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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635


Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)

Absorbable Implants , Animals , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Stents
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 62(1): 31-38, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148166


Se analizan aspectos fármaco-tecnológicos y clínicos de biocerámicos bioabsorbibles compuestos por biovidrios con capacidad osteogénica y microbicida, para ser utilizados como relleno bioactivo en el conducto radicular y como tratamiento terapéutico en el sitio de a lesión apicoperirradicular de origen endodóntico. Mediante un diagrama ternario se consideraron las diversas variables cuyos valores determinan las diferentes fases de los vidrios bioactivos, hasta alcanzar la formación de hidroxiapatita, cuando se someten a un medio biológico. Se analizaron composición y mecanismo de acción en la reparación posendodóntica, que parte de la integración del biomaterial al tejido duro sano, sin formación de fibrosis o proceso inflamatorio inmune (AU)

Pharmacotechnological and clinical aspects of bioabsorbable bioceramics composed of bioglasses with osteogenic and microbicidal capacity are analyzed, to be used as a bioactive filler in the root canal and as a therapeutic treatment at the site of an apicoperiradicular lesion of endodontic origin. By means of a ternary diagram, the various variables whose values determine the different phases of the bioactive glasses were considered, until reaching the formation of hydroxyapatite, when subjected to a biological medium. Composition and mechanism of action were analyzed in post-endodontic repair, which starts from the integration of the biomaterial into healthy hard tissue, without the formation of fibrosis or an immune inflammatory process (AU)

Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , Durapatite , Absorbable Implants , Glass , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcarea Silicata , Bone Substitutes , Physical and Chemical Properties
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 4-11, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130999


Abstract Background: Different mechanical properties have been suggested for metallic bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) in comparison to polymeric BVS. We aim to evaluate the acute mechanical performance of Magmaris® scaffold in comparison to Absorb®. Materials and Methods: Two groups of 10 coronary lesions treated with Magmaris® and Absorb® 1.1 (20584 vs. 21016 struts) were compared. In all cases, optical coherence tomographic (OCT) images were acquired after scaffold deployment. Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were compared, including OCT evaluations. Results: No baseline clinical or angiographic significant differences were found between groups. The most common indication for revascularization was effort angina (60% vs. 70% p = 0.45) with no ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) cases. Main target artery was left anterior descending, with a mean vessel diameter of 3.46 ± 0.23 in Absorb® and 3.52 ± 0.19mm in Magmaris® groups (p = 0.56). All cases underwent pre- and post-dilatation with a procedural success rate of 100%. OCT analyses showed larger scaffold and vessel diameters in Magmaris® group: 3.11 ± 0.38 mm versus 3.07 ± 0.36 mm, p = 0.03 and 4.12 ± 0.51 mm versus 4.04 ± 0.46 mm, p = 0.04. Despite the application of slightly higher postdilatation pressures to Magmaris® devices (18.01 ± 2.15 vs. 17.20 ± 3.80 atm, p = 0.05), significantly lower percentages of disrupted and malapposed struts were identified within Magmaris® scaffolds (0.15% vs. 0.27%, p = 0.03 and 1.06% vs. 1.46% p = 0.01). No cardiac death, target vessel-related MI, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization was reported in a 30-day follow-up. Conclusion: Mechanical properties of Magmaris® scaffold allow achieving larger vessel and scaffold diameters in a safe manner, with lower rates of malapposition and scaffold disruption.

Resumen Introducción: Se ha sugerido la presencia de un distinto comportamiento mecánico entre los dos grupos principales de dispositivos bioresorbibles: metálicos y poliméricos. En este estudio evaluamos el comportamiento mecánico agudo del andamiaje bioresorbible metálico Magmaris® frente al del polimérico Absorb®. Métodos: Se compararon dos grupos de 10 lesiones coronarias tratadas con Magmaris® y Absorb® 1.1 (20584 vs. 21016 struts). En todos los casos se realizó estudio postimplante del dispositivo mediante tomografia de coherencia óptica (OCT). Se compararon las características basales clínicas y angiográficas, así como aspectos del procedimiento (incluídos los estudios de OCT) entre ambos grupos. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias clínicas o angiográficas estadísticamente significativas entre ambos grupos. La indicación más frecuente de revascularización coronaria fué la presencia de angina de esfuerzo (60% vs. 70% p = 0.45), sin incluirse casos de IAMCEST. La arteria descendente anterior fué el principal vaso diana, con un diámetro medio de 3.46 ± 0.23 mm en el grupo de Absorb® y de 3.52 ± 0.19mm en el grupo de Magmaris® (p = 0.56). En todos los casos se realizó pre y postdilatación, con una tasa de éxito del procedimiento del 100%. Los estudios mediante OCT demostraron un mayor diámetro de stent y del vaso en el grupo de Magmaris®: 3.11 ± 0.38mm versus 3.07 ± 0.36 mm, p = 0.03 y 4.12 ± 0.51mm versus 4.04 ± 0.46mm, p = 0.04. A pesar de someter a los dispositivos Magmaris® a presiones de postdilatación ligeramente superiores (18.01 ± 2.15 vs. 17.20 ± 3.80 atm, p = 0.05), se identificó un menor porcentaje estadísticamente significativo de struts rotos o malapuestos en dicho grupo (0.15% vs. 0.27 %, p = 0.03 y 1.06 % vs. 1.46% p = 0.01). En un seguimiento a 30 días no se registraron eventos mayores: muerte cardíaca, IM relacionado con vaso diana o TLR. Conclusión: Las propiedades mecánicas del scaffold metálico bioresorbible Magmaris® permiten alcanzar mayores diámetros de stent y vaso de forma segura tras su implante, con una baja tasa de malaposición y disrupción.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Absorbable Implants , Tissue Scaffolds , Drug-Eluting Stents , Polyesters/chemistry , Prosthesis Design , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Magnesium/chemistry
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811261


PURPOSE: To overcome several drawbacks of chemically-crosslinked collagen membranes, modification processes such as ultraviolet (UV) crosslinking and the addition of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) to collagen membranes have been introduced. This study evaluated the efficacy and biocompatibility of BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in a rabbit calvarial model.METHODS: Four circular bone defects (diameter, 8 mm) were created in the calvarium of 10 rabbits. Each defect was randomly allocated to one of the following groups: 1) the sham control group (spontaneous healing); 2) the M group (defect coverage with a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane and no graft material); 3) the BG (defects filled with BCP particles without membrane coverage); and 4) the BG+M group (defects filled with BCP particles and covered with a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane in a conventional GBR procedure). At 2 and 8 weeks, rabbits were sacrificed, and experimental defects were investigated histologically and by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).RESULTS: In both micro-CT and histometric analyses, the BG and BG+M groups at both 2 and 8 weeks showed significantly higher new bone formation than the control group. On micro-CT, the new bone volume of the BG+M group (48.39±5.47 mm3) was larger than that of the BG group (38.71±2.24 mm3, P=0.032) at 8 weeks. Histologically, greater new bone area was observed in the BG+M group than in the BG or M groups. BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane did not cause an abnormal cellular reaction and was stable until 8 weeks.CONCLUSIONS: Enhanced new bone formation in GBR can be achieved by simultaneously using bone graft material and a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane, which showed high biocompatibility and resistance to degradation, making it a biocompatible alternative to chemically-crosslinked collagen membranes.

Absorbable Implants , Animals , Bone Regeneration , Calcium , Collagen , Membranes , Osteogenesis , Rabbits , Skull , Transplants , Ultraviolet Rays
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879364


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate early clinical effects of bioabsorbable suture anchors for the treatment of Bankart lesion.@*METHODS@#Total 23 patients with the Bankart lesion were treated with arthroscopic repair using bioabsorbable suture anchors from January 2010 to June 2017. There were 20 males and 3 females, with an average age of (23.4±3.9) years old (ranged, 19 to 34 years old). Fourteen patients had injuries on the right shoulder joint and 9 patients had the injuries on the left side. The mechanism of primary dislocation included 17 cases of training, 5 cases of sports injury and 1 case of falling down. The mean interval time from injury to surgery was(10.9±5.8) months (ranged, 3 to 36 months). The Bankart lesion was repaired by bio-cortical suture anchors. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was used to evaluate therapeutic effects.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were followed up, with a mean duration of(24.5±3.7) months(ranged, 18 to 39 months). At the latest follow up, there was no recurrent dislocation occurred, and all patients had returned to sports and work. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was 53.91±11.67 pre-operationally and 91.74±12.30 post operationally, respectively (@*CONCLUSION@#Applying bio-cortical bone suture anchors for the Bankart lesion is a reliable, efficient and cost effective treatment, which is also suitable for the revision of the Bankart lesion.

Absorbable Implants , Adult , Arthroscopy , Bankart Lesions , Female , Humans , Joint Instability , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879226


Biodegradable stents (BDSs) are the milestone in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Biodegradable polymeric stents have received widespread attention due to their good biocompatibility, moderate degradation rate and degradation products without toxicity or side effects. However, due to the defects in mechanical properties of polymer materials, the clinical application of polymeric BDS has been affected. In this paper, the BDS geometric configuration design was analyzed to improve the radial strength, flexibility and reduce the shrinkage rate of biodegradable polymeric stents. And from the aspects of numerical simulation, in vitro experiment and animal experiment, the configuration design and mechanical properties of biodegradable polymeric stents were introduced in detail in order to provide further references for the development of biodegradable polymeric stents.

Absorbable Implants , Animals , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Prosthesis Design , Stents
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1180-1185, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056331


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate long-term (5-10 years) outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgical (MIS) kit insertion with Prolift® (non-absorbable) mesh compared to the use of Prolift M® (partially absorbable), for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair. Study design: In this retrospective study we compared women undergoing MIS kit Prolift® insertion (n=90) vs. Prolift M® insertion (n=79) for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair between 2006 and 2012 at our Institution. A number of 169 women fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Results: During the study period 128 women (76%) completed full follow-up; of them 58 (73%) following MIS kit Prolift® insertion, and 70 (88%) following MIS kit ProliftM® insertion. There was no significant difference between the Prolift® and Prolift M® regarding parity (3.04 vs. 2.88, p=0.506), presence of hypertension (24.1% vs. 39.1%, p=0.088), diabetes mellitus (3.4% vs. 11.6%, p=0.109), or urinary stress incontinence (39.7% vs. 47.1%, p=0.475). All participants had been diagnosed with POP grade 3 or 4 before the procedure. No significant complications during the procedure or postoperative period were identified in the study groups. The follow-up period was at least five years in duration for both groups. Both groups were comparable according to questionnaires focused on function and satisfaction. Conclusion: Patients undergoing MIS kit Prolift® and Prolift M® insertion for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair had comparable early and late postoperative outcomes. No differences in patient's function and satisfaction between the two groups were identified. According to our findings, there is no superiority to either of the two studied mesh devices.

Humans , Female , Aged , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Absorbable Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/complications , Uterine Prolapse/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Pelvic Floor , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(4): 274-277, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042376


Resumo A matriz de colágeno Ologen TM é um novo agente antifibrótico composto por uma matriz porosa de atelocolageno tipo I e glicosaminoglicanos reticulados, que pode ser utilizado como uma alternativa para a modulação da cicatrização nas cirurgias. Por ser altamente poroso e biodegradável, este implante auxilia nos processos de reparação fisiológicos que ocorrem no tecido conjuntivo e epitelial da lesão, sem a formação de tecido fibrótico, o qual acarreta insucesso cirúrgico e elevação da PIO. A Trabeculectomia (TREC) é considerada a cirurgia padrão para o tratamento do glaucoma, no entanto as taxas de sucesso cirúrgico a médio e longo prazo estão relacionadas a cicatrização do sítio operatório, envolvendo principalmente o tecido conjuntival e tenoniano. O processo de cicatrização é divido em 4 fases principais: coagulativa, inflamatória, proliferativa e remodeladora, com uma série de cascatas químicas e fatores bioquímicos liberados na tentativa de restabelecer a hemostasia. Diversas pesquisas na literatura já demonstraram os efeitos benéficos na cicatrização ao utilizar a matriz de colágeno Ologen em cirurgias oftalmológicas, além das possíveis complicações. Os resultados dos atuais estudos com implante de Ologen para o tratamento de glaucoma são encorajadores e promissores. No entanto, ensaios clínicos randomizados futuros com seguimento a longo prazo são necessários para avaliarmos a segurança e a eficácia do novo implante na modulação da cicatrização, alcançando melhores taxas de sucesso cirúrgico.

Abstract The Ologen™ collagen matrix is a new antifibrotic agent composed of a porous matrix of type I atelocolagene and cross-linked glycosaminoglycans, which can be used as an alternative for the modulation of healing in surgeries. Because it is highly porous and biodegradable, this implant assists in the physiological repair processes that occur in the connective and epithelial tissue of the lesion without the formation of fibrotic tissue, which leads to surgical failure and IOP elevation. The Trabeculectomy (TREC) is considered the standard surgery for the treatment of glaucoma; however, the surgical success rates in the medium and long term are related to surgical site healing, mainly involving conjunctival and tenonian tissue. The healing process is divided into 4 main phases: coagulative, inflammatory, proliferative and remodeling, with a series of chemical cascades and biochemical factors released in an attempt to restore hemostasis. Since several researches in the literature have already demonstrated the beneficial effects on healing by using the Ologen collagen matrix in ophthalmic surgeries, in addition to possible complications. The results of current Ologen implant studies for the treatment of glaucoma are encouraging and promising. However, future randomized clinical trials with long-term follow-up are necessary to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the new implant in modulating healing, achieving better rates of surgical success.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Trabeculectomy/methods , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Absorbable Implants , Comparative Study , Glaucoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774165


experimental test for mechanical properties of a vascular stent is a main method to evaluate its effectiveness and safety, which is of great significance to the clinical applications. In this study, a comparative study of planar, V-groove and radial compression methods for the radial support property test were performed, and the effects of compression rate and circumferential position on the test results were conducted. Based on the three-point bending method, the influences of compression rate and circumferential position on flexibility were also explored. And then a best test proposal was selected to evaluate the radial support property and flexibility of the three self-designed stents and the comparative biodegradable vascular stent (BVS) (BVS1.1, Abbott Vascular, USA) with different outside diameters of 1.4 mm, 1.7 mm and 2.4 mm. The results show that the developing trends of the compression load with the compression displacement measured by the three radial support property test methods are the same, but normalized radial force values are quite different. The planar compression method is more suitable for comparing the radial support properties of stents with different diameters and structures. Compression rate has no obvious effect on the testing results of both the radial support property and flexibility. Compression circumferential position has a great impact on testing radial support property with the planar or V-groove compression methods and testing flexibility with three-point bending method. The radial support properties of all the three self-designed stents are improved at a certain degree compared to that of the BVS stent. The study has better guide significance and reference value for testing mechanical properties of vascular stents.

Absorbable Implants , Mechanical Phenomena , Polymers , Prosthesis Design , Stents , Stress, Mechanical
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762797


BACKGROUND: Absorbable plates are widely used in open reduction and internal fixation surgeries for facial bone fractures. Absorbable plates are made of polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA), polydioxane (PDS), or various combinations of these polymers. The degradation patterns of absorbable plates made from different polymers and clinical courses of patients treated with such plates have not been fully identified. This study aimed to confirm the clinical courses of facial bone fracture patients using absorbable plates and compare the degradation patterns of the plates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 47 cases in 46 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation surgery using absorbable plates to repair facial bone fractures. All surgeries used either PLA/PGA composite-based or poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite-based absorbable plates and screws. Clinical courses were confirmed and comparisons were conducted based on direct observation. RESULTS: There were no naturally occurring foreign body reactions. Post-traumatic inflammatory responses occurred in eight patients (nine cases), in which six recovered naturally with conservative treatment. The absorbable plates were removed from two patients. PLA/PGA composite-based absorbable plates degraded into fragments with non-uniform, sharp surfaces whereas PLLA/HA composite-based absorbable plates degraded into a soft powder. CONCLUSION: PLA/PGA composite-based and PLLA/HA composite-based absorbable plates showed no naturally occurring foreign body reactions and showed different degradation patterns. The absorbable plate used for facial bone fracture surgery needs to be selected in consideration of its degradation patterns.

Absorbable Implants , Bone Plates , Facial Bones , Foreign Bodies , Humans , Hydroxyapatites , Polyglycolic Acid , Polymers , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762783


BACKGROUND: The open reduction of craniofacial bone fractures requires internal fixation using metal plates and screws, which have been considered the gold standard. However, metal implants pose a risk of palpation, protrusion, and foreign body reaction, and they may require an additional operation for removal. Recently, good results have been reported for absorbable implants which complement the disadvantages of metal implants. This study presents the results of using absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate for more accurate and firmer fixation of comminuted fractures of the maxilla. METHODS: In total, 235 patients underwent operations for comminuted fractures of the maxilla. From January 2012 to December 2014, absorbable mesh and screws were used in 114 patients, while from January 2015 to December 2017, absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate were used in 121 patients. Open reduction of the bone fragments was performed, after which absorbable implants were accurately molded and fixed by screws. RESULTS: All patients underwent postoperative computed tomography scans, which showed highly accurate reduction and firm fixation in the patients who underwent procedures using absorbable implants, screws, and cyanoacrylate. There were no postoperative complications or cases of abnormal facial contour. CONCLUSION: When absorbable implants and screws are used for maxillary fractures, no additional surgery to remove the metal plate is required. In addition, the use of cyanoacrylate enables accurate and firm fixation of the tiny bone fragments that cannot be fixed with screws.

Absorbable Implants , Complement System Proteins , Cyanoacrylates , Foreign-Body Reaction , Fractures, Bone , Fractures, Comminuted , Fungi , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Fractures , Palpation , Postoperative Complications
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785450


BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the most common causes of enophthalmos, and post-traumatic enophthalmos primarily results from an increased volume of the bony orbit. We achieved good long-term results by simultaneously using an anatomical absorbable implant and iliac bone graft to correct post-traumatic enophthalmos.METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, we performed operations on seven patients with post-traumatic enophthalmos. In all seven cases, reduction surgery for the initial trauma was performed at our hospital. Hertel exophthalmometry, clinical photography, three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), and orbital volume measurements using software to calculate the specific volume captured on 3D-CT (ITK-SNAP, Insight Toolkit-SNAP) were performed preoperatively and postoperatively.RESULTS: Patients were evaluated based on exophthalmometry, clinical photographs, 3D-CT, and orbital volume measured by the ITK-SNAP program at 5 days and 1 year postoperatively, and all factors improved significantly compared with the preoperative baseline. Complications such as hematoma or extraocular muscle limitation were absent, and the corrected orbital volume was well maintained at the 1-year follow-up visit.CONCLUSION: We present a method to correct enophthalmos by reconstructing the orbital wall using an anatomical absorbable implant and a simultaneous autologous iliac bone graft. All cases showed satisfactory results for enophthalmos correction. We suggest this method as a good option for the correction of post-traumatic enophthalmos.

Absorbable Implants , Autografts , Enophthalmos , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Humans , Methods , Orbit , Photography , Transplants
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774216


New biodegradable intravascular stent can reduce risk of foreign bodies retained, thus, it is widely concerned and some of the products have been introduced into the clinic. However, the characteristic of biodegradable may lead to more safety concerns associated with thrombosis. To ensure the safety, the thrombus formation experiment needs to be carefully designed and evaluated based on GB/T 16886.4 standard, but current standard do not provide explicit testing and evaluating methods. Establishing animal model with experimental pigs, the study compares biodegradable coronary stents and metal stents by simulating clinical implantation on the thrombus formation in the implanting process, and after the short-term and long-term implantation. The evaluation methods include gross observation, digital subtraction angiography intraoperative analysis, optical coherence tomography analysis, scanning electron microscopy and so on. The results show that combining these methods could comprehensively evaluate the whole process of the thrombus formation from the beginning of implantation to the end of preclinical animal experiments, so that, it may better predict the clinical thrombosis risk, and the selection of the control was very important. The study tries to use the comparison examples of thrombosis on the new medical instrument to provide the clue for thrombosis evaluation on similar instruments and show the methodology on the preclinical evaluation.

Absorbable Implants , Animals , Drug-Eluting Stents , Polymers , Swine , Thrombosis , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(4): 314-319, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975980


ABSTRACT Background: The surgical treatment of anal fistula is complex due to the possibility of fecal incontinence. Fistulotomy and cutting Setons have the same incidence of fecal incontinence depending on the complexity of the fistula. Sphincter-preserving procedures such as anal fistula plug and ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure may result in more recurrence requiring repeated operations. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the outcomes of treating fistula in Ano utilizing two methods: Fistula plug (Gore Bio-A) and ligation of intersphincteric tract (LIFT). Methods: Fifty four patients (33 males; 21 female, median ages 42 [range 32-47] years) with high anal inter-transphenteric fistula were treated with LIFT and fistula plug procedures from September 2011 until August 2016 by a single surgeon and were retrospectively evaluated. All were followed for a median of 23.9 (range 4-54) months with clinical examination. Twenty one patients underwent fistula plug and 33 patients underwent LIFT procedure (4 patients of the LIFT group underwent LIFT and rectal mucosa advancement flap). The healing rate and complications were evaluated clinically and through telephone calls. Results: The mean operative time for the Plug was 25 ± 17 min and for the LIFT was 40 ± 20 min (p = 0.017) and the mean hospital stay was 2.4 ± 1.1 and 1.9 ± 0.3 (p = 0.01) respectively. The early complications of the plug and LIFT procedures included; anal pain (33.3%, 66.6%, p = 0.13), perianal discharge (77.8%, 91%, p = 0.62), anal pruritus (38.9%, 50.0%, p = 0.71) and bleeding per rectum (16.7%, 33.3%, p = 0.39) respectively. The overall mean follow-up was 20.9 ± 16.8 months, p = 0.68. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (21.9 ± 7.5 months, 19.9 ± 16.1 months, p = 0.682). The healing rate was 76.2% (16/21 patients) in the fistula plug group and 81.1% (27/33 patients) in the LIFT group (p = 0.73). Patients who had LIFT procedure and a mucosal advancement flap had 100% healing rate (4 out of 4 patients). No incontinence of stool or feces and no fistula plug expulsion were seen in our patients. The healing time ranged from 1 to 6 months after surgery. There was no post-operative perianal abscess, cellulitis or pain. Conclusions: LIFT and anal plug are safe procedures for patients with primary and recurrent anal fistula. Both techniques showed excellent results in terms of healing and complication rate. None of our patients had incontinence after 5 years follow-up. The best success rate in our patients was seen after LIFT procedure with mucosal advancement flap. Larger and controlled randomized trials are needed for better assessment of treatment options.

RESUMO Introdução: O tratamento cirúrgico da fístula anal é complexo devido à possibilidade de incontinência fecal. A fistulotomia e o seton de corte têm a mesma incidência da incontinência fecal, dependendo da complexidade da fístula. Procedimentos de preservação do esfíncter, como o tampão da fístula anal e o procedimento LIFT (ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana), podem resultar em mais recorrência, exigindo cirurgias repetidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar os desfechos do tratamento da fístula anal utilizando dois métodos: Tampão de fístula (Gore Bio-A) e Ligadura do Trato Interesfincteriano (LIFT). Métodos: Cinquenta e quatro pacientes (33 homens; 21 mulheres, com mediana de idade de 42 [variação 32-47] anos) foram tratados com LIFT e procedimentos com tampão de fístula de setembro de 2011 até agosto de 2016 por um único cirurgião e foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Todos foram acompanhados por uma mediana de 23,9 (variação de 4 a 54) meses com exame clínico. Vinte e um pacientes foram submetidos a tampão de fístula e 33 pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento LIFT (4 pacientes do grupo LIFT foram submetidos a LIFT e retalho de avanço da mucosa retal). A taxa de cicatrização e as complicações foram avaliadas clinicamente e por meio de ligações telefônicas. Resultados: O tempo cirúrgico médio para o Tampão foi de 25 ± 17 minutos e para o LIFT foi de 40 ± 20 minutos (p = 0,017) e o tempo médio de internação foi de 2,4 ± 1,1 e 1,9 ± 0,3 (p = 0,01), respectivamente. As primeiras complicações dos procedimentos de tampão e LIFT incluíram: dor anal (33,3%, 66,6%, p = 0,13), secreção perianal (77,8%, 91%, p = 0,62), prurido anal (38,9%, 50,0%, p = 0,71) e sangramento pelo reto (16,7%, 33,3 %, p = 0,39) respectivamente. A média geral de acompanhamento foi de 20,9 ± 16,8 meses, p = 0,68. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos (21,9 ± 7,5 meses, 19,9 ± 16,1 meses, p = 0,682). A taxa de cicatrização foi de 76,2% (16/21 pacientes) no grupo com tampão de fístula e 81,1% (27/33 pacientes) no grupo LIFT (p = 0,73). Pacientes submetidos ao procedimento LIFT e um retalho de avanço da mucosa tiveram 100% de taxa de cura (4 de 4 pacientes). Nenhuma incontinência fecal e nenhuma expulsão do tampão da fístula foram observadas em nossos pacientes. O tempo de cicatrização variou de 1 a 6 meses após a cirurgia. Não houve abscesso perianal, celulite ou dor no pós-operatório. Conclusões: LIFT e tampão anal são procedimentos seguros para pacientes com fístula anal primária e recorrente. Ambas as técnicas apresentaram excelentes resultados em termos de cicatrização e taxa de complicações. Nenhum de nossos pacientes teve incontinência após 5 anos de acompanhamento. A melhor taxa de sucesso em nossos pacientes foi observada após o procedimento LIFT com retalho de avanço da mucosa. Ensaios clínicos randomizados de maior porte e controlados são necessários para melhor avaliação das opções de tratamento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Instruments/statistics & numerical data , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Absorbable Implants/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Outcome , Sphincterotomy/methods
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(2): 137-141, jun. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954255


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un caso clínico con la utilización de un innovador sistema de osteosíntesis basado en la mezcla de hidroxiapatita (HA) y acido poliláctico (PLLA). La paciente fue admitida en el Hospital Abraham González Peña de Lautaro (Chile) debido a una deformidad facial que exigió realizar una cirugía ortognática monomaxilar para avance y aumento transversal del maxilar; se utilizaron placas de tipo L y tornillos de HA/PLLA de 5 mm para la fijación maxilar, realizando la cirugía sin complicaciones; el proceso técnico y alta hospitalaria se ejecutó de forma convencional. Se realizó un análisis de la literatura donde se analiza la versatilidad, la seguridad y la estabilidad de segmentos cuando se utiliza este innovador material y se concluye que este tipo de osteosíntesis es aplicable a cirugía maxilofacial, exigiendo una curva de aprendizaje por parte del cirujano, necesaria para obtener resultados adecuados.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to show a clinical case, where was used an innovative osteosynthesys system based on the mixture of hidroxiapatite (HA) and polilactic acid (PLLA). The patient was admitted into Abraham González Peña Hospital (Chile), showing a facial deformity to treat with monomaxillary orthognathic surgery for advance and transversal increase of the maxilla.; were used type L plates and 5 mm screws of HA/PLLA for the internal fixation, performing the surgery without complications; the technical process and the ALTA hospital was realized in a conventional strategy. Was realized a literature review showing the versatility, safe and stability of bone segment when used this innovative material and it´s concluded that this osteosynthesis system can be used normally in maxillofacial surgery; a learning curve to learn about this material is needed by surgeons.

Humans , Female , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Absorbable Implants , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Chile , Durapatite
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(1): 125-129, feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887443


La obstrucción bronquial es infrecuente en el niño. La causa principal es la malacia o la estenosis de naturaleza benigna. Las alternativas de manejo varían desde el tratamiento conservador hasta complejas técnicas quirúrgicas y/o endoscópicas. La colocación de una endoprótesis (estent) puede desempeñar un papel fundamental en situaciones particulares en las que no hay otra opción terapéutica. Sin embargo, el estent ideal aún no está disponible. En los últimos años, se han comenzado a investigar las propiedades de diversos materiales biodegradables a fin de superar los inconvenientes de los estents tradicionales confeccionados de silicona o metal. Se presenta nuestra experiencia con un nuevo tipo de estent de vía aérea biodegradable en el tratamiento de la broncomalacia grave en un niño de 2 años; se evalúa su seguridad y eficacia clínica. Se describen las indicaciones y las potenciales complicaciones del uso de endoprótesis en la vía aérea en pediatría.

Bronchial obstruction is infrequent in the child. The main cause is malacia or benign stenosis. Management alternatives range from conservative treatment to complex surgical and/or endoscopic techniques. Placement of a stent can play a key role in situations where there is no other therapeutic option. However, the ideal stent is not yet available. In the last few years, progress has been made in the development and characterization of novel biodegradable materials in order to overcome the drawbacks of traditional stents made of silicone or metal. We present our experience with a new type of biodegradable airway stent in the treatment of severe bronchomalacia in a 2-year-old child; we evaluate safety and clinical effectiveness. We describe the indications and potential complications of pediatric endoprosthesis in the airway.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Bronchial Diseases/surgery , Stents , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Absorbable Implants
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717190


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Compared with metallic drug-eluting stents (DES), bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) may further improve long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease. We report our early experience with BVS in Korea. METHODS: We evaluated 105 consecutive patients with BVS implanted at Asan Medical Center, Korea between October 21, 2015 and June 3, 2016. Angiographic results, and in-hospital and 6-month clinical outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 134 BVS were implanted to treat 115 lesions. The mean age was 62 ± 10.5 years; 85 patients (81%) were males, 26 patients (25%) were presented with acute coronary syndrome. Among 115 lesions treated with BVS, 76 (66.1%) were B2/C type, 27 (23.5%) were bifurcation lesions, and four (3.5%) were chronic total occlusion. Pre-dilation and post-dilation using high-pressure non-compliant balloon was performed in 104 lesions (90.4%) and 113 lesions (98.2%), respectively. During the procedure, intravascular imaging was used for all patients (100%; intravascular ultrasound 89 and optical coherence tomography 40 patients). Device success rate was 100%. In-segment and in-scaffold acute again were 1.1 ± 0.6 and 1.3 ± 0.5 mm, respectively. Periprocedural myocardial infraction occurred in four patients (3.8%). No deaths, stent thrombosis, or urgent revascularizations occurred either during hospitalization or the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: In this single-center experience, implantation of BVS with intravascular imaging support was feasible and early clinical outcomes were excellent. Evaluation of long-term efficacy and safety of BVS and its feasibility in clinical use for a broader range of lesions is warranted.

Absorbable Implants , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Drug-Eluting Stents , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Male , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Stents , Thrombosis , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Ultrasonography
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1092-1099, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739292


STUDY DESIGN: In-vitro biomechanical investigation. PURPOSE: To evaluate the biomechanical effects of the degeneration of the biodegradable cervical plates developed for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) on fusion and adjacent levels. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Biodegradable implants have been recently introduced for cervical spine surgery. However, their effectiveness and safety remains unclear. METHODS: A linear three-dimensional finite element (FE) model of the lower cervical spine, comprising the C4–C6 vertebrae was developed using computed tomography images of a 46-year-old woman. The model was validated by comparison with previous reports. Four models of ACDF were analyzed and compared: (1) a titanium plate and bone block (Tita), (2) strong biodegradable plate and bone block (PLA-4G) that represents the early state of the biodegradable plate with full strength, (3) weak biodegradable plate and bone block (PLA-1G) that represents the late state of the biodegradable plate with decreased strength, and (4) stand-alone bone block (Bloc). FE analysis was performed to investigate the relative motion and intervertebral disc stress at the surgical (C5–C6 segment) and adjacent (C4–C5 segment) levels. RESULTS: The Tita and PLA-4G models were superior to the other models in terms of higher segment stiffness, smaller relative motion, and lower bone stress at the surgical level. However, the maximal von Mises stress at the intervertebral disc at the adjacent level was significantly higher in the Tita and PLA-4G models than in the other models. The relative motion at the adjacent level was significantly lower in the PLA-1G and Bloc models than in the other models. CONCLUSIONS: The use of biodegradable plates will enhance spinal fusion in the initial stronger period and prevent adjacent segment degeneration in the later, weaker period.

Absorbable Implants , Diskectomy , Female , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Titanium