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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 35109, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553447

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos são tradicionalmente utilizados na cicatrização de diversos tipos de feridas. Muitas plantas contêm compostos bioativos com propriedades anti-inflamatórias, antimicrobianas e cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Reunir evidências clínicas do uso de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Os estudos foram coletados das bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed e LILACS, utilizando como estratégia de busca os termos ((WoundHealing) ou (Inflammation)) e ((MedicinalPlants) ou (Phytotherapy)) com recorte temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: 15 estudos foram incluídos na revisão. A maioria dos estudos foram do tipo ensaio clínico controlado randomizado. Foi investigada a eficácia de 15 espécies medicinais para o tratamento de feridas agudas e crônicas, sendo as mais recorrentes queimaduras de segundo grau, úlceras crônicas e feridas cirúrgicas. As espécies medicinais que apresentaram melhores resultados foram babosa (Aloevera), centela (Centellaasiatica),beldroega (Portulacaoleraceae), Arnebia euchroma, hipérico (Hypericum perforatum) emil-folhas (Achilleamillefolium), melhorando critérios como eritema, edema, tempodere-epitelização, tempo de cicatrização e a aparência geral da ferida. Conclusões: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos apresentam eficácia no processo de cicatrização, sendo, portanto, alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento de feridas cutâneas (AU).


Introduction: Medicinal plants and herbal medicines are traditionally used to heal various types of wounds. Many plants contain bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and wound-healing properties. Objective: Gathering clinical evidence on the use of medicinal plants and herbal medicine in the healing of skin wounds. Methodology:Thisisan integrative review of the literature. The studies were collected from the MEDLINE/PubMed and LILACS data bases, using the terms ((WoundHealing) or (Inflammation)) and ((MedicinalPlants) or (Phytotherapy)) as a search strategy, from 2011 to 2021. Results: Fifteen studies were included in the review. Most of them were of the randomized controlled clinical trial type. The effectiveness of 15 medicinal species was investigated for the treatment of acute and chronic wounds, the most common of which were second-degree burns, chronic ulcers,and surgical wounds. The species with the best results were Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum, and Achillea millefolium, improving criteria such as erythema, edema, re-epithelialization time, healing time, and the general appearance of the wound. Conclusions: Medicinalplants and herbal medicine are effective in the healing process, therefore being a therapeutic alternative for treating skin wounds (AU).


Introducción: Las plantas medicinales y las medicinas a base de hierbas se utilizan tradicionalmente para curar diversos tipos de heridas. Muchas plantas contienen compuestos bioactivos con propiedades antiinflamatorias, antimicrobianas y cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Recopilar evidencia clínica sobre el uso de plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas en la curación de heridas cutáneas. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura. Los estudios fueron obtenidos de las bases de datos MEDLINE/PubMed y LILACS, utilizando como estrategia de búsqueda los términos ((WoundHealing) o (Inflammation)) y ((MedicinalPlants) o (Phytotherapy)) con un marco temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 estudios en la revisión. La mayoría de los estudios fueron del tipo ensayo clínico controlado aleatorio. Se investigó la eficacia de 15 especies medicinales para el tratamiento de heridas agudas y crónicas, las más comunes fueron quemaduras de segundo grado, úlceras crónicas y heridas quirúrgicas. Las especies medicinales con mejoresr esultados fueron Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum y Achillea millefolium, mejorando criterios como eritema, edema, tiempo de reepitelización, tiempo de cicatrización y aspecto general de la herida. Conclusiones: Plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas son efectivas en el proceso de cicatrización, siendo portanto un aalternativa terapéutica para el tratamiento de heridas en la piel (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Wound Healing , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Wounds and Injuries , Evidence-Based Practice , Phytotherapy
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 127-136, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528822

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic wound healing potential and molecular mechanisms of shikonin as small molecules in vitro. A mouse burn model was used to explore the potential therapeutic effect of shikonin; we traced proliferating cells in vivo to locate the active area of skin cell proliferation. Through the results of conventional pathological staining, we found that shikonin has a good effect on the treatment of burned skin and promoted the normal distribution of skin keratin at the damaged site. At the same time, shikonin also promoted the proliferation of skin cells at the damaged site; importantly, we found a significant increase in the number of fibroblasts at the damaged site treated with shikonin. Most importantly, shikonin promotes fibroblasts to repair skin wounds by regulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study shows that shikonin can effectively promote the proliferation of skin cell, and local injection of fibroblasts in burned skin can play a certain therapeutic role.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar el potencial terapéutico de cicatrización de heridas y los mecanismos moleculares de la shikonina como moléculas pequeñas in vitro. Se utilizó un modelo de quemaduras en ratones para explorar el posible efecto terapéutico de la shikonina; Rastreamos las células en proliferación in vivo para localizar el área activa de proliferación de células de la piel. A través de los resultados de la tinción para patología convencional, encontramos que la shikonina tiene un buen efecto en el tratamiento de la piel quemada y promueve la distribución normal de la queratina de la piel en el sitio dañado. Al mismo tiempo, la shikonina también promovió la proliferación de células de la piel en el sitio dañado. Es importante destacar que encontramos un aumento significativo en la cantidad de fibroblastos en el sitio dañado tratado con shikonina. Lo más importante es que la shikonina promueve la función reparadora de fibroblastos en las heridas de la piel regulando la vía de señalización PI3K/ AKT. Este estudio muestra que la shikonina puede promover eficazmente la proliferación de células de la piel y que la inyección local de fibroblastos en la piel quemada puede desempeñar un cierto papel terapéutico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns/drug therapy , Naphthoquinones/administration & dosage , Skin , In Vitro Techniques , Naphthoquinones/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e392124, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1556661

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the effects of curcumin supplementation on abdominal surgical wound healing in rats using clinical, histological, and hematological parameters. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: the curcumin group, and the control group. The curcumin group received, in addition to water and standard feed, curcumin via gavage at the dose of 200 mg/kg for seven days preceding and seven days following surgery. The control group received only water and standard feed. Both groups underwent median laparotomy and left colotomy. On the eighth postoperative day, the groups were euthanized, and the left colon was resected for histological analysis. Results: In the preoperative evaluation, there was a significant decrease in the mean C-reactive protein levels in the curcumin group (0.06) compared to the control group (0.112) (p = 0.0001). In the postoperative wound healing assessment, a significant decrease was observed in inflammatory infiltrate (p = 0.0006) and blood vessel count (p = 0.0002) in the curcumin group compared to the control group. Conclusions: Curcumin supplementation was able to significantly reduce inflammatory parameters in both pre-and post-operative phases of abdominal surgical wounds in rats.

4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230448, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558231

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) contains a variety of growth factors and bioactive molecules that play crucial roles in wound healing and angiogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the effects of PRF on tissue thickness and vascularization of the palatal donor site by ultrasound (USG) following subepithelial connective tissue harvesting. Methodology A subepithelial connective tissue graft was harvested from the palatal region with a single incision for root coverage in 20 systemically healthy patients. In the test group (n = 10), the PRF membrane was placed at the donor site, whereas no material was applied in the control group (n=10). Palatal tissue thickness (PTT) and pulsatility index (PI) were evaluated by USG at baseline and on the 3rd, 7th, 14th, 30th, and 90th days after surgery. The early healing index (EHI) was used to evaluate donor site healing for 30 days. Results PTT was significantly higher in the PRF group on the 3rd and 14th days after surgery when compared to the controls. In the PRF-treated group, PI levels were significantly higher than in the controls, especially on the 14th day. PTT increased significantly 90 days after surgery compared to the test group baseline, but controls showed a significant decrease. The PRF group showed statistically significant improvements in EHI scores compared to controls on days 3, 7, and 14. This study found a negative correlation between PI values and EHI scores on postoperative days three and seven in the test group. Conclusion USG is a non-invasive, objective method to radiographically evaluate the regenerative effects of PRF on palatal wound healing after soft tissue harvesting. To overcome graft inadequacy in reharvesting procedures, PRF application may enhance clinical success and reduce possible complications by increasing tissue thickness and revascularization in the donor area.

5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 51: e20243676, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: valproic acid (VPA), an epigenetic drug, has potential for the treatment of neoplasms. Its effects on the healing of the peritoneal-musculo-aponeurotic plane (PMA) of the abdominal wall are studied. Method: sixty Wistar rats were allocated into two groups: experimental (VPA) and control (0.9% sodium chloride), treated daily, starting three days before the intervention and until euthanasia. Under anesthesia, a median laparotomy was performed and repaired with two synthetic layers. Assessments took place 3, 7 and 14 days after surgery. The integrity of the wounds, the quality of the inflammatory reaction, the intensity of the leukocyte infiltrate, collagen synthesis, the intensity of angiogenesis and the presence of myofibroblasts were studied. Results: there was dehiscence of the PMA plane in 11 of the 30 animals (p=0.001) in the experimental group. There was no difference in the quality and intensity of the inflammatory reaction. Immunohistochemistry revealed, in the experimental group, less collagen I (p3=0.003, p7=0.013 and p14=0.001) and more collagen III (p3=0.003, p7=0.013 and p14= 0.001). Collagen evaluated by Sirus Supra Red F3BA showed, in the experimental group, less collagen at all three times (p<0.001) with less collagen I and collagen III (p<0.001). A lower number of vessels was found on the 3rd day (p<0.001) and on the 7th day (p=0.001) and did not affect the number of myofibroblasts. Conclusion: VPA showed dehiscence of the PMA plane, with less deposition of total collagen and collagen I, less angiogenic activity, without interfering with the number of myofibroblasts.


RESUMO Introdução: o ácido valpróico (VPA), droga epigenética, apresenta-se com potencial para o tratamento de neoplasias. Estudam-se seus efeitos sobre a cicatrização do plano peritônio-músculo-aponeurótico (PMA) da parede abdominal. Método: sessenta ratos Wistar, foram alocados em dois grupos: o experimental (VPA) e o controle (cloreto de sódio 0,9%), tratados diariamente, iniciando três dias antes da intervenção e até a eutanásia. Sob anestesia, fez-se uma laparotomia mediana que foi reparada com dois planos de síntese. As avaliações aconteceram 3, 7 e 14 dias após a cirurgia. Estudou-se a integridade das feridas, a qualidade da reação inflamatória, a intensidade do infiltrado de leucócitos, a síntese do colágeno, a intensidade da angiogênese e a presença de miofibroblastos. Resultados: o plano PMA mostrou-se deiscente em 11 dos 30 animais (p=0,001) do grupo experimento. Não houve diferença na qualidade da reação inflamatória e nem no infiltrado de leucócitos. A imuno-histoquímica revelou, no grupo experimento, menos colágeno I (p3=0,003, p7=0,013 e p14=0,001) e mais colágeno III (p3=0,003, p7=0,013 e p14= 0,001). Colágeno avaliado pelo Sirus Supra Red F3BA mostrou, no grupo experimento,menos colágeno nos três tempo (p<0,001) com menos colágeno I e colágeno III (p<0,001). Constatou-se menor número de vasos no 3º dia (p<0,001) e no 7º dia (p=0,001) e não afetou a quantidade de miofibroblastos. Conclusão: o VPA mostrou deiscências do plano PMA, com reação inflamatória semelhante.ao controle, menor deposição de colágeno total e de colágeno I, menor atividade angiogênica, sem interferir na quantidade de miofibroblastos.

6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230307, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550469

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine whether intra-mucosal injection of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) can promote healing after Diode Laser Gingival Depigmentation (DLGD). Methodology A total of 20 arch sites of hyperpigmented gingiva of 10 patients underwent DLGD. For each patient, two arch sites were randomly assigned for either intra-mucosal injection of i-PRF (G1-i-PRF) (n=10 sites) or no treatment (G2-Control): (n=10 sites). Wound Healing Score (WHS), patient satisfaction, and Pigmentation Index (DOPI) were measured at 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively. Histological assessment of tissue specimens was performed at baseline and 1 week. Results The percentage change in WHS at 1 week was significantly higher in G1 (58.34±15.43) compared to G2 (37.50±11.79). At day 1, 50% of patients in G1 were pain free compared with 75% in G2, who had mild pain. Mean DOPI decreased significantly at 3 months in both groups (P-value <0.001), without significant differences between groups. G1 specimens showed significantly higher epithelial thickness (P-value <0.001), as well as a higher number of blood vessels and less percentage of inflammatory cells. Conclusions i-PRF demonstrated better clinical and histological healing potential and less patient discomfort compared to sites without treatment after DLGD. Registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ as (NCT05283668).

7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(2): e2021, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527833

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 59-year-old man presented with a unilateral blurring of vision in his left eye. His left eye's visual acuity was hand movements level. He underwent phacoemulsification surgery, and an intrastromal posterior chamber intraocular lens was implanted. The intrastromal intraocular lens was extracted and a new intraocular lens was implanted. Usinge the Snellen chart, the final best-corrected visual acuity was 20/40. With this case report, we wish to emphasize that a single stepwise clear corneal incision merged with wound-assisted intraocular lens injections can result in intraocular lens misdirection into the corneal stroma. As a result, while performing a misdirected intraocular lens removal, we recommend that the wound be carefully constructed.


RESUMO Um homem de 59 anos apresentou embaçamento visual unilateral no olho esquerdo. Sua acuidade visual nesse olho era no nível de movimentos da mão. O paciente havia se submetido a uma cirurgia de facoemulsificação em que foi feita a implantação intraestromal de uma lente intraocular de câmara posterior. Foi feita a extração dessa lente intraestromal intraocular e uma nova lente intraocular foi implantada. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida final foi de 20/40 pela tabela de Snellen. Com este relato de caso, os autores desejam apontar que uma incisão de degrau único em córnea clara, quando combinada com a injeção de uma lente ocular através da incisão, pode levar a um direcionamento incorreto da lente intraocular para dentro do estroma corneano. Portanto, recomenda-se uma construção cuidadosa da incisão ao se remover uma lente intraocular direcionada incorretamente.

8.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13054, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533034

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados à prevalência de cicatrização em pacientes com feridas crônicas. Método: estudo transversal, em pacientes com feridas crônicas de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, em Salvador, Bahia. Os dados foram coletados de fontes secundárias disponíveis na planilha de acompanhamento dos pacientes, analisando como desfecho os níveis de cicatrização das feridas crônicas. Resultados: foram verificadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes nas variáveis faixa etária e dor, em que a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização foi 77,78% maior entre os pacientes adultos quando comparada aos idosos; e a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização entre os pacientes com dor intensa/muito intensa foi 80% maior quando comparada aos pacientes sem dor. Conclusão: ficou evidente a importância de desenvolver estratégias voltadas ao estilo de vida, adesão ao tratamento, manejo da dor, bem como utilização de instrumentos qualitativos para avaliação dos fatores que possam interferir na cicatrização.


Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the prevalence of healing in patients with chronic wounds. Method: cross-sectional study, in patients with chronic wounds at a Family Health Unit, in Salvador, Bahia. Data were collected from secondary sources available in the patient monitoring spreadsheet, analyzing the healing levels of chronic wounds as the outcome. Results: statistically significant differences were found in the variable age group and pain, in which the proportion of those presenting the worst healing rates was 77.78% higher among adult patients when compared to the elderly; and the proportion of patients with intense/very intense pain presenting the worst healing rates was 80% higher when compared to patients without pain. Conclusion: the importance of developing strategies focused on lifestyle, adherence to treatment, pain management, as well as the use of qualitative instruments to evaluate factors that may interfere with healing.


Objetivos:analizar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de curación en pacientes con heridas crónicas. Método: estudio transversal, en pacientes con heridas crónicas en una Unidad de Salud de la Familia, en Salvador, Bahía. Los datos se recopilaron de fuentes secundarias disponibles en la hoja de seguimiento de pacientes, analizando como resultado los niveles de curación de las heridas crónicas. Resultados: se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables grupo de edad y dolor, siendo la proporción de quienes tuvieron peores tasas de curación 77,78% mayor entre los pacientes adultos en comparación con los ancianos; y la proporción de pacientes con dolor intenso/muy intenso que presentaron peores tasas de curación fue un 80% mayor en comparación con los pacientes sin dolor. Conclusión: se evidenció la importancia de desarrollar estrategias enfocadas en el estilo de vida, la adherencia al tratamiento, el manejo del dolor, así como el uso de instrumentos cualitativos para evaluar factores que puedan interferir en la curación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Risk Factors , Pain Management/nursing , Family Nurse Practitioners
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 695-700, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect and mechanism of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on wound healing after anal fistula surgery in rats by regulating the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/ vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) signaling pathway. METHODS SD rats were selected to establish a postoperative rat model of anal fistula by infecting wound with Escherichia coli. The model rats were randomly grouped into model group, PNS low-dose and high-dose groups (15, 30 mg/cm2), high-dose of PNS+2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) group (PNS 30 mg/cm2+HIF-1α inhibitor 2ME2 4 mg/kg), with 10 rats in each group. Another 10 normal rats were selected for back hair removal treatment as the control group. Each drug group was injected with the corresponding drug solution intramuscularly or (and) intraperitoneally, once a day, for 3 weeks. After the last administration, the wound healing rate (excluding the control group), microvascular density (MVD), the expression of collagen Ⅰ and fibronectin (FN) in the wound tissue were detected in each group; the levels of angiogenic factors [VEGF, E-mail:842710813@qq.com angiopoietin-Ⅰ (Ang-Ⅰ), Ang-Ⅱ] in serum, the levels of inflammatory factors [interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-2] in serum binggui7183@163.com and wound tissue as well as the expressions of the related proteins of HIF-1α/VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling pathway in the wound tissue of rats were also detected in each group. RESULTS The MVD, the expression of collagen Ⅰ and FN in the wound tissue, and the levels of IL-6 and IL-2 in serum and wound tissue of rats increased significantly in the model group, compared to the control group (P<0.05), while the serum levels of VEGF, Ang- Ⅰ and Ang-Ⅱ decreased significantly (P<0.05). The wound healing rate, the MVD in wound tissue, the serum levels of VEGF, Ang-Ⅰ and Ang-Ⅱ, the expressions of collagen Ⅰ and FN in the wound tissue, and protein expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF and VEGFR2 in the PNS low-dose and high-dose groups increased significantly, compared to the model group (P<0.05), while the levels of IL-6 and IL-2 in serum and wound tissue decreased significantly (P<0.05); the high-dose PNS had a stronger effect (P< 0.05). 2ME2 could weaken the effect of PNS on above indicators of rats after anal fistula surgery (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS PNS can promote the production of angiogenic factors and inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory factors, thereby promoting wound healing in rats after anal fistula surgery. The above effects are related to the activation of HIF-1α/VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling pathway.

10.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 293-303, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012786

ABSTRACT

@#Wound healing is a complex process that includes haemostasis and inflammation, followed by a proliferation period and repair and finally remodelling. Ocular surgeries, particularly in glaucoma cases, aim at minimal fibrosis to preserve the function of trabeculectomy as an alternative pathway for aqueous drainage. Hence, it is important to find an agent to modulate the wound healing process. This review presents compilation of wound modulation agents that have been tested in vitro, in vivo, or clinically on patients undergoing ocular surgeries, particularly for glaucoma. We identified agents into four groups, mostly for glaucoma filtration operations: anti-metabolites, anti-growth factors, mechanical barriers and rho kinases. The effect of these agents is highlighted in this review. In conclusion, despite recognized drawbacks of antimetabolites, they are still regarded as the gold standard and the most efficient treatment as anti-scarring agents use in ocular surgeries. More studies are needed to inquire agents that efficient yet has minimal adverse effects both in short and long term.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 212-220, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003426

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer (DU) wound is one of the chronic and serious complications of diabetes characterized by prolonged wound healing, and it is more common in foot and lower extremity ulcers. DU has brought great economic and psychological pressure to patients and seriously affected the quality of life of patients because of its great difficulty in treatment, long treatment process, and high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, how to help the rapid healing of DU wounds, reduce the disability rate and mortality rate, protect limb function, and improve the quality of life is an important topic and hot spot in the field of medical research. The pathogenesis of DU is complex, mainly including microcirculation disorder, peripheral neuropathy, inflammation and infection, and excessive apoptosis of cells, involving physiological processes such as wound inflammation, granulation tissue hyperplasia and re-epithelialization. A large number of previous studies have found that Chinese medicine can regulate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), Wnt/β-catenin, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), Notch, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad, and other signaling pathways, regulate abnormal glucose metabolism, improve microcirculation, inhibit inflammation and oxidative stress, regulate cell proliferation and excessive apoptosis, and promote wound tissue growth to promote the rapid healing of DU wounds under the guidance of treatment based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation and internal and external treatment. Therefore, this paper reviewed Chinese medicinal monomers or Chinese medicinal compounds in recent years in regulating the above signaling pathways and the expression of key protein molecules and promoting the rapid healing of DU wounds, aiming to provide ideas and a theoretical basis for the in-depth study and clinical application of Chinese medicine in promoting the healing of DU wounds.

12.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1260, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510119

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Investigar estudos que apresentem sistemas computacionais de auxílio à cicatrização de feridas e quais sistemas se referem ao uso de laser de baixa intensidade. Método: Revisão de escopo que visou responder à questão de pesquisa: Quais sistemas computacionais auxiliam na cicatrização de feridas? Uma subquestão foi: quais sistemas computacionais se referem ao uso do laser de baixa intensidade? Resultados: A partir da busca, aplicando os critérios de elegibilidade, 49 artigos compuseram a amostra final. Os sistemas apresentaram várias finalidades de apoio à cicatrização de feridas, em que a maioria apresentou como usuário do sistema o profissional de saúde, sendo a medicina a área profissional mais mencionada, embora a enfermagem esteja envolvida com o manejo do cuidado às pessoas com feridas. Foi relatada com frequência a inovação na assistência a partir do uso do sistema computacional, o que demonstra a importância desse tipo de ferramenta para a prática clínica. Verificou-se com frequência o uso de plataforma mobile, como tendência da atualidade. Conclusão: Os sistemas computacionais têm sido utilizados como ferramentas para apoiar pacientes e principalmente profissionais na cicatrização de feridas. Quanto ao laser de baixa intensidade, houve escassez de sistemas computacionais com essa finalidade, com apenas um estudo.


Objective:To investigate studies that present computational systems to aid healing and systems which refer to the use of low-level laser. Method: Scope review that aimed to answer the question: Which computer systems help in wound healing? A subquestion was: Which of the computer systems refer to the use of low-level laser? Results: From the search, applying the eligibility criteria, 49 articles made up the final sample. The systems served multiple purposes in support of wound healing; the majority presented the health professional as a user of the system; medicine was the most mentioned professional area despite nursing being involved in the management of care for people with wounds. Innovation in care using the computer system was frequently reported, demonstrating the importance of this type of tool for clinical practice. There was a high frequency of the mobile platform, showing that this is a current trend. Conclusion: Computer systems have been used as tools to support patients and especially professionals in wound healing. Regarding the systems aimed at the low intensity laser, there was a shortage of computer systems for this purpose, with a study.


Objetivo:Investigar estudios que presenten sistemas computacionales de ayuda a la cicatrización y sistemas que se refieran al uso de láser de bajo nivel. Método: Revisión de alcance que tuvo como objetivo responder a la pregunta: ¿Qué sistemas informáticos ayudan en la cicatrización de heridas? Una subpregunta fue: ¿Cuál de los sistemas informáticos se refieren al uso de láser de bajo nivel? Resultados: A partir de la búsqueda, aplicando los criterios de elegibilidad, 49 artículos conformaron la muestra final. Los sistemas sirvieron para múltiples propósitos en apoyo de la cicatrización de heridas; la mayoría presentó al profesional de la salud como usuario del sistema; la medicina fue el área profesional más mencionadas, a pesar de que la enfermería está involucrada en la gestión del cuidado de las personas con heridas. La innovación en la atención basada en el uso del sistema informático fue relatada con frecuencia, demostrando la importancia de este tipo de herramienta para la práctica clínica. Hubo una alta frecuencia de la plataforma móvil, lo que demuestra que esta es una tendencia actual. Conclusión: Los sistemas informáticos se han utilizado como herramientas de apoyo a los pacientes y especialmente a los profesionales en la cicatrización de heridas. En cuanto a los sistemas dirigidos al láser de baja intensidad, hubo escasez de sistemas informáticos para este fin, con un estudio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Software , Low-Level Light Therapy , Systems Biology/methods , Computer Simulation
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3726, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424054

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation with low-level 660 nm laser alone or associated with Human Amniotic Membrane in the repair of partial-thickness burns in rats. Method: an experimental study conducted with 48 male Wistar rats, randomized into four groups: Control, Human Amniotic Membrane, Low-Level Laser Therapy, and Low-Level Laser Therapy associated with Human Amniotic Membrane. The histopathological characteristics of the skin samples were analyzed 7 and 14 days after the burn. The data obtained were submitted to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: the histological analysis of the burn injuries showed a decrease in inflammation (p<0.0001) and an increase in proliferation of fibroblasts (p<0.0001) mainly at 7 days in all treatments related to the control group. At 14 days, the greater effectiveness in accelerating the healing process was significant (p<0.0001) in the Low-Level Laser Therapy group associated with the Human Amniotic Membrane. Conclusion: the association of photobiomodulation therapies with the Human Amniotic Membrane allowed verifying a reduction in the healing process time of the experimental lesions, stimulating its proposal as a treatment protocol in partial-thickness burns.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da fotobiomodulação com laser de baixa intensidade 660 nm isoladamente ou associada à membrana amniótica humana no reparo de queimaduras de espessura parcial em ratos. Método: estudo experimental com 48 ratos Wistar machos, randomizados em quatro grupos: Controle, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade e Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. As características histopatológicas das amostras de pele foram analisadas aos 7 e 14 dias após a queimadura. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos aos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e Mann Whitney. Resultados: a análise histológica das lesões por queimadura mostrou a diminuição da inflamação (p <0,0001) e aumento da proliferação de fibroblastos (p <0,0001), principalmente nos 7 dias em todos os tratamentos relacionados ao grupo controle. Aos 14 dias, a maior efetividade na aceleração do processo cicatricial foi significativa (p<0,0001) no grupo Terapia a Laser de Baixa Intensidade associado à Membrana Amniótica Humana. Conclusão: a associação das terapias de fotobiomodulação à membrana amniótica humana permitiu comprovar redução no tempo do processo cicatricial das lesões experimentais, estimulando sua proposição como protocolo de tratamento em queimaduras de espessura parcial.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la fotobiomodulación con láser de baja intensidad 660 nm de sola o combinada con la membrana amniótica humana en la reparación de quemaduras de espesor parcial en ratas. Método: estudio experimental con 48 ratas Wistar macho, aleatorizadas en cuatro grupos: Control, Membrana Amniótica Humana, Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad y Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana. Las características histopatológicas de las muestras de piel fueron analizadas a los 7 y 14 días después de la quemadura. Los datos obtenidos fueron sometidos a las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y Mann-Whitney. Resultados: el análisis histológico de las lesiones por quemadura mostró una disminución de la inflamación (p <0,0001) y un aumento de la proliferación de fibroblastos (p <0,0001) principalmente a los 7 días en todos los tratamientos en comparación con el grupo control; a los 14 días, en el grupo de Terapia con Láser de Baja Intensidad combinada con la Membrana Amniótica Humana la mayor efectividad en la aceleración del proceso de cicatrización fue significativa (p<0,0001). Conclusión: la asociación de terapias de fotobiomodulación con la membrana amniótica humana permitió comprobar que hubo una reducción en el tiempo del proceso de cicatrización de lesiones experimentales, lo cual favorece que se proponga como protocolo de tratamiento en quemaduras de espesor parcial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing , Burns/pathology , Burns/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Low-Level Light Therapy , Amnion/pathology
14.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3839, ene.-dic. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431827

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar el costo-efectividad y calcular la relación costoefectividad incremental del tratamiento multicapa compresivo con respecto al inelástico (bota de Unna y estiramiento corto) según la literatura actual. Método: estudio cuantitativo de costo-efectividad a través de un modelo con ayuda del software TreeAge® para la elaboración del árbol de decisión. Los supuestos anunciados se obtuvieron mediante el uso de datos secundarios de la literatura para estimar el costo y la efectividad de los parámetros asumidos. Para ello, se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura con metaanálisis. Resultados: el árbol de decisión, después del Roll Back, mostró que la terapia multicapa prevaleció sobre las alternativas en el caso base, presentó un costo intermedio por aplicación, pero obtuvo la mayor efectividad. El gráfico del análisis de costo-efectividad también demostró que había un dominio extendido de la bota de Unna sobre el vendaje de estiramiento corto. El análisis de sensibilidad reveló que el vendaje multicapa sigue siendo la alternativa con mayor costoefectividad, dentro del umbral de disposición a pagar. Conclusión: la alternativa con mayor costo-efectividad fue el vendaje multicapa, considerado estándar de oro en la literatura. La segunda alternativa con mayor costo-efectividad fue la bota de Unna, la terapia más utilizada en Brasil.


Objective: to analyze the cost-effectiveness and calculate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of multilayer compressive treatment in relation to inelastic (Unna boot and short stretch) therapy according to the current literature. Method: quantitative study about cost-effectiveness through modeling with the aid of TreeAge® software for construction of the decision tree. The anticipated assumptions were obtained by using secondary literature data to estimate the cost and effectiveness of the assumed parameters. A systematic literature review with meta-analysis was performed for this end. Results: the decision tree after Roll Back showed that the multilayer therapy dominated the alternatives in the base case, representing an intermediate cost per application, although with the highest effectiveness. The cost-effectiveness analysis graph also showed extended dominance of the Unna boot in relation to the short stretch bandage. The sensitivity analysis showed that multilayer bandage remains a more cost-effective alternative, within the threshold of willingness to pay. Conclusion: the most cost-effective alternative was multilayer bandage, considered the gold standard in the literature. The second most cost-effective alternative was the Unna boot, the most used therapy in Brazil.


Objetivo: analisar a custo-efetividade e calcular a razão de custoefetividade incremental do tratamento compressivo multicamadas em relação ao inelástico (bota de Unna e curto estiramento) de acordo com a literatura atual. Método: estudo quantitativo sobre custo-efetividade por meio de modelagem com auxílio do software TreeAge® para a construção da árvore de decisão. Os pressupostos anunciados foram obtidos pelo uso de dados secundários de literatura para estimativa do custo e efetividade dos parâmetros assumidos. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de literatura com metanálise. Resultados: a árvore de decisão, após Roll Back mostrou que a terapia multicamadas dominou as alternativas no caso-base, representando custo intermediário por aplicação, porém, com a maior efetividade. O gráfico da análise de custo-efetividade também mostrou uma dominância estendida da bota de Unna em relação à bandagem de curto estiramento. A análise de sensibilidade mostrou que a bandagem multicamadas permanece como alternativa mais custo-efetiva, dentro do limiar de disposição para pagar. Conclusão: a alternativa com maior custo-efetividade foi a bandagem multicamadas, considerada padrão ouro na literatura. A segunda alternativa mais custo-efetiva foi a bota de Unna, terapia mais utilizada no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Varicose Ulcer/therapy , Wound Healing , Brazil , Compression Bandages , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
15.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 292-297, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532061

ABSTRACT

La resorción ósea alveolar suele dar lugar a que las inserciones de la mucosa interfieran para la construcción, estabilidad y retención de una prótesis removible, una opción que permite modificar este tejido se obtiene por medio de una vestibuloplastia. Actualmente se puede favorecer la cicatrización de heridas utilizando láser de alta potencia aplicado a procedimientos quirúrgicos orales. Se realiza reporte de caso en paciente femenino a la que se realizó procedimiento de vestibuloplastia con láser de Er,Cr:YSGG, utilizando de forma postoperatoria gel de quitosano en nanotransportador biomolécula EPX. Se observa una cicatrización rápida y favorable al combinar ambas terapéuticas, además al utilizar productos con quitosano se disminuye el riesgo de la necrosis de fibroblastos gingivales humanos como recientemente se reportó en el uso de colutorios de clorhexidina (AU)


Alveolar bone resorption often results in mucosal insertions interfering with the construction, stability and retention of a removable prosthesis, an option to modify this tissue is obtained by means of vestibuloplasty. Currently, wound healing can be promoted by using high power laser applied to oral surgical procedures. A case report of a female patient who underwent a vestibuloplasty procedure with laser Er,Cr:YSGG, using chitosan gel with EPX biomolecule nanocarriers postoperatively. A fast and favorable healing is observed when combining both therapeutics, besides, when using products with chitosan, the risk of necrosis of human gingival fibroblasts is reduced, as recently reported in the use of chlorhexidine mouthwashes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Nanotechnology/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Chitosan
16.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-6, jul.set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512591

ABSTRACT

As amputações traumáticas da ponta nasal são lesões desfigurantes, que determinam importante rejeição social, impondo ao paciente um sofrimento adicional, além daqueles já causados pela ferida e suas limitações funcionais decorrentes do traumatismo. Tais defeitos representam um desafio para os cirurgiões plásticos, e existem diversas técnicas que poderão ser adotadas para tratar este mesmo tipo de defeito. Neste trabalho são mostrados inicialmente três casos de amputação traumática exclusivamente da ponta nasal com seus respectivos tratamentos, para em seguida apresentar uma revisão histórica e discussão das diversas técnicas utilizadas para reconstrução da ponta nasal, avaliando comparativamente e enfatizando a evolução técnica no armamentário da cirurgia plástica.


Traumatic amputations of the nasal tip are disfiguring injuries, which determine important social rejection, imposing additional suffering on the patient and those already caused by the wound and its functional limitations resulting from the trauma. Such defects represent a challenge for plastic surgeons, and several techniques can be adopted to treat this type of defect. This work shows three cases of traumatic amputation exclusively of the nasal tip with their respective treatments. They present a historical review and discussion of the different techniques used for nasal tip reconstruction, comparatively evaluating and emphasizing the technical evolution in plastic surgery armament.

17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-8, jul.set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512674

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O alto custo da terapia de pressão negativa (TPN) torna o procedimento menos acessível em instituições com recursos limitados. Para resolver o problema, têm sido propostos os curativos a vácuo simplificados, mas a utilidade desses equipamentos ainda é pouco estudada. O objetivo desse trabalho é avaliar a viabilidade (operacional e financeira) de um modelo de curativo a vácuo simplificado (MCVS). Método: A viabilidade operacional foi avaliada por meio de estudo de tempo de instalação e quantidade de curativos realizados; a financeira, por análise de custos econômicos de trocas de curativos. Resultados: Foram tratadas 50 feridas (25 em cada grupo: MCVS x hidrofibra prata). Para o MCVS, o número de curativos por paciente foi menor, enquanto o tempo de instalação, maior. MCVS apresentou custos maiores. O aumento de custo associado a MCVS foi relacionado ao preço médio de comercialização do produto e quantidade de trocas de curativos; tempo de tratamento e tempo de instalação do MCVS não interferiram em custos. Em contraste, os custos do MCVS se mostraram bem inferiores aos custos anunciados para a TPN convencional. Conclusão: MCVS foi considerado viável desde que seja feito por equipes qualificadas e resulte em poucas trocas de curativos (< 3).


Introduction: The high cost of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) makes the procedure less accessible in institutions with limited resources. To solve the problem, streamlined vacuum dressings have been proposed, but the usefulness of these devices has been poorly studied. The objective of this work is to evaluate the feasibility (operational and financial) of a simplified vacuum dressing system model (SVDM). Methods: Operational viability was assessed by studying application time and quantity of dressings performed; financial viability, by analyzing the economic costs of dressing changes. Results: Fifty wounds were treated (25 in each group: SVDM x silver hydrofiber). For SVDM, the number of dressings per patient was lower, while the application time was higher. The SVDM showed higher costs. The increase in the expenses associated with the SVDM was related to the average selling price of the product and the number of dressing changes; treatment time and application time of the SVDM did not interfere with costs. In contrast, SVDM costs proved to be below the announced expenses for conventional NPWT. Conclusion: SVDM was considered viable as long as qualified teams perform it and results in few dressing changes (< 3).

18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-7, jul.set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512678

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Feridas complexas são lesões tegumentares graves, de difícil resolução com curativos convencionais. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever uma técnica de cicatrização de feridas por terceira intenção, reprodutível e de baixo custo, aplicável a feridas complexas, utilizando uma prótese de policloreto de vinila (PVC) colocada temporariamente na área da lesão para promover proteção e estimular sua "granulação", seguida de enxerto autólogo de pele de espessura parcial. Método: De forma consecutiva, foram selecionados 20 pacientes com feridas complexas, decorrentes de causas externas, divididos em 2 grupos: A - pacientes que foram submetidos à técnica de cobertura com prótese de PVC, seguida de enxerto; e B - pacientes submetidos aos cuidados da equipe de curativo, com trocas diárias até granulação da ferida, padrão da nossa instituição. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto ao tempo de internação; custos; em relação à dor local; à presença de complicações; ao tempo até a alta médica; e à satisfação do paciente. Resultados: O tempo de internamento e seus custos, assim como o tempo até a alta médica, foram menores no grupo A (p<0,05). Todavia, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação à dor local entre as técnicas A e B. Conclusão: A técnica utilizando prótese de PVC e enxerto possui boa eficácia para o tratamento de feridas complexas, sendo reprodutível e de baixo custo.


Introduction: Complex wounds are serious tegumentary injuries that are difficult to resolve with conventional dressings. This study aimed to describe a third-intention wound healing technique, reproducible and low cost, applicable to complex wounds, using polyvinyl chloride (PVC) prosthesis temporarily placed in the injured area to promote the protection and stimulate its "granulation," followed by autologous partial-thickness skin grafting. Method: Consecutively, 20 patients with complex wounds resulting from external causes were selected and divided into 2 groups: A - patients who underwent the coverage technique with PVC prosthesis, followed by grafting, and B - patients submitted to the care of the dressing team, with daily changes until wound granulation, standard in our institution. Patients were evaluated regarding length of stay; costs; local pain; complications; the time until medical discharge; and patient satisfaction. Results: The length of hospital stay, its costs, and the time until medical discharge were shorter in group A (p<0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in local pain between techniques A and B. Conclusion: The technique using PVC prosthesis and graft has good efficacy for treating complex wounds, being reproducible and inexpensive.

19.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1053-1057, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514347

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Experimental healing studies in humans are complex and difficult to replicate in vitro. Hence, animal models are needed to study the different stages involved. The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) is a model close to human physiology, including the lack of vitamin C synthesis, a precursor of collagen fibers for healing. The thermal injury in this animal makes it possible to study all the stages of healing, taking few days to show tissue repair in the processes with and without localized infection. The aim of this work was to systematize an experimental guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) animal model protocol for studies on healing with and without localized infection.


Los estudios experimentales de cicatrización en humanos son complejos, difícilmente replicables in vitro, por lo que se hace necesarias modelos animales que permitan el estudio de las distintas etapas que ella implica. El cobayo (Cavia porcellus) resulta ser un modelo cercano a la fisiología humana, incluyendo la falta síntesis de vitamina C precursora de fibras colágenas para la cicatrización. La lesión térmica en este animal, permite estudiar todas las etapas de la cicatrización, mostrando pocos días en la reparación tisular, tanto en proceso con y sin infección localizada. El objetivo de este trabajo fue sistematizar un protocolo de modelo animal experimental en cobayo (Cavia porcellus) para estudios de cicatrización con y sin infección localizada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Wound Healing , Burns , Models, Animal , Wound Infection
20.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 13: 4796, jun. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537091

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o potencial cicatrizante de um produto em pó à base de própolis verde em lesão aguda induzida em ratos. Método: trata-se de um estudo experimental realizado com 27 ratos da linhagem wistar divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos. As lesões foram induzidas cirurgicamente e tratadas a cada 48 horas com os produtos em teste (pó à base de própolis verde, Brava Ostomy Powder® e soro fisiológico). As lesões foram analisadas macroscópica e microscopicamente no 7º, 9º e 11º dia de pós-operatório. Resultados: a maioria das lesões tratadas com pó à base de própolis verde cicatrizou em 11 dias. O produto formulado para este estudo e o comercial mostraram resultados satisfatórios na retração das feridas, atividade anti-inflamatória, angiogênese, proliferação de fibroblastos e síntese de colágeno. Conclusão: o tratamento com o produto formulado à base de própolis verde mostrou grande potencial de cicatrização das lesões cutâneas


Objective: To evaluate the healing potential of a green propolis-based powder product on acute lesions induced in rats. Method: This is an experimental study conducted with 27 Wistar lineage rats randomly divided into three groups. The lesions were surgically induced and treated every 48 hours with the test products (green propolis-based powder, Brava Ostomy Powder™, and saline solution). The lesions were analyzed macroscopically and microscopically on the 7th, 9th, and 11th postoperative days. Results: Most of the lesions treated with green propolis-based powder healed in 11 days. The product formulated for this study and the commercial one showed satisfactory results in wound retraction, anti-inflammatory activity, angiogenesis, fibroblast proliferation, and collagen synthesis. Conclusion: Treatment with the green propolis-based product showed great potential for healing skin lesions


Objetivo: evaluar el potencial cicatrizante de un producto en polvo a base de propóleo verde en heridas agudas inducidas en ratas. Método: se trata de un estudio experimental realizado con 27 ratas wistar, que se separaron de forma aleatoria en tres grupos. Las heridas quirúrgicas fueron tratadas cada 48 horas con los productos en prueba (polvo a base de propóleo verde, Brava Ostomy Powder® y solución fisiológica). Las heridas se evaluaron macro y microscópicamente a los 7, 9 y 11 días postoperatorios. Resultados: la mayoría de las heridas tratadas con el polvo a base de propóleo verde cicatrizaron en 11 días. El producto formulado para este estudio y el producto comercial mostraron resultados satisfactorios en la retracción de heridas, actividad antiinflamatoria, angiogénesis, proliferación de fibroblastos y síntesis de colágeno. Conclusión: el tratamiento con el producto a base de propóleo verde mostró un gran potencial curativo de las lesiones cutáneas


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Pharmacognosy , Propolis , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
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