ground whole corn, and mineral salt. From this herd, 10 animals became ill, showing signs of apathy, anorexia and blindness, evolving to generalized weakness and death. Necropsy was performed in three of these animals, which showed flattening of the cerebral convolutions in addition to softened, yellowish areas in the cerebral cortex. Histopathological examination revealed deep laminar necrosis associated with perineuronal and perivascular edema, as well as neurons with wrinkled, eosinophilic, or vacuolated cytoplasm. The following sulfur doses were observed: 8,010mg/kg in corn, 6,385mg/kg in initial feed, 1,060mg/kg in mineral salt and 2.3mg/L in water, reaching dose values far above the accepted, totaling a daily intake of approximately 6,533.5mg sulfur/animal/day. As differential diagnosis, lead was dosed in the kidneys and liver of the three calves, with negative results. Also, the calf that sickened last was treated with 20mg/kg thiamin and 0.2mg/kg dexamethasone (IM; QID) for three days and eventually recovered. According to anatomopathological findings, excess sulfur intake and therapeutic diagnosis, sulfur poisoning was suggested as the cause of PEM in these 1-to-3-month-old calves. Occurrence of PEM is rare in calves at such a young age.(AU)


A polioencefalomalacia (PEM) é a caracterização morfológica para o amolecimento da substância cinzenta encefálica, e uma de suas principais etiologias é a ingestão excessiva de enxofre. Este trabalho descreve um surto desta enfermidade em bezerros de um a três meses de idade em uma propriedade de Santa Catarina. O lote era composto por 27 bezerros machos da raça Jersey, com alimentação composta por ração inicial, milho inteiro triturado e sal mineral. Deste lote, 10 animais adoeceram, apresentando sinais de apatia, anorexia e cegueira, com evolução para fraqueza generalizada. Nove bezerros morreram e três foram submetidos a necropsia, que demonstraram achatamento das circunvoluções cerebrais além de áreas de amolecimento e coloração amarelada no córtex cerebral. Realizou-se exame histopatológico que evidenciou necrose laminar profunda associada a edema perineuronal e perivascular, além de neurônios com citoplasma enrugado, eosinofílico ou vacuolizado. A dosagem de enxofre resultou em 8010mg/Kg no milho, 6385mg/Kg na ração, 1060mg/Kg no sal mineral e 2,3mg/L na água, atingindo valores muito acima do tolerado, totalizando a ingestão diária de cerca de 6533,5mg de enxofre/animal/dia. Como diagnóstico diferencial realizou-se dosagem de chumbo de amostras de rim e fígado dos três bezerros com resultado negativo. Ainda, o último bovino a adoecer foi tratado com 20mg/Kg de tiamina e 0,2mg/Kg de dexametasona IM, QID, durante três dias e recuperou-se. De acordo com os achados anatomopatológicos e o excesso de enxofre na dieta, sugere-se que a intoxicação por enxofre seja a causa de PEM nestes bezerros de um a três meses de idade, sendo essa enfermidade rara em bovinos tão jovens.(AU)


Subject(s)
Infant , Wernicke Encephalopathy/classification , Nervous System Diseases , Thiamine
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(3): 295-301, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959518

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La hiperémesis gravídica (HG) es una condición frecuente en el embarazo, que puede resultar en complicaciones potencialmente letales como la encefalopatía de Wernicke (EW), síndrome que al ser reconocido y tratado tardíamente puede traducirse en una alta morbi-mortalidad materna y fetal. Objetivo: Describir el primer caso de EW secundario a HG en Colombia y realizar una revisión de la literatura publicada sobre su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Materiales y métodos: Se describe un caso de EW secundario a HG en el que se brindó un manejo interdisciplinario. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura con los términos "encefalopatía de Wernicke", "hiperémesis gravídica" y "embarazo" incluyendo reportes de casos, series de casos, artículos de revisión, investigaciones originales o cartas al editor en inglés, español y francés, en donde se analizaron el método y tiempo del diagnóstico, pauta de tratamiento y estado funcional final. Resultados: Se incluyeron 69 publicaciones y se identificaron 89 casos. En 23 de ellos se presentó pérdida gestacional, sólo en el 12,4% de los casos se reportó el nivel de tiamina, de los cuales en el 90% se encontraba disminuido y de los casos en donde se reportó estado funcional final en el 5,9% la gestante falleció. Conclusión: La EW secundaria a HG es una complicación potencialmente letal. Debe sospecharse ante cualquier alteración neurológica e historia de emesis persistente. El diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno interdisciplinario son fundamentales para disminuir el riesgo de secuelas que limitan la capacidad funcional con alto impacto en la calidad de vida.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a frequent condition in pregnancy, which can result in potentially lethal complications such as Wernicke encephalopathy (WE), a syndrome that can be translated into a high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality if it is recognized and treated late. Objective: To describe the first case of WE due to HG in Colombia and to review the published literature about its diagnosis and treatment. Materials and methods: We describe a case of WE due to HG with an interdisciplinary approach. A review of the literature was performed with the terms "Wernicke's encephalopathy", "hyperemesis gravidarum" and "pregnancy" including case reports, case series, review articles, original investigations or letters to the editor in English, Spanish and French, where the method and time of the diagnosis, treatment regimen and sequelae were analyzed. Results: Sixty-nine publications were included and 89 cases were identified. In 23 of them had a gestational loss, only in 12.4% of the cases the thiamine level was reported, in which 90% was diminished and in the cases where the final functional status was reported in 5.9% of the pregnant woman died. Conclusion: WE due to HG is a potentially lethal complication. In any neurological disturbance and history of persistent emesis it should be suspected. Timely interdisciplinary diagnosis and treatment are essential to reduce the risk of sequelae that limit functional capacity with a high impact on quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Hyperemesis Gravidarum/complications , Quality of Life , Thiamine Deficiency , Vitamin B Complex/administration & dosage , Wernicke Encephalopathy/etiology , Wernicke Encephalopathy/drug therapy
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(3): 153-156, jun. 2017.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887326

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. El síndrome de anemia megaloblástica sensible a la tiamina (TRMA, por sus siglas en inglés), también conocido como síndrome de Rogers, se caracteriza por presentar anemia megaloblástica, hipoacusia neurosensorial y diabetes mellitus. Las alteraciones en el transporte de la tiamina hacia las células se deben a mutaciones homocigotas o heterocigotas compuestas en el gen SLC19A2. Presentación de un caso. Presentamos el caso de una niña que manifestaba sordera neurosensorial tratada con una prótesis auditiva, diabetes con necesidad de insulina y anemia macrocítica, tratada con tiamina (100 mg/día). El nivel de hemoglobina mejoró hasta alcanzar 12,1 g/dl después de aumentar la dosis terapéutica de tiamina hasta 200 mg/día. Conclusión. Se debe evaluar a los pacientes con TRMA para detectar anemia megaloblástica, hipoacusia neurosensorial y diabetes mellitus. Se les debe dar seguimiento para determinar la respuesta de la enfermedad hematológica y de la diabetes después de la terapia con tiamina. La dosis terapéutica de tiamina puede aumentarse según la respuesta clínica. Debe proporcionarse asesoramiento genético.


Background. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome (TRMA), also known as Rogers syndrome, is characterized by megaloblastic anemia, sensorineural hearing loss, and diabetes mellitus. Disturbances of the thiamine transport into the cells results from homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the SLC19A2 gene. Case presentation. We report a girl which presented with sensorineural deafness treated with a hearing prosthesis, insulin requiring diabetes, macrocytic anemia, treated with thiamine (100 mg/day). Hemoglobin level improved to 12.1 g/dl after dose of thiamine therapy increased up to 200 mg/day. Conclusion. Patients with TRMA must be evaluated for megaloblastic anemia, sensorineural hearing loss, and diabetes mellitus. They must be followed for response of hematologic and diabetic after thiamine therapy. It should be kept in mind that dose of thiamine therapy may be increased according to the clinical response. Genetic counseling should be given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Thiamine Deficiency/congenital , Thiamine Deficiency/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Anemia, Megaloblastic/genetics , Mutation
8.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 85(2): 92-101, feb. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-892511

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: la encefalopatía de Wernicke se origina por el déficit de vitamina B1 y sus características sobresalientes son: triada de confusión, ataxia y oftalmoplejia. Cuando hay déficit de memoria o aprendizaje se denomina síndrome de Wernicke-Korsakoff. CASO CLÍNICO: se comunica el caso de una paciente en su primer embarazo, de 18 semanas de gestación, con varios ingresos al hospital por hiperemesis gravídica; acudió al servicio de Urgencias por un cuadro de pérdida progresiva de fuerza en las extremidades inferiores. A los cinco días del ingreso tuvo empeoramiento del estado general. A la exploración física se identificó nistagmus horizonto-rotatorio, bilateral, espontáneo, tetraparesia flácida de predominio proximal, con arreflexia global de predominio en EEII y pérdida de tono de los esfínteres. La paciente se encontraba confusa, desorientada y repetitiva en su discurso. Se inició tratamiento con tiamina parenteral, por sospecha de polineuropatía metabólica por déficit de tiamina; el nistagmus y el cuadro de confusión disminuyeron. Un mes más tarde se programó para tratamiento intensivo de rehabilitación. La evolución del embarazo trascurrió con normalidad y continuó en tratamiento con tiamina y antieméticos, con estabilidad y control del cuadro. CONCLUSIÓN: la encefalopatía de Wernicke es una padecimiento de frecuencia excepcional, pero de consecuencias muy graves; de ahí la importancia de tenerlo en mente en pacientes embarazadas susceptibles de padecerlo y poner en práctica las medidas de profilaxis adecuada que eviten su aparición y las secuelas.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Wernicke's encephalopathy, caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, is characterised by the triad of confusion, ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. If memory or learning deficits appear simultaneously, it is known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. CLINICAL CASE: We present the case of a primigravida in her 18th week of pregnancy who had been suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum. She came to the emergency unit because of progressive loss of strength in her lower limbs. Five days after her admission, a deterioration of her general condition was observed. The examination revealed bilateral spontaneous horizontal-rotatory nystagmus, flaccid tetraparesis with proximal predominance, global areflexia predominantly in the lower limbs and loss of sphincters tone. The patient was confused, disoriented and repetitive in her speech. Parenteral vitamin B1 was initiated as a metabolic polineuropathy due to thiamine insufficiency was suspected. As a result the symptoms of nystagmus and confusion subsided. Intensive physical therapy was programmed in a rehabilitation unit 1 month later. Pregnancy developed normally and she continued with thiamine and antiemetic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Wernicke's encephalopathy is an infrequent pathology, but its consequences may be really serious. This is the reason why it is paramount to take into account this entity in pregnant women liable to develop it and to carry out adequate prophylaxis to prevent its appearance and development of posterior sequels.

9.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 84: e0082016, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-981752

ABSTRACT

The citrus pulp can be used as a substitute in ruminant feed reducing costs and maintaining the nutritional quality of food. However, this compound should be used carefully so as not to cause harm to the animals. The present report aims to describe the occurrence of dental erosion, actinomycosis and polioencephalomalacia in sheep raised and kept with a wet low pectin citrus pulp based diet, composing 50% of roughage. Actinomycosis was diagnosed in five animals through clinical and radiographic examinations and microbiological culture, and, after treatment, three animals were cured. Polioencephalomalacia was confirmed in ten animals by clinical diagnostics, in nine out of ten animals by therapeutic diagnosis, and in one animal by post-mortem anatomopathological examination. According to the observed, we recommend caution when large amounts of citrus pulp are used as bulky food.(AU)


A polpa cítrica está entre os produtos que podem ser utilizados como substitutos na alimentação de ruminantes, diminuindo os gastos e mantendo a qualidade nutricional do alimento fornecido aos animais, porém, esses alimentos devem ser utilizados de forma que não tragam malefícios. Assim, o presente relato visa apresentar a ocorrência de erosão dentária, actinomicose e polioencefalomalácia em ovinos criados e mantidos recebendo alimentação à base de polpa cítrica úmida despectinada na concentração de 50% do volumoso. A actinomicose foi diagnosticada em cinco animais por meio de exame clínico, radiográfico e cultivo microbiológico, e após tratamento três animais foram curados. Já a polioencefalomalácia foi confirmada em dez animais pelos sintomas manifestados, eficiência da terapia instituída em nove animais e exame anatomopatológico de um animal que veio a óbito. De acordo com o observado, deve-se ter cuidado ao utilizar grande quantidade de polpa cítrica úmida como volumoso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Erosion , Ruminants , Actinomycosis , Sheep , Citrus , Animal Feed
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(supl.1): 772-780, 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902256

ABSTRACT

La psicosis de Korsakoff (PK) es una de las causas más frecuentes de amnesia. Se caracteriza por confusión mental, deterioro de la memoria reciente y confabulación. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad, fumador de un paquete al día, durante más de 35 años, bebedor de riesgo, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial e hipercolesterolemia. Se diagnosticó como psicosis de Korsakoff debido al déficit de tiamina o vitamina B1. La psicosis de Korsakoff es un síndrome amnésico que puede presentarse precedido o no de encefalopatía de Wernicke (EW), por lo que se diagnostican menos casos de los que en realidad existen. Por ello, es un problema frecuentemente infradiagnosticado en los centros de salud lo que resulta interesante el conocimiento de esta patología (AU).


Korsakoff psychosis is one of the most frequent causes of amnesia. It is characterized by mental confusion, impairment of the recent memory and confabulation. It is presented the case of a male patient, aged 53 years, who smoked 1 packet of cigarettes a day during more than 35 years, risk drinker with antecedents of arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. He was diagnosed as Korsakoff psychosis due to the thiamine or B1 vitamin deficit. Korsakoff psychosis is an amnesic syndrome that may be preceded or not by Wernicke encephalopathy, so there are diagnosed fewer cases than those truly existing. That is why it is a problem frequently underdiagnosed in health care institutions, making interesting this disease´s knowledge (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wernicke Encephalopathy/epidemiology , Korsakoff Syndrome/epidemiology , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Korsakoff Syndrome/complications , Korsakoff Syndrome/diagnosis , Korsakoff Syndrome/genetics , Korsakoff Syndrome/pathology , Alcohol Amnestic Disorder/diagnosis , Alcohol Amnestic Disorder/rehabilitation , Alcohol Amnestic Disorder/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology
11.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 10(4): 370-372, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We present a case report of motor and cognitive disorders in a 36-year-old woman with a history of twelve years of heavy alcohol abuse. The patient presented depressive symptoms over the course of one year after a loss in the family, evolving with ataxia, bradykinesia and choreiform movements. Progressive cognitive decline, sleep alterations and myalgia were also reported during the course of disease evolution. Physical examination revealed spastic paraparesis with fixed flexion of the hips and knees with important pain upon extension of these joints. Initial investigation suggested the diagnosis of thiamine deficiency by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


RESUMO Um relato de caso de transtornos motor e cognitivo em uma mulher de 36 anos, com história de doze anos de abuso de álcool. A paciente apresentou sintomas depressivos ao longo de um ano após uma perda na família, evoluindo com ataxia, bradicinesia e movimentos coreiformes. O declínio cognitivo progressivo, alterações do sono e mialgia também foram relatados durante o curso da evolução da doença. O exame físico demonstrou paraparesia espástica com flexão fixa dos quadris e joelhos com dor importante na extensão dessas articulações. A investigação inicial sugeriu o diagnóstico de deficiência de tiamina por ressonância magnética cerebral (MRI).


Subject(s)
Humans , Thiamine Deficiency , Wernicke Encephalopathy , Chorea , Dementia , Movement Disorders
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 23(3-4): 200-205, jul./dez. 2016. il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987610

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la cocarboxilasa sobre los parámetros productivos y niveles sanguíneos de glucosa y lipídos en pollos de carne. Fueron utilizados 11004 pollos machos de 1 día de edad los cuales fueron distribuidos al azar en 3 tratamientos con 4 repeticiones (917 pollos por cada repetición) y criados de forma convencional por 42 días. Los grupos formados fueron T1 (Dieta convencional), T2 (Dieta modificada, reducción del porcentaje de aceite de soya y la adición de cocarboxilasa) y T3 (Dieta modificada, reducción del porcentaje de aceite de soya y sin cocarboxilasa). El grupo tratado con cocarboxilasa (T2) obtuvo mayor peso final y ganancia de peso comparado con los otros dos tratamientos. La inclusión de cocarboxilasa tuvo influencia positiva en el peso por lo que podria ser utilizada como reemplazo parcial del aceite de soya utilizado en la dieta de pollos de carne.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cocarboxylase on productive performance, blood glucose and lipid profile in broilers. A total of 11004 one-day-old male broiler chickens were randomly allocated into 1 of 3 treatments with 4 replicates per treatment (917 chickens per replicate) and conventionally reared until 42 days old. The treatments were T1 (Conventional diet), T2 (Modified diet, reducing a percentage soybean oil and the addition of cocarboxylase) and T3 (Modified diet, reducing a percentage soybean oil without cocarboxylase). Broilers supplemented with cocarboxylase (T2) resulted in higher final weight and weight gain compared with the others treatments. The inclusion of cocarboxylase had positive influence on weight, which suggests its usefulness as a partial replacement of the oil used in chicken diets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Thiamine Pyrophosphate , Chickens , Meat
13.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 75: 1-9, 2016. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-835641

ABSTRACT

O teste de ativação da transcetolase eritrocitária (TK-E) pelo pirofosfato de tiamina (TPP) exógeno é um método indireto para mensurar a tiamina (vitamina B1). A diminuição da atividade da transcetolase eritrocitária e o aumento da estimulação in vitro com o TPP maior do que 17% indicam deficiência de tiamina. Este é um método plausível, pois são nos eritrócitos que estão concentradas a maior parte desta vitamina. Em virtude de surtos de beribéri que tem ocorrido no Brasil desde 2006, o Instituto Adolfo Lutz (IAL), como Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública, propôs a implantação desse método para auxiliar na investigação de novos surtos ou de casos isolados. Foram avaliados o teste de precisão, a linearidade, a estabilidade do hemolisado e da amostra, e estimados os limites de detecção e de quantificação. A atividade da TK-E sem ativação pelo TPP foi de 0,732 UI/gHb e com ativação foi de 0,827 UI/gHb. Todos os resultados dos parâmetros avaliados neste estudo apresentaram-se dentro dos critérios de aceitabilidade garantindo-se a confiabilidade do método. Fica, assim, disponível mais um ensaio bioquímico para a Rede Pública de Saúde, mas ainda necessário definir os valores de referência para estabelecer os limites clínicos da deficiência de tiamina.


Erythrocyte transketolase activation test (TK-E) by exogenous thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)is an indirect method to measure thiamine (vitamin B1). The decrease in the erythrocyte transketolase activity and the increase of in vitro stimulation with TPP greater than 17 % indicate thiamine deficiency. It is a reasonable method as the major portion of this vitamin are concentrated in erithrocytes. Due to the beriberi outbreaks that have occurred in Brazil since 2006, the Adolfo Lutz Institute (IAL), as a Central Public Health Laboratory, proposed the implementation of this method to give support to the investigation on the new outbreaks or isolated cases. The evaluated parameters were precision, linearity, hemolysate and sample stability, and the limits of detection and quantification were estimated. The TK-E activity without activation by TPP was 0.732 UI/gHb, and with activation was 0.827 UI/gHb. All of the results obtained from the evaluated parameters showed to be within the eligibility criteria, ensuring the reliability of the proposed methods.Thus, this method showed to be adequate as biochemical assay for the Public Health Network. However, there is a need to define the reference values to establish the clinical limits of thiamine deficiency.


Subject(s)
Beriberi/diagnosis , Thiamine , Transketolase
14.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 75: 01-09, 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1489538

ABSTRACT

O teste de ativação da transcetolase eritrocitária (TK-E) pelo pirofosfato de tiamina (TPP) exógeno é um método indireto para mensurar a tiamina (vitamina B1). A diminuição da atividade da transcetolase eritrocitária e o aumento da estimulação in vitro com o TPP maior do que 17 % indicam deficiência de tiamina. Este é um método plausível, pois são nos eritrócitos que estão concentradas a maior parte desta vitamina. Em virtude de surtos de beribéri que tem ocorrido no Brasil desde 2006, o Instituto Adolfo Lutz (IAL), como Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública, propôs a implantação desse método para auxiliar na investigação de novos surtos ou de casos isolados. Foram avaliados o teste de precisão, a linearidade, a estabilidade do hemolisado e da amostra, e estimados os limites de detecção e de quantificação. A atividade da TK-E sem ativação pelo TPP foi de 0,732 UI/gHb e com ativação foi de 0,827 UI/gHb. Todos os resultados dos parâmetros avaliados neste estudo apresentaram-se dentro dos critérios de aceitabilidade garantindo-se a confiabilidade do método. Fica, assim, disponível mais um ensaio bioquímico para a Rede Pública de Saúde, mas ainda necessário definir os valores de referência para estabelecer os limites clínicos da deficiência de tiamina.


Erythrocyte transketolase activation test (TK-E) by exogenous thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) is an indirect method to measure thiamine (vitamin B1). The decrease in the erythrocyte transketolase activity and the increase of in vitro stimulation with TPP greater than 17 % indicate thiamine deficiency. It is a reasonable method as the major portion of this vitamin are concentrated in erithrocytes. Due to the beriberi outbreaks that have occurred in Brazil since 2006, the Adolfo Lutz Institute (IAL), as a Central Public Health Laboratory, proposed the implementation of this method to give support to the investigation on the new outbreaks or isolated cases. The evaluated parameters were precision, linearity, hemolysate and sample stability, and the limits of detection and quantification were estimated. The TK-E activity without activation by TPP was 0.732 UI/gHb, and with activation was 0.827 UI/gHb. All of the results obtained from the evaluated parameters showed to be within the eligibility criteria, ensuring the reliability of the proposed methods. Thus, this method showed to be adequate as biochemical assay for the Public Health Network. However, there is a need to define the reference values to establish the clinical limits of thiamine deficiency.


Subject(s)
Beriberi/diagnosis , Erythrocytes , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/analysis , Transketolase/analysis , Clinical Enzyme Tests , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Hematologic Tests
15.
Acta méd. colomb ; 40(4): 338-344, oct.-dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-949485

ABSTRACT

La neurotoxicidad de los medicamentos antineoplásicos es un fenómeno de relativa frecuencia, que ocurre principalmente sobre el sistema nervioso periférico y más comúnmente con fármacos citotóxicos como platinos, taxanos y derivados de la vinca. La toxicidad sobre el sistema nervioso central asociado al uso del 5-fluorouracilo es por el contrario un evento poco común, pero no por ello menos importante. El clínico debe aprender a reconocer y tratar las dos variedades de esta condición médica: la encefalopatía aguda y la leucoencefalopatía subaguda; cada una con fisiopatología, manifestaciones clínicas y tratamiento diferentes. La siguiente presentación de casos ejemplifica estas dos variedades y brinda elementos diagnósticos y terapéuticos para cada una de ellas. (ActaMed Colomb 2015; 40: 338-344).


The neurotoxicity of anticancer drugs is a relatively common phenomenon, occurring mainly on the peripheral nervous system, most commonly with cytotoxic drugs such as platinum, taxanes and vinca derivatives. Toxicity on the central nervous system associated with the use of 5-fluorouracil is on the contrary a rare event, which does not make it less important. The clinician must learn to recognize and treat the two varieties of this medical condition: acute encephalopathy and sub-acute leukoencephalopathy, each with different pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and treatment. The following case presentation illustrates these two varieties and provides diagnostic and therapeutic elements for each one of them. (Acta Med Colomb 2015; 40: 338-344).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Brain Diseases , Thiamine Deficiency , Hyperammonemia , Toxicity , Leukoencephalopathies , Fluorouracil
16.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 31(4): 412-416, oct. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776253

ABSTRACT

La encefalopatía de Wernicke es una emergencia neurológica caracterizada por la tríada clínica clásica de oftalmoplejia, ataxia y alteración del estado mental, que conlleva alta morbimortalidad. Se debe a un déficit de la vitamina B1 (tiamina), que en su forma activa desempeña un papel esencial en el metabolismo de neuronas de áreas específicas del cerebro. Aunque el alcoholismo es la causa más frecuente de este déficit, se han descrito numerosos agentes que pueden alterar la biodisponibilidad o el metabolismo de la tiamina (1), entre las que cabe destacar la cirugía del tracto gastrointestinal, sobre todo tras cirugía bariátrica. Por lo general el cuadro se produce entre las semanas cuatro y doce tras la resección, pero excepcionalmente se han descrito casos que ocurren de forma tardía (años). Presentamos el caso de un paciente intervenido de gastrectomía por un adenocarcinoma antropilórico que desarrolló una encefalopatía de Wernicke a los ocho años de la resección quirúrgica.


Wernicke encephalopathy is a neurological emergency characterized by classic clinical triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and disturbance of mental status, which carries high morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine), which plays an essential role in the metabolism of neurons in specific brain areas. While alcoholism is the most common cause of this syndrome, numerous etiologies have been described that alter the bioavailability or metabolism of thiamine (1), among which are included gastrointestinal tract surgery, mainly bariatric surgery. Usually the onset occurs between week 4 and 12 after resection, but some cases have been rarely described to occur late (years). We report the case of a patient who underwent gastrectomy for a gastric adenocarcinoma who developed Wernicke encephalopathy after 8 years of surgical resection.

17.
Rev. colomb. quím. (Bogotá) ; 43(3): 35-40, Sept.-Dec. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-765627

ABSTRACT

Vitamin loss during irradiation has been claimed as a critical area in food irradiation technology, especially that of thiamine (B1), which has been considered as the most sensitive to radiation. Although it has been suggested that no vitamin deficiency could result from consuming irradiated food, a long debate on the loss of vitamins and other nutrients during food irradiation has been maintained by the lack of experimental studies monitoring decomposition rates at different concentrations and doses. Since thiamine, riboflavin, and pyridoxine are labile vitamins, this study has focused on their radiolytic decomposition in dilute aqueous solutions in the presence of air. The decomposition process was followed by HPLC and UV-spectroscopy. The results obtained in aqueous solutions showed a dependence of the decomposition as a nonlinear function of the dose. Of these three compounds, the decomposition was higher for thiamine than for riboflavin and even less in pyridoxine.


La pérdida de vitaminas durante procesos de irradiación ha sido considerada como un área crítica en la tecnología de irradiación de alimentos, especialmente la tiamina (B1), que ha sido considerada como la más sensible a la radiación ionizante. La deficiencia de vitaminas en humanos no es producida por el consumo de alimentos irradiados, sin embargo, existen debates sobre la pérdida de vitaminas y otros nutrientes provocada por la irradiación de alimentos, esta discusión sigue latente debido a que hay pocos estudios experimentales de la descomposición de vitaminas a diferentes dosis y concentraciones. Esta investigación se centró en el estudio de la descomposición radiolítica de tiamina, riboflavina y piridoxina en soluciones acuosas y en presencia de aire. El proceso de descomposición fue seguido por cromatografía líquida con detección UV. Los resultados obtenidos en soluciones acuosas mostraron una dependencia no lineal entre la descomposición en función de la dosis. De estos tres compuestos, la descomposición fue mayor en tiamina que en riboflavina y menor en la piridoxina.


A perda de vitaminas durante processos de irradiação tem sido considerada uma área crítica na tecnologia de irradiação de alimentos, especialmente no caso da tiamina (B1), que tem sido considerada como a mais sensível à radiação ionizante. Embora a deficiência de vitaminas em seres humanos não seja produzida pelo consumo de alimentos irradiados, longos debates sobre as perdas de vitaminas e outros nutrientes causadas pela irradiação de alimentos tem sido mantidos devido aos estudos experimentais limitados monitorando a proporção da decomposição em diferentes concentrações de vitaminas e doses de radiação aplicadas. Considerando que a tiamina, riboflavina e piridoxina são vitaminas instáveis, o presente estudo focalizou a decomposição radiolítica dessas vitaminas em soluções aquosas diluídas e na presença de ar. O processo de decomposição foi analizado por cromatografia líquida com detecção UV. Os resultados obtidos em soluções aquosas mostraram uma dependência da decomposição como função não linear da dose. Destes três compostos, a descomposição foi mais alta para tiamina que na riboflavina e menor para piridoxina.

18.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(2): 531-536, jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-714304

ABSTRACT

La encefalopatía por hipoxia es causa de discapacidad y requiere de nuevas estrategias terapéuticas. El pirofosfato de tiamina (PPT) es un cofactor esencial de enzimas fundamentales en el metabolismo de la glucosa, cuya disminución puede conducir a la falla en la síntesis de ATP y a la muerte celular. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si la administración de PPT, puede reducir el daño celular en un modelo de hipoxia neonatal en ratas. Animales de 11 días de edad fueron tratados con PPT (130 mg/kg) en dosis única o solución salina, una hora antes del protocolo de hipoxia o al término de ésta. Los cerebros fueron colectados para la evaluación del daño celular. Además, se tomaron muestras sanguíneas para evaluar los indicadores gasométricos de presión de dióxido de carbono (PaCO2) y de oxígeno (PaO2) en sangre arterial y pH. Los resultados muestran que la administración de PPT previa a la inducción de hipoxia, reduce el daño celular y restablece los indicadores gasométricos. Estos datos indican que el uso de PPT reduce el daño inducido por la hipoxia en animales neonatos.


Hypoxic encephalopathy is a leading cause of disability and requires new therapeutic strategies. Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) is an essential cofactor of fundamental enzymes involved in glucose metabolism. TPP reduction may lead to ATP synthesis failure and cell death. The objective of this study was to determine if TPP administration can reduce cellular damage in a model of neonatal hypoxia in rats. Eleven day old animals were treated with TPP (130 mg/kg) as a single dose or with saline solution one hour before the hypoxia protocol or after ending the protocol. The brains were collected to evaluate cellular damage. Blood samples were also collected to evaluate arterial oxygen tension (PaO2), carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) and acidity (pH). The results showed that TPP administration previous to hypoxia induction reduces cellular damage and reestablishes arterial blood gases. These data indicate that TPP use reduces the damage induced by hypoxia in neonatal animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Protective Agents/administration & dosage , Hypoxia/drug therapy , Oxygen/blood , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/pharmacology , Blood Gas Analysis , Brain Diseases/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Animals, Newborn
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 28(3): 168-172, may.-jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-725132

ABSTRACT

El pie diabético representa una de las complicaciones más comunes en pacientes que han tenido una larga evolución. La etiología se circunscribe a la neuropatía, infecciones e isquemia, que actuando en conjunto contribuyen a la secuencia de necrosis tisular, ulceración y gangrena. Lo difícil que resulta su tratamiento hace necesaria la búsqueda de opciones que colaboren en la resolución de esta problemática, que se centra en la hiperglucemia crónica como detonante. El pirofosfato de tiamina o cocarboxilasa realiza múltiples actividades metabólicas y no metabólicas que han sido consideradas importantes en la solución de las alteraciones del diabético por lo que en el presente trabajo se muestran los resultados al emplearlo en pacientes con pie diabético. En un período comprendido entre Enero de 1998 y Julio de 2012 se trataron 29 pacientes con pie diabético: 19 Wagner tipo III y 12 Wagner tipo IV. El manejo consistió en administrar antibióticos, procedimientos quirúrgicos parciales y pirofosfato de tiamina. Se logró el control del proceso infeccioso, la aparición de tejido de granulación y cicatrización de la lesión en un período comprendido entre 2 y 6 meses de acuerdo a la gravedad del problema. Por los datos clínicos y la evolución de los pacientes, se concluye que la administración del pirofosfato de tiamina permitió el control de las disfunciones metabólicas y no metabólicas que conducen a las complicaciones del diabético, por lo que se debe considerar una herramienta para el tratamiento de los diabéticos en general y para el rescate del pie diabético en particular.


Diabetic foot represents one of the most common complications in patients with a long standing disease. The etiology is neuropathy, infections and ischemia that together contribute to the sequence of tissue necrosis, ulceration and gangrene. Since treatment is very difficult, we must look for several options to solve these problems caused by chronic hyperglycemia. Thiamine pyrophosphate or carboxylase perform multiple metabolic and non-metabolic activities that are considered important in the resolution of diabetic impairments, therefore, this work shows the results when using it in patients with diabetic foot. 29 patients with diabetic foot were treated between January 1998 and July 2012: 19 Wagner type III and 12 Wagner type IV. Management was the administration of antibiotics, partial surgical procedures and thiamine pyrophosphate. The infectious process was controlled, the appearance of granulation tissue and scarring of the lesion in a period of 2 to 6 months depending on the severity of the problem. Given the clinical data and evolution of the patients, we conclude that the administration of thiamine pyrophosphate was able to control metabolic and non-metabolic dysfunctions that lead to complications in diabetic patients, therefore we must consider it a tool in the treatment of diabetic patients in general and for diabetic foot salvage in particular.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/therapeutic use , Vitamin B Complex/therapeutic use , Longitudinal Studies
20.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 32(4): 474-484, oct.-dic. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-669094

ABSTRACT

La cirugía bariátrica es un tratamiento que garantiza una pérdida de peso sustancial y duradera, y beneficios tangibles respecto a condiciones médicas asociadas a la obesidad. El aumento del número de cirugías bariátricas ha llevado también a un aumento de las complicaciones relacionadas con ella, incluyendo la encefalopatía de Wernicke y la polineuropatía por deficiencia de vitaminas del complejo B. En este artículo se reporta un caso de encefalopatía de Wernicke siete semanas después de la cirugía, enfatizando en la importancia de reconocer el espectro de la sintomatología para hacer un diagnóstico temprano, que permita intervenir en la fase reversible de esta enfermedad potencialmente letal.


Bariatric surgery is a treatment that guarantees a substantial and lasting weight loss in addition to the tangible benefits relating to obesity-associated medical conditions. The increasing number of bariatric surgeries has revealed an increasing number of complications related to this procedure, including Wernicke´s encephalopathy and vitamin B deficiency polyneuropathies. Herein, a 7-week post-surgery case of Wernicke´s encephalopathy is presented that emphasizes the importance of an early recognition of these symptoms so as to initiate intervention during the reversible phase of these potentially lethal pathologies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Gastric Bypass , Polyneuropathies/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Vitamin B Deficiency/etiology , Wernicke Encephalopathy/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Brain Damage, Chronic/diagnosis , Brain Damage, Chronic/etiology , Coma/diagnosis , Coma/etiology , Diagnostic Errors , Factitious Disorders/diagnosis , Hypothyroidism/complications , Mental Disorders/complications , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Prognosis , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/complications , Risk Factors , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Vitamin B Complex/pharmacokinetics , Vitamin B Deficiency/diagnosis , Wernicke Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Wernicke Encephalopathy/drug therapy , Wernicke Encephalopathy/physiopathology
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