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1.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 3-9, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1359836

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente se prefieren procedimientos mínimamente invasivos como las técnicas endovasculares para el tratamiento de la insuficiencia de vena safena mayor que pueden ser por ablación térmica, química o mecánica. Éstos tienen la ventaja de ser ambulatorios, presentar menos complicaciones postoperatorias, una rápida incorporación laboral y mejores resultados estéticos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados del tratamiento con radiofrecuencia versus crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de insuficiencia de la vena safena mayor de enero 2017 a octubre 2019. La elección de la técnica a utilizar se hizo al azar. Resultados: El 77% correspondió al género femenino, con edad media 49 años, el estadío C:2 de la clasificación clíica CEAP fue la más frecuente (57%) y el shunt tipo 3 (63%). La ablación por radiofrecuencia se realizó con mayor frecuencia (83%). El dolor y parestesias (fueron las complicaciones más frecuentes en ambos grupos sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0.1470). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativo entre las dos técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en resultado estético (p = 0.4456), el retorno de actividades cotidianas (p = 0.992) ni las laborales (p = 0.901). Conclusiones: Tanto la ablación por radiofrecuencia de la vena safena mayor como la crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal se consideran dos métodos seguros y efectivos para tratar insuficiencia de vena safena mayor; ya que los resultados finales fueron similares para ambas técnicas quirúrgicas.


Introduction: Minimally invasive endovascular procedures like thermal, chemical or mechanical ablation are currently preferred for the treatment of the great saphenous vein insufficiency, because have the advantage of being outpatient, with minimal postoperative complications, a faster incorporation to work and better aesthetic results. This study persuit to evaluate the results of radiofrequency treatment versus sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion. Methods: The study included all the patients with a diagnosis of great saphenous vein insufficiency from January 2017 to October 2019. The technic was chosen randomly. Results: 77% of patients was female , with a mean age of 49 , the C2 stage of the CEAP classification is present in 57% and the type 3 shunt in 63%. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in 83% of the cases. Pain and paresthesia were the most frequent complications, without statistically signification between both technics (p = 0.1470). The aesthetic result, the return to daily activities (p = 0.992) and to work (p = 0.901) had not statistically significant differences between the two surgical techniques. Conclusions: Both, radiofrequency ablation of the greater saphenous vein and sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion are considered safe and effective methods to treat great saphenous vein insufficiency because the final results were similar for both surgical techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Ablation Techniques/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Pain/etiology , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e919, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144437

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La incidencia de enfermedades oncológicas se incrementa cada día. Las terapias ablativas tumorales percutáneas guiadas por imagen constituyen una alternativa de tratamiento para pacientes sin criterio de resección quirúrgica. El objetivo del estudio es argumentar la necesidad del uso de las terapias ablativas tumorales percutáneas en Cuba mediante la revisión de su estado actual en el mundo. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica descriptiva, en bases de datos Google Escolar, MEDLINE (Pubmed) y SciELO. Se seleccionaron 31 artículos, que fueron útiles para actualizar la información. Con la ablación tumoral percutánea se intentó erradicar completamente todas las células malignas viables dentro del tumor. La ablación química, la térmica y otras no térmicas, son las más usadas. Este tratamiento ha demostrado ser efectivo y seguro. Debido su elevado costo, no ha sido posible su introducción en el país(AU)


ABSTRACT The incidence of oncological diseases increases every day. Image-guided percutaneous tumor ablative therapies are treatment alternatives for patients not eligible based on surgical resection criteria. The objective of the study is support the need for the use of percutaneous tumor ablative therapies in Cuba, by reviewing its current state in the world. A descriptive bibliographic review was carried out using the databases Google Scholar, MEDLINE (Pubmed) and SciELO, from which 31 articles were selected, useful to update the information. Percutaneous tumor ablation was performed in view of completely eradicating all viable malignant cells within the tumor. Chemical, thermal and other non-thermal ablations are the most used. This treatment has proven effective and safe. Due to its high cost, its introduction in the country has not been possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Ablation Techniques/methods , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Databases, Bibliographic
3.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(4): 159-165, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT), es actualmente la neoplasia endocrina más frecuente. Su tratamiento estándar es la resolución quirúrgica, asociado a ablación con radioyodo (RI) según la clasificación propuesta por la American Thyroid Association (ATA). Las indicaciones y dosis de este último, han ido variando en los últimos años según avanzan las investigaciones en este ámbito. Objetivo: En el siguiente estudio se compararon las dosis de RI utilizadas previo y posterior a la implementación de las últimas guías de la ATA. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de 70 pacientes con diagnóstico de CDT del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile entre 2012 y 2017. Se agruparon los pacientes en dos cohortes, los operados entre los años 2012-2015 y los 2016-2017 clasificándolos según riesgo ATA, TNM y riesgo de recurrencia. Se consignaron las dosis de RI utilizadas y se compararon entre las cohortes. Análisis estadístico: Mann Whithney. Resultados: Al comparar la dosis de RI entre ambas cohortes, según TNM y riesgo ATA, se obtuvo los siguientes resultados: los pacientes T1b de la cohorte 2012-2015 presentaron dosis de RI significativamente mayores que los de la cohorte 2016-2017; también se evidenció que en pacientes N0 hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa, mostrando una tendencia a disminuir la dosis de RI; además, en los pacientes de la cohorte 2012-2015 con riesgo ATA intermedio, se obtuvo que las dosis de RI fueron significativamente mayores que las utilizadas en la cohorte 2016-2017. Conclusión: Se concluye que las variaciones de las dosis de RI utilizadas en pacientes con CDT en un hospital universitario van acorde a las recomendaciones internacionales actuales, particularmente la publicación de la guía ATA 2015, aplicándose radioablación con menor dosis de RI. Dado este cambio, se ha evidenciado igualdad de efectos con dosis menores de RI y consecuentemente menos efectos adversos.


Introduction: Differentiated thyroid cancer (CDT) is currently the most frequent endocrine neoplasia. Its standard of care is surgical treatment, associated with radioiodine ablation (IR) according to the classification proposed by the American Thyroid Association (ATA). The indications and doses of the latter have changed in recent years as research in this area advances. Objective: In the following study, the doses of IR used before and after the implementation of the latest ATA guidelines were compared. Materials and methods: Retrospective observational study of 70 patients with a diagnosis of CDT from the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile between 2012 and 2017. Patients were grouped into two cohorts, those surgically intervened between the years 2012-2015 and 2016-2017, classifying them according to ATA risk, TNM and recurrence risk. The IR doses used were reported and compared between the cohorts. Statistical analysis: Mann Whithney. Results: When comparing the IR dose between both cohorts, according to TNM and ATA risk, the following results were obtained: T1b patients in the 2012-2015 cohort had significantly higher IR doses than those in the 2016-2017 cohort; It was also evidenced that N0 patients showed a statistically significant tendency to decrease the IR dose; In addition, the 2012-2015 cohort with intermediate ATA risk, revealed IR doses significantly higher than those used in the 2016-2017 cohort. Conclusion: It is concluded that the variations in IR doses, used in patients with CDT in a university hospital, are in accordance with current international recommendations, particularly the publication of the ATA 2015 guidelines, applying radioablation with a lower dose of IR. Given this change, equality of effects has been evidenced with lower doses of IR and consequently fewer adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radiation Dosage , Radiotherapy/standards , Thyroid Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Endocrinology/standards , Iodine Radioisotopes/administration & dosage , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Assessment , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Endocrinology/methods , Ablation Techniques/methods , Iodine Radioisotopes/adverse effects
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 808-812, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020731

ABSTRACT

Eighty percent of hepatocarcinomas are inoperable at the moment of diagnosis. Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice in these cases, but local therapies are another alternative. Among these, Image-Guided BrachyAblation is a safe choice. We report a 76-year-old male with a hepatocarcinoma, who was considered inoperable due to the high surgical risk of the patient. A local treatment with Image-Guided BrachyAblation was decided. A brachytherapy needle was placed in the tumor under computed tomography guidance and a 15 Gy single dose was delivered from an Iridium-192 source. The patient had no immediate complications and at one month of follow up he continued without incidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Brachytherapy/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/radiotherapy , Ablation Techniques/methods , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods , Liver Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Dosage , Iridium Radioisotopes , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
7.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(3): f:220-l:226, jul.-set. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-877004

ABSTRACT

Contexto: Faz-se importante o conhecimento técnico dos ajustes de potência e de densidade de energia linear endovenosa (linear endovenous energy density, LEED) adequados para atingir o objetivo final da termoablação endovenosa (endovenous laser ablation, EVLA). Objetivos: Avaliar a influência de diferentes LEEDs em termos de patência e presença de refluxo, bem como determinar a evolução clínica. Métodos: Foram incluídas 60 veias safenas magnas (VSM). Os pacientes foram randomizados em dois grupos: EVLA com baixa potência (7 W e LEED de 20-40 J/cm) e com alta potência (15 W e LEED de 80-100 J/cm). O acompanhamento com eco-Doppler e escore de severidade clínica venoso (VCSS) foi realizado nos intervalos de 3-5 dias, 30 dias, 180 dias e 1 ano após o procedimento. Resultados: Dezoito pacientes (29 membros) tratados com 7W de potência e 13 pacientes (23 membros) com 15 W completaram o estudo. Não houve diferença significativa considerando idade, tempo de cirurgia e o uso de analgésicos, lateralidade, gênero e presença de comorbidades. O LEED médio foi de 33,54 J/cm no grupo de 7 W e de 88,66 J/cm no de 15 W. Ambos apresentaram melhora no VCSS, redução significativa dos diâmetros da JSF e ausência de diferença significativa quanto ao aumento do comprimento do coto da VSM e de refluxo após o tratamento. Conclusões: A utilização de maior densidade de energia mostrou-se mais efetiva em relação à estabilização do comprimento do coto da VSM e do refluxo em 6 meses. Fazem-se necessários estudos com um período de acompanhamento maior para fundamentar essa hipótese


Background: It is important to acquire technical knowledge about the power and linear endovenous energy density (LEED) settings needed to achieve the ultimate goal of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). Objectives: To evaluate the influence of different LEEDs in terms of patency and presence of reflux and to determine clinical outcomes. Methods: Sixty great saphenous veins (GSVs) were included. Patients were randomized into 2 groups, low-power EVLA (7 W and LEED of 20-40 J/cm) and high-power EVLA (15 W and LEED of 80-100 J/cm). Patients were followed-up with duplex ultrasound and calculation of venous clinical severity score (VCSS) at 3-5 days, 30 days, 180 days, and 1 year after the procedure. Results: 18 patients (29 limbs) treated with 7 W of laser power and 13 patients (23 limbs) treated with 15 W of laser power completed the study. There was no significant difference regarding age, operating time, use of analgesics, laterality, sex, or presence of comorbidities. Mean LEED was 33.54 J/cm in the 7-W group and 88.66 J/cm in the 15-W group. Both groups exhibited improvements in VCSS and significant reductions in SFJ diameters, and there were no significant difference in increase of length of the GSV stump or rates of reflux after treatment. Conclusions: The higher energy density setting was more effective for stabilizing the length of the GSV stump and was associated with a lower incidence of reflux at 6 months. Further studies with a longer follow-up period are required to substantiate this hypothesis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ablation Techniques/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Varicose Veins/therapy , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Femoral Vein , Lower Extremity , Prospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ultrasonics/methods , Venous Insufficiency/complications
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 118-124, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843473

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Left atrial ganglionated plexi ablation is an adjuvant technique used to increase the success rate of surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation. Ganglionated plexi ablation requires previous detection. We aimed to assess determinants of successful ganglionated plexi detection and to correlate range of ganglionated plexi ablation with risk of early atrial fibrillation recurrence. METHODS: The study involved 34 consecutive patients referred for surgical coronary revascularization with concomitant atrial fibrillation ablation. Ganglionated plexi detection was done by inducing vagal reflexes in the area of the pulmonary veins and left atrial fat pads. RESULTS: Detection of GP was successful in 85% of the patients. There was no difference in preoperative characteristics nor in atrial fibrillation type between patients in whom ganglionated plexi detection was successful and others. The number of detected ganglionated plexi correlated significantly only with preoperative resting heart rate. Significant negative correlation was found in patients with preoperative heart rate>75 beat/min in terms of total number of detected ganglionated plexi (P=0.04). Average number of detected ganglionated plexi was significantly higher in patients with in-hospital atrial fibrillation recurrence requiring electrical cardioversion (3.8±3) in comparison to rest of the study population (2±1.3; P=0.02). In patients in whom 4 or more ganglionated plexi were detected, significantly increased risk of in-hospital atrial fibrillation recurrence was observed (OR 15; 95% CI 1.5-164; P=0.003). CONCLUSION: Left atrial ganglionated plexi detection was unsuccessful in a considerable percentage of patients. Preoperative heart rate significantly influenced positive ganglionated plexi detection and number of ablated ganglia. Higher number of detected ganglionated plexi was related with early recurrence of atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Ganglionectomy/methods , Ablation Techniques/methods , Ganglia, Autonomic/surgery , Heart Rate/physiology , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Preoperative Care/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(1): f:23-l:30, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-841401

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto Desde a introdução do laser endovenoso para tratamento das varizes, há uma busca pelo comprimento de onda ideal, capaz de produzir o maior dano seletivo possível com maior segurança e menor incidência de efeitos adversos. Objetivos Avaliar os resultados de médio e longo prazo do laser de diodo de 1940 nm no tratamento de varizes, correlacionando os parâmetros utilizados com a durabilidade do desfecho anatômico. Métodos Revisão retrospectiva de pacientes diagnosticados com insuficiência venosa crônica em estágio clínico baseado em clínica, etiologia, anatomia e patofisiologia (CEAP) C2 a C6, submetidos ao tratamento termoablativo endovenoso de varizes tronculares, com laser com comprimento de onda em 1940 nm com fibra óptica de emissão radial, no período de abril de 2012 a julho de 2015. Uma revisão sistemática dos registros médicos eletrônicos foi realizada para obter dados demográficos e dados clínicos, incluindo dados de ultrassom dúplex, durante o período de seguimento pós-operatório. Resultados A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 53,3 anos; 37 eram mulheres (90,2%). O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 803 dias. O calibre médio das veias tratadas foi de 7,8 mm. A taxa de sucesso imediato foi de 100%, com densidade de energia endovenosa linear (linear endovenous energy density, LEED) média de 45,3 J/cm. A taxa de sucesso tardio foi de 95,1%, com duas recanalizações por volta de 12 meses pós-ablação. Não houve nenhuma recanalização nas veias tratadas com LEED superior a 30 J/cm. Conclusões O laser 1940 nm mostrou-se seguro e efetivo, em médio e longo prazo, para os parâmetros propostos, em segmentos venosos com até 10 mm de diâmetro.


Abstract Background Introduction of the endovenous laser technique for treatment of varicose veins triggered a efforts to identify an ideal wavelength, capable of producing the highest possible selective damage with the greatest safety and lowest incidence of adverse effects. Objectives Assess medium to long term results of 1940nm diode laser treatment of varicose veins, correlating parameters used with durability of the anatomic outcome. Methods This was a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with Chronic Venous Insufficiency at clinical stages CEAP C2 to C6 who underwent thermoablative treatment of trunk varicose veins using a 1940nm wavelength laser with a radial emission optical fiber, from April 2012 to July 2015. A systematic review was conducted of electronic medical records to obtain demographic and clinical data, including postoperative follow-up duplex ultrasound findings. Results The average age of the 41-patient sample was 53.3 years and 37 patients were women (90.2%). The average follow-up time was 803 days. The average caliber of the treated veins was 7.8 mm. The immediate success rate was 100% with an average LEED of 45.3 J/cm. The late success rate was 95.1%, and two recanalizations were observed around 12 months after ablation. There was no recanalization in veins treated with a LEED greater than 30 J/cm. Conclusions The 1940nm laser proved to be safe and effective in venous segments up to 10 mm in diameter, with the parameters proposed, over medium to long term time follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Laser Therapy/methods , Lasers , Treatment Outcome , Varicose Veins/therapy , Ablation Techniques/methods , Age Factors , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ultrasonography/methods , Venous Insufficiency/diagnosis , Venous Insufficiency/therapy
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5846, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839296

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive tonsil surgery for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. Tonsil ablation or turbinate reduction was performed on 49 pediatric patients with OSAHS by minimally invasive tonsil surgery. In order to evaluate the efficacy of surgery, a comparison was conducted between pre-operation and post-operation data in terms of the symptoms, signs and polysomnography test. Total effectiveness rate of the surgery was 83.7%. Subgroup analysis was also performed based on the severity of their conditions: mild, moderate, and severe groups had an effectiveness rate of 90.0, 88.9, and 66.7%, respectively (Hc=6.665, P<0.05). Postoperatively, the apnea-hypopnea index, the minimum oxygen saturation (SaO2), and corresponding symptoms improved compared to pre-operation conditions (P<0.05). Minimally invasive tonsil surgery was a safe and effective method for treating OSAHS in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Ablation Techniques/methods , Palatine Tonsil/surgery , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Ablation Techniques/instrumentation , Adenoids/pathology , Adenoids/surgery , Hypertrophy/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Palatine Tonsil/pathology , Polysomnography , Reproducibility of Results , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 29(4): 652-662, oct.-dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845049

ABSTRACT

La queratectomía fototerapéutica se emplea como arma terapéutica en alteraciones corneales desde hace más de diez años. Su evolución ha incorporado el interés primario de retirar tejido corneal alterado, y se ha propuesto otros objetivos más complejos como son los de obtener una superficie ópticamente más regular e incrementar la salud de la superficie ocular externa con el uso de la técnica adecuada de aplicación de la queratectomía fototerapéutica, de modo que pueda ser aprovechada la precisión de la ablación proporcionada por el láser de excímer. Al final del procedimiento se debe conseguir una superficie corneal regular, que no genere una gran reacción cicatricial y que actúe como sustrato adecuado para promover la correcta adherencia del epitelio. De este modo, la córnea gana en calidad como superficie óptica, en transparencia, en ser menos reactiva cicatricialmente y en poseer un epitelio más adherente. De ahí la motivación para realizar una búsqueda de diversos artículos publicados, con el objetivo de describir los principios de la queratectomía fototerapéutica, la técnica y sus indicaciones. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, con todos sus buscadores(AU)


Phototerapeutic keratectomy is used as a treatment tool to manage corneal alterations lasting over ten years. Its development has included the withdrawal of the altered corneal tissue and has set out more complex objectives such as obtaining a more regular surface from the optical viewpoint and increasing health of the outer ocular surface by using the most adequate technique for phototerapeutic keratectomy in order to make good use of the precision of the Excimer laser ablation. At the end of the procedure, it is possible to attain a regular corneal surface that does not generate great scar reaction and acts as adequate substrate to encourage the correct epithelium adherence. In this way, the cornea increases it quality as an optical surface, its transparency; it has less reactive cicatrix and more adherent epithelium. All the above-mentioned prompted the authors to make a search of several published articles in order to describe the principles of phototherapeutic keratectomy, the technique and the indications to perform it. The Infomed platform, particularly the Virtual Library of Health with all the search engines, was used(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ablation Techniques/methods , Corneal Surgery, Laser/methods , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Libraries, Digital , Review Literature as Topic
12.
Clinics ; 71(10): 600-605, Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy of computed tomography-guided percutaneous ethanol ablation for benign primary and secondary hyperfunctioning adrenal disorders. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated the long-term results of nine patients treated with computed tomography-guided percutaneous ethanol ablation: eight subjects who presented with primary adrenal disorders, such as pheochromocytoma, primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia and aldosterone-producing adenoma, and one subject with Cushing disease refractory to conventional treatment. Eleven sessions were performed for the nine patients. The patient data were reviewed for the clinical outcome and procedure-related complications over ten years. RESULTS: Patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma had clinical improvement: symptoms recurred in one case 96 months after ethanol ablation, and the other patient was still in remission 110 months later. All patients with pheochromocytoma had clinical improvement but were eventually submitted to surgery for complete remission. No significant clinical improvement was seen in patients with hypercortisolism due to primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia or Cushing disease. Major complications were seen in five of the eleven procedures and included cardiovascular instability and myocardial infarction. Minor complications attributed to sedation were seen in two patients. CONCLUSION: Computed tomography-guided ethanol ablation does not appear to be suitable for the long-term treatment of hyperfunctioning adrenal disorders and is not without risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ablation Techniques/methods , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction/surgery , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenalectomy/methods , Adrenocortical Adenoma/surgery , Aldosterone/biosynthesis , Cushing Syndrome/surgery , Hyperplasia/surgery , Pheochromocytoma/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Femina ; 43(2): 65-70, mar-abril 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-756156

ABSTRACT

A presença de anastomoses vasculares placentárias nas gestações gemelares monocoriônicas favorece o surgimento de complicações graves como a Síndrome de Transfusão Feto-Fetal (STFF) e a Sequência Anemia-Policitemia em Gêmeos (TAPS). STFF e TAPS são ambas formas crônicas de transfusão feto-fetal. TAPS, descrita em 2007, é caracterizada por anemia crônica no gêmeo doador e policitemia no gêmeo receptor, na ausência de discordância no volume de líquido amniótico, característica da STFF clássica. O diagnóstico pode ser feito pré- e pós-natal. O critério diagnóstico pré-natal é baseado na discordância intergemelar da medida do Doppler do pico de velocidade sistólica da artéria cerebral média (PSV-ACM). O diagnóstico pós-natal é baseado na grande diferença da hemoglobina intergemelar, ao nascimento, e reticulocitose no gêmeo doador.(AU)


The presence of placental vascular anastomoses in monochorionic twins favors the development of several complications like Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) and Twin Anemia-Polycythemia Sequence (TAPS). TTTS and TAPS are both chronic forms of fetofetal transfusion. TAPS, described on 2007, is characterized by chronic anemia in the donor twin and polycythemia in the recipient twin, in the absence of amniotic fluid volume discordances, characteristic of classical TTTS. The diagnostic can be made pree posnatally. The prenatal diagnostic criteria is based on the inter-twin discordance in Doppler measurement of peak systolic velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCA-PSV). The postnatal diagnosis is based on large intertwin hemoglobin difference at birth and retoculocytosis in the donor twin.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Polycythemia/congenital , Ablation Techniques/methods , Fetofetal Transfusion/surgery , Fetofetal Transfusion/classification , Fetofetal Transfusion/diagnostic imaging , Anemia/congenital , Prenatal Diagnosis , Blood Pressure , Hemoglobins/deficiency , Databases, Bibliographic , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging
15.
Campinas; s.n; ago. 2013. 63 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-706200

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As lesões neurológicas fetais são importante causa de morbimortalidade neonatal. Uma condição relativamente frequente que expõe os fetos a maior risco de lesão cerebral é a síndrome da transfusão feto-fetal grave (STFF). O tratamento de escolha para STFF consiste na ablação dos vasos placentários com laser (AVPL) e mesmo após a sua realização existe possibilidade de lesão neurológica fetal. A ultrassonografia (USG) é ainda o método de escolha para a avaliação de anormalidades encefálicas fetais, e a ressonância magnética (RNM) pode melhorar o diagnóstico em condições específicas. Entretanto, a USG e as imagens ponderadas T1 e T2 da RM não são apropriadas para a detecção de lesões isquêmicas. A Restrição de Difusão da ressonância magnética (RD-RNM) permite a detecção de eventos isquêmicos agudos no cérebro através da avaliação subjetiva e objetiva da difusão microscópica da água. Esta última pode ser obtida por meio da medida do coeficiente de difusão aparente (CDA) e sua reprodutibilidade no cérebro fetal normal, em gestações únicas, foi recentemente demonstrada. Objetivo: Testar a factibilidade e a reprodutibilidade da restrição de difusão da ressonância magnética nas avaliações do cérebro fetal em casos de síndrome de transfusão feto-fetal tratados com a ablação dos vasos placentários com laser. Materiais e Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado no período de maio de 2011 a junho de 2012, após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da FCM/UNICAMP. Pacientes com STFF grave realizaram uma ressonância magnética para a avaliação do cérebro dos fetos antes e depois da AVPL. Os dados foram analisados off-line em imagens axiais da restrição de difusão (RD) e em mapas do coeficiente de difusão aparente por dois radiologistas. A avaliação subjetiva foi descrita como a ausência ou a presença de restrição de difusão da água...


Introduction: The fetal neurological injuries are an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a relatively frequent condition that exposes the fetuses to a higher risk of brain injury. The treatment of choice for TTTS consists in laser ablation of placental vessels (LAPV) and even after its completion there is the possibility of fetal neurologic injury. Ultrasonography (USG) is still the method of choice for evaluation of fetal brain abnormalities, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can improve the diagnostic in specific conditions. However, ultrasonography and the T1 and T2 weighted images of MRI are not suitable for detection of ischemic lesions. Diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI enables the detection of acute hypoxic-ischemic events in the brain through subjective and objective evaluation of the microscopic diffusion of water. An objective evaluation consists of measuring the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC): the reproducibility of this method in the normal fetal brain in singleton pregnancies was recently demonstrated. Purpose: To test the feasibility and reproducibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) evaluations of fetal brains in cases of twin-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser ablation of placental vessels. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from May 2011 to June 2012, after approval by the Institutional Review Board of FCM/UNICAMP. Patients with severe TTTS received an MRI scan for the evaluation of fetal brain before and after LAPV. Datasets were analyzed offline on axial DW images and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps by two radiologists. The subjective evaluation was described as the absence or presence of water diffusion restriction...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cerebrum , Fetal Development , Fetofetal Transfusion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ablation Techniques/methods , Ultrasonography
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 26(3): 447-454, jul.-set. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-624528

ABSTRACT

A fibrilação atrial (FA) no pré-operatório de operações cardíacas abertas, incluindo revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio (RCM) e operações valvares, representa fator de risco independente para eventos cardíacos maiores e redução de sobrevida. Devido à complexidade do assunto, principalmente na avaliação das taxas de sucesso, foi proposta recentemente uma declaração de consenso pela International Society of Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery (ISMICS), com o intuito de determinar se a ablação operatória da FA promove resultados clínicos favoráveis em pacientes submetidos a outras operações cardíacas na comparação com operações isoladas sem ablação. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar dados da literatura que possam contribuir para o consenso sobre o tratamento operatório da FA e ser utilizado como fonte de atualização. A metodologia envolveu revisão integrativa da literatura, com análise e síntese dos dados obtidos de forma descritiva, apresentando o conhecimento atual sobre o tema apresentado.


When atrial fibrillation (AF) is present in pre-operative open heart surgeries, including coronary artery bypass grafting and valve operations, it represents an independent risk factor for cardiac events and reduced survival. Due to the complexity of the subject, especially when evaluating success rates (reversion and maintenance of normal sinus rhythm), a consensus statement was recently proposed by the International Society of Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery (ISMICS), in order to determine whether the intraoperative ablation of AF promotes favorable clinical outcomes in patients undergoing other cardiac operations in comparison with individual operations without ablation. The aim of this paper is to present published data which has contributed to consensus statement and can be useful as update source. The integrative review was the methodology that provides synthesis of knowledge and applicability of results of significant studies about presented topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ablation Techniques/adverse effects , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Ablation Techniques/methods , Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 128(6): 367-370, Dec. 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-574000

ABSTRACT

Currently, off-pump video-assisted thoracoscopic epicardial pulmonary vein isolation offers an attractive alternative to on-pump Maze procedures for surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation. Nevertheless, on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach still play an important role in patients with lone atrial fibrillation on many occasions, especially in patients with failed percutaneous pulmonary vein alone. The aim of this article was to give a brief review of the surgical strategies for treating lone atrial fibrillation, and present the possible indications for on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach.


Atualmente, isolamento epicárdico da veia pulmonar com cirurgia torácica vídeo-assistida sem circulação extracorpórea oferece uma alternativa atraente para procedimento de Maze com circulação extracorpórea no tratamento cirúrgico da fibrilação atrial solitária. No entanto, procedimento de Maze com circulação extracorpórea através de uma meio-esternotomia ainda desempenha papel importante em pacientes com fibrilação atrial isolada em várias ocasiões, especialmente em pacientes com falha da veia pulmonar percutânea isoladamente. O objetivo do artigo é fazer uma breve revisão de estratégias para o tratamento cirúrgico fibrilação atrial isolado e apresentar as possíveis indicações de procedimento de Maze com extracorpórea, através de uma abordagem meio-esternotomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ablation Techniques/methods , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Sternum/surgery
19.
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2009; 10 (2): 63-67
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143583

ABSTRACT

One of the potential strategies to increase the efficacy of RFA is to modulate the biologic environment of the treated tissues. Several investigators have studied increasing RFA heating by combining intra-tumoral injections of different concentrations of sodium chloride with RFA. The aim of this study is to assess the enhancing effect of normal saline [NS] on radiofrequency ablation [RFA] of hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] using a cool-tip needle. This study included 40 patients with HCC [proved by histopathology or combined spiral CT and elevated alpha-fetoprotein]. They were randomly divided into two groups [20 patients in each group]. The first group was treated with RFA preceded by intra-tumoral normal saline injection [RFA + S]; the second group was treated with RFA only [RFA]. The procedure was successful in all patients [100%] of the RFA + S group and in 11 [55%] of the RFA group [as proved by spiral CT or pathology]. This difference between the two procedures was statistically highly significant [P = <0.01]. No major complications occurred in either group. Combined RFA and normal saline is more effective than RFA alone. Considering the reduced cost and wide availability of isotonic saline together with the easy performance of the intra-tumoral injection, the dramatic improvement in therapeutic effect of RFA to 100% could be a breakthrough in future strategies to modernize the RFA technique


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ablation Techniques/methods , Sodium Chloride , Catheter Ablation/methods , Liver Neoplasms , Tomography, Spiral Computed
20.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 15(1): 168-178, 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-508239

ABSTRACT

Administration of antivenom is currently the standard treatment for snake envenomation. However, it can sometimes cause anaphylactic reactions including urticaria, bronchospasm and hypotension. Furthermore, it may also provoke life-threatening complications, even though the mortality rate is less than 1 percent. In this study, we present a new treatment - immediate radical fang mark ablation - that was successfully performed on five victims of Japanese viper bites without antivenom use. In these five victims of venomous snakebites, surgical debridement was immediately performed. Two patients received a free-skin graft to resurface their wounds while three of them healed conservatively (i.e. by ointment treatment without surgery). After treatment, all patients could return to work. Immediate radical ablation is a recommended procedure that can reduce the amount of venom in tissues, which consequently decreases inflammatory reactions and reduces the necessity for antivenom.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Snake Bites , Snakes , Antivenins , Ablation Techniques/methods
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