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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250739, 2024. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355896


Abstract Several reasons may underlie the dramatic increase in type2 diabetes mellitus. One of these reasons is the genetic basis and variations. Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are associated with different diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible association of two identified mutations ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236). Eighty-nine healthy individuals and Fifty-six Type 2 Diabetic (T2D) patients were investigated using RFLP technique for genotyping and haplotyping as well. The distribution of Apal genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.65) as well as for diabetic patients (P=0.58). For Taql allele frequencies of T allele was 0.61 where of G allele was 0.39. The frequency distribution of Taql genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.26) as well as diabetic patients (P=0.17). Relative risk of the allele T of Apa1 gene is 1.28 and the odds ratio of the same allele is 1.53, while both estimates were < 1.0 of the allele G. Similarly, with the Taq1 gene the relative risk and the odds ratio values for the allele T are 1.09 and 1.27 respectively and both estimates of the allele C were 0.86 for the relative risk and 0.79 for the odds ratio. The pairwise linkage disequilibrium between the two SNPs Taq1/apa1 was statistically significant in control group (D = 0.218, D' = 0.925 and P value < 0.001) and similar data in diabetic groups (D = 0.2, D' = 0.875 and P value < 0.001). These data suggest that the T allele of both genes Apa1 and Taq1 is associated with the increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We think that we need a larger number of volunteers to reach a more accurate conclusion.

Resumo Várias razões podem estar subjacentes ao aumento dramático da diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Um desses motivos é a base genética e variações. Os polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D estão associados a diferentes doenças, como artrite reumatoide e diabetes. O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a possível associação de duas mutações identificadas ApaI (rs7975232) e TaqI (rs731236). Oitenta e nove indivíduos saudáveis ​​e 56 pacientes com diabetes tipo 2 (T2D) foram investigados usando a técnica RFLP para genotipagem e haplotipagem também. A distribuição dos genótipos Apal não foi estatisticamente significativa entre o controle (P = 0,65), bem como para os pacientes diabéticos (P = 0,58). Para as frequências do alelo Taql, o alelo T foi de 0,61, onde o alelo G foi de 0,39. A distribuição de frequência dos genótipos Taql não foi estatisticamente significativa entre o controle (P = 0,26), bem como os pacientes diabéticos (P = 0,17). O risco relativo do alelo T do gene Apa1 é 1,28 e a razão de chances do mesmo alelo é 1,53, enquanto ambas as estimativas foram < 1,0 do alelo G. Da mesma forma, com o gene Taq1, os valores de risco relativo e razão de chances para o alelo T são 1,09 e 1,27, respectivamente, e ambas as estimativas do alelo C foram de 0,86 para o risco relativo e 0,79 para o odds ratio. O desequilíbrio de ligação par a par entre os dois SNPs Taq1 / apa1 foi estatisticamente significativo no grupo de controle (D = 0,218, D' = 0,925 e valor P < 0,001) e dados semelhantes em grupos diabéticos (D = 0,2, D' = 0,875 e valor P < 0,001). Esses dados sugerem que o alelo T de ambos os genes Apa1 e Taq1 está associado ao aumento do risco de diabetes tipo 2. Achamos que precisamos de um número maior de voluntários para chegar a uma conclusão mais precisa.

Humans , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Saudi Arabia , Case-Control Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Gene Frequency , Genotype
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(1): 19-31, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364309


ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to assess vitamin D (25OHD) levels in individuals who underwent an examination at a private laboratory (between latitudes 14° and 22° south) over 14 years, stratified by sex, age, and epidemiological profiles, and determine variations in the number of tests performed over the years. Materials and methods: All records of 25OHD tests performed at a private clinical laboratory in Brazil were analyzed. This retrospective cross-sectional study included patients stratified by sex (female or male), age range (0-17, 18-40, 41-59, and ≥ 60 years), and year of testing. The final sample size was 193,725 patients. Categorical variables are presented as absolute and relative frequencies and numerical variables as means ± standard deviation. Comparisons between groups were performed using the equality of proportions test. Results: The number of tests performed steeply increased since 2010. More tests were performed in female individuals (73.3%) and individuals aged 41-59 years (32.2%). Most samples (68.0%) demonstrated sufficient vitamin D status. Women had a higher incidence of vitamin D deficiency than men (33.1% and 26.6%, respectively; p < 0.001). Individuals aged ≥ 60 years had the highest incidence of vitamin D deficiency (68.4%), while individuals aged 0-17 years had the lowest (32.2%) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Despite increased testing and attention given to vitamin D in recent years, our study demonstrates high levels of deficiency in a country with geographical conditions favorable to its production.

Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-13, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348157


One of the most common thyroid dysfunctions is Hashimoto's disease (HD), characterized by the production of specific antibodies against thyroid gland antigens (Anti-Tg and Anti-TPO). Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D supplementation, associated with levothyroxine, may contribute to the control of this autoimmune disease. However, secondary studies on this topic, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses, are still scarce. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin D in patients with HD through a systematic review with meta-analysis. Randomized clinical trials were selected on the Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Studies comparing groups of HD patients supplemented with vitamin D and non-supplemented HD patients were included. The following outcomes were considered: TSH, T3, T4, Anti-Tg, Anti-TPO, and adverse drug reactions. The risk of bias was performed according to the Cochrane recommendations (RoB v. 2.0), and the quality of evidence was evaluated by the GRADE system. A total of 766 studies were identified in the databases, of which 7 met the eligibility criteria. None of the studies indicated the occurrence of adverse reactions with vitamin D supplementation in any administered dosage. Supplemented patients had a significant reduction in serum TSH levels compared to the control group (mean difference = -0.180 (95% CI [-0.316 to -0.045]), p = 0.009), suggesting that thyroid function was more controlled in the intervention group. However, for the other outcomes, no statistically significant differences were observed between the groups. Additionally, most of included articles (n=5/7) had some concerns or high risk of bias, and the quality of evidence revealed a moderate confidence for almost all outcomes; so the results must be interpreted with caution. Thus, more consistent, and robust clinical trials need to be carried out to confirm the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in patients with HD.

Mediterr J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2(1): 65-72, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1363903


Abstract: Vitamin D is a hormone which plays a vital role in immune response regulation, including the prevention of inflammation and autoimmunity. Insufficient vitamin D may increase the risk of infection. Vitamin D deficiency is not the only factor linked to an elevated risk of COVID-19 infection. Recent studies have discovered a link between SARS-COV-2 infection risk and blood type. This study was aimed to examine the association of vitamin D and blood groups with the severity of COVID-19. A retrospective study was conducted on 224 confirmed COVID-19 patients, aged between 18 and 89 years old. Patients were divided into three groups (asymptomatic, moderate, and severe cases), and serum 25(OH)D concentration and blood group were analyzed for all the patients. Data of the severe cases were obtained from Souq Althalath Isolation Center, Tripoli, Libya, while moderate and asymptomatic cases were obtained from Abushusha Polyclinic and Aldahmani COVID Filtration Center, during 22nd February 2021 and 28th April 2021 and serum 25(OH)D concentration and blood group were statistically analyzed for all the patients. The percentages of males andfemales were found to be 47.3% and 52.7%, respectively. Disease severity was distributed as follows: 12.5% asymptomatic, 44.6 % moderate and 42.9% severe. Most of the severe cases had vitamin D deficiency (88.5%). Among the severely ill patients, 39.6% had blood group A and 09.4% had group O, while 22.9%, and 28.1% had blood group B and AB, respectively. In contrast, among the asymptomatic patients, only 7.1% had group A and 85.7% had group O. Overall, the difference in the distribution pattern of blood group in the three severity categories was highly significant (p < 0.001). The prevalence of Rh positivity among asymptomatic, moderate and severe cases was 78.6%, 76.0%, and 60.4%, respectively. This study concludes that insufficient vitamin D levels might influence the severity of COVID-19. COVID-19 patients with blood group A and those who are Rh-positive could be more vulnerable to developing COVID-19 severity

Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Antigens , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Severity of Illness Index
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1367376


Background: Age, body mass index (BMI) and pre-existing comorbidities are known risk factors of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study we explore the relationship between vitamin D status and COVID-19 severity. Methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional descriptive study. We enrolled 100 COVID-19 positive patients admitted to a tertiary level hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. Fifty had symptomatic disease (COVID-19 pneumonia) and 50 who were asymptomatic (incidental diagnosis). Following written informed consent, patients were interviewed regarding age, gender and sunlight exposure during the past week, disease severity, BMI, calcium, albumin, magnesium and alkaline phosphatase levels. Finally, blood was collected for vitamin D measurement. Results: We found an 82% prevalence rate of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency among COVID-19 patients. Vitamin D levels were lower in the symptomatic group (18.1 ng/mL ± 8.1 ng/mL) than the asymptomatic group (25.9 ng/mL ± 7.1 ng/mL) with a p-value of 0.000. The relative risk of symptomatic COVID-19 was 2.5-fold higher among vitamin D deficient patients than vitamin D non-deficient patients (confidence interval [CI]: 1.14­3.26). Additional predictors of symptomatic disease were older age, hypocalcaemia and hypoalbuminaemia. Using multiple regression, the only independent predictors of COVID-19 severity were age and vitamin D levels. The patients exposed to less sunlight had a 2.39-fold increased risk for symptomatic disease compared to those with more sunlight exposure (CI: 1.32­4.33). Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 and an increased risk for symptomatic disease in vitamin D deficient patients.

Vitamin D Deficiency , Comorbidity , COVID-19 Serological Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Diagnosis , Asymptomatic Infections
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904801


Objective @#To investigate the correlation between vitamin D levels and the risk of early childhood caries (ECC), and to provide a reference for the primary prevention of ECC in children.@*Methods @# A total of 389 children aged 6 months to 48 months were enrolled in this study. Data of feeding patterns and oral health behaviors were collected, and decayed-missing-filled teeth (dmft) were recorded. The children were divided into an ECC group (dmft > 0, n= 146) and a caries-free group (dmft=0, n=243). Peripheral blood of fingertips was collected to detect the active form of vitamin D--25(OH)D in vivo, and the cariogenic activity of dental plaque was analyzed with the Cariostat test. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to analyze the correlation among caries related factors such as 25(OH)D levels and caries risk in patients with ECC.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in the prevalence of dental caries among 25(OH)D deficiency, insufficiency and normal children (χ2=2.320, P=0.313). There was no correlation between dmft and 25(OH)D levels (dmft=1-3, r < 0.001, P > 0.05; dmft > 3, r= 0.009, P > 0.05). The risk factors for ECC were age (OR=1.082, 95% CI: 1.045-1.121, P < 0.001), breastfeeding within 6 months after birth (OR=2.789, 95% CI: 1.581-4.921, P < 0.001), nighttime milk consumption or sleeping with a nipple (OR=4.187, 95% CI: 1.938-9.048, P < 0.001), and a high Cariostat value of 1.5-3.0 (OR=4.173, 95% CI: 2.014-8.646, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#There was no correlation between 25(OH)D level and caries in children aged 6-48 months. The risk factors for ECC are age, breastfeeding before 6 months old, nighttime milk consumption or sleeping with a nipple and high cariogenic activity (Cariostat value of 1.5-3.0). It is necessary to establish good feeding habits and oral hygiene habits for children while promoting breastfeeding.

Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 653-663, Fev. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356077


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a insuficiência de vitamina D e fatores associados em idosos assistidos na atenção primária à saúde. Trata-se de um estudo transversal que avaliou 533 idosos (≥ 60 anos) em três cidades do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Foi avaliada a 25-hidroxivitamina D (25 OH D) sérica por quimioluminescência. Os fatores avaliados foram condições sociodemográficas (sexo, faixa etária, etnia, escolaridade, renda, estado civil), de saúde (doenças referidas), composição corporal (IMC, circunferência da cintura), estilo de vida (atividade física e tabagismo) e exposição solar (finalidade, duração, frequência e horário de exposição, partes expostas, uso de protetor solar, tipo de pele). A prevalência de insuficiência foi de 64,5%, com associação para sexo feminino, etnia não brancos/não declarados, baixo peso, circunferência da cintura elevada (risco para DCV) e inatividade física. Houve associação negativa para exposição solar habitual de mãos, braços e pernas, durante atividade de lazer, deslocamentos diários e atividade física e entre as 9h e 15h. Os achados mostram a relevância de fatores como sexo, etnia, composição corporal, atividade física e hábitos de exposição solar na alta prevalência de níveis inadequados de vitamina D em idosos.

Abstract This article aims to analyze vitamin D insufficiency and factors associated among older adults using primary health care services. This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated 533 older adults individuals (≥ 60 years old) in three cities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) was evaluated by chemiluminescence. The factors evaluated were sociodemographic information (sex, age group, ethnicity, education, income, marital status), health conditions (reported diseases), body composition (BMI, waist circumference), lifestyle (physical activity and smoking), and sun exposure (purpose, duration, frequency, time of exposure, exposed body parts, use of sunscreen, skin type). The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency was 64.5%, presenting association with female participants, non-white/unreported ethnicity, low weight, high waist circumference (risk for CVD - cardiovascular disease), and physical inactivity. Negative association was observed with habitual sun exposure of hands, arms and legs, during leisure activities, daily commuting and physical activity, and between 9 am and 3 pm. The findings show the relevance of factors such as sex, ethnicity, body composition, physical activity, and sun exposure habits in the high prevalence of inadequate levels of vitamin D among older adults.

Humans , Female , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Vitamin D , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22210166, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364436


Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) encompasses degeneration of articular cartilage, subchondral bone erosions and sclerosis. Chondrocyte apoptosis and an oxygen-deprived microenvironment are essential factors in OA pathogenesis. PAR-4 (Prostate apoptosis response-4) is a pro-apoptotic protein implicated in many pathologies as well as in chondrocyte cell death mechanism. Vitamin D supplementation has been identified as a therapeutic tool for a variety of inflammatory pathologies. In the present manuscript, we investigated whether first, PAR-4 expression is influenced by chondrocytes in a model of OA, in vitro, and second, whether vitamin D modulates PAR-4 expression in the same model. To test our hypothesis, we used the primary culture of murine chondrocytes isolated from the femoral and tibial condyles of wistar rats. The expression of the pro-inflammatory effect interleukin IL-1β was evaluated in the presence and absence of vitamin D. Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis confirmed protein expression. In the normoxia condition, the chondrocytes expressed PAR-4 in the cell nucleus, and in the hypoxic condition, PAR-4 was expressed in the cell cytoplasm. We disclosed that the treatment with Vitamin D decreased PAR-4 (p= 0.0137) and caspase-3 (p= 0.0007) expression. Thus, the results suggested that PAR-4 and caspase-3 proteins could be potential targets for OA.However, we believe that research is needed to identify the mechanisms implicated in the regulation of PAR-4 in OA.

Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223054, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365396


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the relationship between 25(OH)D3 levels and fatal outcome in patients over 60 years of age undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. Methods: prospective cohort of patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. At admission, 25(OH)D3 levels were measured, among other parameters. Patients were followed for at least 1 year, and incident mortality was recorded. Results: 209 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 79.5 ± 7.6 years among survivors and 80.7 ± 8.2 years among those who died in the first postoperative year (p=0.346). The 25(OH)D3 levels of survivors were significantly higher than those of patients who died (p=0.003). After adjusting for confounding variables, 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL were significant risk factors regardless of mortality (adjusted OR: 7.6; 95% CI: 2.35 to 24.56). Conclusions: our data show that serum 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL significantly and independently increased the risk of mortality in the first year after surgical repair of low-energy hip fracture in patients over 60 years of age in the geographic region where this study was conducted. Low albumin also showed a significant association with mortality in these patients. All other factors had no significant associations.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre os níveis de 25(OH)D3 e o desfecho fatal em pacientes acima de 60 anos submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fratura de quadril. Métodos: coorte prospectiva de pacientes submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fraturas de quadril. À admissão, foram medidos os níveis de 25(OH)D3, entre outros parâmetros. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por, pelo menos, um ano e a mortalidade foi registrada. Resultados: foram incluídos 209 pacientes no estudo, com média de idade de 79,5 ± 7,6 anos entre os sobreviventes e 80,7 ± 8,2 anos entre os que morreram no primeiro ano de pós-operatório (p=0,346). Os níveis de 25(OH)D3 dos sobreviventes foram significativamente maiores do que os dos pacientes que morreram (p=0,003). Após o ajuste para variáveis de confusão, níveis de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL foram fator de risco significativo, independentemente da mortalidade (OR ajustado 7,6; IC 95% 2,35 24,56). Conclusões: níveis séricos de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL aumentaram significativa e independentemente o risco de morte no primeiro ano após o reparo cirúrgico de fratura de quadril de baixa energia em pacientes com mais de 60 anos de idade na região geográfica onde este estudo foi realizado. A albumina baixa também teve associação significativa com a mortalidade nesses pacientes. Todos os outros fatores não tiveram associações significativas.

Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00287820, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355982


This study aims to investigate factors associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in Brazilian adults considering sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, as well as vitamin D-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). This is a cross-sectional study (n = 491; 34-79y; 251 women), nested within a prospective cohort (Pró-Saúde Study). Associations between serum 25(OH)D and sociodemographic characteristics, diet, use of supplement, physical activity, season of blood collection, body fat, skin type, sun exposure index, and SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 and GC-rs2282679 were explored by multiple linear regression. The prevalence of serum 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L was 55%. Serum 25(OH)D was lower among women (β = -4.38; 95%CI: -8.02; -0.74), those with higher visceral fat (β = -4.02; 95%CI: -5.92; -2.12), and those with AC and CC genotypes for GC-rs2282679 (β = -6.84; 95%CI: -10.09; -3.59; β = -10.63; 95%CI: -17.52; -3.74, respectively). Factors directly associated with serum 25(OH)D included summer (β = 20.14; 95%CI: 14.38; 25.90), intermediate skin type (β = 6.16; 95%CI: 2.52; 9.80), higher sun exposure (β = 0.49; 95%CI: 0.22; 0.75), vitamin D intake (β = 0.48; 95%CI: 0.03; 0.93), and physical activity (β = 4.65; 95%CI: 1.54; 7.76). Besides physical activity, diet, and sun exposure, non-modifiable factors, such as GC genotypes must be considered when evaluating vitamin D insufficiency in mixed-race populations. Moreover, high visceral fat in association with poorer vitamin D status deserve attention given that both conditions are unfavorably related with chronic and acute health outcomes.

Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar fatores associados com as concentrações séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina [25(OH)D] em adultos brasileiros de acordo com fatores sociodemográficos e de estilo de vida, assim como de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) relacionados à vitamina D. Este é um estudo transversal (n = 491; 34-79 anos; 251 mulheres) aninhado em uma coorte prospectiva (Estudo Pró-Saúde). Associações entre a 25(OH)D sérica e características sociodemográficas, consumo alimentar, uso de suplementos, atividade física, estação do ano na coleta da amostra de sangue, gordura corporal, fototipo de pele, índice de exposição solar e SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 e GC-rs2282679, explorados por regressão multilinear. A prevalência de 25(OH)D sérica < 50nmol/L foi 55%. A concentração sérica de 25(OH)D foi menor entre mulheres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), indivíduos com mais gordura visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12) e genótipos AC e CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 e β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Os fatores associados diretamente à 25(OH)D sérica incluíram os meses de verão (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), fototipo intermediário (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), maior exposição solar (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), ingestão de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) e atividade física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Além de atividade física, dieta e exposição solar, fatores não modificáveis, tais como variantes do gene GC devem ser considerados na avaliação da deficiência de vitamina D em populações miscigenadas. Além disso, merece atenção a associação entre a gordura visceral elevada e o pior estado de vitamina D, uma vez que ambas as condições implicam em desfechos de saúde desfavoráveis, tanto crônicos quanto agudos.

Nuestro objetivo fue investigar factores asociados con la concentración sérica 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] en adultos brasileños, considerando factores sociodemográficos y de vida, así como también los polimorfismos de nucleótido único relacionados con la vitamina D (SNPs). Se trata de un estudio transversal (n = 491; 34-79 años; 251 mujeres), anidado dentro de una cohorte prospectiva (Estudio Pro-Salud). Se investigaron las asociaciones entre concentración sérica 25(OH)D y características sociodemográficas, ingesta alimentaria, uso de suplementos, actividad física, estación del año de recogida de muestras de sangre, grasa corporal, tipo de piel, índice de exposición al sol, y SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 y GC-rs2282679 mediante una regresión múltiple lineal. La prevalencia sérica 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L fue 55%. La 25(OH)D sérica fue menor entre las mujeres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), quienes tenían alta grasa visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12), genotipos AC y CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 y β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Los factores directamente asociados con la concentración sérica 25(OH)D incluyeron verano (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), tipo de piel intermedia (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), más alta exposición al sol (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), toma de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) y actividad física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Además de la actividad física, dieta y exposición al sol, los factores no modificables, tales como genotipos GC, necesitan tenerse en cuenta cuando se está evaluando la insuficiencia de vitamina D en poblaciones mestizas. Asimismo, las implicaciones de la asociación de una alta grasa visceral con un estatus más pobre de vitamina D merece que se le preste atención, puesto que ambas condiciones de salud están relacionadas desfavorablemente con resultados de salud graves y crónicos.

Humans , Female , Adult , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Seasons , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Life Style
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353115


A intoxicação por vitamina D era pouco frequente no Brasil até seu crescente uso na última década. Neste artigo relatamos um caso de intoxicação por vitamina D em que houve a prescrição intencional de dose muito superior ao recomendado pela literatura, com a finalidade de prevenir doenças via "modulação hormonal". A paciente em questão, idosa, previamente hígida, foi submetida a um tratamento não regulamentado e sem respaldo científico, que culminou em sintomas como náuseas e vômitos, além de perda de peso, inapetência, poliúria e astenia ao longo dos meses. Através da história e exames laboratoriais foi diagnosticada intoxicação por vitamina D e lesão renal aguda. Após o tratamento houve remissão completa dos sintomas. A "modulação hormonal" é uma prática condenada pelos Conselhos Federais de Medicina e Odontologia e pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia. O ato de prescrever é de grande responsabilidade ética e técnica e deve ser embasado em evidências científicas, oferecendo o melhor tratamento possível aos pacientes, seja ele preventivo ou curativo, minimizando riscos e danos, respeitando as recomendações das autoridades competentes. (AU)

Vitamin D poisoning was not frequent in Brazil until its increasing use in the last decade. In this article, we report a case of intoxication by intentional prescription of vitamin D in a much higher dose than the literature recommends, in order to prevent diseases via "hormonal modulation". The case described in this report was an elderly woman, previously healthy patient that was submitted to an unregulated treatment without scientific support, leading to symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, in addition to weight loss, lack of appetite, polyuria and asthenia over the months. Through the history and laboratory testing, vitamin D intoxication and acute kidney injury were diagnosed. After treatment, there was a complete remission of the symptoms. "Hormonal modulation" is a practice condemned by the Federal Councils of Medicine and Dentistry and by the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology. The act of prescribing is of great ethical and technical responsibility and it must be based on scientific evidence. Thus, the patient can receive the best possible treatment, for either preventive or curative nature, by respecting the recommendations of the competent authorities and, therefore, minimizing risks and damages to patients. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Polyuria , Asthenia , Vitamin D/toxicity , Weight Loss , Anorexia , Ethics, Professional , Acute Kidney Injury
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 688-692, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355634


Abstract Background: Although COVID-19 pandemic significantly induces mortality, many of the patients who recovered present other medical problems such as alopecias. Telogen effluvium is a common alopecia that is usually related to previous events such as acute febrile diseases, including COVID-19. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of telogen effluvium in COVID-19. Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 526 patients with documented telogen effluvium that recovered from COVID-19. Demographic data, concurrent alopecia, associated diseases, and COVID-19 severity were recorded. Data were analyzed by appropriate statistical methods. Results: The mean age of the 526 patients (410 females, 116 males) was 30.97±9.592 years, with 7.65 ± 1.739 weeks of mean time of alopecia onset. Vitamin D deficiency (24.3%), androgenetic alopecia (78.2%), and grade III COVID-19 severity were the most common findings. Alopecia onset was significantly earlier in the younger age group, females, in hypothyroidism, and more severe coronavirus infection. Higher grade coronavirus infection was significantly seen in males, higher ages, earlier onset, and androgenic alopecia. Study limitations: Performing a single-center study and considering limited variables. Conclusion: Although Coronavirus 2 infection can be an important factor in telogen effluvium induction, other factors such as associated diseases, drug intake and emotional stress may also be involved. In the cases of early onset of alopecia, concomitant diseases such as hypothyroidism and severe coronavirus infection can occur, thus, the presence of various factors in telogen effluvium induction should be considered.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Alopecia Areata , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Alopecia/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Iran/epidemiology
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 651-659, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355740


Abstract | Introduction: Identifying obesity risk factors as a health problem facing communities is crucial given its complexity. The vitamin D receptor gene has been reported as a possible cause of this disease. Objective: To study the association of the VDR gene ApaI, BsmI, and Ta qI polymorphisms with obesity in an Iranian population. Materials and methods: We analyzed the genotypes of 348 obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2) and 320 non-obese people (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) using PCR-RFLP. We measured FBS, TG, total cholesterol, and HDL and LDL cholesterol levels in an automatic biochemical analyzer. Results: We found significantly higher BMI, FBS, and TG levels in the obese group compared to the control. In the obese individuals, the frequency of genotype AA was 47.1% and that of the combined Aa+aa genotype, 52.9% while in the control group they were 30% and 70%, respectively (p=0.024, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.100-3.933, odds ratio (OR)=2.08). A and a alleles frequencies for the ApaI polymorphism were statistically significant in the two groups (allele A vs. a; p=0.017). No significant relationship was observed between Ta qI genotypes and alleles in the control and obese subjects. Conclusion: We found that VDR ApaI (rs7975232 C/A) polymorphism appeared to be a risk factor for obesity. Especially, the A allele and the AA genotype in ApaI were associated with the obesity phenotypes.

Resumen | Introducción. La determinación de los factores de riesgo de la obesidad en la población iraní como problema de salud de la comunidad es crucial dada su complejidad. El gen receptor de la vitamina D (VDR) se ha mencionado como posible causante de dicha enfermedad. Objetivo. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la asociación de los polimorfismos Apal, Bsml y Ta ql, con el gen VDR y la obesidad en una población iraní. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron genotipos de 348 individuos obesos (BMI≥30 kg/m²) y 320 no obesos (BMI: 18,5-24,9 kg/m²) mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y polimorfismos de longitud de fragmentos de restricción (PCR-RFLP). Para medir los niveles de glucemia en ayunas, tiroglobulina (TG), colesterol total, colesterol HDL y colesterol LDL, se utilizó un analizador bioquímico automático. Resultados. Los índices de masa corporal, glucemia en ayunas y TG fueron significantemente más elevados en el grupo de los obesos que en el de control. En los individuos obesos, la incidencia del genotipo AA fue de 47,1 % y la del genotipo combinado Aa+aaa fue de 52,9 %, en tanto que en el grupo de control estas cifras fueron, respectivamente, de 30 y 70 % (p=0,024; IC95% 1,100-3,933; la razón de probabilidades (OR) fue de 2,08. La frecuencia de los alelos "A" y "a" para el polimorfismo Apal en ambos grupos fue estadísticamente significativa (alelo A Vs. A; p=0,017). No se observó ninguna relación significativa entre los genotipos Ta ql y los alelos en los sujetos obesos y, tampoco, en los controles. Conclusión. El polimorfismo Apal del gen VDR (rs 7975232C/A) sería un factor de riesgo para la obesidad. El alelo y el genotipo AA en dicho polimorfismo se asociaron con los fenotipos de obesidad.

Vitamin D , Obesity/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Body Mass Index , Iran
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 248-254, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341771


Resumen Introducción: Actualmente la vitamina D ha ganado importancia, por ser considerada una hormona y porque sus bajos niveles están asociados con diferentes patologías, especialmente alteraciones de la masa ósea. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes adultos con osteopenia y osteoporosis, atendidos en consulta externa de endocrinología en Popayán Cauca. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis realizado por densitometría ósea entre los años 2013 y 2016, que tenían reporte de niveles de vitamina D obtenidos por cualquier método. Se describieron características sociodemográficas, resultados de densitometría ósea, niveles vitamina D, hormona paratiroidea y calcio iónico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 300 pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis de los cuales 211 tenían bajos niveles de vitamina D, para una prevalencia del 71,3%, el nivel promedio de 25 hidroxivitamina D fue de 24,35ng/ml. Conclusiones: La alta prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes con osteopenia y osteoporosis hace indispensable la medición de 25 hidroxivitamina D en esta población, esto con el fin de realizar una intervención terapéutica apropiada.

Abstract Introduction: Vitamin D has gained interest because it is a hormone whose low levels are associated with different pathologies such as bone mass disorders. Objective: To determine the prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in adult patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis who received care at an outpatient endocrinology clinic in Popayan, Cauca. Materials and methods: A retrospective and descriptive study that included patients diagnosed with osteopenia and osteoporosis through bone densitometry between 2013 and 2016, who also had their vitamin D levels measured by means of any laboratory method. Sociodemographic characteristics, bone densitometry results as well as vitamin D, parathormone and ionic calcium levels were described. Results: A total of 300 patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis were included in the study, of which 211 had low levels of vitamin D, representing a prevalence of 71.3%. Finally, the average level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was 24.35 ng/ml. Conclusion: The high prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis highlights the importance to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in this population in order to carry out an appropriate therapeutic intervention.

Vitamin D , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Osteoporosis , Prevalence
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 784-789, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357136


Abstract Objective To measure the levels of vitamin D in patients hospitalized for fractures and to evaluate its relationship with fractures. Methods A primary, analytical, cross-sectional, non-interventional, observational, controlled study was conducted in humans. The serum measurement of: vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and albumin was performed in 49 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for surgery due to fracture(s) (study group), and in 50 patients without fractures, from the various outpatient clinics, and who underwent routine tests (control group). Results The mean level of 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25[OH]D) in patients with fractures was of 23.78 ± 8.01 ng/mL (61.22% of patients with fractures had hypovitaminosis D). The mean 25(OH)D of the control group was of 37.52 ± 9.21 ng/mL (10% of the patients had hypovitaminosis D). Most cases of hypovitaminosis (96%) did not course with secondary hyperparathyroidism (mean PTH = 41.80 ± 22.75 pg/mL). Conclusion Hypovitaminosis D was found in a significant percentage (61.22%) of the patients who suffered fractures. Further studies on the subject are needed to better understand the influence of hypovitaminosis D on the occurrence of fractures, as well as the benefits of vitamin D supplementation in these patients.

Resumo Objetivo Dosar a vitamina D nos pacientes internados por fratura e avaliar sua relação com as fraturas. Métodos Realizou-se estudo primário, analítico, transversal, não intervencional, observacional, controlado, em seres humanos. Fez-se a dosagem sérica de: vitamina D, paratormônio(PTH), cálcio, fósforo, magnésio e albumina em 49 pacientes que foram internados consecutivamente para cirurgia devido a fratura(s) (grupo de estudo), e em 50 pacientes, dos diversos ambulatórios, sem fraturas, e que realizaram exames de rotina (grupo de controle). Resultados A média de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25[OH]D) nos pacientes com fraturas foi de 23,78 ± 8,01 ng/mL (61,22% dos pacientes com fraturas apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A média de 25(OH)D do grupo de controle foi de 37,52 ± 9,21 ng/mL (10% dos pacientes apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A maioria dos casos de hipovitaminose (96%) não cursou com hiperparatireoidismo secundário (média do PTH = 41,80 ± 22,75 pg/mL). Conclusão A hipovitaminose D foi encontrada em um percentual expressivo (61,22%) dos pacientes que sofreram fraturas. Mais estudos sobre o assunto são necessários para se compreender melhor a influência da hipovitaminose D na ocorrência das fraturas e os benefícios da suplementação com vitamina D nesses pacientes.

Humans , Osteoporosis , Avitaminosis , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Hip Fractures
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 970-978, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248893


Resumo Fundamento: A vitamina D (VD) tem um importante papel na função cardíaca. No entanto, a vitamina exerce uma curva "dose-resposta" bifásica na fisiopatologia cardiovascular e pode causar efeitos deletérios, mesmo em doses não tóxicas. A VD exerce suas funções celulares ligando-se ao seu receptor. Ainda, a expressão da proteína de interação com a tiorredoxina (TXNIP) é positivamente regulada pela VD. A TXNIP modula diferentes visa de sinalização celular que podem ser importantes para a remodelação cardíaca. Objetivos: Avaliar se a suplementação com VD leva à remodelação cardíaca, e se a TXNIP e a tiorredoxina (Trx) estão associadas com esse processo. Métodos: Duzentos e cinquenta ratos Wistar machos foram alocados em três grupos: controle (C, n=21), sem suplementação com VD; VD3 (n = 22) e VD10 (n=21), suplementados com 3,000 e 10,000 UI de VD/ kg de ração, respectivamente, por dois meses. Os grupos foram comparados por análise de variância (ANOVA) com um fator e teste post hoc de Holm-Sidak (variáveis com distribuição normal), ou pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis e análise post-hoc de Dunn. O nível de significância para todos os testes foi de 5%. Resultados: A expressão de TXNIP foi mais alta e a atividade do Trx foi mais baixa no grupo VD10. Os animais que receberam suplementação com VD apresentaram aumento de hidroperóxido lipídico e diminuição de superóxido dismutase e glutationa peroxidase. A proteína Bcl-2 foi mais baixa no grupo VD10. Observou-se uma diminuição na β-oxidação de ácidos graxos, no ciclo do ácido tricarboxílico, na cadeia transportadora de elétrons, e um aumento na via glicolítica. Conclusão: A suplementação com VD levou à remodelação cardíaca e esse processo pode ser modulado por TXNIP e Trx, e consequentemente por estresse oxidativo.

Abstract Background: Vitamin D (VD) has been shown to play an important role in cardiac function. However, this vitamin exerts a biphasic "dose response" curve in cardiovascular pathophysiology and may cause deleterious effects, even in non-toxic doses. VD exerts its cellular functions by binding to VD receptor. Additionally, it was identified that the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression is positively regulated by VD. TXNIP modulate different cell signaling pathways that may be important for cardiac remodeling. Objective: To evaluate whether VD supplementation lead to cardiac remodeling and if TXNIP and thioredoxin (Trx) proteins are associated with the process. Methods: A total of 250 Male Wistar rats were allocated into three groups: control (C, n=21), with no VD supplementation; VD3 (n = 22) and VD10 (n=21), supplemented with 3,000 and 10,000 IU of VD/ kg of chow respectively, for two months. The groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Holm-Sidak post hoc analysis, (variables with normal distribution), or by Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's test post hoc analysis. The significance level for all tests was 5%. Results: TXNIP protein expression was higher and Trx activity was lower in VD10. The animals supplemented with VD showed increased lipid hydroperoxide and decreased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. The protein Bcl-2 was lower in VD10. There was a decrease in fatty acid β-oxidation, tricarboxylic acid cycle and electron transport chain with shift to increase in glycolytic pathway. Conclusion: VD supplementation led to cardiac remodeling and this process may be modulated by TXNIP and Trx proteins and consequently oxidative stress.

Animals , Male , Rats , Thioredoxins/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling , Vitamin D , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , Cell Cycle Proteins , Dietary Supplements
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 743-748, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357058


Abstract Objective To assess maternal serum levels of vitamin D in fetuses appropriate for gestational age (AGA), small for gestational age (SGA), and with fetal growth restriction (FGR) according to estimated fetal weight (EFW). Methods This cross-sectional study included 87 pregnant women between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation: 38 in the AGA group, 24 in the SGA group, and 25 in the FGR group. Maternal serum vitamin D levels were assessed using the chemiluminescence method. The Fisher exact test was used to compare the results between the groups. Results The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of maternal age (years) and body mass index (kg/m2) in the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 25.26 8.40 / 26.57 ± 4.37; 25.04 ± 8.44 / 26.09 ± 3.94; and 25.48 ± 7.52 / 26.24 ± 4.66, respectively (p > 0.05). The maternal serum vitamin D levels (mean ± SD) of the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 22.47 ± 8.35 ng/mL, 24.80 ± 10.76 ng/mL, and 23.61 ± 9.98 ng/mL, respectively, but without significant differences between the groups (p = 0.672). Conclusion Maternal serum vitamin D levels did not present significant differences among pregnant women with AGA, SGA, or FGR fetuses between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation according to EFW.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o nível sérico materno de vitamina D em fetos adequados para idade gestacional (AIG), pequenos para idade gestacional (PIG) e com restrição de crescimento (RCF) de acordo com a estimativa de peso fetal (EPF). Métodos Realizou-se um estudo transversal envolvendo 87 gestantes entre 26 e 36 semanas, sendo: 38 do grupo AIG, 24 do grupo PIG e 25 do grupo RCF. A dosagem sérica materna de vitamina D foi realizada pelo método de quimiluminescência. Para as comparações entre os grupos, utilizou-se o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados A média ± desvio-padrão (DP) da idade materna (anos) e do índice de massa corporal (kg/m2) nos grupos AIG, PIG e RCF foram 25,26 ± 8,40 / 26,57 ± 4,37; 25,04 ± 8,44 / 26,09 ± 3,94; e 25,48 ± 7,52 / 26,24 ± 4,66, respectivamente (p>0,05). A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D (médias ± desvios-padrão) dos grupos AIG, PG e RCF foram 22,47±8,35 ng/ml; 24,80_10,76 ng/ml; e 23,61 ± 9,98 ng/ml, respectivamente, contudo, sem diferenças significativas entre os grupos (p=0,672). Conclusão A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D não apresentou diferenças significantes entre gestantes com fetos AIG, PIG ou RCF entre 26 e 36 semanas de acordo com a EPF.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnant Women , Fetal Growth Retardation , Vitamin D , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 699-709, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351774


Abstract Objective To evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in the postpartum period of women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods Randomized clinical trials of pregnant women with GDM of any chronological, gestational age and parity, with no history of previous disease who received vitamin D supplementation in the prenatal and/or postpartum period and were evaluated in the postpartum period were included. The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and LILACS databases were consulted until July 2019. Serum vitamin D concentration (25- hydroxyvitamin D in nmol/L), fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, serum calcium concentration, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMAIR), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and body mass index (BMI) were evaluated. Similar results in at least two trials were plotted using the RevMan 5; Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, Reino Unido. The quality of the evidence was generated according to the classification, development, and evaluation of the classification of the recommendations. Results Four studies were included in the present review (200 women). The findings indicate that there is no difference in the postpartum period in women diagnosed with previous GDM who received vitamin D supplementation in the prenatal and/or in the postpartum period, showing only that there was a significant increase in the concentration of vitamin D (relative risk [RR]: 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-2.68). Conclusion This increase in the concentration of vitamin D should be interpreted with caution, since the assessment of the quality of the evidence was very low. For the other analyzed outcomes, there was no significance between the intervention and control groups, and the outcomes, when analyzed in their strength of evidence, were considered very low and low in their evaluation.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos da suplementação de vitamina D no pós-parto de mulheres com diabetes mellitus gestacional (DGM) anterior. Métodos Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados com gestantes com GDM de qualquer idade cronológica, gestacional e paridade, sem história de doença prévia, que receberam suplementação de vitamina D no pré-natal e/ou no pós-parto e foram avaliadas no pós-parto. As bases de dados consultadas foram PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane e LILACS, até julho de 2019. Foram avaliados concentração sérica da vitamina D (25-hidroxivitamina D em nmol/L), glicemia de jejum, hemoglobina glicada, concentração sérica de cálcio, modelo de avaliação da homeostase de resistência à insulina (HOMA-IR, na sigla em inglês), índice qualitativo de verificação da sensibilidade à insulina (QUICKI, na sigla em inglês), hormônio da paratireoide (PTH) e índice de massa corpórea (IMC). Resultados semelhantes em pelo menos dois ensaios foram plotados no software RevMan 5; Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, Reino Unido. A qualidade das evidências foi gerada de acordo com a classificação, o desenvolvimento e a avaliação da classificação das recomendações. Resultados Quatro estudos foram incluídos na presente revisão (200 mulheres). Os achados indicam que não há diferença no período pós-parto em mulheres com diagnóstico prévio de DMG que receberam suplementação de vitamina D no período pré-natal e/ou pós-parto, mostrando apenas que houve um aumento significativo na concentração de vitamina D (risco relativo [RR]: 1,85; IC [intervalo de confiança] 95%: 1,02-2,68). Conclusão Este aumento na concentração de vitamina D deve ser interpretado com cautela, uma vez que a avaliação da qualidade das evidências foi muito baixa. Para os demais desfechos analisados, não houve significância entre os grupos intervenção e controle, e os desfechos, quando analisados em sua força da evidência, foram considerados muito baixa e baixa em sua avaliação. PROSPERO CRD42018110729

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Dietary Supplements
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(3): 171-177, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357267


RESUMEN Introducción: Las espondiloartritis son un grupo de enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas con afectación principalmente del esqueleto axial y también de articulaciones periféricas. En cuanto al metabolismo óseo de estos pacientes, se ha observado en algunos estudios que existen niveles más bajos de vitamina D en pacientes con espondiloartritis. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de déficit/insuficiencia de vitamina D, el metabolismo fosfocálcico y sus implicaciones en una cohorte de pacientes con espondiloartritis. Metodología: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Se llevó a cabo una revisión retrospectiva de la base de datos de pacientes con espondiloartritis que fueron atendidos en las consultas externas del Servicio de Reumatología del Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real entre junio del 2018 y junio del 2019. Las variables se describieron usando medidas de frecuencia o medidas de tendencia central/dispersión según correspondiera. Resultados: Se analizaron 115 pacientes, de los cuales 64 fueron hombres y 51 mujeres, con una edad media de 45,97 años (± 13,41 DE). Del total de los pacientes, 59 presentaron espon dilitis anquilosante, 24 artropatía psoriásica, 9 artritis asociada a enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal, 12 espondiloartritis axial no radiográfica y 11 artritis reactiva. Los niveles de vitamina D fueron de 23,81 ng/ml (±10,5 DE), con un 77,4% de los pacientes con cifras de déficit/insuficiencia de vitamina D. Agrupados por el subtipo de espondiloartritis y según las cifras de déficit/insuficiencia de vitamina D, 45 pacientes tenían espondilitis anquilo sante, 19 artropatía psoriásica, 9 artritis asociada a enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal, 7 espondiloartritis axiales no radiográficas y 9 artritis reactivas. Además, el déficit de vita mina D (< 20 ng/ml) se presentaba la mayoría de las veces en las estaciones de primavera e invierno, con 31 y 26 pacientes respectivamente. Conclusiones: Una optimización de los niveles de vitamina D puede implicar una mejoría en la situación clínica del paciente, medida tanto por BASDAI y DAPSA como por PCR y VSG. En consecuencia, se recomienda la monitorización y suplementación de vitamina D en pacientes con hipovitaminosis D.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Spondyloarthritis is a group of chronic inflammatory diseases that mainly affect the axial skeleton, and also the peripheral joints. In bone metabolism studies on these patients, it has been observed that there are lower levels of vitamin D in patients with spondyloarthritis. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency / insufficiency, as well as calcium/ phosphate metabolism and their implications in a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis. Methodology: Observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study. A retrospective review of the databases was carried out on patients with spondyloarthritis who were treated in the outpatient clinics of the Rheumatology Department of the General University Hospital of Ciudad Real between June 2018 and June 2019. Variables are described using frequency and central tendency / dispersion measurements as appropriate. Results: The study included 115 patients, of whom 64 were men and 51 women, with a mean age of 45.97 years (± 13.41 SD). They included 59 patients with ankylosing spondylitis, 24 with psoriatic arthropathy, 9 arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease, 12 non-radiographic axial spondylarthritis, and 11 reactive arthritis. Vitamin D levels were 23.81 ng/ml (± 10.5 SD), with 77.4% of patients with vitamin D deficiency / insufficiency levels. Grouped by the spondylarthritis subtype, and according to vitamin D deficiency / insufficiency, 45 patients had ankylosing spondylitis, 19 psoriatic arthropathy, 9 arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease, 7 non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis, and 9 reactive arthritis. Furthermore, vitamin D deficiency (< 20 ng/ml) mainly occurred in the spring and winter seasons, with 31 and 26 patients, respectively. Conclusions: An optimization of vitamin D levels may lead to an improvement in the clinical situation of the patients, as measured by both BASDAI and DAPSA, as well as by PCR and ESR. Therefore, vitamin D monitoring and supplementation is recommended in patients with vitamin D deficiency.