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Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 291-300, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439618


Abstract Introduction: Increasing abdominal pressures could affect pulmonary compliance and cardiac performance, a fact based on which the aim of the present study to detect the cardiopulmonary burden of multiple retractors application during supine versus lateral abdominal surgeries. We hypothesized that surgical ring multiple retractors application would affect the pulmonary and cardiac functions during both lateral and supine abdominal surgeries. Methods: Prospective observational comparative study on forty surgical patients subdivided into two groups twenty each, comparing pulmonary compliance and cardiac performance before, during and after retractors application, group (S) supine position cystectomy surgery, and group (L) lateral position nephrectomy surgery under general anesthesia, Composite 1ry outcome; dynamic compliance C-dyn and cardiac index CI and Other outcome variables ICON cardio-meter were also recorded. Results: C-dyn and C-stat were significantly decreased late during retractor application in lateral compared to supine surgery with significant decrease compared to basal values all over the surgical time. CI was significantly increased after retractor removal in both of the study groups compared to basal values. PAW P was significantly increased in -lateral compared to supine surgery -with significant increase compared to basal value all over the surgical time in both of the study groups. significant increase in DO2I compared to basal value during both supine and lateral positions. Conclusion: Surgical retraction results in a short-lived significant decreases in lung compliance and cardiac output particularly during the lateral-kidney position than the supine position compliance.

Humans , Abdomen/surgery , Anesthesia, General/methods , Cardiac Output , Lung Compliance , Supine Position
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, SES-GO, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1425650


Tecnologia: Enoxaparina comparada à profilaxia mecânica e/ou outros medicamentos disponíveis ou não no SUS. Indicação: Profilaxia de Tromboembolismo Venoso (TEV) em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de abdome, pelve e varizes. Pergunta: Há superioridade em eficácia e segurança da enoxaparina (heparina de baixo peso molecular - HBPM) comparada à profilaxia mecânica e a outros medicamentos disponíveis ou não no SUS para prevenção de TEV em pacientes acima de 18 anos, não gestantes, em pós-operatório de cirurgias eletivas de abdome, pelve e varizes? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas quatro e incluídas duas revisões sistemáticas com metanálise. Conclusão: HBPM no pós-operatório de cirurgia abdominal e pelve reduziu a incidência de TEV geral e TEV sintomático, sem aumentar risco de sangramento e mortalidade. Nas cirurgias de veias varicosas, foi observado uma redução de todos os eventos trombóticos e risco de TVP, sem aumentar risco de sangramento

Technology: Enoxaparin compared to mechanical prophylaxis and/or other drugs available or not in the SUS. Indication: Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing surgery of the abdomen, pelvis and varicose veins. Question: There is superiority in efficacy and safety of enoxaparin, compared to mechanical prophylaxis and other drugs available or not in the SUS, for the prevention of VTE for patients over 18 years old, non-pregnant in the postoperative period of elective surgeries of the abdomen, pelvis and varicose veins? Methods: Rapid review of evidence (overview) from systematic reviews, with a bibliographic search in the PUBMED database, using a structured strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed with AMSTAR-2 (Methodological Quality Assessment of Systematic Reviews). Results: Four were selected and two systematic reviews with meta-analysis were included. Conclusion: LMWH in the postoperative period of abdominal and pelvic surgery reduced the incidence of general VTE and symptomatic VTE, without increasing the risk of bleeding and mortality. In varicose vein surgeries, a reduction in all thrombotic events and risk of DVT was observed, without increasing the risk of bleeding

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Venous Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Pelvis/surgery , Varicose Veins/surgery , Comparative Study , Efficacy , Abdomen/surgery
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 236-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981921


Blunt bowel injury (BBI) is relatively rare but life-threatening when delayed in surgical repair or anastomosis. Providing enteral nutrition (EN) in BBI patients with open abdomen after damage control surgery is challenging, especially for those with discontinuity of the bowel. Here, we report a 47-year-old male driver who was involved in a motor vehicle collision and developed ascites on post-trauma day 3. Emergency exploratory laparotomy at a local hospital revealed a complete rupture of the jejunum and then primary anastomosis was performed. Postoperatively, the patient was transferred to our trauma center for septic shock and hyperbilirubinemia. Following salvage resuscitation, damage control laparotomy with open abdomen was performed for abdominal sepsis, and a temporary double enterostomy (TDE) was created where the anastomosis was ruptured. Given the TDE and high risk of malnutrition, multiple portions EN were performed, including a proximal portion EN support through a nasogastric tube and a distal portion EN via a jejunal feeding tube. Besides, chyme delivered from the proximal portion of TDE was injected into the distal portion of TDE via a jejunal feeding tube. Hyperbilirubinemia was alleviated with the increase in chyme reinfusion. After 6 months of home EN and chyme reinfusion, the patient finally underwent TDE reversal and abdominal wall reconstruction and was discharged with a regular diet. For BBI patients with postoperative hyperbilirubinemia who underwent open abdomen, the combination of multiple portions EN and chyme reinfusion may be a feasible and safe option.

Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Enteral Nutrition , Intestines/surgery , Intestinal Diseases , Abdomen/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 207-214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971253


Open abdomen therapy is an effective treatment to deal with severe abdominal infections, abdominal hypertension and other critical abdominal diseases. However, this therapy is difficult to implement and has many uncertainties in the timing, manners, and follow-up treatment, which leads to the fact that open abdomen therapy is not very accessible and standardized in medical systems of China. This consensus aims to provide guiding principles for indications and implementation of open abdomen, classification methods of open abdomen wounds, technologies for abdominal closure, and management of enteroatmospheric fistula, so as to improve the accessibility and success rate of open abdomen in China.

Humans , Abdomen/surgery , Consensus , Intestinal Fistula/therapy , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Open Abdomen Techniques
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 154-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971246


As the main cause of secondary operation and postoperative death, the incidence of intraperitoneal infectious complications varies significantly in different medical centers in China. Due to the lack of national data, it is not possible to assess and develop appropriate diagnosis and treatment strategies properly. To provide a high-quality data platform for complication registration and clinical research, a multicenter prospective database for the Prevalence of Abdominal Complications After GastroEnterological surgery was established. Based on the Hospital Information System (HIS)of 20 medical centers in China, the electronic case reporting form (e-CRF) listed on the website was used to collect medical information of patients undergoing gastric or colorectal cancer surgery. The data were verified by on-site auditing, and data cleaning was performed by R software. After the data cleaning, the data in the database was checked and evaluated by the principle investigators and data administrators. When all data queries and questions were corrected and answered, the database was locked to establish a multicenter prospective database for postoperative abdominal infectious complications (the PACAGE database). The PACAGE database has rich information resources and high data quality and is a good data platform for complication registration and clinical research.

Humans , Prevalence , Data Accuracy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Abdomen/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 422023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536301


Introducción: El desacondicionamiento físico se asocia con disminución en la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, aumento en el contenido de grasa corporal, e imbalances en respuesta inflamatoria, todos ellos factor de riesgo frente a la agresión de una intervención quirúrgica mayor. El valor de consumo de oxígeno (VO2max), el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y los valores plasmáticos de citoquinas de pacientes programados para una intervención quirúrgica mayor abdominal a menudo no se tienen en cuenta en la valoración prequirúrgica. Objetivo: Determinar la condición física e inflamatoria de pacientes que se trataron con una intervención quirúrgica mayor abdominal. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva. Muestra por conveniencia de pacientes que se trataron con una intervención quirúrgica mayor abdominal en dos hospitales de Manizales (Colombia). Previo a la intervención, se midió VO2max, el IMC y valores de citoquinas. Resultados: Participaron en el estudio 6 hombres y 48 mujeres. Los valores promedio del VO2max se categorizaron como bajos. Se encontraron valores altos de IMC, del receptor antagonista de IL-1 (IL-1 Ra) y del factor neutrotrófico derivado del cerebro (BDNF). No se hallaron diferencias significativas en los valores promedio de VO2max, de IL-1Ra y de BDNF entre los grupos. Los pacientes programados para intervención quirúrgica ginecológica y gastrointestinal tuvieron sobrepeso y los programados para intervención quirúrgica bariátrica fueron obesos mórbidos. Conclusión: Pacientes programados para una intervención quirúrgica mayor abdominal presentan valores bajos de VO2max para la edad y altos de IMC. Se hallaron valores altos de IL-1Ra y de BDNF asociadas a obesidad y a posible antiinflamación(AU)

Introduction: Physical deconditioning is associated with, a decrease in cardiorespiratory capacity, an increase in body fat content and imbalances in the inflammatory response, all of which are risk factors for the aggression of a major surgical intervention. The oxygen consumption value (VO2max), body mass index (BMI), and plasma cytokine values of patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery are often not taken into account in the presurgical evaluation. Objective: To determine the physical and inflammatory condition of patients who were treated with a major abdominal surgery. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive research. Convenience sample of patients who underwent major abdominal surgery in two hospitals in Manizales (Colombia). Prior to the intervention, VO2max, BMI and cytokine values were measured. Results: 6 men and 48 women participated in the study. Average VO2max values were categorized as low. High values of BMI, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 Ra) and brain derived neutrotrophic factor (BDNF) were found. No significant differences were found in the mean VO2max, IL-1Ra and BDNF values between the groups. Patients scheduled for gynecological and gastrointestinal surgery were overweight and those scheduled for bariatric surgery were morbidly obese. Conclusion: Patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery have low VO2max values for age and high BMI. High IL-1Ra and BDNF values were found associated with obesity and possible anti-inflammation(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Abdomen/surgery , Anesthesia/adverse effects
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 885, 30 Diciembre 2022. tabs, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415670


La peritonitis es una inflamación aguda o crónica del peritoneo que generalmente tiene un origen infeccioso. Existen varios tipos, siendo la de tipo secundario la más frecuente. El término peritonitis secundaria se define como la inflamación localizada o generalizada de la membrana peritoneal causada por infección polimicrobiana posterior a la ruptura traumática o espontánea de una víscera o secundaria a la dehiscencia de anastomosis intestinales. Esta entidad se caracteriza por la presencia de pus en la cavidad peritoneal o de líquido; que, en el estudio microscópico directo, contiene leucocitos y bacterias. El tratamiento de esta patología constituye una urgencia y puede ser de tipo clínico y/o quirúrgico. El objetivo del manejo operatorio se basa en identificar y eliminar la causa de la infección, recoger muestras microbiológicas, realizar una limpieza peritoneal y prevenir la recidiva. El tratamiento clínico se ocupa de las consecuencias de la infección mediante la reanimación perioperatoria y el tratamiento antibiótico1. A pesar de los avances en diagnóstico, procedimientos quirúrgicos, terapia antimicrobiana y cuidados intensivos, la mortalidad asociada con la peritonitis secundaria grave es aún muy alta. El pronóstico y el manejo oportuno representan la clave para mejorar la sobrevida y reducir la mortalidad asociada a infecciones intraabdominales extensas2. Es importante establecer lineamientos en cuanto al diagnóstico, manejo antibiótico y pautas de tratamiento quirúrgico para disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad asociada a esta enfermedad. Palabras clave: Peritonitis; Peritoneo; Cavidad Abdominal/cirugía; Cavidad Peritoneal; Líquido Ascítico/patología; Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Operativos.

Peritonitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the peritoneum that generally has an infectious origin. There are several types, with secondary peritonitis being the most frequent. The term secondary peritonitis is defined as localized or generalized inflammation of the peritoneal membrane caused by polymicrobial infection following traumatic or spontaneous rupture of a viscus or secondary to dehiscence of intestinal anastomoses. This entity is characterized by the presence of pus in the peritoneal cavity or fluid which, on direct microscopic examination, contains leukocytes and bacteria. The treatment of this pathology constitutes an emergency and can be clinical and/or surgical. The aim of operative management is based on identifying and eliminating the cause of the infection, collecting microbiological samples, performing peritoneal cleansing and preventing recurrence. Clinical management deals with the consequences of the infection by perioperative resuscitation and antibiotic treatment1 . Despite advances in diagnosis, surgical procedures, antimicrobial therapy and intensive care, mortality associated with severe secondary peritonitis is still very high. Prognosis and timely management represent the key to improving survival and reducing mortality associated with extensive intra-abdominal infections2. It is important to establish guidelines for diagnosis, antibiotic management and surgical treatment guidelines to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease.

Humans , Male , Female , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritoneum , Peritonitis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Ascitic Fluid/pathology , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , General Surgery , Bacterial Infections , Viscera , Clinical Protocols , Medication Therapy Management , Intraabdominal Infections , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 42-51, feb. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388629


OBJETIVO: Identificar la presencia de infección de sitio quirúrgico y factores de riesgo en pacientes sometidas a cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas de forma programada o de urgencia en un hospital de II nivel de atención en Honduras. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo; recopilando 226 fichas del registro de infección de sitio quirúrgico recuperadas de los expedientes clínicos brindados por el servicio de estadística del Hospital Mario Catarino Rivas. Captando pacientes sometidas a cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas, durante el 2017 y 2018. RESULTADOS: 99 fichas cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, reportando una edad de 24 años [RIQ, 19,0 - 30,0], peso 82,0 kg [RIQ, 51,7 - 98,25], talla 154 cm [150,0 - 158,0] y el IMC de 25,8 ± 3,6 kg/m2. Un 9,1% presento antecedentes de inmunosupresión. 5,1% presento ISQ. El 55.6% de las cirugías se realizó el mismo día de ingreso del paciente. El tiempo entre la profilaxis antibiótica y el comienzo de la intervención quirúrgica es de 60 minutos [RIQ, 40,0 - 160,0]. La duración de los procedimientos quirúrgicos son de 45 minutos [RIQ, 35,0 - 55,0]. Los microrganismos aislados en los cultivos fueron Cocos gram positivos (2/5), Enterococcus faecalis (1/5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2/5). CONCLUSIÓN: La presencia de ISQ en cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas del HMCR es del 5.1%, identificando los siguientes factores de riesgo: edad extrema, obesidad, diabetes mellitus, estado inmunitario (VIH), profilaxis antibiótica (temprana); por último, la técnica y el tiempo quirúrgico.

OBJECTIVE: To identify the presence of surgical site infection and risk factors in patients undergoing Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries on a scheduled or emergency basis in a 2nd level of care hospital in Honduras. METHODOLOGY: Observational, descriptive, retrospective study, compiling 226 data sheets of the surgical site infection record recovered from the clinical records provided by the statistics service of the "Hospital Mario Catarino Rivas". Recruiting patients undergoing Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries, during 2017 and 2018. RESULTS: 99 tabs met the inclusion criteria, reporting an age of 24 [RIQ, 19.0 - 30.0], weight 82.0 kg [RIQ, 51.7 - 98.25], size 154 cm [150.0 - 158.0] and BMI of 25.8 ± 3.6 kg/m2. 9.1% have a history of immunosuppression. 5.1% present ISQ. 55.6% of surgeries were performed on the same day as the patient's admission. The time between antibiotic prophylaxis and the onset of surgery 60 minutes [RIQ, 40.0 - 160.0]. Duration of surgical procedures 45 minutes [RIQ, 35.0 - 55.0]. Isolated micro-morphisms in crops were Cocos gram positives (2/5), Enterococcus faecalis (1/5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2/5). CONCLUSION: The presence of ISQ in HMCR Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries is 5.1%, identifying the following risk factors: extreme age, obesity, diabetes mellitus, immune status (HIV), early antibiotic prophylaxis; finally, technique and surgical time.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Obstetric Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gram-Positive Cocci/isolation & purification , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Surgical Wound/microbiology , Abdomen/surgery , Honduras , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Laparotomy/adverse effects
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1161-1166, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255129


Objetivo: Investigar o jejum prolongado em pacientes que submeteram-se a procedimentos cirúrgicos abdominais e do trato gastrointestinal com uso de anestesia geral, e as possíveis complicações no pré, intra e pós-operatório. Método: um estudo exploratório-descritivo, com recorte transversal retrospectivo-documental e abordagem quali-quantitativa, realizado num Hospital Federal do Rio de Janeiro, com análise documental referente ao período de janeiro de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado: houve uma grande variação no tempo de jejum pré-operatório, 0,3% dos pacientes fizeram jejum até 8 horas e 11,3% até 12 horas, alguns casos chegaram a fazer mais de 24 horas de jejum. Conclusão: foi perceptível que dentre prontuários analisados, os pacientes permaneceram em jejum perioperatório muito superiores fora dos padrões de segurança estipulados, gerando intercorrências que causam desconforto ao paciente, prejudicam a reabilitação, aumentam o tempo de internação e oneram o sistema

Objective:To investigate prolonged fasting in patients who underwent abdominal and gastrointestinal surgical procedures with general anesthesia, and possible complications in the pre, intra and postoperative periods. Method: an exploratory-descriptive study, with retrospective-documental cross-section and qualitative-quantitative approach, performed at a Federal Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, with documentary analysis from January 2013 to April 2018. Result: there was a great variation in time of preoperative fasting, with 0.3% of patients fasted for up to 8 hours and 11.3% for up to 12 hours, some cases reaching more than 24 hours fasting. Conclusion: Patients were found to be in perioperative fasting far beyond the stipulated safety standards, generating complications that cause discomfort to the patient, impair rehabilitation, increase length of hospital stay, and burden the system

Objetivo: Investigar el ayuno prolongado en pacientes que se sometieron a procedimientos quirúrgicos abdominales y del tracto gastrointestinal con uso de anestesia general, y las posibles complicaciones en el pre, intra y postoperatorio. Metodo: un estudio exploratório y descriptivo, con recorte transversal retrospectivo y documental con el abordaje cuali y cuantitativo, realizado en un Hospital Federal de Rio de Janeiro, con análisis documental referente al período de enero de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado:ocorrió una gran variación en el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio, 0,3% de los pacientes hicieron ayuno hasta 8 horas y 11,3% hasta 12 horas, algunos casos llegaron a hacer más de 24 horas de ayuno. Conclusión: fue notable que entre los prontuarios analizados, los pacientes permanecieron en ayuno perioperatorio muy superiores fuera de los estándares de seguridad estipulados, generando intercurrencias que causan incomodidad al paciente, perjudican la rehabilitación, aumentan el tiempo de internación y el sistema

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Fasting , Perioperative Care/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/surgery , Abdomen/surgery , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e631, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1138884


Introducción: El aumento de la expectativa de vida determina un incremento en la incidencia de enfermedades con indicación quirúrgica. El avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas, los cuidados intensivos y el conocimiento más profundo del proceso de envejecimiento tiende a favorecer la disminución de la morbimortalidad perioperatoria del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes geriátricos durante la cirugía abdominal mayor electiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal a 373 pacientes geriátricos programados para intervención quirúrgica abdominal mayor desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019 en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez. Se registró la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias relacionándolas con las variables de estudio. Resultados: Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las cardiovasculares. La mortalidad fue escasa. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones perioperatorias detectadas en los pacientes geriátricos estudiados, se relacionan con las enfermedades previas, el tipo y la envergadura de la cirugía y con el tiempo quirúrgico(AU)

Introduction: The increase in life expectancy determines an increase in the incidence of diseases with surgical indication. Advances in surgical techniques, intensive care and deeper understanding of the aging process tend to favor the reduction of perioperative morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications among geriatric patients during elective major abdominal surgery. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with 373 geriatric patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery from January 2017 to December 2019 at Dr. Miguel Enríquez Clinical-Surgical Hospital. The incidence of perioperative complications was recorded, relating them to the study variables. Results: The most frequent complications were the cardiovascular ones. Mortality was low. Conclusions: The perioperative complications identified among the geriatric patients studied are related with previous diseases, with the type and extent of surgery, and with the surgical time(AU)

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Perioperative Care/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Intraoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 471-476, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143969


Abstract Background: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a multifactorial surgical complication with an unclear underlying cause. Anesthetic methods, patients' characteristics and the type of surgery are considered as factors affecting PONV. This study was designed to compare the effect of inhalational and intravenous anesthesia in abdominal surgery on the incidence and severity of PONV. Methods: A single-blinded prospective randomized clinical trial on 105 patients aged 18 − 65 years was carried out. Patients were divided into two groups of Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA) and inhalational anesthesia. The incidence and the severity of PONV were examined at 0, 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours after the surgery. The use of a rescue antiemetic was also evaluated. Results: 50.9% of the patients in the inhalation group and 17.3% of the patients in the intravenous group developed PONV (p < 0.001). The incidence of vomiting was reported in 11.3% of the inhalational group and 3.8% of the TIVA group (p = 0.15). 24.5% of patients in the inhalation group and 9.6% of patients in the intravenous group needed an antiemetic medication (p = 0.043). Conclusion: The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and the need for administration of an antiemetic rescue drug and the severity of nausea in patients were significantly lower in the TIVA group.

Resumo Justificativa: Náusea e Vômito no Pós-Operatório (NVPO) é uma complicação multifatorial com etiologia não esclarecida. A técnica anestésica, as características dos pacientes e o tipo de cirurgia são considerados fatores que afetam a NVPO. O presente estudo foi desenhado para comparar o efeito da anestesia inalatória com anestesia intravenosa na incidência e gravidade de NVPO na cirurgia abdominal. Método: Foi realizado estudo clínico mono-cego prospectivo randomizado com 105 pacientes com idades de 18 − 65 anos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos, Anestesia Total Intravenosa (TIVA) e anestesia inalatória. A incidência e gravidade de NVPO foram avaliadas em cinco momentos: 0, 2, 6, 12 e 24 horas pós-cirurgia. O uso de antiemético de resgate também foi avaliado. Resultados: NVPO ocorreu em 50,9% dos pacientes no grupo inalatória e 17,3% dos pacientes no grupo TIVA (p< 0,001). A incidência de vômitos relatados foi 11,3% no grupo Inalatória e 3,8% no grupo TIVA (p = 0,15). Necessitaram de medicação antiemética 24,5% dos pacientes no grupo Inalatória e 9,6% dos pacientes no grupo TIVA (p = 0.043). Conclusão: A incidência de náusea e vômito no pós-operatório, a necessidade de administração de droga antiemética de resgate e a gravidade da náusea foram significantemente mais baixas no grupo TIVA.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Inhalation/administration & dosage , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Laparotomy/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Single-Blind Method , Incidence , Anesthetics, Intravenous/adverse effects , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Abdomen/surgery , Middle Aged , Antiemetics/administration & dosage
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1742-1750, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131554


Objetivou-se, com este estudo, avaliar o processo de cicatrização da musculatura reto-abdominal em coelhos submetidos à laparorrafia, utilizando-se o fio de sutura à base de quitosana, comparando-o aos fios de categute cromado e poliglactina 910. Foram utilizados 24 coelhos adultos, divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos: quitosana e categute 15 dias (QC-15dias), quitosana e categute 30 dias (QC-30 dias), quitosana e poliglactina 910 15 dias (QP-15 dias) e quitosana e poliglactina 910 30 dias (QP-30 dias). Cada grupo foi composto por seis coelhos, nos quais foram realizadas duas incisões, uma do lado direito e outra do lado esquerdo e, posteriormente, a laparorrafia, com o fio de quitosana de um lado e o categute cromado ou poliglactina 910 do outro. Realizou-se análise clínico-cirúrgica, histológica e avaliação de achados de necropsia, além de testes de citotoxicidade e de mecânica no fio de quitosana. Ele apresentou baixa resistência mecânica e citotóxica. O fio de quitosana não proporcionou uma cicatrização satisfatória em coelhos, pois desencadeou uma resposta inflamatória acentuada.(AU)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the healing process of the recto-abdominal muscles in rabbits submitted to laparorrhaphy using chitosan-based suture yarn, comparing it to chrome catgut and polyglactin 910 yarns. Twenty-four adult rabbits were divided in to four random groups: chitosan and polyglactin 910 15 days (QP-15 days) and chitosan and polyglactin 910 30 days (QC-30 days), chitosan and polyglactin 910 15 days (QP-15 days) QP-30 days). Each group consisted of six rabbits, in which two incisions were made, one on the right side and one on the left side, and later the laparorraphy with the chitosan yarn on one side and chromed catgut or polyglactin 910 on the other. Clinical-surgical, histological and necropsy findings were evaluated, as well as cytotoxicity and mechanical tests on the chitosan wire. It presented low mechanical and cytotoxic resistance. Chitosan thread did not provide satisfactory healing in rabbits, as it triggered a marked inflammatory response.(AU)

Animals , Rabbits , Polyglactin 910/analysis , Sutures/veterinary , Wound Healing , Catgut/veterinary , Chitosan , Rectum/surgery , Suture Techniques/veterinary , Laparoscopy/veterinary , Guided Tissue Regeneration/veterinary , Abdomen/surgery
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(5): 313-315, 20200000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367299


Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. The most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. This pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay.

Humans , Female , Aged , Gallstones , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Abdomen/surgery , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1419-1424, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880601


OBJECTIVES@#Bispectral index (BIS) can reflect the depth of propofol sedation. This study aims to compare the anesthetic satisfaction, anesthetic dose, and hemodynamic changes between closed-loop target controlled infusion (CLTCI) and open-loop target controlled infusion (OLTCI) during abdominal surgery.@*METHODS@#From December 2016 to December 2018, 70 patients undergoing abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were selected in Beijing Hospital, including 51 males and 19 females, at the age from 49 to 65 years old. They were classified as grade I-II by the American Society of anesthesiologists (ASA) and were randomly divided into the CLTCI group and the OLTCI group (@*RESULTS@#In the induction stage, the percentage of adequate anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was higher than that in the OLTCI group, and the percentage of deep anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was significantly lower than that in the OLTCI group (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with propofol OLTCI, anesthesia with propofol CLTCI under BIS guidance can maintain a more appropriate depth of anesthesia sedation and more stable hemodynamics.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen/surgery , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Electroencephalography , Propofol , Remifentanil , Surgical Procedures, Operative
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 252-256, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1047924


Objetivo: avaliar a influência das orientações em saúde nas complicações no pós-operatório de cirurgias torácicas e abdominais altas. Método: estudo quantitativo transversal realizado com 266 indivíduos. Os dados foram coletados por um questionário sociodemográfico, clínico e assistencial. Foram incluídos sujeitos de ambos os sexos, com faixa etária de 18 a 80 anos, que estivessem na enfermaria em pós-operatório de cirurgias torácicas e ou abdominais altas. Resultados: 82 (30%) dos indivíduos receberam orientações no período de pós-operatório e 184 (70%) não receberam nenhum tipo de orientação. Quatro dos sujeitos que receberam orientações desenvolveram algum tipo de complicação e 16 dos que não receberam tiveram complicações; não apresentando resultados estatisticamente significativos quanto aos pesquisados que tiveram orientação e os que não tiveram orientações (p=0,4). Conclusão: em relação ao número de complicações, ao comparar os indivíduos que receberam orientações com os que não receberam não houve resultado estatisticamente significativo

Objective: to evaluate correlation between health guidelines and complications in the postoperative period after thoracic and upper abdominal surgeries. Method: a cross-sectional quantitative study with 266 individuals. Data were collected by a sociodemographic, clinical and care questionnaire. We included subjects of both sexes, with ages ranging from 18 to 80 years, who were in the postoperative ward after thoracic and/ or upper abdominal surgeries. Results: 82 (30%) of the subjects received guidance in the postoperative period and 184 (70%) received no guidance. Four of the subjects who received guidelines developed some type of complication while 16 of those who did not receive guidance developed complications; therefore, the results were not statistically significant (p=0,4). Conclusion: in relation to the number of complications, when comparing individuals who received guidelines with those who did not receive, there was no statistically significant result

Objetivo: evaluar la influencia de las orientaciones en salud en las complicaciones en el postoperatorio de cirugías torácicas y abdominales altas. Metodo: estudio cuantitativo transversal realizado con 266 individuos. Los datos fueron recolectados por un cuestionario sociodemográfico, clínico y asistencial. Se incluyeron sujetos de ambos sexos, con rango de edad de 18 a 80 años, que estuvieran en la enfermería en postoperatorio de cirugías torácicas y / o abdominales alta. Resultados: 82 (30%) de los individuos recibieron orientaciones en el período de postoperatorio y 184 (70%) no recibieron ningún tipo de orientación. Cuatro de los sujetos que recibieron orientaciones, desarrollaron algún tipo de complicación y 16 de los que no recibieron tuvieron complicaciones; no presentando resultados estadísticamente significativos en cuanto a los encuestados que tuvieron orientación y los que no tuvieron orientaciones (p=0,4). Conclusión: en relación al número de complicaciones, al comparar a los individuos que recibieron orientaciones con los que no recibieron no hubo resultado estadísticamente significativo

Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Care/education , Postoperative Care/statistics & numerical data , Thoracic Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery , Postoperative Care/adverse effects , Postoperative Care/nursing , Perioperative Nursing , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923


Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Suction , Surgery, Plastic , Drainage , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Suction/methods , Suction/statistics & numerical data , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgery, Plastic/statistics & numerical data , Drainage/methods , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/therapy , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdominoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 524-530, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047920


A obesidade mórbida se caracteriza por acúmulo de tecido adiposo que se distribui de maneira heterogênea em todo o organismo, tendo a gastroplastia como o mais recente método de tratamento cirúrgico. Após perda considerável de peso, o doente apresenta sobras cutâneas, sob essas sobras acumulam-se secreções que favorecem a instalação de infecções cutâneas que podem ser minimizadas com a execução de dermolipectomias. Os autores descrevem a técnica de lipoabdominoplastia em âncora, adaptando os princípios de descolamento reduzido do retalho, lipoaspiração de abdome e flancos, e preservação da fáscia de Scarpa infraumbilical associado à marcação pré-cirúrgica em "Fleur-de-Lis". A técnica foi realizada em 17 pacientes em pós-operatório tardio de gastroplastia, entre janeiro de 2018 e junho de 2019, com idade entre 35 a 66 anos, sendo 16 pacientes do sexo feminino e 1 do sexo masculino. Todos os pacientes foram operados com exames pré-operatórios dentro da normalidade, condições clínicas satisfatórias e IMC<30. Na presente série de casos, um paciente apresentou epidermólise de coto umbilical; todos os pacientes apresentaram edema e equimoses, e um paciente apresentou seroma no 13º dia de pós-operatório. Hematoma, necrose, infecção, deiscência de ferida operatória ou eventos tromboembólicos não foram observados em nenhum paciente. A técnica demostrou ser segura e eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com excedente cutâneo abdominal, com melhora do contorno corporal, porém há necessidade de maior tempo de acompanhamento pós-operatório e maior número de casos operados para melhor mensurar os resultados, bem como a incidência de complicações.

Morbid obesity is characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissues distributed heterogeneously throughout the body, and gastroplasty is the latest method of surgical treatment. After considerable weight loss, patients present with excess skin under which secretions accumulate, increasing susceptibility for skin infections, which can be minimized with dermolipectomy. Herein, we describe the anchor lipoabdominoplasty technique, adapting the principles of reduced flap detachment, abdominal and flank liposuctions, and preservation of the infraumbilical Scarpa's fascia associated with the preoperative fleurde- lis marking. The technique was used for seventeen patients, including sixteen women and one man, with late postoperative gastroplasty, aged 35­66 years in the period from January 2018 to June 2019. The patients presented with normal preoperative testing, satisfactory clinical conditions, and body mass index scores less than 30 kg/m2. In the present case series, one patient had umbilical cord remnant epidermolysis; all patients had edema and ecchymosis; and one patient had seroma on postoperative day 13. Hematoma, necrosis, infection, wound dehiscence, or thromboembolic events were not observed in any patient. The technique is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with abdominal excess skin, improving their body contour. However, longer postoperative follow-up periods and more cases are necessary to better measure the results and incidence of complications.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Obesity, Morbid , Gastroplasty , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/physiopathology , Gastroplasty/methods , Gastroplasty/statistics & numerical data , Abdominoplasty/methods , /methods , /statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 468-476, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047904


Introdução: A lipoaspiração corporal e abdominoplastia são cirurgias muitas vezes realizadas em conjunto para obter melhores resultados na modelagem corporal. Cirurgias associadas sempre aumentam a espoliação, por isto conhecer o comportamento da hemoglobina (Hb) no pós-operatório e a recuperação do paciente submetido a estas cirurgias combinadas é importante para sua segurança. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a queda da Hb e a recuperação clínica e laboratorial dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia combinada de lipoaspiração corporal e lipoabdominoplastia. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo prospectivo em pacientes submetidos à lipoaspiração corporal e lipoabdominoplastia, coletando-se hemogramas antes da indução anestésica, ao final da cirurgia, antes da alta hospitalar, após a 1ª, 2ª e 4ª semanas de pós-operatórios e também acompanhando suas evoluções clínicas. Resultados: A média da Hb ao final da cirurgia e na alta hospitalar foi de 10,4g/dl (desvio padrão (DP) 0,76) e 8,92g/dl (DP 0,86), respectivamente. A recuperação em média da Hb após 1ª, 2ª e 4ª semanas foi de 2,4% (DP 18,07), 41,6% (DP 18,4) e 74% (DP 15,2), respectivamente, em relação a redução que ocorreu entre a Hb inicial e a da alta hospitalar. Queixas de fraqueza e lipotimia foram frequentes até o segundo dia. Conclusão: A melhora clínica ocorreu até o segundo dia de pós-operatório (DPO) e a hemoglobina levou aproximadamente 1 mês para normalizar na maioria dos pacientes tratados apenas com reposição oral de ferro, sem necessidade de hemotransfusão.

Introduction: Body liposuction and abdominoplasty are surgeries often performed together to obtain superior results in body modeling. Since associated surgeries often increase spoliation, being aware of the evolution of hemoglobin (Hb) in the postoperative period and during the recovery of the patients undergoing these associated surgeries is important for their safety. This study aimed to analyze the decrease in Hb and the clinical and laboratory results throughout the recovery of patients undergoing body liposuction associated with lipoabdominoplasty. Methods: A prospective study was conducted with patients undergoing body liposuction and lipoabdominoplasty. CBCs were collected before anesthetic induction, at the end of the surgery, before hospital discharge, after the 1st, 2nd, and 4th postoperative weeks, and during their clinical follow-up period. Results: The average Hb values at the end of surgery and hospital discharge were 10.4 g/dL (standard deviation (SD) 0.76) and 8.92 g/dL (SD 0.86), respectively. The average values during the recovery of Hb after the 1st, 2nd, and 4th weeks were 2.4% (SD 18.07), 41.6% (SD 18.4), and 74% (SD 15.2), respectively. This is in relation to the reduction between the initial Hb and at hospital discharge. Complaints of weakness and lipothymia were frequent until the second day. Conclusion: Clinical improvement was observed until the second postoperative day (PO day). Hemoglobin required approximately 1 month to normalize in most patients. These patients were treated only with oral iron replacement and did not require blood transfusions.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Patients , Postoperative Complications , Research , Surgery, Plastic , Lipectomy , Clinical Evolution , Prospective Studies , Abdomen , Body Contouring , Anemia , Postoperative Complications/blood , Research/standards , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Lipectomy/adverse effects , Lipectomy/methods , Clinical Evolution/methods , Body Contouring/adverse effects , Body Contouring/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Anemia/complications
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 428-433, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047174


Introdução: A evolução da abdominoplastia se mantém constante desde 1899. Atualmente, com o avanço das técnicas de lipoaspiração, o conceito de lipoaspiração de alta definição tem como objetivo de corrigir estigmas causados pelo procedimento, como o aspecto "tenso" e a falta de convexidades e concavidades naturais abdominais. Métodos: Apresentamos uma proposta de busca da redefinição natural do abdome, através da lipoabdominoplastia tradicional com lipoaspiração seletiva, procurando obter resultados cirúrgicos com padrão natural, reproduzível para a maioria dos pacientes. Foram realizadas 21 abdominoplastias, entre novembro de 2018 e maio de 2019, utilizando a técnica descrita. Resultados: A técnica demonstrada apresentou resultados estéticos satisfatórios em obter a aparência abdominal natural através da lipoaspiração profunda e superficial, em áreas de sombras abdominais. Conclusão: O trabalho demonstrou-se seguro sob o ponto de vista vascular, além de ser reprodutível ao passo que utiliza lipoaspiração convencional, utilizada pela ampla maioria dos cirurgiões plásticos.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty techniques have constantly evolved since 1899. With modern liposuction techniques, the concept of high-definition liposuction aims to correct stigmas secondary to the procedure, such as a "tense" appearance and lack of natural abdominal convexity and concavity. Methods: Here we propose a technique to redefine the natural abdominal anatomy using traditional lipoabdominoplasty with selective liposuction to achieve more natural-looking surgical results that are reproducible for most patients. This study included 21 abdominoplasty procedures using the described technique performed between November 2018 and May 2019. The technique showed satisfactory ability to achieve a natural abdominal appearance using deep and superficial liposuction in abdominal shadow areas. Conclusion: The study showed that the technique is safe from a vascular point of view and reproducible due to the use of conventional liposuction, which is available to the vast majority of plastic surgeons.

Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Patients , Lipectomy , Lipectomy/methods , Rectus Abdominis , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Esthetics , Lipectomy/adverse effects , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Rectus Abdominis/physiopathology , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 378-383, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047159


Realizamos uma análise de quais são os elementos responsáveis pelo sustento e formato abdominal, determinando assim, que é devido a uma excessiva flacidez musculoaponeurótica de origem primária, à qual promove uma incapacidade do suporte da parede abdominal e pode estar relacionada a fatores predisponentes. Para esses casos específicos, desenvolvemos um tratamento propondo a colocação da tela e apresentando nossa experiência. Apresentamos esta série de casos de experiência em 26 anos. Onde 15 pacientes foram tratados com abdominoplastia primária e secundária. O reforço da parede abdominal foi realizado através da colocação de tela de polipropileno no plano submuscular com pontos em U na fáscia transversalis, buscando-se fortalecer o músculo e a fáscia transversa. Os resultados foram satisfatórios a longo prazo. Obtendo resolução das protuberâncias abdominais e restaurando a harmonia dos músculos. Apenas duas complicações ocorreram, que foram a presença de dor crônica localizada no abdome tratada com infiltrações de esteroides e fístula umbilical precoce de resolução rápida espontânea, independente da proposta.

We investigated the causative factors of abdominal support and shape and found that excessive musculoskeletal flaccidity of primary origin causes an inability to support the abdominal wall and may be associated with the predisposing factors. For such cases, we developed a treatment consisting of the placement of a subcutaneous mesh. Here, we present our experience with this treatment. We present a case series of 15 patients in our 26 years of experience who were treated with primary and secondary abdominoplasties. The abdominal wall was reinforced by placing a polypropylene mesh in the submuscular plane with U-stitches in the transversalis fascia, aiming at strengthening the muscle and transverse fascia. The results were satisfactory in the long term. Abdominal bulges were repaired, and muscle harmony was restored. Only two complications occurred: chronic pain localized in the abdomen, which was treated with steroid infiltrations, and an early umbilical fistula with spontaneous and rapid resolution, regardless of the proposal.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Muscular Atrophy , Secondary Treatment , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Abdominal Wall , Subcutaneous Tissue , Abdomen , Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System , Diastasis, Muscle , Muscular Atrophy/surgery , Secondary Treatment/analysis , Secondary Treatment/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Abdominal Wall/anatomy & histology , Subcutaneous Tissue/surgery , Abdominoplasty/methods , Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System/surgery , Diastasis, Muscle/surgery , Abdomen/surgery