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1.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 3-9, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1359836

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente se prefieren procedimientos mínimamente invasivos como las técnicas endovasculares para el tratamiento de la insuficiencia de vena safena mayor que pueden ser por ablación térmica, química o mecánica. Éstos tienen la ventaja de ser ambulatorios, presentar menos complicaciones postoperatorias, una rápida incorporación laboral y mejores resultados estéticos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados del tratamiento con radiofrecuencia versus crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de insuficiencia de la vena safena mayor de enero 2017 a octubre 2019. La elección de la técnica a utilizar se hizo al azar. Resultados: El 77% correspondió al género femenino, con edad media 49 años, el estadío C:2 de la clasificación clíica CEAP fue la más frecuente (57%) y el shunt tipo 3 (63%). La ablación por radiofrecuencia se realizó con mayor frecuencia (83%). El dolor y parestesias (fueron las complicaciones más frecuentes en ambos grupos sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0.1470). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativo entre las dos técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en resultado estético (p = 0.4456), el retorno de actividades cotidianas (p = 0.992) ni las laborales (p = 0.901). Conclusiones: Tanto la ablación por radiofrecuencia de la vena safena mayor como la crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal se consideran dos métodos seguros y efectivos para tratar insuficiencia de vena safena mayor; ya que los resultados finales fueron similares para ambas técnicas quirúrgicas.


Introduction: Minimally invasive endovascular procedures like thermal, chemical or mechanical ablation are currently preferred for the treatment of the great saphenous vein insufficiency, because have the advantage of being outpatient, with minimal postoperative complications, a faster incorporation to work and better aesthetic results. This study persuit to evaluate the results of radiofrequency treatment versus sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion. Methods: The study included all the patients with a diagnosis of great saphenous vein insufficiency from January 2017 to October 2019. The technic was chosen randomly. Results: 77% of patients was female , with a mean age of 49 , the C2 stage of the CEAP classification is present in 57% and the type 3 shunt in 63%. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in 83% of the cases. Pain and paresthesia were the most frequent complications, without statistically signification between both technics (p = 0.1470). The aesthetic result, the return to daily activities (p = 0.992) and to work (p = 0.901) had not statistically significant differences between the two surgical techniques. Conclusions: Both, radiofrequency ablation of the greater saphenous vein and sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion are considered safe and effective methods to treat great saphenous vein insufficiency because the final results were similar for both surgical techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Ablation Techniques/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Pain/etiology , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
2.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(3)2021. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292127

ABSTRACT

Resumo Historicamente, o papel do ecocardiograma de estresse físico no manejo da cardiomiopatia hipertrófica tem sido negligenciado na prática clínica, de acordo com a análise das diretrizes do American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association de 2002, que recomendavam cautela no uso dessa metodologia, em portadores de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, devido ao risco de possível ocorrência tanto de arritmia cardíaca, como de colapso hemodinâmico no esforço. Atualmente, o estresse físico na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica integra a avaliação rotineira de pacientes sintomáticos com ou sem gradiente da via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo < 50 mmHg, em repouso. Para este grupo, é um método seguro e confiável para medir o gradiente da via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo durante o esforço e sólido diferenciador de pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica não obstrutivos (gradiente ausente, tanto em repouso quanto no esforço) daqueles com gradientes lábeis (gradiente ausente no repouso e presente no esforço). Portanto, na avaliação da cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, o estresse físico é igualmente útil na quantificação do grau de regurgitação mitral, nas alterações da contratilidade segmentar do ventrículo esquerdo e na avaliação da função diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo, diante do esforço, sendo capaz de predizer o futuro desenvolvimento de sintomas de insuficiência cardíaca. O método é também importante na determinação das diferentes estratégias de tratamento para cada paciente, desde a miomectomia cirúrgica ou a ablação septal alcoólica, para aqueles com gradiente lábil, com sintomas limitantes e refratários ao tratamento medicamentoso versus transplante cardíaco para aqueles sem gradiente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/congenital , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial , Heart Failure/complications , Mitral Valve , Stress, Physiological , Vibration/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Ergometry/methods , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Ablation Techniques
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5 supl.1): 14-14, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1128888

ABSTRACT

MÉTODOS: Trezentos e quatro pacientes consecutivos submetidos à polissonografia foram rastreados e 80 incluídos para realização de eletrocardiograma de 12 derivações e de alta resolução (ECGAR) e ecocardiograma bi e tridimensional. Foram divididos em grupos de acordo com: 1. Índice de Apneia-Hipopneia [AOS- (<15 eventos/h) e AOS+ (≥15 eventos/h)]; 2. Saturação mínima de 02 (SatMin) [>90%, 80-90% e <80%]; e 3. Tempo total de saturação de O2 <90% (T90) [<1minuto, 1-60minutos e >60minutos]. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 60,8±11,1 anos (60% do sexo feminino) e o IMC médio 31,95±6,5 kg/m². O grupo AOS+ apresentou menor fração de esvaziamento passivo do átrio esquerdo (FEPAE) comparado com AOS-. SatMin<80% à maior duração de onda P no ECGAR e menor strain de conduto em relação a SatMin>90%. T90 >60minutos à maior duração de onda P-ECGAR, P-máxima, P-média e P na derivação DII, menor intervalo Tinício-Tpico e menor FEPAE quando comparado ao grupo <1minuto. T90 1-60minutos à maior duração dos intervalos QT em DII e V5 e Tpico-Tfim, em relação ao grupo <1minuto. . Não houve diferenças entre os grupos quanto aos volumes atriais e demais variáveis eletrocardiográficas e funcionais. Após ajuste dos dados para idade, sexo e comorbidades, houve perda de significância estatística das variáveis funcionais. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de AOS associou-se apenas à menor FEPAE, sem alterações nas demais variáveis analisadas. O aumento no T90 associou-se ao aumento de variáveis de duração de P e de dispersão da repolarização, além da menor FEPAE. O strain de conduto foi menor e a duração da P-ECGAR maior em SatMin <80%. Os achados refletem a associação entre AOS, hipoxemia, disfunção diastólica ventricular e remodelamento atrial e a relevância da avaliação, não só da presença de AOS, mas também de índices de hipoxemia nestes pacientes.


Subject(s)
Atrial Appendage , Ablation Techniques , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e919, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144437

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La incidencia de enfermedades oncológicas se incrementa cada día. Las terapias ablativas tumorales percutáneas guiadas por imagen constituyen una alternativa de tratamiento para pacientes sin criterio de resección quirúrgica. El objetivo del estudio es argumentar la necesidad del uso de las terapias ablativas tumorales percutáneas en Cuba mediante la revisión de su estado actual en el mundo. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica descriptiva, en bases de datos Google Escolar, MEDLINE (Pubmed) y SciELO. Se seleccionaron 31 artículos, que fueron útiles para actualizar la información. Con la ablación tumoral percutánea se intentó erradicar completamente todas las células malignas viables dentro del tumor. La ablación química, la térmica y otras no térmicas, son las más usadas. Este tratamiento ha demostrado ser efectivo y seguro. Debido su elevado costo, no ha sido posible su introducción en el país(AU)


ABSTRACT The incidence of oncological diseases increases every day. Image-guided percutaneous tumor ablative therapies are treatment alternatives for patients not eligible based on surgical resection criteria. The objective of the study is support the need for the use of percutaneous tumor ablative therapies in Cuba, by reviewing its current state in the world. A descriptive bibliographic review was carried out using the databases Google Scholar, MEDLINE (Pubmed) and SciELO, from which 31 articles were selected, useful to update the information. Percutaneous tumor ablation was performed in view of completely eradicating all viable malignant cells within the tumor. Chemical, thermal and other non-thermal ablations are the most used. This treatment has proven effective and safe. Due to its high cost, its introduction in the country has not been possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Ablation Techniques/methods , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Databases, Bibliographic
5.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(4): 159-165, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT), es actualmente la neoplasia endocrina más frecuente. Su tratamiento estándar es la resolución quirúrgica, asociado a ablación con radioyodo (RI) según la clasificación propuesta por la American Thyroid Association (ATA). Las indicaciones y dosis de este último, han ido variando en los últimos años según avanzan las investigaciones en este ámbito. Objetivo: En el siguiente estudio se compararon las dosis de RI utilizadas previo y posterior a la implementación de las últimas guías de la ATA. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de 70 pacientes con diagnóstico de CDT del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile entre 2012 y 2017. Se agruparon los pacientes en dos cohortes, los operados entre los años 2012-2015 y los 2016-2017 clasificándolos según riesgo ATA, TNM y riesgo de recurrencia. Se consignaron las dosis de RI utilizadas y se compararon entre las cohortes. Análisis estadístico: Mann Whithney. Resultados: Al comparar la dosis de RI entre ambas cohortes, según TNM y riesgo ATA, se obtuvo los siguientes resultados: los pacientes T1b de la cohorte 2012-2015 presentaron dosis de RI significativamente mayores que los de la cohorte 2016-2017; también se evidenció que en pacientes N0 hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa, mostrando una tendencia a disminuir la dosis de RI; además, en los pacientes de la cohorte 2012-2015 con riesgo ATA intermedio, se obtuvo que las dosis de RI fueron significativamente mayores que las utilizadas en la cohorte 2016-2017. Conclusión: Se concluye que las variaciones de las dosis de RI utilizadas en pacientes con CDT en un hospital universitario van acorde a las recomendaciones internacionales actuales, particularmente la publicación de la guía ATA 2015, aplicándose radioablación con menor dosis de RI. Dado este cambio, se ha evidenciado igualdad de efectos con dosis menores de RI y consecuentemente menos efectos adversos.


Introduction: Differentiated thyroid cancer (CDT) is currently the most frequent endocrine neoplasia. Its standard of care is surgical treatment, associated with radioiodine ablation (IR) according to the classification proposed by the American Thyroid Association (ATA). The indications and doses of the latter have changed in recent years as research in this area advances. Objective: In the following study, the doses of IR used before and after the implementation of the latest ATA guidelines were compared. Materials and methods: Retrospective observational study of 70 patients with a diagnosis of CDT from the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile between 2012 and 2017. Patients were grouped into two cohorts, those surgically intervened between the years 2012-2015 and 2016-2017, classifying them according to ATA risk, TNM and recurrence risk. The IR doses used were reported and compared between the cohorts. Statistical analysis: Mann Whithney. Results: When comparing the IR dose between both cohorts, according to TNM and ATA risk, the following results were obtained: T1b patients in the 2012-2015 cohort had significantly higher IR doses than those in the 2016-2017 cohort; It was also evidenced that N0 patients showed a statistically significant tendency to decrease the IR dose; In addition, the 2012-2015 cohort with intermediate ATA risk, revealed IR doses significantly higher than those used in the 2016-2017 cohort. Conclusion: It is concluded that the variations in IR doses, used in patients with CDT in a university hospital, are in accordance with current international recommendations, particularly the publication of the ATA 2015 guidelines, applying radioablation with a lower dose of IR. Given this change, equality of effects has been evidenced with lower doses of IR and consequently fewer adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radiation Dosage , Radiotherapy/standards , Thyroid Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Endocrinology/standards , Iodine Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Assessment , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Endocrinology/methods , Ablation Techniques/methods , Iodine Radioisotopes/adverse effects
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 808-812, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020731

ABSTRACT

Eighty percent of hepatocarcinomas are inoperable at the moment of diagnosis. Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice in these cases, but local therapies are another alternative. Among these, Image-Guided BrachyAblation is a safe choice. We report a 76-year-old male with a hepatocarcinoma, who was considered inoperable due to the high surgical risk of the patient. A local treatment with Image-Guided BrachyAblation was decided. A brachytherapy needle was placed in the tumor under computed tomography guidance and a 15 Gy single dose was delivered from an Iridium-192 source. The patient had no immediate complications and at one month of follow up he continued without incidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Brachytherapy/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/radiotherapy , Ablation Techniques/methods , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods , Liver Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Dosage , Iridium Radioisotopes , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(1): 31-31, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058377

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportar el primer caso de ablación septal con alcohol guiada por ecocardiografía realizada en la Costa Atlántica. Material y métodos: Paciente femenina de 74 años de edad con cuadro clínico de disnea, dolor anginoso y síncope recurrente, en quien se diagnosticó hipertrofia septal asimétrica con obstrucción dinámica con gradiente de 60 mm Hg y movimiento anterior sistólico de la valva anterior de la mitral. Se le indicó ablación septal con alcohol. Resultados: Se cateteriza selectivamente arteria primera septal donde a través de ecocardiograma se evidencia que es la rama a ablacionar y se pasan 1,5 ml de alcohol, con lo cual se produce adecuada interrupción de flujo y caída del gradiente de presiones. Procedimiento exitoso sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: Se reporta el primer caso de ablación septal con alcohol guiado mediante ecocardiograma, realizado en la costa Atlántica.


Abstract Objective: To report the first case of echocardiography-guided alcohol septal ablation carried out in the Costa Atlantica, Colombia. Material and methods: The case concerns a 74 year-old female patient with a clinical picture of dyspnoea, agina pain, and recurrent syncope. She was diagnosed with asymmetric septal hypertrophy with a dynamic obsrtuction with a gradient of 60 mmHg and a systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral valve. Septal ablation with alcohol was indicated. Results: The primary septal artery that was catheterised using echocardiography showed that it was the branch ablate, and 1.5 ml alcohol was injected. This led to an adequate interuption of the flow and drop in the gradient pressures. The procedure was successful with no complications. Conclusions: The first case is reported of echocardiography-guided alcohol septal ablation carried out in the Costa Atlantica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Ablation Techniques , Echocardiography , Ethanol
10.
Ultrasonography ; : 135-142, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761974

ABSTRACT

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising ablation technique for benign thyroid nodules. Current evidence has found good short- to medium-term outcomes, similar to those of better-established ablation techniques such as radiofrequency and laser ablation. The fact that it does not require insertion of a needle into the target makes HIFU a truly non-invasive treatment. Although it is not without risks, its low risk profile makes it an attractive alternative to surgery. There is much room for future development, starting from expanding the current indications to enhancing energy delivery. Relapsed Graves disease and papillary microcarcinoma are diseases that can benefit from HIFU treatment. Its role in the mediation of immune responses and synergistic effects with immunotherapy are promising in the fight against metastatic cancers.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Goiter, Nodular , Graves Disease , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation , Hyperthermia, Induced , Immunotherapy , Laser Therapy , Needles , Negotiating , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180099, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984686

ABSTRACT

There is considerable debate in the literature with relation to the best method to treat patients with chronic venous disease (CVD). CHIVA is an office-based treatment for varicose veins performed under local anesthesia. The aim of the technique is to lower transmural pressure in the superficial venous system and avoid destruction of veins. Recurrence of varicosities, nerve damage, bruising and suboptimal aesthetic results are common to all treatments for the disease. This paper evaluates and discusses the characteristics and results of the CHIVA technique. We conclude that CHIVA is a viable alternative to common procedures that is associated with less bruising, nerve damage, and recurrence than stripping saphenectomy. The main advantages are preservation of the saphenous vein, local anesthesia, low recurrence rates, low cost, low pain, and no nerve damage. The major disadvantages are the learning curve and the need to train the team in venous hemodynamics


Existe uma grande discussão na literatura sobre o tratamento da doença venosa crônica (DVC). A cura conservadora e hemodinâmica da insuficiência venosa em ambulatório (CHIVA) consiste no tratamento ambulatorial de varizes sob anestesia local. O objetivo da técnica é diminuir a pressão transmural no sistema venoso superficial para evitar a destruição das veias, incluindo as veias safenas. Recorrência de varizes, lesão de nervos, hematomas e resultado estético abaixo do ideal são uma constante em todos tratamentos de varizes. O objetivo desta revisão é avaliar e discutir a técnica CHIVA quanto a suas características e resultados. A CHIVA é uma alternativa válida frente aos outros procedimentos, apresentando menos hematomas, recorrência e lesão nervosa que a safenectomia. Preservação da veia safena, anestesia local, baixa taxa de recorrências, baixo custo, pouca dor e ausência de lesões nervosas são as principais vantagens. A longa curva de aprendizado para treinar a equipe em hemodinâmica venosa é a principal desvantagem


Subject(s)
Saphenous Vein , Venous Insufficiency/therapy , Varicose Veins , Cost-Benefit Analysis/methods , Ablation Techniques , Learning Curve , Ambulatory Care/methods , Hemodynamics
12.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 253-255, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975576

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is themost common congenital anomaly of the neck, and approximately 7% of all the adult population presents it. Ectopic thyroid tissue is found in the thyroglossal duct cyst wall in up to 65% of cases. This thyroid tissue has the potential to develop some type ofmalignancy, themost common of which is the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. There are just over 270 cases of thyroglossal duct cyst malignancy reported in the literature. Objectives We aimed to study our population of patients in order to identify cases with thyroglossal duct cyst malignancy. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted in the section of otolaryngology/ head and neck surgery at a hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, from January of 2004 to December of 2014 on patients with the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct cyst. Results Fifty-eight patients were diagnosed with TGDC, two of whom also presented with thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma. Both patients revealed papillary thyroid carcinoma on histopathology. Case 1 had an open biopsy before undergoing definitive surgery. Both patients underwent subsequent total thyroidectomy after Sistrunk procedure, and case 2 had selective neck dissection revealing lymph node metastasis. Conclusion Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma is a rare finding that comes as a surprise to both the patient and the surgeon. We report 2 out of 58 cases diagnosed with thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thyroglossal Cyst/complications , Thyroid Neoplasms/etiology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/etiology , Pakistan , Thyroglossal Cyst/surgery , Thyroglossal Cyst/diagnosis , Thyroglossal Cyst/pathology , Thyroidectomy/methods , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Ablation Techniques
13.
Ultrasonography ; : 337-344, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731050

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an active contour model for estimating the posterior ablative margin in images obtained by the fusion of real-time ultrasonography (US) and 3-dimensional (3D) US or magnetic resonance (MR) images of an experimental tumor model for radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Chickpeas (n=12) and bovine rump meat (n=12) were used as an experimental tumor model. Grayscale 3D US and T1-weighted MR images were pre-acquired for use as reference datasets. US and MR/3D US fusion was performed for one group (n=4), and US and 3D US fusion only (n=8) was performed for the other group. Half of the models in each group were completely ablated, while the other half were incompletely ablated. Hyperechoic ablation areas were extracted using an active contour model from real-time US images, and the posterior margin of the ablation zone was estimated from the anterior margin. After the experiments, the ablated pieces of bovine rump meat were cut along the electrode path and the cut planes were photographed. The US images with the estimated posterior margin were compared with the photographs and post-ablation MR images. The extracted contours of the ablation zones from 12 US fusion videos and post-ablation MR images were also matched. RESULTS: In the four models fused under real-time US with MR/3D US, compression from the transducer and the insertion of an electrode resulted in misregistration between the real-time US and MR images, making the estimation of the ablation zones less accurate than was achieved through fusion between real-time US and 3D US. Eight of the 12 post-ablation 3D US images were graded as good when compared with the sectioned specimens, and 10 of the 12 were graded as good in a comparison with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide staining and histopathologic results. CONCLUSION: Estimating the posterior ablative margin using an active contour model is a feasible way of predicting the ablation area, and US/3D US fusion was more accurate than US/MR fusion.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Catheter Ablation , Cicer , Dataset , Electrodes , Meat , NAD , Shadowing Technique, Histology , Transducers , Ultrasonography
14.
Ultrasonography ; : 89-97, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730998

ABSTRACT

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising form of thermal ablation of benign thyroid nodules, but evidence supporting its use is scarce. The present review evaluated the efficacy and safety of single-session HIFU treatment of benign thyroid nodules. As reported in the literature, the extent of nodule shrinkage following treatment ranged from 48.8% to 68.8%. Like other forms of ablation, the shrinkage rate was greatest in the first 3-6 months, and the best responders were patients with small (≤10 mL) nodules. Complications were uncommon, but temporary vocal cord palsy occurred in 3%-4% of patients, and was related to the distance between the HIFU beam and the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Despite being safe and efficacious, a larger-scale prospective trial is required.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Goiter, Nodular , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Prospective Studies , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Vocal Cord Paralysis
15.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 63-66, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765678

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of needle-tract seeding after cryoablation and radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinomas. The seeding nodule appeared 6 and 12 months on the follow-up computed tomographic scan, respectively. In both cases, the seeding nodules were solitary in the chest wall, and could be completely resected.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Cryosurgery , Follow-Up Studies , Thoracic Wall , Thorax
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716280

ABSTRACT

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has emerged as an effective loco-regional treatment modality for malignant hepatic tumors. Indeed, studies have demonstrated that RFA of early stage hepatocellular carcinomas can provide comparable overall survival to surgical resection. However, the incidence of local tumor progression (LTP) after RFA is significantly higher than that of surgical resection. Thus, to overcome this limitation, multiple electrode radiofrequency (RF) systems that use a multi-channel RF generator have been developed, and they demonstrate better efficiency in creating larger ablation zones than that using the conventional RFA with a single electrode. Furthermore, RFA with multiple electrodes can allow the “no-touch” ablation technique which may also help to reduce LTP. Another technique that would be helpful in this regard is multi-modality-ultrasound fusion imaging, which helps to not only more accurately determine the target lesion by enabling the RFA of small, poorly visible or invisible tumors, but also improve the monitoring of procedures and determine the appropriateness of the ablation margin. In addition, new energy sources, including microwave and cryoablation, have been introduced in imaging-guided tumor ablation. In this review, these recently introduced ablation techniques and the results of the most current animal and clinical studies are discussed.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Cryosurgery , Electrodes , Incidence , Liver , Microwaves
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(3): f:220-l:226, jul.-set. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-877004

ABSTRACT

Contexto: Faz-se importante o conhecimento técnico dos ajustes de potência e de densidade de energia linear endovenosa (linear endovenous energy density, LEED) adequados para atingir o objetivo final da termoablação endovenosa (endovenous laser ablation, EVLA). Objetivos: Avaliar a influência de diferentes LEEDs em termos de patência e presença de refluxo, bem como determinar a evolução clínica. Métodos: Foram incluídas 60 veias safenas magnas (VSM). Os pacientes foram randomizados em dois grupos: EVLA com baixa potência (7 W e LEED de 20-40 J/cm) e com alta potência (15 W e LEED de 80-100 J/cm). O acompanhamento com eco-Doppler e escore de severidade clínica venoso (VCSS) foi realizado nos intervalos de 3-5 dias, 30 dias, 180 dias e 1 ano após o procedimento. Resultados: Dezoito pacientes (29 membros) tratados com 7W de potência e 13 pacientes (23 membros) com 15 W completaram o estudo. Não houve diferença significativa considerando idade, tempo de cirurgia e o uso de analgésicos, lateralidade, gênero e presença de comorbidades. O LEED médio foi de 33,54 J/cm no grupo de 7 W e de 88,66 J/cm no de 15 W. Ambos apresentaram melhora no VCSS, redução significativa dos diâmetros da JSF e ausência de diferença significativa quanto ao aumento do comprimento do coto da VSM e de refluxo após o tratamento. Conclusões: A utilização de maior densidade de energia mostrou-se mais efetiva em relação à estabilização do comprimento do coto da VSM e do refluxo em 6 meses. Fazem-se necessários estudos com um período de acompanhamento maior para fundamentar essa hipótese


Background: It is important to acquire technical knowledge about the power and linear endovenous energy density (LEED) settings needed to achieve the ultimate goal of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). Objectives: To evaluate the influence of different LEEDs in terms of patency and presence of reflux and to determine clinical outcomes. Methods: Sixty great saphenous veins (GSVs) were included. Patients were randomized into 2 groups, low-power EVLA (7 W and LEED of 20-40 J/cm) and high-power EVLA (15 W and LEED of 80-100 J/cm). Patients were followed-up with duplex ultrasound and calculation of venous clinical severity score (VCSS) at 3-5 days, 30 days, 180 days, and 1 year after the procedure. Results: 18 patients (29 limbs) treated with 7 W of laser power and 13 patients (23 limbs) treated with 15 W of laser power completed the study. There was no significant difference regarding age, operating time, use of analgesics, laterality, sex, or presence of comorbidities. Mean LEED was 33.54 J/cm in the 7-W group and 88.66 J/cm in the 15-W group. Both groups exhibited improvements in VCSS and significant reductions in SFJ diameters, and there were no significant difference in increase of length of the GSV stump or rates of reflux after treatment. Conclusions: The higher energy density setting was more effective for stabilizing the length of the GSV stump and was associated with a lower incidence of reflux at 6 months. Further studies with a longer follow-up period are required to substantiate this hypothesis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ablation Techniques/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Varicose Veins/therapy , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Femoral Vein , Lower Extremity , Prospective Studies , Statistical Analysis , Ultrasonics/methods , Venous Insufficiency/complications
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 52(3): 337-343, May.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899153

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The osteoid osteoma is a benign primary bone tumor that affects mainly males in the second and third decades of life. Radiographic findings show a radiolucent nidus surrounded by reactive sclerotic bone, particularly in the long bones of the lower extremity. Clinically, it presents persistent pain, which is worse at night and improves with salicylates. It can be a self-limiting injury, with an average duration of three years, but because of pain intensity and intolerance to prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, surgical treatment is an option. The diagnosis is suspected according to the history and radiographic findings, and the confirmation is made by histological analysis. The traditional surgical treatment is the complete excision of the nidus, but some disadvantages have been described, such as difficulties in localizing the lesion and risk of fracture during the procedure, hospital stay for pain control, and unfavorable esthetic outcome. The authors report a series of cases treated with thermal radiofrequency ablation guided by computed tomography in this service. It is a safe and an effective percutaneous method that aims to cure, minimizing the trauma and morbidity when compared with the conventional block-resection method.


RESUMO O osteoma osteoide é um tumor ósseo primário benigno que acomete mais o sexo masculino na segunda e terceira décadas da vida. Radiograficamente, caracteriza-se por um nicho radiolucente cercado por osso esclerótico reativo, principalmente em ossos longos da extremidade inferior. Clinicamente, apresenta uma dor persistente de longa duração, com pioria noturna e melhoria com salicilatos. Embora possa ser uma lesão autolimitada, com duração média de três anos, a ressecção da lesão é uma opção de tratamento devido à intensidade da dor e intolerância ao uso prolongado de anti-inflamatórios não hormonais. Sua suspeita diagnóstica baseia-se principalmente na história clínica e nos achados radiográficos, a confirmação é feita pelo estudo anatomopatológico. O tratamento cirúrgico clássico é a excisão cirúrgica completa do nicho, porém são descritas desvantagens como a dificuldade para a localização intraoperatória da lesão, risco de fratura durante o procedimento, tempo de internação hospitalar para controle álgico e resultado estético desfavorável. Relatamos uma série de casos tratados com termoablação por radiofrequência guiada por tomografia computadorizada em nosso serviço. Trata-se de um método percutâneo seguro e eficaz que tem como objetivo a cura, minimiza o trauma e a morbidade do procedimento, quando comparado com o método convencional de ressecção em bloco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Ablation Techniques , Bone Neoplasms , Osteoma, Osteoid , Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 255-262, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887230

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignancy that develops in cirrhotic livers. Its clinical and epidemiological characteristics and mortality rates vary according to geographical region. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile, epidemiological characteristics, laboratory parameters, treatment and survival of patients with HCC. Material and methods. Patients with HCC seen between 2000 and 2012 were studied. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis according to variables in question. Results. The study included 247 patients with a mean age of 60 ± 10 years. There was a predominance of males (74%). The main etiologies of HCC were HCV infection (55%), excessive alcohol consumption (12%), and HBV infection (8%). Liver cirrhosis was present in 92% of cases. The mean tumor number and diameter were 2 and 5 cm, respectively. Patients meeting the Milan criteria corresponded to 43% of the sample. Liver transplantation was performed in 22.4% of patients of the Milan subset and in 10% of the whole sample. The overall mean survival was 60 months, with a 1-, 3- and 5-year survival probability of 74%, 40% and 29%, respectively. Lower survival was observed among patients with alcoholic etiology. Survival was higher among patients submitted to liver transplantation (P < 0.001), TACE (P < 0.001), or any kind of treatment (P < 0.001). However, no difference was found for surgical resection (P = 0.1) or sorafenib (P = 0.1). Conclusion. Patients with HCC were mainly older men diagnosed at an advanced stage. Treatment was associated with better overall survival, but few patients survived to be treated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Ablation Techniques , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/mortality , Niacinamide/analogs & derivatives , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tertiary Care Centers , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatectomy/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Neoplasm Staging , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 118-124, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843473

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Left atrial ganglionated plexi ablation is an adjuvant technique used to increase the success rate of surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation. Ganglionated plexi ablation requires previous detection. We aimed to assess determinants of successful ganglionated plexi detection and to correlate range of ganglionated plexi ablation with risk of early atrial fibrillation recurrence. METHODS: The study involved 34 consecutive patients referred for surgical coronary revascularization with concomitant atrial fibrillation ablation. Ganglionated plexi detection was done by inducing vagal reflexes in the area of the pulmonary veins and left atrial fat pads. RESULTS: Detection of GP was successful in 85% of the patients. There was no difference in preoperative characteristics nor in atrial fibrillation type between patients in whom ganglionated plexi detection was successful and others. The number of detected ganglionated plexi correlated significantly only with preoperative resting heart rate. Significant negative correlation was found in patients with preoperative heart rate>75 beat/min in terms of total number of detected ganglionated plexi (P=0.04). Average number of detected ganglionated plexi was significantly higher in patients with in-hospital atrial fibrillation recurrence requiring electrical cardioversion (3.8±3) in comparison to rest of the study population (2±1.3; P=0.02). In patients in whom 4 or more ganglionated plexi were detected, significantly increased risk of in-hospital atrial fibrillation recurrence was observed (OR 15; 95% CI 1.5-164; P=0.003). CONCLUSION: Left atrial ganglionated plexi detection was unsuccessful in a considerable percentage of patients. Preoperative heart rate significantly influenced positive ganglionated plexi detection and number of ablated ganglia. Higher number of detected ganglionated plexi was related with early recurrence of atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Ganglionectomy/methods , Ablation Techniques/methods , Ganglia, Autonomic/surgery , Heart Rate/physiology , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Preoperative Care/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
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