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Biol. Res ; 562023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429911


Background The biological tube is a basal biology structure distributed in all multicellular animals, from worms to humans, and has diverse biological functions. Formation of tubular system is crucial for embryogenesis and adult metabolism. Ascidian Ciona notochord lumen is an excellent in vivo model for tubulogenesis. Exocytosis has been known to be essential for tubular lumen formation and expansion. The roles of endocytosis in tubular lumen expansion remain largely unclear. Results In this study, we first identified a dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1 (DYRK1), the protein kinase, which was upregulated and required for ascidian notochord extracellular lumen expansion. We demonstrated that DYRK1 interacted with and phosphorylated one of the endocytic components endophilin at Ser263 that was essential for notochord lumen expansion. Moreover, through phosphoproteomic sequencing, we revealed that in addition to endophilin, the phosphorylation of other endocytic components was also regulated by DYRK1. The loss of function of DYRK1 disturbed endocytosis. Then, we demonstrated that clathrin-mediated endocytosis existed and was required for notochord lumen expansion. In the meantime, the results showed that the secretion of noto-chord cells is vigorous in the apical membrane. Conclusions We found the co-existence of endocytosis and exocytosis activities in apical membrane during lumen formation and expansion in Ciona notochord. A novel signaling pathway is revealed that DYRK1 regulates the endocytosis by phosphorylation that is required for lumen expansion. Our finding thus indicates a dynamic balance between endocytosis and exocytosis is crucial to maintain apical membrane homeostasis that is essential for lumen growth and expansion in tubular organogenesis.

Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244311, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285616


Abstract Tuberculosis is a communicable disease with high morbidity and mortality rates in developing countries. The study's primary objective is to compare conventional methods such as acid-fast bacillus (AFB) culture and microscopy with rapid diagnostic methods. The secondary objective is to compare histopathological and microbiological findings in suspected patients with tubercular lymphadenitis. A total of 111 samples (August 2018 to September 2019) of lymph nodes were processed for AFB microscopy, AFB cultures, drug-susceptibility testing (DST), histopathology, and Xpert Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB)/resistance to Rifampin (RIF) assays. Out of 111 lymph node samples, 6 (5.4%) were positive for AFB smear microscopy, 84 (75.6%) were positive for AFB culture, 80 (70.7%) were positive on Gene Xpert, and 102 (91.8%) were indicative of tuberculosis for histopathology studies. Mycobacteria growth indicator tube (MGIT) culture positivity was 84 (75.6%) higher than solid Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture 74 (66.6%). Positive cultures underwent phenotypic DST. Two cases were Multidrug-resistant (MDR) on DST, while three cases were Rifampicin resistant on Gene Xpert. The sensitivity of Genexpert was (62%) against the conventional AFB culture method. The poor performance of conventional lymphadenitis diagnostic methods requires early and accurate diagnostic methodology. Xpert MTB/RIF test can help in the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB cases. Nonetheless, rapid and conventional methods should be used for complete isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Resumo A tuberculose é uma doença transmissível com altas taxas de morbimortalidade nos países em desenvolvimento. O objetivo principal do estudo é comparar métodos convencionais, como cultura de bacilo álcool-ácido resistente (BAAR) e microscopia, com métodos de diagnóstico rápido. O objetivo secundário é comparar os achados histopatológicos e microbiológicos em pacientes com suspeita de linfadenite tubercular. Um total de 111 amostras (agosto de 2018 a setembro de 2019) de gânglios linfáticos foi processado ​​para microscopia de AFB, culturas de AFB, teste de susceptibilidade a drogas (DST), histopatologia e Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)/ensaios de resistência à rifampicina (RIF). Das 111 amostras de linfonodos, 6 (5,4%) foram positivas para baciloscopia de AFB, 84 (75,6%) foram positivas para cultura de AFB, 80 (70,7%) foram positivas para o GeneXpert e 102 (91,8%) foram indicativas de tuberculose para estudos histopatológicos. A positividade da cultura do tubo indicador de crescimento de micobactérias (MGIT) foi 84 (75,6%), maior que a cultura sólida de Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ), 74 (66,6%). As culturas positivas foram submetidas a DST fenotípico. Dois casos eram multirresistentes (MDR) ao DST, enquanto três casos eram resistentes à rifampicina no GeneXpert. A sensibilidade do GeneXpert foi 62% contra o método convencional de cultura AFB. O fraco desempenho dos métodos convencionais de diagnóstico de linfadenite requer metodologia de diagnóstico precoce e precisa. O teste Xpert MTB/RIF pode ajudar no tratamento de casos de tuberculose multirresistente. No entanto, métodos rápidos e convencionais devem ser usados ​​para o isolamento completo do Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Humans , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Rifampin/pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965919


Objective@# To investigate the effect of cobalt (Co) and calcium-phosphate (Ca/P) doped coating on titanium surfaces and their angiogenic effect.@*Methods @# Microarc oxidation (MAO) was used to prepare Co-Ca/P-doped and Co-doped coatings. Titanium (Ti) sheet without MAO treatment was used as control. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the surface micromorphology of the coatings. Energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) was also applied to detect the doped chemicals and their contents. Standard soaking solutions of these coatings were prepared using an endothelial cell medium (ECM) solution for subsequent angiogenesis experiments. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured on Matrigel with ECM soaking solutions for 4 h and 8 h. The microvessels were observed under a microscope, and the number of microtubules and their interconnecting nodes were analyzed with Image J software. @*Results@# Co doped and Co-Ca/P-doped coatings were successfully prepared by MAO, which was demonstrated by both SEM observation and EDS analysis. SEM observation showed that irregular crystals of the above chemicals were present on both Co and Co-Ca/P-doped coatings, commonly with a diameter <2 μm. However, more crystals were observed on the Co-Ca/P coatings than on the Co coating, and the distribution of the crystals was more homogenous on the Co-Ca/P coatings. However, only polishing scratches were observed on the Ti sample surface. EDS analysis indicated that in contrast to only Co in the Co coating, Co, Ca and P were doped within the Co-Ca/P coating, and none of the three elements were observed on the Ti plate surface. The number of vascular rings and nodes formed by HUVECs in the extract of the Co-Ca/P group was significantly higher than that of the Co group (P<0.05), and the angiogenic effect of these two components was significantly better than that of the Ti group (P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The Co-Ca/P coating exhibits good angiogenic properties in vitro and is valuable for the development of new titanium implants with high surface bioactivity.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 288-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965054


Objective To evaluate the application value of perioperative interventional strategy guided by enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in elderly recipients undergoing liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 405 liver transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to age, all recipients were divided into the elderly (≥60 years, n=122) and non-elderly groups (< 60 years, n=283). All patients received perioperative interventions under the guidance of ERAS. Intraoperative and postoperative indexes, incidence of postoperative complications and discharge were analyzed between two groups. Results There were no significant differences in the duration of anesthesia, operation time, anhepatic phase, hemorrhage volume, blood transfusion volume, lactic acid level before abdominal closure, ventilator-assisted time, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, Caprini score, CHIPPS score, time of gastric tube, urinary tube and drainage tube removal, time to first drinking, time to first physical activity and time to first flatus between two groups (all P > 0.05). In the elderly group, the time to first feeding was later than that in the non-elderly group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of fever, ascites, pulmonary infection, delayed gastric emptying, hemorrhage and inactive venous thrombosis between two groups (all P > 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the levels of aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, serum creatinine before discharge and total length of hospital stay between two groups (all P > 0.05). The alanine aminotransferase level in elderly recipients was lower than that in non-elderly counterparts, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). No unplanned reoperation was performed within postoperative 30 d in two groups. There was no significant difference in the re-hospitalization rate within 30 d after discharge (P > 0.05). Conclusions ERAS-guided interventional strategy contributes to perioperative recovery of elderly recipients undergoing liver transplantation, and yields equivalent postoperative recovery between elderly and non-elderly recipients.

International Eye Science ; (12): 517-521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964260


AIM:To explore the correlation and consistency of three tear assessment methods in the diagnosis of dry eye, which include the Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), tear meniscus height(TMH)measurement and a new generation of tear detection technology-Strip meniscometry tube(SMTube).METHODS: A diagnostic test study. A total of 183 dry eye outpatients(183 right eyes)in the Dry Eye Center of Henan Eye Hospital were enrolled from May to June 2021. The SⅠt, TMH and SMTube were performed on all patients, and the correlation and consistency of the measurement results were analyzed.RESULTS:The ocular surface disease index(OSDI)of all included patients was 43.75(31.25, 58.33), noninvasive breakup time(NIBUT)was 7.26(4.97, 9.37)s, and the results of SⅠt, TMH and SMTube were 6(2, 12)mm/5min, 0.18(0.14, 0.22)mm and 5(3,8)mm/5s, respectively; The results of correlation analysis: TMH was positively correlated with SMTube(rs=0.751, P<0.001), however, SⅠt had no correlation with TMH(rs=0.139, P=0.060)and SMTube(rs=0.019, P=0.799). The results of consistency analysis: TMH showed good consistency with SMTube(Kappa=0.794, P=0.044), however, SⅠt showed poor consistency with TMH(Kappa=0.271, P=0.074)and SMTube(Kappa=0.193, P=0.070)respectively.CONCLUSION:SMTube is a new, simple and convenient tool for evaluating tear volume. It has a good correlation and consistency with TMH measurement results. Therefore, it can replace TMH measurement, but cannot replace SⅠt in clinical application.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953748


@#Objective    To explore the feasibility of early chest tube removal following single-direction uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (S-UVATS) anatomical lobectomy. Methods    The clinical data of consecutive VATS lobectomy by different surgeons in Xuzhou Central Hospital between May 2019 and February 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. Finally, the data of 1 084 patients were selected for analysis, including 538 males and 546 females, with a mean age of 61.0±10.1 years. These patients were divided into a S-UVATS group with 558 patients and a conventional group (C-UVATS) with 526 patients according to the surgical procedures. The perioperative parameters such as operation time, blood loss were recorded. In addition, we assessed the amount of residual pleural effusion and the probability of secondary thoracentesis when taking 300 mL/d and 450 mL/d as the threshold of chest tube removal. Results    Tumor-negative   surgical margin was achieved without mortality in this cohort. As compared with the C-UVATS group, patients in the S-UVATS group demonstrated significantly shorter operation time (P<0.001), less blood loss (P=0.002), lower rate of conversion to multiple-port VATS or thoracotomy (P=0.003), but more stations and numbers of dissected lymph nodes as well as less suture staplers (P<0.001). Moreover, patients in the S-UVATS demonstrated shorter chest tube duration, less total volume of thoracic drainage and shorter postoperative hospital stay, with statistical differences (P<0.001). After excluding patients of chylothorax and prolonged air leaks>7 d, subgroup analysis was performed. First, assuming that 300 mL/d was the threshold for chest tube removal, as compared with the C-UVATS group, patients in the S-UVATS group would report less residual pleural effusion and less necessitating second thoracentesis with residual pleural effusion>500 mL (P<0.05). Second, assuming that 450 mL/d was the threshold for chest tube removal, as compared with the C-UVATS group, the S-UVATS group would also report less residual pleural effusion and less necessitating second thoracentesis with residual pleural effusion>500 mL (P<0.05). Further multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that S-UVATS was significantly negatively related to drainage volume>1 000 mL (P<0.05); whereas combined lobectomy, longer operation time, more blood loss and air leakage were independent risk factors correlated with drainage volume>1 000 mL following UVATS lobectomy (P<0.05). Conclusion    The short-term efficacy of S-UVATS lobectomy is significantly better than that of the conventional group, indicating shorter operation time and less chest drainage. However, early chest tube removal with a high threshold of thoracic drainage volume probably increases the risk of secondary thoracentesis due to residual pleural effusion.

Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(4): 636-642, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421649


Abstract Introduction The Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Patient Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) scale is used to assess the effectiveness of the treatment and to determine the severity of the eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). There is currently no validated Arabic version of the ETDQ-7. Objectives The aim of the present study is to test the validity and the reliability of a translated Arabic version of the ETDQ-7. Methods A multicenter prospective validation study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The ETDQ-7 was adapted and translated into Arabic using a standard validation methodology. Fifty-one patients diagnosed with Eustachian tube dysfunction and 45 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. The known-groups method was used in the validity analysis. The test-retest method, item-total score correlation, and internal consistency analysis were used for the reliability analyses. Result The overall internal consistency of the Arabic ETDQ items was measured using Cronbach α (Cronbach α = 0.803). The average and total ETDQ scores were significantly higher in the ETD group (17.6) than in the control group (9.87) (p < 0.001). The results indicate a good to excellent correlation (> 0.7). The area under the curve for the total ETDQ score was 88.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80.3-96.8%) Conclusion The Arabic version of the ETDQ-7 scale is a valid instrument for evaluating ETD. It can also be used as an important tool for diagnosis, patient follow-up, and treatment management.

Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(5): 701-707, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403943


Abstract Introduction Eosinophilic otitis media is an intractable otitis media and a fairly common middle ear disease. However, the pathogenesis of eosinophilic otitis media is obscure. Objective To observe the pathological and ultrastructural changes of the Eustachian tube mucosal epithelium in rats with eosinophilic otitis media and further explore the pathogenesis of eosinophilic otitis media. Methods Animals were intraperitoneally injected with 2000 mg ovalbumin and 100 mg aluminum hydroxide (alum) on day 0, followed by 100 mg ovalbumin and 100 mg alum injection on days 7 and 14. Next they were topically boosted by daily application of 100 mg ovalbumin solution via nasal drip and intratympanic injection of 0.1 mL ovalbumin (1000 mg/mL) in the right ear (group A, n = 80) and 0.1 mL saline in the left ear as control (group B, n = 80) starting on day 21 and continuing for 14 days. The temporal bones were dissected on the 35th, 38th, 41st and 43rd day separately under anesthesia. Scanning electron microscopy, hematoxylin-eosin and toluidine blue staining were used to observe the pathological and morphological changes of Eustachian tube mucosa stained samples. Moreover, inflammatory cells and cilia were counted. Results The epithelium of the Eustachian tube in group A was swollen and thickened. The cilia were arranged in a disorderly manner and partially detached. Eosinophils infiltrated the submucosal layer of the Eustachian tube, and their number increased significantly compared with that in group B (p< 0.05). Simultaneously, mast cell degranulation was observed in group A. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the cilia were lodged and gathered along the whole length of Eustachian tube in group A. Ciliated cell density was significantly lower than that in Group B (p< 0.01). Conclusion In the eosinophilic otitis media model, allergy caused significant changes in pathology and morphology of the Eustachian tube mucosa, affecting the normal function of the Eustachian tube which played an important role in the occurrence and development of eosinophilic otitis media.

Resumo Introdução A otite média eosinofílica é uma doença relativamente comum de orelha média; entretanto, sua patogênese é ainda obscura, assim como o tratamento. Objetivo Observar as alterações histopatológicas e ultraestruturais do epitélio da mucosa da tuba auditiva em ratos com otite média eosinofílica e investigar a sua patogênese. Método Os animais foram injetados intraperitonealmente com 2.000 mg de ovalbumina e 100 mg de hidróxido de alumínio (alúmen) no dia 0, seguido por 100 mg de ovalbumina e 100 mg de injeção de alúmen nos dias 7 e 14. Em seguida, receberam um reforço tópico através de uma aplicação diária de 100 mg da solução por gotejamento nasal e injeção intratimpânica de 0,1 mL de ovalbumina (1000 mg/mL) na orelha direita (grupo A, n = 80) e 0,1 mL de solução salina na orelha esquerda como controle (grupo B, n = 80), começou no dia 21 e continuou por 14 dias. Os ossos temporais foram dissecados nos dias 35, 38, 41 e 43 separadamente sob anestesia. Foram usadas microscopia eletrônica de varredura e coloração com hematoxilina-eosina e azul de toluidina para observar as alterações histopatológicas e morfológicas das amostras coradas de mucosa da tuba auditiva. Além disso, células inflamatórias e cílios foram contados. Resultados O epitélio da tuba auditiva no grupo A estava edematoso e espessado. Os cílios estavam dispostos de forma desordenada e parcialmente destacados. Os eosinófilos infiltraram a camada submucosa da tuba auditiva e seu número aumentou significantemente em comparação ao grupo B (p < 0,05). Simultaneamente, degranulação dos mastócitos foi observado no grupo A. A microscopia eletrônica de varredura mostrou que os cílios estavam depositados e reunidos ao longo de todo o comprimento da tuba auditiva no grupo A. A densidade das células ciliadas foi significantemente menor do que no grupo B (p < 0,01). Conclusão No modelo de otite média eosinofílica, a alergia causou alterações significativas à histopatologia e na morfologia da mucosa da tuba auditiva, afetou a função normal dela, o que desempenhou um papel importante na ocorrência e no desenvolvimento da otite média eosinofílica.

Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(4): 519-525, Oct.-dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421527


ABSTRACT Introduction: Urgent blood component transfusions may be life-saving for patients in hemorrhagic shock. Measures to reduce the time taken to provide these transfusions, such as uncrossmatched transfusion or abbreviated testing, are available. However, transport time is still an additional delay and the use of a pneumatic tube system (PTS) may be an alternative to shorten the transport time of blood components. Objectives: To assess pneumatic tube system transportation of blood components based on a validation protocol. Methods: Pre- and post-transport quality control laboratory parameters, visual appearance, transport time and temperature of the packed red blood cells (RBCs), thawed fresh plasma (TFP), cryoprecipitate (CR), and platelet concentrate (PC) were evaluated. Parameters were compared between transport via pneumatic tube and courier. Results: A total of 23 units of RBCs, 50 units of TFP, 30 units of CR and ten units of PC were evaluated. No statistically significant differences were found between pre- and post-transport laboratory results. There was also no difference in laboratory parameters between transport modalities (PTS versus courier). All blood components transported matched regulatory requirements for quality criteria. The temperature during transport remained stable and the transport time via PTS was significantly shorter than the courier's transport time (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The PTS was considered a fast, safe and reliable means of transportation for blood components, also securing quality prerequisites.

Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424327


Los disrafismos espinales cerrados tienen una prevalencia aún desconocida e involucran una gran variedad de formas. El lipoma del filum terminal es considerado dentro de los lipomas espinales y suele asociarse a médula anclada. Los estigmas cutáneos lumbosacros no siempre son indicadores de disrafismo espinal cerrado. Reportamos un caso de diagnóstico prenatal de apéndice cutáneo sacro con sospecha de médula anclada, confirmado al nacer como lipoma del filum terminal con médula anclada.

Closed spinal dysraphisms have a still unknown prevalence and involve a wide variety of forms. Lipoma of the filum terminale is considered within spinal lipomas and is usually associated with tethered medulla. Lumbosacral cutaneous stigmata are not always indicative of closed spinal dysraphism. We report a case of prenatal diagnosis of sacral cutaneous appendage with suspected tethered cord, confirmed at birth as lipoma of the filum terminale with tethered cord.

Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 26(3): e5501, mayo.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407870


RESUMEN Introducción: los defectos del cierre del tubo neural son anomalías del sistema nervioso central superadas únicamente por los defectos cardíacos. En Pinar del Río existe un aumento de interrupciones de embarazo por diagnóstico de este defecto, se desconoce si los niveles de ácido fólico en las gestantes influyen en su incidencia. Objetivo: corroborar la relación entre los defectos del cierre del tubo neural en las crías de ratas Wistar y las dosis de ácido fólico administrada en las ratas Wistar gestadas. Métodos: se realizó un estudio experimental en ratas Wistar, se formaron cinco grupos de dos ratas hembras, dos que recibieron dosis de ácido fólico de 100 y 200 microgramos (µg) antes y durante la gestación, dos que recibieron 100 y 200 µg durante la gestación y un grupo control que no recibió ninguna dosis. La muestra estuvo constituida por 212 ratas recién nacidas, sacrificadas bajo normas internacionales. Se extrajo médula y cerebro para observar las anomalías, se tomaron fotomicrografía de los cortes realizados. El nivel de significación para todas las comparaciones estadísticas fue α ≤ 0,05. Resultados: se observaron en total trece espinas bífidas, once en el grupo control (26,19 %) y dos (4,65 %) en el de 200 µg durante la gestación, al comparar el grupo control respecto a los grupos tratados, la variable masa corporal presentaron significación estadística. Se observó que la presencia de espina bífida fue significativa en la hembra con respecto al macho. Conclusiones: se demostró la necesidad esencial de la ingestión de ácido fólico antes y durante la gestación en ratas Wistar y la asociación de espina bífida y sexo, el sexo femenino fue el predominante.

ABSTRACT Introduction: neural tube closure defects are anomalies of the central nervous system surpassed only by cardiac defects. In Pinar del Rio province there is an increase of pregnancy interruptions due to diagnosis of this defect, and it is not known if folic acid levels in pregnant women influence its incidence. Objective: to corroborate the relationship between neural tube closure defects in Wistar rats' pups and the doses of folic acid administered in pregnant Wistar rats. Methods: an experimental study was carried out in Wistar rats, forming five groups of two female rats; two of them received doses of folic acid of 100 and 200 micrograms (µg) before and during gestation, two that received 100 and 200 µg during gestation and a control group that did not receive any dose. The sample consisted of 212 newborn rats, sacrificed under international standards. Marrow and brain were extracted to observe the anomalies, and photomicrographs were taken of the sections made. The significance level for all statistical comparisons was α ≤ 0,05. Results: a total of thirteen spina bifida were observed, eleven in the control group (26,19 %) and two (4,65 %) in the 200 µg group during gestation, when comparing the control group with the treated groups, the body mass variable presented statistical significance. It was observed that the presence of bifid spina was significant in the female with respect to the male. Conclusions: the essential need of folic acid ingestion before and during gestation in Wistar rats and the association of spina bifida and sex were confirmed, being predominant in the female sex.

Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(3): 316-330, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384163


Abstract Introduction The Montgomery T-tube is a device used as a combined tracheal stent and tracheostomy tube to prevent post-operative tracheal stenosis. Objectives The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the outcome following Montgomery T-tube stenting performed in for neck and airway injury in patients with acute blunt laryngotracheal trauma over a period of 12 years. Methods Between 2005 and 2017, 19 patients with acute blunt laryngotracheal trauma underwent Montgomery T-tube stenting. All 19 laryngotracheal trauma patients had undergone a preoperative tracheostomy in the emergency department by an ENT surgeon. Montgomery T-tube stenting was done later through an external approach. The follow up period ranged from 2 to 10 years. The Montgomery T-tube was removed after a period ranging from 6 months to 1½ year. Results The majority of patients in the study were in the age group of 21-30 years. A preoperative tracheostomy was done in all 19 patients. All patients except 3 underwent successful decannulation, and experienced long-term satisfactory result. Conclusion Management of acute blunt laryngotracheal trauma is a challenging problem that demands a multidisciplinary approach. The ideal treatment option should be individualized according to the patient's condition and characteristics of injury. According to our study we suggest that cases of acute blunt laryngotracheal trauma patients should be managed following the protocol as mentioned in our study, and we strongly emphasize that Montgomery T-tube should be left for at least 1 complete year in the airway as it results in negligible chances of post-traumatic stenosis of airway later.

Resumo Introdução O tubo T de Montgomery é um dispositivo usado como stent traqueal combinado com tubo de traqueostomia para evitar estenose traqueal pós-operatória. Objetivo Avaliar o resultado do procedimento cirúrgico feito para lesões no pescoço e nas vias aéreas em pacientes com trauma laringotraqueal contuso agudo e o resultado da colocação do tubo T de Montgomery nesses pacientes por 12 anos. Método Entre 2005 e 2017, 19 pacientes com trauma laringotraqueal contuso agudo foram submetidos ao implante do tubo T de Montgomery. Todos os 19 pacientes com trauma laringotraqueal foram submetidos a uma traqueostomia pré-operatória no pronto-socorro por um cirurgião otorrinolaringologista. O implante do tubo T de Montgomery foi feito posteriormente através de uma abordagem externa. O período de seguimento variou de dois a 10 anos. O tubo T de Montgomery foi removido após um período que variou de seis meses a um ano e meio. Resultados A maioria dos pacientes do estudo estava na faixa de 21 a 30 anos. A traqueostomia pré-operatória foi feita em todos os 19 pacientes. Todos, exceto três, tiveram decanulação bem-sucedida e resultado satisfatório em longo prazo. Conclusão O tratamento do trauma laringotraqueal contuso agudo é um desafio que exige uma abordagem multidisciplinar. A opção de tratamento ideal deve ser individualizada de acordo com a condição do paciente e as características da lesão. De acordo com nosso estudo, sugerimos que os casos de pacientes com trauma laringotraqueal contuso agudo sejam tratados de acordo com o protocolo mencionado em nosso estudo e enfatizamos fortemente que o implante do tubo T de Montgomery deve ser mantido por pelo menos um ano completo nas vias aéreas, pois resulta em chances insignificantes de posterior estenose pós-traumática das vias aéreas.

Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 240-247, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407917


Resumen Objetivo: Describir resultados de la cirugía de sustitución esofágica con tubo gástrico invertido, vía ascenso retroesternal en dos hospitales pediátricos durante el período marzo 2015 a marzo 2018. Materiales y Método: Un estudio observacional, transversal, con recolección de datos retrospectivo, donde se incluyeron todos los expedientes de pacientes que presentaban patología del esófago por causa adquirida o congénita que fueron operados de sustitución esofágica con tubo gástrico invertido en dos hospitales pediátricos durante 3 años. Resultados: Encontramos 29 niños sometidos a sustitución esofágica, de los cuales 27 cumplieron criterios de inclusión. La edad comprendida entre 2 y 17 años. El 63% corresponde al sexo femenino. La causa más frecuente de sustitución esofágica es por estenosis esofágica por ingesta caustica (92,59%). El 70% presentó algún tipo de complicación luego de la cirugía. La fístula esofagocutánea es la complicación principal con 33,33%. La permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos es menor de 24 horas en un 74% de los niños. Se inicia la vía oral en casi la mitad de casos entre los 10-12 días de posquirúrgico, la estancia hospitalaria es en promedio 18,5 días. La mortalidad es 3,7%. Conclusión: La sustitución esofágica por tubo gástrico invertido vía ascenso retroesternal, es una técnica comparable en resultados a la interposición de colón. Para los autores, el estómago es un órgano ideal para realizar la reconstrucción esofágica, y sus complicaciones son manejables.

Aim: To describe the results of esophageal replacement surgery with an inverted gastric tube via retrosternal ascent in two pediatric hospitals during the period March 2015 to March 2018. Materials and Method: an observational, cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection that included all the records of patients with esophageal discontinuity due to acquired or congenital causes who underwent esophageal replacement surgery with an inverted gastric tube in two pediatric hospitals for 3 years. Results: We found 29 children undergoing esophageal replacement, of which 27 met inclusion criteria. The age between 2 to 17 years. 63% corresponds to the female sex. The most frequent cause of esophageal replacement is esophageal stricture due to caustic ingestion (92.59%). 70% presented some type of complication after surgery. The esophagocutaneous fistula is the main complication with 33.33%. The stay in the intensive care unit is less than 24 hours in 74% of children. The oral route is started in almost half of cases between 10-12 days after surgery; the hospital stay is on average 18.5 days. Mortality is 3.70%. Conclusión: The esophageal substitution by inverted gastric tube via retrosternal ascent is a technique comparable in results to the interposition of the colon. For the authors, the stomach is an ideal organ to perform esophageal reconstruction, and its complications are manageable.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Colon/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophagoplasty/methods , Postoperative Complications , Stomach/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Demography , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus/surgery
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e202, jun. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383636


Introducción: las anomalías congénitas (AC) son un problema de salud pública con impacto en la infancia, la mortalidad infantil (MI) y la discapacidad. En Uruguay, así como en otros países desarrollados, las AC y la prematuridad son las principales causas de MI. Objetivos: el objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar las anomalías más frecuentes en el país entre 2011 y 2014, y evaluar los factores de riesgo. Material y método: los datos se obtuvieron del Registro Nacional de Defectos Congénitos y Enfermedades Raras y Estadísticas Vitales del Ministerio de Salud Pública. Resultados: se determinó que prácticamente la mitad de los casos fueron: cardiopatías congénitas, síndrome de Down y defectos del tubo neural (anencefalia, encefalocele y mielomeningocele), representando 0,42% (812/191.820) y 2,85% (38/1334) de los nacidos vivos (NV) y de los óbitos fetales respectivamente. Las prevalencias por 10.000 NV y OF fueron: 38,52 y 149,93 para cardiopatías congénitas; 3,6 y 7,5 para síndrome de Down; 2,1 y 127,4 para defectos del tubo neural. La edad materna avanzada fue el principal factor de riesgo de síndrome de Down. Los factores de riesgo observados en las tres anomalías seleccionadas fueron: prematurez, depresión neonatal y bajo peso al nacer. Conclusiones: las anomalías congénitas en general y las seleccionadas en este trabajo en particular, constituyen una causa relevante de morbimortalidad en el período neonatal e infantil, plausibles de prevención. El diagnóstico temprano es fundamental para planificar servicios de salud especializados. Los resultados aquí presentados se pueden utilizar como línea de base para medir el impacto de las acciones de salud a nivel nacional.

Introduction: congenital anomalies (CA) are a public health problem with an impact on childhood, infant mortality (IM) and disability. In Uruguay, as well as in other developed countries, CA and prematurity are the main causes of IM. Objectives: analyze the most frequent anomalies in the country in 2011-2014 and evaluate risk factors. Material and methods: the data were obtained from the National Record of Congenital Defects and Rare Diseases and health statistics from the Ministry of Public Health. Results: it was determined that practically half of the cases were: congenital heart disease, Down syndrome and Neural Tube Defects (anencephaly, encephalocele and myelomeningocele), accounting for 0.42% (812/191,820) and 2.85% (38/1334) of live births and stillbirths respectively. The prevalence per 10,000 NV and stillbirths were: 38.52 and 149.93 for Congenital Heart Disease; 3.6 and 7.5 for Down Syndrome; 2.1 and 127.4 for neural tube defects. Advanced maternal age was the main risk factor for Down syndrome. The risk factors observed in the three selected anomalies were: prematurity, neonatal depression and low birth weight. Conclusions: congenital anomalies in general, and those selected in this study in particular, are a relevant cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns and infants, likely to be prevented. Early diagnosis is essential for planning specialized health services. The results presented in the present paper can be used as a baseline to measure the impact of health actions at national level.

Introdução: as anomalias congênitas (AC) são um problema de saúde pública com impacto na infância, na mortalidade infantil (MI) e na deficiência. No Uruguai, assim como em outros países desenvolvidos as AC e prematuridade são as principais causas de MI. Objetivos: analisar as anomalias mais frequentes no país, entre 2011-2014 e avaliar os fatores de risco. Material e métodos: os dados foram obtidos do Registro Nacional de Defeitos Congênitos e Doenças Raras e estatísticas vitais do Ministério da Saúde Pública. Resultados: determinou-se que praticamente a metade dos casos eram: cardiopatias congênitas, Síndrome de Down e Defeitos do tubo neural (anencefalia, encefalocele e mielomeningocele), representando 0,42% (812/191.820) e 2,85% (38/1334) de nascidos vivos-NV e natimortos, respectivamente. As prevalências por 10.000 NV e natimortos foram: 38,52 e 149,93 para Cardiopatia Congênita; 3,6 e 7,5 para Síndrome de Down; 2,1 e 127,4 para defeitos do tubo neural. A idade materna avançada foi o principal fator de risco para a síndrome de Down. Os fatores de risco observados nas três anomalias selecionadas foram: prematuridade, depressão neonatal e baixo peso ao nascer. Conclusões: as anomalias congênitas em geral e as selecionadas neste estudo em particular, constituem causa relevante de morbimortalidade no período neonatal e infantil, possível de ser prevenida. O diagnóstico precoce é fundamental para o planejamento de serviços de saúde especializados. Os resultados aqui apresentados podem ser usados como base para medir o impacto das ações de saúde realizadas a nível nacional.

Humans , Down Syndrome/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Neural Tube Defects/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Meningomyelocele/epidemiology , Encephalocele/epidemiology , Anencephaly/epidemiology
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e303, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383641


Introducción: el disrafismo espinal oculto comprende las anomalías congénitas caracterizadas por la fusión incompleta del tubo neural, en las que la lesión se encuentra cubierta por piel sin observarse exposición del tejido nervioso. Existen estigmas cutáneos que se asocian a su presencia, siendo los lipomas congénitos en la línea media posterior altamente sugerentes de lesión espinal. Su principal complicación es la asociación con el síndrome de médula anclada, que puede causar un daño neurológico irreversible. Caso clínico: recién nacida de sexo femenino, durante la exploración en Maternidad detectamos un estigma cutáneo del tipo lipoma en la región sacra sospechoso de disrafismo espinal oculto, confirmándose posteriormente, mediante estudio con ecografía y resonancia magnética, la presencia de lipomielomeningocele y médula anclada. Conclusiones: el reconocimiento de los marcadores cutáneos, que constituyen a veces la única manifestación de la enfermedad en pacientes asintomáticos, posibilitaría un diagnóstico precoz y manejo individualizado con posible corrección quirúrgica según el caso, que podría prevenir el daño neurológico irreversible asociado a la médula anclada.

Introduction: hidden spinal dysraphism involves congenital anomalies characterized by an incomplete fusion of the neural tube, where the lesion is covered by skin and the nervous tissue is not exposed. Some skin stigmas are linked with this spinal injury, mainly congenital lipomas in the posterior midline of the lesion. Hidden spinal dysraphism's main complication could be tethered cord syndrome, which can cause irreversible neurological damage. Clinical case: female newborn showing a lipoma-like skin stigma in the sacral region, looking like hidden spinal dysraphism, which was later confirmed through ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, which showed lipomyelomeningocele and a tethered cord. Conclusions: early detection of these skin markers is sometimes the only tool to early diagnosis and personalized treatment in asymptomatic patients. It enables a possible surgical remediation and may prevent the irreversible neurological damage linked to the tethered cord.

Introdução: o disrafismo espinhal oculto envolve anomalias congênitas caracterizadas por uma fusão incompleta do tubo neural, onde a lesão é coberta por pele e o tecido nervoso não fica exposto. Alguns estigmas de pele estão relacionados a essa lesão espinhal, principalmente lipomas congênitos na linha média posterior da lesão. A principal complicação do disrafismo espinhal oculto pode ser a síndrome da medula ancorada, a qual pode causar danos neurológicos irreversíveis. Caso clínico: recém-nascida apresenta estigma cutâneo semelhante a lipoma na região sacral, semelhante a disrafismo espinhal oculto, posteriormente confirmado por ultrassonografia e ressonância magnética, o que evidenciou lipomielomeningocele e medula ancorada. Conclusões: a detecção precoce desses marcadores cutâneos às vezes é a única ferramenta para o diagnóstico precoce e tratamento personalizado em pacientes assintomáticos. Permite uma possível correção cirúrgica e pode prevenir os danos neurológicos irreversíveis ligados à medula ancorada.

Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Spinal Dysraphism/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , Neural Tube Defects , Early Diagnosis
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(1): 46-52, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364584


Abstract Introduction The cuff of an endotracheal tube seals the airway to facilitate positive-pressure ventilation and reduce subglottic secretion aspiration. However, an increase or decrease in endotracheal tube intracuff pressure can lead to many morbidities. Objective The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of different head and neck positions on endotracheal tube intracuff pressure during ear and head and neck surgeries. Methods A total of 90 patients undergoing elective right ear (Group 1: n = 30), left ear (Group 2: n = 30) or head and neck (Group 3: n = 30) surgery were involved in the study. A standardized general anesthetic was given and cuffed endotracheal tubes by the assistance of video laryngoscope were placed in all patients. The pilot balloon of each endotracheal tube was connected to the pressure transducer and standard invasive pressure monitoring was set to measure intracuff pressure values continuously. The first intracuff pressure value was adjusted to 18.4 mmHg (25 cm H2O) at supine and neutral neck position. The patients then were given appropriate head and neck positions before related-surgery started. These positions were left rotation, right rotation and extension by under-shoulder pillow with left/right rotation for Groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The intracuff pressures were measured and noted after each position, at 15th, 30th, 60th, 90th minutes and before the extubation. If intracuff pressure deviated from the targeted value of 20-30 cm H2O at anytime, it was set to 25 cm H2O again. Results The intracuff pressure values were increased from 25 to 26.73 (25-28.61) cm H2O after left neck rotation (p = 0.009) and from 25 to 27.20 (25.52-28.67) cm H2O after right neck rotation (p = 0.012) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. In Group 3, intracuff pressure values at the neutral position, after extension by under-shoulder pillow and left or right rotation were 25, 29.41 (27.02-36.94) and 34.55 (28.43-37.31) cm H2O, respectively. There were significant differences between the neutral position and extension by under-shoulder pillow (p < 0.001), and also between neutral position and rotation after extension (p < 0.001). However, there was no statistically significant increase of intracuff pressure between extension by under-shoulder pillow and neck rotation after extension positions (p = 0.033). Conclusion Accessing the continuous intracuff pressure value measurements before and during ear and head and neck surgeries is beneficial to avoid possible adverse effects/complications of surgical position-related pressure changes.

Resumo Introdução O manguito ou cuff de um tubo endotraqueal sela as vias aéreas para facilitar a ventilação com pressão positiva e reduzir a aspiração de secreção subglótica. Entretanto, o aumento ou diminuição da pressão intracuff do tubo endotraqueal pode levar a muitas morbidades. Objetivo Investigar o efeito de diferentes posições da cabeça e pescoço da pressão intracuff do tubo endotraqueal durante cirurgias de orelha e cabeça e pescoço. Método Participaram do estudo 90 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia eletiva na orelha direita (Grupo 1: n = 30), orelha esquerda (Grupo 2: n = 30) ou cabeça e pescoço (Grupo 3: n = 30). Um anestésico geral padronizado foi administrado e o tubo endotraqueal com cuff foi colocado em todos os pacientes através de videolaringoscopia. O balão-piloto de cada tubo endotraqueal foi conectado ao transdutor de pressão e o monitoramento-padrão da pressão invasiva foi estabelecido para medir continuamente os valores da pressão intracuff. O primeiro valor de pressão intracuff foi ajustado para 18,4 mmHg (25 cm H2O) na posição supina e neutra do pescoço. Em seguida, os pacientes foram colocados nas posições cirúrgicas apropriadas de cabeça e pescoço antes do início da cirurgia. Essas posições foram rotação esquerda, rotação direita e extensão por rotação esquerda/direita com almofada sob o ombro, para os grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente. As pressões intracuff s foram medidas e anotadas após cada posição, aos 15, 30, 60, 90 minutos e antes da extubação. Se a pressão intracuff saísse do valor desejado de 20 ~ 30 cm H2O a qualquer momento, ela era definida em 25 cm H2O novamente. Resultados Os valores de pressão intracuff aumentaram de 25 para 26,73 (25-28,61) cm H2O após a rotação do pescoço para a esquerda (p = 0,009) e de 25 a 27,20 (25,52-28,67) cm H2O após rotação do pescoço para a direita (p = 0,012) nos grupos 1 e 2, respectivamente. No Grupo 3, os valores da pressão intracuff na posição neutra, após extensão com almofada sob o ombro e rotação para a esquerda ou direita, foram 25, 29,41 (27,02-36,94) e 34,55 (28,43-37,31) cm H2O, respectivamente. Houve diferenças significativas entre a posição neutra e a extensão com almofada sob o ombro (p < 0,001) e também entre a posição neutra e a rotação após a extensão (p < 0,001). Entretanto, não houve aumento estatisticamente significante da pressão intracuff entre extensão com almofada sob o ombro e rotação do pescoço após as posições de extensão (p = 0,033). Conclusão As medições contínuas do valor da pressão intracuff antes e durante cirurgias de orelha e cabeça e pescoço são benéficas para evitar possíveis efeitos adversos/complicações de alterações de pressão relacionadas à posição cirúrgica.

Acta méd. peru ; 39(1): 40-44, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383384


RESUMEN Introducción y objetivos : Determinar si el tipo de fisura labio palatina está asociada a mayor riesgo de alteración de la trompa de Eustaquio. Materiales y métodos : Se realizó un estudio descriptivo serie de casos con análisis inferencial de niños operados de fisura labiopalatina en el Hospital San Bartolomé durante el 2018 y 2019. Resultados : Se evaluó a un total de 48 pacientes a quienes se les realizó timpanometría, encontrándose 62,5 % varones (n=30) y 37,5 % mujeres (n=18) y la media de edad fue de 1,3 años, para determinar el tipo de fisura labiopalatina se usó la clasificación de Veau, el tipo más frecuente hallado fue Veau tipo III, con 62,5 % (n=30), siendo la menos frecuente Veau tipo I con 4,2 % (n=2). La evaluación de la función de la trompa de Eustaquio se realizó mediante timpanometría definiéndose como patológica la curva tipo B, en el grupo de estudio se encontró una prevalencia global de curvas tipo B de 66,7 % (n= 32), mientras que las curvas A y C, tuvieron 33,3 % (n=16). La probabilidad que el diagnóstico Veau IV tenga curvas tipo B de forma más frecuentes que los otros tipos, mediante la prueba Binomial fue significativo. (p=0,000038<0,05). Conclusiones : El tipo de fisura palatina mayormente asociado con alteración de la función del oído medio, expresado mediante curvas de timpanometría tipo B, es la fisura tipo IV según clasificación de Veau, esta relación es estadísticamente significativa.

ABSTRACT Introduction and objectives : The objective of this study is to determine if the type of cleft lip and palate is associated with a higher risk of alteration of the Eustachian tube. Materials and methods : A descriptive case series study was carried out with an inferential analysis of children operated on for cleft lip and palate at the San Bartolomé hospital during the years 2018 and 2019. Results : 48 patients with tympanometry were evaluated, 62.5% male (n = 30) and 37.5% female (n = 18), the mean age was 1.3 years. The type of cleft lip and palate was determined using the Veau classification, the most frequent type found was Veau type III: 62.5% (n = 30), the least frequent type was Veau I with 4.2% (n = 2). The evaluation of the function of the Eustachian tube was performed with tympanometry, defining the type B curve as pathological. In the study group, there was an overall prevalence of type B curves of 66.7% (n = 32), while type A and C curves were 33.3% (n = 16). The probability that the Veau IV crack type has an association with type B curves more frequently than the other types, using the Binomial test, was significant. (p = 0.000038 <0.05). Conclusions : The type of cleft palate that is most associated with impaired middle ear function, expressed by type B tympanometry curves, is type IV cleft according to Veau's classification, this relationship is statistically significant.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956459


Objective:To explore the relationship between endotracheal tube-bacterial biofilm (ETT-BF) in mechanically ventilated neonates and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).Methods:A total of 30 mechanically ventilated neonates whose mechanical ventilation time were ≥48 h in the Department of Neonatology in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2019 to January 2020 were included.According to the indwelling time of endotracheal tube, all cases were divided into three groups including group A(two to six days), group B(seven to 14 days) and group C (over 14 days). The morphological results of ETT-BF were scanned by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The incidence of VAP, the positive rates of strains isolated from endotracheal tube surface and lower respiratory tract secretion, the detection of strains and drug resistance were analyzed. Chi-squared test were used for statistical analysis.Results:The results of SEM showed that sheet matrix could be observed on the surface of the inner cavity of endotracheal tube in three days of tracheal catheter retention, and cocci adhered to it in four days. With prolonged indwelling time of endotracheal tube, the structure of bacterial biofilm (BF) had improved.The positive rate of strains isolated from the secretion of lower respiratory tract in 30 neonates was 23.3%(7/30) and all of them were Gram-negative bacteria. There was no patient developed VAP in group A, while there were two patients with VAP in group B, and five patients with VAP in group C. The incidences of VAP in the three groups were statistically significant ( χ2=10.82, P=0.004). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of strains isolated from the surface of endotracheal tube under different indwelling time in 30 cases ( χ2=1.03, P=0.598). Among of 13 neonates in group A, there were seven strains isolated from ETT-BF, mainly Gram-positive bacteria which turned out to be mainly Gram-negative bacteria with the prolongation of endotracheal tube indwelling time. Of the seven VAP cases, strains isolated from the lower respiratory tract secretion were consistent with the strains isolated from the surface of the corresponding endotracheal tube in five cases, which were Serratia liquefaciens, Klebsiella acidogenes, Serratia marcescens, Flavobacterium meningosepticum and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and the drug resistance was consistent. Conclusions:The colonization bacteria of early ETT-BF may come from the upper respiratory tract, with less migration which rarely causes VAP. With the prolongation of endotracheal tube indwelling time, the incidence of VAP in neonates increases. The same pathogen can be found in the ETT-BF and lower respiratory tract secretion. The source of pathogen needs further study.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1072-1075, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956102


Objective:To analyze the risk factors of hyperthermia after removal of drainage tubes in patients after neurosurgery.Methods:The clinical data of 146 patients after neurosurgery with indwelling drainage tubes admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Pecking University Third Hospital from January 2019 to July 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into hyperthermia group (body temperature≥39 ℃) and non-hyperthermia group (body temperature < 39 ℃) according to whether their body temperatures within 24 hours after removal of drainage tubes. General clinical data and outcomes of the two groups were collected, and different tendentious scores were matched with the hyperthermia group and non-hyperthermia group based on Glasgow coma score (GCS), respectively. After such matching, the clinical baseline characteristics [age, gender, admission diagnosis, major complications, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) at admission, GCS], number of days of drainage tubes retention, location of drainage tubes, microbial culture results before removal of drainage tubes, white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil ratio (NEU%) before and after removal of drainage tubes as well as clinical outcomes of the cohort patients were analyzed. The primarily outcome was in-hospital mortality, and then the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay.Results:A total of 146 patients after neurosurgery were included, 28 of which developed hyperthermia after removal of drainage tubes. The GCS scores at admission in the hyperthermia group were significantly lower than that in the non-hyperthermia group, while the proportion of hypertension and diabetes in the hyperthermia group was significantly higher than that in the non-hyperthermia group. Based on GCS scores, the two groups, each of which included 28 patients, were matched with tendentious scores, and there was no significant difference in gender, age, GCS scores and the proportion of hypertension and diabetes between the two groups. The main disease for patients upon admission was cerebral hemorrhage (53.6%, 30/56). The proportion of indwelling ventricular drainage tube retention in the hyperthermia group was significantly higher than that in the non-hyperthermia group [32.1% (9/28) vs. 7.1% (2/28), P < 0.05], but there was no significant difference in the location of other drainage tubes between the two groups. The proportion of lumbar puncture in the hyperthermia group was also significantly higher than that in the non-hyperthermia group [25.0% (7/28) vs. 0 (0/28), P < 0.05]. Compared with the non-hyperthermia group, WBC [×10 9/L: 13.0 (9.5, 15.2) vs. 11.5 (8.8, 13.3)] of 1 day before removal of drainage tubes, NEU% [0.892 (0.826, 0.922) vs. 0.843 (0.809, 0.909)] after removal of drainage tubes and positive rate of drainage-fluid culture or drainage-tube-tip culture [7.1% (2/28) vs. 0% (0/28)] in the hyperthermia group increased, but there were not significant differences. There was no significant difference in the proportion of pulmonary, urinary system and blood flow infection before removal of drainage tubes in the two groups. In terms of primary outcomes, compared with the non-hyperthermia group, the length of ICU stay [days: 17.0 (8.0, 32.3) vs. 8.5 (1.0, 16.8), P < 0.05] in the hyperthermia group was significantly prolonged, and the in-hospital mortality [35.7% (10/28) vs. 10.7% (3/28), P < 0.05] in the hyperthermia group was obviously increased. The positive rate of carbapenem-resistant bacteria culture [32.1% (9/28) vs. 3.6% (1/28), P < 0.05] in the hyperthermia group during hospitalization was significantly higher than that in the non-hyperthermia group. Conclusions:Hyperthermia after removal of drainage tubes for patients after neurosurgery can significantly prolong the length of ICU stay and increase the in-hospital mortality, which may be related to the secondary infection caused by indwelling intracranial drainage tubes and the intracranial spread of bacteria caused by removal of drainage tubes, as well as the intracranial multidrug-resistant bacterial infection caused by the drainage tubes.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 873-874, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956068


At present, the extension tube of the ventilator, a long corrugated tube used in clinical practice, needs to be disconnected from the endotracheal tube when performing open sputum suction. Under positive pressure, the condensed water containing pathogenic microorganisms in the ventilator will be splashed. Some will form aerosol suspended in the air, pollute the air, increase the risk of cross-infection and operator pollution, while the ventilator will emit a corresponding alarm sound, resulting in noise pollution. Based on the above factors, a ventilator pipeline extension tube was designed by the medical staff of department of critical care medicine of the Eighth Medical Center of People's Liberation Army General Hospital and department of critical care medicine of Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, and was obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2020 2 1476518.X). The device consists of the main pipe, first pipe sleeve, second pipe sleeve, valve body, joystick, axial sleeve, etc., which can not only effectively avoid air pollution and reduce the risk of cross-infection, but also reduce noise pollution and the negative impact of loud noise on patients and medical staff.