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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 35-40, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007842

ABSTRACT

IgG4 is a subclass of IgG. Elevated serum IgG4 levels are an important serological feature of IgG4 related diseases and serve as a serological marker for assessing disease activity and severity. The harmonization of IgG4 detection is crucial for its clinical application. National Clinical Research Center for Dermatologic and Immunologic Diseases (Peking Union Medical College Hospital), Experimental Diagnosis Research Committee, Rheumatology and Immunology Physicians Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, Autoantibodies Detection Committee, and Chinese Rheumatism Data Center have organized clinical and laboratory experts to draft this consensus, aiming to standardize IgG4 detection and provide guideline for clinician and laboratory experts to appropriate utility and interpret IgG4 results in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Immunoglobulin G/blood
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252555, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364519

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P<0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P<0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activit.


O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P<0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P<0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Carbon Tetrachloride , Palm Oil , Biomarkers/blood , Liver
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254011, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Livestock is a fundamental part of the agriculture industry in Pakistan and contributes more than 11.53% to GDP. Among livestock species, the buffaloes are regarded as the black gold of Pakistan. Being the highest milk producers globally, Nili-Ravi buffaloes are the most famous ones. Buffaloes are affected by many endemic diseases, and "Hemorrhagic septicemia" (HS) is one of them. This study was designed to ascertain the effects of experimental exposure ofP. multocida B:2 (oral) and its immunogens, i.e., LPS (oral and intravenous) and OMP (oral and subcutaneous) on reproductive hormonal profiles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Repeated serum samples were collected from the jugular vein of experimental animals for 21 days (0, 02, 04, 08, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 and 504 hours). Hormonal assays to determine the serum concentrations of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), Estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) were performed using (MyBioSource) commercial Elisa kits. The hormonal profile of all treatment groups of the buffalo heifers exhibited significant (P<0.05) variations as compared to the control group (G-1). These results indicate suppression in Nili-Ravi buffaloes' reproductive hormonal profile on exposure to P. multocida B:2 and its immunogens. This influence warrants that exposure to H.S may be a possible reason for delayed puberty and poor reproduction performance in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.


Resumo A pecuária é uma parte fundamental da indústria agrícola no Paquistão e contribui com 11,53% do PIB nacional. Entre as espécies de gado, os búfalos são considerados o ouro negro do Paquistão. Sendo os maiores produtores de leite em todo o mundo, os búfalos Nili-Ravi são os mais famosos. Os búfalos são afetados por muitas doenças endêmicas, entre as quais a "septicemia hemorrágica" (SH). Este estudo busca verificar os efeitos da exposição experimental de P. multocida B:2 (oral) e seus imunógenos, ou seja, LPS (oral e intravenoso) e OMP (oral e subcutâneo), nos perfis hormonais reprodutivos em búfalos Nili-Ravi. Amostras de soro repetidas foram coletadas da veia jugular de animais experimentais por 21 dias (0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 e 504 horas). Os ensaios hormonais para determinar as concentrações séricas do hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH), hormônio foliculoestimulante (FSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH), estrogênio (E2) e progesterona (P4) foram realizados usando kits comerciais Elisa (MyBioSource). O perfil hormonal de todos os grupos de tratamento das novilhas bubalinas apresentou variações significativas (P < 0,05) em relação ao grupo controle (G-1). Esses resultados indicam supressão no perfil hormonal reprodutivo de búfalos Nili-Ravi na exposição a P. multocida B:2 e seus imunógenos. Essa influência garante que a exposição à SH possa ser uma possível razão para o atraso da puberdade e o baixo desempenho reprodutivo em búfalos Nili-Ravi.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pasteurella Infections/veterinary , Reproduction , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Buffaloes , Progesterone , Cattle , Lipopolysaccharides , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pasteurella multocida
4.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2024. 46 p. ilus., grafs., fig..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1555167

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A morfologia e biologia do nevo melanocítico (NM) com glóbulos periféricos (GP) é descrita como parte do processo natural de evolução do nevo melanocítico sendo caracterizada como fase de crescimento. Por outro lado, os melanomas cutâneos (MC) com glóbulos periféricos ainda permanecem indefinidos. Objetivos: avaliar e descrever as características dos melanomas com glóbulos periféricos à dermatoscopia e, com isso, criar um algoritmo de conduta para facilitar o manejo das lesões melanocíticas em crescimento. Como objetivo secundário, foi realizado análise prospectiva de lesões melanocíticas com glóbulos periféricos à dermatoscopia através da utilização do algoritmo proposto previamente buscando comprovar sua aplicabilidade clínica. Materiais e métodos: Fase 1, estudo retrospectivo, foram avaliadas lesões melanocíticas com GP de 2006 a 2020. As imagens dermatoscópicas destas lesões foram avaliadas por dermatoscopista experiente, através da análise estatística foi possível desenvolver um algoritmo de conduta. Fase 2, na amostra inicial foram incluídas lesões melanocíticas com GP entre 2020 e 2023. Com esta nova amostra, foi realizada a validação do algoritmo de conduta através da aplicação estatística de um modelo preditivo. Em um segundo momento, 04 observadores avaliaram as imagens dermatoscópicas através do algoritmo proposto sendo possível estimar seu desempenho. Resultados: Fase 1, das 401 lesões, 179 foram excisadas sendo 41 melanomas. Os melanomas foram mais comuns quando localizados nos membros inferiores (p<0,1) e se apresentavam com padrão dermatoscópico desorganizado. Enquanto os nevos melanocíticos foram mais comuns no tronco e com padrão organizado. Além disso, a presença de uma das seguintes estruturas: pontos e glóbulos atípicos, estruturas vasculares atípicas ou área de borrão apresentaram associação com melanoma. Fase 2, as 55 lesões coletadas foram excisadas e adicionadas ao banco de dados final (n= 456), a partir dos valores preditos deste banco de dados, foi possível estabelecer uma curva ROC cuja área sob a curva foi de 0,834 e acurácia de 71,21%. A análise dermatoscópica de quatro observadores demonstrou área sob a curva ROC de 0,627 a 0,765. Conclusão: Lesões melanocíticas com glóbulos periféricos apresentam maior risco para melanoma quando em indivíduos acima de 30 anos de idade, se localizadas nos membros inferior e com a presença de uma ou mais das seguintes estruturas: pontos e glóbulos atípicos e/ou estruturas vasculares atípicas e/ou área de borrão. Estas características encontradas foram validadas por modelo preditivo demonstrando um bom desempenho através da análise da curva ROC e índice de acurácia dentro do esperado


Introduction: The morphology and biology of melanocytic nevus (MN) with peripheral globules (PG) is described as part of the natural process of evolution of melanocytic nevus and is characterized as a growth phase. On the other hand, cutaneous melanomas (CM) with peripheral globules remain unclear. Objectives: To evaluate and describe in detail the characteristics of melanocytic lesions with peripheral globules at dermoscopy, therefore, create an algorithm of management of growing melanocytic lesions. As a secondary objective, a prospective analysis of melanocytic lesions with peripheral globules was carried out using the previously proposed algorithm, seeking to prove its clinical applicability. Materials and methods: Phase 1, retrospective study, melanocytic lesions with PG were evaluated from 2006 to 2020. The dermoscopic images of these lesions were evaluated by an experienced dermatoscopist, through statistical analysis it was possible to develop a management algorithm. Phase 2, melanocytic lesions with peripheral globules were included between 2020 and 2023. In this phase, a predictive model was fitted to the dataset to evaluate the algorithm accuracy and ROC curve. In a second moment, 04 observers evaluated the dermoscopic images using the proposed algorithm, making it possible to estimate its performance. Results: Phase 1, of the 401 lesions, 179 were excised, 41 of which were melanomas. Melanomas were more common when located on the lower limbs (p<0.1) and presented a disorganized dermoscopic pattern. While melanocytic nevi were more common on the trunk and with an organized pattern. In addition, the presence of one of the following structures: atypical dots and globules, atypical vessels or blotch was associated with melanoma. Phase 2, the 55 lesions collected were excised and added to the final database (n= 456), based on the predicted values from this database, it was possible to establish a ROC curve whose area under the curve was 0.834 and accuracy was 71 .21%. Dermoscopic analysis by four observers demonstrated an area under the ROC curve of 0.627 to 0.765. Conclusion: Melanocytic lesions with peripheral globules are the greatest risk of melanoma in individuals older than 30 years if located on the lower limbs and if lesions reveal one or more of the following structures: atypical dots and globules, atypical vessels, or blotch. These characteristics found were validated by a predictive model demonstrating an excellent performance index through ROC curve analysis and an accuracy index within expectations


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Nevus, Pigmented/blood
5.
Femina ; 51(10): 574-584, 20231030. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532462

ABSTRACT

A Organização Mundial de Saúde estima que aproximadamente 30% das mulheres na menacme apresentam anemia ferropriva, com implicações significativas para a saúde e a qualidade de vida delas. A anemia é definida com base nos níveis de hemoglobina e pode variar em gravidade. Essa condição resulta em comprometimento da capacidade de transporte de oxigênio, exigindo mecanismos compensatórios do organismo. Além disso, pacientes que enfrentam perda sanguínea aguda e crônica e distúrbios hemorrágicos estão em risco elevado de desenvolver anemia. O Programa Patient Blood Management (PBM) surge como uma abordagem centrada no paciente, enfocando deficiência de ferro, anemia, coagulopatia e perda de sangue. O Patient Blood Management propõe a otimização da gestão do sangue do paciente, evitando transfusões desnecessárias e promovendo uma abordagem mais conservadora. Este artigo aborda a relevância da deficiência de ferro durante a gestação e a menacme, bem como as estratégias de tratamento no período pré-operatório. A suplementação de ferro, seja por via oral ou endovenosa, é fundamental para tratar a anemia ferropriva, enquanto as hemotransfusões são reservadas para casos mais graves. A abordagem sistemática da anemia é crucial para garantir melhores desfechos em cirurgias ginecológicas e no período gestacional. A suplementação de ferro, principalmente via intravenosa, surge como uma opção terapêutica eficaz e rápida, enquanto a hemotransfusão, apesar de útil em situações específicas, apresenta riscos associados que devem ser cautelosamente avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Pregnancy Complications/blood , Iron Compounds/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Transfusion , Preoperative Care/methods , Women's Health , Clinical Decision-Making
6.
Actual. osteol ; 19(2): 160-166, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1525671

ABSTRACT

Introducción: describir el caso de un paciente con pancreatitis aguda secundaria a hipercalcemia por hiperparatiroidismo prImario. Esta es una causa poco frecuente de pancreatitis, asociada a morbimortalidad significativa en caso de no ser diagnosticada oportunamente Caso clínico: un hombre de 44 años, con antecedente de pancreatitis de presunto origen biliar que había requerido previamente colecistectomía, consultó por dolor abdominal y náuseas. Los estudios complementarios fueron compatibles con un nuevo episodio de pancreatitis aguda. Presentaba hipercalcemia y hormona paratiroidea (PTH) elevada, configurando hiperparatiroidismo primario. La gammagrafía informó hallazgos compatibles con adenoma paratiroideo. Se inició tratamiento con reanimación hídrica y analgesia con adecuada disminución de calcio sérico y resolución de dolor abdominal. Después de la paratiroidectomía se logró normalizar los niveles de calcio y PTH. Discusión: la pancreatitis aguda es una condición potencialmente fatal, por lo que la sospecha de causas poco frecuentes como la hipercalcemia debe tenerse en cuenta. El tratamiento de la hipercalcemia por adenoma paratiroideo se basa en reanimación hídrica adecuada y manejo quirúrgico del adenoma, con el fin de evitar recurrencia de pancreatitis y mortalidad. (AU)


Introduction: we describe the case of a patient with acute pancreatitis secondary to hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism. This is a rare cause of pancreatitis associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed in time. Clinical case: a 44-year-old man with a history of pancreatitis of presumed biliary origin, which had previously required cholecystectomy, consulted for abdominal pain and nausea. The laboratory findings were compatible with a new episode of acute pancreatitis. He presented hypercalcemia and an elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH), configuring primary hyperparathyroidism. Scintigraphy was performed, yielding findings compatible with parathyroid adenoma. Treatment with fluid resuscitation and analgesia was started, resulting in an adequate decrease in serum calcium and resolution of abdominal pain. After parathyroidectomy, calcium and PTH levels were normalized. Discussion: acute pancreatitis is a potentially fatal condition; therefore the suspicion of rare causes, such as hypercalcemia, should be considered. The treatment of hypercalcemia due to parathyroid adenoma is based on adequate fluid resuscitation and surgical management of the adenoma, to avoid recurrence of pancreatitis and death. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreatitis/etiology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Pancreatitis/prevention & control , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Radionuclide Imaging , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hypercalcemia/blood , Hypercalcemia/therapy
7.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 181-189, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554586

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia de vitamina D (VD) en el embarazo se relaciona con una mayor incidencia de cesáreas, preeclampsia y partos prematuros. Objetivo: evaluar si el grado de insuficiencia de VD se asocia a mayor número de cesáreas y evaluar la correlación entre la 25 hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) materna y en sangre del cordón del recién nacido. Las mujeres (n=127) se dividieron según sus niveles de 25OHD (ng/mL):G1:<20 (deficiencia), G2:20-30 (insuficiencia), G3:>30 (suficiencia). Se registraron edad; edad gestacional (EG); índice de masa corporal (IMC); tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica; tipo de parto y la estación del año en que se tomó la muestra. Se determinaron calcemia (ng/mL); 25OHD; parathormona intacta (pg/mL); fosfatasa alcalina ósea (UI/L) y crosslaps (pg/mL). La edad media fue de 26±6 años y la EG de 35,8±2,7 semanas, sin diferencias entre grupos. El porcentaje de cesáreas fue mayor en G1 que en G2 y G3 (31,3%, 21,4% y 25%, respectivamente; p<0,05). El mayor porcentaje de muestras se tomó en primavera (p<0,05). No se observaron diferencias en las demás variables maternas estudiadas. La 25OHD materna correlacionó positivamente con los valores de la sangre de cordón de sus respectivos recién nacidos (r= 0,67; p<0,0001). Independientemente de la época del año y del IMC, se observó que un porcentaje significativo de las mujeres embarazadas estudiadas tenía niveles de 25OHD inferiores a 30 ng/mL. Conclusión: evidenciamos que la deficiencia de VD materna se asoció al número de cesáreas. Asimismo, los niveles séricos de 25OHD en sangre de cordón umbilical correlacionaron significativamente con los maternos. (AU)


Vitamin D (VD) insufficiency in pregnancy is associated with a higher incidence of cesarean section, preeclampsia, and preterm delivery. Objective: to evaluate if the degree of VD insufficiency is associated with the incidence of cesarean section and to determine the correlation between maternal and newborn cord blood 25-hydroxy VS (25OHD). Women (n=127) were divided according to their 25OHD levels (ng/mL): G1:<20 (deficiency), G2:20-30 (insufficiency), G3:>30 (sufficiency). Age; gestational age (GA); body mass index (BMI); systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg); type of delivery and the season of the year in which the sample was taken were recorded. Calcemia (ng/mL); 25OHD; intact parathormone (pg/mL); bone alkaline phosphatase (IU/L) and Crosslaps (pg/mL) levels were determined. Mean age was 26±6 years and GA was 35.8±2.7 weeks with no differences among groups. The % of cesarean sections was higher in G1 than in G2 and G3 (31.3%, 21.4% and 25%; p<0.05). The highest % of samples were taken in spring (p<0.05). No differences were observed in the other maternal variables studied. Maternal serum 25OHD levels correlated positively with those of cord blood from their respective newborns (r=0.67; p<0.0001). Regardless the season of the year and BMI, a high % of the studied pregnant women presented 25OHD levels lower than 30 ng/ml. Conclusion: we found that maternal VD deficiency is associated with the number of cesarean sections. In addition, 25OHD levels in the newborn significantly correlate with maternal serum levels. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Pregnancy/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Seasons , Vitamin D , Calcium, Dietary/administration & dosage , 25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2/blood , Incidence , Gestational Age , Fetal Blood , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology
9.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 90-95, Junio 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443391

ABSTRACT

En la Diabetes tipo 1 (DM1) la pérdida de células ß pancreáticas es consecuencia de un proceso de autoinmunidad que cursa con la presencia de autoanticuerpos anti-islotes pancreáticos (AAPs). Estos AAPs son marcadores útiles para la clasificación de la enfermedad. En un centro pediátrico de tercer nivel se analizó la frecuencia de presentación de GADA, IA-2A, ZnT8A e IAA en un grupo con reciente debut entre enero 2018 y agosto 2021 (n= 90). Además, se investigó la frecuencia de presentación y relación de los AAPs con la edad, sexo y tiempo de evolución en pacientes en seguimiento (n= 240). En el grupo de debut se obtuvo positividad de GADA, IA-2A, ZnT8A y IAA en 77,8; 60; 62 y 47,8% de los pacientes respectivamente, un 4% no presentó AAPs. El 95,6% de los pacientes presentaron al menos un AAPs positivo. La frecuencia de IAA en el grupo en debut fue mayor en menores de 5 años. En el grupo en seguimiento el 75,2% resultaron GADA positivo (85,7% en mujeres y 62,8% en varones) p<0,05. IA-2A y ZnT8A fueron positivos en 45 y 51.7% respectivamente. El 91% presentaron al menos un AAP positivo. En este grupo se evidenció una menor positividad en función del tiempo de evolución. Se pudo determinar la frecuencia de presentación de los AAPs en un grupo en debut y la relación con la edad, sexo y tiempo de evolución en pacientes en seguimiento. La determinación de APPs facilita la correcta clasificación y elección de la terapia adecuada (AU)


In type 1 diabetes (DM1) the loss of pancreatic ß-cells is a consequence of an autoimmune process that results in the presence of pancreatic anti-islet autoantibodies (PAAs). PAAs are useful markers for the classification of the disease. The frequency of presentation of GADA, IA-2A, ZnT8A, and IAA in a group with recent debut seen between January 2018 and August 2021 (n= 90) was analyzed in a tertiary pediatric center. In addition, we investigated the frequency of presentation and association of PAAs with age, sex, and time of evolution in patients in follow-up (n= 240). In the debut group, GADA, IA2A, ZnT8A, and IAA positivity was found in 77.8, 60, 62, and 47.8% of patients, respectively; no PAAs were observed in 4% of the patients. Overall, 95.6% presented at least one positive PAA. The frequency of IAA in the debut group was higher in children younger than 5 years. In the follow-up group, 75.2% were GADA positive (85.7% of females and 62.8% of males) p<0.05. IA-2A and ZnT8A were positive in 45 and 51.7% respectively. Ninety-one percent presented with at least one positive PAA. In this group, a lower positivity was evidenced as a function of the time of evolution. The frequency of presentation of PAAs in a debut group and the relationship with age, sex, and time of evolution in patients in follow-up was demonstrated. The assessment of PAAs facilitates the correct classification and choice of adequate therapy (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Autoantibodies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/classification , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/blood , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Autoimmune Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Glutamate Decarboxylase
10.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 96-101, Junio 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443406

ABSTRACT

La pesquisa neonatal de hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita se realiza mediante la determinación de 17 hidroxiprogesterona (17OHP) en gotas de sangre seca en papel de filtro. Los bebés prematuros presentan valores más elevados que los bebés de término, siendo de utilidad contar con límites de corte apropiados. Nuestro objetivo fue actualizar los valores de corte de 17OHP ajustados por edad gestacional para la metodología en uso a nivel nacional por las jurisdicciones asistidas por el "Programa Nacional de Fortalecimiento de la Detección Precoz de Enfermedades Congénitas". La 17OHP se determinó utilizando el kit comercial de enzimo-inmunoanálisis (ELISA competitivo), Elizen Neonatal 17OHP Screening (Zentech, Bélgica). Se obtuvieron límites de corte utilizando percentiles de la distribución de los valores de 17OHP para cada edad gestacional. La sensibilidad obtenida fue 100%, especificidad 98,76 %, tasa de falsos positivos 1,24 % y el valor predictivo positivo 1,12 %. Destacamos la importancia de disponer de límites de corte adecuados a la población. La armonización de los mismos permitirá resultados comparables entre los programas regionales de pesquisa neonatal (AU)


Newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia is performed by the measurement of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) in dried blood spots on filter paper. Premature infants have higher values than full-term infants, and appropriate cutoff values are useful. Our aim was to update the cut-off values of 17OHP adjusted for gestational age for the methodology used at a national level in regions assisted by the "National Program for Strengthening the Early Detection of Congenital Diseases". 17OHP was determined using the commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (competitive ELISA) kit, Elizen Newborn 17OHP Screening (Zentech, Belgium). Cut-off values were obtained using percentiles of the distribution of 17OHP values for each gestational age. Sensitivity was 100%, specificity 98.76%, false positive rate 1.24%, and positive predictive value 1.12%. It is important to have cut-off values that are adjusted to the population. Harmonization will allow for the comparison of results among regional newborn screening programs (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Predictive Value of Tests , Gestational Age , Neonatal Screening/methods , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/diagnosis , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/blood , 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone/blood
11.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 107-114, Junio 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443451

ABSTRACT

Obtener intervalos de referencia (IRs) confiables para pruebas de laboratorio en pediatría es particularmente complejo y costoso. Una alternativa a este problema es el uso de métodos indirectos, donde se usan grandes bases de datos preexistentes de pacientes. Nuestros objetivos fueron: calcular IR para TSH y hormonas tiroideas (Perfil tiroideo, PT) en población pediátrica que asiste al Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, por método indirecto y verificar la confiabilidad de los mismos para su aplicación. Se recolectaron datos de 19.842 pacientes entre enero de 2020 y diciembre de 2021. Se aplicaron filtros para eliminar los pacientes que pudieran tener afectado el PT. Los 4.861 pacientes incorporados al análisis fueron divididos en 3 grupos: G1: 0-12 meses (n: 551), G2:13 meses- 7 años (n: 1347) y G3: 8 -18 años (n: 2963). Los IR fueron calculados por 2 métodos: el de Hoffman adaptado y el de CLSI EP28A3, para cada grupo de edad. TSH, TT3 y T4L se analizaron con Architect i4000-Abbott y TT4 con Immulite 2000XPi-Siemens. Para la primera etapa de verificación se utilizaron 20 sueros de pacientes provenientes de análisis prequirúrgicos. Los outliers se detectaron aplicando el método de Tukey. Los datos fueron procesados según CLSI EP28A3c. Los IR obtenidos fueron similares a los previamente publicados obtenidos por método directo. Los resultados de la verificación fueron en su mayoría aceptados. Por lo tanto, los métodos indirectos son una buena alternativa de cálculo de IR en pediatría (AU)


Obtaining reliable reference ranges (RRs) for laboratory tests in pediatrics is particularly complex and costly. An alternative to this problem is to use of indirect methods, where large pre-existing patient databases are used. Our aims were to calculate RRs for TSH and thyroid hormones (thyroid profile, PT) in children seen at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan by indirect methods and to verify their reliability for their application. Data were collected from 19,842 patients seen between January 2020 and December 2021. Filters were applied to eliminate patients in whom the PT was potentially affected. The remaining 4,861 patients included in the analysis were divided into 3 groups: G1: 0-12 months (n: 551), G2: 13 months-7 years (n: 1347) and G3: 8-18 years (n: 2963). RRs were calculated by 2 methods: the adapted Hoffman method and the CLSI EP28A3 method, for each age group. TSH, TT3, and FT4 were analyzed with Architect i4000-Abbott and TT4 with Immulite 2000XPi-Siemens. For the first stage of verification, 20 patient sera from pre-surgical analysis were used. Outliers were detected by applying the Tukey method. The data were processed according to CLSI EP28A3c. The RRs obtained were similar to those previously published using the direct method. The verification results were mostly acceptable. Therefore, indirect methods are a good option for calculating RRs in children (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Thyroid Function Tests/methods , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine/instrumentation
12.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 122-132, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443513

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La dislipidemia es uno de los problemas más frecuentes en los niños y adolescentes y su estudio es importante debido a su fuerte correlación con la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en adultos. Muchos países desarrollaron valores de referencia nacionales investigando los lípidos séricos utilizando datos basados en la población nacional propia. Nuestro objetivo fue verificar el intervalo de referencia del perfil lipídico calculando las curvas de percentiles a través del método indirecto en nuestra población pediátrica. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron los resultados de nuestra base de datos utilizando el método indirecto. Luego de aplicar filtros y criterios de exclusión se calcularon los percentiles 25, 50, 75, 95 y 99 para colesterol total (CT), colesterol HDL (C-HDL), colesterol no HDL (C-no-HDL), triglicéridos (TG) y colesterol LDL (C-LDL) y para el C-HDL además se calculó el percentil 10. El valor de referencia para el cambio (RCV) se utilizó para determinar si existía diferencia clínicamente significativa entre los valores de percentiles obtenidos y los utilizados en el consenso de la SAP. Resultados: No se evidenció diferencia clínicamente significativa contra los valores propuesto por la SAP, excepto para los TG para las edades 1,5,7 años en el percentil 95 y para la edad de 8 años en el percentil 75 y 95; para el C-HDL en el percentil 10 para las edades 1,16 y 17 años. Discusión: Se obtuvieron los percentiles de los lípidos y se compararon con los valores de referencia utilizados por el consenso en el que están basados las guías (AU)


Introduction: Dyslipidemia is one of the most common problems in children and adolescents and its study is important because of its strong correlation with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Many countries have developed national reference values investigating serum lipids using data based on their own national population. Our aim was to verify the lipid profile reference range by calculating percentile curves through the indirect method in our pediatric population. Materials and methods: The results of our database were analyzed using the indirect method. After applying filters and exclusion criteria, the 25th, 50th, 75th, 95th, and 99th percentiles were calculated for total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C); for HDL-C, the 10th percentile was also calculated. The reference change values (RCV) were used to determine whether there was a clinically significant difference between the percentile values obtained and those used in the consensus of the Argentine Association of Pediatrics (SAP). Results: There was no clinically significant difference with the values proposed by the SAP, except for TG for ages 1, 5, and 7 years at the 95th percentile and for age 8 years at the 75th and 95th percentile; and for HDL-C at the 10th percentile for ages 1, 16, and 17 years. Discussion: Lipid percentiles were obtained and compared with the reference values used by the consensus on which the guidelines are based (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Lipids/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Retrospective Studies
13.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 137-144, Junio 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443590

ABSTRACT

Los informes de laboratorio tienen impacto en las decisiones médicas. El ayuno es un factor preanalítico "controlable" que influye en los distintos parámetros bioquímicos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es poner en discusión la realización en pediatría de análisis clínicos con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico , analizando resultados obtenidos por diferentes autores y evaluando las diferencias clínicas encontradas según los criterios de calidad establecidos por el laboratorio de Química Clínica. La mayoría de los individuos durante el día se encuentran en estado postprandial. Los resultados del perfil lipídico en ayunas no representan las concentraciones reales promedios de los lípidos plasmáticos de un paciente. El ayuno no sería crítico en la etapa de pesquisa , pero puede ser relevante para establecer un diagnóstico certero o inicio de tratamiento. En el caso de la glucemia si se indica en el control rutinario del paciente, y no hay sospecha de alteraciones en el metabolismo de los hidratos de carbono la glucemia sin ayuno puede ser solicitada comparando la misma con valores de corte adecuado. Las diferentes guías nacionales e internacionales recomiendan que la elección de la métrica para la evaluación, control y seguimiento de pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes se realicen según el objetivo terapéutico. En los trabajos analizados, observamos que varios parámetros bioquímicos presentaron diferencias estadísticas, aunque las diferencias clínicas no fueron relevantes y permanecieron dentro de los intervalos de referencia. El factor limitante para evaluar parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno es la falta de valores de referencia adecuados. Hay evidencia suficiente para que tanto el perfil lipídico, la glucemia como el resto de los parámetros bioquímicos del laboratorio de química clínica, sean solicitados con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico de 2, 4 o 6 horas, dependiendo siempre del motivo de consulta y/o la edad del paciente. Es esencial extender la evaluación a otros analitos en población pediátrica, así como evaluar nuevos puntos de corte para parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno (AU)


Laboratory reports have an impact on medical decision-making. Fasting is a "controllable" preanalytical factor that influences the different biochemical parameters. The aim of this study is to discuss the performance of clinical analyses in pediatrics with the indication of physiological fasting, analyzing results obtained in different disciplines, and evaluating the clinical differences found according to the quality criteria established by the clinical chemistry laboratory. During the day, most patients are in a postprandial state. Fasting lipid profile results do not represent the actual average plasma lipid concentrations of a patient. Fasting would not be critical in the screening stage, but it may be relevant to establish an accurate diagnosis or initiate treatment. Regarding glycemia, if it is indicated in the routine control of the patient and there is no suspicion of alterations in carbohydrate metabolism, non-fasting glycemia can be requested, comparing it with adequate cut-off values. Different national and international guidelines recommend that the choice of metrics for the evaluation, control, and follow-up of patients with diabetes should be made according to the therapeutic objective. In the studies analyzed, we found that several biochemical parameters presented statistical differences, although the clinical differences were not relevant and remained within the reference range. The limiting factor in the evaluation of biochemical parameters without fasting is the lack of adequate reference values. There is sufficient evidence that the lipid profile, glycemia, and the remaining biochemical parameters of the clinical chemistry laboratory should be requested with the indication of a physiological fast of 2, 4, or 6 hours, always depending on the reason for consultation and/or the patient's age. It is essential to extend the evaluation to other analytes in the pediatric population, as well as to evaluate new cut-off points for biochemical parameters without fasting (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Fasting/blood , Clinical Chemistry Tests/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Pediatrics , Postprandial Period , Hyperlipidemias/diagnosis
14.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 181-190, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443731

ABSTRACT

Las pruebas de función tiroidea (PFT) son esenciales para el diagnóstico preciso y el seguimiento eficaz de la disfunción tiroidea. Existe un incremento progresivo y estable de los pedidos de PFT, incluso se han incorporado las mismas a los exámenes de salud anuales en niños sanos. Representan más del 60% de las pruebas realizadas en el laboratorio de endocrinología, tanto en adultos como en los laboratorios especializados en pediatría. Para hacer un uso eficiente de las PFT, antes de solicitarlas debemos preguntarnos… ¿Para quién? ¿Cuándo solicitarlas? ¿Qué pruebas solicitar? ¿Cómo solicitarlas? y ¿Cómo interpretar correctamente los resultados? Un resultado anormal en las PFT no siempre implica patología tiroidea asociada. Las PFT tienen importante variabilidad intra e interindividual lo que hace más compleja su correcta interpretación. La pesquisa de enfermedad tiroidea neonatal es un importante aporte a la prevención de la deficiencia mental en la infancia, su aplicación obligatoria posibilita un diagnóstico temprano, para asegurar su éxito debe considerarse en el marco de un programa integral de detección con estrategias de confirmación, tratamiento temprano y seguimiento a corto, mediano y largo plazo. No debe hacerse un uso indiscriminado de la prueba de estímulo con TRH en el diagnóstico de la patología tiroidea. En pediatría la estrategia de tamiz de enfermedad tiroidea es conveniente realizarla mediante la medición de por lo menos TSH y T4 libre e incluir la determinación de ATPO en grupos de riesgo, a diferencia de la determinación aislada de TSH como es recomendado en adultos. (AU)


Thyroid function tests (TFTs) are essential for accurate diagnosis and effective monitoring of thyroid dysfunction. There is a progressive and steady increase in requests for TFTs, and they have even been incorporated into annual health examinations in healthy children. They represent more than 60% of the tests performed in the endocrinology laboratory, both in adults and in specialized pediatric laboratories. To efficiently use TFTs, before requesting them we should ask ourselves... For whom? When to request them? Which tests to request? How to request them? and How to correctly interpret the results? An abnormal TFT result does not always imply thyroid disease. TFTs have significant intra- and inter-individual variability, which makes their correct interpretation more complex. Screening for newborn thyroid disease is an important contribution to the prevention of intellectual disability in childhood and its mandatory use enables early diagnosis; however, to ensure the test to be successful, it should be considered within the framework of a comprehensive screening program with strategies for confirmation, early treatment, and short-, medium-, and long-term follow-up. The TRH stimulation test in the diagnosis of thyroid disease should not be used indiscriminately. In children, the screening strategy for thyroid disease should be performed by measuring at least TSH and free T4 and include the measurement of TPO-ab in risk groups, as opposed to the isolated measurement of TSH as recommended in adults. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Function Tests/trends , Thyroid Function Tests/statistics & numerical data , Thyrotropin/blood , Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine/trends , Hyperthyroidism/diagnosis , Hypothyroidism/diagnosis , Unnecessary Procedures
15.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 217-222, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444540

ABSTRACT

El monóxido de carbono es un gas altamente tóxico que se origina principalmente por la combustión incompleta de combustibles fósiles. La intoxicación presenta síntomas inespecíficos que solapan otras patologías y por lo tanto es indispensable la confirmación mediante la medición de la carboxihemoglobina en sangre. El laboratorio incorporó la determinación en el informe del estado ácido base a partir de octubre del 2018, debido a que previamente el médico debía solicitarla frente a la sospecha de una intoxicación. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar si esta medida implementada por el laboratorio contribuyó a mejorar el diagnóstico de intoxicación por CO, analizar las características de los pacientes con COHb mayor o igual a 5% y definir un valor de reporte inmediato para la COHb. El 46% de los casos con COHb mayor o igual a 5% no se relacionaban con una intoxicación y/o exposición a CO. De los casos de intoxicación se encontró que el 77% fueron diagnosticados a partir de la sospecha médica y un 23% por hallazgo del laboratorio. Se concluyó que es de mucha utilidad el rol del laboratorio en detectar aquellos casos que no fueron evidentes clínicamente. Existen ciertas patologías como las oncológicas o la enfermedad de Wilson donde se vieron valores elevados de COHb sin presentar intoxicación y se definió finalmente, como valor de reporte inmediato 7% para la COHb. (AU)


Carbon monoxide is a highly toxic gas that originates mainly from incomplete combustion of fossil fuels. Intoxication causes nonspecific symptoms that overlap with other conditions and, therefore, confirmation by measuring blood carboxyhemoglobin is essential. The laboratory incorporated the measurement in the acid-base status report as of October 2018, as it was previously required to be requested by the physician in case of suspected intoxication. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this measure implemented by the laboratory contributed to the improvement of the diagnosis of CO intoxication, to analyze the characteristics of patients with COHb greater than or equal to 5% and to define an immediate reporting value for COHb. Overall, 46% of the cases with COHb greater than or equal to 5% were not related to CO poisoning and/or exposure. Of the cases of intoxication, 77% were diagnosed based on medical suspicion and 23% on laboratory findings. It was concluded that the laboratory has a useful role in detecting cases that were not clinically evident. There are certain diseases including different types of cancer or Wilson's disease where elevated COHb values were seen without intoxication and finally, 7% for COHb was defined as the immediate reporting value (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Carboxyhemoglobin/analysis , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/diagnosis , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/blood , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Inhalation Exposure/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 136(2): 4-12, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551237

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El shock séptico es la manifestación más grave de sepsis con tasas de letalidad que pueden llegar hasta el 80%. En los últimos años, ha cobrado relevancia la diferencia arteriovenosa de dióxido de carbono, por su implicación teórica en el metabolismo anaerobio y su significado respecto del normal funcionamiento celular. Por lo antes mencionado, creemos necesario realizar un estudio que nos permita establecer la utilidad de la diferencia arteriovenosa de dióxido de carbono en el paciente con shock séptico de la unidad de cuidados intensivos, como medida indirecta de la perfusión tisular y de la utilización de oxígeno por los tejidos, que nos permita establecer un diagnóstico precoz y el pronóstico de los pacientes críticamente enfermos. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Muestra de veintiocho pacientes adultos. Resultados. Como se ha registrado en otras series, la mayor parte de los pacientes afectados por shock séptico, en nuestro estudio, fueron hombres mayores de 65 años, con al menos una comorbilidad, siendo el principal sitio de infección el respiratorio (67,9%), asociado a una alta tasa de mortalidad (67%). Conclusiones. Los pacientes con diferencia arteriovenosa de PCO2 mayor a 6 mmHg tienen un riesgo aumentado de muerte de 3,2 veces. (AU)


Introduction. Septic shock is the most serious manifestation of sepsis with mortality rates that can reach up to 80%. In recent years, the arteriovenous carbon dioxide difference has gained relevance, due to its theoretical implication in anaerobic metabolism and its significance with respect to normal cell function. Due to the aforementioned, we believe it is necessary to carry out a study that allows us to establish the usefulness of the arteriovenous carbon dioxide difference in the patient with septic shock in the intensive care unit as an indirect measure of tissue perfusion and utilization. of oxygen through the tissues, which allows us to establish an early diagnosis and prognosis of critically ill patients. Methods. Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sample of 28 adult patients. Results. As has been reported in other series, most of the patients affected by septic shock in our study were men over 65 years of age, with at least one comorbidity, the main site of infection being respiratory (67.9%), associated with a high mortality rate (67%) Conclusions. Patients with an arteriovenous PCO2 difference greater than 6 mmHg have a 3.2-fold increased risk of death. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Shock, Septic/mortality , Carbon Dioxide/blood , Blood Gas Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 138-142, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515202

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el grupo RhD fetal a través del estudio del gen RHD en ADN fetal que se encuentra libre en plasma de embarazadas RhD negativo. Método: Se analizó la presencia de los genes RHD, SRY y BGLO en ADNfl obtenido de plasma de 51 embarazadas RhD negativo no sensibilizadas, utilizando una qPCR. Los resultados del estudio genético del gen RHD se compararon con el estudio del grupo sanguíneo RhD realizado por método serológico en muestras de sangre de cordón, y los resultados del estudio del gen SRY fueron cotejados con el sexo fetal determinado por ecografía. Se calcularon la sensibilidad, la especificidad, los valores predictivos y la capacidad discriminativa del método estandarizado. Resultados: El gen RHD estaba presente en el 72,5% de las muestras y el gen SRY en el 55,5%, coincidiendo en un 100% con los resultados del grupo RhD detectado en sangre de cordón y con el sexo fetal confirmado por ecografía, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Fue posible deducir el grupo sanguíneo RhD del feto mediante el estudio del ADN fetal que se encuentra libre en el plasma de embarazadas con un método molecular no invasivo desarrollado y validado para este fin. Este test no invasivo puede ser utilizado para tomar la decisión de administrar inmunoglobulina anti-D solo a embarazadas RhD negativo que portan un feto RhD positivo.


Objective: To determine the fetal RhD group through the study of the RHD gene in fetal DNA found free in plasma of RhD negative pregnant women. Method: The presence of the RHD, SRY and BGLO genes in fetal DNA obtained from plasma of 51 non-sensitized RhD negative pregnant women was analyzed using qPCR. The results of the genetic study of the RHD gene were compared with the RhD blood group study performed by serological method in cord blood samples, and the results of the SRY gene study were compared with the fetal sex determined by ultrasound. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and discriminative capacity of the standardized method were calculated. Results: The RHD gene was present in 72.5% of the samples and the SRY gene in 55.5%, coinciding 100% with the results of the RhD group detected in cord blood, and with the fetal sex confirmed by ultrasound, respectively. Conclusions: It was possible to deduce the RhD blood group of the fetus through the study of fetal DNA found free in the plasma of pregnant women with a non-invasive molecular method developed and validated for this purpose. This non-invasive test can be used to make the decision to administer anti-D immunoglobulin only to RhD-negative pregnant women carrying an RhD-positive fetus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics , DNA , Erythroblastosis, Fetal/diagnosis , Erythroblastosis, Fetal/genetics , Phenotype , Prenatal Diagnosis , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Rho(D) Immune Globulin , Genes, sry/genetics , Erythroblastosis, Fetal/blood , Fetal Diseases/diagnosis , Fetal Diseases/genetics , Fetal Diseases/blood , Genotype
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(4): 461-468, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560202

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: For the diagnosis of liver diseases, clinical criteria, biochemical, immunological and histological parameters are included. The autoimmune panel is an immunoblot that contemplates the detection of antibodies against 9 different hepatic antigens, which could guide the diagnosis of these pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the usefulness of the autoimmune panel in the diagnosis of liver diseases. Methods: Observational, descriptive study. All autoimmune panels performed between January 2020 and August 2021 (n = 279) were reviewed, and the ones with positive result selected (n = 101). Clinical records were reviewed, including: clinical, biochemical, immunological and histological characteristics. Diagnosis was determined by clinical suspicion (clinical, biochemical and immunological parameters), only through autoimmune panel, and according to liver biopsy in available cases. RESULTS: 45 patients with complete clinical history were included in the analysis; 82% women, median age 58 years (16-79). Clinical suspicions included autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in 12 patients (27%), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in 10 patients (22%), overlap syndrome (AIH/PBC) in 17 (38%), and others in 6 (13%). The diagnosis of PBC was confirmed by autoimmune panel in 9/10 and 11/17 patients with clinical suspicion of PBC and HAI/PBC, respectively. Of the 27 patients with initial clinical suspicion of PBC, 14 had negative AMA and AMA-M2 (6 had Sp100 and 5 gp210 as the only markers and 3 had positive Sp100 and PML). In 10/14 patients, the diagnosis was confirmed by panel and/or compatible liver biopsy. CONCLUSION: The autoimmune panel turns out to be a useful diagnostic tool for liver diseases, especially PBC in isolation or in overlap syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Autoantibodies/blood , Immunoblotting/methods , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/immunology , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/blood , Liver Diseases/diagnosis , Liver Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/immunology , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary/blood
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(4): 469-477, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560203

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have shown that low vitamin D levels constitute a potential risk factor for the development of cognitive impairment. The present study aimed to investigate the association between vitamin D levels and the suspicion of cognitive impairment in Chilean older adults. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional study, including 1,287 participants ≥ 65 years (56.8% were women, age range 65 to 97 years) from the Chilean National Health Survey. Cognitive impairment was assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Participants were classified into three groups according to their vitamin D levels (> 29 ng/ml sufficient, 12-29 ng/ml deficit, and < 12 ng/ml severe deficit). The association between vitamin D levels and cognitive impairment was explored using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for confounding factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of vitamin D deficit and vitamin D severe deficit was 37.7% and 21.0%, respectively. Compared to older adults with sufficient levels of vitamin D, those with severe deficits had a 94% (OR: 1.94 [95% IC: 1.27; 1.66], p = 0.002) higher odds of cognitive impairment (unadjusted model). Adjusting according to sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, adiposity, sunlight exposure, and multimorbidity slightly attenuated the association to 61% (OR: 1.61 [95%IC: 1.03; 2.19], p = 0.046), but remain significant. CONCLUSION: A severe deficit of vitamin D was associated with higher odds of cognitive impairment in Chilean older adults independent of major confounding factors. Future studies are needed to provide causal evidence between vitamin D and the suspicion of cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/blood , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Vitamin D/blood , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Sociodemographic Factors
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(4): 412-419, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560192

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The distribution of causes of hyperferritinemia in international series is heterogeneous. Also, the association between ferritin and prognosis is controversial. This study aims to describe the diagnosis associated with hyperferritinemia in a retrospective cohort at an academic healthcare network in Chile. METHODS: A retrospective review of adult patients admitted to our academic medical center from June 2014 to February 2017 with ferritin ≥3,000 ng/mL. All patients were classified into nine diagnostic categories. Then, the association between ferritin level and disease category, as well as mortality, was evaluated. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patients were identified. The mean age was 50.8 ± 19.9 years, 54.5% were men. The most frequent categories were "inflammatory and autoimmune diseases" (21.2%) and "hematological malignancies" (19.2%). The average ferritin was 10,539 ± 13,016.9 ng/mL, while the higher mean was 16,707 ng/mL in the "inflammatory and autoimmune diseases" category. There was a statistically significant association between the ferritin value and age but not between ferritin and diagnostic categories. In the group over 50, hematologic neoplasms (19%) and infections (19%) were more frequent. In those under 50, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases were more frequent (26.8%). There was no association between the ferritin level and mortality at 1, 3, and 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent categories were "inflammatory and autoimmune diseases" and "hematological malignancies", but ferritin level was similar in both. Further research could validate a prognostic role.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ferritins/blood , Hyperferritinemia/blood , Prognosis , Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Academic Medical Centers/statistics & numerical data
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