Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 93
Filter
1.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 208, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103357

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) representa un problema de salud pública, debido a su alta incidencia y prevalencia en el mundo. Un método para evaluar el riesgo de desarrollar DM2 es la escala Latin American Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (LA FINDRISC). La DM2 es un factor de riesgo de enfermedad arterial periférica (EAP) la cual puede ser diagnosticada mediante el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB). Objetivo: evaluar la presencia y severidad de enfermedad arterial periférica mediante ITB y relacionarlo con el riesgo de desarrollar DM2 según LA FINDRISC. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, correlacional, de corte transversal. Se evaluaron 134 personas y se les midió glicemia capilar para descartar diabetes. Posteriormente, se realizó el LA FINDRISC y el ITB. Resultados: El puntaje LA FINDRISC y la glicemia alteradas en ayunas aumentaron proporcionalmente (R2=0,5). Esta relación no se observó entre LA FINDRISC y el ITB arrojado por la población general. Sin embargo, al seleccionar los pacientes con vasos no comprimibles aparece una correlación positiva (R2=0,36) entre los dos instrumentos diagnósticos. Conclusión: LA FINDRISC y el ITB son instrumentos de diagnósticos no invasivo, sencillos y válidos para detectar riesgo de desarrollar DM2, y detectar presencia y severidad de enfermedad arterial periférica, respectivamente(AU)


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) represents a public health problem, due to its high incidence and prevalence in the world. One method to assess the risk of developing DM2 is the Latin American Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (LA FINDRISC) scale. DM2 is a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) which can be diagnosed using the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Objective: to evaluate the presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease using ABI and to relate it to the risk of developing DM2 according to LA FINDRISC. Methods: descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study. 134 people were evaluated, and capillary glycemia was measured to rule out diabetes. Subsequently, the LA FINDRISC and the ITB were held. Results: The LA FINDRISC score and impaired fasting blood glucose increased proportionally (R2 = 0.5). This relationship was not observed between LA FINDRISC and the ITB showed by the general population. However, when selecting patients with non-compressible vessels, a positive correlation (R2 = 0.36) appears between the two diagnostic instruments. Conclusion: FINDRISC and ITB are simple and valid non-invasive diagnostic instruments to detect the risk of developing DM2, and detect the presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease, respectively(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Body Weights and Measures , Anthropometry , Abdominal Circumference
2.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 36(1): 35-45, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103077

ABSTRACT

La obesidad constituye un esta- do subclínico de inflamación, que promueve complicaciones cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la concentración de proteína C reactiva ultrasensible (PCRus) y el engrosamiento de la íntima media carotídea en obesos. Método: estudio transversal, descriptivo y comparativo. Se determinaron variables antropométricas, parámetros bioquímicos, concentración de PCRus, y gro- sor de íntima media carotídea (GIMC) en obesos normolipémicos y dislipidémicos. Resultados: se evaluaron 45 pacientes obesos normolipémicos y dislipidémicos, con una edad media de 36±9,23 años y 38,33±8,30 años respectivamente, sin diferencias significativas en peso, talla, circunferencia abdominal y presión arterial. La PCRus se encontró en 0,967±0,73mg/dl en el grupo normolipémi- co, y 1,328±0,75mg/dl, en el grupo dislipidémico, con significancia estadística (p=0,022) y una media de grosor de íntima media de 0,87±0,23mm y 0,95±0,20mm. Los pacientes con valores de PCRus ≥1mg/dl, presentaron un mayor peso, índice de masa corporal (IMC) y circunferencia abdo- minal. Se encontró una correlación de 0,361 entre el GIMC y PCRus, y en el grupo normolipémico, una correlación de 0,423 (p=0,004). Igualmente, se encontró una correlación de 0,336 entre el GIMC y la circunferencia abdominal en los normolipémicos. Conclusión: La PCRus ≥1mg/dl en pacientes obesos, se correlacionó con un mayor peso, el IMC y la circunferencia abdominal, así como aumento del GIMC y presencia de placas de ateroma. En pacientes obesos normolipémicos, se encontró correlación moderada entre el grosor de íntima media carotídea, con la PCRus y circunfe- rencia abdominal(AU)


Obesity is a condition of subclini- cal inflammation, which promotes cardiovascular complications. Objective: To establish the rela- tionship between the concentration of high sensitive C reactive protein (CPRhs) and carotid media- intima thickness in obese normolipidemic patients. Methods: crosssectional, descriptive and comparative study. Anthropometric variables, biochemi- cal parameters, CPRhs concentration, and carotid media-intima thickness (IMT) were determined in normolypemic and dyslipidemic obese patients. Results: 45 normolipidemic and dyslipidemic patients were evaluated, with an average age of 36±9,23 years and 38,33±8,30 years respectively, without significant differences in weight, height, abdominal circumference and blood pressure. The CPRhs was found in 0,967±0,73mg/dl in the normolipidemic group, and 1,328±0,75mg/dl in the dyslipidemic group, with statistical significance (p=0.022) and an average IMT of 0,87±0,23mm and 0,95±0,20mm respectively. Patients with CPRhs ≥1mg/dl values had higher weight, body mass index (BMI) and abdominal circumference. A correlation of 0,361 was found between the IMT and CPRhs, and in the normolipidemic group, a correlation of 0,423 (p=0.004). The correlation of 0,336 was found between IMT and abdominal circumference in normolipidemic patients. Conclusion: CPRhs ≥1mg/dl in obese patients, was correlated with increased weight, BMI and abdominal circumference, as well as increased IMT and presence of atherosclerosis plaques. In obese normolipidemic patients, a moderate correlation was found between carotid media-intima thickness with IMT and abdo- minal circumference, may suggest the use of these markers in primary atherosclerotic disease preven- tion in obese patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Obesity/epidemiology , Abdominal Circumference , Dyslipidemias , Arterial Pressure
3.
Av. enferm ; 37(3): 284-292, sep.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1055212

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the association between hypertension and anthropometric indicators of central obesity, obtained from two anatomical sites in old adults. Methodology: a cross-sectional study including 145 elderly people, from whom socioeconomic and demographic data and anthropometric indicators of central obesity (Waist Circumference [CC] and Abdominal Circumferency [CA]) were obtained, which were considered independent variables. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations, and for the discriminatory power of the cutoff points of the anthropometric indicators for hypertension, a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was performed. Comparisons between ROC curves were performed, aiming to identify a significant difference in the discriminatory power of the anthropometric indicators studied. Results: among the 145 individuals, 79 were female (54%) and 66 were male (46%). The results showed a high prevalence of hypertension among men (69.7%) and women (73.4%). Both WC and AC were significantly associated to hypertension in both sexes. The ROC curve parameters indicated that both anthropometric indicators of central obesity exhibit a good discriminatory power for hypertension in this studie. For the studied population, the WC cutoff point for hypertension was > 83.2 cm for men and > 82.6 cm in women, while for CA it was > 85.1 cm and > 85.4 cm in men and women, respectively. Conclusion: AC and WC are significantly associated with hypertension in both sexes, and there is no superiority among them to predict hypertension in the elderly population.


Resumen Objetivo: investigar la asociación entre hipertensión e indicadores antropométricos de obesidad central, obtenidos de dos sitios anatómicos en adultos mayores. Metodología: estudio transversal que incluyó a 145 adultos mayores, de los cuales se obtuvieron datos socioeconómicos y demográficos e indicadores antropométricos de obesidad central (circunferencia de cintura [CC] y circunferencia abdominal [CA]), que fueron considerados variables independientes. Se utilizó un modelo de regresión logística para analizar las asociaciones, además del poder discriminatorio y los puntos de corte para la hipertensión de los indicadores antropométricos, que se obtuvieron a partir de los parámetros de la curva Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC). Se hicieron comparaciones entre las curvas ROC, con el objetivo de identificar diferencias significativas en el poder discriminatorio de los indicadores antropométricos estudiados. Resultados: de los 145 individuos 79 eran del sexo femenino (54 %) y 66 del masculino (46 %). Los resultados mostraron una alta prevalencia de hipertensión arterial en hombres (69,7 %) y mujeres (734 %). Tanto CC como CA se asociaron significativamente a la hipertensión en ambos sexos. Los parámetros de la curva ROC revelaron que ambos indicadores antropométricos de obesidad central exhiben un buen poder discriminatorio para la hipertensión en la población estudiada. El punto de corte para la CC fue > 83,2 cm para hombres y de > 82,6 cm para mujeres; mientras que para CA fue > 85,1 cm y > 85,4 cm para hombres y mujeres, respectivamente. Conclusión: CA y CC están significativamente asociadas a la hipertensión en ambos sexos, y no hay superioridad entre ellas para predecir la hipertensión en la población anciana.


Resumo Objetivo: investigar a associação entre hipertensão e indicadores antropométricos de obesidade central obtidos de dois sítios anatômicos em idosos. Metodologia: estudo transversal incluindo 145 idosos, dos quais foram obtidos dados socioeconô-micos e demográficos e indicadores antropométricos de obesidade central (circunferência de cintura [CC] e cirfunferência abdominal [CA]), que foram considerados como variáveis independentes. Um modelo de regressão logística foi utilizado para analisar as associações, além do poder discriminatório e os pontos de corte para a hipertensão dos indicadores antropométricos, que foram obtidos a partir dos parâmetros da curva Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC). Comparações entre as curvas ROC foram realizadas, objetivando identificar diferença significativa no poder discriminatório dos indicadores antropométricos estudados. Resultados: entre os 145 indivíduos, 79 eram do sexo feminino (54 %) e 66 do masculino (46 %). Os resultados mostraram uma alta prevalência de hipertensão arterial entre homens (69,7 %) e mulheres (73,4 %). Tanto a CA quanto a CC foram associadas à hipertensão em ambos os sexos de maneira significativa. Os parâmetros da curva ROC indicaram que ambos os indicadores antropométricos da obesidade central exibiram um bom poder discriminatório para a hipertensão na população estudada. O ponto de corte para a CC foi > 83,2 cm para homens e > 82,6 cm para mulheres, enquanto para CA foi > 85,1 cm e > 85,4 cm para homens e mulheres, respectivamente. Conclusão: as CA e CC estão significativamente associadas à hipertensão em ambos os sexos e não há superioridade entre elas para prever a hipertensão na população idosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Abdominal Circumference , Waist Circumference , Obesity, Abdominal , Hypertension , ROC Curve , Demographic Data
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 517-526, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040109

ABSTRACT

Patients with mental disorders are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders compared to the general population. Objective: To evaluate cardiovascular risk and metabolic syndrome in individuals with mental disorders. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted at the Psychosocial Care Centers. Socioeconomic, clinical, biochemical and anthropometric data were collected using a standard form. Cardiovascular risk was assessed by the Framingham risk score. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was determined by the World Health- Organization (WHO), the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and associations were evaluated by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test, as well as Odds Ratio. The significance level adopted for all statistical tests was 5%. Results: The chance of individuals diagnosed with MS be at intermediate-to-high cardiovascular risk was greater (12.22, 8.01 and 6.23 times higher according to WHO, NCEP and IDF criteria, respectively) than those without MS. Conclusion: A high percentage of patients with mental disorders were at intermediate / high cardiovascular risk, and this was significantly associated with MS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Metabolic Syndrome , Mental Disorders , World Health Organization , Body Mass Index , Mental Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Abdominal Circumference , Psychosocial Support Systems , Cholesterol, HDL
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 527-535, Sept-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040101

ABSTRACT

Currently, the association between obesity and heart failure (HF) is increasingly known. Patients with advanced obesity who suffer from HF without an identifiable cause can be diagnosed as having obesity-associated cardiomyopathy. Although data suggest that obesity may reduce mortality in HF, weight loss, especially in the presence of morbid obesity, reduces symptoms and improves the quality of life of those patients. Bariatric surgery is the major treatment available for sustained weight loss in morbid obesity. Observational studies have demonstrated an improvement in ventricular structure and function of morbidly obese patients with HF who underwent that procedure. Thus, despite the risks, bariatric surgery should be considered for patients with HF, because of its potential for reducing associated comorbidities and improving quality of life and functional capacity, in addition to making eligible for heart transplantation those excluded due to high body mass index


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Outcome , Bariatric Surgery , Heart Failure , Obesity , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Coronary Artery Disease , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Abdominal Circumference , Heart Ventricles
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 862-878, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1094094

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de muerte en la mayoría de los países. Se describen los factores de riesgo para enfermedad coronaria como no modificables: edad, sexo y antecedentes familiares; y modificables relacionados al estilo de vida: tabaquismo, dislipidemia, obesidad, sedentarismo, diabetes, uso abusivo de alcohol y la enfermedad hipertensiva. Objetivo: caracterizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la cardiopatía isquémica en Atención Secundaria de Salud. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo transversal en pacientes ingresados en el Hospital "Mártires del 9 de Abril" de Sagua la Grande, en el periodo comprendido entre los años 2016 y 2017. Integraron la muestra 96 pacientes que ingresaron con diagnóstico de cardiopatía isquémica. Se describieron las características demográficas de los mismos; fueron identificados los factores de riesgo y se determinó la frecuencia de asociación de otras formas clínicas de ateromatosis. Resultados: los pacientes fueron mayores de 60 años de edad; la mayoría tenían color de la piel blanca; presentaban antecedentes patológicos familiares de cardiopatía isquémica; las principales formas de cardiopatía isquémica fueron: angina e insuficiencia cardiaca; todos los pacientes presentaron uno o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular, los más significativos fueron, hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo aumento de la circunferencia abdominal y personalidad tipo "A". Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes exhibieron alteraciones en el electrocardiograma: descenso del segmento ST, bloqueo de rama izquierda del haz de His y fibrilación auricular; se observó hipertrigliceridemia y se apreció asociación entre enfermedad renal crónica y angina.


ABSTRACT Introduction: cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in most of the countries. The risk factors for coronary disease are described as unmodifiable: age, sex and family history; and modifiable related to lifestyle: smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, abusive use of alcohol and hypertensive disease. Objective: to characterize the risk factors associated to ischemic heart disease in secondary health care. Material and methods: observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study in patients admitted in "Mártires del 9 de Abril" Hospital, Sagua la Grande, between 2016 and 2017. The sample consisted of 96 patients admitted with a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Their demographic characteristics were described; the risk factors were identified and the frequency of association of other clinical forms of atheromatosis was determined. Results: the patients were aged more than 60 years; most of them were white people and had family pathological antecedents of ischemic heart disease; the main forms of ischemic heart disease were angina and heart failure; all patients showed one or more cardiovascular risk factors being arterial hypertension, smoking, increase of abdominal circumference and type A personality the most significant ones. Conclusions: the majority of patients showed alterations in the electrocardiogram: ST segment decrease, His bundle left branch blockage and atrial fibrillation; hypertriglyceridemia was observed and there was an association between chronic kidney disease and angina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder/etiology , Risk Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Inpatients , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Abdominal Circumference , Observational Study , Heart Failure/etiology , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Life Style
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 269-273, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002229

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart failure is a chronic and degenerative disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world. Coronary artery bypass grafting is indicated as elective treatment and may cause a catabolic state that depletes energy reserves. Data on body composition evaluation in the postoperative period of major cardiac surgery are limited. Objective: To evaluate the influence of elective coronary artery bypass grafting on body composition on the seventh postoperative day of patients with ischemic heart failure. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in which eighteen volunteers with New York Heart Association Class II and III heart failure underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The energy and protein reserves of the participants were evaluated by anthropometry in the preoperative and on the seventh postoperative day. Paired t-Test or Mann-Whitney test was used if applicable. A significance level was considered at p value < 0.05. Results: A significant loss of muscle mass was observed through the reduction of arm muscle circumference after surgery (4.2%, p 0.007). Major surgery causes hypermetabolic state and systemic inflammatory stimulus, due to the release of hormones and cytokines that may justify the observed loss of muscle mass. Conclusion: Coronary artery bypass grafting had an impact on muscle mass reduction seven days after surgery in patients with ischemic heart failure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Postoperative Period , Body Composition , Coronary Artery Bypass , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry/methods , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Abdominal Circumference , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Obesity
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 269-273, may.-june. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1006126

ABSTRACT

Background: Ischemic heart failure is a chronic and degenerative disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world. Coronary artery bypass grafting is indicated as elective treatment and may cause a catabolic state that depletes energy reserves. Data on body composition evaluation in the postoperative period of major cardiac surgery are limited. Objective: To evaluate the influence of elective coronary artery bypass grafting on body composition on the seventh postoperative day of patients with ischemic heart failure. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in which eighteen volunteers with New York Heart Association Class II and III heart failure underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The energy and protein reserves of the participants were evaluated by anthropometry in the preoperative and on the seventh postoperative day. Paired t-Test or Mann-Whitney test was used if applicable. A significance level was considered at p value < 0.05. Results: A significant loss of muscle mass was observed through the reduction of arm muscle circumference after surgery (4.2%, p 0.007). Major surgery causes hypermetabolic state and systemic inflammatory stimulus, due to the release of hormones and cytokines that may justify the observed loss of muscle mass. Conclusion: Coronary artery bypass grafting had an impact on muscle mass reduction seven days after surgery in patients with ischemic heart failure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Postoperative Period , Body Composition , Coronary Artery Bypass , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Abdominal Circumference , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Obesity
10.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180109, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002485

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidemias are associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Recently, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-c) has emerged as a new target for assessment and prediction of risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is closely associated with atheroma plaque progression. Objectives To evaluate associations between HDL-c and non-HDL-c levels and anthropometric and biochemical parameters and with the Castelli risk indexes I and II. Methods 300 randomly selected people were subdivided into two groups: patients with normal values for non-HDL-c and patients with altered values for non-HDL-c. These parameters were analyzed for associations with glycemia, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-c), Castelli Index I (CI-I), Castelli Index II (CI-II), waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and presence of metabolic syndrome (MS). Results Glycemia,TC, TG, LDL-c, CI-I, CI-II, WC and BMI were all significantly different between subjects with normal and altered values of HDL-c and non-HDL-c. TC and WC both exhibited significantly higher values among patients with abnormal non-HDL-c when compared to patients with abnormal HDL-c. A significant difference was observed in occurrence of MS among patients with altered values of HDL-c and non-HDL-c. Conclusions Our results show that both HDL-c and non-HDL-c are associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, atherogenic indices, and obesity. There is therefore a need for randomized clinical intervention trials examining the potential role of non-HDL-c as a possible primary therapeutic target


A dislipidemia está associada à aterosclerose e às doenças cardiovasculares. Recentemente, a lipoproteína de não alta-densidade de colesterol (não HDL-c) emergiu como um novo alvo para avaliação da predição de risco de doença cardiovascular, intimamente associada à progressão da placa de ateroma. Objetivos Avaliar as associações de níveis de HDL-c e não HDL-c com parâmetros antropométricos e bioquímicos, bem como com índices de Castelli I e II (CI-I e CI-II). Métodos Trezentas pessoas selecionadas aleatoriamente foram divididas em dois grupos: pacientes com valores normais de não HDL-c e pacientes com valores alterados de não HDL-c. Esses parâmetros foram associados a glicemia, colesterol total (CT), triglicerídeos (TG), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL-c), CI-I, CI-II, circunferência de cintura (CC), índice de massa corporal (IMC) e presença de síndrome metabólica (SM). Resultados Glicemia, CT, TG, LDL-c, CI-I, CI-II, CC e IMC exibiram valores significativamente maiores para o não HDL-c quando comparado ao HDL-c. Uma diferença significativa na ocorrência de SM foi encontrada em pacientes com valores alterados de HDL-c e não HDL-c. Conclusões Nossos resultados mostram que tanto o HDL-c quanto o não HDL-c estão associados a resistência à insulina, dislipidemia, índices de aterogênese e obesidade. Assim, há uma necessidade de futuros ensaios randomizados de intervenção clínica examinando o papel potencial do não HDL-c como possível alvo terapêutico primário


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biomarkers , Anthropometry/methods , Cholesterol, HDL , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome , Abdominal Circumference , Atherosclerosis , Dyslipidemias , Cholesterol, LDL , Obesity
11.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 50(2): 139-143, nov. 23, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-948787

ABSTRACT

A síndrome metabólica (SM) representa a anormalidade metabólica mais comum da atualidade e também a maior responsável por eventos cardiovasculares na população. Apesar da importância, há carência de dados epidemiológicos na população brasileira. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a incidência da SM em pacientes que utilizam o Laboratório de Análises Clínica da PUC ­ Goiás (LAC) que tinham em seus exames perfil lipídico, glicemia de jejum e que apresentavam uma circunferência abdominal elevada. Os critérios utilizados foram os propostos pelo National Cholesterol Education Program ­ Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III). No estudo foi encontrada a prevalência de 34% diagnosticados com SM, sendo 13% no sexo masculino e 21% no sexo feminino. Conclui-se que foi encontrado um percentual alto para SM nos pacientes que estão fazendo seus exames de rotina no LAC, pois no estudo não teve associação com estilo de vida e doenças existentes.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Metabolic Syndrome , Abdominal Circumference , Health Profile , Lipids
12.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 17(4): 591-602, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-978554

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Estudios epidemiológicos han señalado que la obesidad abdominal es el factor de riesgo más preponderante en los países latinoamericanos y el que mejor explica la ocurrencia de un primer infarto agudo de miocardio. Objetivo: Determinar el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular por la medición de la circunferencia abdominal en el Consultorio 22 del Policlínico Docente Aleida Fernández Chardiet del municipio La Lisa, La Habana, Cuba, en 2016. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal en personas mayores de 17 años de edad. El universo estuvo constituido por 538 personas. Se utilizaron distribuciones de frecuencias, cálculos porcentuales y el test de Chi Cuadrado. Resultados: De acuerdo con el valor de la circunferencia abdominal, 42,9 por ciento de las personas presentó un riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular incrementado. El riesgo incrementado predominó en el sexo masculino (48 por ciento). Solo el 16,5 por ciento de los pacientes diabéticos tuvo un riesgo bajo. El 50,6 por ciento de los pacientes con hipertensión arterial y 45,4 por ciento de los fumadores presentaron un riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular incrementado. Conclusiones: El riesgo incrementado de enfermedad cardiovascular, según la medida de la circunferencia abdominal, predominó en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados, fundamentalmente en los pacientes del sexo masculino, los diabéticos, los hipertensos y los fumadores. Se observó una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular, encontrado por la obesidad abdominal y la edad, el sexo, la Diabetes Mellitus y la hipertensión arterial(AU)


Introduction: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that abdominal obesity is the most important risk factor and the one that best explains the occurrence of a first acute myocardial infarction in Latin American countries. Objective: To determine the risk of cardiovascular disease by measuring the abdominal circumference in Doctor's Office 22 of Aleida Fernández Chardiet Teaching Polyclinic, La Lisa municipality, Havana, Cuba, in 2016. Material and Methods: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in people older than 17 years old. The universe of study was composed of 538 persons. Distributions of frequencies, percentage calculations, and the Chi-square test were used. Results: With regard to the value of abdominal circumference, 42,9 percent of people presented a high risk of cardiovascular disease, which predominated in the male sex (48,0 percent). Only 16,5 percent of diabetic patients presented a low risk. The 50,6 percent of patients with arterial hypertension, and the 45,4 percent of smokers presented a high risk. Conclusions: Regarding the evaluation of the abdominal circumference, a high risk of cardiovascular disease was observed in the majority of population studied, especially in the male sex, diabetics, hypertensive patients, and smokers. A statistically significant relationship was observed in patients with risk of cardiovascular disease due to abdominal obesity and age, sex, Diabetes Mellitus, and arterial hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Risk Assessment/methods , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Abdominal Circumference , Observational Study , Myocardial Infarction/complications
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 26(2): 43-52, abr.-jun. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-911178

ABSTRACT

O estudo teve como objetivo verifi car a relação entre a composição corporal e o VO2max de crianças/ adolescentes. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com uma amostra de 228 crianças/adolescentes de escolas públicas, com idade média de 11,29±2,09 anos. Foram mensuradas circunferência abdominal (CA), massa corporal (MC), pressão arterial (PA), espessura de dobras cutâneas (DC) e VO2max estimado. As meninas com ∑DC, acima de 35mm, apresentaram signifi cativamente menores valores de VO2max, maior CA e MC. Já para meninos, somente CA se mostrou maior. Quanto maior o somatório DC, mais baixo foram os valores de VO2max., e mais elevada a MC, e CA para meninas, sendo que para estas duas últimas variáveis, a mesma relação foi identifi cada para os meninos. Foi observada pequena relação entre a ∑DC e o VO2max. O VO2max não foi diferente entre os grupos (i.e <35mm e ≥35mm), nem tampouco o fator Σ-DC isoladamente consegue explicar as alterações do VO2max....(AU)


The study aimed to verify the relationship between body composition and VO2max of kids/ teenagers. It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 228 kids/teenagers from public schools, with a mean age of 11.29 ± 2.09 years. Abdominal circumference (AC), body mass (BM), blood pressure (BP), thickness of skinfolds (TS) and estimated VO2max were measured. Girls with ΣDC, above 35mm, had signifi cantly lower values of VO2max, higher AC and BM. As for boys, only AC was higher. The higher the TS summation, the lower the VO2max, and the higher the BM, and the AC for girls, and for the latter two variables, the same relation was identifi ed for the boys. Small relationship was observed between ΣTS and VO2max. On the other hand it was observed that 24.2% of changes in VO2max, can be explained by AC, TS, BP and BM. VO2max was not diff erent between groups (i.e. <35mm and ≥35mm), nor the Σ-DC factor alone can explain the VO2max changes....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Circumference , Blood Pressure , Oxygen Consumption , Physical Education and Training
14.
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 49(2): 24-32, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1096290

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aumento de sobrepeso y obesidad en niños, conlleva a la necesidad de mantener un peso saludable, porque puede repercutir en su salud futura. El objetivo es analizar el porcentaje de grasa, a través de varios indicadores. Materiales y Métodos: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y correlacional, muestra probabilística de 304 niños y adolescentes de tres ciudades de Venezuela: Caracas, Mérida y Valencia. Variables: edad, peso, talla, pliegues, circunferencia de cintura, circunferencia de cadera; IMC, índice Cintura/Cadera, Densidad corporal, Porcentaje de grasa corporal. Fórmulas: Qutelet, Durnin y Rahaman (1967), Lohman et al, 1984, Slaugther et al (1988) y Gómez- Campos et al. (2018). Se determinaron medidas descriptivas, correlaciones y prueba T de student. Resultados: edad e IMC similar para los dos sexos (12,78±2,18 y 12,12±2,09 años) (19,19±3,50 y 19,17±5,05 kg/m2).; peso y talla mayor en varones (46,25±13,47 y 42,83±9,83 kg); (153,36±12,31 y 148,68±4,03 cm); 9,87% sobrepeso y 4,93% obesidad, circunferencia de cintura de 65,92±7,89 cm, y circunferencia de cadera de 88,21 ± 9,28 cm para el grupo; % de Grasa Corporal, por Lohman et al, (1984), promedio de 13,75±7,05, y menor en los varones (13,75 vs. 19,54); % de grasa corporal, Slaughter et al (1988) 22,38±8,86, similar en ambos sexos (21,05±6,78 vs.21,30±4,94); % de grasa corporal por Gómez- Campos et al (2018) 33,30±6,51, y ligeramente mayor en las niñas que en los niños. (33,91±5,82 y 30,53±7,04). Conclusión: Los métodos difieren, el de Gómez-Campos et al (2018), sobreestima el porcentaje de grasa corporal en niños y adolescentes. Los promedios por ciudad, son estadísticamente significativos (p < 0,001)


Introduction: The increase of overweight and obesity in children, leads to the need to maintain a healthy weight, because it can affect your future health. The objective is to analyze the percentage of fat, through several indicators. Materials and methods: descriptive, correlational and retrospective study sample probability of 304 children and adolescents in three cities of Venezuela: Caracas, Merida and Valencia. Variables: age, weight, size, folds, waist circumference, hip circumference; BMI, waist/hip, body density, percentage of body fat. Formulas: Qutelet, Durnin and Rahaman (1967), Lohman et al, 1984, Slaugther et al (1988) and Gomez-Campos et al (2018). Descriptive measures were determined, you correlations and student T-test. Results: age and BMI, similar for both sexes (12. 78±2.18 and 12.12±2.09 years) (19.19±3.50-19.17±5.05 kg/m2); weight and height greater in males (46.25±13.47 and 42.83±9.83 kg); (153.36±12.31 and 148.68±4.03 cm) 9.87% overweight and 4.93% obesity; waist circumference is 65.92±7.89 cm and hip circumference 88.21±9.28 cm for the Group; % of body fat, by Lohman et al., (1984), average 13.75±7.05 and lower average of males (13.75 vs 19.54); % body fat, Slaughter et al (1988) of 22.38±8.86 and similar in both sex (21.05±6.78 vs.21.30±4.94); % body fat by Gomez-Campos et al (2018) 33.30±6.51, and slightly higher in girls than in children (33. 91±5.82 and 30.53±7.04). Conclusion: The methods differ, the de Gomez-Campos et at (2018), overestimated the percentage of body fat in children and adolescents. Averages by city, are statistically significant (p <0.001)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Abdominal Circumference , Body Fat Distribution , Waist Circumference , Overweight , Obesity
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(5): f:416-l:424, set.-out. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-859028

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A obesidade tem sido apontada como um dos principais fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação da obesidade central com a incidência de doenças e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado com pacientes atendidos em um ambulatório de síndrome metabólica, que apresentavam índice de massa corporal ≥ 24,9 kg/m2 . Foram analisados o estado nutricional, os exames laboratoriais (perfil lipídico e glicemia) e o uso de anti-hipertensivos. Os participantes foram estratificados em grupos em relação à presença ou à ausência dos seguintes fatores de risco: diabetes, hipertensão e dislipidemia. Resultados: Mulheres (n = 39), com idade média de 44,18 ± 14,42 anos, sendo 70% obesos e 38% hipertensos corresponderam à maioria da amostra estudada. A circunferência abdominal encontrada foi de 110,19 cm ± 15,88 cm; os triglicerídeos de 153,72 mg/dL ± 7,07 mg/dL; a glicemia de jejum de 188,6 mg/dL ± 116 mg/dL. Foi encontrada associação significativa entre a relação cintura/estatura e os achados de hipertensão (p = 0,007); entre o volume de gordura visceral e diabetes (p = 0,01); entre o índice de conicidade e os achados de hipertensão (p = 0,009) e diabetes (p = 0,006). Não foi encontrada associação significativa entre o índice de massa corporal e circunferência abdominal com os achados de hipertensão, diabetes e dislipidemia. Conclusão: A obesidade central esteve associada a uma maior incidência de desenvolvimento de fatores de risco relacionados a doenças cardiovasculares


Background: Obesity has been identified as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Objective: To evaluate the association of central obesity with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, carried out with patients treated at a metabolic syndrome outpatient clinic, with body mass index ≥ 24.9 kg/m2 . Nutritional status, laboratory tests (lipid and glycemic profile) and blood pressure status were analyzed. Participants were stratified into groups regarding the presence or absence of risk factors: diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Results: Women (n = 39), mean age of 44.18 ± 14.42 years, of which 70% were obese and 38% were hypertensive, corresponded to most of the studied sample. Abdominal circumference was 110.19 cm ± 15.88 cm; levels of triglycerides were 153.72 mg/dL ± 7.07 mg/dL; and fasting glycemia was 188.6 mg/dL ± 116 mg/dL. A significant association was found between the waist/height ratio and the findings of hypertension (p = 0.007); between visceral fat volume and diabetes (p = 0.01); between the conicity index and the findings of hypertension (p = 0.009) and diabetes (p = 0.006). No significant association was found between body mass index and waist circumference with findings of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: Central obesity was associated with a higher incidence of development of risk factors related to cardiovascular diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Obesity , Risk Factors , Abdominal Circumference , Anthropometry/methods , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Dyslipidemias/complications , Hypertension/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/mortality , Sex Factors , Statistical Analysis
16.
HU rev ; 43(1): 77-83, 2017/08/00.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-859310

ABSTRACT

[{"text": "A necessidade do uso de fórmulas de estimativas de massa corporal se torna constante por diversos fatores que impossibilitam os pacientes a se colocarem de pé. Rabito e outros, em 2006, propuseram uma fórmula para estimativa de massa corporal com intuito de atender à população brasileira. Baseado nesta nova fórmula, o objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a validade da fórmula de Rabito e outros (2006), realizando as medidas da circunferência abdominal em três posições diferentes. A amostra constitui-se de 60 pacientes deambulantes, e para o cálculo da fórmula de estimativa de massa corporal foram realizadas as medidas da circunferência do braço, circunferência da panturrilha e a circunferência abdominal, realizada com o paciente em três posições: em pé, em decúbito dorsal e sentado. Os pacientes foram divididos por estado nutricional, através do índice de massa corporal, as massas corporais estimadas foram analisadas estatisticamente com a massa corporal real do paciente quantificada pela balança. Os resultados demonstraram valores estatisticamente semelhantes entre a massa corporal estimada e a massa corporal real em pacientes desnutridos em qualquer posição avaliada. Para pacientes eutróficos e com sobrepeso/obeso, a fórmula se mostrou eficiente para predição da massa corporal real apenas quando sentados. Estes achados podem levar a acreditar que o aumento da massa corporal pode influenciar negativamente na aplicabilidade do método nesta posição. Sugere-se a utilização da fórmula de estimativa de massa corporal proposta por Rabito e outros exclusivamente com o paciente sentado, por demonstrar valores semelhantes, independentemente do diagnóstico de estado nutricional.", "_i": "pt"}]


Subject(s)
Body Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Abdominal Circumference
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(3): f:205-l:213, jul.-set. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-876810

ABSTRACT

Contexto: Os benefícios para a saúde decorrentes da prática regular de atividade física estão bem documentados. Entretanto, são raros os estudos associando essa prática ao comportamento sedentário e ao risco cardiovascular em adolescentes. Objetivos: Pretende-se avaliar a prática de atividade física, o comportamento sedentário e a associação com o risco cardiovascular mensurado pelo escore Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY). Métodos: Estudo transversal desenvolvido nas escolas públicas estaduais de Campina Grande, PB, Brasil, com 576 adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos, incluindo variáveis socioeconômicas, demográficas, de estilo de vida e clínicas. Os dados foram coletados através de formulário validado, antropometria, aferição da pressão arterial e exames laboratoriais. Foram utilizadas medidas descritivas, teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson e regressão logística binomial. Trabalhou-se com o SPSS 22.0 se adotou intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A idade média foi de 16,8 anos. A maioria dos adolescentes era do sexo feminino (66,8%), não branco (78.7%) e pertencente às classes C, D e (69,1%). Quanto ao sedentarismo e à insuficiência de atividade física, as prevalências foram de 78,1% e 60,2%, respectivamente. De acordo com o escore PDAY, 10,4% dos adolescentes apresentaram alto risco cardiovascular; 31,8% risco intermediário; e 57,8%, risco baixo. Verificou-se que PDAY esteve associado ao sexo e à adiposidade abdominal. Conclusões: Ficou comprovado que adiposidade abdominal e sexo masculino representam importantes fatores de risco cardiovascular em adolescentes. Considerando-se a presença de um fator de risco modificável, medidas preventivas voltadas ao estilo de vida são essenciais


Background: The health benefits of regular physical activity are well documented. However, there are few studies associating this practice with sedentary behavior and cardiovascular risk in adolescents. Objectives: To evaluate physical activity levels and sedentary behavior and their associations with cardiovascular risk using the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY) score Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in state-owned public schools in Campina Grande, PB, Brazil, with 576 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, investigating socioeconomic; demographic; lifestyle; and clinical variables. Data were collected using a validated form covering anthropometry data; blood pressure measurements; and laboratory tests. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's chi-square test, and binomial logistic regression using SPSS 22.0 and adopting a 95% confidence interval. Results: Mean age was 16.8 years. The majority of the adolescents were female (66.8%); non-white (78.7%); and belonged to socioeconomic classes C, D and E (69.1%). The prevalence rates of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity were 78.1% and 60.2%, respectively. According to the PDAY score, 10.4% of adolescents were at high cardiovascular risk and 31.8% and 57.8% were at intermediate risk and low risk, respectively. PDAY scores were associated with sex and abdominal adiposity. Conclusions: It was found that abdominal fat and being male were important cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. Considering that modifiable risk factors were present, preventive measures aimed at lifestyle changes are essential


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Abdominal Circumference , Arterial Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol, HDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Life Style , Obesity , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Statistical Analysis
18.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 38(2): 26-31, maio-ago. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-876081

ABSTRACT

O óleo de coco é um alimento que apresenta perfil nutracêutico com ação termogênica, e pode ser uma proposta utilizada para o processo de emagrecimento e redução da circunferência abdominal. Realizar uma revisão sistemática, com o objetivo de identificar as principais evidências do uso do óleo de coco, no processo de emagrecimento e redução de circunferência abdominal. Foram incluídos no trabalho estudos com resultados de metaanálises, ensaios clínicos, estudos de caso-controle e série de casos realizados em seres humanos, publicados nos últimos 10 anos. Foram encontradas poucas evidências a respeito dos efeitos do óleo de coco na perda de peso e redução da circunferência abdominal. São escassos ou inconclusivos os estudos que avaliam os efeitos do óleo de coco para fins estéticos como emagrecimento e redução de circunferência abdominal, associado ou não à prática de atividade física, o que coloca em dúvida o uso deste suplemento(AU)


Coconut oil is a food that presents a nutraceutical profile with thermogenic action, and can be a proposal used for the process of slimming and reduction of the waist circumference. To carry out a systematic review with the objective of identifying the main evidences of the use of coconut oil, in the process of slimming and reduction of abdominal circumference. We included studies with results of meta-analyzes, clinical trials, case-control studies and series of human cases published in the last 10 years. Little evidence was found regarding the effects of coconut oil on weight loss and reduction of waist circumference. There are few or inconclusive studies that evaluate the effects of coconut oil for aesthetic purposes such as weight loss and reduction of waist circumference, associated or not to the practice of physical activity, which questions the use of this supplement(AU)


Subject(s)
Abdominal Circumference , Palm Oil , Weight Loss
19.
Rev. bras. med. trab ; 14(3): 222-226, set.-dez. 2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-827292

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A síndrome metabólica (SM) tem grande importância para identificação precoce de eventos cardiovasculares. O conhecimento acerca dessa manifestação ainda é escasso, especialmente no âmbito laboral. Objetivo: Identificar colaboradores com SM durante o exame periódico do ano de 2015, de acordo com o sexo e a idade. Métodos: Foi realizado estudo transversal durante o exame periódico de 2015, em que foram avaliados 1.787 colaboradores de uma fábrica de papel no Estado do Paraná, sendo 1.643 homens e 144 mulheres com idades entre 21 e 65 anos. Os colaboradores compareceram ao ambulatório médico com resultado dos exames laboratoriais como glicemia de jejum, colesterol total e frações, e triglicerídeos. Também foram aferidas a pressão arterial, a medida do peso e a altura para o cálculo do índice de massa corporal (IMC) e para a medida da circunferência abdominal. A SM foi definida segundo critério estabelecido pela International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Foi utilizado o teste do χ2 para avaliar a incidência de SM. Resultados: Constatou-se que 16,9% dos colaboradores da fábrica têm SM. Entre os homens, a porcentagem de SM foi de 17,9%, e entre as mulheres, de 5,5%. Conclusão: Esses dados mostram a importância de implantação de Programas de Qualidade de Vida visando reduzir ou prevenir fatores de risco e a ocorrência dos agravos. Esses programas promovem a melhoria da saúde em médio e longo prazo, o que proporciona melhores condições de trabalho e de vida.


Context: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is highly important to the early identification of cardiovascular events. However, knowledge on this manifestation is still rare, especially at the working field. Objective: To identify workers with MS during the 2015 periodic examination according to sex and age. Methods: A cross-sectional study during the 2015 periodic examination was carried out. It evaluated 1,787 workers from a paper factory in the state of Paraná, Brazil (1,643 men and 144 women aged 21 to 65 years). Workers attended the medical outpatient clinic bearing their results of laboratorial examinations, such as fasting blood glucose test, total cholesterol and fractions, and triglycerides. Blood pressure, weight, and height were measured to calculate the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal circumference measurements. The MS was established based on criteria from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). The χ2 test was used for assessing the MS incidence. Results: It was found that 16.9% of the factory workers have MS. The MS percentage among men was of 17.9% and 5.5% among women. Conclusion: These data show the importance of implementing Quality of Life Programs that aim at reducing or preventing risk factors and damage occurrence. These programs promote health improvement at medium and long terms, which provide better work and life conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Body Mass Index , Occupational Health , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Abdominal Circumference , Occupational Medicine , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol ; 19(5): 787-796, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-829938

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate central adiposity in elderly women in a gerontology-geriatric care unit of the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (the Federal University of Pernambuco). Method: A cross-sectional study involving a sample of 182 elderly women, aged from 60 to 89 years, who received care from January to July 2011, was performed. The variables analyzed were the socio-economic and demographic conditions, lifestyle, waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) of the women, as well as the occurrence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and high total cholesterol levels. Yates' chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test were applied. A significance rate of 5% was adopted for the rejection of the null hypothesis. Results: Of the elderly women surveyed 82.4% had a WC signifying a large waist size, 57.2% were over-weight, 78.3% presented hypercholesterolemia, 63.2% had hypertension and 23.6% had diabetes. 61.5% were aged between 60 and 69 years old; 56% received up to two minimum salaries; 63.5% had less than eight years of schooling, 74.7% stated that they did not smoke, 87.9% did not drink alcohol; and 51.4 had sedentary habits. An association was observed between BMI and central adiposity (CA) (p=0.000). CA tended to be present around 1.2 times more frequently in elderly women with excess weight than among those who were not overweight. Conclusion: The high frequency of central adiposity and overweight indicates the susceptibility of this population to these factors. While no association with cardiovascular risk factors was observed, there is a clear need for monitoring by a multidisciplinary team, so as to identify and treat this debilitating condition, thereby contributing to the quality of life of this population. AU


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a adiposidade central em idosas assistidas em uma unidade geronto-geriátrica da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Método: O estudo teve delineamento transversal envolvendo uma amostra de 182 idosas com faixa etária entre 60 a 89 anos, atendidas no período janeiro-julho de 2011. As variáveis analisadas foram: circunferência abdominal (CA), índice de massa corporal, estilo de vida, presença de Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (HAS), diabetes mellitus, colesterol total, condições socioeconômicas e demográficas. Aplicou-se o teste qui-quadrado e o teste exato de Fisher. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5% para rejeição da hipótese de nulidade. Resultado: Das idosas avaliadas, 82,4% indicaram CA muito elevada, 57,2% apresentavam excesso de peso, 78,3% encontravam-se com hipercolesterolemia, 63,2% com HAS e 23,6% eram diabéticas, 61,5% encontravam-se entre 60 a 69 anos, 56% recebiam até 2 salários mínimos, 63,5% estudaram menos de 8 anos, 74,7% relataram não ser tabagista, 87,9% eram abstêmios e 51,4% sedentárias. Observou-se associação entre o Índice de Massa Corporal e AC (p=0,000). A AC tende apresentar cerca de 1,2 vezes no excesso de peso quando comparados com idosos sem AC. Conclusão: A elevada frequência de adiposidade central e o excesso de peso apontam a suscetibilidade dessa população, ainda que nenhuma associação com os fatores de risco cardiovascular tenha sido observada, impõe-se a necessidade de acompanhamento por equipe multidisciplinar para a identificação e tratamento desse agravo, contribuindo para a qualidade de vida dessa população. AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Abdominal Circumference , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases , Health of the Elderly , Obesity, Abdominal
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL