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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 29-31, 20200000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370101

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones traumáticas duodenales son infrecuentes pero producen una tasa de morbi-mortalidad significativa. Se debe tener presente la elevada frecuencia de lesiones asociadas, siendo las de uréter superior las más frecuentes. Masculino de 50 años ingresa por HAF paravertebral derecha. Al ingreso OTE, lucido, vigil, con dolor y defensa abdominal generalizada. En la TC toracobdominal con cte EV y VO se objetiva extravasación de contraste oral a nivel duodenal y en fase excretora renal derecha.Se decide Laparotomía de urgencia objetivando lesión transfixiante de 2da porción de duodeno de < 50% de su circunferencia y sección de uréter derecho proximal. Se realiza rafia en dos planos de duodeno, colocación de pig tail y anastomosis T-T de uréter derecho mas drenaje. Buena evolución postquirúrgica con control tomográfico a las 72 hs sin objetivar fuga. Alta hospitalaria al 6to día. El traumatismo duodenal es una patología rara que se asocia con una tasa considerable de morbimortalidad, su localización retroperitoneal puede hacer que los clásicos signos de peritonismo no estén presentes en el momento de la evaluación, por lo que se recomienda la realización de exámenes clínicos seriados y de estudios complementarios con contraste VO y EV. Las lesiones ureterales asociadas son las más frecuentes. La mayoría tienen una pérdida mínima de tejido, siendo usualmente reparadas mediante desbridación y anastomosis.


Duodenal traumatic injuries are rare but produce a significant morbidity and mortality rate. The high frequency of associated lesions should be kept in mind, with those of the upper ureter being the most frequent. 50-year-old male enters for right paravertebral HAF. At hospital admission, lucid patient and vigil. Thoracoabdominal CT with intravenous and oral contrast show extravasation of oral contrast at the duodenal level and in the right renal excretory phase. Emergency laparotomy is decided by objectifying transfixing lesion of the 2nd portion of the duodenum of <50% of its circumference and proximal right ureter section. Raffia is performed in two planes of the duodenum, placement of pig tail and TT anastomosis of the right ureter plus drainage. Good post-surgical evolution with tomographic control at 72 hours without objectifying leakage. Hospital discharge on the 6th day. Duodenal trauma is a rare pathology that is associated with a considerable morbidity and mortality rate, its retroperitoneal location may make the classic signs of peritonism not present at the time of the evaluation, so clinical exams are recommended series and complementary studies with VO and EV contrast. Associated ureteral lesions are the most frequent, Most have minimal tissue loss, usually repaired by debridement and anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ureter/injuries , Firearms , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Emergency Medical Services , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
2.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 43-47, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092889

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Por su ubicación retroperitoneal, las lesiones de vena cava (LVC) son infrecuentes, presentándose en el contexto de un paciente con múltiples lesiones intraabdominales y en estado crítico. Objetivo Describir la experiencia de pacientes politraumatizados con LVC sometidos a resolución quirúrgica en Hospital Dr. Sotero del Río. Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de 36 pacientes politraumatizados que dentro de la intervención quirúrgica se evidenció LVC en un período comprendido entre el 2010 y 2017. Resultados La serie estuvo compuesta por 36 pacientes, con LVC. El 88,8% son hombres, en el 97,2% el mecanismo de trauma es penetrante. Dentro de los niveles anatómicos vasculares más frecuentemente lesionados está la cava infrarrenal (41,6%), suprarrenal (25%), yuxtarrenal (22,2%) y la retrohepática e intratorácica (5,5% cada una). Las estructuras lesionadas asociadas más frecuentes fueron intestino delgado (38,8%), otros vasos de gran calibre (36,1%) y riñón (30,5%). Dentro del tipo de resolución quirúrgica, al 15,6% se realizó ligadura de vena cava y al 83,3% rafia simple. En 33,3% fue necesaria una toracotomía para el control vascular, siendo 2 de estas toracotomías resucitadoras. La media de hospitalización fue de 19,8 días. La mortalidad fue de 33,3%. Conclusiones De acuerdo a lo presentado, la alta mortalidad de LVC se encontró en el grupo de pacientes con inestabilidad hemodinámica y número de lesiones asociadas, en especial si involucran otros grandes vasos. Los esfuerzos para optimizar la supervivencia se deberían dirigir al traslado rápido prehospitalario y al entrenamiento de los cirujanos que enfrentan este tipo de lesiones.


Introduction For its retroperitoneal location, vena cava injuries are infrequent, however, occurring to a patient with multiple intra-abdominal injuries and in critical condition. Aim To describe the experience of polytraumatized patients with VCI who underwent surgical resolution in the Dr. Sotero del Rio hospital. Materials and Method Retrospective analysis of 36 polytraumatized patients that showed VCI during the surgical intervention within 2010 and 2017. Results The series was composed of 36 VCI patients. 88.8% are men, in 97.2% the mechanism of trauma is penetrating. Within the vascular anatomical levels, the most frequently injured are the infra-renal cava (41.6%) suprarenal (25%), yuxta-renal (22.2%) retro-hepatic and intrathoracic (5.5% each). The most frequent associated injured structures were the small intestine (38.8%) other vessels of large caliber (36.1%) and kidney (30.5%). In relation to the type of surgical resolution, 15.6% had a vena cava ligature and 83.3% simple raffia. In 33.3%, a thoracotomy was required for vascular control, two of them were resuscitative procedures. The average of hospitalization was 19.8 days. The mortality was 33.3%. Conclusions According to what presented, the high mortality of VCI was found in the group of patients with hemodynamic instability and the number of associated injuries; specially if other large vessels are involved. To optimize the survival, the efforts should be focused on a fast prehospital transfer and the training for surgeons who face this type of injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/injuries , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Time Factors , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/mortality
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 76-81, feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092895

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La lesión de la vesícula biliar secundaria a trauma abdominal cerrado constituye un evento infrecuente de perforación traumática de ella, de presentación tardía. Objetivo Revisar la literatura científica actualmente disponible y además describimos un caso. Materiales y Método Utilizando la plataforma PubMed se buscan las siguientes palabras clave: " Blunt abdominal trauma ". Se seleccionan las series con lesiones de la vesícula biliar: " Traumatic gallbladder rupture". Se seleccionan los reportes de lesiones aisladas de la vesícula biliar: " Isolated gallbladder rupture ". Se seleccionan los reportes de presentación tardía de lesiones aisladas de la vesícula biliar: " Delayed presentation of isolated gallbladder rupture ". Resultados De todas estas publicaciones se seleccionan las que a criterio de los autores son relevantes para el presente caso. Discusión La mayoría de las perforaciones de la vesícula biliar se producen en vesículas sanas de paredes delgadas distendidas por el ayuno o el consumo de alcohol. No existe una presentación clínica clásica. Los estudios imagenológicos son inespecíficos y se llega al diagnóstico definitivo durante la exploración quirúrgica. El tratamiento de esta lesión es la colecistectomía. Conclusiones El diagnóstico no es fácil, pero la resolución es relativamente simple y el pronóstico es bueno. El presente caso ilustra este tipo de lesiones en pacientes con trauma abdominal cerrado.


Introduction Gallbladder injury secondary to blunt abdominal trauma is a rare event. Aim Review the current available scientific literature and describe a case. Materials and Method Using the PubMed platform, the following keywords were searched: "Blunt abdominal trauma". Series with gallbladder lesions were selected: "Traumatic gallbladder rupture". Reports of isolated lesions of the gallbladder were selected: "Isolated gallbladder rupture". Reports of late presentation of isolated lesions of the gallbladder were selected: "Delayed presentation of isolated gallbladder rupture". Of all these publications, those that were relevant to the present case were selected according to the criteria of the authors. Case report A 20 years-old male patient suffered an abdominal trauma two weeks before presentation at our Institution. He underwent an exploratory laparotomy showing bilious content and a gallbladder perforation over the peritoneal wall as an isolated injury. Discussion Most isolated gallbladder perforations occur in healthy gallbladders with thin walls and distended because fasting or alcohol consumption. There are no classical clinical features to diagnose this specific injury and radiologic studies are nonspecific. Definitive diagnosis is often reached during surgery as it was with our patient. Recommended treatment is cholecystectomy. Conclusions This case illustrates this unique kind of gallbladder injury in patients with blunt abdominal trauma. A clear diagnosis is not easy however, the treatment is simple and prognosis is good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy/methods , Gallbladder/injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Gallbladder/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Abdominal Injuries/diagnosis
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the epidemiological profile of patients undergoing exploratory trauma laparotomy based on severity and prognosis criteria, and to determine the predictive accuracy of trauma scoring systems in terms of morbidity and mortality. Methods: retrospective cohort study and review of medical records of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for blunt or penetrating trauma at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre, from November 2015 to November 2019. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, physiological (RTS and Shock Index), anatomical (ISS, NISS and ATI) and combined (TRISS and NTRISS) trauma scores, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, length of stay and outcomes. Results: 506 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 31 ± 13 years, with the majority being males (91.3%). Penetrating trauma was the most common mechanism of injury (86.2%), predominantly by firearms. The average RTS at hospital admission was 7.5 ± 0.7. The mean ISS and NISS was 16.5 ± 10.1 and 22.3 ± 13.6, respectively. The probability of survival estimated by TRISS was 95.5%, and by NTRISS 93%. The incidence of postoperative complications was 39.7% and the overall mortality was 12.8%. The most accurate score for predicting mortality was the NTRISS (88.5%), followed by TRISS, NISS and ISS. Conclusion: the study confirms the applicability of trauma scores in the studied population. The NTRISS seems to be the best predictor of morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma com base em critérios de gravidade e prognóstico, e determinar a acurácia preditiva dos escores de trauma em termos de morbimortalidade. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectiva e revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma contuso ou penetrante no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre no período de novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, mecanismo do trauma, lesões associadas, índices fisiológicos (RTS e Shock Index), anatômicos (ISS, NISS e ATI) e mistos (TRISS e NTRISS), achados intraoperatórios, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de internação e desfecho. Resultados: foram incluídos 506 pacientes na análise. A idade média foi de 31 ± 13 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (91,3%). O trauma penetrante foi o mecanismo de lesão mais comum (86,2%), sendo a maioria por arma de fogo. A média do RTS na admissão hospitalar foi 7,5 ± 0,7. A média do ISS e do NISS foi 16,5 ± 10,1 e 22,3 ± 13,6, respectivamente. A probabilidade de sobrevida estimada pelo TRISS foi de 95,5%, e pelo NTRISS de 93%. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 39,7% e a mortalidade geral de 12,8%. O escore com melhor acurácia preditiva foi o NTRISS (88,5%), seguido pelo TRISS, NISS e ISS. Conclusões: o estudo confirma a aplicabilidade dos escores de trauma na população em questão. O NTRISS parece ser o sistema com melhor acurácia preditiva de morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Predictive Value of Tests , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Middle Aged
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(2): 53-61, apr 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025650

ABSTRACT

La cirugía de control de daños (CCD), surge con el afán de mejorar los pobres resultados obtenidos con el abordaje quirúrgico tradicional en traumatismos abdominales graves y exanguinantes en pacientes críticos con escasa reserva fisiológica. Se define con una "cirugía por etapas", con un primer tiempo quirúrgico corto para controlar el sangrado y la contaminación con cierre temporario abdominal, seguido de un período de reanimación en unidad de cuidados intensivos y, finalmente, de reparación definitiva de las lesiones. Se revisaron las histrias clínicas de 41 pacientes sometidos a éste tipo de cirugía en el período comprendido entre marzo de 2011 y octubre de 2017 en el Hospital Municipal de Urgencias de la ciudad de Córdoba, 29 hombres y 12 mujeres, en cuanto al mecanismo lesional 23 casos fueron por trauma cerrado y 18 penetrantes. La edad promedio fue de 30 años, 28 pacientes presentaron lesiones asociadas, siendo las más frecuentes las torácicas en 14 pacientes y la mortalidad global de la serie del 41% (17 pacientes). El grupo etario involucrado, la distribución por sexo, y la mortalidad de nuestra serie no difiere de la bibliografía consultada


Damaage control surgery (CCD) arises with the aim of imporving the poor results obtained with the traditional surgical approach in severe and exanguinating abdominal trauma in critically ill patients with scarce physiological reserve. It is defined as a "step surgery", with a short surgical first time to control bleeding and contamination with temporary abdominal closure, followed by a period of resuscitation in the intensive care unit and, finally, definitive repair of the injuries. We revierwed the medical rcords of 41 patients undergoing this type of surgery in the period between arch 2011 and October 2017 at the Municipal Emergenci Hospital of the city of Córdoba, 29 men and 12 women, regarding the mechanism of injury 23 cases were due to closed trauma and 18 penetrating. The average age was 30 years, 28 patients had associated injuries, the most frequent being thoracic in 14 patients and the overall mortality of the series of 41% (17 patients). The age group involved, the distributin by sex, and the mortality of our series does not differ from the bibliography consulted


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Trauma Severity Indices , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Harm Reduction , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/prevention & control , Patient Harm/prevention & control , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(5): e1970, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976929

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a influência do local de ocorrência do trauma nos escores de trauma de pacientes submetidos à laparotomia de emergência. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo observacional analítico. Foram incluídos 212 pacientes submetidos à laparotomias exploratórias no período de janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2017. Informações sobre o local do acidente e dados vitais dos pacientes foram obtidas com base na coleta de dados por meio de prontuários eletrônicos e físicos. Foram analisados os índices de trauma de pacientes provenientes de Curitiba e Região Metropolitana e o local em que o paciente foi socorrido (estabelecimento físico ou via pública). Resultados: entre os 212 pacientes estudados, 184 (86,7%) foram trazidos pelo Serviço de Atendimento Pré-Hospitalar provenientes da cidade Curitiba e 28 (13,3%) provenientes de Região Metropolitana de Curitiba. Foram socorridos em estabelecimentos físicos 25 pacientes (17,6%), enquanto 117 (82,4%) foram socorridos em via pública. Observou-se maiores valores de ISS (Injurity Severity Score) dos pacientes procedentes da Região Metropolitana em relação aos procedentes de Curitiba (29,78 vs 22,46, P=0,009), enquanto valores maiores do TRISS (Trauma Trauma and Injury Severity Score) foram observados em pacientes procedentes de Curitiba em relação aos da Região Metropolitana (90,62 vs 81,30; P=0,015). Pacientes socorridos em via pública apresentaram menor valor de RTS (Revised Trauma Score) (6,96 vs 7,65; P=0,024) e TRISS (86,42 vs 97,21; P=0,012). Conclusão: pacientes vítimas de trauma procedentes de locais mais distantes do atendimento no centro de referência apresentaram pior prognóstico à admissão e foi observado pior prognóstico em pacientes socorridos em via pública.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the influence of the site of trauma occurrence on the trauma scores of patients submitted to emergency laparotomy. Methods: this is a retrospective, observational, analytical study. We included 212 patients who underwent exploratory laparotomies in the period of January 2015 and December 2017. We obtained information about the accident site and vital data of the patients based on data collection through electronic and physical records. We analyzed the trauma indices of patients from Curitiba and its Metropolitan Region and the place where the patient was rescued (physical establishment or public road). Results: among the 212 patients studied, 184 (86.7%) were brought by the Prehospital Care Service from the city of Curitiba, and 28 (13.3%), from the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba. Twenty-five patients (17.6%) were rescued in physical establishments, while 117 (82.4%) were rescued on public roads. We observed higher values ​​of Injurity Severity Scores (ISS) in patients coming from the Metropolitan Region than in those coming from Curitiba (29.78 vs 22.46, P=0.009), but higher values ​​of Trauma and Injury Severity Scores (TRISS) in patients from Curitiba than the ones from the Metropolitan Region (90.62 vs 81.30, P=0.015). Patients rescued in public roads presented lower Revised Trauma Scores (RTS) (6.96 vs 7.65, P=0.024) and TRISS (86.42 vs 97.21; P=0.012). Conclusion: trauma victims from sites more distant from the referral center and rescued on public roads presented worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Laparotomy/statistics & numerical data , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Trauma Severity Indices , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Injuries/mortality , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 325-327, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899610

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática tras traumatismo abdominal cerrado. Caso clínico: Paciente que acude a urgencias por intenso dolor abdominal, tras sufrir traumatismo toraco-abdominal cerrado al caer de una bicicleta. Posteriormente a su ingreso desarrolló fiebre, ictericia y patrón analítico de colestasis. Se solicitó colangiorresonancia magnética donde no se pudo valorar correctamente la vía biliar, pero se evidenció abundante líquido intraabdominal que no correspondía a sangre. Se indicó cirugía urgente ante la sospecha de lesión biliar. Se objetivó lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática mediante colangiografía intra-operatoria y se decidió colocación de prótesis intrabiliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) intraoperatoria. Conclusión: La cirugía ha sido el tratamiento convencional para la lesión de la vía biliar, pero en la actualidad la CPRE con esfinterotomía y colocación de prótesis intrabiliar es un tratamiento adecuado y resolutivo de este tipo de lesiones pudiéndose considerar como tratamiento de primera línea.


Aim: To report a clinical case of biliar injury intrapancreatic in closed abdominal trauma. Clinical case: Patient who comes to the emergency room by severe abdominal pain after suffering thoraco-abdominal blunt trauma after falling from a bicycle. After his admission he developed fever, jaundice and analytical standards of cholestasis. Magnetic resonance which failed to correctly assess the bile duct was requested but showed plenty of intra-abdominal fluid blood that did not match. Emergency surgery for suspected biliary injury was reported. Intrapancreatic injury bile duct was observed by intraoperative cholangiography and prosthesis was decided intrabiliary by intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Conclusions: Surgery has been the standard treatment for bile duct injury, but now ERCP with sphincterotomy and placement of intrabiliary prosthesis is adequate and operative treatment of these injuries and can be considered as first-line treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas/injuries , Bile Ducts/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Bile Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiography , Jaundice/etiology , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
11.
Hosp. Aeronáut. Cent ; 12(1): 29-35, 2017. tabl
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-911117

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El traumatismo abdominal es una de las consultas más frecuentes en los servicios de urgencia. El aprendizaje del control de las lesiones vasculares abdominales es un desafío constante para el cirujano. La correcta identificación de las estructuras anatómicas y manejo de las lesiones de las mismas permiten disminuir los potenciales eventos adversos y la morbimortalidad de los pacientes quirúrgicos. Objetivos: Demostrar la necesidad de utilización de modelos experimentales para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje del control vascular del abdomen en el trauma abdominal. Material y Método: Se consideraron dos periodos, entre los meses de Junio 2014 y Marzo 2016. El primer periodo se realizó jornadas de observación y aprendizaje de la anatomía en 15 cadáveres formolizados. En el segundo periodo se realizaron maniobras y abordajes para el control vascular en 5 modelos cadavéricos frescos y en 12 modelos experimentales animales vivos. Se realizaron evaluaciones mediante evaluación directa con posterior feedback. Se consideraron 10 médicos residentes de cirugía general del Hospital Aeronáutico Central. Resultados: Se intervinieron modelos animados porcinos en los cuales realizaron: M. Matox (60%), M. Catell-Brasch (50%), M. Pringle (40%), Clampeo Hilio Renal (90%), Clampeo Hilio Esplénico (90%), Packing Pélvico Subperitoneal (20%). Los restantes debieron finalizar el procedimiento con asistencia del médico especialista. Se intervinieron cadáveres frescos en los cuales realizaron: M. Matox (80%), M. Catell-Brasch (70%), M. Pringle (70%), Clampeo Hilio Renal (90%), Clampeo Hilio Esplénico (90%), Packing Pélvico Subperitoneal (60%). Los restantes requirieron asistencia de médico especialista para realizar correctamente el procedimiento. 8 (80%) médicos residentes lograron reconocer las estructuras anatómicas en todos los procedimientos. Se realizaron las estaciones de feedback correspondiente a cada residente. Conclusión: La utilización de nuevas herramientas educativas y la implementación de alternativas en los programas de formación generan resultados satisfactorios en el desempeño de los residentes de Cirugía General. El aprendizaje de la anatomía humana normal mediante demostración cadavérica favorece el reconocimiento de las estructuras anatómicas durante el acto quirúrgico. La utilización de modelos experimentales disminuye el riesgo de producir eventos adversos en cirugía


Introduction: Abdominal trauma is one of the most frequent reason for consultation in emergency services. Learning to exert control over abdominal vascular injury is a constant challenge for the surgeon who works in the emergency department. The correct identification of anatomical structures and the correct managment of injuries are likely to reduce potential unfavorable evolutions, morbidity and mortality of surgical patients by improving the survival rate. The aim of this study is to establish the need for USING experimental models for teaching and learning abdominal vascular control in the presence of abdominal trauma.Objectives: the objective of the following work is to delimit zones of easy and quick access to approach subclavian vessels. Material and method: we used n: 30 formaldehyde cadaveric preparations which were dissected in a period from march to September 2016. After the dissection period, a period of demonstration and learning was carried out, where 10 general surgery residents were evaluated on their anatomical knowledge. In the following period, ten subclavian vessels were approached in fresh cadaveric preparations taking on account the time used for the boarding. Time limit of 2 minutes and 3 seconds was set. The residents who obtained a longer average time, repeated the demonstration and learning stage until the stipulated time was improved. Results: the correct approach of subclavian vessels with previous training provides a safe escenary for the patient. The commitment of the subclavian vessels in emergency room requires the shortest possible time to approach it, cause its injury is vital. Conclusions: The approach of subclavian vessels in neck is the special interest for training residents of general surgery. The incorporation of cadaveric models for the acquisition of skills in vascular control of subclavian vessels, decreases the morbidity and mortality of patients with vessel injury in the emergency room


Subject(s)
General Surgery/education , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Models, Anatomic , Humans/abnormalities , Animals
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 36(2): 75-79, Apr-Jun. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785868

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the epidemiological profile of children and adolescents with intestinal stoma, assisted at the Presidente Dutra University Hospital (HUPD), São Luís (MA). Methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective, and individuated study. Data were collected from 110 children and adolescents with elimination intestinal stoma, from January 2006 to February 2013. The following variables were analyzed: age, gender, patient origin, and stomata indication, type, and temporal character. After data collection, descriptive analysis was made by Bioestat 5.0 program. Results: Of 110 patients, 78.2% were male and 21.8% female. The average age was 9.4 years old. 55.5% came from the Maranhão state countryside, and 44.5% from the capital, São Luís. Regarding stoma type, colostomies made up 88.2%, and were 11.8% ileostomies, all temporary stoma. The main cause was trauma (42.7%), with firearm abdominal puncture being the most frequent cause (71.5% of the category); followed by congenital anomalies (38.2%), and obstructive (5.4%) and inflammatory (4.5%) causes. Conclusion: Studied children and adolescents were mostly male, from Maranhão state countryside. The main cause was trauma, and colostomy was the most common stoma type.


Objetivos: Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico de crianças e adolescentes portadores de estomas intestinais atendidos no Hospital Universitário Presidente Dutra (HUPD) em São Luís (MA). Métodos: Estudo observacional, descritivo, retrospectivo e individuado em que foram coletados dados de 110 crianças e adolescentes com estomas intestinais de eliminação de janeiro de 2006 a fevereiro de 2013. Analisaram-se as variáveis: idade, sexo, procedência dos pacientes, indicação, tipo e caráter temporal dos estomas. Após coleta dos dados, foi feita análise descritiva pelo programa Bioestat 5.0. Resultados: Dos 110 pacientes, 78,2% eram do sexo masculino e 21,8% do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 9,4 anos. 55,5% era procedente do interior do Estado do Maranhão e 44,5% da capital, São Luís. Com relação ao tipo: 88,2% eram colostomias e 11,8% ileostomias, todos os estomas temporários. A causa principal foi o trauma (42,7%), sendo a perfuração abdominal por arma de fogo a mais frequente (71,5% da categoria); seguido pelas anomalias congênitas (38,2%), causas obstrutivas (5,4%) e inflamatórias (4,5%). Conclusão: As crianças e adolescentes estudados eram, em sua maioria, do sexo masculino, proveniente do interior do Estado do Maranhão, tendo como principal causa a traumática e a colostomia como o tipo de estoma mais comum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Congenital Abnormalities/epidemiology , Health Profile , Rectovaginal Fistula/epidemiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Congenital Abnormalities/surgery , Ostomy , Colostomy , Ileostomy , Rectal Prolapse/epidemiology , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(2): 202-207, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the vital capacity after two chest therapy techniques in patients undergoing abdominal surgical. Methods A prospective randomized study carried out with patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit after abdominal surgery. We checked vital capacity, muscular strength using the Medical Research Council scale, and functionality with the Functional Independence Measure the first time the patient was breathing spontaneously (D1), and also upon discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (Ddis). Between D1 and Ddis, respiratory therapy was carried out according to the randomized group. Results We included 38 patients, 20 randomized to Positive Intermittent Pressure Group and 18 to Volumetric Incentive Spirometer Group. There was no significant gain related to vital capacity of D1 and Ddis of Positive Intermittent Pressure Group (mean 1,410mL±547.2 versus 1,809mL±692.3; p=0.979), as in the Volumetric Incentive Spirometer Group (1,408.3mL±419.1 versus 1,838.8mL±621.3; p=0.889). We observed a significant improvement in vital capacity in D1 (p<0.001) and Ddis (p<0.001) and in the Functional Independence Measure (p<0.001) after respiratory therapy. The vital capacity improvement was not associated with gain of muscle strength. Conclusion Chest therapy, with positive pressure and volumetric incentive spirometer, was effective in improving vital capacity of patients submitted to abdominal surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a capacidade vital comparando duas técnicas de fisioterapia respiratória em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia abdominal. Métodos Estudo prospectivo e randomizado realizado com pacientes admitidos em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva após cirurgia abdominal. Verificamos a capacidade vital, a força muscular por meio da escala do Medical Research Council e funcionalidade pela Medida de Independência Funcional no primeiro momento em que o paciente encontrava-se em respiração espontânea (D1) e na alta da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (Dalta). Entre D1 e Dalta, foi realizada a fisioterapia respiratória, conforme o grupo randomizado. Resultados Foram incluídos 38 pacientes, sendo 20 randomizados para Grupo Pressão Positiva Intermitente e 18 para o Grupo Incentivador Inspiratório a Volume. A capacidade vital entre o D1 e Dalta do Grupo Pressão Positiva Intermitente não teve ganho significativo (média de 1.410mL±547,2 versus 1.809mL±692,3; p=0,979), assim como no Grupo Incentivador Inspiratório a Volume (1.408,3mL±419,1 versus 1.838,8mL±621,3; p=0,889). Houve melhora significativa da capacidade vital no D1 (p<0,001) e na Dalta (p<0,001) e da Medida de Independência Funcional (p<0,001) após a fisioterapia respiratória. A melhora da capacidade vital não apresentou relação com o ganho da força muscular. Conclusão A fisioterapia respiratória, por meio de pressão positiva ou de incentivador inspiratório a volume, foi eficaz na melhora da capacidade vital em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia abdominal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Care/rehabilitation , Spirometry/methods , Respiratory Muscles/physiology , Vital Capacity/physiology , Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Muscle Strength/physiology , Abdominal Injuries/rehabilitation
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 55(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781184

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las lesiones traumáticas penetrantes del abdomen involucran usualmente la violación de la cavidad abdominal por una herida realizada con arma blanca u otro tipo de objeto cortopunzante. Esto constituye un problema de salud y uno de los motivos de urgencia, más comunes en la consulta de cirugía. En Cuba, los accidentes donde se incluyen este tipo de lesiones constituyeron la quinta causa de defunciones, en ambos sexos, en el año 2014. Objetivo: evaluar los criterios indicativos de laparotomía en pacientes con heridas abdominales por arma blanca. Método: se realizó un estudio de evaluación de medios diagnósticos en pacientes sometidos a una laparotomía exploratoria por herida abdominal con arma blanca. La población estuvo constituida por todos los pacientes con este tipo de lesión y la muestra por los intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Se evaluaron diversos elementos clínicos y complementarios indicativos de laparotomía ante la posibilidad de lesión orgánica significativa. Resultados: la edad promedio fue de 32 años; predominó el sexo masculino (91,3 por ciento). De los pacientes, 41,3 por ciento se presentaron signos de intoxicación exógena, y 51,25 por ciento de las laparotomías fueron terapéuticas. Mostraron mejores resultados de sensibilidad, especificidad y valores predictivos positivos la presencia de choque hipovolémico (84,2 por ciento), signos clínicos de hemorragia continua (82,4 por ciento) y perforación obvia del tracto gastrointestinal (90,9 por ciento). Entre los complementarios la laparoscopia mostró valores de sensibilidad (89,5 por ciento) y especificidad (81,8 por ciento) superior al resto. Conclusiones: el choque hipovolémico, los signos de hemorragia continua, signos de perforación obvia del tracto gastrointestinal, y la laparoscopia revelaron los mejores resultados como criterios indicativos de laparotomía en heridas abdominales por arma blanca(AU)


Introduction: penetrating traumatic lesions of the abdomen usually leads to damage in the abdominal cavity from a wound caused with a white weapon or other sharp-piercing object. This circumstance constitutes a health problem and one of the most common reasons for emergency consultation in surgery. This type of lesions was the fifth leading cause of death for both sexes in Cuba in 2014. Objective: to evaluate the criteria indicative of laparotomy in patients with abdominal wounds caused with a white weapon. Method: a diagnostic modalities assessment study was carried out in patients who underwent exploratory laparotomy for abdominal wound caused by a white weapon. The target group was made up by the patients with this type of lesions. The sample consisted of surgery patients (n= 80). Several clinical and complementary elements indicative of laparotomy were assessed before the possibility of significant organic lesions. Results: the average age was 32 years, with a predominance of males (91.3 percent). 41.3 percent of the patients showed exogenous intoxication signs, only 51.25 percent of laparotomies were therapeutic ones. The presence of hypovolemic shock (84.2 percent), clinical signs of ongoing bleeding (82.4 percent) and obvious gastrointestinal tract perforation (90.9 percent) showed better sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values. Among the complementary tests, laparoscopy showed values of sensitivity (89.5 percent) and specificity (81.8 percent) higher than the others. Conclusions: hypovolemic shock, signs of ongoing bleeding and signs of obvious gastrointestinal tract perforation, and laparoscopy showed the best results as criteria indicative of laparotomy in abdominal stab wounds(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Abdominal Injuries/diagnosis , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Laparotomy/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds, Stab
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 55(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781188

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones posoperatorias en pacientes sometidos a cirugía mayor torácica o abdominal son eventos frecuentes, asociados a una mala evolución. El objetivo de este trabajo es precisar las definiciones, características epidemiológicas y clasificaciones de severidad de las complicaciones posoperatorias en la cirugía mayor torácica y abdominal. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre las complicaciones posoperatorias en la cirugía mayor torácica y abdominal. Se presentan las definiciones atendiendo a las complicaciones posoperatorias. Se discuten los reportes referentes a la incidencia y mortalidad de las complicaciones más importantes. Por último, se abordan las principales herramientas de clasificación de severidad de las complicaciones posoperatorias. Las complicaciones posoperatorias son eventos frecuentes que incrementan las complicaciones y mortalidad. Deben aplicarse instrumentos de estratificación de riesgo, monitorizar estrechamente su aparición y gravedad, así como actuar rápida y oportunamente para su solución((AU)


Postoperative complications in patients undergoing thoracic or abdominal major surgery are frequent events associated with a poor evolution. The aim of this paper is to clarify the definitions, epidemiological characteristics and classifications postoperative complications severity in most thoracic and abdominal surgery. A literature review on postoperative complications in most thoracic and abdominal surgery was carried out. Definitions are stated regarding postoperative complications. Reports are discussed concerning the incidence and mortality of the most important complications. Finally, the main tools for postoperative complications severity classification are discussed. Postoperative complications are frequent events that increase complications and mortality. Risk stratification tools should be applied, their appearance and severity should be closely monitored, as well as to act quickly and timely for a solution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Review , Thoracic Surgery
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 42(4): 259-264, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTObjective:identify risk factors for mortality in patients who underwent laparotomy after blunt abdominal trauma.Methods:retrospective study, case-control, which were reviewed medical records of blunt trauma victims patients undergoing laparotomy, from March 2013 to January 2015, and compared the result of the deaths group with the group healed.Results:of 86 patients, 63% were healed, 36% died, and one patient was excluded from the study. Both groups had similar epidemiology and trauma mechanism, predominantly young adults males, automobilistic accident. Most cases that evolved to death had hemodynamic instability as laparotomy indication - 61% against 38% in the other group (p=0.02). The presence of solid organ injury was larger in the group of deaths - 80% versus 48% (p=0.001) and 61% of them had other associated abdominal injury compared to 25% in the other group (p=0.01). Of the patients who died 96% had other serious injuries associated (p=0.0003). Patients requiring damage control surgery had a higher mortality rate (p=0.0099). Only one of 18 patients with isolated hollow organ lesion evolved to death (p=0.0001). The mean injury score of TRISS of cured (91.70%) was significantly higher than that of deaths (46.3%) (p=0.002).Conclusion:the risk factors for mortality were hemodynamic instability as an indication for laparotomy, presence of solid organ injury, multiple intra-abdominal injuries, need for damage control surgery, serious injury association and low index of trauma score.


RESUMOObjetivo:identificar fatores de risco para óbito em pacientes submetidos à laparotomia exploradora após trauma abdominal contuso.Métodos:estudo retrospectivo, caso-controle, no qual foram revisados prontuários dos pacientes vítimas de trauma contuso submetidos à laparotomia. Foram avaliados: variáveis epidemiológicas, mecanismo de trauma, lesões anatômicas das vísceras abdominais, lesões associadas, necessidade de operação para controle de danos reoperação e desfecho.Resultados:dos 86 pacientes, 63% foram curados, 36% foram a óbito e um paciente foi excluído do estudo. Ambos os grupos possuíam epidemiologia e mecanismo de trauma semelhantes, predominantemente adultos jovens do sexo masculino, vítimas de acidente automobilístico. A maioria dos casos que evoluíram a óbito teve instabilidade hemodinâmica como indicação de laparotomia - 61% contra 38% do outro grupo. A presença de lesão de víscera maciça foi maior no grupo óbitos - 80% vs. 48%, e 61% destes tinham outra lesão abdominal associada contra 25% dos curados. Dos pacientes que faleceram, 96% apresentavam lesões graves associadas. Pacientes que necessitaram de cirurgia de controle de danos tiveram maior taxa de mortalidade. Apenas um de 18 pacientes com lesão de víscera oca isolada evoluiu a óbito. A média do escore de trauma TRISS dos curados (91,7%) foi significativamente maior do que a dos óbitos (46,3%).Conclusão:os fatores de risco para óbito encontrados para vítimas de trauma abdominal fechado que necessitam de laparotomia exploradora são: instabilidade hemodinâmica como indicação para laparotomia, presença de lesão de víscera maciça, múltiplas lesões intra-abdominais, necessidade de cirurgia de controle de danos, lesões graves associadas e índice de trauma baixo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/mortality , Laparotomy , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 41(1): 75-79, Jan-Feb/2014.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-707272

ABSTRACT

The meeting of the Publication "Evidence Based Telemedicine - Trauma and Emergency Surgery" (TBE-CiTE), through literature review, selected three recent articles on the treatment of victims stab wounds to the abdominal wall. The first study looked at the role of computed tomography (CT) in the treatment of patients with stab wounds to the abdominal wall. The second examined the use of laparoscopy over serial physical examinations to evaluate patients in need of laparotomy. The third did a review of surgical exploration of the abdominal wound, use of diagnostic peritoneal lavage and CT for the early identification of significant lesions and the best time for intervention. There was consensus to laparotomy in the presence of hemodynamic instability or signs of peritonitis, or evisceration. The wound should be explored under local anesthesia and if there is no injury to the aponeurosis the patient can be discharged. In the presence of penetration into the abdominal cavity, serial abdominal examinations are safe without CT. Laparoscopy is well indicated when there is doubt about any intracavitary lesion, in centers experienced in this method.


A reunião de Revista "Telemedicina Baseada em Evidências - Cirurgia do Trauma e Emergência" (TBE-CiTE) através de revisão da literatura selecionou três artigos recentes sobre o tratamento do paciente vítima de agressão por arma branca na parede abdominal. O primeiro trabalho observou o papel da tomografia computadorizada (TC) no tratamento do paciente com agressão por arma branca na parede abdominal. O segundo analisou o uso da laparoscopia diagnóstica em detrimento do exame físico seriado para avaliar os pacientes com necessidade de laparotomia terapêutica. O terceiro fez uma avaliação da exploração cirúrgica do ferimento abdominal, uso do lavado peritoneal diagnóstico e TC na identificação precoce de lesões significativas e o melhor momento para intervenção. Houve consenso para a indicação de laparotomia na presença de instabilidade hemodinâmica, ou sinais de peritonite, ou evisceração. O ferimento deve ser explorado sob anestesia local e se não houver lesão da aponeurose o doente pode receber alta. Na presença de penetração na cavidade abdominal, o exame seriado do abdome é seguro, sem a necessidade de TC. A laparoscopia está bem indicada quando existe dúvida de lesão intracavitária em centros com experiência nesse método.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Practice Guidelines as Topic
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 52(3): 194-204, jul.-sep. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-696695

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar los traumas abdominales atendidos en la Clínica Multiperfil. Luanda, Angola en el periodo de enero del 2010 a junio del 2012. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo y transversal en 147 pacientes que presentaron traumatismo abdominal, atendidos en la Clínica Multiperfil, Luanda, Angola. Resultados: se clasificó el trauma abdominal en abierto (38 porciento) y cerrado (61,9 porciento) con predominio de este último. Los órganos más afectados, fueron el hígado para el 37,6 porciento seguido por el intestino delgado, con el 25,8 porciento. Se empleó la conducta quirúrgica a un total de 57,1 porciento de los casos, de ellos un 36,7 porciento forman parte del trauma abierto. Se realizó laparotomía terapéutica en el 39,4 porciento de los pacientes, seguido de la cirugía de control de daños (14,2 porciento). Predominó el shock hipovolémico en un 17 porciento. Fallecieron un total de 12,2 porciento pacientes y en las primeras 24 horas un 5,4 porciento de este. Con un predominio en los casos mayores de 50 años (66,6 porciento) con signos de shock al ingreso (100 porciento). Un GCS inferior a 8 (88,8 porciento), y la ISS mas de 25 (100 porciento). Conclusiones: el trauma abdominal es frecuente en la población de Luanda, su diagnóstico y tratamiento resulta difícil por la variedad y número de lesiones, presentando ocasionalmente complicaciones fatales que repercuten en la mortalidad(AU)


Objective: To characterize abdominal trauma treated at Multiperfil Clinic in Luanda, Angola, from January 2010 to June 2012. Methods: A descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study was performed in 147 patients with abdominal trauma, who were admitted to Multiperfil Clinic in Luanda, Angola from January 2010 to June 2012. Results: The abdominal trauma was classified into open (38 percent) and closed (61.9 percent), being the last one predominant. The most affected organs were liver (37.6 percent) followed by the small intestine( 25.8 percent). The surgical procedure was applied to 57.1 percent of patients of whom 36.7 percent suffered open traumas. Therapeutic laparotomy was performed in 39.4 percent of cases, followed by damage control surgery in 14.2 percent. Hypovolemic shock prevailed (17 percent); 12.2 percent of patients died and 5.4 percent of this amount within the first 24 hours. Especially in older than 50 years (66.6 percent) with signs of shock at admission (100 percent) a GCS less than 8 (88.8 percent), and the ISS over 25 (100 percent). Conclusions: Abdominal trauma is common in the population of Luanda; diagnosis and treatment are difficult because of the variety and number of lesions, presenting occasionally fatal complications that have an impact on the mortality rate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods
19.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 26(2): 129-132, abr.-jun. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-684425

ABSTRACT

RACIONAL: O fígado é o órgão intra-abdominal mais comumente lesado em pacientes vítimas de trauma. A lesão ocorre mais frequentemente no trauma penetrante do que no contuso. A mortalidade é de 10%. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a morbimortalidade dos pacientes com trauma hepático, o manuseio aplicado a esses pacientes e sua evolução. MÉTODO: Foram analisados, retrospectivamente, os prontuários de todos os pacientes com trauma hepático e indicação cirúrgica, admitidos na emergência. Consideraram-se: sexo, faixa etária, ISS (injury severity score), classificação do tipo de trauma abdominal (aberto ou fechado), instrumento causador dos traumas abertos, grau da lesão, segmentos hepáticos envolvidos, presença de lesões associadas, tipo de tratamento cirúrgico realizado: laparotomia não-terapêutica e laparotomia terapêutica, reoperações, complicações, tempo de internamento em dias e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Cento e trinta e sete pacientes participaram do estudo. Destes, 124 eram do sexo masculino (90,5%). Quanto à faixa etária, a maioria (56,2%) encontrava-se entre 20-29 anos. O trauma abdominal fechado foi o mais comum (67,9%). Dos penetrantes, os originados por arma de fogo foram em maior número (24,8%). Cento e três pacientes apresentaram apenas um segmento lesado (75,2%) e 34 (24,8%) dois. As lesões de grau II foram as mais comuns (66,4%). Dos 137 pacientes submetidos à laparotomia, 89 foram não-terapêutica, enquanto que em 48 foi necessário reparos das lesões associadas. O baço e o diafragma foram as estruturas lesadas com maior frequência, 30% e 26%, respectivamente. O ISS variou de oito a 72, sendo o ISS > 50 (oito pacientes) associado com evolução fatal (cinco pacientes). Fístula biliar e abscesso hepático foram as principais complicações. Ocorreram sete óbitos no estudo. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes com trauma hepático e lesões orgânicas concomitantes e naqueles com ISS > 50 observou-se maior chance de complicações e óbito.


BACKGROUND: The liver is the intra-abdominal organ more injured in patient victims of trauma. The injury occurs more frequently in the penetrating trauma. The incidence of mortality for injuries of the liver is 10%. AIM: To evaluate the mortality of the patients with hepatic trauma, the treatment applied and its evolution. METHODS: Were analyzed, retrospectively, the charts of all patients with hepatic trauma and surgical indication. Were analyzed: gender, age, ISS (injury severity score), classification of the abdominal trauma type (open or closed), causing instrument of the open traumas, degree of the injury, hepatic segments involved, presence of associated injuries, type of surgical treatment: not-therapeutic laparotomy and therapeutic laparotomy, reoperations, complications, time of hospitalization in days and mortality. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-seven patients participated. Of these, 124 were men (90.5%). The majority (56.2%) had 20-29 years old. Closed abdominal trauma was most prevalent (67.9%). Of the penetrating traumas, the originated with firearms were in 24.8%. One hundred and three patients had only one injured hepatic segment (75.2%) and 34 (24.8%) two. Grade II injuries were in 66.4%. Of the 137 patients with laparotomy, 89 had been not-therapeutic, while in 48 it was necessary to repair associated injuries. Spleen and diaphragm had been the more frequently injured structures, 30% and 26%, respectively. The ISS varied of eight to 72, being the ISS > 50 (eight patients) associate with fatal evolution (five patients). Biliary fistula and hepatic abscess had been the main complications. Seven deaths had occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant injuries, hepatic and other organs, associated with ISS > 50 presented higher possibility of complications and death.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Liver/injuries , Liver/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Abdominal Injuries/mortality , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies
20.
Lima; s.n; 2013. 47 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1113042

ABSTRACT

La relaparotomía es la cirugía para examinar el contenido visceral luego de una laparotomía ante la presencia de complicaciones y estas pueden ser de carácter inmediato o mediato, algunos autores lo definen hasta los 60 días posteriores de la primera intervención, la cual puede ser de forma programada o a demanda; el presente estudio se realiza en pacientes intervenidos por relaparotomía a demanda. El objetivo principal de este trabajo de investigación es determinar las causas de las reintervenciones quirúrgicas en el Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión operados por trauma abdominal abierto en el periodo comprendido de diciembre de 2004 a noviembre de 2008, tomando en cuenta la edad, sexo, ventana de reintervención, estrategia quirúrgica, mortalidad y morbilidad, entre otros. De los 840 pacientes laparatomizados, 504 fueron por trauma abdominal, de estos se encontraron 75 pacientes laparatomizados por trauma contuso y 429 por trauma abdominal abierto, encontrando finalmente 33 pacientes relaparatomizados en este último grupo. Se presenta 33/504 (6.54 por ciento) pacientes mayores de 15 años, operados y reintervenidos por trauma abdominal abierto. Mención aparte se ha observado en el hospital que las relaparotomías de origen no traumático en emergencia corresponden a 59.25 por ciento del total de relaparotomías (81 pacientes). En 10 de los 33 pacientes (30.3 por ciento) reoperados por trauma abdominal abierto la sepsis constituyó la principal causa de relaparotomías, comparado con los eventos no traumáticos que se aproximan al 66.7 por ciento. En la serie estudiada, 28 pacientes (84.84 por ciento) fueron laparatomizados por trauma abdominal abierto por arma de fuego y en cinco pacientes el trauma fue por arma blanca (15.15 por ciento). La ventana de reintervención fue de cero a tres días en siete pacientes (21.21 por ciento), de cuatro a seis días en cuatro pacientes (12.12 por ciento), y de siete días en 22 pacientes (66.66...


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparotomy , Reoperation , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies
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