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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1761-1766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the apoptosis of CD34CD38-KG1a leukemia stem cells induced by Qinba selenium-mushroom extract(FA-2-b-β), and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#CD34CD38--KG1a cells were isolated from KG1a cell line by magnetic activated cell sorting. The proliferation ability of KG1a stem cells treatd by various concentration of FA-2-b-β(1.2-2.4 mg/ml) in vitro for 24 and 48 hours were tested by cell counting Kit-8(CCK8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of KG1a stem cells in each group after treated by FA-2-b-β in vitro. Expression of BAX,BCL-2,Casepase-3 and Cyclin D1 protein were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of CD34CD38--KG1a stem cells was (95.35±2.63)% after immunomagnetic isolation. The proliferation of KG1a stem cells was inhibited significantly by FA-2-b-β, which shows a time- and dose-dependent manner (24 h,r=0.943; 48 h,r=0.976). Flow cytometry shows that with the increasing of drug concentration, the apoptosis was also increased, when KG1a stem cells was treated by FA-2-b-β for 24 h. Western blot indicated that the expression of apoptosis-related protein BAX and Casepase-3 were up-regulated, the expression of BCL-2 and Cyclin D1 were down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β can regulate proliferation and apoptosis KG1a stem cells, the involved mechanism may be related with the activation of mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Selenium
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 525-533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are positive in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but the prognostic value of ANAs remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ANAs as a prognostic factor in CLL.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 216 newly diagnosed CLL subjects with ANAs test from 2007 to 2017. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to screen the independent prognostic factors related to time to first treatment (TTFT), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Receiver operator characteristic curves and area under the curve (AUC) were utilized to assess the predictive accuracy of ANAs together with other independent factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of ANAs abnormality at diagnosis was 13.9%. ANAs positivity and TP53 disruption were independent prognostic indicators for OS. The AUC of positive ANAs together with TP53 disruption was 0.766 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.697-0.826), which was significantly larger than that of either TP53 disruption (AUC: 0.706, 95% CI: 0.634-0.772, P = 0.034) or positive ANAs (AUC: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.520-0.668, P < 0.001) in OS prediction. Besides, serum positive ANAs as one additional parameter to CLL-international prognostic index (IPI) obtained superior AUCs in predicting CLL OS than CLL-IPI alone.@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified ANAs as an independent prognostic factor for CLL, and further investigations are needed to validate this finding.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Blood , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoimmunity , Physiology , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Blood , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Mutation , Genetics , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Blood , Young Adult , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase , Blood
4.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 40(1): 25-29, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953804

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pre-transfusion tests, essential for the release of blood components, may be affected by drugs. Monoclonal antibodies represent a class of medications increasingly used in the clinical practice, with anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies (daratumumab) being a promising resource in the treatment of refractory myeloma. This monoclonal antibody recognizes CD38 in myeloma cells and interferes with pre-transfusion tests by causing panreactivity in indirect antiglobulin tests thereby clinically masking alloantibodies. Dithiothreitol is a reagent that breaks disulfide bonds and effectively destroys antigenic sites for CD38 on red blood cells. This study reports the immunohematological findings of pre-transfusion tests of patients with multiple myeloma receiving daratumumab and on solutions to prevent the interference of this monoclonal antibody. Methods: Serum samples from five patients on anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody treatment were evaluated. Tests performed included ABO/RhD typing, indirect antiglobulin test, direct antiglobulin test and eluate test. A daily evaluation was performed to determine the shelf life of dithiothreitol-treated red blood cells when stored in Alsever's solution. Results: No interference in the ABO/RhD typing results was noted but in all samples, a panreactivity was observed in indirect antiglobulin tests. Regarding the direct antiglobulin test, two samples presented positive results but negative eluates. In all samples, treatment of reagent red blood cells with 0.2 M dithiothreitol offset interference by anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies. Dithiothreitol-treated red blood cells stored in Alsever's solution were stable for up to 15 days. Conclusion: Treatment of reagent red blood cells with dithiothreitol can be efficient and accessible to offset the interference of the anti-CD38 drug in pre-transfusion tests. The number of costly serological workups can be reduced by having stored dithiothreitol red blood cells with this proving to be a useful reagent for investigating anti-CD38.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Transfusion , Coombs Test , Immunization , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antibodies, Monoclonal
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1725-1730, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251315

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication of sepsis that is associated with high mortality. Intracellular Ca2+ overload plays an important role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced ALI, and cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR) is an important regulator of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. The cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38)/cADPR pathway has been found to play roles in multiple inflammatory processes but its role in sepsis-induced ALI is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether the CD38/cADPR signaling pathway is activated in sepsis-induced ALI and whether blocking cADPR-mediated calcium overload attenuates ALI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Septic rat models were established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Rats were divided into the sham group, the CLP group, and the CLP+ 8-bromo-cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (8-Br-cADPR) group. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), cADPR, CD38, and intracellular Ca2+ levels in the lung tissues were measured at 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after CLP surgery. Lung histologic injury, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-μ, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NAD+, cADPR, CD38, and intracellular Ca2+ levels in the lungs of septic rats increased significantly at 24 h after CLP surgery. Treatment with 8-Br-cADPR, a specific inhibitor of cADPR, significantly reduced intracellular Ca2+ levels (P = 0.007), attenuated lung histological injury (P = 0.023), reduced TNF-μ and MDA levels (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively) and recovered SOD activity (P = 0.031) in the lungs of septic rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The CD38/cADPR pathway is activated in the lungs of septic rats, and blocking cADPR-mediated calcium overload with 8-Br-cADPR protects against sepsis-induced ALI.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Cyclic ADP-Ribose , Metabolism , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147858

ABSTRACT

Herein, we report a patient showing panagglutination in the unexpected antibody identification test after the administration of daratumumab. The patient was a 66-year-old woman who had undergone multiple cycles of chemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for treating multiple myeloma; however, despite treatment, she had relapsed. Therefore, daratumumab, on clinical trials in Korea, started to be administered. After administration of daratumumab, the result of antibody screening test was positive, on the contrary to the result prior to the administration. Moreover, all positive reactions were shown in the antibody identification to the panel cells. After destroying CD38 antigens on the surface of RBCs using DTT, negative results were obtained. Daratumumab—a novel therapeutic human CD38 monoclonal antibody that can be used as targeted immunotherapy—is an FDA-approved drug for treating multiple myeloma. Because CD38 is expressed not only on myeloma cells, but also on red blood cells (RBCs), the use of daratumumab might lead to RBC agglutinations, and thereby resulting in false-positive results on the pre-transfusion tests. Therefore, caution is needed in case of a patient receiving daratumumab. Furthermore, additional test using DTT is required, especially when panagglutination was shown in the antibody identification test, as in this case.


Subject(s)
Aged , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Drug Therapy , Erythrocytes , Female , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Multiple Myeloma , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1013-1020, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257033

ABSTRACT

CD38 is a multifunctional enzyme expressed in a variety of mammalian tissues, its catalytic activity was involved in a wide range of physiological processes. Based on the reported inhibitor of human CD38 NADase, 33 purine derivatives were designed and synthesized. The biological activity assay showed that compounds 20 and 38 exhibited almost the same extent of inhibitory activities on human CD38 NADase as the lead compound H2. The results also revealed that small substituents at C-6 of purine ring gave no obvious effect on inhibitory activity, but phenylpropionyl moiety at N-2 could affect the binding mode of the compound with CD38. This study provides a reliable basis for future rational design of inhibitors for CD38.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Humans , Purines , Chemistry
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 8-14, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the histological features, diagnosis, differential diagnoses of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract and to correlate clinical prognosis with pathologic parameters and immunophenotypes with an emphasis on c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 expression and their values in predicting the status of c-myc gene translocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-four cases of aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract with complete clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively collected. The clinical data, histologic and immunohistochemical findings and follow-up results were analyzed. Predictive immunohistochemical stains including c-myc, Tcl-1 and CD38 were performed and ROC curve analysis was used to confirm the accuracy of these markers in predicting c-myc translocation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 54 cases, there were 33 males and 21 females with median age of 56 years. Histological types of lymphomas included 49 cases of DLBCL (11 cases of germinal central B cell like and 38 cases of activated B cell like by Hans classification), 4 cases of DLBCL/BL and 1 case of BL. Eleven of 54 patients died within 97 months, with median survival of 42 months. Histologically, full-thickness infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract by large atypical cells with evident phagocytosis of karyorrhexis by macrophages ("starry sky") were seen in 18/54 cases. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD20 (54/54), CD79a (54/54), CD43 (4/54), CD5 (7/54), bcl-2 (26/54), Tcl-1 (17/54) and CD38 (15/54), but all negative for CD3 and CD30. The proliferative index by Ki-67 ranged from 40% to 100%. The univariate survival analysis indicated that B symptoms, general performance, high LDH, high IPI, distant metastasis, high clinical stage and tumors with over 90% of cells positive for c-myc were negative predictors for the patient's survival. In addition, cases of DLBCL positive for CD5 had an unfavorable prognosis. Cox regression analysis showed c-myc translocation, distant metastasis and high LDH were independent predictors for unfavorable prognosis. ROC curve revealed the percentage of c-myc positivity predicted the presence of c-myc gene translocation, with 75% as the optimal threshold.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Aggressive B-cell lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract with a prognosis influenced by variable clinicopathologic factors. DLBCL and DLBCL/BL may possess c-myc translocation and tend to be Burkitt-like or atypical Burkitt lymphoma. As independent prognostic indicator, c-myc expression may be used for selection of therapeutic regimens and prognostication. High percentage of tumor cells with c-myc positivity may be used to predict the presence of c-myc gene translocation.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Burkitt Lymphoma , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intestinal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Genetics , Metabolism , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Translocation, Genetic , Young Adult
10.
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 Oct-Dec; 50(4): 333-336
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154308

ABSTRACT

Aim of Study: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common chronic lympho-proliferative disorder. This study was undertaken to know the prevalence of ZAP-70 and CD 38 in the treatment naive patients of CLL seen at a tertiary care centre of north India. Materials and Methods: ZAP-70 and CD 38 were tested by flow cytometry on peripheral blood samples. ZAP-70 positive and CD 38 positivity was defined as positive expression on 20% and 30% of CLL cells, respectively. Clinico-hematological profile and its correlation with ZAP-70 and CD 38 were assessed in consecutive 80 CLL patients. Results: There were 64 males and median age of the group was 58 years. Sixteen patients (20%) were asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally. Median total lymphocyte count (TLC) at presentation was 62 × 10 9 /L. Rai stage distribution was: Stage 0-6, stage I-20, stage II-36, stage III-5, and stage IV-13. ZAP-70 and CD 38 positivity were detected in 20 patients (25%) and 29 patients (36%), respectively. Eleven patients were positive and 34 were negative for both ZAP-70 and CD 38 yielding a concordance rate of 56%. There was no statistically significant difference between ZAP-70 and CD 38 positivity and negativity with regard to age, sex, Lymphocyte count, lymphadenopathy, organomegaly, and Rai staging. Conclusion: ZAP-70 and CD 38 positivity were detected 25% and 36%, respectively, with concordance rate of 56%, which is higher than Western literature. There was no correlation of ZAP-70 and CD 38 positivity with age, sex, lymphadenopathy, organomegaly, and Rai staging.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Female , Humans , India , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/epidemiology , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 895-898, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252303

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of pegylated interferon a-2a (Peg-INFa-2a) treatment on expression of CD8 and CD38 surface molecules on lymphocytes from peripheral blood of inactive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-four patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronic infection (CHB) received a 48-week course of Peg-INFa-2a treatment, with 30 administered 135 mug/week and 14 administered 180 mug/week. Every 12 weeks of treatment, the subjects were assessed for HBsAg titer, presence of anti-hepatitis B e (HBe) antibody, serum alanine amino transaminase (ALT) levels, and lymphocyte surface expression of CD8 and CD38 molecules. Patients were classified as responders and non-responders according to standard parameters. Dynamic differences between the two groups over time were assessed by multivariate repeated measures ANOVA with Greenhouse-Geisser correction and differences at single time points were assessed by univariate ANOVA. Linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship of two variables.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The responders showed a significantly higher increase in ALT at week 12 (60.75+/-24.95 U/L vs. non-responders: 37.03+/-18.45 U/L; t = 2.905, P less than 0.01) and significantly higher proportion of CD8+CD38+ cells at week 24 (71.20+/-11.70% vs. non-responders: 56.79+/-7.72%; F = 23.941, P less than 0.01). The decline in level of HBsAg at week 24 was positively correlated with the increase in ALT level at week 12 (r = 0.386, P less than 0.01) and with expression levels of CD8 and CD38 molecules on lymphocytes at week 24 (r = 0.397, P less than 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lower baseline levels of HBsAg correlated to better Peg-INFa-2a-related HBsAg clearance. Increased expression of CD8 and CD38 on lymphocytes is suggestive of intensive cellular immunity in CHB patients and may be related to HBV-induced hepatocyte damage and may promote the HBsAg clearance.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Carrier State , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Polyethylene Glycols , Therapeutic Uses , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233158

ABSTRACT

Leukemia seems to depend on a small population of "leukemia stem cells (LSCs)" for its growth and metastasis. However, the precise surviving mechanisms of LSCs remain obscure. Cellular senescence is an important obstacle for production and surviving of tumor cells. In this study we investigated the activated state of a pathway, in which reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces cellular senescence through DNA damage and phophorylation of p38 MAPK (p38), in myeloid leukemic CD34(+)CD38(-) cells. Bone marrow samples were obtained from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n=11) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML, n=9). CD34(+)CD38(-) cells were isolated from mononuclear cells from these bone marrow samples, and K562 and KG1a cells (two kinds of myeloid leukemia cell lines) by mini-magnetic activated cell sorting. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from human cord blood served as controls. Intracellular ROS level was detected by flow cytometry. DNA damage defined as the γH2AX level was measured by immunofluorescence staining. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of p21, a senescence-associated gene. Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were employed to determine the p38 expression and activation. The proliferation and apoptosis of CD34(+)CD38(-) cells were detected by MTT assay and flow cytometry. Our results showed that ROS and DNA damage were substantially accumulated and p38 was less phosphorated in myeloid leukemic CD34(+)CD38(-) cells as compared with HSCs and H(2)O(2)-induced senescent HSCs. Furthermore, over-phosphorylation of p38 by anisomycin, a selective activator of p38, induced both the senescence-like growth arrest and apoptosis of CD34(+)CD38(-) cells from K562 and KG1a cell lines. These findings suggested that, although excessive accumulation of oxidative DNA damage was present in LSCs, the relatively decreased phosphorylation of p38 might help leukemic cells escape senescence and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Cellular Senescence , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , Male , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Oxidative Stress , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 607-612, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303509

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and histopathologic features, diagnosis, pathogenesis and therapy of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and pathologic features of 15 cases of PTLD were retrospectively analyzed by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and in-situ hybridization, according to the updated 2008 WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Amongst the 15 cases studied, 14 cases had received allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) and 1 case had received renal transplantation. There were altogether 12 males and 3 females. The male-to-female ratio was 4:1. The mean age was 30.4 years and the median age was 31 years (range from 9 to 60 years). PTLD developed 1.5 to 132 months after transplantation (median 13.0 months). The mean age of the 14 patients with AHSCT was 28.3 years (range from 9 to 45 years) and PTLD developed 1.5 to 19 months after transplantation (mean 4.5 months). Major clinical presentation included fever and lymphadenopathy. Twelve cases involved mainly lymph nodes and the remaining 3 cases involved tonsils, stomach and small intestine, respectively. The histologic types in 4 cases represented early lesions, including plasmacytic hyperplasia (n = 1) and infectious mononucleosis-like PTLD (n = 3). Seven cases were polymorphic PTLD, with 4 cases containing a predominance of large cells. Graft-versus-host disease was also seen in the case of small intestinal involvement. Four cases were monomorphic PTLD, 3 of which were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 1 was plasmablastic lymphoma and 1 was a mixture of monomorphic and polymorphic PTLD. Foci of necrosis were seen in 5 cases. The proliferating index of Ki-67 was high. The positive rate of EBV-encoded RNA in AHSCT was 92.9%. The duration of PTLD onset was shorter in EBV-positive cases (range from 1.5 to 7 months) than EBV-negative cases (range from 19 and 132 months). Some cases were treated by reduction of immunosuppression, antiviral agents or anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody Rituximab. The duration of follow-up in 14 patients ranged from 0 to 8 months. Five of the patients died of the disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The diagnosis of PTLD relies on morphologic examination and immunohistochemistry. Most of them are of B-cell origin. EBV plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PTLD. The duration of disease onset is shorter in EBV-positive cases. PTLD in AHSCT cases occurs in younger age group, with shorter duration of onset, as compared to solid organ transplantation. The prognosis of PTLD is poor. The modalities of treatment include reduction of immunosuppression, antiviral agents or anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody Rituximab.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Therapeutic Uses , Antigens, CD20 , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Ki-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Kidney Transplantation , Leukemia , Therapeutics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Virology , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Viral , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263345

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze the clinical and laboratorial characteristics of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as well as their relationship with outcomes of patients. The clinical and laboratorial data of 40 CLL patients admitted from 2004 to 2010 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The results indicated that the most of CLL attacked the elderly male patients with median age 66 (from 42 to 80). Flow cytometric analysis showed that 25 cases were positive for typical immunophenotype of CLL. On the other hand, all the patients clearly expressed CD19 and CD5, 7 cases (17.5%) and 14 cases (35%) were positive for the expression of CD38 and Zap70 respectively. 8 cases harbored a mutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain (VH) gene, among them 4 cases belong to VH3 family. Interphase FISH analysis showed that P53 deletion, RB1 deletion, trisomy 12 and normal chromosome were detected in 6, 3, 1, and 5 cases, respectively. The median PFS in 31 patients received treatment of fludarabine based chemotherapy was 48 months (95%CI: 39 - 57 months), among them 27 cases (87.1%) achieved CR + PR. While PFS was 14 months (95%CI: 10 - 18 months, P < 0.001) in 9 patients received other treatment regimen, out of them only 3 cases (33.3%) achieved CR + PR. Patients with normal level of serum β2-microglobulin at diagnosis showed significantly higher overall survival (78%, 95%CI: 69% - 87%) in 36 months than those with abnormal level of serum β2-microglobulin (47%, 95%CI: 35% - 59%, P = 0.004). Significant difference in the rate of CR + PR was noted in the Zap70 positive group (50%) and in negative group (88.5%, P = 0.006). All of 8 patients with IgVH mutation displayed CR after treatment, while 4 cases (66.7%) archived CR among 6 patients without IgVH mutation. It is concluded that CLL is characterized by high heterogeneity in both clinical features and molecular markers, which are associated with prediction of outcomes for patients. The treatment with fludarabine-based chemotherapy results in a major benefit and long survival for patients with CLL.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunoglobulin Variable Region , Genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263299

ABSTRACT

This study was purpose to investigate the biological characteristics of B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) between CD34 positive CD38 positive (CD34(+)CD38(+)) and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroups and their clinical significance. Immunophenotyping of B cells in bone marrow of 54 patients with newly diagnosed CD34(+)B-ALL were analyzed by 4 color multiparametric flow cytometry (FCM). According to the different expression of CD38, the newly diagnosed patients with B-ALL were divided into two groups: CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup. BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 fusion genes and WT1 gene were detected by real time RT-PCR simultaneously. After chemotherapy, minimal residual disease (MRD) was monitored by one tube of 7 color FCM. The average follow-up time was 12 months (range 1 - 28), the average follow-up interval was 2 months (range 1 - 5). The results showed that there was no significant differences such as WBC, Plt count and Hb level between the two groups at diagnosis, the positive rate of BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 and WT1 gene was also no significantly different. After clinical complete remission (CR), MRD positive (MDR(+)) case rates were 28.57% (10/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and 68.42% (13/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup (P < 0.01). The relapse rate between the two groups was 5.71% (2/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup (relapse time at 94 and 245 d respectively) and 36.84% (7/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group [median relapse time was 263 d (range 46 - 468), P < 0.01]. The age distribution was analyzed in these two subgroups (> 16 or ≤ 16 years old), there was 8 (8/35) adult patients (> 16 years old) in CD34(+)CD38(+)group and 10 (10/19) adult patients in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that CD34(+)CD38(low/-) phenotype is more often presented in adult patients and the CD34(+)CD38(low/-) patients with B-ALL are more likely to have MRD(+)and relapse after treatment.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Infant , Leukemia, B-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 274-277, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359508

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of Notch1 on the membrane of bone marrow CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and explore the importance of Notch signaling pathway in the formation and progression of MM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty three MM patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The expression of Notch1 on the membrane of bone marrow CD38(+)CD138(+) and CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The clinical data of MM patients were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients was (60.21 ± 25.06)% which was significantly higher than those of CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells of MM patients (39.84 ± 18.94)% (P = 0.000) and controls (38.34 ± 19.39)% (P = 0.004). There was no statistical difference between the two latter groups (P > 0.05). The expression of Notch1 on CD38(+)CD138(+)plasma cells from 24 newly diagnosed MM patients was correlated to the level of malignant plasma cells in there bone marrow (r = 0.914, P = 0.000), serum level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (r = 0.754, P = 0.007), and β(2)-MG(r = 0.716, P = 0.013). The ratio of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients who had renal dysfunction was correlated to their abnormal serum creatinine levels. The expression of Notch1 on CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells from 17 MM patients who received VD (bortezamib and dexamethasone) chemotherapy was correlated to the ratio of plasma cell reduction after the first VD chemotherapy (r = 0.842, P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients was significantly higher than those of CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells of MM patients and controls. Notch1 overexpressed plasma cells were sensitive to the early VD therapy, and correlated to the progression and long term outcome of MM.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cell Count , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Plasma Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Prognosis , Receptor, Notch1 , Metabolism , Syndecan-1 , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biological behavior including survival and proliferation of CD34 + CD38--Lin--cells when they are cultured at single cell level.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Purified umbilical cord blood CD34 + CD38--Lin--cells were separated at single cell level in 96-well plates using flow cytometry for four groups: control group (CD34 + CD38--Lin--cell plus stem cell medium) , Shh group (CD34 + CD38--Lin--cell plus stem cell medium and Shh), BMP-4 group (CD34 + CD38--Lin--cell plus stem cell medium and BMP-4), Jagged-1 group (CD34 + CD38--Lin--cell plus stem cell medium and Jagged-1). Methylcellulose medium was used in the colony-forming experiment which was also in four groups as previously. The number of cells and colony-forming units in each well for the four groups was evaluated at different time points (day 1, 3, 7) with fluorescence microscopy counting method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Division of single cell was observed to be amplified in all of these groups from day 3. And meanwhile, after 1-week culture, the survival rates for the treated groups were all higher than the control group (Jagged-1 group > BMP-4 group > Shh group > control), while the cell number in each well was also highest in the Jagged-1 group (Jagged-1 group > BMP-4 group > control). The number of wells with a cell number of zero was significantly fewer in all treated groups (especially the Jagged-1 group) than in the control group; meanwhile, the number of wells with a cell number higher than 17 was evidently higher in all the treated groups (especially the BMP-4 group) more than controls. Colony-forming units for erythroid (BFU-E), granulocyte (CFU-G), macrophage (CFU-M), and granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM) were observed for all of these experimental groups, and there was no significant difference between the four experimental groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CD34 + CD38 - Lin - cell can achieve the survival, self-renewal and proliferation when cultured at single cell level, and the adding of Shh, BMP-4, and Jagged-1 can enhance such capabilities. However, CD34 + CD38 - Lin - cell can only maintain cell totipotency in its niche.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Metabolism , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 , Chemistry , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Culture Media , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Hedgehog Proteins , Chemistry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Chemistry , Jagged-1 Protein , Membrane Proteins , Chemistry , Serrate-Jagged Proteins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313862

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to investigate the origination of abnormal clones in hematopoietic cells of MDS patients. That is to say if there are abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) cells and their proportions in MDS patients. Immuno-magnetic bead technique was used to sort CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 9 MDS patients with chromosome abnormalities (four cases with trisomy 8, 1 case with trisomy 8 complex karyotype, 2 cases with 5q(-), 1 case with 5q(-)complex karyotype, 1 case with 5q(-) accompanying trisomy 8) and smears were made respectively. Then the percentage of abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) cells were compared by using FISH. The results indicated that abnormal clones were involved in the two population cells in 9 patients. The percentage of abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) cells (41.8 ± 8.4%)was obviously lower than that in CD34(+)CD38(+) cells(72.4 ± 7.7%) (p < 0.001), and the percentage of abnormal clones in karyocytes was 70.8 ± 9.2%. It is concluded the abnormal clones of bone marrow hematopoietic cells may originate from stem cell stage in MDS patients with 5q(-) and +8, and the abnormal clones are predominant at stage of progenitors.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Chromosome Aberrations , Clone Cells , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of trichostatin A(TSA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, in inhibiting the activation of CD(4)(+) T cells in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CD(4)(+) T cells isolated from the spleen of C57BL mice were treated with different concentrations of TSA (2, 20, and 200 nmol/L) for 24 h, and CD(3), CD(28) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) mRNA levels were measured with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The protein expressions of CD(3), CD(28) and IL-2 were measured by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and ELISA analysis. ZAP70 and PI3K protein expression in CD(4)(+) T cells activated by CD(3) and CD(28) monoclonal antibody were analyzed by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TSA dose-dependently inhibited the transcription and protein expression of CD28 in CD(4)(+) T cells and reduced the expression of PI3K protein in activated CD(4)(+) T cells, without showing significant effect on the expression of ZAP70. TSA treatment of the cells also resulted in significantly decreased mRNA and protein expressions of IL-2 (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TSA can regulate the immunological activity of CD(4)(+) T cells by inducing mRNA and protein expressions of CD(28), which inhibits the activation of the co-stimulatory signal transduction in CD(4)(+) T cells and decreases the secretion of IL-2.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Animals , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cell Line , Female , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Hydroxamic Acids , Pharmacology , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction
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