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1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 586-589, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134543

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Our objective was report an extremely rare case of isolated meningitis and suppurative dacrioadenitis as consequences of odontogenic sinusitis. We describe the diagnostic tools including imaging and culture, as well as surgical treatment and follow-up. Our final diagnosis was odontogenic sinusitis caused by Streptococcus Anginosus complicated by isolated meningitis and lacrimal gland abscess. Urgent surgical treatment to restore the paranasal sinuses and drainage of the lacrimal gland was performed. Culture from purulent material collected from maxillary sinus indicated the targeted therapy. Clinical assessment and imaging obtained 20 days after surgery demonstrated successful results. This case emphasizes the importance of evaluating intracranial complications of rinosinusitis, the need to search for a dental infection when a maxillary sinusitis is encountered, the key role of a thorough diagnostic workup in order to plan a comprehensive and effective surgical treatment, as well as targeted medical therapy.


RESUMEN: En este estudio se informa un caso extremadamente raro de meningitis aislada y dacrioadenitis supurativa, como consecuencia de sinusitis odontogénica. Describimos las herramientas de diagnóstico que incluyen imágenes y cultivo, como también el tratamiento quirúrgico y el seguimiento. El diagnóstico final fue de sinusitis odontogénica causada por estreptococo anginoso complicado por una meningitis aislada y el absceso de la glándula lagrimal. Se realizó un tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia para restaurar los senos paranasales y drenar la glándula lagrimal. Se determinó el tratamiento de acuerdo a los resultados de cultivo del seno maxilar. La evaluación clínica y las imágenes obtenidas 20 días después de la cirugía demostraron resultados exitosos. Es importante la evaluación de las complicaciones intracraneales de la rinosinusitis además de la necesidad de considerar una infección dental frente a una sinusitis maxilar. Por otra parte, es clave una evaluación exhaustiva de diagnóstico para planificar un tratamiento quirúrgico completo y efectivo, así como el tratamiento médico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Streptococcal Infections , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Streptococcus anginosus , Abscess/microbiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Maxillary Sinusitis/surgery , Dacryocystitis/microbiology , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Meningitis
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(2): 129-134, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134971

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In order to determine the microbiology of anal abscess as a predictor of anal fistulas in patients who attended the external consultation of the Coloproctology unit of the Dr. Antonio María Pineda University Central Hospital, a prospective, descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted from September 2018 to July 2019. In this study, the population consisted of patients with a diagnosis of anal abscess, without associated comorbidities or contraindications for surgery, who agreed to be included in the study. A non-probabilistic, intentional sample consisting of 42 patients was determined. An appointment-based study protocol was applied by outpatient for patients who met the inclusion criteria applied, to perform due medical history through anamnesis, physical examination and culture taking of suppuration from the anal abscess to subsequently establish medical and surgical behavior thereof. The results were expressed in absolute numbers and percentages, a prevalence of ischiorectal abscesses was observed, followed by deep post-anal space abscesses. Anaerobic bacteria were isolated in 100% of the sample. In all fistulized patients, E. Coli was isolated as a predominant germ.


RESUMO Um estudo prospectivo, descritivo e longitudinal foi realizado de setembro de 2018 a Julho 2019 para determinar a microbiologia do abscesso anal como preditivo de fístulas anais em pacientes que compareceram à consulta externa da unidade de Coloproctologia do Hospital Central da Universidade Dr. Antonio María Pineda. Neste estudo, a população foi composta por pacientes com diagnóstico de abscesso anal, sem comorbidades ou contraindicações associadas à cirurgia, que concordaram em participar do estudo. Uma amostra intencional não probabilística, composta por 42 pacientes foi determinada. Um protocolo de estudo com base na consulta em regime ambulatorial foi aplicado aos pacientes que atenderam os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos, para realizar a anamnese, o exame físico e a devida cultura da supuração do abscesso anal para posteriormente estabelecer o comportamento médico e cirúrgico. Os resultados foram expressos em números absolutos e porcentagens, observando-se a prevalência de abscessos isquiorretais, seguidos por abscessos profundos no espaço pós-anal. Bactérias anaeróbias foram isoladas em 100% das amostras. Em todos os pacientes com fístulas, E. Coli foi isolada como um germe predominante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacteria, Anaerobic , Rectal Fistula , Abscess/microbiology , Anal Canal , Suppuration , Abscess/surgery , Abscess/diagnosis , Escherichia coli
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(1): 75-84, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004386

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los abscesos profundos de cuello son colecciones de pus alojadas en los espacios profundos cervicales. En la población pediátrica son poco frecuentes, sin embargo, pueden presentar complicaciones potencialmente mortales. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes que consultan por abscesos profundos del cuello en el Servicio de Urgencia Pediátrico del Hospital Dr. Sótero del Rio. Material y método: Estudio de tipo descriptivo retrospectivo con datos obtenidos de fichas clínicas de pacientes. Se realizó una revisión de fichas clínicas de los pacientes diagnosticados con abscesos profundos de cuello en el Servicio de Urgencia Pediátrica del Hospital Sótero del Río entre los años 2011 y 2018. Se analizaron variables clínicas (anamnesis, examen físico, exámenes de laboratorio generales y específicos y su manejo) y demográficas. Los resultados se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva con medidas de tendencia central y rango, utilizando Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS). Resultados: Se incluyeron 41 pacientes entre 0 y 15 años, con un promedio de edad de 7,2 años. Sesenta y tres por ciento de los pacientes fueron de sexo masculino. Se presentaron 23 (56%) pacientes con abscesos periamigdalinos (PA), 12 (29,2%) con abscesos retrofaríngeos (RF), 5 (12,1%) con abscesos parafaríngeos (PF) y 1 (2,4%) con absceso de tipo mixto (RF- PF). El 60% de los pacientes recibió algún tratamiento médico previo. Se realizó estudio imagenológico en 83% de los pacientes. Todos los pacientes presentaron parámetros inflamatorios elevados. En el 80% de los pacientes se realizó tratamiento médico y algún tipo de drenaje. Conclusiones: Los abscesos profundos del cuello son una entidad relativamente poco frecuente en pediatría, pero potencialmente peligrosa si no se detecta a tiempo, por lo que debemos tener un alto índice de sospecha para evitar las complicaciones.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Deep neck abscesses are pus collections lodged in the deep cervical spaces. They are rare in the pediatric population, however, they can present life-threatening complications. Objective: To characterize the patients who consult for deep neck abscesses in the pediatric emergency department of Dr. Sótero del Rio Hospital. Material and method: Descriptive retrospective study. A review of clinical records of patients diagnosed with deep neck abscesses in the pediatric emergency department of Dr. Sótero del Rio Hospital between 2011 and 2018 was made. The clinical (anamnesis, physical exam, general and specific laboratory exams and management) and demographic characteristics were evaluated. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics with measures of central tendency and range, using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS). Results: Forty-one patients between 0 and 15 years of age were included, with an average age of 7.2 years. 63% of the patients were male. There were 23 (56%) patients with peritonsillar abscesses (PA), 12 (29.2%) with retropharyngeal abscesses (RF), 5 (12.1%) with parapharyngeal abscesses (PF) and 1 (2.4%) with abscess of mixed type (RF-PF). 60% of the patients received some previous medical treatment. An imaging study was performed in 83% of the patients. All the patients presented high inflammatory parameters. In 80% of patients, medical treatment and some type of drainage were performed. Conclusions: Deep abscesses of the neck are a relatively rare entity in pediatrics, but potentially dangerous if not detected in time, so we must have a high index of suspicion to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Abscess/surgery , Abscess/drug therapy , Neck , Pharyngeal Diseases/surgery , Pharyngeal Diseases/drug therapy , Chile , Drainage , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retropharyngeal Abscess/surgery , Retropharyngeal Abscess/drug therapy , Abscess/diagnosis , Abscess/microbiology
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190081, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013301

ABSTRACT

Abstract Eggerthella lenta is a gram-positive anaerobic bacillus that has been associated with life-threatening infections. Bacteremia is always clinically significant and is mostly but not always associated with gastrointestinal disease. We present a unique case of abrupt deterioration and rapid development of septic shock secondary to periurethral abscess caused by E. lenta infection. This case highlights the atypical clinical presentation, risk factors, uncommon source of infection, challenges in therapy, and outcome of this infrequent infection. There is still a gap in the understanding of E. lenta pathogenicity, and more literature is needed to establish clear management recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Bacteremia/microbiology , Actinobacteria/isolation & purification , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Urethral Diseases/drug therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Risk Factors , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Actinobacteria/classification , Pelvic Infection/diagnosis , Pelvic Infection/microbiology , Abscess/microbiology , Abscess/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 397-399, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892987

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Tuberculous prostatitis is a rare and often overlooked entity that may mimic prostatic adenocarcinoma on imaging exams, especially multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate. Detection of a prostatic abscess is a clue to the correct diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Prostatitis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Male Genital/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Abscess/diagnosis , Prostatitis/complications , Tuberculosis, Male Genital/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Incidental Findings , Diagnosis, Differential , Abscess/microbiology
6.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(1): 35-39, mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910217

ABSTRACT

Los síndromes dolorosos del hombro son relativamente comunes en la práctica clínica. Habitualmente son causados por un número limitado de patologías. Dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales, el pinzamiento subacromial, las lesiones aisladas del manguito rotador, capsulitis adhesiva, tendinitis cálcica, patología degenerativa de las articulaciones glenohumeral y acromioclavicular, y la inestabilidad crónica del hombro, son causas comunes. Causas infrecuentes son la rotura del tendón del bíceps, neuralgias, patología infecciosa articular y tumores del hombro. Un absceso subpectoral sin sintomatología infecciosa clara es una causa extremadamente rara de hombro doloroso en el adulto. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 60 años, que inicia con un cuadro de hombro doloroso cuya causa se identifica como un absceso subpectoral por staphylococcus aureus que se maneja con drenaje quirúrgico y tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con buenos resultados.


Painful shoulder syndromes are commonly caused by a limited assortment of pathologies. Differential diagnosis include rotator cuff impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tears, adhesive capsulitis, calcific tendonitis, degenerative disease of the joint including acromio-clavicular and gleno-humeral joints and chronic instability. Less common causes are labral tears, biceps tendon rupture, soft tissue infection, neurologic disease, joint infection and shoulder tumors. A subpectoral abscess without infectious clinical features is a very rare cause of shoulder pain in adults. We present the case of a 52 years old male who develops a painful shoulder syndrome caused by a staphylococcus aureus subpectoral abscess, treated by surgical drainage and intravenous antibiotic therapy with good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abscess/diagnosis , Shoulder Pain/etiology , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Abscess/complications , Abscess/microbiology , Abscess/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Drainage/methods , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Staphylococcal Infections/therapy , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification
7.
Rev. med. interna Guatem ; 20(3): 29-31, sept.-dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-994743

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones por Nocardia no son comunes para humanos inmunocompetentes la mayoría de casos es reportada en pacientes inmunosupresos, usualmente la mayoría de estos casos se reportan a nivel pulmonar y tejidos blandos. Los abscesos por Nocardia son usualmente poco comunes reportando aproximadamente el 1 a 2% del total de abscesos cerebrales. A continuación, se describe el caso de una paciente con antecedente de Anemia Hemolítica a quien se diagnosticó absceso cerebral por Nocardia...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Abscess/microbiology , Anemia, Hemolytic/pathology , Nocardia/chemistry , Nocardia Infections/microbiology , Brain Abscess/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Guatemala
9.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 32(6): 706-709, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-773278

ABSTRACT

Intravesical therapy with live-attenuated Mycobacterium bovis strain have demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of recurrent and high-grade superficial bladder tumors. The use of this therapy is widely extended; however spreading of bacillus from the injection site could be one rare complication that may cause infection in different locations. An appropriate anamnesis is very important to establish an etiological diagnostic of possible infections caused by M. bovis BCG. Laboratory diagnosis at species level is difficult because of the high genetic similarity (99.9%) with the other member of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. We present a case report who developed tuberculous spondylodiscitis by M. bovis BCG, which had a history of intravesical instillation for treatment of bladder cancer.


Las instilaciones intravesicales con la cepa viva atenuada de Mycobacterium bovis han demostrado su eficacia en el tratamiento de cáncer urotelial de vejiga. Su uso está ampliamente difundido; sin embargo, una reacción adversa infrecuente es la extravasación del bacilo del lugar de acción pudiendo causar infecciones en otras localizaciones. Una correcta anamnesis del paciente ayuda a orientar la etiología de posibles infecciones relacionadas con éste microorganismo. El diagnóstico de laboratorio a nivel de especie es dificultoso ya que comparte un 99,9% de identidad genética con los otros miembros del complejo Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Se presenta el caso de un paciente que desarrolló una espondilodiscitis tuberculosa por M. bovis BCG, el cual tenía antecedentes de instilaciones intravesicales para el tratamiento del cáncer de vejiga.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Abscess/microbiology , Discitis/microbiology , Mycobacterium bovis , Spinal Cord Diseases/microbiology , Abscess/diagnosis , Discitis/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnosis
10.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(4): 457-461, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719303

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcal pyomyositis is a severe invasive soft tissue infection with high mortality rate that is increasingly being recognized even in temperate climates. In most cases predisposing factors are identified that include either source of skin penetration or/and impaired host immunocompetence. A case of primary, community-acquired pyomyositis of the left iliopsoas muscle in a 59-year-old immunecompetent woman, which was complicated with septic pulmonary emboli within 24 h after hospital admission, is presented. The patient was subjected to abscess drainage under computed tomography guidance. Both pus aspiration and blood cultures revealed methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Given the absolute absence of predisposing factors and a remote history of staphylococcal osteomyelitis in the same anatomical region 53 years ago, reactivation of a staphylococcal soft tissue infection was postulated. Systematic review of the literature revealed a few interesting cases of reactivated staphylococcal infection after decades of latency, although the exact pathophysiological mechanisms still need to be elucidated.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/microbiology , Pyomyositis/microbiology , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Abscess/microbiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Pyomyositis/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(3): 478-480, May-Jun/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711600

ABSTRACT

A case of abscess resulting from Mycobacterium kansasii, in the left thigh of a 53-year-old woman infected with the Human Immunodeficiency virus, is reported. Curiously, there was no pulmonary or systemic involvement as is usual with these Mycobacterium infections. The patient had CD4 T lymphocyte count of 257 cells/µL and a viral load of 60,154 copies. Despite presenting a relatively preserved immunity, the patient also presented Criptococcic meningoencephalitis and Esophageal candidiasis. The patient responded satisfactorily to treatment for infections and after 51 days was discharged.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/complications , Abscess/microbiology , Mycobacterium kansasii , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/complications , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/drug therapy , Abscess/diagnosis , Abscess/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/drug therapy , Thigh , Treatment Outcome
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(3): 210-215, jun. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734368

ABSTRACT

La mastitis y los abscesos de mama representan un factor de riesgo para el abandono de la lactancia. Se incluyen dentro de las infecciones de piel y partes blandas y comparten los cambios epidemiológicos que llevan a replantear el tratamiento empírico inicial. Se estudiaron 137 casos de abscesos de mama desde enero de 2007 a diciembre de 2011. Se analizó incidencia, días postparto, factores de riesgo, datos microbiológicos y tratamiento antibiótico. Desde 2007a 2011 se observó un constante aumento de la incidencia de casos: 0.19 vs. 0.84% (p < 0.001). Días postparto de aparición del absceso 41.9 ± 35.8 días (Media ± DE), primiparidad 70.6%. Los factores de riesgo más frecuentemente encontrados fueron grietas del pezón e ingurgitación mamaria (95%). Staphylococcus aureus (SA) fue el responsable de 82.3 a 95.0% de los abscesos según los años; la resistencia a oxacilina de las cepas de SA superó el 60%. Las cepas aisladas de SA meticilino resistentes (SAMR) fueron sensibles a eritromicina clindamicina, gentamicina, rifampicina, ciprofloxacina y trimetroprima-sulfametoxasol en diferentes porcentajes según los años. Requirieron drenaje el 100% de los casos; en 60% el tratamiento empírico inicial fue inadecuado. Continuaron amamantando 90% de las madres. Estos datos enfatizan la necesidad de prevenir los factores de riesgo: grietas del pezón e ingurgitación mamaria. La modificación del tratamiento antibiótico inicial requiere el estudio bacteriológico de las infecciones de piel y partes blandas dado que la prevalencia de SAMR no es uniforme y varía en diferentes poblaciones y ubicaciones geográficas.


Mastitis and breast abscess in lactating women are risk factors for early breastfeeding cessation. This pathology is included in the group of skin and soft tissue infections. A descriptive study was performed with an advanced outlook. As of January 2007 through December 2011 a total of 137 breast abscesses were treated in our institution. We analyzed incidence, parity, postpartum days, risk factors, microbiological isolation and the adequacy of initial antibiotic treatment. In that period we observed a steady and significant increase in breast abscesses. Incidence from 0.19 to 0.84% in lactating women 2007 vs. 2011 p = 0.0001 IC 95% (-0.009; 0.003), 70.6% of them primiparous and a mean interval from delivery to breast abscess of 41.9 ± 35.8 days. The most frequent risk factors were sore nipples and breast engorgement. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 82.3 to 95.0%. Methicillin resistance was higher than 60%. These strains were susceptible to erythromycin, clindamycin, gentamicin, rifampicin, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazol. All the cases were surgically drained; the initial empirical treatment was inadequate in 60% of them, 90% of patients could maintain breast feeding after the procedure. In conclusion: these data emphasize the need to prevent risk factors associated to breast abscesses: sore nipples and breast engorgement. In order to determine the adequate antibiotic treatment, bacteriological studies are required at every collection because SAMR prevalence varies according to diverse populations and geographic location.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Abscess/microbiology , Breast/microbiology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Abscess/prevention & control , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina/epidemiology , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, Public , Hyperemia/microbiology , Incidence , Lactation , Mastitis/complications , Mastodynia/microbiology , Methicillin Resistance/drug effects , Postpartum Period , Puerperal Infection , Risk Factors , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy
13.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(1): 106-109, Jan-Feb/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703046

ABSTRACT

Human actinomycosis with involvement of the spine is a rare condition although it has been first described a long time ago. It is probably underrecognized since its clinical presentation is often misleading and accurate bacteriological diagnosis is challenging. We herein report a rare case of cervical actinomycosis with paravertebral abscess and spondylitis imputed to an infection by Actinomyces meyeri in a 52-year-old immunocompetent Caucasian man. A. meyeri should be considered as a potential cause for subacute or chronic spondylitis, even in immunocompetent subjects. Modern diagnostic tools such as Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption–Ionization Time of Flight mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA sequencing are efficient for accurate microbiological identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abscess/microbiology , Actinomyces/isolation & purification , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Cervical Vertebrae/microbiology , Spinal Diseases/microbiology , Spondylitis/microbiology , Abscess/diagnosis , Actinomyces/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Immunocompetence , Polymerase Chain Reaction , /genetics , Spinal Diseases/diagnosis , Spondylitis/diagnosis
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6): 1036-1038, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-698992

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous abscess is a localized collection of pus in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue usually caused by trauma. The authors report the case of a 30-year-old male patient, gardener, that presents an ulcerated plaque in the third right finger, caused by an aculeus plant wound. The examination of the lesion's exudate ruled out the existence of fungi and showed the presence of Staphylococcus aureus. The authors emphasize the sporotrichosis as an important differential diagnosis, especially in endemic areas, and the indication of the exudate culture is discussed.


Abscesso cutâneo é uma coleção de pus localizada na derme e tecido celular subcutâneo decorrente, em geral, de traumatismos. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente de 30 anos, jardineiro, apresentando uma placa ulcerada, no terceiro quirodáctilo direito, provocada por ferimento com acúleo de planta. O exame do exsudato da lesão descartou a presença de fungos e revelou a presença de Staphylococcus aureus. Os autores enfatizam a importância de se lembrar da esporotricose no diagnóstico diferencial, principalmente em regiões endêmicas e discutem a indicação da cultura do exsudato no caso apresentado.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Abscess/diagnosis , Rosaceae , Skin/injuries , Staphylococcal Skin Infections/diagnosis , Abscess/microbiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Exudates and Transudates , Finger Injuries/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification
15.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 17(4): 507-509, July-Aug. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-683143

ABSTRACT

Lemierre syndrome is characterized by acute septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) that develops after an oropharyngeal infection, and can be complicated by septic emboli to lungs and other organs. The most frequent causative agent is Fusobacterium necrophorum, an anaerobic bacillus found in normal oropharyngeal flora. Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a cause of Lemierre syndrome in the last decade. We report a case of a 24-year-old man who developed septic IJV thrombosis and necrotizing pneumonia due to S. aureus from an infected hematoma in the right sternocleidomastoid muscle. Antibiotics are the mainstay of therapy with few cases needing anticoagulation. A good outcome is dependent upon an awareness of the condition, a high index of suspicion, and prompt initiation of antibiotic therapy. Recognition of S. aureus as a cause of Lemierre syndrome can guide the choice of initial antibiotics to cover this virulent pathogen.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Abscess/complications , Lemierre Syndrome/microbiology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Abscess/microbiology , Lemierre Syndrome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 17(2): 260-262, Mar.-Apr. 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-673206

ABSTRACT

Acute scrotal abscess is a rare condition in neonates. Most of these abscesses were reported to be unilateral and caused by Staphylococcus and Salmonella spp. Herein, we report a bilateral scrotal abscess in a preterm infant and Candida albicans was isolated from the scrotal fluid culture. To our knowledge, this is the first bilateral scrotal abscess in a preterm infant caused by C. albicans. Therefore, this organism must be suspected in differential diagnosis of acute scrotal abscess in neonates, especially in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Abscess/microbiology , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Candidiasis/microbiology , Scrotum/microbiology , Infant, Premature
17.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 45(1): 61-mar. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1171765
19.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 56(6): 388-392, ago. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-649281

ABSTRACT

A tireoidite supurativa aguda é uma desordem rara, mais frequentemente causada pelo Staphylococcus aureus ou Streptococcus pneumoniae, e atinge particularmente crianças com fístula do seio piriforme. Em adultos, a disseminação por via hematogênica a partir de foco infeccioso em orofaringe ou trato respiratório parece ser o principal mecanismo patogênico. Os sinais e sintomas iniciais da tireoidite aguda são semelhantes aos da faringite aguda e da tireoidite subaguda. Esse fato frequentemente retarda o diagnóstico dessa doença e aumenta o risco de complicações. Relatamos o caso de um paciente masculino de 28 anos, previamente saudável, que, após quadro de amigdalite, apresentou tireoidite aguda complicada por tireotoxicose, volumoso abscesso no lobo direito da tireoide, que se estendia à abertura superior do tórax com desvio da traqueia e compressão de grandes vasos, associado à trombose de veia jugular interna e sepse.


Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a rare disorder, most often caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae, which affects particularly children with pyriform sinus fistula. In adults, the main pathogenic mechanism seems to be hematogenous dissemination from a focus of infection in the oropharynx or respiratory tract. The initial signs and symptoms of acute thyroiditis are similar to those of acute pharyngitis and subacute thyroiditis. This fact often delays diagnosis and increases the risk of complications. We report the case of a previously healthy, 28-year-old man who, after being affected by tonsillitis, developed suppurative thyroiditis complicated by thyrotoxicosis; a large abscess in the right lobe of the thyroid extending to the thorax introitus, which caused a trachea deviation and compressed large vessels; associated with internal jugular vein thrombosis, and sepsis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Abscess/microbiology , Streptococcal Infections , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/microbiology , Thyrotoxicosis/microbiology , Acute Disease , Jugular Veins , Sepsis/microbiology , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/microbiology
20.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2012 Jul-Sept; 30(3): 317-322
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143977

ABSTRACT

Background: Knowledge of the culture and sensitivity pattern is necessary, for the institution of appropriate empirical antibiotic therapy in orbital abscess. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe culture and sensitivity patterns of specimens from the orbit and surrounding structures. Materials and Methods: Retrospectively the medical records of 56 cases of orbital abscess were reviewed. Results: Cultures were positive in 38/56 (68.8%) orbital specimens and the organisms included Staphylococcus aureus 18, Streptococci 7, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3, 2 each of Enterobactersp, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Acinetobacter sp. and 1 each of Actinomyces israelii, Diptheroids, Coagulase negative Staphylococcus, Citrobacter freundii, Methicillin-resistant S. aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. Four had polymicrobial infection. Culture of purulent nasal discharge, swabs taken from foci of infection on the face, and blood cultures were done in 26/56, and positive cultures were obtained in 16/26 (61.5%) specimens. In 12 patients, there was a concurrence in the organism cultured from the orbit and from cultures from other sites. Gram-negative organisms were associated with increased ocular morbidity. Conclusion: Gram-positive cocci, especially S. aureus are the most common organisms isolated from orbital abscesses. Infections by Gram-negative organisms were associated with more complications. Empirical intravenous antibiotic therapy should have a broad spectrum of activity effective against a wide range of Staphylococcal organisms and Gram-negative bacilli.


Subject(s)
Abscess/microbiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Gram-Negative Bacteria/classification , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/classification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Humans , Infant , Infusions, Intravenous , Male , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Middle Aged , Orbital Diseases/microbiology , Young Adult
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