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1.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 25(43): 74-80, jun.2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, UNISALUD, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1561376

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Técnica de Ambato sobre sepsis quirúrgica. Material y método: La presente investigación tiene un diseño de desarrollo observacional, de tipo descriptivo, cohorte transversal, con un enfoque cuantitativo, ya que el nivel de cono-cimiento se verá representado mediante tablas y gráficos para des-cribir la problemática del periodo octubre 2023 febrero 2024. Re-sultados: Se evidencia un alto porcentaje de respuestas incorrectas por cada ítem por parte de los estudiantes. La categoría Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Definición de Sepsis, fue respondida de ma-nera incorrecta con un porcentaje del 83,9%, la categoría Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Diagnóstico de Sepsis obtuvo 51,7% y, por úl-timo, la Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Tratamiento de Sepsis con el 29,2%. Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes sobre Sepsis Quirúrgica es malo, debido a que existe una subesti-mación de la gravedad de la sepsis como afección potencialmente mortal, lo que puede traer un impacto negativo en los pacientes[AU]


Objective: Determine the level of knowledge of nursing students at the Technical University of Ambato about surgical sepsis. Mate-rials and methods: This research has an observational, descriptive, transversal development design, with a quantitative approach since the level of knowledge will be represented through tables and gra-phs to describe the problems of the period October 2023-February 2024. Results: A high percentage of incorrect answers for each item by the students is evident. The category Level of Knowledge about Definition of Sepsis was answered incorrectly with a percentage of 83.9%, the category Level of Knowledge about Diagnosis of Sepsis obtained 51.7% and, finally, the category Level of Knowledge about Treatment of Sepsis. Sepsis with 29.2%. Conclusions: The level of knowledge of students about Surgical Sepsis is poor because there is an underestimation of the severity of sepsis as a potentially fatal condition, which can have a negative impact on patients[AU]


Objetivo: Determinar o nível de conhecimento dos estudantes de enfermagem da Universidade Técnica de Ambato sobre sepse ci-rúrgica. Material e método: Esta pesquisa possui desenho de coor-te observacional, descritivo, transversal, com abordagem quantita-tiva, uma vez que o nível de conhecimento será representado por meio de tabelas e gráficos para descrever o problema no período de outubro de 2023 a fevereiro de 2024. Resultados: Uma parada. É evidente o percentual de respostas incorretas para cada item por parte dos alunos. A categoria Nível de Conhecimento sobre Defi-nição de Sepse foi respondida incorretamente com percentual de 83,9%, a categoria Nível de Conhecimento sobre Diagnóstico de Sepse obteve 51,7% e por fim, a categoria Nível de Conhecimen-to sobre Tratamento de Sepse com 29,2%. Conclusões: O nível de conhecimento dos estudantes sobre a Sepse Cirúrgica é baixo, pois há uma subestimação da gravidade da sepse como uma condição potencialmente fatal, que pode ter um impacto negativo nos pa-cientes[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/diagnosis , Ecuador
2.
Goiânia; SES-GO; jul 2024. 20 p. quad, map, fig.(Boletim epidemiológico: monitoramento dos casos de arboviroses em Goiás, 3, 5).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1561817

ABSTRACT

As arboviroses transmitidas pelo mosquito Aedes aegypt são um dos principais problemas de saúde pública no Estado de Goiás. O boletim epidemiológico das arboiross tem o objetivo de apresentar a situação epidemiológica dos casos no estado, utilizando como fonte de dados os registros de casos suspeitos e confirmados ocorridos nos últimos anos, disponíveis no SINan Online e SINAN Net também são apresentados dados relativos à síndrome congênita associada à infecção peli Zika vírus, disponíveis no Sistema de Registro de Eventos em Saúde Pública (RESP) - Microcefalias


Arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes aegypt mosquito are one of the main public health problems in the State of Goiás. The arboiross epidemiological bulletin aims to present the epidemiological situation of cases in the state, using records of suspected and confirmed cases as a data source. occurred in recent years, available on SINan Online and SINAN Net, data relating to congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection, available on the Public Health Event Registration System (RESP) - Microcephaly, is also presented


Subject(s)
Humans , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Arbovirus Infections/diagnosis , Arbovirus Infections/drug therapy , Dengue/mortality , Dengue/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 169-176, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556161

ABSTRACT

El tumor de células gigantes (TCG) constituye un tumor óseo benigno relativamente frecuente. Se caracteriza por ser localmente agresivo y el lugar de presentación más frecuente es a nivel del esqueleto axial (fémur distal o tibia proximal). Hasta la actualidad, existen escasos informes de presentaciones atípicas, como a nivel del esternón. En este informe, se presenta el caso de una paciente mujer de 24 años que presenta tumoración indurada a nivel de la región esternal de crecimiento progresivo asociado a dolor. Los hallazgos radiológicos revelan tumoración osteolítica que tiene como origen el cuerpo del esternón y lo compromete casi en su totalidad. Este se proyecta hacia las partes blandas y llega al plano superficial. Debido a la extensión de la enfermedad y al compromiso extenso en el cuerpo del esternón, se realiza la resección del cuerpo y manubrio esternal. El defecto es reconstruido con malla de polipropileno, barras de titanio, parche de epiplón y autoinjerto de piel; se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la caja torácica y resultados estéticos favorables. El caso tiene un adecuado manejo oncológico puesto que la resección es completa con márgenes microscópicos libres (resección R0).


Giant cell tumor (GCT) constitutes a relatively common benign bone tumor, characteri-zed by its local aggressiveness. The most frequent site of occurrence is in the axial ske-leton (distal femur or proximal tibia). To date, there have been few reports of atypical presentations, such as at the level of the sternum. In this report, we present the case of a 24-year-old female patient who presented with an indurated mass in the sternal region, progressively growing and associated with pain. Radiological findings revealed an osteolytic mass originating from the body of the sternum, involving almost its entire extent and projecting into the soft tissues, reaching the superficial plane. Due to the extent of the disease and the extensive involvement of the sternal body, resection of the body and manubrium of the sternum was performed. The surgical defect was reconstructed with polypropylene mesh, titanium bars, an omental patch and a skin graft, achieving adequate stability of the thoracic cage and favorable cosmetic results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Polypropylenes , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/surgery , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Peru , Prostheses and Implants , Sternum/surgery , Transplantation, Autologous , Biopsy , Tomography , Diagnosis, Differential
4.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 177-182, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556164

ABSTRACT

La bronquitis plástica es una enfermedad infrecuente y poco estudiada. Se caracteriza por la obstrucción parcial o total de la vía aérea inferior por moldes o yesos gomosos y firmes, compuestos por múltiples sustancias como fibrina, mucina y otros, que se acumulan en la luz bronquial. En la actualidad, no hay un consenso de la fisiopatología real. Puede presentarse con síntomas leves como tos, sibilancias y disnea, hasta eventos fatales de insuficiencia respiratoria. Se clasifican en tipo I (inflamatorios) y tipo II (acelulares). La presencia de la bronquitis plástica es una complicación de varias enfermedades y está relacionada con procedimientos correctivos de cardiopatías congénitas (procedimiento de Fontan). El diagnóstico se hace a través de la identificación de los yesos bronquiales, ya sea cuando el paciente los expectora o por broncoscopía. Se han utilizado múltiples terapias que solo tienen evidencias anecdóticas. En los últimos años se han observado buenos resultados con el uso de heparinas, así como el alteplasa nebulizado e instilado por broncoscopia.


Plastic bronchitis is a rare and little-studied disease. It is characterized by partial or total obstruction of the lower airway by rubbery and firm molds or plasters, made up of multiple substances that accumulate in the bronchial lumen. Currently, there is no consensus on real pathophysiology. It can present itself with mild symptoms such as cough, wheezing and dyspnea, to fatal events of respiratory failure. They are classified into type I (inflammatory) and type II (acellular). The presence of plastic bronchitis is a complication of several diseases and in corrective procedures for congenital heart disease (Fontan procedure). Diagnosis is made by identifying bronchial casts, either by the patient expectorating them or by bronchoscopy. Multiple therapies have been used that only have anecdotal evidence. In recent years, good results have been observed with the use of heparins and tPA nebulized and instilled by bronchoscop.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bronchitis/diagnosis , Bronchoscopy , Fontan Procedure , Pneumonia , Respiratory Insufficiency , Shock, Septic , Fibrin , Tracheostomy , Respiratory Sounds , Cough , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Dyspnea
5.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 183-192, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556174

ABSTRACT

Se presenta a un paciente con liposarcoma mediastinal gigante con dolor torácico, disnea, cuyos estudios por imágenes revelaban la presencia de una gran tumoración de 42 cm en su diámetro mayor que abarcaba todo el mediastino, comprometía ambas cavidades torácicas, rechazaba los pulmones, corazón y grandes vasos. La biopsia con aguja cortante bajo guía ecográfica fue informada como liposarcoma. El paciente tuvo resección completa del tumor mediante la incisión Clamshell. En el post operatorio inmediato, presentó shock circulatorio más disfunción multiorgánica (DOMS): plaquetopenia, insuficiencia renal aguda con necesidad de soporte dialítico, injuria hepática. El soporte y monitoreo especializado en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) permitió mejoría clínica y buena evolución. Salió de alta en buenas condiciones.


We present a patient with giant mediastinal liposarcoma with chest pain, dyspnea, whose imaging studies revealed the presence of a large tumor measuring 42 cm in its greatest diameter that covered the entire mediastinum, involved both thoracic cavities, rejected the lungs, heart and big glasses. The sharp needle biopsy under ultrasound guidance was reported as liposarcoma. The patient had complete resection of the tumor through the Clamshell incision. In the immediate postoperative period, he presented circulatory shock plus multiple organ dysfunction (DOMS): plateletopenia, acute renal failure with the need for dialytic support, liver injury. Specialized support and monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) allowed clinical improvement and good evolution. He was discharged in good condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracotomy , Liposarcoma/surgery , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Shock , Chest Pain , Tomography , Cough , Critical Care , Drug Therapy , Dyspnea , Image-Guided Biopsy , Multiple Organ Failure/surgery
6.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 193-197, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556266

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La tuberculosis (TB) extrapulmonar es la afectación de cualquier órgano, sin compromiso pulmonar demostrado, como consecuencia de la diseminación hematógena/linfática del bacilo de Koch. Presentación de caso: Paciente en puerperio inmediato cursando cuadro clínico de gonalgia que se estudió con resonancia magnética que mostró lesión endomedular en región distal del fémur izquierdo. Se estudió con tomografía de tórax, abdomen y pelvis que evidenciaron otras lesiones a nivel esplénico, sin compromiso hepático ni pulmonar. Se realizó punción diagnóstica femoral con evidencia de granulomas con necrosis central. Se interpretó tuberculosis extrapulmonar y se inició tratamiento antifímico con mejora sintomática. Discusión: La TB extrapulmonar puede impactar a nivel de pleura, ganglios linfáticos, vías urinarias, sistema osteoarticular, sistema nervioso central y abdomen. En el embarazo, la prevalencia de TB extrapulmonar es baja. Conclusión: La TB femoral y esplénica concomitante en pacientes embarazadas es un hallazgo infrecuente por lo que su análisis resulta de gran importancia. Arribar al diagnóstico requiere un elevado índice de sospecha. El retraso diagnóstico conlleva a un aumento de la morbimortalidad


Introduction: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is the involvement of any organ, without demonstrated pulmonary involvement, as a consequence of the hematogenous/lymphatic dissemination of the Koch bacillus. Case presentation: Patient in the immediate postpartum period with clinical symptoms of gonalgia that was studied with magnetic resonance imaging showing intramedullary lesion in the distal region of the left femur. A CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis showed other lesions at the splenic level, without liver or lung involvement. A femoral diagnostic puncture was performed with evidence of granulomas with central necrosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis was interpreted and antifimic treatment was started with symptomatic improvement. Discussion: Extrapulmonary TB can impact the pleura, lymph nodes, urinary tract, osteoarticular system, central nervous system and abdomen. During pregnancy, the prevalence of extrapulmonary TB is low. Conclusion: Concomitant femoral and splenic TB in pregnant patients is a rare finding, which is why its analysis is of great importance. Arriving at a diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Delayed diagnosis leads to an increase in morbidity and mortalit


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pregnancy , Tuberculosis, Extrapulmonary/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Argentina , Pleura , Splenomegaly , Biopsy , Diagnostic Imaging , Arthralgia , Diagnosis, Differential , Knee Joint/pathology
7.
Goiânia; SES/GO; Jun. 2024. 1-20 p. quad, map, fig.(Boletim epidemiológico: monitoramento dos casos de arboviroses em Goiás, 3, 4).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1560776

ABSTRACT

As arboviroses transmitidas pelo mosquito Aedes aegypt são um dos principais problemas de saúde pública no Estado de Goiás. O boletim epidemiológico das arboiross tem o objetivo de apresentar a situação epidemiológica dos casos no estado, utilizando como fonte de dados os registros de casos suspeitos e confirmados ocorridos nos últimos anos, disponíveis no SINan Online e SINAN Net também são apresentados dados relativos à síndrome congênita associada à infecção peli Zika vírus, disponíveis no Sistema de Registro de Eventos em Saúde Pública (RESP) - Microcefalias


Arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes aegypt mosquito are one of the main public health problems in the State of Goiás. The arboiross epidemiological bulletin aims to present the epidemiological situation of cases in the state, using records of suspected and confirmed cases as a data source. occurred in recent years, available on SINan Online and SINAN Net, data relating to congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection, available on the Public Health Event Registration System (RESP) - Microcephaly, is also presented


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Arbovirus Infections/diagnosis , Arbovirus Infections/drug therapy , Dengue/mortality , Dengue/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310130, jun. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554608

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante 2020 y 2021, la circulación de los virus influenza se mantuvo por debajo de lo esperado en todo el mundo. En Argentina, en el año 2022 observamos una circulación ininterrumpida de influenza todo el año. Nuestros objetivos fueron describir los patrones de circulación y las características clínicas de niños internados con influenza. Población y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo, analítico, observacional. Se incluyeron todos los niños internados en un centro pediátrico con detección del virus influenza durante los años 2019-2022. Resultados. Se internaron 138 pacientes en 4 años; en 2019 se observó una tasa del 4,5/1000 egresos hospitalarios mientras que en 2022, fue del 15,1/1000. En 2020 y 2021 no hubo casos. En el 2019 la mayoría de los casos ocurrieron en invierno, la causa de la internación fue la infección respiratoria aguda baja (IRAB) en el 79 % y se detectó influenza A en el 92 % de los casos. En el 2022, la mayoría de los casos ocurrieron en primavera, el 62 % presentó IRAB y en el 56 % se detectó influenza A. Ambos períodos tuvieron similares frecuencias de vacunación y de comorbilidades. Conclusiones. En el 2022 se registraron más internaciones por influenza, lo que podría corresponder a que se realizaron métodos diagnósticos moleculares, que son más sensibles, y se observó un cambio en la estacionalidad con más casos en primavera. En 2019 predominó influenza A en infecciones del tracto respiratorio inferior, mientras que en el 2022 influenza A y B fueron similares, y hubo más formas extrapulmonares.


Introduction. During 2020 and 2021, the circulation of influenza virus remained below expectations worldwide. In Argentina, in 2022, we observed an uninterrupted circulation of influenza all year round. Our objectives were to describe the circulation patterns and clinical characteristics of hospitalized children with influenza. Population and methods. Retrospective, analytical, observational study. All children with influenza virus admitted to a children's hospital during the 2019­2022 period were included. Results. A total of 138 patients were admitted over 4 years; in 2019, the rate of hospital discharges was 4.5/1000, compared to 15.1/1000 in 2022. No cases were recorded in 2020 and 2021. In 2019, most cases were observed in the winter; in 79%, the cause was acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI); influenza A was detected in 92%. In 2022, most cases occurred in the spring; 62% developed ALRTI; and influenza A was detected in 56%. Similar rates of vaccination and comorbidities were observed in both periods. Conclusions. In 2022, more hospitalizations due to influenza were recorded, which may have correlated with the use of more sensitive molecular diagnostic testing and a change in seasonality, with more cases observed in the spring. In 2019, influenza A predominated in lower respiratory tract infections, while in 2022, cases of influenza A and B were similar, with more extra-pulmonary forms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Hospitalization , Hospitals
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310103, jun. 2024. Tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554609

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El examen genital en varones es una evaluación clínica simple y rápida para detectar patología urogenital. Los datos sobre prevalencia de patología urogenital en varones adolescentes son limitados. Nuestro objetivo fue describir la prevalencia de patología urogenital en varones adolescentes. Población y métodos. Estudio descriptivo transversal en el Servicio de Adolescencia de un hospital público de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Se evaluaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas (HC) de varones de 9 a 20 años atendidos entre 2008 y 2018; se incluyeron las que tenían examen genital. Se recabaron datos de edad, estadio puberal, orquidometría, patología urogenital antes de la adolescencia y al momento de la consulta. La prevalencia se expresó en porcentaje e intervalo de confianza del 95 % (IC95%). Se estimó necesario incluir 1167 HC como muestra poblacional. Resultados. Se evaluaron 2129 HC; se incluyeron 1429. En 686 casos no se hizo el examen genital. La población tuvo una mediana de edad de 12 años (rango intercuartílico 11-14 años). En 72 varones (5,7 %; IC95% 4,5-7,2), se halló una enfermedad genitourinaria antes de la adolescencia. Se detectó al menos una patología urogenital en 272 adolescentes (14,8 %; IC95% 13,1-16,7); las más frecuentes fueron adherencia balanoprepucial 5,3 % (IC95% 4,2-6,6), varicocele 2,7 % (IC95% 2-3,7) y fimosis 1,8 % (IC95% 1,2-2,6). Conclusiones. El examen genital permitió detectar que el 14,8 % de los varones adolescentes atendidos presentó alguna patología urogenital. Las entidades más frecuentes fueron adherencia balanoprepucial, varicocele y fimosis.


Introduction. The male genital exam is a simple and quick assessment to look for urogenital disease. Data on the prevalence of urogenital disease in male adolescents are limited. Our objective was to describe the prevalence of urogenital disease in male adolescents. Population and methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted at the Department of Adolescenceof a public hospital in the City of Buenos Aires. The medical records of male patients aged 9 to 20 years seen between 2008 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed; all those with a genital exam were included. Data on age, pubertal stage, orchidometry, and urogenital disease before adolescence and at the time of consultation were recorded. The prevalence was described as percentage and 95% confidence interval (CI).As per estimations, 1167 medical records had to be included to establish the population sample. Results. A total of 2129 medical records were assessed and 1429 were included. No genital exam had been conducted in 686 cases. The median age of the population was 12 years (interquartile range: 11­14 years). Urogenital disease before adolescence was detected in 72 boys (5.7%; 95% CI: 4.5­7.2). Urogenital disease was found in 272 adolescents (14.8%; 95% CI: 13.1­16.7); the most common conditions were balanopreputial adhesions in 5.3% (95% CI: 4.2­6.6), varicocele in 2.7% (95% CI: 2­3.7), and phimosis in 1.8% (95% CI: 1.2­2.6). Conclusions. A genital exam allowed to detect that 14.8% of adolescent boys had a urogenital diseaseThe most common conditions were balanopreputial adhesions, varicocele, and phimosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Phimosis/diagnosis , Phimosis/epidemiology , Varicocele/diagnosis , Varicocele/epidemiology , Outpatients , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310217, jun. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554942

ABSTRACT

Los problemas de salud mental materna durante el embarazo, parto y puerperio son un desafío para la salud pública. Su falta de reconocimiento atenta contra el diagnóstico y tratamientos oportunos, e impacta en la madre y el establecimiento del vínculo fundamental del binomio. Debemos reconocer los factores de riesgo (edad, situación socioeconómica, antecedentes psicopatológicos, disfunción familiar, entorno desfavorable), las manifestaciones clínicas y las herramientas de detección. Existen evidencias de que el efecto del estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión durante el embarazo afectan negativamente el neurodesarrollo fetal y condicionan los resultados del desarrollo infantil. Describimos el impacto negativo de la depresión puerperal durante los primeros meses de vida, que afecta el vínculo madre-hija/o, el desarrollo posnatal (emocional, conductual, cognitivo, lenguaje) y el mantenimiento de la lactancia materna. También reconocemos factores protectores que atemperan sus efectos. Es fundamental establecer estrategias preventivas y abordajes diagnósticos y terapéuticos interdisciplinarios para minimizar los riesgos sobre la madre y sus hijas/os.


Maternal mental health problems during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period are a challenge for public health. Not recognizing them hinders a timely diagnosis and treatment and has an impact on the mother and the establishment of the fundamental bond of the mother-child dyad. We must recognize the risk factors (age, socioeconomic status, mental health history, family dysfunction, unfavorable environment), clinical manifestations, and screening tools. There is evidence that the effect of stress, anxiety, and depression during pregnancy negatively affect fetal neurodevelopment and condition child developmental outcomes. Here we describe the negative impact of postpartum depression during the first months of life, which affects mother-child bonding, postnatal development (emotional, behavioral, cognitive, language), and the maintenance of breastfeeding. We also recognize protective factors that mitigate its effects. It is essential to establish preventive strategies and interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to minimize the risks to the mother and her children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Depression, Postpartum/diagnosis , Depression, Postpartum/etiology , Cognition , Parturition , Pregnant Women/psychology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Mothers/psychology
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310084, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554954

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales son patologías poco frecuentes en pediatría. Dentro de ellas, se incluyen las disfunciones del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar, molécula anfipática cuya función es disminuir la tensión superficial y evitar el colapso alveolar. Se presenta el caso de un lactante de 6 meses, en seguimiento por bajo peso, que presentó dificultad respiratoria aguda y cianosis; la radiografía de tórax evidenció infiltrado intersticial, neumomediastino y neumotórax bilateral. Al interrogatorio, surgió antecedente materno de internación al año de vida, con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia prolongada y diagnóstico desconocido; presenta signos de hipoxia crónica. El paciente cursó internación con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia. Se realizaron estudios complementarios en búsqueda de etiología, sin resultados positivos. La tomografía de tórax evidenció opacidades en vidrio esmerilado, engrosamiento del intersticio septal y áreas de atrapamiento aéreo; con resultado de biopsia pulmonar y estudio genético se llegó al diagnóstico de disfunción del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar.


Interstitial lung diseases are rare in pediatrics. They include dysfunctions in the metabolism of pulmonary surfactant, an amphipathic molecule that reduces surface tension and prevents alveolar collapse. Here we describe the case of a 6-month-old infant controlled for low weight, who presented with acute respiratory distress and cyanosis; his chest X-ray showed interstitial infiltrate, pneumomediastinum, and bilateral pneumothorax. During history-taking, it was noted that his mother had a history of hospitalization at 1 year old with unknown diagnosis, requiring prolonged oxygen therapy; she now shows signs of chronic hypoxia. The patient was hospitalized and required oxygen therapy. Ancillary tests were done to look for the etiology of the condition, with no positive results. A chest computed tomography showed groundglass opacities, thickening of the septal interstitium, and areas of air trapping; based on the results of a lung biopsy and a genetic study, pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Surfactants , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/etiology , Oxygen , Radiography
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310123, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554997

ABSTRACT

Las duplicaciones del tracto alimentario son un conjunto heterogéneo de anomalías congénitas del tubo digestivo. Su forma de presentación es variada, y pueden desarrollar distintas complicaciones libradas a su evolución natural. La infección es una complicación poco frecuente, pero que no puede desconocerse por la gravedad que implica. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 2 años de edad, previamente sana, con una complicación atípica de una duplicación del tracto alimentario: un shock séptico. Consultó inicialmente por distensión y dolor abdominal asociado a una masa abdominal palpable. Los estudios imagenológicos evidenciaron una formación líquida parcialmente tabicada en el hemiabdomen derecho. Durante la internación, se presentó una infección intratumoral, que evolucionó al shock séptico. Respondió favorablemente al tratamiento médico del shock, y se realizó la exéresis quirúrgica posteriormente. La anatomía patológica confirmó la duplicación del tracto alimentario.


Alimentary tract duplications are heterogenous congenital anomalies of the digestive tract. Their form of presentation is varied, and they may lead to different complications, depending on their natural course. Infection is a rare complication, but it cannot be ignored because of its severity. Here we describe the case of an otherwise healthy 2-year-old girl with an atypical complication of alimentary tract duplication: septic shock. She initially consulted due to abdominal distension and pain associated with a palpable abdominal mass. The imaging studies showed a partial fluid septation in the right side of the abdomen. During hospitalization, an intratumoral infection developed, which progressed to septic shock. The patient responded favorably to medical treatment for shock, and surgical resection was subsequently performed. The pathology report confirmed the presence of alimentary tract duplication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Shock, Septic/etiology , Digestive System Abnormalities/surgery , Digestive System Abnormalities/complications , Digestive System Abnormalities/diagnosis , Pain , Gastrointestinal Tract , Ileum
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310178, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555003

ABSTRACT

La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans es una expresión de células dendríticas mieloides, asociada a un componente inflamatorio significativo y compromiso sistémico variado. La edad más frecuente de presentación es entre 1 y 4 años, y predomina en el sexo masculino. Se comunica el caso de un niño de 5 años de edad cuya forma de presentación fue una lesión granulomatosa con fístula perianal, afectación pulmonar y de oído externo. El abordaje interdisciplinario permitió llegar al diagnóstico, realizar las intervenciones necesarias e iniciar el tratamiento adecuado.


Langerhans cell histiocytosis is an expression of myeloid dendritic cells, associated with a significant inflammatory component and varied systemic involvement. The most common age at presentation is between 1 and 4 years, and it prevails among male subjects. Here we describe the case of a 5-year-old boy who presented with a granulomatous lesion with perianal fistula and lung and external ear involvement. An interdisciplinary approach helped to make a diagnosis, provide the necessary interventions, and start an adequate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310139, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555014

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas con hundimiento de cráneo sin una explicación clara sobre su origen orientan al traumatismo con un objeto romo y a la sospecha de maltrato infantil. En el caso de los bebés recién nacidos, su corta edad es un factor de vulnerabilidad y obliga a una exhaustiva evaluación. Ante la sospecha de maltrato infantil, resulta importante evaluar los diagnósticos diferenciales para realizar la intervención más adecuada posible. Es necesario evitar tanto intervenciones excesivas como omitir la intervención que sea necesaria. Las fracturas craneales deprimidas congénitas, descritas como "fracturas pingpong", son raras (0,3 a 2/10 000 partos). Pueden aparecer sin antecedentes traumáticos o en partos instrumentalizados. Se describe en este artículo el caso de un recién nacido con una fractura ping-pong como ejemplo de una fractura no intencional.


Depressed skull fractures without a clear explanation as to their origin point to trauma with a blunt object and suspected child abuse. In the case of newborn infants, their young age is a vulnerability factor and requires an exhaustive assessment. When child abuse is suspected, an assessment of the differential diagnoses is required to make the most appropriate intervention possible. Both an excessive intervention and an omission of a necessary intervention should be avoided. Congenital depressed skull fractures, described as "ping-pong fractures", are rare (0.3 to 2/10 000 births). They may appear without any trauma history or in instrumentalized childbirth. Here we describe the case of a newborn infant with a ping-pong fracture as an example of an accidental fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child Abuse/diagnosis , Skull Fracture, Depressed/congenital , Skull Fracture, Depressed/diagnosis , Delivery, Obstetric , Diagnosis, Differential , Physical Abuse
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310167, jun. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555016

ABSTRACT

La clorhidrorrea congénita es un trastorno genético infrecuente pero importante caracterizado por una alteración grave del balance hidroelectrolítico como resultado de un defecto en la absorción intestinal de cloruros. Los niños afectados presentan diarrea persistente, deshidratación y malnutrición; el control médico y del desarrollo son complejos. Mejorar la detección prenatal es esencial para facilitar la atención del paciente, las intervenciones tempranas y el asesoramiento genético informado. Sin embargo, a pesar de los avances de la medicina, la naturaleza compleja y la escasa frecuencia de esta entidad, constituyen un desafío para la detección prenatal. En este estudio, se reporta el caso de una embarazada donde los estudios por imágenes de resonancia magnética fetales identificaron en forma efectiva las características típicas de la clorhidrorrea congénita. Se proveen conocimientos sobre las complejidades del diagnóstico y se sugieren caminos para las estrategias de detección temprana de esta enfermedad.


Congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD) is a rare but significant genetic disorder characterized by severe electrolyte imbalances resulting from impaired intestinal chloride absorption. Affected children experience persistent diarrhea, dehydration, and malnutrition, complicating medical and developmental care. The enhancement of prenatal detection is crucial for improved patient management, early interventions, and informed genetic counseling. However, despite advancements in medicine, the complex nature and rarity of CCD make prenatal detection challenging. In this study, we report a fetal case where prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) effectively identified the distinctive characteristics of CCD, providing insights into the complexities of diagnosis and suggesting avenues for enhanced early detection strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Diarrhea/congenital , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/diagnosis , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics , Diarrhea/etiology , Genetic Counseling
17.
Goiânia; SES/GO; maio 2024. 1-20 p. quad, graf, tab.(Boletim epidemiológico: monitoramento dos casos de arboviroses em Goiás, 3, 3).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1555435

ABSTRACT

As arboviroses transmitidas pelo mosquito Aedes aegypt são um dos principais problemas de saúde pública no Estado de Goiás. O boletim epidemiológico das arboviroses tem o objetivo de apresentar a situação epidemiológica dos casos no estado, utilizando como fonte de dados os registros de casos suspeitos e confirmados ocorridos nos últimos anos, disponíveis no Sinan Online e Sinan Net. também são apresentados dados relativos à síndrome congênita associada à infecção pelo Zika vírus, disponíveis no Sistema de Registro de Eventos em Saúde Pública (RESP) - Microcefalias


Arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes aegypt mosquito are one of the main public health problems in the State of Goiás. The arbovirus epidemiological bulletin aims to present the epidemiological situation of cases in the state, using records of suspected and confirmed cases as a data source. occurred in recent years, available on Sinan Online and Sinan Net. data relating to congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection are also presented, available on the Public Health Event Registration System (RESP) - Microcephalies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Arbovirus Infections/diagnosis , Arbovirus Infections/drug therapy , Dengue/complications , Dengue/mortality , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
18.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 06 maio 2024. 1-8 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1560861

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma doenças causada por fungos do gênero Sporothrix, normalmente em regiões tropicais ou subtropicais. O Sporothrix brasiliensis é o agente etiológico mais descrito nos animais. Apesar de não ser uma doença de notificação compulsória nacional, desde o ano de 2023, tem-se orientado a notificação dos casos suspeitos e/ou confirmados de esporotricose humana e animal no estado de Goiás, através do Sistema de informação de Agravos de Notificação (Sinan) e do REDCap, respectivamente


Sporotrichosis is a disease caused by fungi of the genus Sporothrix, normally in tropical or subtropical regions. Sporothrix brasiliensis is the most described etiological agent in animals. Despite not being a nationally notifiable disease, since 2023, the notification of suspected and/or confirmed cases of human and animal sporotrichosis in the state of Goiás has been advised, through the Notifiable Diseases Information System ( Sinan) and REDCap, respectively


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cats , Dogs , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/prevention & control , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy
19.
Goiânia; SES-GO; abr. 2024. 1-20 p. graf, quad, map.(Boletim epidemiológico: monitoramento dos casos de arboviroses em Goiás, 3, 2).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1551799

ABSTRACT

As arboviroses transmitidas pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti são um dos principais problemas de saúde pública no Estado de Goiás. O boletim epidemiológico das arboviroses tem o objetivo de apresentar a situação epidemiológica dos casos no estado, utilizando como fonte de dados os registros de casos suspeitos e confirmados ocorridos nos últimos anos, disponíveis no Sinan Online e Sinan Net. Também são apresentados dados relativos à síndrome congênita associada à infecção pelo Zika Vírus, disponíveis no Sistema de Registro de Eventos em Saúde Pública (RESP) - Microcefalias


Arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito are one of the main public health problems in the State of Goiás. The arbovirus epidemiological bulletin aims to present the epidemiological situation of cases in the state, using records of suspected and confirmed cases as a data source. occurred in recent years, available on Sinan Online and Sinan Net. Data relating to congenital syndrome associated with Zika Virus infection are also presented, available on the Public Health Event Registration System (RESP) - Microcephalies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Arbovirus Infections/diagnosis , Arbovirus Infections/drug therapy , Dengue/complications , Dengue/mortality
20.
Geriatr Gerontol Aging ; 18: e0000061, Apr. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate frailty and its relationship with prognostic markers in hospitalized patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with a prospective variable analysis (prognostic markers) involved adults of both sexes aged ≥ 50 years with acute coronary syndrome. Patients with ≥ 3 of the following criteria were considered frail: 1) unintentional weight loss; 2) exhaustion (assessed by self-reported fatigue); 3) low handgrip strength; 4) low physical activity level; and 5) low gait speed. The included prognostic markers were: metabolic changes (lipid and glycemic profile), changes in inflammatory status (C-reactive protein), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction risk score, troponin level, angioplasty or surgery, hospitalization in the intensive care unit, length of hospital stay, and hospital outcome. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 125 patients, whose mean age was 65.5 (SD, 8.7) years. The prevalence of frailty was 48.00%, which was higher in women (PR = 1.55; 95%CI 1.08­2.22; p = 0.018) and patients with systemic arterial hypertension (PR = 2.18; 95%CI 1.01­5.24; p = 0.030). Frailty was not associated with age, cardiac diagnosis, or prognostic markers (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty was highly prevalent in patients with acute coronary syndrome, affecting almost half of the sample, particularly women and patients with hypertension, irrespective of age. However, despite its high prevalence, frailty was not associated with markers of metabolic change or poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis
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