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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546697

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To induce TGF-?1 gene which can increase ECM synthesis into adipose tissue derived stem cells(ADSCs) by employing gene transfer techniques and observe whether TGF-?1 gene could expresse continuously and whether type II collagen and aggrecan are synthesized in order to provide experimental data for constructing tissue-engineering cartilage. [Method]ADSCs were transferred with TGF-?1 gene ,TGF-?1,FN,ColⅡ and aggrecan were detected with RT-PCR and TGF-?1 protein was detected with Western-blot.[Result]RT-PCR demonstrated that the expression of TGF-?1,FN,ColⅡ and aggrecan in the TGF-?1 gene transferred groups increased more evidently than non-gene groups and control groups (P

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543432

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To demonstrate mechanism of ESW in curing osteogetic disorders,we studied expression of some osteogenetic factors in human mesenchymal stem cells(hMSCs)when exposed to ESW.[Method]After success in marrow aspiration,isolation and obtainment optimal experimental energy,a dose of 5kV and 100 times of ESW was applied to hMSCs of passage 1.The expression of IGF-Ⅰ and TGF-?1 were examined by immunocytochemical staining.[Result]The cytochemical staining results showed that expression of IGF-Ⅰ and TGF-?1 appeared at different passage of hMSCs after ESW intervention.Appearance of IGF-Ⅰ was earlier than TGF-?1 which didnt express until passage 7.At the same interval,the expression of IGF-Ⅰ and TGF-?1 in control group difference is lower than ESW group,respectively(P

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541972

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of all-trans retinoic acid(atRA) on the urinary TGF?_1 excretion and glomerular lesion of diabetic rats at early stage.Methods SD rats were randomly assigned into 3 groups: atRA treated group,diabetic control group and normal control group.Streptozotocin(STZ)-induced early diabetic male SD rat were used.The atRA treated group were treated with daily subcutaneous injections atRA of 10mg/kg for 7 days(n=6),and then the excretion of urinary protein and TGF?_1 and NO level of plasma,urine and renal tissue were measured,and pathological changes of their kidneys were observed.Results The diabetic control rats showed increased urinary excretion of protein and TGF?_1 and NO level of plasma,urine and renal tissue and deposit of glomerular matrix,while atRA prevented these changes.Conclusion AtRA can prevent the development of diabetic nephropathy,which is relevant with the inhibition of secretion of TGF?_1 and NO.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561879

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the effect of total flavones of Bidens pilosa L (TFB) on cytokines production in liver fibrosis rats. Methods Rat liver fibrosis was induced by CCl450%, 0.1 ml?(100 g)-1 body weight twice a week for 18 weeks. TFB (160,80,40 mg?kg-1) was used daily via gastrogavage at 9 week. Levels of TNF-? and IL-1? in serum were determinate by radioimmunoassay. Liver samples were collected after experiments and stained by immuninochemistry of TGF-?1 and NF-?B. Moreover TGF-?1 mRNA expression in liver tissue was detected by RT-PCR technology. Results TFB (160, 80 mg?kg-1) could significantly reduce serum TNF-? and IL-1? contents; TFB(160, 80, 40 mg?kg-1) could effectively prevent the expression of NF-?B,as was TGF-?1 of TFB(160, 80 mg?kg-1). Moreover TFB (160, 80 mg?kg-1) could significantly reduce TGF-?1 mRNA in liver fibrosis rats. Conclusion TFB had protective effect on liver fibrosis by its inhibition of cytokine production.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546990

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1) in peripheral blood in patients with bronchial asthma and the effect of traditional Chinese medicine Ligustrazine on it. Methods We recruited 80 normal healthy people as the control group and 160 hospitalized patients, including 80 moderate cases and 80 severe cases of bronchial asthma. TGF-?1 in peripheral blood of the patients was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The patients were treated with conventional therapy or conventional therapy added Ligustrazine; TGF-?1 in peripheral blood before and after treatment was detected and compared. Results The level of peripheral blood TGF-?1 was higher in the patient group than in the control group obviously (P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540195

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-? 1) on the synthesis of FN and ? 5? 1 integrin b y cultured human fibroblast isolated from hypertrophic scars. Methods The influence of TGF-? 1 at concentration of 0, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 ?g/L on the synthesis of FN in dosage was observed using ELISA, an d influence of TGF-? 1 on the synthesis of ? 5? 1 integrin was assessed b y immunohistocytochemistry and image analysis. Results TG F-? 1 could stimulate the human fibroblasts isolated from hypertrophic scars to synthesize FN and? 5? 1 integrin with dose-dependent increase at concent ration of 10~50 ?g/L and the effects TGF-? 1 on the synthesis was the stron g est at concentration of 100 ?g/L. Conclusions TGF-? 1 may exert its function on the formation of hypertrophic scars by stimulating th e synthesis of FN and ? 5? 1 integrin.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538538

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of the transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1) and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the occurrence and development of the pulmonary fibrosis as well as the synthesis and distribution of these two factors in relation to the angiogenesis process of the pulmonary tissues. Methods The rats were randomly assigned to control group (CG) and bleomycin group (BLM) with the same physical conditions. The bleomycin was introduced to the lung tissues of the rats in the BLM group to mimic the pulmonary fibrosis process. The synthesis and distribution of VEGF and TGF-?1 were observed and recorded on day 3, 7, 14, and 28 in both groups by the immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization approaches. The pathological changes of the subjects were also observed and recorded using both the light-microscope and the transmission electron microscope (TEM) on the same dates.Results The BLM group demonstrated the great significance in both of the VEGF and TGF-?1 presentation and the pathological changes in the pulmonary tissues comparing to the CG group. In the BLM group, VEGF and TGF-?1presented dramatically in the early stages of the fibrosis and this phenomenon lasted with the parallel increases of both the factors. This presentation of VEGF and TGF-?1 showed the greatest distribution on day 28 in the lung interstitial cells and the areas of the presentation corresponded to that of the new angiogenesis and the fibrohyperplacia of the pulmonary tissues. The endothelial cells of the lung capillaries were observed to demonstrate early necrosis, separation from the base, and increased penetrance followed by a great amount of angiogenesis with twisted new blood capillaries and blood embolism formation within, which continued to show on day 28 in the BLM group.Conclusion The presentation of VEGF and TGF-?1 is highly corresponded with the angiogenesis of the bleomycin treated pulmonary tissues in the rats. The continued significant presentation of these two factors may relate to the damage of the new formed capillaries or the impairment of the pulmonary tissues in rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of TGF-? 1 and -? 2 in the pathogenesis of scleroderma(SD) and the relationship between this kind of cytokines and the clinical types of SD. Methods The TGF-? 1 and -? 2 mRNA and protein expressions in lesions of 17 patients with SD and 10 normal controls were detected using in situ RT-PCR technique and immunohistochemistry SP assay respectively. Results ①The positive rate and the expression strength of TGF-? 1 mRNA expression in the SD group were much higher than those in control group. There was no difference in TGF-? 1 mRNA expression between the localized SD and SSc patients. ②The positive rate and expression strength of TGF-? 1 and -? 2 proteins in SD group were much higher than those in control group. There was no difference in TGF-? 1 and -? 2 protein expressions between localized SD and SSc cases. Conclusion ①The positive rate and expression strength of TGF-? 1 mRNA in SD patients increased, which implied that TGF-? 1 mRNA may play an important role in fibrosis of SD. ②The positive rate and expression strength of TGF-? 1 and -? 2 proteins were more elevated in SD,which suggested that TGF-? 1 and -? 2 proteins were associated with skin fibrosis of SD. ③There was no relationship between the expression of TGF-? 1 and TGF-? 2 mRNA or proteins and the clinical types of SD, which indicated that there may be a similar pathogenesis for localized SD and SSc.

9.
China Oncology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674822

ABSTRACT

Radiation fibrosis of human normal tissues is very common in radiotherapy. One of the main fundamental problems yet unsolved in fibrotic tissues is the origin of the chronic activation of myofibroblasts within these tissues. It has been postulated by some researchers that this chronic activation results from a continuous production of activating factors. So fibrosis could be defined as a wound where continuous signals for repair are emitted. Cytokines and growth factors probably play a vital role in this process. Among them transforming growth factor ?1(TGF ?1) is considered as a master switch for the fibrotic program. This review discusses recent evidence on the critical role played by TGF ?1 in the initiation, development, and persistence of radiation fibrosis. It summarized the results concerning this factor after irradiation of various tissues and cells. All these researches show that the TGF ?1 pathway may be a specific target for anti fibrotic agents. [

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580261

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects and mechanisms of myocardial injury in schistosome-infected mice.To investigate the effects and mechanisms of quercetin on myocardial injury due to the development of hepatic fibrosis after being treated by Praziquantel.Methods Eighty mice were divided into four groups:group A,group B,group C,and group D.Group A,group B,and group C were infected with Schistosoma japonicum cercariae.After 8 weeks,group A was treated with Praziquantel 500 mg/kg for 2 d,group B was treated with quercetin 30 mg/(kg?d) for 8 weeks after being treated with Praziquantel 500 mg/kg for 2 d.Group C was taken as experimental control without any treatment.Group D was taken as normal control.At the week 16,all mice were sacrificed and a part of liver tissue and myocardium tissue were preserved.HE Staining,electric microscope,RT-PCR,and immunohistochemical technique were applied to observing the changes of hepatic and cardiac histopathology,myocardial ultramicrostructure,the expression of myocardial c-fos,c-jun mRNA,and the contents of myocardial transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1),typeⅠand typeⅢcollagen in mice infected with S.japonicum before and after treatments. Results There was different degree of myocardial injury among three groups of experimental control, Praziquantel treatment,Praziquantel combined with quercetin treatment.Praziquantel treatment relieved the degree of hepatic fibrosis and myocardial injury.The content of myocardial c-fos mRNA,c-jun mRNA,TGF-?1,typeⅠand typeⅢcollagen were obviously reduced compared to the experimental control. When Praziquantel treatment combined with quercetin,the degree of hepatic fibrosis and myocardial injury were further relieved.Although the content of myocardial c-fos mRNA,c-jun mRNA,TGF-?1, typeⅠand thypeⅢcollagen were still higher than those in normal control,those were reduced significantly compared to the group treated with Praziquantel.Conclusion Hepatic cirrhosis due to advanced schistosomiasis may lead to cardiac remodeling by stimulating the expression of immediate early gene and promoting the overexpression of TGF-?in myocardium.Anti-fibrosis therapy can reduce the degree of cardiac remodeling.Quercetin may protect myocardium through reducing the degree of hepatic fibrosis and inhibiting the expression of immediate early gene,which could decrease the level of myocardial TGF-?1.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530218

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the molecular and cellular mechanism of Zaohuang Capsule No.3 (ZHC3) in treating chronic renal failure through observing the effect of ZHC3 on the human glomerular mesangial cells (GMC). Methods The proliferation of human GMC fostered in ZHC3 was detected by MTT, and the fibronectin (FN), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor ?1 (TGF-?1) secretion was detected by ELISA. Results ZHC3 significantly inhibited GMC proliferation (P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of interleukin-18 on transdifferentiation in renal tubular epithelial cells(TECs).Methods:Human proximal tubular epithelial cell line(HK-2) was cultured in vitro.TECs were exposed to different concentrations(0,0.1,1,10 and 100 ng/ml) of IL-18 for 24,48 and 72 hours.At the end of each incubation,the expressions of the ?-SMA and TGF-?_1 mRNA were assessed by RT-PCR,the rate of ?-SMA expressing TECs was assessed by immunocytochemistry,and the expression of the ?-SMA protein was assessed by Western blotting.Results:(1)The expressions of ?-SMA and TGF-?_1 mRNA were increased significantly by a dose- and time-dependent manner when TECs were exposed to IL-18(P

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