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1.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 91(5): 359-364, dic. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550700

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La cardiopatía isquémica es la causa más frecuente de insuficiencia cardíaca, con una alta incidencia de esta a pesar de la revascularización precoz y la modulación neurohormonal. En el contexto del infarto agudo de miocardio los cardiomiocitos necrosados inducen la activación del sistema inmune innato, con aumento de la concentración de células inflamatorias que ayudan a eliminar las células muertas, e iniciar una respuesta correctiva que permite la formación adecuada de tejido cicatrizal.La prolongación o expansión de la respuesta inflamatoria posterior al infarto contribuye al remodelado adverso ventricular y al desarrollo de insuficiencia cardíaca.Entender los mecanismos inflamatorios que se desarrollan producto del infarto, y su impacto en el remodelado adverso que aumenta el número de eventos cardiovasculares mayores, permite comprender a la inflamación como un objetivo terapéutico.


ABSTRACT Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of heart failure, with a high incidence of heart failure despite early revascularization and neurohormonal modulation.In the acute myocardial infarction setting, necrotized cardiomyocytes induce activation of the innate immune system, increasing the levels of inflammatory cells to help remove dead cells and initiate a corrective response, which allows for proper scar tissue formation.A prolonged or expanded inflammatory response after infarction contributes to adverse ventricular remodeling and development of heart failure.Understanding the inflammatory mechanisms that emerge as a result of myocardial infarction and their impact on adverse remodeling that leads to an increased.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1059-1065, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ventricular remodeling after acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (AAMI) is an important factor in occurrence of heart failure which additionally results in poor prognosis. Therefore, the treatment of ventricular remodeling needs to be further optimized. Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP), a traditional Chinese medicine, exerts a protective effect on microcirculatory disturbance caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuates ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function after AAMI on a larger scale.@*METHODS@#This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial. The total of 268 patients with AAMI after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) will be randomly assigned 1:1 to the CDDP group (n=134) and control group (n=134) with a follow-up of 48 weeks. Both groups will be treated with standard therapy of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), with the CDDP group administrating 20 tablets of CDDP before pPCI and 10 tablets 3 times daily after pPCI, and the control group treated with a placebo simultaneously. The primary endpoint is 48-week echocardiographic outcomes including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), and left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI). The secondary endpoint includes the change in N terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level, arrhythmias, and cardiovascular events (death, cardiac arrest, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, rehospitalization due to heart failure or angina pectoris, deterioration of cardiac function, and stroke). Investigators and patients are both blinded to the allocated treatment.@*DISCUSSION@#This prospective study will investigate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function in patients undergoing pPCI for a first AAMI. Patients in the CDDP group will be compared with those in the control group. If certified to be effective, CDDP treatment in AAMI will probably be advised on a larger scale. (Trial registration No. NCT05000411).


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Remodeling , Prospective Studies , Microcirculation , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1077-1086, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Guanxin V, which is prescribed for ventricular remodeling in clinical practice.@*METHODS@#Guanxin V-, ventricular remodeling-, and inflammation-related targets were obtained through an integrated strategy of virtual screening and systematic pharmacology, and then the shared targets were visualised with a Venn diagram. Guanxin V network and the protein-protein interaction network were drawn, and enrichment analysis was conducted. Finally, the main results obtained from the integrated strategy were validated by molecular docking and in vivo experiments.@*RESULTS@#A total of 251, 11,425, and 15,246 Guanxin V-, ventricular remodeling-, and inflammation-related targets were acquired, respectively. Then, 211 shared targets were considered to contribute to the mechanism of ventricular remodeling treated by Guanxin V. Guanxin network and the protein-protein interaction network were drawn, and enrichment analysis showed some cardiovascular-related biological processes and signaling pathways. Molecular docking revealed that the Guanxin V-derived compounds could align with key targets. Final in vivo experiments proved that Guanxin V reverses ventricular remodeling by inhibiting inflammation.@*CONCLUSION@#Guanxin V relieves ventricular remodeling by regulating inflammation, which provides new ideas for the anti-ventricular remodeling mechanism of Guanxin V.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Ventricular Remodeling , Inflammation/drug therapy
4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2090-2100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997267

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the efficacy and safety of Tongguan Capsule(通冠胶囊)on ventricular remodeling in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to explore the possible mechanism. MethodsA total of 53 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients were collected and randomly divided into 26 cases in the treatment group and 27 cases in the control group. The control group was given conventional therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for AMI, and the treatment group was given Tongguan Capsules (4.5 g each time, 3 times a day) on the basis of the control group. The course of treatment was 12 weeks. Echocardiographic data and stool samples were collected from subjects before and after the intervention, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVi), left ventricular mass index (LVMi) were measured and calculated, so as to compare the number of cases of left ventricular remodeling in the two groups. At the same time, 16S rDNA sequencing was performed on the stool samples to analyze the diversity of gut microbiota (GM), the composition of the GM, the GM difference between the groups; recording the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and adverse reactions of patients in the two groups during the study period; and performing Spearman's correlation analyses of the post-treatment flora data with LVEF, LVEDVi, LVESVi, LVM, and LVMi in the two groups. ResultsOne case fail to follow up in the treatment group and 2 cases fail to follow up in the control group, and 25 cases in each of the two groups were finally included in the analysis. LVEDVi, LVESVi, and LVMi of the control group after treatment were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05); after treatment, LVEDVi, LVESVi and LVMi in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Left ventricular remodeling occurred in 5 cases (20.00%) in the treatment group and 13 cases (52.00%) in the control group, and the incidence of left ventricular remodeling in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group (P=0.03). After treatment, the ACE estimation and Chao estimation of bacterial abundance in the treatment group were higher than that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.05). The treatment group showed an increase in Mycobacterium anisopliae phylum and a decrease in Mycobacterium thickum, Mycobacterium anisopliae phylum, and Mycobacterium patella phylum after treatment (P<0.05). When comparing between groups after treatment, the relative abundance of Prevotella, Agathobacter, Dialister, Eubacterium coprostanoligenes group was up-reuglated and the relative abundance of Enterococcus was down-regulated in the treatment group(P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACEs and the occurrence of adverse reactions between groups during treatment (P>0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that Prevotella were positively correlated with LVEF and negatively correlated with LVEDVi, LVESVi, LVM, and LVMi (P<0.01). Agathobacter group were negatively correlated with LVEDVi, LVESVi (P<0.01); Enterococcus group were positively correlated with LVESVi (P<0.05). ConclusionTongguan Capsules can improve ventricular remodeling in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with better safety; its mechanism may be related to adjusting the enrichment of related bacteria such as Prevotella, Dialister and Enterococcus and other related bacterial genera, increasing the colonization and diversity of beneficial bacteria, and adjusting the structure of GM.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 583-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left atrial(LA) function and its value in predicting left ventricular(LV) remodeling in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) by four dimensional automatic left atrial quantitation (4D Auto LAQ).Methods:A total of 176 patients with CHD were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2021 to September 2022. They were divided into two groups according to left ventricular mass index: LV remodeling group (female>95 g/m 2, male>115 g/m 2, n=88) and Non-LV remodeling group (female≤95 g/m 2, male≤115 g/m 2, n=88). The 3D dynamic image of LA was analyzed by 4D Auto LAQ on machine to obtain the LA parameters, including the minimum, maximum, pre-systolic and emptying volumes of LA (LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA, LAEV), LA ejection fraction (LAEF), LA reservoir longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASr, LASr-c), LA conduit longitudinal and circumferential strains (LAScd, LAScd-c) and LA contraction longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASct, LASct-c). Logistic regression models were used to analyze the value of LA parameters in predicting LV remodeling in patients with CHD. ROC curve was used to evaluate LA parameters and left atrial volume index (LAVI) to predict the diagnostic efficiency of LV remodeling. Results:Compared with the Non-LV remodeling group, LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA were significantly increased and LAEF, LASr, LAScd, LASct, LASr-c, LAScd-c, LASct-c were significantly decreased in the LV remodeling group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression model showed that LASct-c was an independent risk factor for LV remodeling in patients with CHD after adjustment( OR=2.018, 95% CI=1.214-3.355). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of LASct-c for predicting LV remodeling in CHD patients was 0.844, the sensitivity was 0.784, and the specificity was 0.761. Conclusions:4D Auto LAQ can effectively evaluate LA function in patients with CHD.LASct-c can be used as a reference index to predict LV remodeling in patients with CHD, which provides a new evaluation method in prognosis evaluation of CHD patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 493-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of non-invasive myocardial work imaging in evaluating the cardiac function of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with left ventricular remodeling (LVR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:One hundred and twenty-six patients with STEMI undergoing PCI in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from December 2021 to September 2022 were prospectively collected and divided into left ventricular remodeling group (LVR group, 34 cases) and non left ventricular remodeling group (NLVR group, 92 cases) according to whether there was left ventricular remodeling 3 months after surgery. General data were collected. Routine echocardiography and noninvasive myocardial work imaging were performed before, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery, the differences in the above parameters between the two groups were compared. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the indicators.Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors of left ventricular remodeling after STEMI, and a predictive model was obtained. The diagnostic value of the model was judged by ROC curve.Results:①General information comparison: There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, average number of stents implanted, and history of hyperlipidemia (all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in other data (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) parameters and non-invasive myocardial work (MW) parameters between the two groups before and 1 week after operation (both P>0.05). ②2D-TTE parameter comparison: LVESV and LVEDV at 3 months after PCI in the LVR group were significantly higher than those in the NLVR group, and LVEF and E/A were significantly lower than those in the NLVR group (all P<0.05); There were no significant differences in other indexes between the two groups by conventional echocardiography at 3 months after PCI(all P>0.05). ③Comparisons of noninvasive myocardial work parameters: GLS, GWE, GWI, GCW at 1 month and 3 months after PCI in the LVR group were significantly lower than those in the NLVR group, and GWW were significantly higher than those in the NLVR group ( P<0.001). ④Correlation analysis: GLS, GWE, GCW, GWI and LVEDV were negatively correlated at 1 month after operation ( r=-0.42, -0.38, -0.50, -0.53, all P<0.001), GWW was positively correlated with LVEDV ( r=0.45, P<0.001). ⑤Logistic regression analysis: GLS<17%, GCW<1 900 mmHg%, GWW>105 mmHg%, and GWE<90 mmHg% at 1 month after PCI were independent predictors for LVR in STEMI patients after PCI (all P<0.05). The predictive model was Logit (P)=0.692GLS+ 0.804GCW+ 0.972GWW+ 0.880GWE. The AUC of this model was 0.886, 95% CI=0.845-0.926, which was significantly higher than single index, the sensitivity was 0.86, and the specificity was 0.79. Conclusions:GLS, GWE, GWI, GCW are positively correlated with LVR, while GWW is negatively correlated with left ventricular remodeling. Noninvasive myocardial work parameters are independent risk factors for left ventricular remodeling in patients with STEMI after PCI surgery. This technique can be used to evaluate LVR and has great clinical application value.

7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 258-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in left ventricular dysfunction between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia, and analyze the application value of three-dimensional speckle tracking technology.Methods:The clinical data of 70 patients with T2DM admitted to Heji Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College from January 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 35 patients had hyperlipidemia and 35 patients had no hyperlipidemia. At the same time, 40 healthy subjects who concurrently underwent health checkups in the same hospital were included as healthy controls. All subjects underwent routine cardiac ultrasound and 3D-STE examinations. General clinical information and left ventricular function-related parameters, including global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, global area strain, and global radial strain were compared between healthy controls and T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia and those without hyperlipidemia.Results:The proportion of left ventricular remodeling increased in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of left ventricular hypertrophy was the highest in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia. Global longitudinal strain and global circumferential strain in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia were (-16.97 ± 2.59)% and (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)% and (-18.71 ± 2.92)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.95, 0.57, both P < 0.05). Global longitudinal strain, global circumferential strain, and global area strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia were (-14.98 ± 3.15)%, (-15.80 ± 3.16)%, (-27.17 ± 4.54)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (-18.86 ± 2.46)%, (-18.71 ± 2.92)%, (-30.62 ± 4.02)% in healthy controls ( t = 0.46, 1.37, 0.98, all P < 0.05) and (-16.97 ± 2.59)%, (-17.41 ± 2.50)%, (-30.06 ± 3.59)% in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia ( t = 0.37, 1.02, 0.77, all P < 0.05). Global radial strain in T2DM patients with hyperlipidemia was significantly higher than [(51.49 ± 8.94)%, t = 1.35, P < 0.05] in healthy controls and [(47.71± 8.46)%, t = 0.98, P < 0.05] in T2DM patients without hyperlipidemia. In patients with T2DM, fasting blood glucose and hyperlipidemia were independently correlated with all strain-related parameters. Conclusion:Hyperlipidemia can aggravate left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in patients with T2DM and 3D-STE is one of the examination methods for subclinical left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in T2DM patients with or without hyperlipidemia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 385-390, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of sacubitril valsartan sodium on vascular sclerosis and ventricular remodeling in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathical coronary heart disease.Methods:A prospective research method was adopted. One hundred and eighty-six patients with coronary heart disease who were treated in Hangzhou Ninth People′s Hospital from January to December 2021 were selected and divided into control group and observation group by random digits table method, with 93 cases in each group. The control group adopted routine treatment method of aspirin + metoprolol + nitroglycerin + captopril according to the guideline, while the observation group was additionally treated with sacubitril valsartan sodium on the basis of the control group. The clinical efficacy, vascular endothelial function and hardness, cardiac function, ventricular remodeling and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:The total effective rate of treatment in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group: 96.77%(90/93) vs. 87.10%(81/93), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). After treatment, the brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group: (14.46 ± 2.80)% vs. (13.09 ± 2.74)%, the level of endothelin-1 was significantly lower than that in control group: (73.32 ± 9.63) ng/L vs. (77.47 ± 10.35) ng/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group: (50.87 ± 3.52)% vs. (49.72 ± 3.71)%, the left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and ventricular remodeling indicators of interventricular septal thickness and left ventricular mass index were significantly lower than those in control group: (38.26 ± 5.18) mm vs. (40.05 ± 5.20) mm, (50.49 ± 4.33) mm vs. (52.08 ± 4.25) mm, (8.95 ± 0.39) mm vs. (9.08 ± 0.41) mm, (118.49 ± 9.58) g/m 2 vs. (121.58 ± 9.62) g/m 2, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). There were no statistical differences in the levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol after treatment between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in the incidences of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Sacubitril valsartan sodium has a good clinical efficacy in the treatment of coronary heart disease, and it can improve cardiac function and vascular sclerosis and reverse ventricular remodeling. In addition, it has no significant adverse reactions and is conducive to disease recovery.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 161-167, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanism of Tingli dazao xiefei decoction on ventricular remodeling in model rats with heart failure after myocardial infarction. METHODS The rat model of heart failure after myocardial infarction was established by ligation of anterior descending branch of left coronary artery, which was divided into 8 groups: sham operation group, model group, A779 group (1 mg/kg), A779 (1 mg/kg)+Tingli dazao xiefei decoction equivalent-dose group (0.8 g/kg), A779 (1 mg/kg) +Tingli dazao xiefei decoction high-dose group (1.6 g/kg), Tingli dazao xiefei decoction equivalent-dose group (0.8 g/kg), Tingli dazao xiefei decoction high-dose group (1.6 g/kg) and losartan potassium group (10 mg/kg). Each group was given equal volume of distilled water or corresponding drugs intragastrically for 4 weeks. Masson staining was used to determine the distribution of collagen fibers in rat myocardium. The content of hydroxyproline (Hyp) in myocardium was determined by alkaline hydrolyzation. The expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen (COLⅠ, COLⅢ)in myocardium were detected by immunohisto-chemistry. Myocardial fibrosis-related indexes such as matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (sST-2) were detected by ELISA. The protein expressions of angiotensin converting enzyme 2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas [ACE2-Ang-(1-7)-Mas] axis were detected by Western blot. RESULTS Compared with sham operation group, myocardial cells in model group and A779 group were disordered, collagen fiber deposition was significantly increased and myocardial fibrosis was obvious; the Hyp content and MMP-2, MMP-9, sST-2 levels were increased, and COL Ⅰ and COL Ⅲ positive expressions were significantly enhanced; TIMP-1 level, protein expressions of ACE2, Ang-(1-7) and Mas were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, above indexes of Tingli dazao xiefei decoction equivalent-dose and high-dose groups were improved to different extents. Compared with A779 group, A779+Tingli dazao xiefei decoction equivalent-dose and A779+high-dose groups could improve myocardial arrangement and collagen distribution, reduce the Hyp content and MMP-2, MMP-9 levels, reduce positive expressions of COL Ⅰ and COL Ⅲ (P<0.05), but couldn’t improve Ang-(1-7) and Mas protein expression. CONCLUSIONS Tingli dazao xiefei decoction can improve ventricular remodeling in myocardial failure model rats after myocardial infarction by improving the expression of ACE2- Ang(- 1-7)-Mas axis proteins.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 824-831, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014622

ABSTRACT

SGLT2 inhibitors currently have clear benefits in the treatment of heart failure whether combined with diabetes or not. Ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction leads to the occurrence and development of heart failure, and eventually leads to death. There are relatively few studies on SGLT2 inhibitors in patients with myocardial infarction. The purpose of this article is to review the research progress of SGLT2 inhibitors application before and after myocardial infarction.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1023-1029, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013898

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, appearing at the last point of atherosclerotic plaque progression and unstable rupture. Impaired cellular signals after myocardial infarction leads to maladaptive changes, leading to ventricular remodeling and heart failure. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a kind of non-coding small RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression and regulate protein synthesis rate by changing the stability of targeted mRNA. This article reviews the latest research progress on the involvement of miRNAs in the progression of atherosclerotic plaques, the molecular mechanism of cardiac injury and subsequent remodeling during infarction, as well as the results of clinical studies, and puts forward the problems and limitations of targeted miRNAs in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and ventricular remodeling.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2397-2398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013676

ABSTRACT

Methods The model of heart failure after myocardial infarction was established by left coronary artery liga-tion in rats. Two weeks after modeling, all rats were randomly divided into model group, LGZGD group, and captopril group. Meanwhile sham operation group was set up. The rats were given continuous intragastric administration with drug or distilled water for 28 days, once a day. The behavioral signs of rats in each group were observed. The cardiac function of rats in each group was examined by echocardiography. Serum BNP and NT-ProBNP content were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay; The changes of myocardial his-topathological and collagen fibers in rats were detected using sirius staining. The contents of oxidative stress index including ROS, SOD in myocardial tissue of rats in each group were observed by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe and Enzyme-linked immunoassay. The ultra-structure of mitochondria was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Expressions of apoptotic proteins ( mitochondrial CytC, cytoplasmic CytC) were detec- ted by Western blot. Expression of proteins related to the Nrf2/BNIP3 pathway were examined by immunoflu-orescence and Western blot. Results LGZGD could significantly improve the cardiac function of rats, reduce the contents of BNP and NT-ProBNP, inhibit the excessive deposition of collagen in myocardial interstiti-um, reduce ROS, increase the content of SOD, improve mitochondrial structure damage, up-regulate the expression of Nrf2 and nuclear translocation, and reduce the expression of BNIP3. Conclusions LGZGD can inhibit the ventricular remodeling and prevent the occurrence of heart failure after myocardial infarction. Its pharmacological effects are mainly related to regulating the Nrf2/BNIP3 pathway, activating Nrf2, promoting its nuclear transfer, and further down-regulating BNIP3 , protecting mitochondrial function, and reducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2390-2397, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013660

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether Linggui Zhugan Decoction ( LGZGD) can inhibit ventricular remodeling and prevent heart failure in rats after myocardial infarction by regulating Nrf2/BNIP3 pathway. Methods The model of heart failure after myocardial infarction was established by left coronary artery ligation in rats. Two weeks after modeling, all rats were randomly divided into model group, LGZGD group, and captopril group. Meanwhile sham operation group was set up. The rats were given continuous intragastric administration with drug or distilled water for 28 days, once a day. The behavioral signs of rats in each group were observed. The cardiac function of rats in each group was examined by echocardiography. Serum BNP and NT-ProBNP content were detected by enzyme -linked immunoassay; The changes of myocardial his-topathological and collagen fibers in rats were detected using sirius staining. The contents of oxidative stress index including ROS, SOD in myocardial tissue of rats in each group were observed by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe and Enzyme-linked immunoassay. The ultra-structure of mitochondria was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Expressions of apoptotic proteins ( mitochondrial CytC, cytoplasmic CytC) were detected by Western blot. Expression of proteins related to the Nrf2/BNIP3 pathway were examined by immunofluorescence and Western blot. Results LGZGD could significantly improve the cardiac function of rats, reduce the contents of BNP and NT-ProBNP, inhibit the excessive deposition of collagen in myocardial interstiti-um, reduce ROS, increase the content of SOD, improve mitochondrial structure damage, up-regulate the expression of Nrf2 and nuclear translocation, and reduce the expression of BNIP3. Conclusions LGZGD can inhibit the ventricular remodeling and prevent the occurrence of heart failure after myocardial infarction. Its pharmacological effects are mainly related to regulating the Nrf2/BNIP3 pathway, activating Nrf2, promoting its nuclear transfer, and further down-regulating BNIP3, protecting mitochondrial function, and reducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(6): 946-957, dez. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420140

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: As matrizes metaloproteinases (MMPs) podem afetar o volume extracelular (VEC) e seus compartimentos, e isso pode oferecer informações mais detalhadas sobre o mecanismo de remodelação adversa (RA) do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) após o infarto agudo do miocárdio (IM). Objetivos: Investigar o papel que as alterações (Δ) nos compartimentos de VEC (volume matriz (MVi) e volume celular (CVi)) desempenham no desenvolvimento de RA após o IM, e sua relação com as expressões de MMP-2. Métodos: Um total de noventa e dois pacientes com primeiro IM passaram por exames de imagens por ressonância magnética cardiovascular 3 Tesla realizados 2 semanas (linha de base) e 6 meses após o IM. Medimos o mapeamento T1 com sequências MOLLI. O VEC foi obtido após o realce pelo gadolínio. O VEC e a massa do VE foram usados para calcular o MVi e o CVi. A RA foi definida como um aumento de ≥ 12% no volume diastólico final do VE em 6 meses. As MMPs foram medidas usando-se um sistema de imunoensaio multiplex em grânulos no primeiro dia (linha de base) e 2 semanas após o IM. Um P valor <0,05 foi aceito como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Os níveis de linha de base de MVi média e VEC médio foram mais altos no grupo com RA em comparação com o grupo sem RA (42,9±6,4 vs. 39,3±8,2 %, p= 0,037; 65,2±13,7 vs. 56,7±14,7 mL/m2, p=0,010; respectivamente). Os níveis de CVi eram semelhantes entre os grupos. Foi encontrada uma correlação positiva entre os níveis de linha de base de MMP-2 e os níveis de linha de base de VEC (r=0,535, p<0,001) e MVi (r=0,549, p<0,001). O aumento dos níveis de ΔMVi foi um preditor independente da RA (RC=1,03, p=0,010). O ΔMVi teve um desempenho diagnóstico superior quando comparado ao ΔVEC na previsão do (ΔAUC: 0,215±0,07, p<0,001). Conclusão: Níveis altos de MVi estão associados à RA, e o ΔMVi foi um preditor independente de RA. Isso pode estar associado à liberação de MMP-2 devido ao aumento da resposta inflamatória.


Abstract Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) can affect myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) and its compartments, and this can provide more detailed information about the mechanism of adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling (AR) after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Objectives: To investigate the role of changes (Δ) in ECV compartments (matrix volume (MVi) and cell volume (CVi)) in the development of AR after MI, and their relationship with MMP-2 expressions. Methods: Ninety-two first MI patients who underwent 3 Tesla cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging performed 2 weeks (baseline) and 6 months post-MI. We measured T1 mapping with MOLLI sequences. ECV was performed post-gadolinium enhancement. ECV and LV mass were used to calculate MVi and CVi. AR was defined as an increase of ≥ 12% in LV end-diastolic volume in 6 months. MMPs were measured using a bead-based multiplex immunoassay system at first day (baseline) and 2 weeks post-MI. P <0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results: Mean ECV and mean MVi baseline levels were higher in AR group compared to without AR group (42.9±6.4 vs 39.3±8.2%, p= 0.037; 65.2±13.7 vs 56.7±14.7 mL/m2, p=0.010; respectively). CVi levels was similar between groups. A positive correlation was found between baseline levels of MMP-2 and baseline levels of ECV (r=0.535, p<0.001) and MVi (r=0.549, p<0.001). Increased ΔMVi levels was independently predictor of AR (OR=1.03, p=0.010). ΔMVi had superior diagnostic performance compared to ΔECV in predicting AR (ΔAUC: 0.215±0.07, p<0.001). Conclusion: High MVi levels are associated with AR, and ΔMVi was independently predictor of AR. This may be associated with MMP-2 release due to increased inflammatory response.

16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 161-175, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376515

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is commonly used as a marker of aortic stenosis (AS) disease severity and to indicate surgical intervention. However, an LVEF <50% identifies mainly advanced disease. Hence, earlier detection of subclinical LV systolic dysfunction may improve clinical decision-making. The global longitudinal strain (GLS) can identify subclinical systolic dysfunction at earlier stages of AS progression even in the presence of preserved LVEF. To this end, we evaluated the preoperative prognostic significance of the LVGLS to identify patients who will undergo a more extensive postoperative LV reverse remodeling as a surrogate marker for clinical recovery. Methods: We performed a prospective observational study based on detailed pre- and postoperative 2D transthoracic echocardiographic examinations, including strain analysis with speckle tracking. We screened 60 consecutive patients with severe AS and a preoperative LVEF ≥50% indicated for surgery; 39 patients met the study entry criteria and consented to their participation. Results: The median age was 67 (range 30-79) years; 56.4% were female. At baseline, the GLS was 61.64±7.22%. Surgery led to an improvement in the GLS; the mean difference was 3.23% [95% CI=1.96 to 4.49%] during a median follow up time of 5 (interquartile range 4-6) months. The preoperative GLS correlated with the postoperative LV mass index (LVMI) r=0.526, P=0.001 and the intraventricular septal thickness in diastole (IVSd) r=0.462, P=0.003. Furthermore, patients with a normal GLS (≤-18.9%) at baseline experienced a better recovery of their LV morphology and systolic function during the postoperative course compared to those with an abnormal GLS (>-18.9%). The effect size, hedges g, was at least >0.75 for the LVMI, IVSd, intraventricular septal thickness in systole (IVSs), left ventricular posterior wall thickness in diastole (LVPWd) and LVEF, suggesting a clinically significant difference between subgroups at follow-up. Conclusion: A normal preoperative left ventricular global longitudinal strain is associated with an improved left ventricular reverse remodeling and systolic function following surgery to resolve aortic stenosis.

17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 153-160, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376521

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aortic stenosis is the most common heart valve disease in the world, and patients that present with symptoms have a high mortality rate. Aortic valve replacement has the objective of promote left ventricular remodeling, reduce symptoms, and increase overall survival. The objective of this study is to evaluate reverse remodeling of the left ventricle in patients with severe and symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent surgical or percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Methods: This is a longitudinal, prospective, non-concurrent, non-randomized unicentric study with patients who underwent aortic valve replacement. Echocardiogram was performed before and after replacement procedure to evaluate several remodeling indexes. Results: Of 91 patients, 77 (84.6%) underwent surgical aortic valve replacement, and 14 (15.4%) underwent percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Mean age was 68,96±11,98 years, and most patients were male. Remodeling evaluation revealed that patients who decreased left ventricular index mass (53% vs. 38.9%; P=0,019) and those who reduced the mass/volume ratio (30.4% vs. 68.9%; P<0,001) presented with positive left ventricular remodeling. No endpoint difference was found in those with positive remodeling. Conclusion: Regarding the left ventricular remodeling in patients with severe and symptomatic aortic valve stenosis who underwent percutaneous transcatheter or surgical valve replacement, there is a positive increment in remodeling, however it remains in concentric hypertrophic shape. Implication of these findings remains uncertain and to be studied in large dedicated trials with clinical endpoints.

18.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 29(2): 139-144, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376870

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hyperglycemia has a negative impact on morbidity and mortality among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of chronic hyperglycemia on in-hospital and short-term outcome in patients with acute anterior MI treated with streptokinase as thrombolytic therapy. Materials and methods: A total of 100 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction received streptokinase as thrombolytic therapy were enrolled. They were classified according to the admission glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level into two groups: Chronic hyperglycemic group (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%) (36 patients) and non-chronic hyperglycemic group (HbA1c <6.5%) (64 patients). Laboratory investigation, conventional echocardiography, and speckle tracking were performed. Results: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was significantly lower in patients with chronic hyperglycemia group compared to non-chronic hyperglycemia group (−13.52 ± 4.83 vs. −15.27 ± 1.87%, p = 0.009). In-hospital outcome: Heart failure and reinfarction were significantly increased in patients with chronic hyperglycemia (45.5 vs. 16.7% and 18.2 vs. 3.3%, respectively, p < 0.05). Six months outcome: Heart failure, left ventricular (LV) remodeling, arrhythmias, and bleeding rates were significantly increased in patients with chronic hyperglycemia (41.9 vs. 12.1%, 51.6 vs. 13.8%, 6.5 vs. 1.7%, and 6.5 vs. 1.7%, respectively, p < 0.05). GLS cutoff value ≥ −13.5 has the best diagnostic accuracy in predicting LV remodeling (sensitivity: 100%, specificity: 93%, positive predictive value: 94%, negative predictive value: 100%, accuracy: 97%, and area under curve: 0.99). Conclusion: Chronic hyperglycemia had higher incidence of heart failure and LV remodeling following acute MI. GLS can be used as a predictor of LV remodeling.


Resumen Introducción: La hiperglucemia tiene un impacto negativo sobre la morbimortalidad en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la hiperglucemia crónica sobre el desenlace hospitalario y a corto plazo en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) anterior, tratados con estreptoquinasa como terapia trombolítica. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 100 pacientes con IAM anterior, quienes recibieron estreptoquinasa como terapia trombolítica. Se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo con el nivel de hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c) al ingreso: el grupo con hiperglucemia crónica (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%) (36 pacientes) y el grupo sin hiperglucemia crónica (HbA1c <6.5%) (64 pacientes). Se practicaron estudios de laboratorio, y ecocardiografía convencional y con rastreo de marcas. Resultados: El strain longitudinal global (SLG) fue significativamente menor en pacientes del grupo con hiperglucemia crónica comparados con los del grupo sin hiperglucemia crónica (−13.52 ± 4.83 vs. −15.27 ± 1.87%, p = 0.009). Desenlace hospitalario: La falla cardíaca y el reinfarto aumentaron significativamente en los pacientes con hiperglucemia crónica (45.5 vs. 16.7% y 18.2 vs. 3.3%, respectivamente, p < 0.05). Desenlace a los seis meses: Las tasas de falla cardíaca, remodelación del ventrículo izquierdo (VI), arritmia, y sangrado aumentaron significativamente en pacientes con hiperglucemia crónica (41.9 vs. 12.1%, 51.6 vs. 13.8%, 6.5 vs. 1.7% y 6.5 vs. 1.7%, respectivamente, p < 0.05). El punto de corte de SLG ≥ −13.5 tiene la mejor precisión diagnóstica para predecir la remodelación del VI (sensibilidad: 100%, especificidad: 93%, VPP: 94%, VPN: 100%, precisión: 97% y área bajo la curva -AUC-: 0.99). Conclusión: La hiperglucemia crónica tuvo una mayor frecuencia de falla cardíaca y remodelación del VI luego de un infarto agudo de miocardio. El SLG se puede utilizar como predictor de la remodelación del VI.

20.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 90(1): 31-35, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407107

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La insuficiencia mitral funcional (IMF) es común en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca (IC). La IMF moderada/ grave (M/G) se asocia a peor pronóstico. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de IMF y los mecanismos involucrados en su reducción en respondedores a la terapia de resincronización cardíaca (TRC) a los 6 meses comparados con 12 y 24 meses. Métodos: Entre 2009 y 2018 fueron tratados 338 pts. Respondedores: reducción de CF NYHA ≥1 grado o aumento de la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda (FEVI) ≥5% (absoluto). La IMF se graduó en 4 puntos: No-IMF, leve, M y G, y se la relacionó con las mediciones ecocardiográficas. Características Basales: edad 64 ±10 años, hombres 71%, CF-NYHA IIIII 92%, bloqueo de rama izquierda (BRI) 67%, QRS ≥150 ms 75%, diámetro diastólico del VI (DDVI) 68 ± 9 mm, diámetro sistólico del VI (DSVI) 52 ± 12 mm, FEVI 24 ± 7%. Resultados: La prevalencia de IMF fue del 92,6%. A los 6 meses, 86% fueron respondedores y 23% de ellos mejoraron de IMF-M/G a IMF-Leve/No-IMF. Hubo un fuerte remodelado inverso: DDVI 68 ± 10 vs 63 ± 11 mm, (p = 0,0001), DSVI 55 ± 12 vs 50 ± 13 mm, (p = 0,0006) y FEVI 25 ± 11 vs 33 ± 10%, (p = 0,00001). Comparando 6 con 12 meses 89,4% fueron respondedores, 8% mejoraron de IMF-M/G a IMF-Leve/No-IMF. Comparando 6 con 24 meses 88% fueron respondedores, 14,6% mejoraron de IMF-M/G a IMF-Leve/No-IMF. Entre 6 y 12 y 6 y 24 meses no hubo remodelado inverso significativo. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de IMF fue elevada. El mayor remodelado inverso y reducción de la IMF se observaron a los 6 meses, siendo el primero el principal mecanismo en la reducción de la IMF. Esta mejoría se sostuvo a los 12 y 24 meses.


ABSTRACT Background: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is common in heart failure, and moderate/severe (M/S) FMR is associated with worse prognosis. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of FMR and the mechanisms involved in its reduction in responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) at 6 months compared with 12 and 24 months. Methods: Between 2009 and 2018, 338 patients received CRT. Patients showing NYHA functional class (FC) reduction ≥1 or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) absolute increase ≥5% were considered responders. Functional mitral regurgitation was graded using a 4-point scale into none-, mild-, M- and S-FMR, and was related to echocardiographic measurements. Baseline patient characteristics were: age 64±10 years, men 71%, NYHA FC II-III 92%, left bundle branch block (LBBB) 67%, QRS ≥150 ms 75%, LV diastolic diameter (LVDD) 68±9 mm, LV systolic diameter (LVSD) 52±12 mm, and LVEF 24±7%. Results: The prevalence of FMR was 92.6%. At 6 months, 86% were responders, 23% improved from M/S-FMR to mild/none-FMR and there was strong reverse remodeling: LVDD 68±10 vs. 63±11 mm, (p=0.0001), LVSD 55±12 vs. 50±13 mm, (p=0.0006) and LVEF 25±11 vs. 33±10%, (p=0.00001). Comparing 6 with 12 months, 89.4% were responders and 8% improved M/S-FMR to mild/none-FMR. Comparing 6 with 24 months, 88% were responders and 14.6% improved M/S-FMR to mild/none-FMR. Between 6 and 12 and 6 and 24 months, there was no significant reverse remodeling. Conclusions: The prevalence of FMR was high. The highest reverse remodeling and FMR reduction was observed at 6 months, the former being the main mechanism of FMR reduction. This improvement persisted at 12 and 24 months.

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