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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(6): 2259-2267, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375000

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se medir a prevalência de autopercepção negativa da saúde e sintomas depressivos em idosos segundo a presença de incontinência urinária, após nove anos de acompanhamento. Trata-se de um estudo de coorte prospectivo de base populacional intitulado Saúde do Idoso Gaúcho de Bagé, no Rio Grande do Sul. Foram entrevistados 1.593 idosos no estudo de linha de base (2008) e 735 entre setembro de 2016 e agosto de 2017. A exposição "incontinência urinária (IU)" foi avaliada no estudo de linha de base e os desfechos "autopercepção negativa da saúde" e "sintomas depressivos" em 2016/17. A razão de odds e o intervalo de confiança de 95% foram calculados com regressão logística bruta e ajustada para variáveis demográficas, sociais, comportamentais e de condições de saúde. A prevalência de IU foi 20,7% em 2008 e 24,5% em 2016/17; a incidência foi de 19,8%, sendo 23,8% entre as mulheres e 14,6% entre os homens (p = 0,009). Idosos com IU no estudo de linha de base apresentaram chances 4,0 (IC95%:1,8-8,8) e 3,4 (IC95%:1,8-6,2) vezes maior de desenvolver autopercepção negativa da saúde e sintomas depressivos, respectivamente, após nove anos de acompanhamento, comparados àqueles sem IU. Os resultados evidenciam maior chance de problemas mentais entre idosos com IU.


Abstract The scope of this study was to measure the prevalence of negative self-perceived health and depressive symptoms in elderly adults according to the presence of urinary incontinence, after a follow-up of nine years. This is a prospective population-based cohort study entitled Bagé Cohort Study of Aging, from Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 1,593 elderly adults were interviewed in the baseline study (2008) and 735 between September 2016 and August 2017. The "urinary incontinence (UI)" exposure was assessed in the baseline study and the outcomes "negative self-perceived health" and "depressive symptoms" in 2016/17. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated by Logistic Regression and adjusted for demographic, social, behavioral and health conditions. The prevalence of UI was 20.7% in 2008 and 24.5% in 2016/17; the incidence was 19.8%, being 23.8% among women and 14.6% among men (p = 0.009). Elderly adults with UI at the baseline study had a 4.0 (CI95%: 1.8-8.8) and a 3.4 (CI95%: 1.8-6.2) greater chance to develop negative self-perception of health and depressive symptoms, respectively, after nine years of follow-up, compared to those without UI. The results show a greater probability of mental problems among elderly adults with UI.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0122, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379800

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:objetivou-se descrever os procedimentos técnicos operacionais e dados clínicos relacionados à implantação de um programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico em um serviço público de atenção secundária. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência, baseado em vivências relacionadas à assistência acadêmico-profissional na implantação de serviço voltado aos distúrbios do assoalho pélvico na região do Cariri cearense, realizado de maio a julho de 2021. Resultados: para a implantação do serviço, adotaram-se as seguintes estratégias: rastreamento da rede de atenção à saúde da pessoa com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico; estruturação organizacional do serviço; captação de pessoas com disfunções pélvicas; início dos atendimentos; e seguimento terapêutico. Conclusão: face ao exposto, evidencia-se que o programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico pôde ser implantado satisfatoriamente, tendo em vista a infraestrutura, ao expressivo quantitativo de atendimentos realizados e ao seguimento terapêutico alcançado. Assim, com este relato, espera-se contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos serviços ambulatoriais voltados a essa área de atuação do enfermeiro estomaterapeuta e da equipe multidisciplinar.


Objective:the objective was to describe the technical operational procedures and clinical data related to the implementation of a health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders in a public secondary care service. Method: this is an experience report, based on experiences related to academic and professional assistance in the implementation of a service aimed at pelvic floor disorders in the Cariri region of Ceará, carried out from May to July 2021. Results: for the implementation of the service, the following strategies were adopted: tracking the health care network for people with pelvic floor disorders; organizational structuring of the service; capturing people with pelvic dysfunctions; start of care; and therapeutic follow-up. Conclusion: in view of the above, it is evident that the health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders could be implemented satisfactorily, considering the infrastructure, the significant amount of care provided and the therapeutic follow-up achieved. Thus, with this report, it is expected to contribute to the development of new outpatient services aimed at this area of work of the stomatherapist nurse and the multidisciplinary team.


Objetivo:El objetivo es describir los procedimientos técnicos operativos y datos clínicos relacionados a la implementación de un programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico en un servicio público de atención secundaria. Método: se trata de un reporte de experiencia, basado en vivencias relacionadas a la asistencia académico-profesional en la implementación de servicio destinado a los trastornos del suelo pélvico en la región del Cariri cearense, realizado de mayo a julio de 2021. Resultados: para la implementación del servicio, se adoptaron las siguientes estrategias: rastreo de la red de atención a la salud de personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico; estructuración organizacional del servicio; captación de personas con disfunciones pélvicas; inicio de la atención; y seguimiento terapéutico. Conclusión: frente a lo expuesto, queda evidente que el programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico puede ser implementado satisfactoriamente, teniendo en cuenta la infraestructura, el importante número de atenciones realizadas y al seguimiento terapéutico alcanzado. Así, con este informe, se espera contribuir al desarrollo de nuevos servicios ambulatorios destinados a esta área de trabajo del enfermero estomaterapeuta y del equipo multidisciplinario.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Delivery of Health Care , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Enterostomal Therapy
4.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 36-44, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361184

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo (IUE) tiene una alta prevalencia en mujeres adultas, afectando variables psicológicas, sociales y funcionales como la disminución de capacidad de equilibrio, debido a una escasa contribución en los movimientos del tronco hacia una corrección postural. Objetivo: Determinar los efectos de un programa basado en ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación sobre el equilibrio estático y la calidad de vida en mujeres con IUE. Materiales y métodos: Participaron 18 mujeres con IUE durante 12 semanas en 10 sesiones de ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación (hábitos de higiene, micción, ingesta de líquidos). Pre y post-intervención se evaluó equilibrio estático mediante oscilografía postural y calidad de vida mediante el International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short-Form (ICQ-SF). Los datos fueron analizados con la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Se encontró una disminución significativa en el área de desplazamiento del centro de presión en el subtest ojos abiertos (p=0,027) y en el Subtest ojos cerrados (p=0,006). Disminuyó la sintomatología asociada a IUE (p=0,0001). Conclusiones: Pos-intervención mejora equilibrio estático y calidad de vida, confirmando los efectos positivos de este programa que pueden servir de orientación a profesionales de la salud que trabajan con mujeres con IUE.


Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has high prevalence in adult women, affecting psychological, social and functional variables, including decreased balance capacity, due to a lack of trunk movements that contribute to postural correction. Objective: To determine how a program based on pelvic floor muscle exercises and education affects static balance and quality of life of women with SUI. Materials and methods: 18 SUI female patients participated in a 12 week/10 sessions program that included pelvic floor muscle exercises and education (hygiene habits, urination, fluid intake). Static balance and quality of life were assessed before and after the intervention using postural oscillography and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form(ICQ-SF), respectively. Data were analyzed with the non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Results: The displacement area of the center of pressure in the open (p=0.027) and closed (p=0.006) subtests showed a significant reduction. Likewise, the amount of symptoms associated with SUI decreased (p=0.0001). Conclusions: Intervention improves static balance and quality of life, confirming the positive effects of this program, which can serve as a guide for health professionals who work with women with SUI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Urologic Diseases , Exercise , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Incontinence, Stress , Postural Balance , Healthy Lifestyle
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 32-37, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375765

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the association of fecal incontinence (FI) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients diagnosed with initial prostate cancer (PC) and after any therapeutic approach (surgery and radiotherapy). Methods: Cross-sectional study using the Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score (CCIS), the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life (FIQL) questionnaire, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB). Results: A total of 84 patients with PC were included: 40 of them had not started treatment, 31 were submitted to radical prostatectomy (RP), and 13 were submitted to radiotherapy (RT). Those submitted to RT presented higher scores on the ICIQ-OAB (p=0.01). When comparing the whole sample reagarding the patients with and without FI, we observed that the incontinents presented a higher frequency of urinary incontinence (UI) (p<0.001). Moreover, when comparing patients with/without FI within their treatment groups regarding the presence of UI and FIQL scores, we identified that patients undergoing RP presented an association between UI and FI (p<0.001) and a greater impact of FI on the FIQL (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients submitted to RT present more intense LUTS. Moreover, patients with FI present a higher association with UI, and this association is more marked in those with FI submitted to RP. (AU)


Subject(s)
Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fecal Incontinence
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 70-77, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356275

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the use of transperineal ultrasonography while diagnosing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by comparing the urethral angle (α), posterior urethrovesical angle (β), and bladder neck descent (BND) during rest and Valsalva maneuver in continent women and women with SUI. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was conducted with 50 women with SUI and 50 continent women. Transperineal ultrasonography was performed at rest and during Valsalva maneuver. Q-tip test was performed. Results: During the Valsalva maneuver, both α and β angles were significantly higher in women with SUI (p <0.001). The difference between Valsalva and rest measurements of α and β angles (R α, R β) were also significantly higher in women with SUI (p <0.001). The cut-off point determined for the R α in the diagnosis of stress incontinence was 16° (80% sensitivity, 98% specificity). A statistically significant strong correlation was found between Q-tip test angle and R α value (p=0.000; r=0.890). Q-tip VAS pain scores were significantly higher than ultrasonography VAS pain scores (p <0.001). In relation to the bladder neck descent comparison between the two groups showed that BND was significantly higher in SUI group (p <0.001). The cut-off point determined for BND in the diagnosis of SUI was >11mm (90% sensitivity, 98% specificity). Conclusion: Transperineal ultrasonography is a practical, reliable, non-invasive and comfortable method for evaluation of SUI. It has the advantage of dynamic evaluation during the Valsalva maneuver. Rotation angles and BND have high sensitivity and specificity for detection of SUI. The change in α angle with Valsalva (Rα) can be used as an alternative to Q-tip test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/diagnostic imaging , Bandages , Urethra/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography
7.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20210398, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1377406

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to understand how aged people with intestinal ostomies experience this situation together with urinary incontinence. Method: a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research study, developed with 77 aged individuals with intestinal ostomies assisted by the Unified Health System, in four municipalities from the Metropolitan Region of Florianópolis. Data collection was conducted using semi-structured interviews from October 2019 to February 2020. The theoretical framework used was Dorothéa Orem's Self-Care Theory and the data were submitted to content analysis, in its thematic modality. Results: the analysis allowed generating three thematic categories: 1) Feelings generated by the intestinal ostomy and urinary incontinence: acceptance, denial, fear, insecurity, constraints experienced due to the ostomy and to the urinary incontinence symptoms; 2) Lifestyle changes; and 3) Deficit in self-image. Conclusion: it was evidenced that, for most of the research participants, it is difficult to accept the experience of living with an intestinal ostomy and urinary incontinence, which generally produce negative feelings. However, the participants proved to be resilient and able to adapt to the changes in lifestyle. Many of these behaviors are due to the health professionals' important contribution in providing them the necessary attention, encouraging self-care strategies in both situations.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender de qué manera los ancianos con ostomías intestinales viven esta situación junto con la incontinencia urinaria. Método: investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y exploratoria, desarrollada con 77 ancianos con estomías intestinales atendidos por el Sistema Único de Salud en cuatro municipios de la Región Metropolitana de Florianópolis. La recolección de datos se realizó entre octubre de 2019 y febrero de 2020 por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas. El marco de referencia teórico empleado fue la Teoría de Autocuidado de Dorothéa Orem; los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido, en su modalidad temática. Resultados: el análisis permitió generar tres categorías temáticas: 1) Sentimientos generados por la estomía intestinal y por la incontinencia urinaria: aceptación, negación, miedo, inseguridad, restricciones experimentadas a raíz de la ostomía y de los síntomas de la incontinencia urinaria; 2) Cambios en el estilo de vida; y 3) Déficit en la imagen propia. Conclusión: se hizo evidente que a la mayoría de los participantes de la investigación les resulta difícil aceptar la vida con una estomía intestinal e incontinencia urinaria, que generalmente les provocan sentimientos negativos. Sin embargo, los participantes se mostraron resilientes y aptos para adaptarse a los cambios en el estilo de vida. Muchos de estos comportamientos se deben al importante aporte de los profesionales de la salud al brindarles la atención necesaria, estimulando estrategias de autocuidado en ambas situaciones.


RESUMO Objetivo: compreender como o idoso com estomia intestinal vivencia essa situação em conjunto com a incontinência urinária. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória, desenvolvida junto a 77 idosos com estomia intestinal atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde, em quatro municípios da Região Metropolitana de Florianópolis. A coleta de dados foi realizada de outubro/2019 a fevereiro/2020, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada. O referencial teórico utilizado foi a Teoria de Autocuidado de Dorothéa Orem; os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, na modalidade temática. Resultados: a análise permitiu a geração de três categorias temáticas: 1) sentimentos gerados pela estomia intestinal e pela incontinência urinária: aceitação, negação, medo, insegurança, constrangimentos vivenciados pela estomia e os sintomas da incontinência urinária; 2) alterações do estilo de vida; 3) déficit na autoimagem. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que para a maioria dos participantes da pesquisa é difícil aceitar a vivência com estomia intestinal e incontinência urinária, que geralmente lhes provocam sentimentos negativos. No entanto, os participantes mostraram-se resilientes e aptos a se adaptar às mudanças no estilo de vida. Muitos desses comportamentos se devem à importante contribuição dos profissionais da saúde em dar-lhes a necessária atenção, estimulando estratégias de autocuidado em ambas as situações.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 311-315, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920774

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the health-seeking intention for urinary incontinence among adult women in Gansu Province, so as to provide insights into the management of female urinary incontinence.@*Methods @#Women at ages of 20 years and older who lived in 8 communities and 8 villages of Gansu Province for at least one year were recruited using the multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted from October 2019 to February 2020, and the demographic features, urinary incontinence status and health-seeking intention were collected and descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 3 580 questionnaires were allocated and 3 485 were recovered, with a recovery rate of 97.35%. The respondents had a mean age of ( 51.18±17.13 ) years, with 1 759 respondents ( 50.47% ) that lived in urban areas, and 1 726 ( 49.53% ) that lived in rural areas. There were 1 150 respondents with self-reported urinary incontinence ( 33.00% prevalence ), including 340 cases with stress urinary incontinence ( 29.57% ), 78 cases with urge urinary incontinence ( 6.78% ) and 732 cases with mixed urinary incontinence ( 63.65% ). The overall proportion of health-seeking intention for urinary incontinence was 41.57%, and the proportions of health-seeking intention were 51.76%, 39.74% and 37.02% for stress, urge and mixed urinary incontinence, respectively. The proportion of health-seeking intention for urinary incontinence appeared a tendency towards a decline with the increase in household monthly income per capita and frequency of urinary leakage, and appeared a tendency towards a rise with the increase in educational levels ( P<0.05 ). In addition, a higher proportion of health-seeking intention for urinary incontinence was seen in women living in urban areas than in rural areas (5 3.63% vs. 31.98%, P<0.05 ), and a higher proportion was found in women with mental labors than in those with physical labors ( 60.81% vs. 40.24%, P<0.05 ), while a higher proportion was found in married women than in divorced or widowed women ( 44.33% vs. 23.53%, P<0.05 ).@*Conclusions@#There is a low proportion of health-seeking intention for urinary incontinence among adult women in Gansu Province. Age, occupation, place of residence, educational level, income, marital status, and frequency of urine leakage may affect the intention to seek medical care for urinary incontinence among adult women.

9.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E131-E136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of internal and external sphincter loss synergy on stress distributions and urine flow rates of lower urinary tract organs and tissues. Methods Based on collodion slice, the geometric model of the lower urinary tract was reconstructed, and finite element model of the lower urinary tract with muscle active force was established. Through fluid structure coupling simulation, the changes of tissue stress and urine flow rate were simulated under four conditions: normal contraction of internal and external sphincter, total loss of muscle active force and single loss of muscle active force for internal and external sphincters at the end of urination. Results The urethral stress changes in normal contraction of internal and external sphincter muscles were the same as the clinically measured urethral pressure changes. Compared with normal contraction, when the internal sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, stress of the internal sphincter and the urethra of the prostate was reduced by 33.6% and 13.8%, and flow rate of urine in this position was also reduced. When the external sphincter lost its muscle active force alone, the urethral stress of the external sphincter and external urethra was reduced by 59.5% and 24.03%, respectively. When the internal and external sphincter lost muscle active force, stress of the internal sphincter, the prostate, the external sphincter and the external urethra were reduced by 38.77%, 18.6%, 63.58%, 29.74%, respectively, and flow velocity in the corresponding position was also reduced. Conclusions Internal and external sphincter loss synergy resulted in the difference of tissue stress and urine flow rate. The results can provide the theoretical basis for surgical treatment of urinary incontinence caused by sphincter.

10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924607

ABSTRACT

Pelvic floor trauma developing into pelvic frailty is a significant concern in urogynecology or orthopedics. The majority of women who have experienced vaginal childbirth are affected, to a certain extent, by some form of pelvic floor damage, thereby eliciting substantial alterations of functional anatomy in the pelvic cavity which are manifested as urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse (e.g., uterine prolapse). With the above in mind, medical researchers, continence experts, and continence exercise practitioners in the research areas of sports medicine and rehabilitation medicine believe that the coordinated activity of pelvic floor muscles, in association with the abdominal muscles, is a prerequisite for urinary and defecatory continence. Since the pelvic floor forms the base of the abdominal cavity, stronger pelvic floor muscles are crucial in maintaining such capabilities. Opposing action of the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles ensures that exercises for one may also strengthen the other. Appropriate abdominal maneuverability or logical exercise training of the abdominal muscles may thus be beneficial in maintaining not only strength but also coordination, flexibility, and endurance of pelvic floor muscles and abdominal muscles. Such exercises, collectively known as pelvic floor muscle training, may be effective for long-term pelvic cavity care and also in rehabilitating cases of pelvic floor dysfunction. Further research is needed, however, in determining whether pelvic floor muscle function can be truly enhanced or maintained by such exercises in cases of pelvic floor dysfunction and/or decreased urinary continence.

11.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924606

ABSTRACT

Urinary incontinence (UI) among older people is a common problem. Several treatments are available for older people with UI including surgery, drug therapies, and behavioral interventions. Recently, much attention has been placed on the behavioral treatments for UI, including pelvic floor muscle (PFM) exercise, weight loss exercise, and thermal therapy, as they have few risks, no side effects, and are effective. These therapies are often recommended as first line treatments for older people with UI. PFM exercise programs often incorporate alternations of fast contractions that are usually held for about two to three seconds interspersed with relaxation intervals of four to five seconds, and sustained contractions, where participants hold the contraction for about eight to ten seconds followed by a relaxation interval of ten to twelve seconds between the contractions. While exercise periods vary between 3 to 24 weeks, 8 to 12 weeks seems to be the most effective length for PFM exercise. The effectiveness of PFM exercise for the improvement of UI has been validated by many studies, with improvement rates ranging widely from 17 to 84%. Also, research has shown that UI is associated with obesity. Increases in body weight cause increases in abdominal wall weight, which in turn increases intra-abdominal pressure and intra-vesicular pressure. Therefore, abdominal fat reduction from exercise may decrease intra-abdominal pressure, perhaps causing improvements in urethral sphincter contraction and, hence, decreasing UI risk. Evidence reveals that PFM exercise and fitness training targeted at reducing modifiable risk factors are effective strategies for treating UI in older people, regardless of UI type.

12.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e3021, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1370502

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:levantar a ocorrência de sintomas urinários e intestinais em crianças da rede pública de ensino fundamental da capital paranaense. Método: estudo quantitativo, exploratório-descritivo e de corte transversal. Amostra de pais/responsáveis que preencheram os seguintes instrumentos: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; critérios de Roma IV; escala de Bristol. Análise realizada pelo IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Os dados foram coletados no período de agosto a outubro de 2019. Os critérios de inclusão eram a criança estar matriculada e frequentando regularmente o ensino fundamental e a entrega do questionário preenchido ou parcialmente preenchido. Resultados: Foram entregues 458 questionários. Dos totalmente preenchidos, 51,9% era de meninas, e a de idade foi de 7,7 anos; 83% das crianças apresentaram algum sintoma urinário e/ou intestinal de baixa gravidade. Sem diferença significativa de sintomas entre sexos, e com acréscimo significativo de gravidade em crianças com 7 anos ou menos. Sintomas mais prevalentes: frequência miccional reduzida, frequência evacuatória reduzida, esforço evacuatório, urgência miccional e manobras de contenção; 39,6% das crianças apresentavam Constipação Intestinal Funcional. Disfunção vesical e intestinal em 35 crianças, a maior prevalência no sexo feminino. Conclusão: alta ocorrência de sintomas urinários e intestinais nas crianças. O sintoma mais prevalente foi constipação.


Objective:survey the occurrence of urinary and intestinal symptoms in children from public elementary schools in the capital of Paraná. Method: quantitative, exploratory-descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sample of parents/guardians who completed the following instruments: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; Rome IV criteria; Bristol scale. Analysis performed by IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Data were collected from August to October 2019. Inclusion criteria were the child being enrolled and regularly attending elementary school and the delivery of the completed or partially completed questionnaire. Results: 458 questionnaires were delivered. Of those fully completed, 51.9% were girls, and the age was 7.7 years; 83% of the children had some urinary and/or intestinal symptoms of low severity. There was no significant difference in symptoms between genders, and with a significant increase in severity in children aged 7 years and under. Most prevalent symptoms: reduced voiding frequency, reduced defecation frequency, defecation effort, voiding urgency and containment maneuvers; 39.6% of the children had Functional Intestinal Constipation. Bladder and bowel dysfunction in 35 children, the highest prevalence in females. Conclusion: high occurrence of urinary and intestinal symptoms in children. The most prevalent symptom was constipation.


Objetivo:relevar la ocurrencia de síntomas urinarios e intestinales en niños de escuelas primarias públicas de la capital paranaense. Método: estudio cuantitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo y de corte transversal. Muestra de padres/responsables que completaron los siguientes instrumentos: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; criterios de Roma IV; escala de Bristol. Análisis realizado por el IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Los datos fueron recopilados en el periodo de agosto a octubre de 2019. Los criterios de inclusión eran de niños matriculados y que frecuenten regularmente la escuela primaria y la entrega del cuestionario completo o parcialmente completo. Resultados: Se entregaron 458 cuestionarios. De los totalmente completos, 51,9 % era de niñas, y la de edad fue de 7,7 años; 83 % de los niños presentaron algún síntoma urinario y/o intestinal de baja gravedad. Sin diferencia significativa de síntomas entre sexos, y con incremento significativo de gravedad en niños de 7 años o menos. Síntomas más prevalentes: frecuencia miccional reducida, frecuencia evacuatoria reducida, esfuerzo evacuatorio, urgencia miccional y maniobras de contención; 39,6 % de los niños presentaban Constipación Intestinal Funcional. Disfunción vesical e intestinal en 35 niños, la mayor prevalencia en el sexo femenino. Conclusión: alta ocurrencia de síntomas urinarios e intestinales en niños. El síntoma más prevalente fue el estreñimiento.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Child Health , Constipation , Enterostomal Therapy
13.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e2621, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1361946

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:analisar as tecnologias disponíveis na literatura utilizadas para a educação em saúde no cuidado às pessoas com incontinência urinária. Métodos: revisão integrativa, com buscas nas bases: Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde (IBECS), Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF) via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online via Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) da National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science e Embase. A coleta foi realizada em fevereiro de 2021, tendo como principais descritores: Incontinência urinária, Tecnologia educacional e Educação em saúde. Resultados: foram selecionados 91 artigos, após a análise dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão restaram 5 produções que foram selecionadas, apresentando como estratégia as tecnologias: curso de multimídia, vídeos, aplicativo móvel e livro/livreto. Os artigos foram publicados entre 1997 e 2020. As dimensões consideradas foram: desenvolvimento de tecnologias em saúde para o tratamento da incontinência urinária e conhecimento, adesão e efeito do uso de tecnologias em saúde para o tratamento da incontinência urinária. Conclusão: as tecnologias utilizadas foram diversificadas, sendo a adesão e o efeito diretamente proporcionais, e depende de como o indivíduo compreende a incontinência urinária e o impacto que ela traz na vida de cada um.


Objective:analyze the technologies available in the literature used for health education in the care of people with urinary incontinence. Methods: integrative review, with database searches: Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde (IBECS), Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF) via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online via Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) from the National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science and Embase. The collection was carried out in February 2021, with the main descriptors: Urinary Incontinence, Educational Technology and Health Education. Results: 91 articles were selected, after analyzing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, there were only 5 productions that were selected, presenting as a strategy the technologies: multimedia course, videos, mobile application and book/booklet. The articles were published between 1997 and 2020. The dimensions considered were: development of health technologies for the treatment of urinary incontinence and knowledge, adherence and the effect of using health technologies for the treatment of urinary incontinence. Conclusion: the technologies used were diversified, with the adherence and the effect being directly proportional, and it depends on how the individual understands urinary incontinence and the impact it brings on each person's life.


Objetivo:analizar las tecnologías disponibles en la literatura que se utilizan para la educación sanitaria en la atención a las personas con incontinencia urinaria. Métodos: revisión integradora, con búsquedas en las bases: Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud (IBECS), Base de Datos en Enfermería (BDENF) en la Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online vía Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) de la National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Sciencey Embase. La recopilación se realizó en febrero de 2021, teniendo como principales descriptores: Incontinencia urinaria, Tecnología educativa y Educación sanitaria. Resultados: se seleccionaron 91 artículos, luego de analizar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión quedaron 5 producciones que fueron seleccionadas, presentando como estrategia las tecnologías: curso de multimedios, videos, aplicación móvil y libro/libreto. Los artículos fueron publicados entre 1997 y 2020. Las dimensiones consideradas fueron: desarrollo de tecnologías sanitarias para el tratamiento de la incontinencia urinaria y el conocimiento, adhesión y efecto del uso de tecnologías sanitarias para el tratamiento de la incontinencia urinaria. Conclusión: las tecnologías utilizadas fueron diversas, siendo la adhesión y el efecto directamente proporcionales, dependiendo de cómo el individuo comprende la incontinencia urinaria y el impacto que esta causa en la vida de cada uno.


Subject(s)
Technology , Urinary Incontinence , Health Education , Biomedical Technology , Population Education , Enterostomal Therapy
14.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e2221, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353118

ABSTRACT

Objectives:apply the evaluation scale for the use of diapers and absorbent products (AUFA Scale) in patients admitted to the medical clinic; identify and analyze the results of this application, the sociodemographic profile of patients in vogue as well as repercussions on the skin related to the use of sanitary pads and diapers. Method: observational, cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory study, carried out in the medical clinic sector of the University Hospital Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), from November 2019 to February 2020, with a convenience sample of 46 patients. There was application of a form to survey general data and, later, the application of the AUFA scale, which identified the following variables: skin conditions, skin aging, cognitive ability, motor skills and incontinence. Results: all 46 patients were using diapers, half women and the other half men, mostly elderly and without a diagnosis of incontinence. In view of the application and analysis of the AUFA scale, only 18 patients (39.14%) were indicated for diaper use. With the inappropriate use of diapers, 27 patients had skin lesions resulting from moisture, a situation that was justified by the absence of systematic care observation for the prevention and treatment of dermatitis associated with incontinence in the evaluated patients. Conclusion:the use of the AUFA scale is indicated to identify patients who need to wear diapers, delimiting care with their management and thus preventing complications and worsening of incontinence.


Objetivos:aplicar a escala de avaliação do uso fraldas e absorventes (AUFA) nos pacientes internados na clínica médica; identificar e analisar os resultados dessa aplicação, o perfil sociodemográfico dos pacientes em vogo bem como repercussões à pele relacionadas ao uso de absorventes e fraldas. Método: estudo observacional transversal, descritivo e exploratório, realizado no setor de clínica médica do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), no período de novembro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020, com amostra por conveniência de 46 pacientes. Ocorreu aplicação de ficha para levantamento de dados gerais e, após, a AUFA, que identificou as seguintes variáveis: condições da pele, envelhecimento da pele, capacidade cognitiva, capacidade motora e incontinências. Resultados: todos os 46 pacientes encontravam-se em uso de fralda, sendo metade mulheres e a outra metade homens, em grande maioria composta de idosos e sem diagnóstico de incontinência. Diante da aplicação e análise da AUFA, apenas 18 pacientes (39,14%) tinham indicação para uso de fraldas. Com o uso inadequado da fralda, 27 pacientes apresentaram lesão de pele decorrente de umidade, situação que se justificou pela ausência da observação de cuidados sistematizados para prevenção e tratamento de dermatite associada à incontinência nos pacientes avaliados. Conclusão: indica-se o uso da escala AUFA para identificar os pacientes que necessitam usar fralda, delimitando cuidados com seu manejo e prevenindo, assim, complicações e agravamentos da incontinência.


Objetivos:aplicar la escala de evaluación del uso pañales y toallas sanitarias (AUFA) en los pacientes internados en la clínica médica; identificar y analizar los resultados de esta aplicación, el perfil sociodemográfico de los pacientes en estudio, así como repercusiones para la piel relacionadas al uso de toallas sanitarias y pañales. Método: estudio observacional transversal, descriptivo y exploratorio, realizado en el sector de clínica médica del Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), en el período de noviembre del 2019 a febrero del 2020, con muestra por conveniencia de 46 pacientes. Ocurrió la aplicación de ficha para el levantamiento de datos generales y, después, la AUFA, que identificó las siguientes variables: condiciones de la piel, envejecimiento de la piel, capacidad cognitiva, capacidad motora e incontinencias. Resultados: los 46 pacientes se encontraban en uso de pañal, siendo mitad mujeres y la otra mitad hombres, en gran mayoría compuesta por ancianos y sin diagnóstico de incontinencia. Ante la aplicación y análisis de la AUFA, solamente 18 pacientes (39,14%) tenían indicación para el uso de pañales. Con el uso inadecuado del pañal, 27 pacientes presentaron lesión de piel derivada de humedad, situación que se justificó por la ausencia de la observación de cuidados sistematizados para prevención y tratamiento de dermatitis asociada a la incontinencia en los pacientes evaluados. Conclusión: se indica el uso de la escala AUFA para identificar a los pacientes que necesitan usar pañal, delimitando cuidados con su manejo y previniendo, así, complicaciones y agravamientos de la incontinencia.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Nursing , Absorbent Pads , Disease Prevention , Enterostomal Therapy , Nursing Care
15.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e0721, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255203

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:conhecer o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico das pessoas com incontinência urinária em ambulatório de Hospital Universitário. Métodos: estudo transversal, em que se utilizou formulário semiestruturado com 63 mulheres que aguardavam atendimento nos ambulatórios de ginecologia e urologia, entre os meses de julho e agosto de 2019. Os dados foram processados no software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ­ SPSS 20.0. Resultados: foram realizadas entrevistas com mulheres com idade entre 19 e 77 anos. Dessas, 55,6% mantinha vida sexual ativa; 85,7% apresentava doença preexistente; 69,8% presentou perda urinária ao tossir, espirrar, sorrir, colocar peso e/ou fazer esforços; 12,7% precisa urinar assim que sentem vontade; e 17,5% apresenta perda de urina nas duas situações. Cerca de 35% procurou consulta devido à bexiga baixa e/ou perda de urina; 27% teve de 4 a 5 gestações. Dentre os fatores de risco associado à incontinência urinária, 28,6% tinha diabetes mellitus, 61,9% hipertensão arterial, 82,5% fazia uso de medicação contínua, 11,1% era obesa, 34,9% relatou problemas de constipação e 74,6% fez cirurgias pélvicas. Conclusão: concluiu-se que todas as mulheres do estudo apresentaram mais de um fator de risco para desenvolver incontinência urinária, reforçando sua multifatorialidade, bem como a importância de um tratamento holístico e multiprofissional.


Objective:to know the sociodemographic and clinical profile of people with urinary incontinence in an outpatient clinic of a University Hospital. Methods: cross-sectional study, using a semi-structured form with 63 women who were awaiting care at the gynecology and urology outpatient clinics, between the months of July and August 2019. The data were processed in the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ­ SPSS 20.0. Results: interviews were carried out with women aged between 19 and 77 years. Of these, 55.6% maintained an active sex life; 85.7% had pre-existing disease; 69.8% presented urinary loss when coughing, sneezing, smiling, putting on weight and/or making efforts; 12.7% need to urinate as soon as they feel like it; and 17.5% had loss of urine in both situations. About 35% sought consultation due to low bladder and/or loss of urine; 27% had 4 to 5 pregnancies. Among the risk factors associated with urinary incontinence, 28.6% had diabetes mellitus, 61.9% had arterial hypertension, 82.5% used continuous medication, 11.1% was obese, 34.9% reported constipation problems and 74.6% underwent pelvic surgery. Conclusion: it was concluded that all women in the study had more than one risk factor for developing urinary incontinence, reinforcing their multifactoriality, as well as the importance of a holistic and multiprofessional treatment.


Objetivo:Conocer el perfil sociodemográfico y clínico de personas con incontinencia urinaria en una consulta externa de un Hospital Universitario. Métodos: El estudio transversal, se utilizó un formulario semiestructurado con 63 mujeres que se encontraban en espera de atención en las consultas externas de Ginecología y Urología, entre los meses de julio y agosto de 2019. Los datos se procesaron mediante el Paquete Estadístico de la Ciencias sociales: software SPSS. Resultados: Se realizaron entrevistas con mujeres,; edad entre 19 y 77 años; mantuvieron una vida sexual activa 55,6% y 85,7% tenían enfermedad preexistente. Presentaron pérdidas urinarias al toser, estornudar, sonreír, engordar y/o realizar esfuerzos 69,8%; El 12,7% necesita orinar tan pronto como le apetece y el 17,5% tiene pérdida de orina en ambas situaciones. Aproximadamente el 35% buscó consulta debido a la disminución de la vejiga y / o la pérdida de orina; El 27% tuvo de 4 a 5 embarazos. Entre los factores de riesgo asociados a la incontinencia urinaria, el 28,6% tenía diabetes mellitus, el 61,9% hipertensión arterial, el 82,5% usaba medicación continua; El 11,1% eran obesos; 34,9% informó problemas de estreñimiento; El 74,6% se sometió a cirugía pélvica. Conclusión: Se concluye que todas las mujeres del estudio tenían más de un factor de riesgo para desarrollar IU, reforzando su multifactorialidad, así como la importancia de un tratamiento holístico y multiprofesional


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Health Profile , Prevalence , Nursing
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1091-1107, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Overactive bladder is a symptom complex consisting of bothersome storage urinary symptoms that is highly prevalent among both sexes and has a significant impact on quality of life. Various antimuscarinic agents and the beta-3 agonists mirabegron and vibegron are currently available for the treatment of OAB. Each drug has specific pharmacologic properties, dosing schedule and tolerability profile, making it essential to individualize the medical treatment for the patient's characteristics and expectations. In this manuscript, we review the most important factors involved in the contemporary pharmacological treatment of OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Muscarinic Antagonists/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-3 Receptor Agonists/therapeutic use
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1131-1135, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340014

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Urethral slings are a good treatment option for mild male stress urinary incontinence. There are many different sling options, but herein our group describes our techniques with the Advance® and Virtue® slings. More important than technique, we strongly think that patient selection is paramount to sling success. We only offer slings to patients who have low 24 hour pad weights, high Valsalva leak point pressure, and no history of pelvic radiation. Still, like with any surgery, we recommend that the surgeons implant the device that they are most comfortable with along with their chosen techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Suburethral Slings , Surgeons , Prostatectomy , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 847-852, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357076

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) before and during the COVID-19 quarantine in CrossFit women and their relationship with training level. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed among 197 women practicing CrossFit. The inclusion criteria were nulliparous women, between 18 and 45 years old, who had trained, before quarantine, in accredited gyms. The exclusion criteria were not following the COVID-19 prevention protocols and having UI on other occasions than just sport. An online questionnaire was emailed containing questions about frequency, duration, and intensity of training and data related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The participants were invited to answer whether they were infected with COVID-19 and what treatment/recommendation they have followed. Whether UI stopped among participants, they were asked about the possible reasons why this happened. The training intensity was categorized as "the same," "decreased" or "increased." Results The mean age of the participants was 32 years old and most (98.5%) could practice CrossFit during the pandemic. There was a decrease in training intensity in 64% of the respondents. Exercises with their own body weight, such as air squat (98.2%), were the most performed. Urinary incontinence was reported by 32% of the participants before the COVID-19 pandemic, and by only 14% of them during the pandemic (odds ratio [OR]=0.32 [0.19-0.53]; p<0.01; univariate analysis). Practitioners reported that the reason possibly related to UI improvement was the reduction of training intensity and not performing doubleunder exercise. Conclusion The reduction in the intensity of CrossFit training during the COVID-19 quarantine decreased the prevalence of UI among female athletes.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a prevalência de incontinência urinária (IU) no CrossFit, antes e durante a quarentena por COVID-19, e sua relação com a intensidade do treinamento. Métodos Estudo observacional com 197 atletas de CrossFit. Os critérios de inclusão foram: nulíparas, 18 a 45 anos, treinando antes da quarentena em academias credenciadas. Os critérios de exclusão foram: não seguir os protocolos de prevenção da COVID-19 e ter IU em outras ocasiões que não apenas no esporte. Utilizou-se um questionário online com perguntas sobre frequência, duração e intensidade do treinamento e dados relacionados à pandemia, além de caso tivessem tido infecção pelo SARS-COV2, qual tratamento/recomendação seguiram. Caso a IU tenha parado entre as participantes, elas foram perguntadas quanto quais as possíveis razões pelas quais isso aconteceu. A intensidade do treinamento foi categorizada como "igual," "diminuída" ou "aumentada ". Resultados A média de idade foi de 32 anos e a maioria (98,5%) conseguiu praticar CrossFit durante a pandemia. Houve uma diminuição na intensidade do treinamento em 64% das entrevistadas. Exercícios com o próprio peso corporal, como agachamento no ar (98,2%), foram os mais realizados. Incontinência urinária foi relatada por 32% das participantes antes da pandemia e por apenas 14% durante a pandemia (odds ratio [OR]=0,32 [0,19-0,53]; p<0,01). As atletas relataram que o motivo possivelmente relacionado à melhora da IU foi a redução da intensidade do treinamento e não realizar o exercício doubleunder. Conclusão A redução da intensidade do treinamento de CrossFit durante a quarentena por COVID-19 diminuiu a prevalência de IU entre as atletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Urinary Incontinence/prevention & control , Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Quarantine , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged
19.
Colomb. med ; 52(3): e2064198, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360377

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pelvic floor dysfunctions have an impact on women's sexual function. A Chilean study found that 74% of women have pelvic floor dysfunctions, but there is no validated tool for them. Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) for assessing sexual function in Chilean women with pelvic floor dysfunctions. Methods: Cross-sectional study of psychometrics in 217 women with pelvic floor dysfunction, age 18 or older, and sexually active (last 6 months). Non-probability, convenience sampling. Tool: PISQ-12. Experts checked content validity, construct validity with confirmatory factor analysis, reliability with Cronbach's alpha, and discriminating capacity with Pearson and McDonald's omega. Results: Population is mainly perimenopausal, highly educated with no income and with urinary incontinence (89.4%). Psychometric analysis supports a three-factor structure: sexual response, female sexual problems, and male sexual problems, with a good (α= 0.85), acceptable (α= 0.73), and poor (α= 0.63) reliability, respectively, but McDonald's omega was acceptable for all three. These were related to age (rs: -0.33), education (rs: 0.36), number of pregnancies (rs: -0.18) and vaginal births (rs: -0.25). Conclusions: PISQ-12 is valid and reliable for measuring sexual dimension and problems. Age, education, and number of pregnancies and vaginal births are moderately correlated to sexual response.


Resumen Introducción: Las disfunciones del piso pélvico impactan la función sexual de mujeres que la padecen. En un estudio chileno un 74% de las mujeres presentó disfunción sexual sin tener un instrumento validado para esta población. Objetivo: Evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) para medir la función sexual en mujeres chilenas con disfunciones del piso pélvico. Métodos: Estudio transversal psicométrico de 217 mujeres con disfunción del piso pélvico, igual /mayor a 18 años, sexualmente activas (últimos 6 meses). Muestreo no probabilístico de conveniencia. Cuestionario: PISQ-12. Se realizó juicio de expertos para validez de contenido, análisis factorial confirmatorio para validez de constructo y el α de Cronbach para confiabilidad y capacidad discriminativa con Pearson y ω de McDonald. Resultados: Población principalmente perimenopáusica, alta escolaridad sin ingresos y con Incontinencia Urinaria (89.4%). El análisis psicométrico apoyó una estructura de tres factores: respuesta sexual, limitaciones sexuales femeninas y limitaciones sexuales masculinas, con confiabilidad buena (α= 0.85) aceptable (α= 0.73) y pobre (α= 0.63), respectivamente, aunque el ω de McDonald mostró valores aceptables para los tres. Éstos se relacionaron con edad (rs: -0.33), escolaridad (0.36), número de embarazos (-0.18) y partos vaginales (-0.25). Conclusiones: El PISQ-12 es válido y confiable, midiendo la dimensión sexual y limitaciones sexuales. La edad, escolaridad, número de embarazos y partos vaginales se correlaciona con la respuesta sexual en intensidad moderada.

20.
Femina ; 49(8): 501-504, 20210831.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342421

ABSTRACT

A bexiga hiperativa caracteriza-se pela urgência miccional, geralmente acompa- nhada de noctúria e aumento da frequência urinária. Trata-se de afecção preva- lente, com enorme comprometimento da qualidade de vida, em todos os seus as- pectos. Diversos biomarcadores vêm sendo estudados para melhor caracterização dos diferentes fenótipos da afecção, entre eles as neurotrofinas urinárias, o ATP, a genômica e a microbiota urinária. Acredita-se que tal caracterização poderá ter implicações para prevenção, fisiopatologia e individualização do tratamento.(AU)


The overactive bladder is characterized by urinary urgency, usually accompanied by nocturia and increased urinary frequency. It is a prevalent condition, with enormous impairment of quality of life, in all its aspects. Several biomarkers have been studied to better characterize the different phenotypes of the condition, including urinary neurotrophins, ATP, genomics and urinary microbiota. It is believed that such charac- terization may have implications for prevention, pathophysiology and individualiza- tion of treatment.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Urinary Incontinence, Urge , Biomarkers , Adenosine Triphosphate , Genomics , Microbiota , Nerve Growth Factors
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