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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 92-96, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380448

ABSTRACT

El Tumor Desmoide, es un tumor raro de origen mesenquimal con una incidencia aproximada de 0.3% (1) que, si bien es considerado un tumor benigno por no presentar metástasis a distancia, se considera un tumor localmente agresivo con altas tasas de recidiva tras la extirpación quirúrgica de entre el 19 a 28% (2). Se presenta el caso clínico de una mujer de 21 años de edad, gestante de 7 semanas, que acudió a consulta a la Unidad de Mastología del Hospital de Clínicas por percatarse de nódulo en cuadrante superoexterno de mama derecha, que aumenta de tamaño. Se realizó exéresis tumoral con márgenes, cuyo diagnóstico fue un Tumor Desmoide y, posterior resección de márgenes para ampliación. El Tumor Desmoide es poco frecuente de localización mamaria, que fue tratada con cirugía con buena evolución en una mujer gestante, por lo que debe considerarse esta patología en pacientes jóvenes gestantes, como diagnóstico diferencial en nódulos mamarios.


Desmoid tumor is a rare tumor of mesenchymal origin with an approximate incidence of 0.3% (1). Although it is considered a benign tumor because it does not present distant metastases, it is considered a locally aggressive tumor with high rates of recurrence after surgical removal of between 19 to 28% (2). We present the clinical case of a 21-year-old woman, 7 weeks pregnant, who attended the Mastology Unit of the Hospital de Clínicas, after noticing a nodule in the upper outer quadrant of the right breast, which was increasing in size. Tumor excision with margins was performed, whose diagnosis was a Desmoid Tumor, and subsequent resection of margins for amplifying The Desmoid Tumor is rare in the breast and was treated with surgery with a good evolution in a pregnant woman, so this pathology should be considered in young pregnant patients, as a differential diagnosis in breast nodules.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Fibromatosis, Aggressive , Neoplasms , Breast , Pregnant Women
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 447-453, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394729

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: This study's objective is to investigate the effect of downregulation of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-124a on myocardial injury after ischemia reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Methods: Sprague Dawley (SD) rats (n=20) were divided into four groups - sham, I/R, I/R+miR-124a antagomir (I/R+ant-miR-124a), and I/R+ant-normal control (NC). The pathomorphological and infarct size variance of injured myocardial tissues with IR were conducted with hematoxylin (HE) and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The expression levels of miR-124a, BAX, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-KB), Notch1, and Hes1 were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or Western blot in myocardium. The inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, as well as the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) in serum by colorimetry. Results: The expression of miR-124a was increased in the I/R group. Compared with I/R and I/R+ant-NC groups, after downregulating miR-124a, the expression of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, BAX, NF-KB, LDH, and CK were decreased, but the expression of Notch1 and Hes1 were increased. In HE staining, myocardial tissue edema, red blood cell exudation, and myocardial fiber arrangement disorder were accompanied by inflammatory cell infiltration and local necrosis in the I/R group. However, the pathological injury of myocardial tissue was alleviated after downregulating miR-124a. Additionally, TTC results showed that the myocardial infarction area was decreased in the I/R+ant-miR-124a group. Conclusion: Downregulation of miR-124a expression through Notch pathway can significantly reduce myocardial damage after 24 hours of I/R in SD rats. Therefore, miR-124a may become a potential therapeutic target for I/R injury.

3.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 101-105, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395258

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades relacionadas con IgG4 (ER-IgG4) son entidades fibroinflamatorias e inmunomediadas, caracterizadas por la afección multiorgánica, con la formación de pseudotumores que provocan lesión tisular y daño orgánico subsecuente. Se describe el caso de un paciente de 43 años que presentó sialoadenitis esclerosante y cumplió todos los criterios diagnósticos de enfermedad relacionada con IgG4.


IgG4-related diseases (IgG4-RD) are fibroinflammatory immune-mediated entities characterized by multiorgan involvement with the development of pseudotumors that cause tissue injury and subsequent organ damage. We describe the case of a 43-year-old man who presented sclerosing sialadenitis and fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related disease.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , Sialadenitis
4.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 16(2): 228-236, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384665

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease. The mechanism of oxidative stress in AD is due to amyloid beta (Aβ) protein that aggregates to form plaques, which further triggers chronic inflammation and neuronal apoptosis. Purple sweet potato extract with the main content of anthocyanins is a potential antioxidant with a direct target on the amyloid cascade hypothesis. Objective: The research objective was to determine the role of purple sweet potato water extract as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory in preventing apoptosis in order to provide a neuroprotective effect in d-galactose-induced rats. Methods: A total of 100 male Wistar rats with randomized posttest-only control group design that met the eligibility criteria were included in this study. The treatment group was given 200 mg/kg BW/day of purple sweet potato water extract on days 1-70. d-galactose induction was administered in the treatment and control groups on days 15-70. Results: The independent t-test showed that the mean tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in the treatment group (735.36±139.74) was significantly lower than that in the control group (896.77±152.52). The p53 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressions of astrocyte cells in the treatment group were significantly lower than that in the control group. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in the treatment group (498.13±121.47) were higher than that in the control (391.93±140.28), and there was a significant increase in spatial working memory in the treatment group (72.01±10.22) than the control (59.77±11.87). Conclusions: The neuroprotective effect of purple sweet potato extract is due to d-galactose induction resulting from decrease in TNF-α levels, p53 expression, and GFAP expression and increase in BDNF levels and spatial working memory.


RESUMO. A doença de Alzheimer (DA) é uma doença neurodegenerativa. O mecanismo de estresse oxidativo na DA ocorre devido à proteína beta amilóide que se agrega para formar placas que desencadeiam inflamação crônica e apoptose neuronal. O extrato de batata-doce roxa composto principalmente por antocianinas é um potencial antioxidante com efeito direto sobre a hipótese da cascata amilóide. Objetivo: O objetivo da pesquisa foi determinar o papel do extrato aquoso de batata-doce roxa como antioxidante e anti-inflamatório na prevenção da apoptose, para proporcionar um efeito neuroprotetor em ratos induzidos por D-galactose. Métodos: Grupo controle randomizado pós-teste com 100 ratos Wistar machos que preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade. O grupo de tratamento recebeu 200mg/kg de peso corporal/dia de extrato aquoso de batata-doce roxa nos dias 1-70. A indução de D-galactose foi testada nos grupos de tratamento e controle nos dias 15-70. Resultados: O teste t independente mostrou que a média dos níveis de TNF-α no grupo de tratamento (735,36±139,74) foi significativamente menor do que no grupo controle (896,77±152,52). A expressão de p53 e a expressão de GFAP de células de astrócitos foram significativamente menores no grupo de tratamento do que no grupo controle. Os níveis de BDNF no grupo de tratamento (498,13±121,47) foram maiores que no grupo controle (391,93±140,28) e houve um aumento significativo da memória de trabalho espacial no grupo de tratamento (72,01±10,22) em relação ao controle (59,77±11,87). Conclusões: O efeito neuroprotetor do extrato de batata-doce roxa é devido à indução de D-galactose pela diminuição dos níveis de TNF-α, expressão de p53 e expressão de GFAP, aumentando assim os níveis de BDNF e memória espacial.

5.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(2): 278-280, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385103

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Extraparotid Warthin tumor (WT) is a very rare entity, especially when synchronous with oral cancer (OC). Objective The present study presents a case series of extraparotid WTs detected in the surgical specimen of patients treated for OC. Methods From 2007 to 2016, 336 patients were operated for OC in our institution. Neck dissection was performed in 306 patients. Results In the 306 patients operated for OC whose necks were dissected, unexpected WTs were observed in 4 surgical neck specimens. In 3 cases, extraparotid WTs were responsible for tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) overstaging before surgery. Conclusion Extraparotid WTs may be discovered during neck dissection in ∼ 1% of OC patients, and they may mimic neck metastasis, especially in positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging.

6.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3)jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385682

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: From 1984 stereology was added to unbiased methods and procedures, i.e., counts became more reliable studying morphological images in a random and uniform isotropic way. Therefore, the orientation and sectioning methods adapted to stereological quantification are essential. A critical quantitative subject in practical pathology concerns diagnosing and classifying neoplasias. Pathologists evaluated different types of tumors by determining the nuclear roundness factor (NRF). NRF is calculated by the ratio between the nuclear radius obtained from the area and the perimeter. However, NRF is biased data because it depends on the sectioning orientation, nuclei shape, and section thickness. The stereology proposed an unbiased alternative to assess the nucleus from tumor cells, counteracting NRF quantitatively. Therefore, the volume-weighted mean nuclear volume has been used to prognostic tumors in several organs. In urology, this was used, for example, to study primary carcinoma of the bladder, renal and prostatic carcinomas.


RESUMEN: A partir de 1984 se agregó la estereología a los métodos y procedimientos sin distorción, es decir, los conteos se volvieron más confiables al estudiar imágenes morfológicas de forma aleatoria e isotrópica uniforme. Por tanto, los métodos de orientación y seccionamiento adaptados a la cuantificación estereológica son fundamentales. Un tema cuantitativo crítico en la patología práctica se refiere al diagnóstico y clasificación de las neoplasias. Los patólogos evaluaron diferentes tipos de tumores determinando el factor de redondez nuclear (NRF). NRF se calcula por la relación entre el radio nuclear obtenido del área y el perímetro. Sin embargo, NRF son datos distorsionados debido a que dependen de la orientación de la sección, la forma de los núcleos y el grosor de la sección. La estereología propuso una alternativa imparcial para evaluar el núcleo de las células tumorales, contrarrestando cuantitativamente el NRF. Por lo tanto, el volumen nuclear medio ponderado se ha utilizado para pronosticar tumores en varios órganos. En urología, esto se utilizó, por ejemplo, para estudiar el carcinoma primario de vejiga, carcinomas renales y prostáticos.

7.
Rev. Fac. Med. UNAM ; 65(3): 33-37, may.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387327

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de teratoma creciente es una entidad en la cual existen modificaciones histológicas de un teratoma maligno inmaduro tratado con quimioterapia y con marcadores tumorales negativos a un teratoma maduro. Dada la baja incidencia de la patología, se presenta el caso de una paciente con antecedente de tumoración ovárica con reporte de teratoma inmaduro la cual fue extraída. Recibió quimioterapia y normalización de marcadores séricos. Posteriormente presentó la aparición de una tumoración pélvica, retroperitoneal y hepática que nuevamente requirió intervención quirúrgica, con reporte patológico de teratoma quístico maduro.


Abstract Growing teratoma syndrome is an entity in which there are histological modifications of an immature malignant teratoma treated with chemotherapy and with negative tumor markers to a mature teratoma. Given the low incidence of the pathology, a case of a patient with a history of ovarian tumors with report of immature teratoma which was extracted is reported. The patient received chemotherapy with normalization of serum markers. Subsequently she presented a pelvic, retroperitoneal and hepatic tumor that again required surgical intervention with pathological report of mature cystic teratoma.

8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388727

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Los tumores de ovario borderline (BOT) son un grupo de lesiones neoplásicas de origen epitelial del ovario que presentan características de tumores malignos, pero sin invasión del estroma, y se caracterizan por tener un buen pronóstico. El objetivo del estudio es determinar la concordancia diagnóstica entre biopsia contemporánea y definitiva de los BOT en nuestro centro hospitalario. Método: Se realizó un estudio analítico retrospectivo de corte transversal de las biopsias contemporáneas y definitivas de BOT en la base de datos de anatomía patológica del Hospital Padre Hurtado, entre los años 2010 y 2019. El análisis estadístico de concordancia se realizó mediante test de kappa. Resultados: Se revisaron 4546 informes de biopsias entre los años 2010 y 2019. Se pesquisaron 163 tumores malignos de ovario, de los cuales 69 (42,33%) correspondieron a BOT. De estos, 39 fueron serosos (56,2%), 28 mucinosos (40,57%) y 2 (2,8%) de tipo endometrioide. El resultado de concordancia diagnóstica de BOT seroso es moderada, del 75,71% con un índice de kappa de 0,5143 (p = 0,000), y el de BOT mucinoso es débil, del 65,71% con un índice de kappa de 0,2398 (p = 0,0222). Conclusiones: Los BOT corresponden a un gran porcentaje dentro de los tumores malignos del ovario, siendo el subtipo seroso el más común. La concordancia entre biopsia contemporánea y definitiva es de débil a moderada.


Abstract Objective: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) are a group of neoplastic lesions of epithelial origin of the ovary that present characteristics of malignant tumors but without stromal invasion and are characterized by having a good prognosis. The objective of the study is to determine the concordance between frozen section and definitive biopsy of BOT in our hospital center. Method: A retrospective, cross-sectional analytical study of the frozen section and definitive BOT biopsies was performed in the pathological anatomy database of the Padre Hurtado Hospital during the years 2010 and 2019. The statistical and concordance analysis was performed using kappa tests. Results: 4546 biopsy reports were reviewed during 2010 and 2018. A total of 163 malignant ovarian tumors were investigated, of which 69 (42%) corresponded to BOT. Of these, the most common subtypes were 39 (56.2%) serous, 28 (40.57%) mucinous and 2 (2.8%) endometroid. The concordance results of serous BOT is moderate, 75.71% with a kappa index of 0.5143 (p = 0.000), and mucinous BOT have fair concordance, 65.71% with a kappa index of 0.2398 (p = 0.0222). Conclusions: BOT correspond to a large percentage of malignant tumors of the ovary, with the serous subtype being the most common. The concordance between contemporary and definitive biopsy is between fair and moderate.

9.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 28(1): 144-150, ene.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389151

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La Fibromatosis Colli es un tumor fibroso congénito benigno que se desarrolla en el músculo esternocleidomastoideo. Se manifiesta clínicamente por hinchazón del cuello y restricción de movimiento del cuello (tortícolis). Objetivo: Describir los aspectos diagnósticos y terapéuticos fundamentales de la Fibromatosis de Colli o Tortícolis Muscular Congénita. Caso Clínico: Se presenta un caso de neonato de sexo femenino de 21 días de nacida mediante parto en presentación podálica. Al examen físico se encuentra masa en cuello de 1,5*2 cm indolora e inclinación de la cabeza hacia la derecha, diagnosticado con ultrasonografía y tomografía de cuello contrastado, sin otros hallazgos. Conclusiones: La Fibromatosis de Colli es una patología que pasa desapercibida en el examen posparto del recién nacido. Es importante que el personal médico la identifique, evitando así complicaciones futuras, como asimetría craneofacial, escoliosis cervical y torácica o alteraciones oculares importantes.


Abstract Introduction: Fibromatosis Colli is a benign congenital fibrous tumor, which develops in the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Its clinical manifestations encompass neck swelling and torticollis (restriction of neck movements). Objective: The aim of this report is to describe the fundamental diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of Fibromatosis Colli or Congenital Muscular Torticollis. Clinical Case: A case of a 21-day-old female neonate is presented, with the presence of a right cervical mass (1.5*2 cm) and the head tilted to the right without other associated symptoms found in the physical examination. A relevant antecedent is breech presentation during the birth. The diagnosis is obtained through ultrasonography and contrasted neck tomography. Conclusions: Fibromatosis Colli is a pathology that could be unnoticed in the postpartum examination of the newborn. It is important that medical personnel identify it in order to avoid future complications, such as craniofacial asymmetry, cervical and thoracic scoliosis, or important ocular alterations.

10.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389687

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La fibromatosis mesentérica es un subtipo profundo de tumor desmoide (TD), un tumor benigno de origen fibroblástico localmente agresivo por su tendencia a infiltrar los tejidos adyacentes. Son raros, esporádicos y pueden asociarse con el síndrome de Gardner. El tratamiento de elección es la resección completa, evitando la recurrencia local. Comunicamos el caso clínico de una paciente con fibromatosis intrabdominal mesentérica única, bien circunscripta, que simulaba por la imagenología una masa de origen pelviano.


Summary: Mesenteric fibromatosis is a deep sub-type of desmoid tumors consisting of a benign tumor of fibroblastic origin which is locally aggressive given its tendency to infiltrate adjacent tissues. They are unusual and sporadic, and may be associated to Gardner's Syndrome. Complete resection is the treatment of choice, avoiding local recurrence. The study reports the clinical case of a patient with intra-abdominal sporadic mesenteric fibromatosis, well circumscribed that appeared to be a pelvic mass in MR imaging.


Resumo: A fibromatose mesentérica é um subtipo profundo de tumor desmóide (DT); é um tumor benigno de origem fibroblástica que é localmente agressivo devido à sua tendência a infiltrar tecidos adjacentes. São raros, esporádicos e podem estar associados à síndrome de Gardner. O tratamento de escolha é a ressecção completa, evitando recidiva local. Relatamos o caso clínico de uma paciente com fibromatose mesentérica intra-abdominal única e bem circunscrita que simulava uma massa de origem pélvica na imagem.

11.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 99-104, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391919

ABSTRACT

Dentro de los cánceres, el tumor maligno de páncreas sigue siendo una neoplasia altamente letal y se tiene dificultad en el diagnóstico temprano, por lo que hay que evaluar de manera sistemática el comportamiento epidemiológico de esta enfermedad. OBJETIVO: determinar las características epidemiológicas del cáncer de páncreas de los pacientes atendidos en el hospital SOLCA Guayaquil, entre los años 2015 al 2021. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: observacional, de diseño transversal, tipo descriptivo; en los pacientes vistos por primera vez con tumor maligno de páncreas atendidos en el hospital de SOLCA y que sean residentes de Guayaquil; excluyéndose los pacientes diagnosticados en otras instituciones. RESULTADOS: durante el período 2015-2021 el cáncer de páncreas se incrementó, del año 2015 con 4,8% al 2021 de 29,3%; es corroborado con la tendencia lineal con porcentaje de variabilidad del 81%; según sexo hubo un cambio en la presentación entre hombres y mujeres en la incidencia; más en mujeres con 56,9%. el grupo de edad mayormente afectado en ambos sexos fue de 50-70 años (76,6%); topográficamente el Tumor maligno de páncreas, parte no especificada fue del 49,7%, Tumor maligno de cabeza del páncreas con 27,5% y morfológicamente el adenocarcinoma SAI (31,7%) y adenocarcinoma del conducto SAI (11,4%). CONCLUSIÓN: el cáncer de páncreas viene incrementándose, con mayor proporción en mujeres entre 50-70 años de edad; topográficamente el Tumor maligno de páncreas, parte no especificada y morfológicamente el adenocarcinoma SAI fueron lo más frecuentes; por lo que se debe explorar métodos que permitan un diagnóstico temprano


Within cancers, malignant tumor of pancreas continues to be a lethal neoplasm and early diagnosis is difficult, for epidemiological behavior must be systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVE: determine the epidemiological characteristics of pancreatic cancer in patients treated at the SOLCA Guayaquil hospital, between 2015 and 2021. MATERIALS AND METHOD: observational, cross-sectional design, descriptive type; in patients seen for the first time with a malignant tumor of the pancreas treated at the SOLCA hospital and who are residents of Guayaquil; excluding patients diagnosed in other institutions. RESULTS: during the 2015-2021 period, pancreatic cancer increased, from 2015 with 4.8% to 2021 with 29.3%; it is corroborated with the linear trend with a percentage of variability of 81%; According to sex, there was a change in the presentation between men and women in the incidence; more in women with 56.9%. the most affected age group in both sexes was 50-70 years (76.6%); topographically, malignant tumor of the pancreas, part not specified was 49.7%, malignant tumor of the head of the pancreas with 27.5% and morphologically, adenocarcinoma SAI (31.7%) and duct adenocarcinoma SAI (11.4%). CONCLUSION: pancreatic cancer has been increasing, with a higher proportion in women between 50-70 years of age; topographically, malignant tumor of the pancreas, unspecified part and morphologically, adenocarcinoma SAI were the most frequent; Therefore, methods that allow an early diagnosis should be explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cancer Care Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution
12.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 79(3): 199-202, may.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394025

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Ewing's Sarcoma (ES) is the second most common type of bone cancer, with an annual incidence of 2.9:100,000. Extraosseous cases represent 15%; however, there are no reported cases of ES located in the intestine in the pediatric population. Case report: We describe the case of a 14-year-old male patient, previously healthy, who started with an anemic syndrome, weight loss, and diaphoresis of 8 weeks of evolution. After visiting a physician, who documented the presence of anemia, the patient was referred to the National Institute of Pediatrics. Physical examination showed grade III-IV systolic murmur, splenomegaly, and pain in the left hemiabdomen with no irradiation. Computed axial tomography showed a mass-dependent on the peritoneum and intestinal loop. A biopsy of the lesion showed intestinal ES. The lesion was completely resected, and the patient was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Thirty months after diagnosis, the patient has no evidence of tumor activity. Conclusions: Extraosseous presentation of ES in pediatric age is rare. There are no reports of intestinal ES in the Latin American pediatric population, although eight case reports were found in adults. ES is curable by a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. The medical literature indicates that the extraosseous presentation should receive the same treatment as the osseous presentation, which can provide a survival rate of up to 70% if there is no evidence of metastasis (which most frequently is observed in the lung).


Resumen Introducción: El sarcoma de Ewing (SE) es el segundo tipo cáncer más común de hueso, cuya incidencia anual es de 2.9:100,000. Los casos extraóseos representan el 15%; sin embargo, no existen reportes en la literatura de casos de SE ubicados en el intestino en la población pediátrica. Caso clínico: Se describe el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 14 años, previamente sano, que inició con síndrome anémico, pérdida de peso y diaforesis de 8 semanas de evolución. Acudió con un médico, quien documentó la presencia de anemia y lo refirió al Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. A la exploración física presentaba soplo sistólico grado III-IV, esplenomegalia y dolor en hemiabdomen izquierdo sin irradiaciones. La tomografía axial computarizada mostró una masa dependiente del peritoneo y asa intestinal. La biopsia de la lesión reportó SE intestinal. Se resecó por completo la lesión y el paciente recibió tratamiento con quimioterapia y radioterapia. Después de 30 meses del diagnóstico, el paciente se encuentra sin datos de actividad tumoral. Conclusiones: La presentación extraósea del SE en edad pediátrica es rara. No existen reportes de presentación de SE intestinal en la población pediátrica latinoamericana, aunque se encontraron ocho reportes de caso en adultos. El SE es curable mediante la combinación de quimioterapia, radioterapia y cirugía. La literatura médica indica que la presentación extraósea debe recibir el mismo tratamiento que la ósea, lo cual puede proporcionar una sobrevida de hasta el 70% si no hay evidencia de metástasis (que ocurre más frecuentemente a pulmón).

13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 120-125, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394416

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent type of cancer worldwide, and is one of the major health problems in Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. The tumor antigens recently are of interesting indicators as diagnostic and prognostic tools, The aim of the present study is to detect the expression levels of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9), the Wilms tumor gene (WT1), and the preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) in the peripheral blood of CRC patients in comparison with healthy controls. Methods A prospective case-control study of CRC patients was conducted. We included 25 newly-diagnosed CRC eligible patients and obtained peripheral blood samples of them as well as 10 blood samples from the control group. All samples were then submitted to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction and a molecular study through real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results The CRC group consisted of 15 (60%) female and 10 (40%) male patients with a mean age of 50.52 ± 9.8 years, while the control group included 4 (40%) female and 6 (60%) male patients with a mean age of 47.7 ± 7.9 years. The CRC group, 24 (96%) of patient samples were CA9-positive with strong statistically significant differences (p < 0.00001; sensitivity: 96%; specificity: 90%). Regarding the WT1 gene, there were 11 (44%) positive samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.055; sensitivity: 44%; specificity: 90%). The PRAME gene was positive in 9 (36%) samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.357; sensitivity: 36%; specificity: 80%. Among CA9 (24 patients; 96%) of patients with CRC expressed positive results, in WT1 11(91.6%) CRC patients expressed gene, and in PRAME gene, 9 patients with CRC (81.8%) expressed positive results. Conclusion Overexpression of the CA9 gene in CRC of high sensitivity and specificity to be used as a tool to discriminate CRC from benign associate with high accuracy compare to WT1 and PRAME genes.

14.
Rev. mex. anestesiol ; 45(2): 114-120, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395026

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La craneotomía con el paciente despierto se refiere a aquellos procedimientos en los que el paciente conserva su estado de consciencia durante toda la cirugía o en parte de ésta con el objetivo de explorar la integridad de sus funciones cerebrales superiores en tiempo real. Estas técnicas neuroanestésicas son útiles para ayudar al neurocirujano a preservar la integridad del tejido cerebral, o bien, no causar mayor daño del que la propia enfermedad ha causado.


Abstract: Awake craniotomy refers to those procedures in which the patient remains conscious for all or part the time, with the aim of explore in real time the integrity of their higher brain functions. This kind of neuroanesthetic techniques are useful in assisting the neurosurgeon to preserve the integrity of the brain or not to damage more than what the disease has caused.

15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(2): 297-299, mayo 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375874

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lung tumorlets are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms of 0.5 cm or less in diameter that extend beyond the basement membrane. Although they are associated with bronchiectasis and fibrosis they tend to be asymptomatic and behave in a benign way, usually being diagnosed as incidental microscopic nests of neuroendocrine cells in lung tissue. We present a case of a pulmonary tumorlet finding after right upper lobectomy for lung cancer.


Resumen. Los tumorlets pulmonares son neoplasias neuroendocrinas poco frecuentes, que se extienden más allá de la membrana basal y miden 0.5 cm o menos de diámetro. Aunque suelen asociarse a bronquiectasias y fibrosis pulmonar, suelen ser asintomáticas comportándose de una manera indolente, siendo usualmente diagnosticadas de forma incidental en el estudio microscópico de una pieza pulmonar. Presentamos el caso de un tumorlet pulmonar incidental luego de una lobectomía superior derecha por cáncer de pulmón.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(5): 664-669, May 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376200

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the prognostic effect of the tumor-stroma ratio, which has been shown to have prognostic value in various cancers, in patients with gallbladder cancer who have undergone curative resection. METHODS: The records of gallbladder cancer patients who underwent surgical treatment in our clinic between December 2005 and March 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections representing the tumors were evaluated under light microscopy to determine tumor-stroma ratio, and based on the results, <50% was defined as the stroma-rich and ≥50% as the stroma-poor groups. RESULTS: A total of 28 patients, including 20 females and 8 males, with a mean age of 64.6 years, were included in this study. Stroma-poor and stroma-rich tumors were detected in 15 and 13 patients, respectively. There was no statistically significant relationship identified between tumor-stroma ratio and advanced age, gender, serum levels of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen, incidental or nonincidental diagnosis, jaundice, adjacent organ or structure resection, tumor location, grades 1-2 or 3, T1/T2 or T3/T4, N0 or N1/N2, M stage, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion. The stroma-poor and stroma-rich groups had a 5-year survival rate of 30% and 19.2% and a median overall survival of 25.7 and 15.1 months, respectively, with no statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.526). CONCLUSIONS: A low tumor-stroma ratio tended to be a poor prognostic factor in gallbladder cancer, although not to a statistically significant degree. This can be considered one of the preliminary studies, as further studies involving larger groups are needed.

17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 154-171, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394003

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. El cáncer colorrectal tiene una alta incidencia en la población mundial. Diversas vías moleculares están involucradas en su desarrollo, entre ellas, la inestabilidad cromosómica, la inestabilidad microsatelital y la epigenética. Objetivo. Hacer la caracterización molecular de 44 individuos con cáncer colorrectal esporádico. Materiales y métodos. El análisis de mutaciones en los genes APC, KRAS, TP53 y BRAF se hizo mediante secuenciación de Sanger; la inestabilidad microsatelital se determinó mediante electroforesis capilar utilizando cinco marcadores de repetición corta en tándem (Short Tandem Repeat) y el estado de metilación del promotor del gen MLH1 se hizo con la técnica MS-PCR (Methylation-Specific PCR). Resultados. La frecuencia de mutación de los genes APC, KRAS y TP53 fue del 18,1, 25 y 4,5 %, respectivamente; las mutaciones detectadas se localizaron con mayor frecuencia en el colon derecho. La frecuencia de inestabilidad microsatelital fue del 27,2 % y el 73,1 % en los tumores con metilación en el gen MHL1, y el 91,6 % de los tumores con inestabilidad microsatelital presentaba metilación en el gen MLH1. En el grupo de tumores con estabilidad microsatelital, las mutaciones en los genes APC, KRAS y TP53 fueron más frecuentes que en el grupo de tumores con inestabilidad microsatelital. La metilación del gen MLH1 fue la alteración más predominante. Conclusiones. En los pacientes con cáncer colorrectal evaluados se demostró la presencia de alteraciones moleculares en las diferentes vías genéticas, las cuales son comunes en su carcinogénesis. Los pacientes presentaron un perfil de mutaciones diferente al de otras poblaciones. Los hallazgos obtenidos en este estudio confirman la heterogeneidad molecular descrita en el desarrollo del cáncer colorrectal.


Abstract Introduction: Colorectal cancer has a high incidence in the world population. Different molecular pathways, such as chromosomal instability, microsatellite instability, and epigenetics are involved in its development. Objective: To perform molecular characterization in 44 individuals with sporadic colorectal cancer. Materials and methods: We conducted mutation analyses of the APC, KRAS, TP53 y BRAF genes using Sanger sequencing techniques; microsatellite instability was determined by capillary electrophoresis with five STR genetic markers while the methylation status of the MHL1 promotor gene was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR. Results: APC, KRAS, and TP53 genes mutation frequency was 18.1%, 25%, and 4.5%, respectively; the somatic mutations detected were located more frequently in the right colon. The frequency of microsatellite instability was 27.2% and 73.1% of the tumors had the MHL1 gene methylated while 91.6% of microsatellite instability-positive tumors had the methylated MLH1 gene. The mutation profile of microsatellite stability tumors APC, KRAS, and TP53 genes was more frequent than in the microsatellite instability-positive tumors. The methylation of the MLH1 gene was the most predominant molecular alteration. Conclusions: We identified molecular alterations in different genetic pathways of the colorectal cancer patients evaluated, which are common in the carcinogenesis of this cancer. These patients showed a different mutational profile compared to other populations. Our findings confirm the molecular heterogeneity described in the development of colorectal cancer.

18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385257

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El tumor odontogénico adenomatoide es un tumor benigno, poco común, que corresponde al 2-7% de los tumores odontogénicos. Se presenta con mayor prevalencia en la segunda década de vida y se ubica preferentemente en maxilar anterior. Es una lesión encapsulada, no agresiva, de crecimiento lento, que puede pasar desapercibida durante años. Deriva del epitelio odontogénico, y se caracteriza histológicamente por células epiteliales dispuestas en nidos, remolinos o cordones con escaso tejido conjuntivo. Puede presentar estructuras canaliculares un patrón ductiforme, con calcificaciones y presenta cápsula. El presente estudio reporta dos casos, el primero es una mujer de 30 años y el segundo el de un hombre de 36 años, ambos con un tumor odontogénico adenomatoide ubicado en zona maxilar anterior derecha, asintomático, sin asociación con diente incluido y de presentación quística a nivel imagenológico e histopatológico. Se discuten características clínicas, radiográficas, histopatológicas y terapéuticas de los casos.


ABSTRACT: Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor is a benign, rare tumor that accounts for 2-7% of odontogenic tumors. It appears with greater prevalence in the second decade of life and is located preferentially in the anterior maxilla. It is a slow-growing, non-aggressive, encapsulated lesion that can go unnoticed for years. It is derived from the odontogenic epithelium, and is characterized histologically by epithelial cells arranged in nests, eddies, or cords with little connective tissue. It may have canalicular structures and a ductiform pattern, with calcifications and it has a capsule. The present study reports two cases, the first is a 30-year-old woman and the second is a 36-year-old man, both with an adenomatoid odontogenic tumor located in the right anterior maxillary area, asymptomatic, without association with an included tooth and cystic presentation at the imaging and histopathological levels. The clinical, radiographic, histopathological and therapeutic characteristics of the cases are discussed.

19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 524-529, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376163

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Objective: Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) plays an important role in the management of advanced germ cell testicular tumors. Bilateral template lymph node dissection is considered a standard treatment in postchemotherapy residual masses; however, modified unilateral templates have gained acceptance in patients with unilateral residual disease. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the perioperative and oncological outcomes of the patients with advanced testicular cancer who underwent unilateral modified template PC-RPLND in our center. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which patients who underwent PC-RPLND in a referred center between 2004 and 2021 were investigated. All patients had three or four cycles of chemotherapy and retroperitoneal residual masses. Data were retrospectively collected from medical, operative, radiology, and pathology records and analyzed. Results: A total of 57 patients underwent PC-RPLND. The mean age was 32.7±8.1 years (19-50). According to the disease stage at presentation, there were 39 patients with stage 2 and 18 patients with stage 3. The average tumor size after chemotherapy was 57.6±2.7 mm (25-117). The overall complication rate was 35% (20/57 patients). No grade 4 and 5 complications were observed. Pathologic review demonstrated the presence of teratoma in 28 (49.1%) patients, fibrosis and/or necrosis in 15 (26.3%) patients, and viable germ cell tumor in 14 (24.5%) patients. The mean follow-up was 69.4 months (8-201). During follow-up after surgery, 14 (24.5%) deaths occurred due to advanced disease. Conclusion: PC-RPLND is a major component of the management of advanced testicular germ cell cancer. Our study demonstrated that modified unilateral template is an effective and safe procedure in the postchemotherapy setting for selected patients.

20.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(1): 49-57, Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376429

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las lesiones que simulan tumores en el sistema musculoesquelético se definen como lesiones no neoplásicas benignas que pueden confundirse, tanto por la clínica como radiológicamente, con neoplasias. La etiología y las localizaciones anatómicas de las lesiones son variables, desde variantes normales hasta lesiones traumáticas, inflamatorias o metabólicas. Con un adecuado interrogatorio, una exhaustiva exploración física y una apropiada selección de métodos por imágenes, se pueden diferenciar las lesiones tumorales de las no tumorales. En los casos en que no se logra certeza diagnóstica se debe recurrir a la biopsia para descartar malignidad. Se analizan ocho casos del Comité de Tumores Óseos y Partes Blandas de nuestra institución con diagnósticos presuntivos de lesiones tumorales y biopsias negativas para células neoplásicas. La etiología de las lesiones de los ocho pacientes fue calcificación heterotópica con esclerosis ósea, lesión por estrés, hematoma organizado, absceso, infiltración de médula ósea con área respetada, remodelación ósea, cambios reparativos y esteatonecrosis.


Abstract Tumor mimicking lesions in the musculoskeletal system are defined as benign non-neoplastic entities that may be clinically and/or radiologically confused with neoplasms. The etiology and anatomical locations of these lesions vary from normal variants to traumatic, inflammatory or metabolic lesions. With adequate interrogation, physical examination and appropriate selection of imaging methods, tumor lesions can be differentiated from non-tumor lesions. In cases where diagnostic certainty is not achieved, biopsy should be used to rule out malignancy. We analyzed eight cases from the Bone and Soft tissue Tumors Committee in our institution with presumptive diagnosis of tumor lesions and negative biopsies for neoplastic cells. We found eight patients being these lesions heterotopic calcification with bone sclerosis, stress injury, organized hematoma, abscesses, bone marrow infiltration with respected area, bone remodeling, reparative changes and steatonecrosis.

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