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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 577-607, jul. 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538069

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio es una comparación del dolor abdominal producido por trastornos gastrointestinales, aliviado por Ageratina ligustrina , entre los grupos maya Tzeltal, Tzotzil y Q ́eqchi ́, el cual integró un enfoque etnomédico, etnobotánico y transcultural, comparando estudios previos con el presente trabajo de campo. Para evaluar la eficacia de Ageratina para aliviar el dolor abdominal, se realizó un inventario de las moléculas reportadas en esta especie, así como de su actividad farmacológica, a través de una revisión bibliográfica. Los resultados mostraron que la epidemiología del dolor producido por TGI, su etnobotánica y el modelo explicativo del dolor abdominal fueron similares entre grupos étnicos. Asimismo, se identificaron 27 moléculas con efectos antiinflamatorios y antinociceptivos, lo que podría explicar por qué esta especie es culturalmente importante para los pobladores maya Tzeltal, Tzotzil y Q ́eqch i ́ para el alivio del dolor abdominal, mientras que, desde el punto de vista biomédico, es una especie con potencial para inhibir el dolor visceral.


The current study is a comparison of the abdominal pain conception produced by gastrointestinal disorders, relieved by Ageratina ligustrina , among inhabitants of the Mayan Tzeltal, Tzotzil, and Q'eqchi' groups ethnomedical, ethnobotanical, and cross -cultural approaches were used to compare previous studies with the present field work. To evaluate the efficacy of A. ligustrina to relieve pain, also through a bibliographic review an inventory of the molecules present in this species was performed, as well as their pharmacological activity. The results showed that the epidemiology of pain produced by GID, its ethnobotany, and the explanatory model of abdominal pain are similar among ethnic groups. Likewise, 27 molecules with anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects were identified, which could explain why this species is culturally important for the Mayan Tzeltal, Tzotzil, and Q'eqchi' groups for the relief of abdominal pain, while, from a biomedical point of view, it is a species with potential to inhibit visceral pain.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Abdominal Pain/drug therapy , Ageratina , Ethnobotany , Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy , Mexico
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310049, abr. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537747

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa cuya forma de presentación más frecuente es la pulmonar; la afectación abdominal es poco frecuente, por lo que su diagnóstico continúa siendo un desafío. Las manifestaciones clínicas de la tuberculosis abdominal así como sus hallazgos en el examen físico suelen ser inespecíficos y, en muchas ocasiones, similares a los de otras patologías, por lo que es fundamental considerarla entre los diagnósticos diferenciales. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 15 años de edad, hospitalizado por un síndrome febril prolongado asociado a dolor abdominal, diarrea, sudoración nocturna y pérdida de peso


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which most commonly compromises the respiratory system, whereas abdominal involvement is rare, thus its diagnosis is a challenge. The clinical manifestations of abdominal tuberculosis as well as its physical examination findings are usually non-specific and, frequently, similar to those of other diseases, so it is critical to consider abdominal tuberculosis among the differential diagnoses. Here we report the clinical case of a 15-year-old male patient hospitalized for a prolonged febrile syndrome associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, night sweats, and weight loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node/diagnosis , Abdomen , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Diarrhea
3.
Cir. Urug ; 8(1): e301, 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1534168

ABSTRACT

Desde los primeros reportes en la bibliografía, la nomenclatura de las lesiones quísticas hepatobiliares se ha ido modificando, habiéndose descripto dos tipos de lesiones: las serosas y las mucinosas. En 2010 la Organización Mundial de la Salud estableció una nueva clasificación donde los términos cistoadenomas y cistoadenocarcinomas hepatobiliares son reemplazados por entidades más específicas como la neoplasia mucinosa quística y los tumores quísticos intraductales (neoplasia papilar intraductal, neoplasma tubulopapilar intraductal y neoplasma oncocitico papilar). En cuanto a la neoplasia mucinosa quística, la presencia de estroma ovárico le confiere características distintivas en lo patológico y biológico, siendo esto un requisito en la clasificación de la OMS. Esta característica lo diferencia de los hamartomas biliares, los quistes congénitos y la enfermedad de Caroli. Dichas neoplasias son infrecuentes, con una incidencia menor al 5% de las lesiones quísticas hepáticas y ocurren casi exclusivamente en mujeres, frecuentemente perimenopáusicas. Su potencial de malignización ha sido descrito, siendo éste la indicación de tratamiento quirúrgico resectivo. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente portadora de una neoplasia quística mucinosa hepática, catalogada como cistoadenoma hepático según la antigua clasificación.


Since the early reports in the literature, the nomenclature of hepatobiliary cystic lesions has been modified, with two types of lesions being described: serous and mucinous. In 2010, the World Health Organization established a new classification in which the terms hepatobiliary cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas were replaced by more specific entities such as mucinous cystic neoplasms and intraductal cystic tumors (intraductal papillary neoplasm, intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm, and intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm). Regarding mucinous cystic neoplasms, the presence of ovarian stroma confers distinctive pathological and biological characteristics, which is a requirement in the WHO classification. This characteristic differentiates it from biliary hamartomas, congenital cysts, and Caroli's disease. Such neoplasms are rare, with an incidence of less than 5% of hepatic cystic lesions, and occur almost exclusively in women, often perimenopausal. Their potential for malignancy has been described, and this is the indication for surgical resection treatment. We present a clinical case of a patient with a mucinous cystic hepatic neoplasm, classified as a hepatic cystadenoma according to the old classification.


Desde os primeiros relatos na literatura, a nomenclatura das lesões císticas hepatobiliares tem sido modificada, sendo descritos dois tipos de lesões,asserosas e as mucinosas. Em 2010, a Organização Mundial da Saúdeestabeleceuuma nova classificação, naqual os termos cistoadenomas e cistoadenocarcinomas hepatobiliares foramsubstituídos por entidades mais específicas, como a neoplasia mucinosa cística e os tumores císticos intraductais (neoplasia papilar intraductal, neoplasma tubulopapilar intraductal e neoplasma oncocítico papilar). Em relação à neoplasia mucinosa cística, a presença de estroma ovarianoconfere características distintas do ponto de vista patológico e biológico, sendoesseum requisito naclassificação da OMS. Essa característica a diferencia dos hamartomas biliares, cistoscongênitos e doença de Caroli. Essas neoplasias são raras, comumaincidência menor que 5% das lesões císticas hepáticas, e ocorremquase exclusivamente em mulheres, frequentementeperimenopáusicas. Seu potencial de malignizaçãotem sido descrito, sendoesta a indicação para tratamentocirúrgicoressectivo. Apresentamos o caso clínico de uma paciente portadora de uma neoplasia cística mucinosa hepática, classificada como cistoadenoma hepático de acordocom a antigaclassificação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cystadenoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Pain , Cystadenoma, Mucinous/pathology , Acute Pain , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Cir. Urug ; 8(1): e401, 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1550200

ABSTRACT

Paciente masculino de 45 años que acude por cuadro clínico de 12 horas de evolución caracterizado por dolor abdominal, en flanco y fosa ilíaca derecha, asociado a vómitos de aspecto bilioso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvis , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Kidney/abnormalities , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Pain
5.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 34(3): 29-31, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552503

ABSTRACT

El divertículo de Meckel es una malformación congénita que suele presentarse como un hallazgo incidental asintomático. Puede complicarse por procesos inflamatorios o tumores, cursando con sintomatología abdominal sumamente inespecífica, lo que complica su diagnóstico oportuno. Aunque la incidencia de neoplasias malignas en estos divertículos es baja, los tumores neuroendocrinos son los más representativos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 72 años que consultó por dolor abdominal y deposiciones melénicas, con múltiples nódulos intrahepáticos sugestivos de tumores neuroendocrinos y hallazgo intraoperatorio incidental de diverticulitis aguda de Meckel con metástasis peridiverticular de un tumor neuroendocrino. (AU)


Meckel's diverticulum is a congenital malformation that usually presents as an incidental finding. It can be complicated by inflammatory processes or tumors, with non-specific abdominal symptoms which delay its timely diagnosis. Although the incidence of malignant neoplasms in these diver-ticula is low, neuroendocrine tumors are the most representative. We present the case of a 72-year-old female patient who consulted for abdominal pain and melenic bowel movements, with multiple intrahepatic nodules suggestive of neuroendocrine tumors and an incidental intraoperative finding of acute Meckel's diverticulitis with peridiverticular metastasis of a neuroendocrine tumor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Neuroendocrine Tumors/surgery , Neuroendocrine Tumors/diagnosis , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain , Comorbidity , Colectomy
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1071-1076, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514355

ABSTRACT

El dolor abdominal es una de las sintomatologías que afectan con frecuencia la cavidad abdomino-pélvica. Dicha cavidad posee una inervación somática en la que intervienen del séptimo a doceavo nervios intercostales, ramos colaterales y terminales del plexo lumbar y el nervio pudendo; siendo objetivo de este trabajo la descripción anatómica del dolor abdominopélvico a través del plexo lumbar, nervios intercostales y nervio pudendo, sus diferentes patrones y variaciones de conformación, y las implicancias de éstas últimas en las distintas maniobras clínico-quirúrgicas. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y morfométrico de la inervación somática de la cavidad abdomino-pélvica, en 50 preparaciones cadavéricas, fijadas en solución de formaldehído, de la Tercera Cátedra de Anatomía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, entre Agosto/2017-Diciembre/2019. La descripción clásica del plexo lumbar se encontró en 35 casos; la presencia del nervio femoral accesorio en ningún caso; así como también la ausencia del nervio iliohipogástrico en ningún caso; el nervio obturador accesorio se halló en 2 casos; el nervio genitofemoral dividiéndose dentro de la masa muscular del psoas mayor en 6 casos; el nervio cutáneo femoral lateral emergiendo únicamente de la segunda raíz lumbar en 6 casos y por último se encontró la presencia de un ramo del nervio obturador uniéndose al tronco lumbosacro en un caso. Los nervios intercostales y el nervio pudendo presentaron una disposición clásica en todos los casos analizados. Es esencial un adecuado conocimiento y descripción del plexo lumbar, nervios intercostales y nervio pudendo para un adecuado abordaje de la cavidad abdomino-pélvica en los bloqueos nerviosos.


SUMMARY: Abdominal pain is one of the symptoms that affect the abdominal-pelvic cavity. The abdominal-pelvic cavity has a somatic innervation involving the seventh to twelfth intercostal nerves, collateral and terminal branches of the lumbar plexus and the pudendal nerve. The objective of this work is the description of the lumbar plexus, intercostal nerves and pudendal nerve, its different patterns and structure variations, as well as its implications during pain management in patients. A descriptive, observational, and morphometric study of patterns and structure variations of the lumbar plexus, intercostal nerves and pudendal nerve was conducted in 50 formalin-fixed cadaveric dissections of the Third Chair of Anatomy at the School of Medicine in the Universidad de Buenos Aires from August 2017 to December/2019. The standard description of the lumbar plexus was found in 35 cases; accessory femoral nerve was not present in any of the cases; absence of the iliohipogastric nerve was also not found in any case, while the accessory obturating nerve was found in 2 cases; genitofemoral nerve dividing within the muscle mass of psoas in 6 cases; lateral femoral cutaneous nerve emerging only from the second lumbar root in 6 cases and finally, presence of a branch of the obturating nerve was found joining the lumbosacral trunk in one case. The pudendal and intercostal nerve patterns presented a typical pathway in all cases. Adequate knowledge and description of the lumbar plexus, intercostal nerves and pudendal nerve is essential for an adequate approach of the abdominal-pelvic cavity in nerve blocks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anatomic Variation , Lumbosacral Plexus/anatomy & histology , Nerve Block/methods , Pelvis/innervation , Abdominal Pain , Pudendal Nerve/anatomy & histology , Abdomen/innervation , Intercostal Nerves/anatomy & histology
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 136-138, Apr.-June 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514431

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intussusceptions in adults are rare, representing 1% to 5% of intestinal obstructions in this age group. This condition can be caused by benign and malignant lesions acting as lead points, the latter being the most frequent. Furthermore, the diagnosis is challenging due to the non-specific symptoms with variable duration. Case Presentation: A 43-year-old man, with a history of localized clear-cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC) treated 9 years earlier with a right radical nephrectomy, presented with bowel obstruction symptoms. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed an ileocolonic intussusception. Hence, the patient required a right hemicolectomy with ileotransverse anastomosis. The histopathological analysis showed a metastatic ccRC to the terminal ileum causing the intussusception. Discussion: Adult intussusceptions are rare. However, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with abdominal pain and symptoms of bowel obstruction. Metastases of renal cancer to the small bowel are uncommon and even more so in the form of intussusception. Definitive treatment must be tailored to the patient's condition and underlying cause. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Colonic Diseases , Ileocecal Valve , Intussusception/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Abdominal Pain
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 549-555, Mayo 8, 2023. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438589

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante el desarrollo embrionario normal, se espera que el denominado uraco o ligamento umbilical mediano se oblitere a las 32 semanas de gestación. Ante una obliteración incompleta surgen las diferentes anomalías, siendo las más frecuentes el quiste y la fístula urinaria umbilical. El objetivo de este artículo fue presentar el caso de una paciente joven, sin comorbilidades, con quiste de uraco. Caso clínico. Mujer indígena de 19 años que consultó por dolor leve en hipogastrio, asociado a síntomas urinarios y distensión abdominal. Se sospechó en primera instancia cólico renal, pero ante hallazgos ecográficos de masa infraumbilical y reactantes de fase aguda elevados, la impresión diagnóstica cambió a sepsis secundaria a absceso intraabdominal. Posterior a tomografía y cistoscopía con calibración uretral se identificó pequeño divertículo en cúpula vesical, que sugirió el diagnóstico de uraco persistente, por lo que la paciente fue llevada a intervención quirúrgica para su resección, con evolución favorable. Discusión. El quiste de uraco es una anormalidad infrecuente, en su mayoría asintomática y generalmente de hallazgo incidental en la población anciana, por lo que se requiere de imágenes y manejo multidisciplinar para su correcto diagnóstico y abordaje. Conclusión. Son pocos los casos de uraco persistente reportados, y mucho menos en el sexo femenino. Dada la posibilidad de complicaciones tardías es importante el seguimiento para su manejo. Este caso se ha controlado de manera ambulatoria por 2 años


Introduction. During normal embryonic development, it is expected that the so-called urachus or median umbilical ligament will be obliterated at 32 weeks of gestation. In the face of incomplete obliteration, the different anomalies of the urachus arise. The most frequent anomaly of the urachus is the cyst followed by the umbilical urinary fistula. The objective of this article was to present the case of a young patient without comorbidities with urachal cyst. Clinical case. A 19-year-old indigenous woman consulted for mild hypogastric pain associated with urinary symptoms and abdominal distension. Renal colic was suspected at first, but due to ultrasound findings of an infraumbilical mass and high acute phase reactants, the diagnostic impression changed to sepsis secondary to an intra-abdominal abscess. After tomography and cystoscopy with urethral calibration, a small diverticulum was identified in the bladder dome, suggesting a diagnosis of persistent urachus, for which the patient was taken to surgery for its resection, with favorable evolution. Discussion. The urachal cyst is a rare abnormality, mostly asymptomatic and usually incidental finding in the elderly population. Imaging and multidisciplinary management are required for its correct diagnosis and approach. Conclusion. There are few reported cases of persistent urachus and much less in females. Given the possibility of late complications, follow-up is important for its management, in this case we have carried out control for 2 years


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Urachus , Urachal Cyst , Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Abscess , Cystoscopy
9.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(1): 360, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1451871

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar los hallazgos quirúrgicos en pacientes con apendicitis aguda durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, observacional de corte transversal en pacientes con apendicitis aguda operados por el Servicio de Cirugía I del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, durante el período marzo2020-marzo 2022. Resultados: Se incluyeron 83 pacientes, cuya edad promedio fue 28,2±15,3 años, la mayoría del sexo femenino. Los síntomas clínicos más frecuentes fueron: dolor abdominal, náuseas, vómitos y fiebre; la paraclínica indicó importante leucocitosis, y el ultrasonido fue positivo en algunos pacientes. El tiempo de espera para la cirugía fue de 10,4±7,99horas, la vía de abordaje más común fue la abierta, seguida de la laparoscópica; el tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de116,5±42,3 minutos. Los principales hallazgos quirúrgicos fueron, en orden decreciente: apendicitis flegmonosa (casi la mitad de los casos), seguida de catarral, gangrenosa y perforación, con dos pacientes con apéndice normal; otros hallazgos fueron: líquido inflamatorio, mesoapéndice engrosado, y adherencias. Sólo hubo complicaciones en 5 pacientes (6,0 %). La condición al alta de los pacientes fue buena en el 97,0 %. Conclusión: Los hallazgos de esta serie, no difieren de los obtenidos en periodos de tiempo previos a la pandemia, es decir, más frecuentes apendicitis en fase flegmonosa y catarral, sobre el resto de las otras formas de presentación(AU)


Objective: To characterize the surgical findings in patients with acute appendicitis during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: a retrospective, descriptive, observational cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with acute appendicitis operated on by the Surgery Service I of the Hospital Universitario de Caracas, during the period March 2020-March2022. Results: 83 patients were included, whose age average was 28.2 ± 15.3 years, most of them female. The most frequent clinical symptoms were: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fever; paraclinical tests indicated significant leukocytosis, and ultrasound was positive in some patients. The waiting time for surgery was 10.4±7.99 hours, the most common approach was open, followed by laparoscopic.; the mean surgical time was 116.5±42.3 minutes. The main surgical findings were, in decreasing order: phlegmonous appendicitis (almost half of the cases), followed by catarrhal, gangrenous, and perforation, with two patients with a normal appendix; other findings were: inflammatory fluid, thickened mesoappendix, and adhesions. There were only complications in 5 patients (6.0%). The condition at discharge of the patients was good in 97.0 %. Conclusion: the findings of this series do not differ from those obtained in periods of time prior to the pandemic, that is,appendicitis in the phlegmonous and catarrhal phase is more frequent than the rest of the other forms of presentatio(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Abdominal Pain , Pandemics
10.
FEMINA ; 51(4): 233-239, 20230430. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512399

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o índice de sucesso do tratamento da gravidez ectópica com o protocolo de dose única do metotrexato e verificar sua correlação com variáveis clínicas e dados dos exames complementares. Métodos: É um estudo epidemiológico observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, de delineamento transversal. Foi realizado de janeiro de 2014 a agosto de 2020 em um hospital público, de ensino, em nível terciário, do Sul do Brasil. Em 73 casos com diagnóstico de gestação ectópica íntegra, foi utilizado o protocolo de dose única de metotrexato intramuscular, com a dose de 50 mg/m2 de superfície corporal. As variáveis do estudo foram relacionadas ao sucesso do tratamento e abordaram as características clínicas na admissão, dos exames complementares e do tratamento realizado. As variáveis foram comparadas por análise de regressão de Poisson. O nível de significância estabelecido foi de p < 0,05. Resultados: O índice de sucesso foi de 83,6%, e em nove casos foi necessária uma segunda dose da medicação. Nível de ß-hCG inicial superior a 5.000 mUI/mL foi relacionado a menor chance de sucesso (odds ratio ajustado de 0,20 [0,05-0,95]). Tamanho da imagem anexial, presença de líquido livre na cavidade abdominal e demais variáveis estudadas não afetaram a chance de sucesso do tratamento. Conclusão: O protocolo de dose única de metotrexato mostrou-se uma opção válida para o tratamento da gestação ectópica íntegra, notadamente quando o nível de ß-hCG inicial é inferior 5.000 mUI/mL.


Objective: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the success rate of treatment of ectopic pregnancy with the single-dose methotrexate protocol and to verify its correlation with clinical variables and complementary exam data. Methods: This is a retrospective epidemiological observational analytical cross-sectional study. It was carried out from January 2014 to August 2020 in a tertiary level teaching hospital in southern Brazil. In 73 cases with a diagnosis of intact ectopic pregnancy, the intramuscular methotrexate single-dose protocol was applied with a dose of 50 mg/m2 of body surface. The study variables were related to the success of the treatment and addressed the clinical characteristics on admission, the complementary exams and the treatment performed. The variables were compared by Poisson regression analysis. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The success rate was 83.6%, and in nine cases a second dose of the medication was necessary. An initial ß-hCG level greater than 5,000 mIU/mL was related to a lower chance of success (adjusted odds ratio of 0.20 [0.05- 0.95]). The size of the adnexal image, the presence of free fluid in the abdominal cavity and other variables studied did not affect the chance of a successful treatment. Conclusion: The methotrexate single-dose protocol proved to be a valid option for the treatment of intact ectopic pregnancy, notably when the initial ß-hCG level is below 5,000 mIU/mL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Methotrexate/administration & dosage , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Ascitic Fluid , Salpingostomy , Smoking/adverse effects , Abdominal Pain/complications , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Hospitals, Public , Infertility, Female/complications , Injections, Intramuscular/methods , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects
11.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440517

ABSTRACT

El abdomen agudo comprende un amplio grupo de enfermedades con alta incidencia en la práctica quirúrgica habitual. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino, de 23 años, con cuadro abdominal agudo, cuyo diagnóstico preoperatorio fue compatible con una apendicitis aguda; al efectuar la laparotomía exploratoria se constató torsión primaria y segmentaria del omento mayor. Esta es una afección de difícil diagnóstico preoperatorio, generalmente diagnosticada durante el acto quirúrgico porque fácilmente se confunde con otras enfermedades del abdomen agudo quirúrgico. Lo indicado en estos pacientes es la remoción del segmento involucrado por lo que se realizó omentectomía parcial y apendicectomía complementaria; el paciente presentó una evolución clínica favorable.


Acute abdomen comprises a wide group of diseases with a high incidence in routine surgical practice. We present a 23-year-old male patient with acute abdominal symptoms, whose preoperative diagnosis was compatible with acute appendicitis; primary and segmental torsion of the greater omentum was found when performing the exploratory laparotomy. This condition is difficult to diagnose preoperatively; it is generally evident during surgery because it is confused with other diseases of the acute surgical abdomen. The removal of the involved segment is indicated in these patients that is why partial omentectomy and complementary appendectomy were performed; the patient had a favourable clinical evolution.


Subject(s)
Omentum , Abdominal Pain , Abdomen, Acute
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 313-322, 20230303. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425204

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome post-colecistectomía fue descrito hace más de 70 años y se define como la presencia de síntomas gastrointestinales que pueden persistir después de la colecistectomía o aparecer como nuevos síntomas. Este síndrome, poco conocido, puede manifestarse desde pocos meses hasta varios años luego de la cirugía y ocurre entre 5 % y 40 % de los pacientes. Método. Estudio de cohorte prospectiva, que incluyó pacientes a quienes se les realizó colecistectomía laparoscópica en tres unidades quirúrgicas de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, durante un período de ocho meses, con seguimientos periódicos durante dos años. El síndrome post-colecistectomía se definió como la presencia de al menos un síntoma gastrointestinal a partir del primer mes de la cirugía. Resultados. Se incluyeron 380 pacientes de los cuales 183 (48,2 %) desarrollaron el síndrome. La edad tuvo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre aquellos que lo desarrollaron y los que no (p=0,024). La diarrea fue el único síntoma preoperatorio asociado al desarrollo del síndrome. El síndrome post-colecistectomía se encontró en el 42,1 % de los pacientes al primer mes de seguimiento y en el 17,4 % al segundo año. Conclusiones. El síndrome post-colecistectomía ocurre en un porcentaje importante de pacientes. En concordancia con la literatura, se encontró que la diarrea prequirúrgica es un factor de riesgo independiente para el desarrollo del síndrome. Se recomienda un adecuado seguimiento de los pacientes después de una colecistectomía


Introduction. Post-cholecystectomy syndrome (PCS) was described more than 70 years ago and is defined as the presence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms that may persist after cholecystectomy or can present as new symptoms. This little-known syndrome can appear from a few months to several years after surgery and occurs between 5% and 40% of patients. Method. Prospective cohort study, which included patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in three surgical units in Bogotá, Colombia, during a period of eight months, with periodic follow-up for two years. PCS was defined as the presence of at least one GI symptom from the first month after surgery. Results. Three-hundred and eighty patients were included, of which 183 (48.2%) developed the syndrome. Age had a statistically significant difference between those who developed PCS and those who did not (p=0.024). Diarrhea was the only preoperative symptom associated with the development of PCS. Post-cholecystectomy syndrome was found in 42.1% at the first month of follow-up and in 17.4% at the second year. Conclusions. Post-cholecystectomy syndrome occurs in a significant percentage of patients. Consistent with the literature, preoperative diarrhea was found to be an independent risk factor for the development of the syndrome. Adequate follow-up of patients after cholecystectomy is recommended


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Postcholecystectomy Syndrome , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy , Diarrhea
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 339-351, 20230303. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425210

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La pancreatitis aguda es una condición gastrointestinal común que se asocia a una importante morbimortalidad. Se estima que su incidencia es de 34 por cada 100.000 habitantes, afecta principalmente a adultos a partir de la sexta década de la vida y en nuestra región es debida en la mayoría de los casos a cálculos biliares. Métodos. Se hizo una revisión de los aspectos fundamentales de esta patología, común y potencialmente mortal. Resultados. El diagnóstico requiere del hallazgo de manifestaciones clínicas, aumento de las enzimas pancreáticas en suero y, en ocasiones, el uso de imágenes diagnósticas. Se puede clasificar en leve, moderada y severa, lo cual es fundamental para determinar la necesidad de tratamiento y vigilancia en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Conclusión. En la actualidad los pilares de manejo de la pancreatitis aguda son la terapia temprana con líquidos, tratamiento del dolor, inicio precoz de la vía oral y resolución del factor etiológico desencadenante. En presencia de complicaciones o un curso severo de enfermedad, pueden requerirse manejo antibiótico e intervenciones invasivas


Introduction. Acute pancreatitis is a common gastrointestinal condition that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that its incidence is 34 per 100,000 inhabitants, it mainly affects adults from the sixth decade of life, and in our region, most of the cases are secondary to gallbladder stones. Methods. We present a review of the fundamental aspects of this disease, common and potentially fatal. Results. Diagnosis requires finding clinical manifestations, increased serum pancreatic enzymes, and sometimes the use of diagnostic imaging. It can be classified as mild, moderate and severe, which is essential to determine the need for treatment and monitoring in an intensive care unit. Conclusion. Currently, the pillars of management of acute pancreatitis are early fluid therapy, pain management, early oral food intake, and resolution of the etiology. In the presence of complications or a severe course of the disease, antibiotic management and invasive interventions may be required


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , Abdomen, Acute , Pancreas , Abdominal Pain , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102373, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413250

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del cascanueces es un síndrome que presenta síntomas clínicos como hematuria, proteinuria ortostática, congestión pélvica, varicocele del lado izquierdo, hipertensión y dolor en fosa renal. Estos síntomas se producen por la compresión de la vena renal izquierda entre la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior. En el síndrome de Wilkie, la tercera porción del duodeno está comprimida entre la arteria mesentérica superior y la aorta abdominal, lo que provoca diversos síntomas gastrointestinales. La coexistencia de estos dos síndromes constituye una afección rara y se incluye como casos clínicos en la bibliografía. En este artículo, se presentan los resultados clínicos y radiológicos de un paciente de 17 años que presentaba dolor abdominal recurrente debido al síndrome de Wilkie, acompañado del síndrome del cascanueces que le provocaba proteinuria, por lo que el paciente fue derivado a los consultorios externos de reumatología pediátrica con un diagnóstico preliminar de fiebre mediterránea familiar.


Nutcracker syndrome is a syndrome that has clinical symptoms such as hematuria, orthostatic proteinuria, pelvic congestion, left-sided varicocele, hypertension, and flank pain. These symptoms occur because of the compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. In Wilkie's syndrome, the third part of the duodenum is compressed between the superior mesenteric artery and the abdominal aorta, causing various gastrointestinal symptoms. The coexistence of these two syndromes is a rare condition and is included as case reports in the literature. This article presents the clinical and radiological results of a 17-year-old male patient who had recurrent abdominal pain due to Wilkie's syndrome, which was accompanied by nutcracker syndrome that caused proteinuria, and for this reason, the patient was referred to the Pediatric Rheumatology outpatient clinic with a preliminary diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/complications , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Proteinuria/complications , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Duodenum
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1125-1129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010178

ABSTRACT

A case of IgG4-related disease presented with a duodenal ulcer to improve the understan-ding of IgG4-related diseases was reported. A 70-year-old male presented with cutaneous pruritus and abdominal pain for four years and blackened stools for two months. Four years ago, the patient went to hospital for cutaneous pruritus and abdominal pain. Serum IgG4 was 3.09 g/L (reference value 0-1.35 g/L), alanine aminotransferase 554 U/L (reference value 9-40 U/L), aspartate aminotransferase 288 U/L (reference value 5-40 U/L), total bilirubin 54.16 μmol/L (reference value 2-21 μmol/L), and direct bilirubin 29.64 μmol/L (reference value 1.7-8.1 μmol/L) were all elevated. The abdominal CT scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography indicated pancreatic swelling, common bile duct stenosis, and secondary obstructive dilation of the biliary system. The patient was diagnosed with IgG4-related disease and treated with prednisone at 40 mg daily. As jaundice and abdominal pain improved, prednisone was gradually reduced to medication discontinuation. Two months ago, the patient developed melena, whose blood routine test showed severe anemia, and gastrointestinal bleeding was diagnosed. The patient came to the emergency department of Beijing Hospital with no improvement after treatment in other hospitals. Gastroscopy revealed a 1.5 cm firm duodenal bulb ulcer. After treatment with omeprazole, the fecal occult blood was still positive. The PET-CT examination was performed, and it revealed no abnormality in the metabolic activity of the duodenal wall, and no neoplastic lesions were found. IgG4-related disease was considered, and the patient was admitted to the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Beijing Hospital for further diagnosis and treatment. The patient had a right submandibular gland mass resection history and diabetes mellitus. After the patient was admitted to the hospital, the blood test was reevaluated. The serum IgG4 was elevated at 5.44 g/L (reference value 0.03-2.01 g/L). Enhanced CT of the abdomen showed that the pancreas was mild swelling and was abnormally strengthened, with intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct dilation and soft tissue around the superior mesenteric vessels. We pathologically reevaluated and stained biopsy specimens of duodenal bulbs for IgG and IgG4. Immunohistochemical staining revealed remarkable infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into duodenal tissue, the number of IgG4-positive cells was 20-30 cells per high-powered field, and the ratio of IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cells was more than 40%. The patient was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone at 40 mg daily dosage and cyclophosphamide, and then the duodenal ulcer was healed. IgG4 related disease is an immune-medicated rare disease characterized by chronic inflammation and fibrosis. It is a systemic disease that affects nearly every anatomic site of the body, usually involving multiple organs and diverse clinical manifestations. The digestive system manifestations of IgG4-related disease are mostly acute pancreatitis and cholangitis and rarely manifest as gastrointestinal ulcers. This case confirms that IgG4-related disease can present as a duodenal ulcer and is one of the rare causes of duodenal ulcers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain/drug therapy , Acute Disease , Bilirubin , Duodenal Ulcer/etiology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/drug therapy , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Pruritus/drug therapy
17.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(1): 54-58, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1552960

ABSTRACT

La Apendicitis Aguda se manifiesta cuando existe inflamación del apéndice cecal, representando una de las más notables causas de abdomen agudo con pronóstico quirúrgico en el mundo. Existen sistemas de puntuaciones que se han generado para su comprobación, mediante técnicas no invasivas, de fácil aplicación y reproducción; destacando entre ellas las escalas de ALVARADO, RIPASA, AIR, entre otras. Objetivo: Comparar la sensibilidad y especificidad de las escalas AIR Vs. RIPASA para el diagnóstico de la Apendicitis Aguda en el Hospital General Nacional "Dr. Ángel Larralde", período enero 2020 ­ diciembre 2022. Materiales: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y evaluativo, prospectivo y de corte transversal. Muestra fue intencional no probabilística, cumpliendo con los criterios de inclusión. Para la recolección de datos, se empleó la observación directa como técnica y como instrumentos las escalas AIR y RIPASA. Resultados: Muestra conformada por 192 pacientes, sin predisposición de géneros. Sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo, valor predictivo negativo y exactitud diagnóstica AIR: 70%; 58,33%; 73,68%; 53,84%; 65,62%; RIPASA: 88,88%; 42,85%; 66,66%; 75%; 68,75%. Conclusiones: La exactitud diagnóstica para la escala de RIPASA fue ligeramente mayor que para AIR (68,75% vs. 65,62%), permitiendo afirmar que, en el grupo de estudio, resultó más conveniente la aplicación de la escala de RIPASA en pacientes sanos para el diagnóstico correcto de Apendicitis Aguda(AU)


Acute Appendicitis manifests when there is inflammation of the cecal appendix, representing one of the most notable causes of acute abdomen with surgical prognosis in the world. There are scoring systems that have been generated for verification, using non-invasive techniques that are easy to apply and reproduce; highlighting among them the scales of ALVARADO, RIPASA, AIR, among others.Objective : To compare the sensitivity and specificity of the AIR Vs. RIPASA scales for the diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis at the National General Hospital "Dr. Ángel Larralde", period January 2020 ­ December 2022. Materials: Observational, descriptive and evaluative, prospective and cross-sectional study. Sample was intentional, non-probabilistic, meeting the inclusion criteria. For data collection, direct observation was used as a technique and the AIR and RIPASA scales as instruments.Results : Sample made up of 192 patients, with no gender predisposition. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and AIR diagnostic accuracy: 70%; 58.33%; 73.68%; 53.84%; 65.62%; RIPASE: 88.88%; 42.85%; 66.66%; 75%; 68.75%.Conclusions : The diagnostic accuracy for the RIPASA scale was slightly higher than for AIR (68.75% vs. 65.62%), allowing us to affirm that, in the study group, the application of the RIPASA scale was more convenient in healthy patients for the correct diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix , Abdominal Pain , Abdomen, Acute
18.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515291

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de torsión se incluye dentro de los síndromes que causan abdomen agudo quirúrgico. Como causa poco frecuente de este síndrome se encuentra la torsión esplénica en bazos que tienen anomalía en su fijación. Objetivo: Informar sobre la evolución de una paciente tratada por torsión de un bazo errante. Presentación del caso: Paciente de ocho años de edad, femenina, de color no blanco de la piel, con antecedentes de dolor abdominal crónico recurrente, que acudió al Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Pediátrico de Cienfuegos Paquito González Cueto con dolor abdominal agudo, intermitente, de 48 horas de evolución, vómitos, abdomen doloroso a la palpación profunda en cuadrante superior izquierdo y masa palpable en flanco lateral del mismo lado de tres cm. Se sospechó una torsión esplénica. Se realizó, como complementario diagnóstico ultrasonido abdominal Doppler y tomografía contrastada de abdomen. Se hizo laparotomía y se encontró bazo torcido, con cambios de coloración por la isquemia, que recuperó su color normal después de la destorsión. Se fijó el órgano a la pared abdominal. La evolución posquirúrgica resultó satisfactoria. Conclusiones: La torsión esplénica, aunque infrecuente, debe sospecharse en pacientes con dolor intermitente y masa palpable, principalmente en flanco lateral izquierdo. La tomografía contrastada resulta el examen diagnóstico de elección y se requiere de un diagnóstico temprano para poder conservar el bazo, órgano muy importante para una mejor función inmunológica en los niños(AU)


Introduction: Torsion syndrome is included among the syndromes causing acute surgical abdomen. A rare cause of this syndrome is splenic torsion in spleens with abnormal fixation. Objective: To report on the evolution of a patient treated for torsion of an errant spleen. Case presentation: Eight-year-old female patient, non-white skin color, with a history of recurrent chronic abdominal pain, who attended the Emergency Department of the Paquito González Cueto Pediatric Hospital of Cienfuegos with intermittent acute abdominal pain of 48 hours of evolution, vomiting, painful abdomen on deep palpation in the left upper quadrant and palpable mass in the lateral flank of the same side measuring three centimeters. Splenic torsion was suspected. Doppler abdominal ultrasound and contrasted tomography of the abdomen were performed as a complementary diagnosis. Laparotomy was performed and the spleen was found to be twisted, with changes in color due to ischemia, which recovered its normal color after detorsion. The organ was fixed to the abdominal wall. The postoperative evolution was satisfactory. Conclusions: Splenic torsion, although rare, should be suspected in patients with intermittent pain and palpable mass, mainly in the left lateral flank. Contrast tomography is the diagnostic test of choice and early diagnosis is required to preserve the spleen, a very important organ for better immune function in children(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Spleen/surgery , Abdominal Pain , Cefazolin/therapeutic use , Wandering Spleen/diagnosis
19.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 26(4): e007069, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, UNISALUD, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526537

ABSTRACT

A partir del caso de una paciente con síndrome de intestino irritable a predominio de estreñimiento cuyos síntomas mejoraron con el consumo regular de kiwi, el médico de familia se planteó la pregunta de si el kiwi podría mejorar los síntomas asociados a constipación crónica en comparación con el tratamiento habitual. Tras realizar una búsqueda de estudios que analizaran los efectos del consumo de kiwi sobre el hábito intestinal, fueron seleccionados tres artículos que permiten concluir que el consumo de esta fruta tiene una eficacia superior al placebo y comparable al psyllium y las pasas de ciruela para mejorar los síntomas de personas con estreñimiento crónico. (AU)


Based on the case of a patient with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome whose symptoms improved with regular consumption of kiwi, the family doctor wondered if kiwi could improve symptoms associated with chronic constipation compared to usual treatment. After conducting a search for studies that analyzed the effects of kiwi consumption on intestinal habit, three articles were selected that allow us to conclude that the consumption of this fruit has an efficacy superior to placebo and comparable to psyllium and plum raisins to improve the symptoms of people with chronic constipation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Constipation/diet therapy , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diet therapy , Fruit , Psyllium/therapeutic use , Abdominal Pain/diet therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Constipation/diagnosis , Actinidia , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Feces , Systematic Reviews as Topic
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2249-2259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981356

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of stomach ache disorder. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom was retrieved from Chinese and English electronic databases and trial registration platforms from database inception to June 10, 2022. Two investigators conducted literature screening and data extraction according to the screening criteria. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool(v 2.0) was used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Analyses were performed using RevMan 5.4 and R 4.2.2, with summary estimates measured using fixed or random effects models. The primary outcome indicators were the visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores. The secondary outcome indicators were clinical recovery rate, Helicobacter pylori(Hp) eradication rate, and adverse reaction/events. Twenty-seven RCTs were included with a sample size of 2 902 cases. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine treatments or placebo, Biling Weitong Granules could improve VAS scores(SMD=-1.90, 95%CI[-2.18,-1.61], P<0.000 01), stomach ache disorder symptom scores(SMD=-1.26, 95%CI[-1.71,-0.82], P<0.000 01), the clinical recovery rate(RR=1.85, 95%CI[1.66, 2.08], P<0.000 01), and Hp eradication rate(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.20, 1.37], P<0.000 01). Safety evaluation revealed that the main adverse events in the Biling Weitong Granules included nausea and vomiting, rash, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and bitter mouth, and no serious adverse events were reported. Egger's test showed no statistical significance, indicating no publication bias. The results showed that Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive system diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom could improve the VAS scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores of patients, relieve stomach ache disorder, and improve the clinical recovery rate and Hp eradication rate, with good safety and no serious adverse reactions. However, the quality of the original studies was low with certain limitations. Future studies should use unified and standardized detection methods and evaluation criteria of outcome indicators, pay attention to the rigor of study design and implementation, and highlight the clinical safety of the medicine to provide more reliable clinical evidence support for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia , Abdominal Pain , Stomach Diseases
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