Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.110
Filter
1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(8): 393-396, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358639

ABSTRACT

El epitelio corneal es una importante barrera de defensa que impide el ingreso de una gran variedad de microorganismos. Cualquier alteración de la superficie ocular facilita la invasión bacteriana de la córnea. El germen más frecuentemente identificado es Staphylococcus aureus. Se presenta una paciente con enfermedad debida al virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) con diagnóstico de sida, absceso corneal bilateral y lesiones cutáneas. S.aureus meticilino resistente se aisló en hemocultivos y en material obtenido por raspado de la córnea. El absceso corneal es una entidad poco frecuente en pacientes con infección por VIH y síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida.


The corneal epithelium is an important defense barrier that prevents the entry of great variety of microorganisms. Any alteration of the ocular surface facilitates bacterial invasion of the cornea. The most frequently reported germ is Staphylococcus aureus. Here, we present a patient with a diagnosis of HIV/ AIDS disease, who developed bilateral corneal abscess and skin lesions. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from blood cultures and corneal scrapings. Corneal abscess is a rare entity in patients with HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , AIDS Serodiagnosis , Eye Infections/therapy , Corneal Ulcer/classification , Ultrasonography , Cornea/surgery , Abscess/etiology , Eye Manifestations
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347393

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El plastrón apendicular es una tumoración inflamatoria constituida por el apéndice inflamado, vísceras adyacentes y epiplón mayor. Puede contener o no pus (absceso/flemón). Objetivo: Precisar si está indicada la apendicectomía de urgencia o de intervalo en los pacientes con plastrón y/o absceso apendicular sometidos a tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión en las bases de datos bibliográficas Web of Science, PubMed, Medline y Lilacs, mediante el motor de búsqueda Google académico. Se seleccionaron 28 artículos en inglés y español; 20 (71,2 por ciento) correspondieron al quinquenio 2016-20 y el 96,4 por ciento de autores extranjeros. Desarrollo: El estándar actual es el tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial del plastrón y el drenaje percutáneo del absceso. La apendicectomía de intervalo tiene un beneficio mínimo y puede conducir a un aumento de los costos, estancia hospitalaria, antibioticoterapia intravenosa y de la morbilidad. Se debe realizar un seguimiento cuidadoso en enfermos con riesgo de enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal o cáncer de colon, sin importar qué opción se elija (operación de intervalo u observación). Conclusiones: La apendicectomía de urgencia no es recomendable porque el componente inflamatorio la hace técnicamente difícil, puede necesitar una colectomía y aumentar la morbilidad, aunque actualmente, la apendicectomía laparoscópica de urgencia puede ser más rentable y segura. La decisión posterior de la apendicectomía a intervalos sigue siendo discutible. El intervalo recomendado varía entre 6 y 8 semanas, tres y seis meses después de la normalización clínico humoral(AU)


Introduction: Appendiceal plastron is an inflammatory tumor made up of inflamed appendix, adjacent viscera and greater omentum. It may or may not contain pus (abscess/phlegmon). Objective: To specify whether emergency or interval appendectomy is indicated in patients with appendicular abscess and/or plastron who had undergone initial nonsurgical treatment. Methods: A review was carried out in the bibliographic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Medline and Lilacs, using the search engine Google Scholar. Twenty-eight articles were selected, in English and Spanish; twenty (71.2 percent) corresponded to the quinquennium 2016-20, while 96.4 percent were written by foreign authors. Development: The current standard is the initial nonsurgical treatment of the plastron and percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Interval appendectomy has minimal benefits and can lead to increased costs, hospital stay, intravenous antibiotic therapy and morbidity. Patients at risk for inflammatory bowel disease or colon cancer should be carefully followed up, regardless of which option is chosen (interval operation or observation). Conclusions: Emergency appendectomy is not recommended because the inflammatory component makes it technically difficult; it may require colectomy and increase morbidity, although currently, emergency laparoscopic appendectomy may be more profitable and safer. The subsequent decision for interval appendectomy remains debatable. The recommended interval varies from six to eight weeks, three and six months after clinical-humoral normalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Abscess/etiology , Emergencies , Databases, Bibliographic , Colectomy/methods , Search Engine/methods
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(3): 146-150, jul./set. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363943

ABSTRACT

A pele é o maior órgão do corpo e pode ser acometida por uma série de processos patológicos. As doenças dermatológicas em geral são um aspecto frustrante na clínica de animais de grande porte. Desse modo, o objetivo deste estudo foi relatar lesões de pele diagnosticadas em búfalos na região do Baixo Amazonas, estado do Pará. Foram avaliados 156 búfalos das raças Murrah, Mediterrâneo e seus mestiços; adultos e jovens, com idade variando de oito meses a nove anos. No exame físico constatou-se que 36,5% (57/156) dos animais apresentavam abscessos no local de vacinação. Destes, 12,2% (19/156) eram abscessos com presença de alopecia e 1,3% (2/156) com fistulação Além disso, 1,3% (2/156) dos animais apresentaram ainda no local de vacinação, feridas ulceradas com presença de secreção purulenta. Identificou-se que 3,8% (6/156) dos búfalos possuíam lesões provenientes da marcação a fogo, com queimaduras, de aspecto crostoso, eritematoso e exsudativo, na região da garupa.; A maioria 64,1% (100/156) dos animais apresentaram corte das orelhas, 1,9% (3/156) apresentaram lesões por penetração de corno e em 1,2% (2/156) observou-se lesão de pele no membro posterior direito. Conclui-se que foi possível diagnosticar diversas lesões cutâneas nos búfalos na região do Baixo Amazonas, sendo o erro no manejo dos animais as principais causas das lesões diagnosticadas. Além disso, houve correlação entre dois grupos de animais avaliados (com e sem lesão).


The skin is the largest organ in the body and can be affected by a series of pathological processes. Dermatological diseases in general are a frustrating aspect in the clinic of large animals. Thus, the objective of this study was to report skin lesions diagnosed in buffaloes in the region of Baixo Amazonas, state of Pará. 156 buffaloes of the Murrah, Mediterranean and crossbred breeds were taken; Adults and young people, with ages varying from eight months to nine years. On physical examination, it was found that 36.5% (57/156) of the animals had abscesses at the vaccination site. Of these, 12.2% (19/156) were abscesses with the presence of alopecia and 1.3% (2/156) with fistulation. In addition, 1.3% (2/156) of the animals separated at the vaccination site, ulcerated wounds with the presence of purulent secretion. It was identified that 3.8% (6/156) of the buffaloes had the location of the fire mark, with burns, with a crusted, erythematous and exudative aspect, in the croup region. The majority 64.1% (100/156) of the animals separation of the ears, 1.9% (3/156) dissipation by penetration of the horn and in 1.2% (2/156) a skin lesion was observed in any limb posterior right. It was concluded that it was possible to diagnose several cutaneous lesions in buffaloes in the region of Baixo Amazonas, with the error in handling animals being the main causes of the diagnosed injuries. In addition, there was a correlation between two groups of acquired animals (with and without injury).


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin Diseases/veterinary , Buffaloes/injuries , Burns/veterinary , Amazonian Ecosystem , Abscess/veterinary
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e261-e263, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248225

ABSTRACT

Los hematomas y abscesos septales constituyen una urgencia en rinología y requieren tratamiento quirúrgico temprano debido al riesgo de complicaciones infecciosas, funcionales y estéticas. Suelen aparecer como consecuencia de un traumatismo nasal, aunque también se han descrito en relación con otros desencadenantes. La acumulación de sangre o pus entre el mucopericondrio y el cartílago septal causa lesión por necrosis avascular en el cartílago y la destrucción de este.Desde el punto de vista clínico, se presenta como insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal y dolor facial. Con menor frecuencia, el motivo de consulta es deformidad del dorso nasal, epistaxis, rinorrea purulenta y fiebre.Se presentan en este trabajo dos casos clínicos con diagnóstico de hematoma septal que requirieron cirugía.


Hematomas and septal abscesses are an emergency in rhinology and require early surgical treatment due to the risk of infectious, functional, and aesthetic complications. They generally occur as a consequence of nasal trauma, although they have also been described in relation to other triggers. Accumulation of blood or pus between the mucoperichondrium and septal cartilage, causes avascular necrosis injury to the cartilage with cartilage destruction.Clinically it presents as nasal ventilatory insufficiency and facial pain. In a lower percentage, the reason for consultation was nasal dorsal deformity, epistaxis, purulent rhinorrhea and fever.We present two clinical cases with septal hematoma. Both required surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Nasal Cartilages/injuries , Hematoma/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries , Abscess , Hematoma/surgery
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e540-e544, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292794

ABSTRACT

La infección por Bartonella henselae (BH) que causa la enfermedad por arañazo de gato puede cursar de manera asintomática, así como presentar manifestaciones locales y sistémicas. El objetivo de este caso es documentar que el compromiso hepatoesplénico es poco habitual en este tipo de infección y el tratamiento, que debe ser personalizado, aún genera controversia. Se presenta un caso de una paciente de 11 años con fiebre de origen de desconocido con hallazgos en tomografía y ecografía abdominal de abscesos hepatoesplénicos, y confirmación de infección por BH a través de métodos serológicos. Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica donde se evidencia la baja frecuencia de compromiso hepatoesplénico. De esta manera, la anamnesis y el examen físico son fundamentales para realizar un rápido diagnóstico y tratamiento


The infection by Bartonela henselae (BH), the cause of cat scratch disease, it could be asymptomatic or produce local and multisystem illness. The objective of this case report is to document that the hepato-splenic involvement is unusual in BH infection, and the treatment is discussed and individualized in each patient. This case is about an eleven-year girl who presented with findings in abdominal tomography and ultrasound of hepato-splenic abscesses, with later positive serology for BH. In this way, a bibliographic review is carried out to show the low prevalence and incidence of hepato-splenic involvement where the anamnesis and the physical examination are essential to make an early diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Splenic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae , Abscess , Liver
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286966

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The literature on the safety and long-term sequelae of transrectal and transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscesses is limited. We evaluated the outcomes and safety of pelvic abscess drainage by interventional radiology at our institution. Methods After obtaining institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of transrectal and transvaginal pelvic abscesses drainage using computed tomography, endorectal ultrasound, and or fluoroscopy. Results The study included 26 patients, with an age range of 24 to 88 years old, out of whom 53.8% were men. A total of 46.1% of the participants were African Americans and 26.9% were Caucasians. The average body mass index was 28.4 (range: 15.6 to 41.9). The most common etiology was penetrating abdominal injury (27%), followed by appendectomy (23%), diverticular disease (11.5%), anastomotic leak (11.5%), and disorders of gynecological causes (11.5%). The mean abscess diameter was 6.3 cm (range: 3.3 to 10.0 cm). Transrectal drainage was performed in all except one patient who had a transvaginal drainage. Transrectal ultrasound was used for drainage in 92.3% cases, and fluoroscopy was used as an additional imaging modality in 75% of the cases. An 8- or 10-Fr pigtail catheter was used in>80% of the patients. Drains were removed between 2 and 7 days in 92.3% of the cases. The average follow-up was 30.4 months (range: 1 to 107 months), and no long-term complications were reported. Only one patient required subsequent operative intervention for an anastomotic leak. Conclusions Pelvic abscess drainage by transrectal route using radiological guidance is a safe and effective procedure.


Resumo Objetivo A literatura sobre a segurança e as sequelas no longo prazo da drenagem transretal e transvaginal do abscesso pélvico é limitada. Avaliamos os resultados e a segurança da drenagem do abscesso pélvico por radiologia intervencionista em nossa instituição. Métodos Após obter a aprovação do conselho de revisão institucional, avaliamos retrospectivamente os resultados da drenagem de abscessos pélvicos transretais e transvaginais por meio de tomografia computadorizada, ultrassom endorretal, e/ou fluoroscopia. Resultados Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes, com faixa etária de 24 a 88 anos, dos quais 53,8% eram homens. Um total de 46,1% eram afro-descendentes, e 26,9% eram brancos. O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 28,4 (gama: 15,6 a 41,9). A etiologia mais comum foi lesão abdominal penetrante (27%), seguida de apendicectomia (23%), doença diverticular (11,5%), fístula anastomótica (11,5%) e distúrbios de causas ginecológicas (11,5%). O diâmetro médio do abscesso foi de 6,3 cm(gama: 3,3 a 10,0 cm). A drenagem transretal foi realizada em todos os pacientes, com exceção de uma, que foi submetida a uma drenagem transvaginal. A ultrassonografia transretal foi utilizada para drenagem em 92,3% dos casos, e a fluoroscopia como modalidade adicional de imagem, em 75% dos casos. Um catéter duplo J de 8 ou 10 Fr foi usado em>80% dos pacientes. Os drenos foram retirados entre 2 e 7 dias em 92,3% dos casos. O acompanhamentomédio foi de 30,4meses (gama: 1 a 107 meses), e nenhuma complicação de longo prazo foi relatada. Apenas um paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica subsequente para um vazamento anastomótico. Conclusão A drenagem do abscesso pélvico por via transretal com orientação radiológica é um procedimento seguro e eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/physiopathology , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/methods , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
7.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 59-67, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345921

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN A lo largo de la historia de la cirugía numerosas inexactitudes han rodeado el capítulo relacionado con el surgimiento de las incisiones torácicas. Siempre será muy difícil precisar la fecha exacta y el nombre de quienes realmente realizaron las primeras toracotomías; obviamente debe asumirse como tales a quienes publicaron o informaron las descripciones originales, pero la historia no siempre ha sido correctamente contada. En unos casos solo se conocen apellidos; en otros, la incongruencia de los lapsos de tiempo se opone a toda lógica. Se ha realizado una profunda investigación histórica que ha permitido confeccionar un breve recuento del surgimiento de las toracotomías más importantes y descubrir algunos hallazgos desconocidos para la mayoría de los cirujanos torácicos. Esta es la primera parte de un breve relato de hechos conocidos, pero especialmente, de la historia desconocida del origen de las incisiones torácicas que han vencido la prueba del tiempo.


ABSTRACT Throughout the history of surgery many inaccuracies have surrounded the chapter related to the emergence of thoracic incisions. It will always be very difficult to determine the exact date and names of those who actually performed the first thoracotomies; obviously those who published or reported the first descriptions should be assumed as such, but the history has not always been well told. In some cases, only surnames are known; in some others, the inconsistency of time lapses opposes all logic. A thorough historical research has been carried out, which has made it possible to compile a brief account about the emergence of the most important thoracotomies, as well as to reveal some findings that are unknown to most thoracic surgeons. This is the first part of a brief account about the known facts, but also, it is especially about the unknown history of the thoracic incisions' origin, which has overcome the test of time.


Subject(s)
Pericardium , Pleural Effusion , Thoracotomy , Abscess , History of Medicine , Lung
8.
Femina ; 49(2): 115-120, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224068

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho buscou reunir dados essenciais sobre as etiologias de dor pélvica aguda, uma queixa constante nos serviços de emergências e ambulatórios de ginecologia, responsável por grande desconforto e impacto na qualidade de vida de pacientes mulheres. É uma condição laboriosa por causa de seu amplo espectro de causas, devendo ser abordada com cuidado e atenção pelo profissional médico, o qual deve considerar os diversos diagnósticos diferenciais, sendo a ultrassonografia o exame de maior importância para auxiliar em seu diagnóstico. As principais etiologias não obstétricas podem ser não ginecológicas e ginecológicas; essas últimas são divididas em anexiais e uterinas. Entre as causas ginecológicas, devem- -se investigar cistos ovarianos, torções anexiais, leiomiomas, doença inflamatória pélvica, abscesso tubo-ovariano, dismenorreia e complicações de dispositivos intrauterinos. A maioria das causas tem tratamento eficaz, com retorno da função do órgão e melhora da qualidade de vida, sem complicações, especialmente se diagnosticada precocemente.(AU)


The aim of this study was to gather important data on acute pelvic pain etiologies, a usual complaint in the emergency services and gynecology outpatient clinics, responsible for great discomfort and impact on quality of life in female patients. It is a laborious condition due to its wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be approached with attention by the physician, who must consider all the possible diagnoses, being the ultrasonography the most important exam to detect it. The main non-obstetric etiologies can be non-gynecological and gynecological, which are separated in adnexal and uterine causes. Among the gynecological causes, ovarian cysts, adnexal torsions, leiomyomas, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian tube abscess, dysmenorrhea and complications of intrauterine devices should be investigated. Most causes can be effectively treated, with return of organ function and improved quality of life, without complications, especially if diagnosed early.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/etiology , Ovarian Cysts/complications , Databases, Bibliographic , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abscess/complications , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Ovarian Torsion/complications , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Leiomyoma/complications
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921875

ABSTRACT

Computed tomography (CT) examination is the major measure for detecting and diagnosis of foreign bodies in human body. Although CT has high sensitivity in diagnosis of foreign body, some interference factors may still lead to missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Here we report a rare case that a bamboo stick accidentally pierced into the left chest of a young man who was drunk and unware of this hurt. The patient experienced cough, chest pain, fever, hemoptysis, and was misdiagnosed as primary and secondary tuberculosis based on chest CT examinations at a local hospital, although no tubercular bacillus detected by sputum smear. He subsequently received anti-tuberculous treatments in the following three years, but no improvement of his symptoms was observed. Until one month before his death, the bamboo stick was detected by spiral CT examination as well as three-dimensional image reconstruction at another hospital. Postmortem examination revealed pneumonia, pulmonary infarction, and abscess as the causes of his death. We analyze the potential reasons of misdiagnosis in this case, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary inflammation associated with foreign body in the future.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Diagnostic Errors , Humans , Male , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Infarction , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
10.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(3): 230-236, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292719

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones odontogénicas afectan al 80 %-90 % de la población y pueden dar lugar a complicaciones potencialmente mortales como la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, una infección polimicrobiana aguda en el mediastino con una tasa de mortalidad entre el 11 % y 40 %. Su detección precoz y el tratamiento adecuado con manejo antibiótico y drenaje quirúrgico a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario representan factores influyentes en el pronóstico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: en este artículo presentamos un caso de mediastinitis necrotizante descendente en un paciente masculino de 34 años, que se originó por una infección odontogénica que requirió un procedimiento dental. El paciente fue hospitalizado por el empeoramiento del estado clínico a pesar de la profilaxis antibiótica. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) confirmó la extensión de la infección al mediastino, y el paciente fue tratado con éxito con antibioterapia intravenosa y múltiples drenajes quirúrgicos intraorales, cervicotomía y toracoscopia. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos globales y se seleccionaron los artículos por los siguientes términos MeSH y DeCS: "mediastinitis necrotizante descendente", "angina de Ludwig", "absceso", "toracoscopia" y sus respectivos en inglés, priorizando los referentes a la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente de origen odontogénico. Conclusiones: en la mediastinitis necrotizante descendente, la combinación de diagnóstico precoz, tratamiento antibiótico de amplio espectro, mantenimiento de la vía aérea y drenaje quirúrgico amplio y a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario mejora de manera importante el pronóstico de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Odontogenic infections affect 80%-90% of the population and can lead to life-threatening complications such as descending necrotizing mediastinitis. Is an acute polymicrobial infection in the mediastinum with a mortality rate of 11%-40%. Its early detection and adequate treatment with antibiotic management and surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team represent influential factors in the prognosis of the disease. Objective: In this article, we present a case of descending necrotizing mediastinitis in a 34-year-old male patient that originated from an odontogenic infection that required a dental procedure. The patient was hospitalized for worsening clinical status despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Computed axial tomography confirmed the extension of the infection to the mediastinum and the patient was successfully treated with intravenous antibiotherapy and multiple intraoral, cervicotomy, and thoracoscopic surgical drains. Materials and methods: A search was made in global databases, articles were selected by the following MeSH and DeCS terms: "descending necrotizing mediastinitis", "Ludwig's angina", "abscess", "thoracoscopy", and their respective English terms, prioritizing those referring to descending necrotizing mediastinitis of odontogenic origin. Conclusions: In descending necrotizing mediastinitis, the combination of early diagnosis, broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, airway maintenance, and extensive surgical drainage by a multidisciplinary team significantly improves the prognosis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mediastinitis , Thoracoscopy , Abscess , Ludwig's Angina
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 586-589, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134543

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Our objective was report an extremely rare case of isolated meningitis and suppurative dacrioadenitis as consequences of odontogenic sinusitis. We describe the diagnostic tools including imaging and culture, as well as surgical treatment and follow-up. Our final diagnosis was odontogenic sinusitis caused by Streptococcus Anginosus complicated by isolated meningitis and lacrimal gland abscess. Urgent surgical treatment to restore the paranasal sinuses and drainage of the lacrimal gland was performed. Culture from purulent material collected from maxillary sinus indicated the targeted therapy. Clinical assessment and imaging obtained 20 days after surgery demonstrated successful results. This case emphasizes the importance of evaluating intracranial complications of rinosinusitis, the need to search for a dental infection when a maxillary sinusitis is encountered, the key role of a thorough diagnostic workup in order to plan a comprehensive and effective surgical treatment, as well as targeted medical therapy.


RESUMEN: En este estudio se informa un caso extremadamente raro de meningitis aislada y dacrioadenitis supurativa, como consecuencia de sinusitis odontogénica. Describimos las herramientas de diagnóstico que incluyen imágenes y cultivo, como también el tratamiento quirúrgico y el seguimiento. El diagnóstico final fue de sinusitis odontogénica causada por estreptococo anginoso complicado por una meningitis aislada y el absceso de la glándula lagrimal. Se realizó un tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia para restaurar los senos paranasales y drenar la glándula lagrimal. Se determinó el tratamiento de acuerdo a los resultados de cultivo del seno maxilar. La evaluación clínica y las imágenes obtenidas 20 días después de la cirugía demostraron resultados exitosos. Es importante la evaluación de las complicaciones intracraneales de la rinosinusitis además de la necesidad de considerar una infección dental frente a una sinusitis maxilar. Por otra parte, es clave una evaluación exhaustiva de diagnóstico para planificar un tratamiento quirúrgico completo y efectivo, así como el tratamiento médico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Streptococcal Infections , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Streptococcus anginosus , Abscess/microbiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Maxillary Sinusitis/surgery , Dacryocystitis/microbiology , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Meningitis
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 334-338, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe and analyze the cases of Fournier's Gangrene caused by perianal abscess treated in a tertiary hospital in western Paraná, correlating possible factors that influence mortality, with emphasis on late diagnosis and therapy. Methods: A retrospective and descriptive case series was carried out based on the analysis of medical records of patients with Fournier's Gangrene due to perianal abscess from January 2012 to December 2017. Results: Thirty-one patients with Fournier's Gangrene due to perianal abscess were treated in the period: 26 men and 5 women. Mean age was 53.51 ± 14.5 years. The most prevalent comorbidity in this group was type 2 diabetes mellitus, showing a strong correlation with mortality. The mean time from disease progression, from the initial symptom to the admission at the service, was 9.6 ± 6.81 days. All patients were submitted to antibiotic therapy and surgical treatment, with a mean of 3.25 ± 2.89 procedures/patient. Seven (22.58%) patients died and all of them showed signs of sepsis on admission; only 2 patients with sepsis did not die. Conclusion: The presence of sepsis on admission and type 2 diabetes mellitus were strongly correlated with mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever e analisar os casos de gangrena de Fournier por abscesso perianal atendidos em hospital terciário do oeste do Paraná, correlacionando possíveis fatores que influenciem a mortalidade, com ênfase ao diagnóstico e terapêuticas tardias. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo de série de casos, retrospectivo e descritivo baseado na análise de prontuários de pacientes portadores de gangrena de Fournier devido a abscesso perianal no período de Janeiro de 2012 à Dezembro de 2017. Resultados: Foram tratados 31 pacientes com gangrena de Fournier por abscesso perianal no período, sendo 26 homens e 5 mulheres. A média de idade foi de 53,51 ± 14,5 anos. A comorbidade de maior prevalência neste grupo foi diabete melitus tipo 2, demonstrando forte correlação com mortalidade. A média do tempo de evolução da doença, do sintoma inicial até entrada no serviço, foi de 9,6 ± 6,81 dias. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à antibioticoterapia e tratamento cirúrgico com média de 3,25 ± 2,89 procedimentos/paciente. Sete (22,58%) pacientes evoluíram para óbito e todos estes apresentavam sinais de sepse na admissão; apenas 2 pacientes com sepse não evoluíram a óbito. Conclusão: Presença de sepse a admissão e diabete melitus tipo 2 foram fortemente correlacionadas com mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fournier Gangrene/complications , Abscess/complications , Abscess/mortality , Fasciitis, Necrotizing
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 680-684, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132355

ABSTRACT

Abstract This case report discusses the endodontic treatment of a 7-year-old girl who suffered trauma (intrusion) to the immature upper central incisors secondary to a fall from a bicycle. Thirty days after the accident the patient was brought by her mother for clinical and radiographic assessment with a chief complaint of swelling and tenderness to percussion and palpation. Acute apical abscess associated with immature teeth were diagnosed. A decision was made to perform regenerative endodontic treatment. Access cavities were made and the root canals were disinfected by irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. Final irrigation was performed with 17% EDTA. Due to pain and presence of secretions, 2% chlorhexidine gel was applied as an intracanal medicament. Seven days later, at the second visit, the root canals were once again disinfected and the canals of the right and left permanent upper central incisors were filled with double antibiotic paste (metronidazole/ciprofloxacin) and calcium hydroxide paste, respectively. Zinc oxide was mixed in both pastes. At the third visit, after 21 more days, the pastes were removed and the periapical areas were stimulated with a #80 K-file to encourage clot formation within the pulp cavities. A mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) paste cervical plug was placed and the teeth were restored with glass ionomer cement. Radiographs and CBCT scans demonstrated complete root formations. The patient has been followed for 12 years, with evidence of clinical success throughout.


Resumo Este relato de caso discute o tratamento endodôntico de uma menina de 7 anos que sofreu trauma nos incisivos centrais superiores imaturos, após queda de bicicleta. Trinta dias após o acidente, a paciente foi levada pela mãe para avaliação clínica e radiográfica com queixa principal de inchaço e sensibilidade à percussão e palpação. Foram diagnosticados abscessos apicais agudos em ambos os dentes. Foi decidido por realizar o tratamento endodôntico regenerativo. Após acessos coronários, os canais radiculares foram submetidos à protocolos de antissepsia com auxílio de irrigação com hipoclorito de sódio a 2,5% e EDTA 17%. Devido à dor e presença de secreções, foi utilizada medicação intracanal com clorexidina gel 2% por 7 dias. Na segunda sessão, os canais radiculares foram novamente submetidos aos procedimentos de antissepsia e os canais dos incisivos centrais superiores permanentes direito e esquerdo foram preenchidos com pasta antibiótica dupla (Metronidazol / Ciprofloxacina) e pasta de hidróxido de cálcio, respectivamente. Em ambas as pastas foi adicionado o óxido de zinco. Na terceira sessão, após mais 21 dias, as pastas foram removidas e as regiões periapicais foram estimuladas com lima K nº 80 para incentivar a formação de coágulos sanguíneos no interior das cavidades pulpares. Tampões cervicais de MTA foram adaptados e os dentes restaurados com cimento de ionômero de vidro resinoso. Radiografias e tomografias computadorizadas demonstraram formações radiculares completas. A paciente é acompanhada há 12 anos, com evidências clínicas e radiográficas de sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Regenerative Endodontics , Incisor , Oxides , Follow-Up Studies , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Abscess , Drug Combinations
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(5): 604-609, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144258

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los hongos dematiáceos son un grupo heterogéneo de microorganismos capaces de sintetizar melanina. Las infecciones de este grupo que producen hifas en tejidos se denominan feohifomicosis y generalmente afectan la piel y tejidos vecinos. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 86 años con un tumor quístico blando progresivo en su mano y muñeca derecha, no asociado a dolor o signos inflamatorios. Se demostró una tenosinovitis de los flexores con pseudocapsula y sinovitis adherida a los tendones. El cultivo demostró un hongo dematiáceo compatible con Pleurostomophora richardsiae que se confirmó por secuenciación de la región ITS. La biopsia mostró una inflamación crónica granulomatosa e hifas. Después del drenaje quirúrgico, el paciente fue dado de alta sin terapia antifúngica, pero falleció por causas no relacionadas, tres meses después. Esta es la primera descripción de P. richardsiae como causa de feohifomicosis en Chile. Esta patología se puede sospechar cuando una lesión quística cutánea crónica involucra extremidades sin signos inflamatorios. Puede afectar a pacientes inmunocompetentes o inmunocomprometidos. El tratamiento contempla la escisión quirúrgica con o sin terapia antifúngica.


Abstract Dematiaceous fungi are a heterogeneous group of microorganisms able to synthesize melanin. Infections by this group that provoke tissular hyphae are called phaeohyphomycosis and usually involve skin and neighbor tissues. We present the case of a 86 years old men with a progressive soft cystic tumor in his right hand and wrist not associated to pain or inflammatory signs. A surgical intervention demonstrated flexor tenosynovitis with serous secretion, pseudocapsule and synovitis. Fungal culture demonstrated a dematiaceous fungi compatible with Pleurostomophora richardsiae that was confirmed by sequencing of the ITS region. Biopsy showed chronic inflammation with granuloma and hyphae. After surgical drainage, the patient was discharged without antifungal therapy but died of unrelated causes three month later. This is the first description of P. richardsiae as a cause of phaeohyphomycosis in Chile, a country with a template climate. Phaeohyphomycosis can be suspected when a chronic skin cystic lesion involves extremities without inflammatory signs, sometimes with an associated fistula. It may affect immunocompetent or immunosuppressed patients. Treatment involves surgical excision with or without antifungal therapy and prognosis is favorable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Abscess , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/drug therapy , Ascomycota , Chile , Hand , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Med. U.P.B ; 39(2): 41-48, 21/10/2020. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123579

ABSTRACT

La mastitis granulomatosa es una enfermedad rara, de etiología desconocida y de diagnóstico de exclusión luego de descartar otras causas de mastitis, como las asociadas a infecciones bacterianas y a gérmenes atípicos como hongos y tuberculosis. La incidencia ha sido difícil de determinar, pero varia del 0.3% al 1.8%. Más frecuente en mujeres en edad reproductiva, la presentación clínica más común de este tipo de mastitis es una masa mamaria de consistencia dura, unilateral, asociada a dolor, eritema, calor e hinchazón, sin fiebre. Tiende a formar abscesos únicos o múltiples con fistulización, lo que hace que se confunda con carcinoma inflamatorio o localmente avanzado. Además, tiende a ser recurrente. El diagnóstico solo puede confirmarse por histopatología, en la que se evidencian granulomas no caseificantes concentrados en lobulillos mamarios, con infiltrado linfocitario crónico, necrosis y, con frecuencia, ectasia ductal. El tratamiento es controvertido, con opciones que van desde la observación, antibióticoterapia, terapia con corticosteroides, medicamentos inmunosupresores como el metotrexato, a la cirugía con escisión local amplia.


Granulomatous mastitis is a rare disease of unknown etiology, and the diagnosis is of exclusion after ruling out other causes of mastitis such as those associated with bacterial infectious diseases and by atypical germs such as fungi and tuberculosis. the incidence has been difficult to determine but varies from 0.3 to 1.8%. More common in women of reproductive age, the most common clinical presentation is a breast mass of hard, unilateral consistency, associated with pain, erythema, heat, swelling, and without fever. It tends to form single or multiple abscesses with fistulization, which makes it possible to be confused with an inflammatory or locally advanced carcinoma. Also with tendency to recurrence. The diagnosis can only be confirmed by histopathology, it is characterized by non-caseifying granulomas concentrated in breast lobules with chronic lymphocyte infiltrate, necrosis and often ductal ectasia. The treatment is controversial, with options ranging from observation, antibiotic therapy, corticosteroid therapy, immunosuppressive medications such as methotrexate, to surgery such as wide local excision.


A mastite granulomatosa é uma doença rara, de etiologia desconhecida e de diagnóstico de exclusão logo de descartar outras causas de mastite, como as associadas a infecções bacterianas e a germens atípicos como fungos e tuberculose. A incidência há sido difícil de determinar, mas varia de 0.3% a 1.8%. Mais frequente em mulheres em idade reprodutiva, a apresentação clínica mais comum deste tipo de mastite é uma massa mamária de consistência dura, unilateral, associada a dor, eritema, calor e inchaço, sem febre. Tende a formar abscessos únicos ou múltiplos com fistulização, o que faz confundir com carcinoma inflamatório ou localmente avançado. Além disso, tende a ser recorrente. O diagnóstico só se pode confirmar por histopatologia, na qual se evidenciam granulomas não caseificantes concentrados em lóbulos mamários, com infiltrado linfocitário crônico, necrose e, com frequência, extasia ductal. O tratamento é controvertido, com opções que vão desde a observação, antibióticoterapia, terapia com corticosteroides, medicamentos imunossupressores como o metotrexato, à cirurgia com incisão local ampla.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Granulomatous Mastitis , Women , Breast , Diagnosis , Abscess , Fever , Mastitis , Anti-Bacterial Agents
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1082-1086, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136343

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Perianal abscesses are frequently seen in clinical practice, and perianal fistulas develop in 30%-50% of cases after treatment. This study investigated whether the type of dressing applied after abscess drainage is correlated with fistula development. Prevention of fistula formation would reduce both the loss of work and healthcare costs. METHODS The records of patients who underwent drainage of perianal abscesses between January 2015 and January 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with postoperative dressings changed with washing of the area in the hospital were included as Group 1. Patients with dressings changed at home and the area bathed in 10% povidone-iodine sitz bath were included as Group 2. The frequency and time of fistula formation, age, sex, cost, and workdays lost in the two groups were compared. RESULTS Between-group differences in age, sex, body mass index, and type of fistula that developed after months and 1 year of the abscess drainage were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). During follow-up, fistula development was significantly lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 (p < 0.001). The risk of perianal fistula development was significantly increased in those with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS After perianal abscess drainage, in-hospital washing and dressing of the abscess area until abscess closure reduced the risk of perianal fistula, lost work time, and cost. The risk of perianal fistula development appeared to increase with BMI. A large, prospective study is needed for confirmation.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Abscessos perianais são vistos com freqüência na clínica e uma fístula perianal se desenvolve em 30% a 50% dos casos após o tratamento. Este estudo investigou se o tipo de curativo aplicado após a drenagem do abscesso está correlacionado com o desenvolvimento da fístula. A prevenção da formação de fístulas reduziria a perda de trabalho e os custos com saúde. MÉTODOS Os prontuários de pacientes com drenagem de abscessos perianais entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2018 foram revisados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes com curativos pós-operatórios trocados com a lavagem da área no hospital foram incluídos no grupo 1. Os pacientes com curativos trocados em casa e a área banhada em 10% de banho de povidona com iodo povidona-Sitz foram incluídos no grupo 2. A frequência e o tempo de fístula formação, idade, sexo, custo e dias de trabalho perdidos nos dois grupos foram comparados. RESULTADOS As diferenças entre os grupos em idade, sexo, índice de massa corporal e o tipo de fístula que se desenvolveu após 3 meses e 1 ano após a drenagem do abscesso não foram estatisticamente significantes (p> 0,05). Durante o acompanhamento, o desenvolvimento da fístula foi significativamente menor no grupo 1 do que no grupo 2 (p <0,001). O risco de desenvolvimento de fístula perianal aumentou significativamente naqueles com índice de massa corporal (IMC)> 30 (p = 0,004). CONCLUSÕES Após a drenagem do abscesso perianal, a lavagem hospitalar e o curativo da área do abscesso até o fechamento do abscesso reduziram o risco de fístula perianal, perda de tempo de trabalho e custo. O risco de desenvolvimento de fístula perianal pareceu aumentar com o IMC. Um grande estudo prospectivo é necessário para confirmação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Drainage , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Fissure in Ano
18.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(4): 386-397, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139199

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El absceso frío tuberculoso es la forma clínica más frecuente de tuberculosis cutánea. Objetivo: Familiarizar a los médicos generales con las características clínicas del absceso tuberculoso frío para asegurar su diagnóstico y tratamiento específico en la consulta de Cirugía del Hospital General N'gola Kimbanda en Namibe, Angola en 2018. Método: Se revisó la literatura sobre el tema en bases de datos científicas como Medline, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Clinical Key, LILACS con los descriptores: tuberculosis extrapulmonar y absceso frío tuberculoso. Resultados: Los pacientes, tres varones y dos hembras, tres adultos y dos infantes, todos desnutridos, con antecedentes de tuberculosis pulmonar y mal de Pott que fueron enviados a consulta con el diagnóstico de lipoma. En todos los casos se diagnosticó absceso frío tuberculoso, 3 de localización lumbar, 1 toracolumbar y 1 lumbosacra confirmados por microbiología y tratados según los protocolos de las especialidades de Cirugía y Neumología. Conclusiones: Es necesario que los estudiantes de Medicina, médicos generales y especialistas que en su desempeño enfrentan a dichos pacientes dentro y fuera de Cuba se empoderen de las características semiológicas del, también llamado, goma tuberculoso, a fin de identificarlo en los pacientes de riesgo y garantizar su tratamiento médico-quirúrgico específico para evitar la discapacidad y mortalidad asociada a esta temida infección que sigue constituyendo un azote social.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Tuberculous cold abscess is the most common clinical form of skin tuberculosis. Objective: To familiarize general physicians with the clinical characteristics of tuberculous cold abscesses to ensure their diagnosis and specific treatment at the Surgery Department of the N'gola Kimbanda General Hospital in Namibe, Angola in 2018. Method: Literature on the subject was reviewed in scientific databases such as Medline, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Clinical Key and LILACS with the following descriptors: extrapulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous cold abscess. Results: The patients, three males and two females, three adults and two infants, all of them malnourished, with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis and Pott's Disease, who were sent for consultation with a diagnosis of lipoma. In all cases, tuberculous cold abscesses were diagnosed, 3 of them in lumbar location, 1 in thoracolumbar and 1 in lumbosacral locations, confirmed by microbiology and treated according to the protocols of the specialties of Surgery and Pneumology. Conclusions: It is necessary that students of Medicine, general physicians and specialists who face these patients inside and outside of Cuba to gain in knowledge with the semiological characteristics of the tuberculous cold abscess, also known as tuberculous gum, in order to identify it in the patients in risk groups, and to guarantee their specific medical-surgical treatment to avoid the disability and mortality associated to this infection that still constitutes a major issue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis, Cutaneous/surgery , Abscess/surgery , Angola
20.
Infectio ; 24(2): 129-132, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114853

ABSTRACT

Resumen La endoftalmitis endógena es responsable del 2-15 % de las endoftalmitis, se relaciona con una infección sistémica hasta en un 52-90% de los casos, en el contexto de infecciones sistémicas como abscesos hepáticos, neumonia, infecciones de vias urinarias, meningitis, usurios de drogas endovenosas y fungémias. Haemophilus influenzae es un agente etiológico inusual de esta patología, hay pocos casos reportados a nivel mundial y no se han reportado casos en nuestro país; las endoftalmitis por Haemophilus se caractererizan por tener un pronóstico visual sombrio, ya que pueden presentar complicaciones severas y comprometer permanentemente la visión. A continuación, se describe un caso de endoftalmitis endogéna como primera manifestación de meningitis asociada a H. Influenzae en una paciente inmunocompetente y sin factores de riesgo.


Abstract Endogenous endophthalmitis is responsible for 2-15% of endophthalmitis, it is associated with a systemic infection in up to 52-90% of cases, in the context of systemic infections such as liver abscesses, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, intravenousdrug users and fungaemia. Haemophilus influenzae is an unusual etiologic agent of this pathology, there are few cases reported worldwide and no cases have been reported in our country. The endophthalmitis due to Haemophilus are characterized by having a somber visual prognosis, since they can present severe complications and can permanently affect vision. Mentioned hereinafter, a case of endogenous endophthalmitis is described as the first manifestation of meningitis associated with H.Influenzae in an immunocompetent patient with no risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Endophthalmitis , Pneumonia , Haemophilus influenzae , Abscess , Eye , Infections , Meningitis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL