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Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-16], abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364002


Scapular dyskinesis is an abnormality in scapula static or dynamic position. There are several techniques for scapular dyskinesis conservative treatment, including Kinesio Tape application, which is used to promote and support scapula joint alignment, decrease pain and improve local muscle control. The study aim to investigate the effect of kinesio tape on scapular kinematics in subjects with scapular dyskinesis. Fourteen subjects with scapular dyskinesis performed flexion and scaption movements in two conditions: (1) without load and (2) holding a dumbbell. A scapular tape was applied over the lower trapezius (Y shaped) muscle with a 20% tension. Kinematic data were captured with 10 infrared cameras and analyzed based on Euler angles, peak values of upward rotation, internal rotation, and posterior tilt angles. To compare the situations with and without kinesio tape the repeated measures two-way ANOVAs (α = 0.05) was performed using SPSS software. Scapular tape increase upward rotation and posterior tilt during flexion of the shoulder. No interaction (Load x KT) was found during flexion, suggesting that KT effect in the peak values is the same, regardless the load condition. Scapular tape decreases internal rotation during scaption and a significant interaction was found between load x KT, suggesting the effect of using KT could depend the load u sed during this movement. The results suggest that kinesio tape may can be use as assistant to increase upward rotation, posterior tilt and decrease internal rotation in scapular dyskinesis subjects. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shoulder , Torsion Abnormality , Biomechanical Phenomena , Athletic Tape , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities , Pain , Scapula , Kinesiology, Applied , Superficial Back Muscles , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Joints , Movement , Muscles
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765836


Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the zona incerta has shown promising results in the reduction of medically refractory movement disorders. However, evidence supporting its efficacy in movement disorders secondary to hemorrhagic stroke or hemichoreoathetosis is limited. We describe a 48-year-old man who developed progressive hemichoreoathetosis with an arrhythmic, proximal tremor in his right arm following a thalamic hemorrhagic stroke. Pharmacological treatment was carried out with no change in the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score after 4 weeks (14). After six sessions of botulinum toxin treatment, a subtle improvement in the AIMS score (13) was registered, but no clinical improvement was noted. The arrhythmic proximal movements were significantly improved after DBS of the zona incerta with a major decrease in the patient’s AIMS score (8). The response to DBS occurring after the failure of pharmacological and botulinum toxin treatments suggests that zona incerta DBS may be an alternative for postthalamic hemorrhage movement disorders.

Humans , Middle Aged , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Arm , Botulinum Toxins , Chorea , Deep Brain Stimulation , Hemorrhage , Herpes Zoster , Movement Disorders , Stroke , Tremor , Zona Incerta
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725218


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms and tardive dyskinesia (TD) and reveal the association of cognitive function and TD in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: We recruited 30 schizophrenia patients with TD and 31 without TD from a national mental hospital in South Korea. To assess depressive and anxiety symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI–II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were conducted. Using the five-factor structure of the BDI-II and BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety were assessed. Computerized neurocognitive function test (CNT) was performed to assess levels of cognitive functions. We compared the clinical characteristics, levels of cognitive functions, and depressive and anxiety symptoms between schizophrenia patients with TD and without TD. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent t-test and Mann Whitney U test were conducted to compare two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate relationships among the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS), BDI-II, BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety. RESULTS: The subjects with TD had significantly lower score on the cognitive depression than those without TD (t = −2.087, p = 0.041). There were significant correlations between the AIMS score and the BDI-II score (r = −0.386, p = 0.035) and between the AIMS score and cognitive depression score (r = − 0.385, p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the inverse relationship between severities in TD and depression and support the assumption that there is an inverse relationship between the pathophysiology of TD and depression.

Humans , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Anxiety , Cognition , Depression , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Korea , Movement Disorders , Schizophrenia
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 43(1): 8-14, July 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-869773


Introducción: Para utilizar un meta-análisis de todos los casos reportados de la estimulación cerebral profunda (DBS) para ladistonía para determinar cuáles son los factores significativos resultados influencia relacionada con el destino. La escala demovimiento Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM), la medida más informado, fue elegida como la principal medida de resultado paraeste análisis. Material y Métodos: Una búsqueda en MEDLINE identificaron 137 pacientes que se sometieron a DBS para ladistonía en 24 estudios que tenían puntuaciones individuales BFM. Datos de los pacientes individuales, incluyendo la edad deinicio de la distonía, la edad de la cirugía, el género, la distribución de la distonía, la etiología de la distonía, la presencia decaracterísticas asociadas, anormalidad de las imágenes preoperatorias, cirugías estereotáxica anteriores, el núcleo estimulado,el tipo de anestesia que se utiliza, el tiempo de respuesta a la estimulación, y el momento de la evaluación de resultadosse introdujeron en una base de datos de SPSS para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: La media BFM cambio porcentual(mejora en la puntuación postoperatoria de la línea de base) fue 51,8% (rango - 34% a 100%). Significativamente se lograronmejores resultados con la estimulación del globo pálido interno (GPI) que con la estimulación de la parte posterior del núcleolateral ventral (VLP) del tálamo (p = 0,0001)...

Introduction: To use a meta-analysis on all reported cases of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia to reevaluate the good effect using the GPi as a target, which factors significant influence outcome related to the target. The Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM) movement scale, the most reported measure, was chosen as the primary outcome measure for this analysis. Material and Methods: Computerized MEDLINE searches on English literature search identified 137 patients who underwent BBS for dystonia in 24 studies that had individual BFM scores. The study was done with statistical analysis by intention to treat. Statistical analysis was made with a significant p- value of 0.05. For the comparison of pre- and postoperative scores, a test Wilcoxon signed was used. Results: The mean BFM percentage change (improvement in postoperative score from baseline) was 46.3 percent(range - 34 percent to 100 percent)...

Humans , Male , Female , Dystonia/etiology , Dystonia/therapy , Deep Brain Stimulation/methods , Stereotaxic Techniques , Stereotypic Movement Disorder , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Electric Stimulation/methods
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108197


OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets in patients with first-episode psychosis (n=75). METHODS: This was an 8-week, open-label, multicenter trial. The primary outcome variable was scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS); secondary measures included the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI), and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). To assess safety, we measured drug-related adverse events, weight, lipid-related variables, and prolactin and administered the Simpson–Angus Rating Scale (SARS), the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), the Barnes Akathisia Scale (BAS), the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), and the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser side effect rating scale (UKU). RESULTS: The administration of paliperidone ER resulted in significant improvement in the PANSS, SANS, CAI, and GAF scores (p<0.001) over time. This improvement was evident as early as 1 week. The most frequent adverse events were akathisia, somnolence, anxiety, and sedation, which were well tolerated. Modest increases in weight and lipid profiles were also noted. Prolactin levels were substantially increased at the endpoint in both male and female patients. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that paliperidone ER is effective and is characterized by good tolerability in the treatment of positive and negative symptoms and cognitive functioning in first-episode psychosis.

Female , Humans , Male , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Anxiety , Arizona , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Paliperidone Palmitate , Prolactin , Psychomotor Agitation , Psychotic Disorders , Tablets