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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3864, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431836

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the factors associated with extubation failure of patients in the intensive care unit. Method: unpaired, longitudinal, retrospective and quantitative case-control with the participation of 480 patients through clinical parameters for ventilator weaning. Data were analyzed by: Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test; unpaired two-tailed Student's t test; and Mann-Whitney test. Significant P values lower than or equal to 0.05 were admitted. Results: of the patients, 415 (86.5%) were successful and 65 (13.5%) failed. Success group: the most negative fluid balance, APACHE II in 20 (14-25), weak cough in 58 (13.9%). Failure group: the most positive fluid balance, APACHE II in 23 (19-29), weak cough in 31 (47.7%), abundant amount of pulmonary secretions in 47.7%. Conclusion: positive fluid balance and the presence of inefficient cough or inability to clear the airway were predictors of extubation failure.


Resumo Objetivo: investigar os fatores associados à falha de extubação de pacientes na unidade de terapia intensiva. Método: caso-controle não pareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo e quantitativo com a participação de 480 pacientes por meio de parâmetros clínicos para desmame ventilatório. Dados analisados por: Teste Exato de Fisher ou o teste Qui-quadrado; teste t de Student bicaudal não pareado; e teste de Mann-Whitney. Admitiram-se significantes valores de P menores ou iguais a 0,05. Resultados: dos pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tiveram sucesso e 65 (13,5%) falharam. Grupo sucesso: balanço hídrico mais negativo, APACHE II em 20 (14-25), tosse fraca em 58 (13,9%). Grupo falha: balanço hídrico mais positivo, APACHE II em 23 (19-29), tosse fraca em 31 (47,7 %), quantidade abundante de secreção pulmonar em 47,7 %. Conclusão: o balanço hídrico positivo e a presença de tosse ineficiente ou incapacidade de higienizar a via aérea foram preditores de falhas de extubação.


Resumen Objetivo: investigar los factores asociados al fracaso de la extubación de pacientes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Método: caso y control no apareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo y cuantitativo con la participación de 480 pacientes mediante parámetros clínicos para el destete de la ventilación. Datos analizados por: Prueba Exacta de Fisher o prueba de Chi-cuadrado; prueba t de Student de dos colas para datos no apareados; y prueba de Mann-Whitney. Se admitieron valores de P significativos menores o iguales a 0,05. Resultados: de los pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tuvieron éxito y 65 (13,5%) fracasaron. Grupo de éxito: balance hídrico más negativo, APACHE II en 20 (14-25), tos débil en 58 (13,9%). Grupo de fracaso: balance de líquidos más positivo, APACHE II en 23 (19-29), tos débil en 31 (47,7%), abundante cantidad de secreciones pulmonares en 47,7%. Conclusión: el balance hídrico positivo y la presencia de tos ineficaz o incapacidad para higienizar la vía aérea fueron predictores de fracaso de la extubación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , APACHE , Bodily Secretions , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units
2.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 905, 30 Junio 2023. tabs., grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451755

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La paradoja de la obesidad propone que, en determinadas enfermedades, los enfermos con obesidad tienen menor mortalidad. OBJETIVO. Asociar el índice de masa corporal con la mortalidad a 30 días en adultos con choque séptico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, multicéntrico. Se analizaron 673 pacientes con choque séptico, ingresados en terapia intensiva de dos hospitales de la ciudad de la ciudad de Quito ­ Ecuador, durante enero 2017 - diciembre 2019. Criterios de inclusión: Mayores a 18 años, choque séptico, registro de peso, talla y condición vital al día 30. Criterios de exclusión: Orden de no reanimación, embarazadas, protocolo de donación de órganos, cuidados paliativos. Las variables se recolectaron a partir de las historias clínicas digitales y físicas de los centros participantes. Las estimaciones de riesgo calculadas se presentaron como OR (Odds Ratio) en el análisis bivariado y OR Adj (OR ajustado) para el análisis multivariado. Un valor de p <0.05 se consideró estadísticamente significativo. Todos los análisis estadísticos se realizaron usando el software estadístico R® (Versión 4.1.2). RESULTADOS. La edad promedio fue de 65 años, índice de masa corporal promedio 25,9 Kg/m2 (+4,9 Kg/m2). El 54,3% tuvo índice de masa corporal > 25 Kg/m2. La mortalidad general fue 49.2%. Sujetos con sobrepeso y obesidad tuvieron menor mortalidad, OR: 0,48 (IC 95%: 0.34, 0.68; p <0.0001) y OR 0.45 (IC 95 %: 0.28, 0.70; p =0.001) respectivamente, con similar tendencia en el análisis multivariado. Los sujetos con peso bajo tuvieron la mayor mortalidad (OR: 2.12. IC 95%: 0.91 - 5.54. p: 0.097). DISCUSIÓN. Los resultados obtenidos apoyan la teoría de paradoja de obesidad, sin embargo, no se realizó evaluación según los niveles de obesidad. CONCLUSIÓN. La mortalidad en choque séptico es menor en sujetos con sobrepeso y obesidad comparada con sujetos con peso normal o bajo peso.


The obesity paradox proposes that, in certain diseases, patients with obesity have lower mortality. OBJECTIVE. To associate body mass index with 30-day mortality in adults with septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, analytical, retrospective, multicenter, retrospective study. We analyzed 673 patients with septic shock, admitted to intensive care in two hospitals in the city of Quito - Ecuador, during January 2017 - December 2019. Inclusion criteria: older than 18 years, septic shock, weight, height and vital condition at day 30. Exclusion criteria: Do not resuscitate order, pregnant women, organ donation protocol, palliative care. Variables were collected from the digital and physical medical records of the participating centers. Calculated risk estimates were presented as OR (Odds Ratio) in bivariate analysis and OR Adj (adjusted OR) for multivariate analysis. A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. All statistical analyses were performed using R® statistical software (Version 4.1.2). RESULTS. The mean age was 65 years, mean body mass index 25.9 kg/m2 (+4.9 kg/m2). Body mass index > 25 kg/m2 was 54.3%. Overall mortality was 49.2%. Overweight and obese subjects had lower mortality, OR: 0.48 (95% CI: 0.34, 0.68; p<0.0001) and OR 0.45 (95 % CI: 0.28, 0.70; p=0.001) respectively, with similar trend in multivariate analysis. Underweight subjects had the highest mortality (OR: 2.12. 95% CI: 0.91 - 5.54. p: 0.097). DISCUSSION. The results obtained support the obesity paradox theory, however, assessment according to obesity levels was not performed. CONCLUSIONS. Mortality in septic shock is lower in overweight and obese subjects compared to normal weight or underweight subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Shock, Septic , Body Mass Index , Mortality , Critical Care , Focal Infection , Obesity , Bacterial Infections , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Tertiary Healthcare , APACHE , Ecuador , Overweight , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Protective Factors , Obesity Paradox , Intensive Care Units
3.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023214, 14 fev. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516672

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTIONn: Historically, complications of HIV infection have been related to admissions to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Despite therapeutic advances, the results of the analysis of prognostic factors in patients with HIV/AIDS have varied, including late diagnosis and failure to adhere to antiretroviral treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictors of short-term mortality in HIV-infected patients admitted to the ICU, as well as their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including patients admitted to the ICU of a teaching hospital from 2003 through 2012. Data were collected from medical records after the Institutional Review Board approval. RESULTS: 148 HIV-infected patients were identified and 131 were eligible. Among included patients, 42.75% were HIV new diagnoses and 5.34% had no information about the time of diagnosis. The main reasons for admission to the ICU were respiratory failure and sepsis while mortality was 70.23% between 2003 and 2012. Among the risk factors for mortality were low albumin, high APACHE, low CD4+ T lymphocyte count, and not using antiretroviral therapy. CONCLUSION: Despite the availability of diagnosis and treatment for HIV-infected individuals, the number of new cases of advanced Aids diagnosed in high-complexity services such as ICU is high, as well as the non-use of combination antiretroviral therapy. It is necessary to strengthen anti-HIV screening to detect and treat more cases in the early stages.


INTRODUÇÃO: Historicamente, as complicações da infecção pelo HIV estavam relacionadas às internações em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Apesar dos avanços terapêuticos, os fatores prognósticos em pacientes com HIV/AIDS têm variado, incluindo diagnóstico tardio e não adesão ao tratamento antirretroviral. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores preditores de mortalidade a curto prazo em pacientes infectados pelo HIV internados em UTI, bem como suas características sociodemográficas e clínicas. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluindo pacientes internados na UTI de um hospital universitário entre 2003 a 2012. Os dados foram coletados dos prontuários médicos após a aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. RESULTADOS: 148 pacientes infectados pelo HIV foram identificados e 131 eram elegíveis. Entre os pacientes incluídos, 42,75% possuíam diagnósticos recente de HIV e 5,34% não possuíam informação sobre o momento do diagnóstico. Os principais motivos de admissão na UTI foram insuficiência respiratória e sepse, enquanto a mortalidade foi 70,23% entre 2003 e 2012. Entre os fatores de risco para mortalidade identificou-se albumina baixa, APACHE alto, baixa contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e não uso de terapia antirretroviral. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar da disponibilidade de diagnóstico e tratamento para indivíduos infectados pelo HIV, é elevado o número de casos novos em estágio avançado de Aids diagnosticados em serviços de alta complexidade, como UTI, e o não uso de terapia antirretroviral combinada. É necessário fortalecer a triagem anti-HIV, bem como aumentar a repetição da testagem anti-HIV para detectar e tratar mais casos em estágios iniciais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/mortality , Inpatients , Intensive Care Units , CD4 Antigens , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , APACHE , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Albumins , Social Determinants of Health , Forecasting , Sociodemographic Factors
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 538-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically assess the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapy in the treatment of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP were retrieved by computer and were used to collect a randomized controlled trials (RCT) of traditional Chinese therapy for ICU-AW. The retrieval time was from databases establishment to December 2021. After 2 researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias included in the study, and RevMan 5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#334 articles were selected, totally 13 clinical studies and 982 patients were included, including 562 in the trial group and 420 in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that traditional Chinese therapy could improve clinical efficacy of ICU-AW patients [relative risk (RR) = 1.35, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.20 to 1.52, P < 0.000 01], improve the muscle strength [Medical Research Council score (MRC score); standardized mean difference (SMD) = 1.00, 95%CI was 0.67 to 1.33, P < 0.000 01], improve daily life ability [modified Barthel index score (MBI score); SMD = 1.67, 95%CI was 1.20 to 2.14, P < 0.000 01], shorten mechanical ventilation time (SMD = -1.47, 95%CI was -1.84 to -1.09, P < 0.000 01), reduce the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay [mean difference (MD) = -3.28, 95%CI was -3.89 to -2.68, P < 0.000 01], reduce the total hospitalization time (MD = -4.71, 95%CI was -5.90 to -3.53, P < 0.000 01), reduce tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α; MD = -4.55, 95%CI was -6.39 to -2.70, P < 0.000 01) and interleukin-6 (IL-6; MD = -5.07, 95%CI was -6.36 to -3.77, P < 0.000 01). There was no obvious advantage in reducing the severity of the disease [acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II; SMD = -0.45, 95%CI was -0.92 to 0.03, P = 0.07).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on the current research, traditional Chinese therapy can improve the clinical efficacy of ICU-AW, improve muscle strength and daily life ability, shorten mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay and total hospitalization time, reduce TNF-α and IL-6. But traditional Chinese therapy can not reduce the overall disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , APACHE , East Asian People , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Muscle Weakness/therapy
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a mortality prediction model for critically ill patients based on multidimensional and dynamic clinical data collected by the hospital information system (HIS) using random forest algorithm, and to compare the prediction efficiency of the model with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 10 925 critically ill patients aged over 14 years old admitted to the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to June 2020 were extracted from the HIS system, and APACHE II scores of the critically ill patients were extracted. Expected mortality of patients was calculated according to the death risk calculation formula of APACHE II scoring system. A total of 689 samples with APACHE II score records were used as the test set, and the other 10 236 samples were used to establish the random forest model, of which 10% (n = 1 024) were randomly selected as the validation set and 90% (n = 9 212) were selected as the training set. According to the time series of 3 days before the end of critical illness, the clinical characteristics of patients such as general information, vital signs data, biochemical test results and intravenous drug doses were selected to develope a random forest model for predicting the mortality of critically ill patients. Using the APACHE II model as a reference, receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn, and the discrimination performance of the model was evaluated through the area under the ROC curve (AUROC). According to the precision and recall, Precision-Recall curve (PR curve) was drawn, and the calibration performance of the model was evaluated through the area under the PR curve (AUPRC). Calibration curve was drawn, and the consistency between the predicted event occurrence probability of the model and the actual occurrence probability was evaluated through the calibration index Brier score.@*RESULTS@#Among the 10 925 patients, there were 7 797 males (71.4%) and 3 128 females (28.6%). The average age was (58.9±16.3) years old. The median length of hospital stay was 12 (7, 20) days. Most patients (n = 8 538, 78.2%) were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU), and the median length of ICU stay was 66 (13, 151) hours. The hospitalized mortality was 19.0% (2 077/10 925). Compared with the survival group (n = 8 848), the patients in the death group (n = 2 077) were older (years old: 60.1±16.5 vs. 58.5±16.4, P < 0.01), the ratio of ICU admission was higher [82.8% (1 719/2 077) vs. 77.1% (6 819/8 848), P < 0.01], and the proportion of patients with hypertension, diabetes and stroke history was also higher [44.7% (928/2 077) vs. 36.3% (3 212/8 848), 20.0% (415/2 077) vs. 16.9% (1 495/8 848), 15.5% (322/2 077) vs. 10.0% (885/8 848), all P < 0.01]. In the test set data, the prediction value of random forest model for the risk of death during hospitalization of critically ill patients was greater than that of APACHE II model, which showed by that the AUROC and AUPRC of random forest model were higher than those of APACHE II model [AUROC: 0.856 (95% confidence interval was 0.812-0.896) vs. 0.783 (95% confidence interval was 0.737-0.826), AUPRC: 0.650 (95% confidence interval was 0.604-0.762) vs. 0.524 (95% confidence interval was 0.439-0.609)], and Brier score was lower than that of APACHE II model [0.104 (95% confidence interval was 0.085-0.113) vs. 0.124 (95% confidence interval was 0.107-0.141)].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The random forest model based on multidimensional dynamic characteristics has great application value in predicting hospital mortality risk for critically ill patients, and it is superior to the traditional APACHE II scoring system.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Aged , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Critical Illness , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , APACHE , Hospital Information Systems
6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 409-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether dynamic monitoring of citrulline (Cit) has guiding value for early enteral nutrition (EN) in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.@*METHODS@#A observational study was conducted. A total of 76 patients with severe gastrointestinal injury admitted to different intensive care units of Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from February 2021 to June 2022 were enrolled. Early EN was performed in 24-48 hours after admission as recommended by the guidelines. Those who did not terminate EN after 7 days were enrolled in the early EN success group, and those who terminated EN within 7 days due to persistent feeding intolerance or deterioration of general condition were enrolled in the early EN failure group. There was no intervention during the treatment. Serum Cit levels were measured by mass spectrometry at admission, before EN starting and EN 24 hours, respectively, and the changes in Cit within EN 24 hours (ΔCit) were calculated (ΔCit = EN 24-hour Cit-Cit before EN starting). Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to investigate the predictive value of ΔCit for early EN failure, and the optimal predictive value was calculated. Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for early EN failure and death at 28 days.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-six patients were enrolled in the final analysis, of which 40 succeeded in early EN and 36 failed. There were significant differences in age, main diagnosis, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score at admission, blood lactic acid (Lac) before EN initiation and ΔCit between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 0.929, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.874-0.988, P = 0.018], ΔCit (OR = 2.026, 95%CI was 1.322-3.114, P = 0.001) and increased feeding rate within 48 hours (OR = 13.719, 95%CI was 1.795-104.851, P = 0.012) were independent risk factors for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. ROC curve analysis showed that ΔCit had a good predictive value for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.787, 95%CI was 0.686-0.887, P < 0.001], and the optimal predictive value of ΔCit was 0.74 μmol/L (sensitivity was 65.0%, specificity was 75.0%). Combined with the optimal predictive value of ΔCit, "overfeeding" was defined as ΔCit < 0.74 μmol/L and increased feeding within 48 hours. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR = 0.825, 95%CI was 0.732-0.930, P = 0.002), APACHE II score (OR = 0.696, 95%CI was 0.518-0.936, P = 0.017) and early EN failure (OR = 181.803, 95%CI was 3.916-8 439.606, P = 0.008) were independent risk factors for 28-day death in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. The new variable "overfeeding" was also associated with an increased risk of death at 28 days (OR = 27.816, 95%CI was 1.023-755.996, P = 0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dynamic monitoring of Cit has guiding value for early EN in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enteral Nutrition , Citrulline , APACHE , Abdominal Injuries , Cognition , Thoracic Injuries
7.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 391-404, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387743

ABSTRACT

Resumo O enfrentamento da covid-19 suscitou uma série de problemas na área da saúde, em razão do aumento da demanda de cuidados intensivos. Para solucionar a crise causada pela escassez de recursos de alta complexidade, a tomada de decisão tem se norteado por escores prognósticos, porém esse processo inclui uma dimensão moral, ainda que esta seja menos evidente. Mediante revisão integrativa, este artigo buscou refletir sobre a razoabilidade da utilização de indicadores de gravidade para definir a alocação de recursos escassos na saúde. Observou-se que o trabalho realizado em situações de escassez de recursos provoca sobrecarga moral, convergindo para busca por soluções padronizadas e objetivas, como a utilização de escores prognósticos. Conclui-se que seu uso isolado e indiscriminado não é eticamente aceitável e merece avaliação cautelosa, mesmo em situações emergenciais, como a da covid-19.


Abstract Facing COVID-19 caused many problems in the healthcare field, due to the rise in the intensive care demand. To solve this crisis, caused by the scarcity of resources of high complexity, decision-making has been guided by prognostic scores; however, this process includes a moral dimension, although less evident. With na integrative review, this article sought to reflect on the reasonability of using severity indicators to define the allocation of the scarce resources in healthcare. We observed that the work carried out on resource scarcity situations causes moral overload, converging to the search for standard and objective solutions, such as the use of prognostic scores. We conclude that their isolated and indiscriminate use is not ethically acceptable and deserves cautious evaluation, even in emergency situations, such as COVID-19.


Resumen La lucha contra el Covid-19 implicó una serie de problemas en el área de la salud, debido al aumento de la demanda de cuidados intensivos. Para solucionar la crisis provocada por la escasez de recursos de alta complejidad, la toma de decisiones estuvo orientada por puntuaciones pronósticas, pero este proceso incluye una dimensión moral aún menos evidente. A partir de una revisión integradora, este artículo buscó reflexionar sobre la razonabilidad de utilizar indicadores de gravedad para definir la asignación de recursos escasos en salud. El trabajo realizado en situaciones de escasez de recursos genera sobrecarga moral, llevando a la búsqueda de soluciones estandarizadas y objetivas, como el uso de puntuaciones de pronóstico. Se concluye que su uso aislado e indiscriminado no es éticamente aceptable y merece una cuidadosa evaluación, incluso en situaciones de emergencia, como la del Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Bioethics , Health Care Rationing , APACHE , Ethics , Organ Dysfunction Scores , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 337-340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935806

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the correlation of bispectral index (BIS) with the prognosis of patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCMP) and its predictive value of adverse outcomes. Methods: In March 2021, 106 ASCMP patients who were treated in Harrison International Peace Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020 were taken as research objects. All patients underwent 24-hour BIS monitoring after admission, and were divided into good prognosis group (n=75) and poor prognosis group (n=31) according to the prognosis of the patients' cranial nerve function after 60 d. The general conditions, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission and 24-hour BIS mean were compared between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations between the 24-hour BIS mean and GCS score at admission, APACHEⅡ score and coma time. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the predictive value of 24-hour BIS mean, GCS score at admission, APACHEⅡ score and coma time on adverse outcome of ASCMP patients. Results: The coma time and APACHEⅡ score of the patients in the poor prognosis group were significantly higher than those in the good prognosis group, the GCS score at admission and 24-hour BIS mean were significantly lower than those in the good prognosis group (P<0.05) . Pearson correlation analysis showed that the 24-hour BIS mean was positively correlated with the GCS score at admission, and negatively correlated with the APACHEⅡ score, coma time (r=0.675, -0.700, -0.565, P<0.001) . The 24-hour BIS mean had the highest predictive value for adverse outcome of ASCMP patients, with a cut-off value of 74, the area under the curve was 0.883 (95%CI: 0.814-0.951, P<0.001) , and the sensitivity and specificity were 73.3% and 87.1%, respectively. Conclusion: The 24-hour BIS mean has a good correlation with the acute brain nerve injury, the severity of the disease and coma time of patients with ASCMP. And it has a high predictive value for the adverse outcome in patients with ASCMP.


Subject(s)
Humans , APACHE , Brain Injuries , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/diagnosis , Coma , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1367503

ABSTRACT

Em pacientes críticos o risco nutricional e a hiperglicemia associam-se ao aumento da incidência de desfechos desfavoráveis. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do risco nutricional pelo Nutrition Risk in Critically III, versão modificada (mNUTRIC) e perfil glicêmico nos desfechos de alta, óbito e tempo de internação de pacientes críticos e verificar o impacto das ferramentas Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Disease Classification System II (APACHE II) e do Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) nesses desfechos. Método: Estudo longitudinal prospectivo desenvolvido em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Foram incluídos adultos, com tempo ≥ 48 horas de internação e com registro mínimo de duas aferições glicêmicas. Excluíram-se pacientes em cuidados paliativos, readmitidos nas UTI e gestantes. O teste Exato de Fisher e Shapiro Wilk foram utilizados para avaliar as variáveis categóricas e contínuas, respectivamente. Posteriormente, utilizou-se o teste de Mann-Whitney ou t-Student não pareado. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística e linear. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Ao avaliar 35 pacientes, 45,7% apresentaram alto risco nutricional. Foi observado associação do risco nutricional com os desfechos de alta e óbito; o SOFA associou-se ao óbito e tempo de internação. O incremento de 1 ponto no escore do SOFA aumentou a chance de óbito em 83% e tempo maior de internação em 0,49 dias. O perfil glicêmico e APACHE II não se associou aos desfechos. Conclusão: o escore SOFA foi o instrumento que apresentou associações significativas com o desfecho do óbito e maior tempo de internação de pacientes críticos


In critically ill patients, nutritional risk and hyperglycemia are associated with an increased incidence of unfavorable outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of nutritional risk by the Nutrition Risk in Critically III, modified version (mNUTRIC) and glycemic profile in the outcomes of discharge, death and length of stay in critically ill patients and to verify the impact of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Disease Classification System II (APACHE II) and the Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) tools on these outcomes. Method: Prospective longitudinal study developed in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Adults were included, with ≥ 48 hours of hospitalization and with a minimum record of two blood glucose measurements. Patients in palliative care, readmitted to ICU and pregnant women were excluded. Fisher's Exact test and Shapiro Wilk test were used to evaluate categorical and continuous variables, respectively. Subsequently, the Mann-Whitney or unpaired t-Student test was used. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results: When evaluating 35 patients, 45.7% were at high nutritional risk. An association was observed between nutritional risk and discharge and death outcomes; SOFA was associated with death and length of hospital stay. The increment of 1 point in the SOFA score increased the chance of death by 83% and a longer hospital stay by 0.49 days. Glycemic profile and APACHE II were not associated with outcomes. Conclusion: the SOFA score was the instrument that showed significant associations with the outcome of death and longer hospital stay in critically ill patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Blood Glucose , Malnutrition/physiopathology , Patient Acuity , Patient Discharge , Nutrition Surveys/methods , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , APACHE , Malnutrition/mortality , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Hyperglycemia/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
10.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 394-400, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347294

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3) como substituto do Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) como marcador de gravidade na versão modificada do escore NUTrition RIsk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC; sem interleucina 6), com base em uma análise de sua capacidade discriminativa para predição de mortalidade hospitalar. Métodos: Este estudo de coorte retrospectiva avaliou 1.516 pacientes adultos internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital geral privado entre abril de 2017 e janeiro de 2018. A avaliação de desempenho incluiu as análises Kappa de Fleiss e correlação de Pearson. A capacidade discriminativa para estimar a mortalidade hospitalar foi avaliada com a curva Característica de Operação do Receptor. Resultados: A amostra foi dividida aleatoriamente em dois terços para o desenvolvimento do modelo (n = 1.025; idade 72 [57 - 83]; 52,4% masculino) e um terço para avaliação do desempenho (n = 490; idade 72 [57 - 83]; 50,8 % masculino). A concordância com o mNUTRIC foi Kappa de 0,563 (p < 0,001), e a correlação entre os instrumentos foi correlação de Pearson de 0,804 (p < 0,001). A ferramenta mostrou bom desempenho para prever a mortalidade hospitalar (área sob a curva de 0,825 [0,787 - 0,863] p < 0,001). Conclusão: A substituição do APACHE II pelo SAPS 3 como marcador de gravidade no escore mNUTRIC mostrou bom desempenho para predizer a mortalidade hospitalar. Esses dados fornecem a primeira evidência sobre a validade da substituição do APACHE II pelo SAPS 3 no mNUTRIC como marcador de gravidade. São necessários estudos multicêntricos e análises adicionais dos parâmetros de adequação nutricional.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the substitution of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) by Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3) as a severity marker in the modified version of the NUTrition RIsk in the Critically ill score (mNUTRIC); without interleukin 6) based on an analysis of its discriminative ability for in-hospital mortality prediction. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated 1,516 adult patients admitted to an intensive care unit of a private general hospital from April 2017 to January 2018. Performance evaluation included Fleiss' Kappa and Pearson correlation analysis. The discriminative ability for estimating in-hospital mortality was assessed with the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve. Results: The sample was randomly divided into two-thirds for model development (n = 1,025; age 72 [57 - 83]; 52.4% male) and one-third for performance evaluation (n = 490; age 72 [57 - 83]; 50.8% male). The agreement with mNUTRIC was Kappa of 0.563 (p < 0.001), and the correlation between the instruments was Pearson correlation of 0.804 (p < 0.001). The tool showed good performance in predicting in-hospital mortality (area under the curve 0.825 [0.787 - 0.863] p < 0.001). Conclusion: The substitution of APACHE II by SAPS 3 as a severity marker in the mNUTRIC score showed good performance in predicting in-hospital mortality. These data provide the first evidence regarding the validity of the substitution of APACHE II by SAPS 3 in the mNUTRIC as a marker of severity. Multicentric studies and additional analyses of nutritional adequacy parameters are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Critical Illness , Simplified Acute Physiology Score , Retrospective Studies , APACHE , Intensive Care Units
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 105-109, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379260

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Validar o desempenho dos escores APACHE II e SOFA para predizer a mortalidade em pacientes com injúria renal aguda em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo observacional e retrospectivo realizado de janeiro de 2018 a setembro de 2020 em um hospital do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram incluídos 256 pacientes. Resultados: Ambos os escores apre- sentaram desempenho adequado para a discriminação da mortalidade em pacientes com injúria renal aguda (área sob a curva para APACHE II de 0,80 e para SOFA de 0,77). Conclusão: A injúria renal aguda é uma condição frequente em ambiente de unidade de terapia intensiva, e os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que ambos os índices são mais precisos quando aplicados em centros únicos e podem ser utilizados rotineiramente para predizer a mortalidade na população


Objective: To validate the performance of the APACHE II and SOFA scores to predict mortality in patients with acute kidney injury in an Intensive Care Unit. Methods: This is an observational and retrospective study conducted from January 2018 to September 2020 at a hospital in Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 256 patients were included. Results: Both scores showed adequate performance for the discrimination of mortality in acute kidney injury patients (area under the curve of 0.80 for APACHE II and 0.77 for SOFA). Conclusion: Acute kidney injury is a frequent condition in intensive care unit settings and the results of the present study suggest that both indices are more accurate when applied in single centers, and can be used routinely to predict mortality in the population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , APACHE , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Sex Distribution , Area Under Curve , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Intensive Care Units/trends
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(2): 243-250, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289081

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar a independência funcional e o grau de comprometimento pulmonar em pacientes adultos 3 meses após a alta da unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Este foi um estudo de coorte retrospectiva conduzido em uma unidade de terapia intensiva multiprofissional para pacientes adultos em um único centro. Incluíram-se pacientes admitidos à unidade de terapia intensiva entre janeiro de 2012 e dezembro de 2013 que, 3 meses mais tarde, foram submetidos à espirometria e responderam ao questionário Medida de Independência Funcional. Resultados: Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos segundo sua classificação de independência funcional e espirometria. O estudo incluiu 197 pacientes, que foram divididos entre os grupos maior dependência (n = 4), menor dependência (n = 12) e independente (n = 181). Na comparação dos três grupos com relação à classificação pela Medida de Independência Funcional, pacientes com maior dependência tinham escores Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II e Sequential Organ Failure Assessment mais altos quando da admissão à unidade de terapia intensiva, idade mais avançada, mais dias sob ventilação mecânica e tempo mais longo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e no hospital. A maioria dos pacientes apresentava comprometimento pulmonar, sendo o padrão obstrutivo o mais frequentemente observado. Na comparação da independência funcional com a função pulmonar, observou-se que, quanto pior a condição funcional, pior a função pulmonar, observando-se diferenças significantes em relação ao pico de fluxo expiratório (p = 0,030). Conclusão: Em sua maioria, os pacientes que retornaram ao ambulatório 3 meses após a alta tinham boa condição funcional, porém apresentavam comprometimento pulmonar relacionado com o grau de dependência funcional.


ABSTRACT Objective: To relate functional independence to the degree of pulmonary impairment in adult patients 3 months after discharge from the intensive care unit. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in one adult intensive care unit and a multi-professional post-intensive care unit outpatient clinic of a single center. Patients admitted to the intensive care unit from January 2012 to December 2013 who underwent (3 months later) spirometry and answered the Functional Independence Measure Questionnaire were included. Results: Patients were divided into groups according to the classification of functional independence and spirometry. The study included 197 patients who were divided into greater dependence (n = 4), lower dependence (n = 12) and independent (n = 181) groups. Comparing the three groups, regarding the classification of the Functional Independence Measure, patients with greater dependence had higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment values at intensive care unit admission with more advanced age, more days on mechanical ventilation, and longer stay in the intensive care unit and hospital. The majority of patients presented with pulmonary impairment, which was the obstructive pattern observed most frequently. When comparing functional independence with pulmonary function, it was observed that the lower the functional status, the worse the pulmonary function, with a significant difference being observed in peak expiratory flow (p = 0.030). Conclusion: The majority of patients who returned to the outpatient clinic 3 months after discharge had good functional status but did present with pulmonary impairment, which is related to the degree of functional dependence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Functional Status , Intensive Care Units , Spirometry , Retrospective Studies , APACHE
13.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e592, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280330

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A finales del 2019, un nuevo coronavirus provocó una epidemia de enfermedad respiratoria aguda en Wuhan, China. La Organización Mundial de la Salud nombró a esta enfermedad coronavirus disease 2019, el 11 de marzo de 2020 la declaró como pandemia, y se diagnosticaban los tres primeros casos de COVID-19 en Cuba. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de 20 casos positivos a SARS CoV-2 en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de cohorte y prospectivo, aplicado entre marzo y julio del 2020, en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, La Habana, Cuba. La población estuvo conformada por la totalidad de pacientes ingresados positivos a SARS CoV-2 (n= 20). Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 64,35 ± 15,21 años. El sexo masculino sobresalió. La estadía media fue 10,05 ± 5,5 días. El APACHE II medio fue de 16,6 ± 8,9. Los síntomas predominantes fueron la fiebre (55 por ciento), la tos (25 por ciento) y la disnea (20 por ciento). Conclusiones: La mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 se asoció con la edad, con el aumento de la estadía en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, elevados puntajes APACHE II, disminución de los valores de eritrosedimentación y del recuento linfocitario. La hipertensión fue el antecedente patológico más recurrente(AU)


Introduction: At the end of 2019 a new coronavirus caused an epidemic of acute respiratory disease in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization called this condition "coronavirus disease 2019" and declared it pandemic on 11 March 2020. On that same date the first three COVID-19 cases were diagnosed in Cuba. Objective: Describe the behavior of 20 SARS-CoV-2 positive cases in an intensive care unit. Methods: An observational descriptive prospective cohort study was conducted from March to July 2020 at the Intensive Care Unit of Dr Salvador Allende Clinical Surgical Hospital in Havana, Cuba. The study population was all the patients admitted for positive SARS-CoV-2 (n= 20). Results: Mean age was 64.35 ± 15.21 years. Male sex prevailed. Mean hospital stay was 10.05 ± 5.5 days. Mean APACHE II was 16.6 ± 8.9. The prevailing symptoms were fever (55 percent), coughing (25 percent) and dyspnea (20 percent). Conclusions: Mortality of COVID-19 patients was associated to age, a longer stay in the intensive care unit, high APACHE II scores, reduced erythrosedimentation values and lymphocyte count. Hypertension was the most common pathological antecedent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , APACHE , Intensive Care Units/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/prevention & control , COVID-19/complications
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(3): 220-224, Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acute pancreatitis is a rare condition in pregnancy, associated with a high mortality rate. Hypertriglyceridemia represents its second most common cause.We present the case of a 38-year-old woman in the 24th week of gestation with a history of hypertriglyceridemia and recurrent episodes of pancreatitis. She was admitted to our hospital with acute pancreatitis due to severe hypertriglyceridemia. She was stabilized and treated with fibrates. Despite her favorable clinical course, she developed a second episode of acute pancreatitis complicated by multi-organ dysfunction and pancreatic necrosis, requiring a necrosectomy. The pregnancy was ended by cesarean section, after which three plasmapheresis sessions were performed. She is currently asymptomatic with stable triglyceride levels. Acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in pregnant women, associated with serious maternal and fetal complications. When primary hypertriglyceridemia is suspected, such as familial chylomicronemia syndrome, the most important objective is preventing the onset of pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/diagnosis , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications/diagnostic imaging , APACHE , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I/complications , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I/diagnostic imaging
15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1212-1219, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a common neurological complication of sepsis. Delirium is a common symtom of SAE. The pathophysiology of SAE is still unclear, but several likely mechanisms have been proposed, such as mitochondrial and endothelial dysfunction, neurotransmission disturbances, derangements of calcium homeostasis, cerebral microcirculation dysfunction, and brain hypoperfusion. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive measure for regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO@*METHODS@#A total of 48 septic patients who admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August 2017 to May 2018, were retrospectively study. Septic shock was diagnosed according to the criteria of sepsis 3.0 defined by the American Association of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Critical Care Medicine. NIRS monitoring was performed during the first 6 hours admitted to ICU with sensors placed on the bilateral forehead of patients. The maximum (rSO@*RESULTS@#The overall 28-day mortality of septic shock patients was 47.92% (23/48), and the incidence of delirium was 18.75% (9/48). The rSO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cerebral anoxia and hyperoxia, as well as the large fluctuation of cerebral oxygen saturation are important factors that affect the outcomes and the incidence of delirium in septic shock patients, which should be paid attention to in clinical practice. Dynamic monitoring of cerebral oxygen saturation and maintain its stability may be of great significance in patients with septic shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , APACHE , Intensive Care Units , Oxygen Saturation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Shock, Septic
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10271, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142584

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the value of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in differentiating sepsis patients from healthy controls (HCs), and its correlation with inflammation, disease severity, as well as prognosis in sepsis patients. Serum samples were collected from 180 sepsis patients and 180 age- and gender-matched HCs. The SIRT1 level in the serum samples was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The clinical data of the sepsis patients were documented, and their disease severity scores and 28-day mortality rate were assessed. SIRT1 was decreased in sepsis patients compared with HCs, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) showed that SIRT1 distinguished sepsis patients from HCs (area under the curve (AUC): 0.901; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.868-0.934). In sepsis patients, SIRT1 negatively correlated with serum creatinine (Scr), white blood cells (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), acute physiology, and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, while it positively correlated with albumin. No correlation of SIRT1 with primary infection site or primary organism was observed. Furthermore, SIRT1 was reduced in 28-day non-survivors compared with 28-day survivors, and subsequent ROC showed that SIRT1 predicted 28-day mortality of sepsis patients (AUC: 0.725; 95% CI: 0.651-0.800), and its prognostic value was not inferior to Scr, albumin, WBC, and CRP, but was less than SOFA score and APACHE II score. In conclusion, measurement of serum SIRT1 might assist with the optimization of disease assessment, management strategies, and survival surveillance in sepsis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sepsis/diagnosis , Sirtuin 1/blood , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , APACHE , Organ Dysfunction Scores
17.
Rev. chil. anest ; 50(3): 403-471, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525487

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The acute liver failure on chronic (ACLF), is an entity, whose recognition is increasing. The ACLF and CLIF OF indexes have been recently presented with the objective of predicting mortality in this kind of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients admitted to the Ramón y Cajal University Hospital diagnosed of acute liver failure on chronic during 2016 and 2017 were collected. We collect the scores: SOFA, CLIF, APACHE II, SAPS II and ACLF score in patients admitted to the ICU by comparing them with each other and define which stages have worse prognosis. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients were collected. The study presents an intra ICU mortality of 31% (15/46) and a six-month mortality of 59.6% (28/46). Patients classified as death, present ACLF values ​​at admission (49.5 vs 60 p = 0.001), and at three days (46.66 vs 59.4 p = 0.001) higher than survivors. In the analysis of the ROC curve, the area under the curve in relation to six-month mortality is higher in the ACLF index (0.8) compared to the MELD (0.69) SOFA (0.66) SAPS II (0.69) or APACHE II (0.65). Patients with ACLF indexes above 65 had an intra UCI mortality of 54%, however, mortality at 6 months is 90%. Patients with ACLF values ​​greater than 65 present mean values ​​of lactic acid, leukocytes, INR or bilirubin higher than those under 65 in a statistically significant manner. CONCLUSIONS: The data presented in this study suggest that the ACLF index works as an adequate predictor of intra-ICU mortality and at 6 months.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El fallo hepático agudo sobre crónico es una entidad cuyo reconocimiento va en aumento. Los índices ACLF y CLIF OF, han sido presentados recientemente con el objetivo de predecir la mortalidad en este tipo de enfermos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se recogen todos los pacientes ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) de un hospital terciario universitario, diagnosticados de fallo hepático agudo sobre crónico durante 2016 y 2017. Recogemos los índices SOFA, CLIF, APACHE II, SAPS II Y ACLF en pacientes ingresados en UCI comparándolos entre sí. Definimos que estadios presentan peor pronóstico. RESULTADOS: Se analizan un total de 46 pacientes. El estudio presenta una mortalidad intra-UCI del 31% (15/46) y una mortalidad a los seis meses de 59,6% (28/46). Los pacientes clasificados como éxitus presentan valores ACLF al ingreso (49,5 vs 60 p = 0,001), a los tres días (46,66 vs 59,4 p = 0,001) superiores a los supervivientes. En el análisis de la curva COR, el área bajo la curva en relación a la mortalidad a los seis meses, es superior en el índice ACLF (0,8) en comparación con el MELD (0,69) SOFA (0,66) SAPS II (0,69) o APACHE II (0,65). Los pacientes con índices ACLF superiores a 65 presentaban una mortalidad intra-UCI del 54% sin embargo, la mortalidad a los 6 meses es del 90%. Los pacientes con valores ACLF superiores a 65 presentan a su vez valores medios de láctico, leucocitos, INR o bilirrubina mayores de forma estadísticamente significativa. CONCLUSIONES: Los datos presentados en este estudio sugieren que el índice ACLF funciona como un adecuado predictor de mortalidad intra-UCI y a los 6 meses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Liver Failure/diagnosis , Liver Failure/mortality , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Clinical Evolution , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Liver Failure/physiopathology , Liver Failure/pathology , APACHE , Critical Care , Organ Dysfunction Scores
18.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 398-405, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152813

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes y objetivos: El sistema de calificación APACHE II permite predecir la mortalidad intrahospitalaria en terapia intensiva. Sin embargo, no está validado para cirugía cardíaca, ya que no posee buena capacidad diferenciadora. El objetivo es determinar el valor pronóstico de APACHE II en el postoperatorio de procedimientos cardíacos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó en forma retrospectiva la base de cirugía cardíaca. Se incluyó a pacientes intervenidos entre 2017 y 2018, de los cuales se calculó la puntuación APACHE II. Se utilizó curva ROC para determinar el mejor valor de corte. El punto final primario fue mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Como puntos finales secundarios se evaluó la incidencia de bajo gasto cardíaco (BGC), accidente cerebrovascular (ACV), sangrado quirúrgico y necesidad de diálisis. Se realizó un modelo de regresión logístico multivariado para ajustar a las variables de interés. Resultados: Se analizó a 559 pacientes. La media del sistema de calificación APACHE II fue de 9.9 (DE 4). La prevalencia de mortalidad intrahospitalaria global fue de 6.1%. El mejor valor de corte de la calificación para predecir mortalidad fue de 12, con un área bajo la curva ROC de 0.92. Los pacientes con APACHE II ≥ 12 tuvieron significativamente mayor mortalidad, incidencia de BGC, ACV, sangrado quirúrgico y necesidad de diálisis. En un modelo multivariado, el sistema APACHE II se relacionó de modo independiente con mayor tasa de mortalidad intrahospitalaria (OR, 1.14; IC95%, 1.08-1.21; p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: El sistema de clasificación APACHE II demostró ser un predictor independiente de mortalidad intrahospitalaria en pacientes que cursan el postoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca.


Abstract Background and objectives: The APACHE II score allows predicting in-hospital mortality in patients admitted to intensive care units. However, it is not validated for patients undergoing cardiac surgery, since it does not have a good discriminatory capacity in this clinical scenario. The aim of this study is to determine prognostic value of APACHE II score in postoperative of cardiac surgery. Materials and methods: The study was performed using the cardiac surgery database. Patients undergoing surgery between 2017 and 2018, with APACHE II score calculated at the admission, were included. The ROC curve was used to determine a cut-off value The primary endpoint was in-hospital death. Secondary endpoints included low cardiac output (LCO), stroke, surgical bleeding, and dialysis requirement. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed to adjust to various variables of interest. Results: The study evaluated 559 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The mean of APACHE II Score was 9.9 (SD 4). The prevalence of in-hospital death was 6.1%. The best prognostic cut-off value for the primary endpoint was 12, with a ROC curve of 0.92. Patients with an APACHE II score greater than or equal to 12 had significantly higher mortality, higher incidence of LCO, stroke, surgical bleeding and dialysis requirement. In a multivariate logistic regression model, the APACHE II score was independently associated with higher in-hospital death (OR, 1.14; 95CI%, 1.08-1.21; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The APACHE II Score proved to be an independent predictor of in-hospital death in patients undergoing postoperative cardiac surgery, with a high capacity for discrimination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Prognosis , Cardiac Output, Low/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , APACHE , Stroke/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality
19.
Infectio ; 24(3): 162-168, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El volumen medio plaquetario (VMP) es un biomarcador utilizado en el abordaje integral de la sepsis. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre VMP con la mortalidad en pacientes con sepsis. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de estudios observacionales en cinco bases de datos. Se analizó la mortalidad asociada con la sepsis; las intervenciones consideradas fueron VMP, APACHE y lactato sérico. Resultados: Respecto a la mortalidad asociada a sepsis, se encontró un valor significativo en la VMP a las 72 horas (200 fallecidos versus 654 no fallecidos; MD 0.83 IC95% 0.53-1.13, p=< 0.0001, I2 =72.9%); así como el valor de APACHE II (220 muertos frente a 604 no fallecidos; MD 0.81 IC95% 0.62-1.0, p= 0.0001, I2 =32%). No se encontró significancia estadística para las demás variables clínicas. Conclusiones: El aumento de la VMP se asocia con mayor riesgo de mortalidad en pacientes con sepsis, especialmente después de 72 horas de evolución de las características clínicas.


Introduction: Platelet mean volume (MVP) is a biomarker used in the integral approach to sepsis. Objective: To assess the association between MVP and mortality in patients with sepsis. Methods: A systematic review of observational studies in five databases was performed. Mortality associated with sepsis was analysed; interventions considered were MPV, APACHE and serum lactate. Results: Regarding mortality associated with sepsis, a significant value was found in the MVP at 72 hours (200 deceased versus 654 not deceased; MD 0.83 IC95% 0.53-1.13, p=<0.0001, I2 =72.9%); as well as the value of APACHE II (220 dead versus 604 not deceased; MD 0.81 IC95% 0.62-1.0, p= 0.0001, I2 =32%). No statistical significance was found for the other clinical variables. Conclusions: Increased MVP is associated with increased risk of mortality in patients with sepsis, especially after 72 hours of evolution of clinical features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mortality , Sepsis , Mean Platelet Volume , APACHE , Lactic Acid , Critical Care
20.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(1): 9-15, Fev. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151942

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A avaliação do risco de morte e o tempo estimado de permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) é uma prática clínica relevante para predizer a gravidade da doença e traçar estratégias eficazes para a melhora do paciente e dos indicadores de qualidade do hospital. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a confiabilidade do escore APACHE IV como preditor de mortalidade e tempo de permanência em uma UTI do sul do estado do Tocantins. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Pesquisa de caráter descritivo e quali-quantitativo realizada nos prontuários dos pacientes internados em uma UTI do sul do estado do Tocantins. Foram colhidas informações nos prontuários e aplicado o escore APACHE IV nos pacientes internados na UTI do sul do estado do Tocantins. no período de 24 de Outubro a 26 de Novembro de 2018. Foram excluídos os pacientes com período de internação inferior a 24 horas, que não realizaram todos os exames necessários para o APACHE IV, que foram transferidos do setor ou que não tiveram alta ou óbito ao final dessa pesquisa. Foi utilizado o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman para examinar a relação entre o escore APACHE-IV e o tempo de internação na UTI e para verificar a acurácia do APACHE-IV para mortalidade, à curva Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) com uma atribuição de 'bom'> 0,80. RESULTADOS: O escore APACHE IV foi aplicado em dez pacientes, sendo que este superestimou o período de permanência dos pacientes internados na UTI em estudo, com p<0,001 e a mortalidade geral, com diferença absoluta de 20% (p= 0,447). CONCLUSÃO: Baseada neste estudo, o APACHE IV não demonstrou confiabilidade para predição de mortalidade e tempo de permanência, porém a amostra insuficiente pode ter contribuído com esta conclusão.


INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the risk of death and the estimated length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a relevant clinical practice to predict the severity of the disease and to outline effective strategies for patient improvement and hospital quality indicators. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of the APACHE IV score as a predictor of mortality and length of stay in a ICU in the southern state of Tocantins. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a descriptive and qualitative research conducted in the medical records of patients hospitalized in a suppressed ICU. Information was collected from the medical records and the APACHE IV score was applied to patients hospitalized in the ICU of the SUPRIMIDO from October 24 to November 26, 2018. Patients with hospitalization less than 24 hours who did not undergo all necessary examinations were excluded. for APACHE IV, who were transferred from the sector or who were not discharged or died at the end of this survey. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationship between the APACHE-IV score and ICU length of stay and to verify the accuracy of APACHE-IV for mortality, to the Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curve with an assignment of ' good '> 0.80. RESULTS: The APACHE IV score was applied to ten patients, which overestimated the length of stay of ICU patients, with p <0.001 and overall mortality, with an absolute difference of 20%. (p = 0.447). CONCLUSION: Based on this study, APACHE IV did not show reliability for predicting mortality and length of stay, but the insufficient sample may have contributed to this conclusion.


Subject(s)
APACHE , Mortality , Intensive Care Units
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