Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quickly analyze and identify the components in raw and wine-processed products of <italic>Polygonatum cyrtonema</italic> (PC) dried rhizomes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and then find out the differential components before and after processing. Method:The ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.25 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Electrospray ionization was selected for collection and detection in positive and negative ion modes, and the data were analyzed by PeakView 1.2.0.3. According to the retention time, accurate relative molecular weight and fragmentation ion information provided by MS, and combined with the reference substance and literature, the components were identified. After normalized treatment, the MS data of each sample were analyzed with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and then the differential components before and after processing were screened according to the principle that variable importance in the projection (VIP) value was >1. Result:A total of 38 components were identified from raw and wine-processed products of PC dried rhizomes, including 15 steroidal saponins, 6 alkaloids, 3 flavonoids, 2 amino acids, 2 organic acids and 10 others. The results of PCA and OPLS-DA showed that there were significant differences in the contents of components in PC dried rhizomes before and after processing, and 16 differential components such as kingianoside Z, disporopsin and linoleic acid were screened. Conclusion:UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique can accurately and comprehensively identify the components in PC dried rhizomes, these components are mainly steroidal saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. It takes a great difference in the contents of components before and after processing, and transformation of the same category components is the main reason for the differences of raw and wine-processed products, which will provide reference for the researches on material basis and processing chemistry of PC dried rhizomes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872775

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the moisture adsorption and thermodynamic characteristics of raw products, wine-processed products and fried charcoal products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, in order to guide their drying and storage. Method:Static isotherm weighing method was used to determine the adsorption isotherm curves of three Rhei Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces at 25, 35, 45 ℃, and the test data were fitted with 7 commonly used water adsorption models to determine the best model for studying the adsorption thermodynamic parameters of these decoction pieces. Result:The best adsorption models of these three decoction pieces were all GAB model. At 25, 35, 45 ℃, the absolute safe moisture content of fried charcoal products was 7.43%, 6.79% and 6.20%, of wine-processed products was 8.68%, 8.17% and 7.03%, of raw products was 9.88%, 9.36% and 7.77%, respectively. At 25, 35, 45 ℃, the relative safe moisture content of fried charcoal products was 9.46%, 8.63% and 8.21%, of wine-processed products was 11.49%, 11.03% and 9.74%, of raw products was 13.49%, 12.66% and 11.14%, respectively. The net equivalent heat of adsorption (Qst) and differential entropy (Sd) of these three kinds of decoction pieces all decreased with the increase of equilibrium moisture content, Qst and Sd were in accordance with the entropy-enthalpy complementary theory. The constant velocity temperatures of raw products, wine-processed products and fried charcoal products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were 386.66, 391.15, 394.34 K (unit conversion of 1 K=-272.15 ℃), their Gibbs free energies were 0.372 2, 0.406 0, 0.372 2 kJ·mol-1, respectively. Their adsorption processes were an unspontaneous process driven by enthalpy. Conclusion:The orders of equilibrium moisture content, monomolecular layer moisture content, Qst and Sd of three Rhei Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces are all raw products>wine-processed products>fried charcoal products. The moisture absorption capacity of the decoction pieces is ranked as raw products>wine-processed products>fried charcoal products. The frying and roasting process significantly affects the hygroscopicity and thermodynamic properties of the three decoction pieces, the reason for this difference may be that the high temperature of the stir-frying results in the decrease of the hygroscopic groups and the increase of the hydrophobic materials in raw products, and the change in the texture of the decoction pieces. The research on the water adsorption characteristics of three Rhei Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces can provide reference for selecting their storage conditions and drying process.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of effect of raw and wine-processed products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma extract on brain protection of rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) and the connotation of the theory of "wine processing could promote efficacy" of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. Method:Wistar male rats were used to establish the ICH model,extracts of raw and wine-processed products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were used for intervention,and these rats were randomly divided into 6 groups(blank group,sham-operated group,model group,raw Rhei Radix et Rhizoma group,wine-processed Rhei Radix et Rhizoma group and Angong Niuhuangwan group).Then the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) assay.The expression of zonula occludens-1(ZO-1) and vascular endothelial cadherin-2(VE-cadherin-2) in the hemorrhagic brain tissue was detected by immunohistochemical assay.The expression of reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate(NADPH) oxidase 2(NOX2) and tumor necrosis factor-α stimulated gene-6(TSG-6) in the hemorrhagic brain tissue was detected by Western blot.The content of glutathione(GSH) in the serum of ICH rats was detected by automatic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay systems.Through these above methods,we investigated the differences between raw products and wine-processed products on brain protection of ICH rats. Result:Compared with the sham-operated group,the apoptosis index of the hippocampal neurons in the model group were increased significantly(PPPPPPPPPPPPConclusion:The raw and wine-processed products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma all have brain protective effect on ICH rat model,but the protective effect of wine-processed products is slightly better than that of raw products.The result of this study provides experimental basis for exploring the theory of "wine processing could promote efficacy" of this herb.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3945-3948, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the differences in the volatile ingredients of raw products and wine processed products of Ligusticum chuanxiong,and provide reference for its pharmacological activity research and clinical application. METHODS:Head-space solid phase microextraction-GC/MS was used to analyze the volatile components of L. chuanxiong before and after processed with wine. And area normalization method was adopted to calculate the relative percentage content of each component. RESULTS:28 components were isolated from the raw products and 24 components were identified,accounting for 99.70% of total volatile components. 2-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-ol(20.06%),α-selinene(17.97%)and 4-ethyl-3-nonen-5-yne(9.24%)were high-er in contents. 21 components were isolated from the wine processed products and 18 components were identified,accounting for 89.74% of total volatile components. 4-ethyl-nonen-5-yne (12.97%) was the highest in content,followed by 4-carene (11.74%) and α-selinene(10.79%). Compared with raw products,the contents of active components α-pinene and β-elemene were increased. CONCLUSIONS:The volatile components and their relative contents of L. chuanxiong before and after processed with wine show certain differences,and volatile components after wine processed are relatively reduced. However,contents of the components with analgesic effect are increased,and its analgesic effect is superior to raw products.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3945-3948, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the differences in the volatile ingredients of raw products and wine processed products of Ligusticum chuanxiong,and provide reference for its pharmacological activity research and clinical application. METHODS:Head-space solid phase microextraction-GC/MS was used to analyze the volatile components of L. chuanxiong before and after processed with wine. And area normalization method was adopted to calculate the relative percentage content of each component. RESULTS:28 components were isolated from the raw products and 24 components were identified,accounting for 99.70% of total volatile components. 2-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-ol(20.06%),α-selinene(17.97%)and 4-ethyl-3-nonen-5-yne(9.24%)were high-er in contents. 21 components were isolated from the wine processed products and 18 components were identified,accounting for 89.74% of total volatile components. 4-ethyl-nonen-5-yne (12.97%) was the highest in content,followed by 4-carene (11.74%) and α-selinene(10.79%). Compared with raw products,the contents of active components α-pinene and β-elemene were increased. CONCLUSIONS:The volatile components and their relative contents of L. chuanxiong before and after processed with wine show certain differences,and volatile components after wine processed are relatively reduced. However,contents of the components with analgesic effect are increased,and its analgesic effect is superior to raw products.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL