Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 70.212
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 248-256, Agosto 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371822

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El seno dérmico cefálico es un tractotubular formado por una separación incompleta entre el ectodermo neural y el ectodermo epitelial;puede tener complicaciones infecciosas. Existen reportes aislados de esta patología. Objetivo: describir una serie de pacientescon seno dérmico craneal, las formas depresentación, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Población y métodos. Estudio observacionaldescriptivo de una serie de pacientes pediátricos con seno dérmico cefálico atendidos en unhospital pediátrico de nivel III entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados. se incluyeron 18 pacientes. La clínicade presentación fue, en 12 casos, una lesión puntual en el cuero cabelludo, hipertensiónendocraneana en 4 casos, ataxia en 1 caso y lesión puntual con fístula en 1 caso. La mitad presentó síntomas de infección. La localización fue en la línea media sobre el hueso occipital en 13 casos, en la línea media sobre el hueso frontal en 3 casos y en la línea media interparietal en 2 casos. En 5 casos se encontró asociada una imagen extracraneana y, en 11 casos, una complicación intracraneana. Ningún paciente presentó recidiva de la lesión y en todos se realizó un solo procedimiento quirúrgico. Conclusiones. Los senos dérmicos en esta serie se presentaron como lesiones puntuales en cuerocabelludo. La localización más frecuente fue a nivel occipital sobre línea media y, en más de la mitad, atravesaba el hueso. El tratamiento de elección fue la exéresis completa del seno dérmicoy las lesiones asociadas. Ante la presencia de senos dérmicos sintomáticos o asociados alesiones intracraneanas, la cirugía se realizó de urgencia.


Introduction. A cranial dermal sinus is a tubular tract resulting from the incomplete separation of the epithelial ectoderm from the neuroectoderm which may lead to infectious complicationsThere have been isolated reports of this condition. Objective. To describe a series of patients with cranial dermal sinus, its presentation, diagnosis, management, and complications. Population and methods. Observational,descriptive study of a series of pediatric patients with cranial dermal sinus treated at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2014 and 2019. Results. A total of 18 patients were included. Theclinical presentation was a specific lesion on the scalp in 12 cases, intracranial hypertension in 4, ataxia in 1, and a specific lesion with fistula tract in 1. Half of patients had symptoms of infection. The lesion was located in the midline of the occipital bone in 13 cases; in the midline of the frontal bone in 3 cases; and in the interparietal midline in 2 cases. The dermal sinus was associated with anextracranial image in 5 cases and an intracranial complication in 11 cases. No patient hadrecurrence and only one surgery was performed in all of them. Conclusions. In this series, dermal sinusespresented as specific lesions on the scalp. The most common site was the occipital midline, and more than 50% of these extended through the bone. The treatment of choice was complete resection of dermal sinus and associated lesions. An emergency surgery was performed when the dermal sinus was symptomatic or associated with intracranial lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Spina Bifida Occulta/surgery , Spina Bifida Occulta/complications , Spina Bifida Occulta/diagnosis , Tertiary Healthcare , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hospitals
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e171-e174, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378563

ABSTRACT

La atresia de coanas se caracteriza por la obliteración de la abertura nasal posterior. Es la anomalía congénita más frecuente de las fosas nasales. Tiene una incidencia de 1 cada 5000 a 7000 neonatos, con predominio en el sexo femenino. Puede presentarse en forma aislada o asociada a otros síndromes como el CHARGE (coloboma [C], malformaciones cardíacas [H], atresia de coanas [A], retraso psicomotor y/o en el crecimiento [R], hipoplasia de genitales [G], malformaciones auriculares y/o sordera [E, por su sigla en inglés]). Las manifestaciones clínicas son la obstrucción nasal, cianosis y dificultad respiratoria desde el nacimiento cuando es bilateral. Las atresias unilaterales se caracterizan por insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal y rinorrea unilateral, y pueden pasar inadvertidas. El diagnóstico se realiza mediante endoscopia y estudios por imágenes. El tratamiento es quirúrgico; existen diferentes técnicas y vías de abordaje. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 7 años con atresia unilateral de coana derecha con resolución microendoscópica, colocación de tutor externo, con buena resolución.


Choanal atresia is characterized by obliteration of the posterior nasal opening. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the nasal passages. It has an incidence of 1 in 5000 to 7000 newborns; predominantly female. It can occur in isolation or in association with other syndromes such as CHARGE (coloboma [C], cardiac malformations [H], choanal atresia [A], psychomotor and/or growth retardation [R], genital hypoplasia [G], atrial malformations and/or deafness [E]. Clinicallypresents nasal obstruction, cyanosis and respiratory distress from birth when bilateral, unilateral atresias are characterized by nasal ventilatory insufficiency and unilateral rhinorrhea, which may go unnoticed. Diagnosis is made by endoscopy and imaging tests. Treatment is surgical, with different techniques and approaches.A 7-year-old male patient is presented with unilateral atresia of the right choana with microendoscopic resolution, placement of an external tutor, with good resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Coloboma , Choanal Atresia/surgery , Choanal Atresia/complications , Choanal Atresia/diagnosis , Nasopharynx , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e175-e178, Agosto 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378571

ABSTRACT

Bartonella henselae es el agente etiológico de la enfermedad por arañazo de gato. Típicamente, se presenta como una linfadenopatía regional autolimitada y, con menor frecuencia, con compromiso sistémico y manifestaciones extraganglionares: hígado, bazo, hueso y ojo, entre otros. Se presenta un caso de enfermedad por arañazo de gato atípica en un paciente pediátrico inmunocompetente, en la que se evidenció compromiso meníngeo y ocular, este último como neurorretinitis. Se destaca la importancia de la búsqueda activa de complicaciones oculares en pacientes con compromiso sistémico por Bartonella henselae, que implica un cambio en el tratamiento y pronóstico de la enfermedad


Bartonella henselae is the etiologic agent of cat scratch disease. It typically presents as a self-limited regional lymphadenopathy and less frequently with systemic involvement and extranodal manifestations: liver, spleen, bone, eye, among others. A case of atypical cat scratch disease is presented in an immunocompetent pediatric patient, in which meningeal and ocular involvement was evidenced, the latter manifested as neuroretinitis. The importance of the active search for ocular complications in patients with systemic involvement by Bartonella henselae is highlighted, implying a change in the treatment and prognosis of the disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Retinitis/complications , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e179-e182, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378575

ABSTRACT

La taquicardia supraventricular (TSV) es la principal taquiarritmia en el recién nacido (RN) que requiere una resolución urgente. Por su parte, la enterocolitis necrosante (ECN) es la emergencia gastrointestinal más común que afecta principalmente a RN prematuros. Aunque estas se reconocen como patologías distintas, la bibliografía sugiere que los episodios de TSV pueden predisponer a los pacientes a la ECN a través de alteraciones en el flujo sanguíneo mesentérico y una disminución de la perfusión tisular. Se presenta aquí el caso clínico de un neonato prematuro que desarrolló un cuadro de ECN luego de un evento aislado de TSV con bajo gasto cardíaco


Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the main tachyarrhythmia in the newborn (NB) that requires urgent resolution. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency that mainly affects premature infants. Although these conditions are recognized as distinct pathologies, literature reports suggest that episodes of SVT may predispose patients to NEC secondary to disturbances in mesenteric blood flow and a decrease in tissue perfusion. We present here the clinical case of a premature neonate who developed NEC after an isolated SVT event with low cardiac output


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/diagnosis , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/complications , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature, Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Fetal Diseases
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e183-e186, Agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1379148

ABSTRACT

Las encefalitis son cuadros clínicos frecuentes en la edad pediátrica. Pueden dividirse en aquellas causadas por la infección del sistema nervioso central y en las de etiología inmunomediada (algunas de las cuales pueden ser para- o posinfecciosas). En marzo de 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró la pandemia por el coronavirus de tipo 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-CoV-2, por su sigla en inglés). Los reportes pediátricos de enfermedad por dicho agente describen una amplia gama de manifestaciones clínicas: compromiso respiratorio, gastrointestinal, síntomas neurológicos, entre otros; y el síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico asociado a COVID-19 (SIM-C). Describimos el caso de un niño de 2 años con diagnóstico de encefalitis por anticuerpos antirreceptor N-metil-d-aspartato (anti-NMDAR), en quien se comprobó, mediante serología, una infección reciente por SARS-CoV-2. La presencia de marcadores serológicos positivos para SARS-CoV-2 en un paciente que presentó encefalitis por anticuerpos anti-NMDAR podría interpretarse como una asociación temporal, estableciéndose la posibilidad de que el virus haya actuado como gatillo de una enfermedad autoinmunitaria.


Encephalitis are frequent clinical pictures in pediatric age. They can be divided into those caused by infection of the central nervous system and those of immune-mediated etiology (some of which may be para- or post-infectious). In March 2020, the WHO declared a SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Pediatric reports of disease caused by this agent describe a wide range of clinical manifestations: respiratory and gastrointestinal compromise, neurological symptoms, among others; and a multisystemic inflammatory syndrome in children associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C).We describe the case of a 2-year-old boy with a diagnosis of anti-NMDAR antibody encephalitis, in whom a recent SARSCoV-2 infection was serologically proven. The presence of positive serological markers for SARS-CoV-2 in a patient who presented encephalitis due to anti-NMDAR antibodies could be interpreted as a temporal association; establishing the possibility that the virus has acted as a trigger for an autoimmune disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Encephalitis/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e133-e136, junio 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368481

ABSTRACT

El complejo ring-sling es una asociación entre el sling de la arteria pulmonar y la estenosis traqueal congénita por anillos traqueales completos. El sling de la arteria pulmonar es una forma rara de anillo vascular dentro de las cardiopatías congénitas. Se presenta el caso clínico de un niño con estridor laríngeo asociado a dificultad respiratoria evaluado en otro centro, donde se realizó endoscopia respiratoria y se observó compresión traqueal extrínseca. Ante la sospecha clínica de anillo vascular, se solicitó angiotomografía computada (angioTC) y se confirmó diagnóstico de sling de arteria pulmonar. Fue derivado a nuestro hospital y durante la intervención quirúrgica se realizó nueva endoscopia respiratoria y traqueobroncografía. Se llegó al diagnóstico de estenosis traqueal congénita con bronquio derecho accesorio (pig bronchus) y anillos vasculares completos, ambos reparados en el mismo acto quirúrgico.


The ring-sling complex is an association between pulmonary artery sling and congenital tracheal stenosis. Pulmonary artery sling is a rare form of vascular ring in congenital heart disease. The clinical case of a child with inspiratory laryngeal stridor associated with respiratory distress is presented, evaluated in another center where respiratory endoscopy was performed, observing extrinsic tracheal compression. Given the clinical suspicion of a vascular ring, CT angiography was requested, confirming the diagnosis of pulmonary artery sling. He was referred to our hospital and during the surgical intervention a new respiratory endoscopy and tracheobronchography were performed, reaching the diagnosis of congenital tracheal stenosis, right accessory bronchus (pig bronchus) and complete vascular rings, both repaired in the same surgical act.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Tracheal Diseases , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/diagnosis , Bronchial Diseases/surgery , Vascular Malformations/complications , Vascular Ring/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Trachea/abnormalities , Bronchi/abnormalities , Bronchi/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e147-e150, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370740

ABSTRACT

El síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico en niños y adolescentes relacionado temporalmente con la COVID-19 (SIM-C) es una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría, que emerge en relación con la pandemia por el coronavirus de tipo 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-CoV-2) y fue descripto por primera vez en mayo de 2020. Debido al escaso tiempo de evolución de esta enfermedad, hay aspectos sobre su fisiopatología, pronóstico y posibilidad de recurrencia, que aún se desconocen. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de 12 años que cursó un cuadro compatible con SIM-C en enero de 2021, con buena evolución clínica posterior. Luego presentó una reinfección por SARS-CoV-2 a los 5 meses de la infección inicial (junio de 2021), con síntomas leves y sin recurrencia del SIM-C.


The multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children temporally related to COVID-19 (MIS-C) is a rare disease in pediatrics, which emerges related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and was initially described in May 2020. Given the short time of evolution of this disease, little is known about the pathophysiology, prognosis, and the possibility of recurrence. We present a clinical case of a 12-year-old patient who presented symptoms compatible with MIS-C in January 2021, with good subsequent clinical evolution. He developed reinfection by SARS-CoV-2 at five months later (June 2021), with mild symptoms and without recurrence of MIS-C


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Pandemics , Reinfection
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 400-409, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375644

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Due to the growing concern about work-related social and health aspects, occupational health and safety has become relevant. Objective: This work aims to develop a model to assist cardiovascular risk management in a team of haul truck operators, who work in rotating shifts at a mining company in Brazil. Methods: This longitudinal study evaluated risk factors for cardiovascular diseases of 191 mineworkers at three times points - 2010, 2012, and 2015. In addition, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases was calculated, and the risk factors were analyzed using the chi-square test, the U Mann-Whitney test, and binary logistic regression. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: In the study period, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides levels of the study group increased. In 2015, there was a high prevalence of alcohol intake, overweight or obesity, central obesity, inadequate WHR, high blood pressure, total cholesterol above 190 mg/dL, and triglycerides above 150 mg/dL. An association was identified between increased cardiovascular risk and age, SBP, HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and elevated glucose levels. Conclusion: Intense interventions for reduction and prevention of elevated alcohol intake, blood pressure levels, WHR, metabolic syndrome, blood glucose, and LDL-C levels, and low HDL-C levels are needed. In addition, a close monitoring of mine workers over 38 years of age who smoke, consume alcoholic beverages, and have altered blood glucose levels is important.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Occupational Health , Miners , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Longitudinal Studies , Metabolic Syndrome , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Shift Work Schedule , Hypercholesterolemia
9.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 329-339, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Right ventricular dysfunction is a major complication in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and, despite its prognostic implications, is rarely considered in routine clinical analysis. Objectives: To compare RV function variables with standard and advanced echocardiographic techniques in patients with stable COPD and controls. Methods: Twenty COPD patients classified as GOLD ≥ II (13 men aged 68.4 ± 8.3 years) and 20 matched controls were compared. Myocardial strain/strain rate indices were obtained by tissue Doppler and two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. Right ventricular ejection fraction was obtained with three-dimensional software. Free wall myocardial thickness (FWMT) and tricuspid annular systolic excursion (TAPSE) were also measured. Numerical variables were compared between groups with Student's t-test or the Mann-Whitney test. Associations between categorical variables were determined with Fisher's exact test. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: All myocardial deformation indices, particularly global longitudinal strain (-17.2 ± 4.4 vs -21.2: ± 4.4 = 0.001) and 3D right ventricular ejection fraction (40.8 ± 9.3% vs 51.1 ± 6.4% p <0.001) were reduced in COPD patients. These patients presented higher right ventricular FWMT and lower TAPSE values than controls. Conclusion: Myocardial deformation indices, either tissue Doppler or speckle tracking echocardiography and 3D right ventricular ejection fraction, are robust markers of right ventricular dysfunction in patients with stable COPD. Assessing global longitudinal strain by speckle tracking echocardiography is a more practical and reproducible method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Myocardium
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 410-418, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375650

ABSTRACT

Abstract An acute respiratory syndrome caused by SARS-CoV2 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Current data in the world and in Brazil show that approximately 40% of patients who died have some type of cardiac comorbidity. There are also robust reports showing an increase in IL-6 / IL-1B / TNF-alpha and the presence of lymphopenia in patients with COVID-19. Our team and others have shown that increased cytokines are the link between arrhythmias/Left ventricular dysfunction and the immune system in different diseases. In addition, it has been well demonstrated that lymphopenia can not only be a good marker, but also a factor that causes heart failure. Thus, the present review focused on the role of the immune system upon the cardiac alterations observed in the SARS-CoV2 infection. Additionally, it was well described that SARS-CoV-2 is able to infect cardiac cells. Therefore, here it will be reviewed in deep.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , COVID-19/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Myocardium/immunology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Cytokines , Cytokines/immunology , Coronavirus/pathogenicity , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Heart Failure/complications , Lymphopenia/complications
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(2): 84-86, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1378739

ABSTRACT

La alopecia frontal fibrosante es una alopecia cicatricial que se caracteriza por la recesión de la línea de implantación frontotemporal que afecta principalmente a mujeres caucásicas en edad posmenopáusica y rara vez a hombres. Actualmente los mecanismos específicos de desarrollo continúan en estudio; sin embargo hay varias hipótesis sobre la asociación de la alopecia frontal fibrosante con otros trastornos autoinmunitarios. Se comunica el caso de un paciente masculino de 58 años con alopecia frontal fibrosante en áreas comprometidas por vitiligo. (AU)


Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a cicatricial alopecic characterized by progressive regression of the frontotemporal hairline. It usually affects postmenopausal caucasian women, and rarely men. Currently the specific mechanisms of development remain unknown, however there are several hypotheses about the association of frontal fibrosing alopecia with other autoimmune disorders. The case of a 58-year-old male patient with frontal fibrosing alopecia in areas affected by vitiligo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vitiligo/complications , Alopecia/complications , Alopecia/diagnosis , Alopecia/drug therapy , Vitiligo/pathology , Clobetasol/administration & dosage , Tacrolimus/administration & dosage , Alopecia/pathology , Dutasteride/administration & dosage
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 406-411, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377398

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Frailty is consensually understood to be a clinical syndrome in which minimal stressors can lead to negative outcomes such as hospitalization, early institutionalization, falls, functional loss and death. Frailty is more prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those on dialysis are the frailest. Depression contributes towards putting patients with CKD into the frailty cycle. OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty and its relationship with depression among patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted in a renal therapy unit, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This investigation took place in 2019, among 80 patients. The following instruments were applied: a sociodemographic, economic and health condition characterization and the Subjective Frailty Assessment (SFA) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: Among the patients, there was higher prevalence of females, individuals with a steady partner and retirees, and their mean age was 59.63 (± 15.14) years. There was high prevalence of physical frailty (73.8%) and depression (93.7%). Depression was associated with frailty, such that patients with depression were 9.8 times more likely to be frail than were patients without depression (odds ratio, OR = 9.80; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.93-49.79). CONCLUSION: Based on the proposed objective and the results achieved, it can be concluded that depression was associated with the presence of frailty among patients with CKD on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Frailty/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Renal Dialysis , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Middle Aged
16.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 95-102, 20220520. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379469

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Kocher Debré Semelaigne (SKDS) se describe dentro de las formas clínicas atípicas asociadas al hipotiroidismo congénito (HC) severo, no tratado y de larga evolución, con manifestaciones de pseudohipertrofia muscular difusa y debilidad muscular predominantemente proximal, reversible al reemplazo con tiroxina. Es raro en países con programas de pesquisa neonatal. Objetivo: reportar el caso de un niño con diagnóstico de HC por disembriogenesis (atireosis), que se mantuvo con mal control de la enfermedad durante el primer año de vida y manifestaciones miopáticas desde la etapa neonatal. Resultados: se confirma el diagnóstico a través de estudios específicos, con evidencias de patrones miopáticos característicos. Se logra regresión clínica parcial a los nueve meses de mantener estabilidad de la TSH y las hormonas tiroideas (HT), coincidiendo con la normalización de la enzima de músculo creatinfosfoquinasa (CPK). A los 12 años de seguimiento, mantenía ligera hipertrofia de la musculatura de las extremidades superiores, dorsales y glúteos, a pesar de mantenerse eutiroideo. Conclusiones: la presencia de hipertrofia muscular debe considerarse un dato clínico de sospecha de hipotiroidismo, aun con la implementación de los programas de pesquisa neonatal. Es posible la regresión parcial de la pseudohipertrofia muscular con el restablecimiento de la función tiroidea. Se debe tomar en cuenta en el diagnóstico diferencial de otras miopatías primarias


Kocher-Debré-Semelaigne Syndrome (SKDS) is described within the atypical clinical forms associated with severe, untreated and long-standing congenital hypothyroidism with manifestations of diffuse muscle pseudohypertrophy and predominantly proximal muscle weakness, reversible to replacement with levothyroxine. objective: To report the case of a child with congenital hypothyroidism due to disembriogenesis (atyreosis), who remained with poor control of the disease during the 1st year of life and myopathic manifestations from de neonatal stage. Results: The diagnosis is confirmed through specific studies, with evidence of characteristic myopathic patterns. Partial clinical regression is achieved 9 months after maintaining stability of TSH and thyroid hormones, coinciding with the normalization of the muscle enzyme creatine phosphokinase (CPK). At 12 years of follow-up, he maintained slight hypertrophy of the muscle of the upper extremities, dorsal and buttocks, despite remaining euthyroid. Conclusions: The presence of muscular hypertrophy should be considered a clinical finding of suspected hypothyroidism, even with the implementation of neonatal screening programs. Partial regression of muscle pseudohypertrophy is possible with restoration of thyroid function, and should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of other primary myopathies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Hypothyroidism/complications , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/complications
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 212-219, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364948

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Despite the neuroanatomy knowledge of the prostate described initially in the 1980's and the robotic surgery advantages in terms of operative view magnification, potency outcomes following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy still challenge surgeons and patients due to its multifactorial etiology. Recent studies performed in our center have described that, in addition to the surgical technique, some important factors are associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). These include preoperative Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score, age, preoperative Gleason score, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). After performing 15,000 cases, in this article we described our current Robotic-assisted Radical Prostatectomy technique with details and considerations regarding the optimal approach to neurovascular bundle preservation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/prevention & control , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 336-346, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364946

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: To analyze the incidence of epididymal anomalies (EAs) associated to spermatic obstruction in patients with undescended testis (UT) according to testicular position and age. Materials and Methods: We studied 87 patients (110 testis) with cryptorchidism and analyzed the presence of EAs correlated with the testicular position, age and patency of the processus vaginalis (PV). To analyze the relations between the testis and epididymis we considered three situations: (a) Normal pattern: the epididymis was attached to the testis at the head and tail and epididymis totally attached to the testis; (b) EAs: when the epididymis was attached to the testis only at the head (Figure-1A) and (c) EAs associated to spermatic obstruction: epididymis was attached to the testis only at the tail (Figure-1B) and when there are no visible connection between testis and epididymis (Figure-1C). We used the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and the Chi-square test for contingency analysis (p <0.05). Results: The mean age of the patients was 5.18 years (SD=2.867). Of 110 testes analyzed, 14 were abdominal (12.72%); 83 inguinal (75.45%) and 13 suprascrotal (11.81%). Normal relationships between testis and epididymis were observed in 54 patients (62.1%) with no significant differences in relation to the patient's age (p=0.666). Epididymal tail disjunction was observed in 23 patients (26.44%), with no significant differences in relation to age (p=0.59). EAs associated to spermatic obstruction were observed in 16 patients (18.4%), also with no significant differences in relation to age (p=0.684). We did not observe significant correlation between the testis position and the incidence of EAs (p=0.119). We did not observe significant correlations between patency of the PV (64.7%) and incidence of EAs (p=0.742). Conclusions: Epididymal anomalies associated with spermatic obstruction are present in almost 20% of undescended testes, without significant correlation with age, testicular position and patency of the PV. This information needs to be correlated to the infertility risk of this congenital anomaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Cryptorchidism/complications , Testis/abnormalities , Incidence , Epididymis/abnormalities , Inguinal Canal
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL