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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878728

ABSTRACT

Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)can cause blood glucose disorders in pregnant women and result in adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes.Vitamin D(VD)can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity,and thus theoretically,VD supplementation during pregnancy could improve glycemic control as well as maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients.Although studies have shown that VD deficiency is associated with poor maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,no solid conclusion has been drawn with regard to the effects of VD supplementation on these patients.Therefore,here we summarized the research progress of the effects of VD supplementation on glycemic control and adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,in an effort to guide the clinical VD supplementation during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Glycemic Control , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Vitamin D
2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213908

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is presumed to play a role in several infective and non-infective conditions such as acute respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diabetes, hypertension, stroke etc. Most of the respiratory viral infections occur during winter season when the vitamin D levels in most individuals are generally low. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which began during winter season similar to the previous epidemics due to coronaviruses, has again stirred a debate on the role of VDD in the initiation and spread of the pandemic. The data on vitamin D status in patients with COVID-19 is however lacking. Different vitamin D supplementation strategies have recently been suggested as part of several countermeasures aimed at reducing the impact of COVID-19 pandemic. This brief narrative review discusses the evidence for the link between VDD and COVID-19 and the approaches suggested for vitamin D supplementation

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810963

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lack of sunlight exposure is the primary reason for the worldwide epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Although recommended sunlight exposure guidelines exist, there is no evidence regarding whether current guidelines are optimal for increasing vitamin D levels among individuals with vitamin D deficiency.METHODS: Sixty Korean adults aged 20–49 years with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels of < 20 ng/mL were randomly assigned to three groups: sunlight exposure (n = 20), vitamin D supplementation groups (n = 20), and daily living (n = 20) for 1 month. The sunlight exposure group had sunlight exposure on 20% to 30% of their body surface areas for 30–60 minutes per day, 3 times a week during the summer season. Vitamin D supplementation was prescribed with 800 IU/day of vitamin D. The serum levels of 25(OH)D were measured at baseline and at 1-month follow-up examinations.RESULTS: The largest change in serum 25(OH)D was observed among the vitamin D supplementation group (+3.5 ng/mL, P < 0.001). The sunlight exposure group showed a slight increase in serum 25(OH)D level, but the absolute increase was less than one-third that of the vitamin D supplementation group (+0.9 ng/mL, P = 0.043). Only two participants in the sunlight exposure reached serum concentrations of 25(OH)D ≥ 20 ng/mL at follow-up. The daily living group showed no difference in vitamin D levels (−0.7 ng/mL, P = 0.516).CONCLUSION: Sunlight exposure was not sufficient to overcome vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency in the current study subjects. Effectiveness of current sunlight exposure guidelines among various populations should be reassessed in larger clinical studies.TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service Identifier: KCT0002671


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Surface Area , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Information Services , Seasons , Solar System , Sunlight , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97440

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D deficiency is a global health problem that increases risk for metabolic bone diseases in children and adults as well as many chronic illnesses including autoimmune diseases, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, and cancer. This has raised important questions concerning the physiological and clinical impact of low vitamin D levels during pregnancy, with implications for functions of vitamin D. The review describes the pathways that are required for metabolism and function of vitamin D, the various clinical complications that have been linked to impaired vitamin D status during pregnancy, and effects of vitamin D supplementation on maternal and neonatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autoimmune Diseases , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Cardiovascular Diseases , Child , Chronic Disease , Communicable Diseases , Diabetes, Gestational , Female , Humans , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146609

ABSTRACT

The majority of the vitamin D in our body is produced by cutaneous synthesis in response to sunlight. As more and more people live in cities and spend the bulk of their time indoors, it can be difficult to get sufficient sun exposure for adequate cutaneous production of vitamin D. Therefore, vitamin D insufficiency has become a very common health problem worldwide. The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2008 showed that the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency, defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level below 50 nmol/L, was 47.3% in males and 64.5% in females. Only 13.2% of males and 6.7% of females had a serum 25(OH)D level of greater than 75 nmol/L. In Korea, vitamin D insufficiency was more prevalent in young adults than in elderly people, likely due to the indoor lifestyle of younger people. Compared with the United States and Canada, Korea has a lower mean 25(OH)D level and a higher prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. To improve the vitamin D status of the Korean population, more aggressive policies on food fortification and vitamin D supplementation are needed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Canada , Female , Humans , Korea , Life Style , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence , Solar System , Sunlight , United States , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Young Adult
6.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2010 Dec ; 77 (12): 1437-1439
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157201

ABSTRACT

We describe the clinical course of a 10-monthold breastfed infant with rickets and associated myelofibrosis presenting with anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Over the follow up, on therapeutic supplementation of vitamin D, child showed reduction in liver and spleen size along with improvement in rickets, anemia, growth and developmental parameters.

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