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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 598-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010246

ABSTRACT

The composite material PLGA compounded with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) was prepared by melt blending method, and the absorbable interface screw was prepared by injection molding process. Prepare PBS buffer that simulates human body, conduct in vitro degradation experiments on interface screws according to relevant national and industry standards, then test and characterize interface screws at different time points for degradation of intrinsic viscosity, average molecular weight distribution, mass loss, mechanical properties and thermal properties. According to the degradation performance-time curve, determine the time node at which the interface screw loses the mechanical properties. In this paper, the in vitro degradation behavior of interfacial screws prepared from PLGA and β-TCP composites was studied in detail, providing a reference and basis for the degradation behavior of absorbable products prepared from PLGA and β-TCP composites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyesters , Materials Testing , Calcium Phosphates , Absorbable Implants
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 322-330, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There are few data comparing clinical outcomes of complex percutaneous coronary intervention (CPCI) when using biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) or second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DES). The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of BP-DES and compare that with DP-DES in patients with and without CPCI during a 5-year follow-up.@*METHODS@#Patients who exclusively underwent BP-DES or DP-DES implantation in 2013 at Fuwai Hospital were consecutively enrolled and stratified into two categories based on CPCI presence or absence. CPCI included at least one of the following features: unprotected left main lesion, ≥2 lesions treated, ≥2 stents implanted, total stent length >40 mm, moderate-to-severe calcified lesion, chronic total occlusion, or bifurcated target lesion. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and total coronary revascularization (target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization [TVR], and non-TVR) during the 5-year follow-up. The secondary endpoint was total coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7712 patients included, 4882 (63.3%) underwent CPCI. Compared with non-CPCI patients, CPCI patients had higher 2- and 5-year incidences of MACE and total coronary revascularization. Following multivariable adjustment including stent type, CPCI was an independent predictor of MACE (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.151; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.017-1.303, P  = 0.026) and total coronary revascularization (aHR: 1.199; 95% CI: 1.037-1.388, P  = 0.014) at 5 years. The results were consistent at the 2-year endpoints. In patients with CPCI, BP-DES use was associated with significantly higher MACE rates at 5 years (aHR: 1.256; 95% CI: 1.078-1.462, P  = 0.003) and total coronary revascularization (aHR: 1.257; 95% CI: 1.052-1.502, P  = 0.012) compared with that of DP-DES, but there was a similar risk at 2 years. However, BP-DES had comparable safety and efficacy profiles including MACE and total coronary revascularization compared with DP-DES in patients with non-CPCI at 2 and 5 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients underwent CPCI remained at a higher risk of mid- to long-term adverse events regardless of the stent type. The effect of BP-DES compared with DP-DES on outcomes was similar in CPCI and non-CPCI patients at 2 years but had inconsistent effects at the 5-year clinical endpoints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Polymers/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Absorbable Implants , Prosthesis Design
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanical properties related to the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor in clinical use, and to support product design, development and verification.@*METHODS@#By retrieving the database of relevant adverse events, the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor were summarized, and the influencing factors of functional failure were further analyzed by studying the mechanical properties related to functional failure. The publicly available test data was retrieved for verification and provided reference for the researchers.@*RESULTS@#The typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor include anchor failure, suture failure, fix loosening, inserter failure, which are related to the mechanical properties of products, such as screw-in torque and break torque of screw-in anchors, insertion force of knock-in anchors, suture strength, pull-out force before and after system fatigue test and elongation of sutures after fatigue test.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enterprises should pay attention to improving the mechanical performance level of products through material, structural design and the suture weaving process to ensure the safety and effectiveness of products.


Subject(s)
Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Absorbable Implants , Biomechanical Phenomena , Materials Testing
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e21310, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420508

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the hospital environment, postoperative pain is a common occurrence that impairs patient recovery and rehabilitation and lengthens hospitalization time. Racemic bupivacaine hydrochloride (CBV) and Novabupi® (NBV) (S (-) 75% R (+) 25% bupivacaine hydrochloride) are two examples of local anesthetics used in pain management, the latter being an alternative with less deleterious effects. In the present study, biodegradable implants were developed using Poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) through a hot molding technique, evaluating their physicochemical properties and their in vitro drug release. Different proportions of drugs and polymer were tested, and the proportion of 25%:75% was the most stable for molding the implants. Thermal and spectrometric analyses were performed, and they revealed no unwanted chemical interactions between drugs and polymer. They also confirmed that heating and freeze-drying used for manufacturing did not interfere with stability. The in vitro release results revealed drugs sustained release, reaching 64% for NBV-PLGA and 52% for CBV-PLGA up to 30 days. The drug release mechanism was confirmed by microscopy, which involved pores formation and polymeric erosion, visualized in the first 72 h of the in vitro release test. These findings suggest that the developed implants are interesting alternatives to control postoperative pain efficiently.


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative/classification , Bupivacaine/analysis , Absorbable Implants/classification , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Hospitals/classification
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1166-1169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970802

ABSTRACT

Flatfoot could be divided into flexible flatfoot and rigid flatfoot. Flatfoot with symptoms is called symptomatic flatfoot, surgical treatment is required if conservative treatment is not effective. Subtalar arthroereisis is a minimally invasive procedure which has been used for many years with good results in flexible flatfoot, however, still has many controversial points. Controversial points focus on indications and contraindications, optimal age, subtalar arthroereisis alone or not, efficacy and safety of absorbable material implants, and implant removal. The paper reviewed and summarized the use and controversies of subtalar arthroereisis in symptomatic flatfoot as follows:the best indication for subtalar arthroereisis was pediatric flexible flatfoot syndrome and aged from 10 to 12 years old was optimal age for treatment;tarsal coalitions with flatfoot and adult flatfoot were relative indications. Stiff flatfoot, joint laxity, and subtalar arthritis were contraindications;obesity and neurogenic flexible flatfoot were relative contraindications. The correction ability of subtalar arthroereisis alone was limited, and it's combined with other procedures depending on patient's situation. The safety and efficacy of absorbable material implants had been reported. Routine removal of the implant was not necessary, the main reason of which was tarsal sinus pain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Child , Flatfoot/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Absorbable Implants , Subtalar Joint/surgery , Heel/surgery , Pain/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Absorbable Implants , Drug-Eluting Stents , Stents
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 128-135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the 4-year clinical outcomes of patients following Firesorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implantation. Methods: The study reported the 4-year follow-up results of the FUTURE I study. FUTURE I was a prospective, single-center, open-label, first-in-man study which evaluated the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of Firesorb stent in the treatment of coronary artery stenosis. A total of 45 patients with single de novo lesions in native coronary arteries ,who hospitalized in Fuwai Hospital from January to March 2016 were enrolled. After successfully stent implantation these patients were randomized in a 2∶1 ratio into cohort 1 (n=30) or cohort 2 (n=15). The patients in cohort 1 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT examination at 6 months and 2 years; and cohort 2 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT at 1 and 3 years. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1, 6 months and 1 year and annually thereafter up to 5 years. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Secondary endpoints included patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE, defined as composite of all death, all miocardial infarction, or any revascularization). Results: A total of 45 patients were enrolled and implanted with Firesorb BRS, including 35 males (77.8%), and the age was (54.4±9.3) years. At 4 years, 10 patients in cohort 1 were reexamined by coronary angiography and OCT examination. Among them, 2 patients' stents were completely degraded and absorbed. Compared with the OCT images of the other 8 patients in cohort 2 at 3 years, the degree of stent degradation was increased, and no stent adherence was found. The 4-year clinical follow-up rate was 100%. In 4-year clinical following up, 2 patients suffered PoCE (4.4%): 1 patient underwent non-target vessel revascularization the day after index procedure and target vessel revascularization (Non-target lesion revascularization) at 2-year imaging follow-up; the other patient underwent target lesion revascularization during imaging follow-up at 4 years but not due to ischemic driven. There was no scaffold thrombosis or TLF events through 4 years. Conclusions: Four years after the implantation, complete degradation and absorption of the Firsorb stent are evidenced in some patients. Firesorb stent is feasible and effective in the treatment of patients with non-complex coronary lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorbable Implants , Cardiovascular Agents , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942530

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stent in improving surgical outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostium (FSO) following full endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with whole group chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients with whole group CRSwNP who had similar lesions on bilateral sinus between September 2019 and March 2020 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Changhai Hospital were chosen. Patients with CRSwNP who underwent extended ESS were randomly assigned to receive a steroid-eluting sinus stent in one FSO whereas the contralateral side received surgery alone. Endoscopic evaluations recorded at 30, 90 days postoperative were graded by an independent assessment panel to assess the need for interventions in the FSO. Semi-quantitative data with CT and endoscopic score were performed by rank sum test. The need for postoperative intervention and the patency rate of FSO were analyzed using the McNemar test. Results: Thirty-one patients with whole group CRSwNP met all eligible criteria, including 17 males and 14 females, with the age of (44.5±11.8) years(x¯±s). Stents were successfully placed in one FSO of all patients. At 30 days post-ESS, the assessment panel reported that steroid-eluting stents reduced the need for postoperative interventions by 41.0% (χ2=5.314,P=0.021), the need for oral steroid interventions by 40.0% (χ2=4.133,P=0.042) and the need for surgical interventions by 74.8% (χ2=4.292,P=0.038) compared to control sinuses with no stents. Clinical surgeons also reported greater diameter of FSO compared to control sinuses at 30 days post-ESS (74.2% vs 48.4%, χ2=4.351, P=0.037). These results at 90 days post-ESS were consistent with those at 30 days post-ESS. Conclusion: Bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stents in the FSO can reduce polyp formation, adhesion, and the need for postoperative interventions in FSO of CRSwNP patients and improve the early postoperative outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorbable Implants , China , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Frontal Sinus/surgery , Nasal Polyps/complications , Paranasal Sinuses , Rhinitis/complications , Stents , Steroids , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 62(1): 31-38, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148166

ABSTRACT

Se analizan aspectos fármaco-tecnológicos y clínicos de biocerámicos bioabsorbibles compuestos por biovidrios con capacidad osteogénica y microbicida, para ser utilizados como relleno bioactivo en el conducto radicular y como tratamiento terapéutico en el sitio de a lesión apicoperirradicular de origen endodóntico. Mediante un diagrama ternario se consideraron las diversas variables cuyos valores determinan las diferentes fases de los vidrios bioactivos, hasta alcanzar la formación de hidroxiapatita, cuando se someten a un medio biológico. Se analizaron composición y mecanismo de acción en la reparación posendodóntica, que parte de la integración del biomaterial al tejido duro sano, sin formación de fibrosis o proceso inflamatorio inmune (AU)


Pharmacotechnological and clinical aspects of bioabsorbable bioceramics composed of bioglasses with osteogenic and microbicidal capacity are analyzed, to be used as a bioactive filler in the root canal and as a therapeutic treatment at the site of an apicoperiradicular lesion of endodontic origin. By means of a ternary diagram, the various variables whose values determine the different phases of the bioactive glasses were considered, until reaching the formation of hydroxyapatite, when subjected to a biological medium. Composition and mechanism of action were analyzed in post-endodontic repair, which starts from the integration of the biomaterial into healthy hard tissue, without the formation of fibrosis or an immune inflammatory process (AU)


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , Durapatite , Absorbable Implants , Glass , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcarea Silicata , Bone Substitutes
11.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 4-11, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130999

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Different mechanical properties have been suggested for metallic bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) in comparison to polymeric BVS. We aim to evaluate the acute mechanical performance of Magmaris® scaffold in comparison to Absorb®. Materials and Methods: Two groups of 10 coronary lesions treated with Magmaris® and Absorb® 1.1 (20584 vs. 21016 struts) were compared. In all cases, optical coherence tomographic (OCT) images were acquired after scaffold deployment. Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were compared, including OCT evaluations. Results: No baseline clinical or angiographic significant differences were found between groups. The most common indication for revascularization was effort angina (60% vs. 70% p = 0.45) with no ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) cases. Main target artery was left anterior descending, with a mean vessel diameter of 3.46 ± 0.23 in Absorb® and 3.52 ± 0.19mm in Magmaris® groups (p = 0.56). All cases underwent pre- and post-dilatation with a procedural success rate of 100%. OCT analyses showed larger scaffold and vessel diameters in Magmaris® group: 3.11 ± 0.38 mm versus 3.07 ± 0.36 mm, p = 0.03 and 4.12 ± 0.51 mm versus 4.04 ± 0.46 mm, p = 0.04. Despite the application of slightly higher postdilatation pressures to Magmaris® devices (18.01 ± 2.15 vs. 17.20 ± 3.80 atm, p = 0.05), significantly lower percentages of disrupted and malapposed struts were identified within Magmaris® scaffolds (0.15% vs. 0.27%, p = 0.03 and 1.06% vs. 1.46% p = 0.01). No cardiac death, target vessel-related MI, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization was reported in a 30-day follow-up. Conclusion: Mechanical properties of Magmaris® scaffold allow achieving larger vessel and scaffold diameters in a safe manner, with lower rates of malapposition and scaffold disruption.


Resumen Introducción: Se ha sugerido la presencia de un distinto comportamiento mecánico entre los dos grupos principales de dispositivos bioresorbibles: metálicos y poliméricos. En este estudio evaluamos el comportamiento mecánico agudo del andamiaje bioresorbible metálico Magmaris® frente al del polimérico Absorb®. Métodos: Se compararon dos grupos de 10 lesiones coronarias tratadas con Magmaris® y Absorb® 1.1 (20584 vs. 21016 struts). En todos los casos se realizó estudio postimplante del dispositivo mediante tomografia de coherencia óptica (OCT). Se compararon las características basales clínicas y angiográficas, así como aspectos del procedimiento (incluídos los estudios de OCT) entre ambos grupos. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias clínicas o angiográficas estadísticamente significativas entre ambos grupos. La indicación más frecuente de revascularización coronaria fué la presencia de angina de esfuerzo (60% vs. 70% p = 0.45), sin incluirse casos de IAMCEST. La arteria descendente anterior fué el principal vaso diana, con un diámetro medio de 3.46 ± 0.23 mm en el grupo de Absorb® y de 3.52 ± 0.19mm en el grupo de Magmaris® (p = 0.56). En todos los casos se realizó pre y postdilatación, con una tasa de éxito del procedimiento del 100%. Los estudios mediante OCT demostraron un mayor diámetro de stent y del vaso en el grupo de Magmaris®: 3.11 ± 0.38mm versus 3.07 ± 0.36 mm, p = 0.03 y 4.12 ± 0.51mm versus 4.04 ± 0.46mm, p = 0.04. A pesar de someter a los dispositivos Magmaris® a presiones de postdilatación ligeramente superiores (18.01 ± 2.15 vs. 17.20 ± 3.80 atm, p = 0.05), se identificó un menor porcentaje estadísticamente significativo de struts rotos o malapuestos en dicho grupo (0.15% vs. 0.27 %, p = 0.03 y 1.06 % vs. 1.46% p = 0.01). En un seguimiento a 30 días no se registraron eventos mayores: muerte cardíaca, IM relacionado con vaso diana o TLR. Conclusión: Las propiedades mecánicas del scaffold metálico bioresorbible Magmaris® permiten alcanzar mayores diámetros de stent y vaso de forma segura tras su implante, con una baja tasa de malaposición y disrupción.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Absorbable Implants , Tissue Scaffolds , Drug-Eluting Stents , Polyesters/chemistry , Prosthesis Design , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Magnesium/chemistry
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1111-1115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate early clinical effects of bioabsorbable suture anchors for the treatment of Bankart lesion.@*METHODS@#Total 23 patients with the Bankart lesion were treated with arthroscopic repair using bioabsorbable suture anchors from January 2010 to June 2017. There were 20 males and 3 females, with an average age of (23.4±3.9) years old (ranged, 19 to 34 years old). Fourteen patients had injuries on the right shoulder joint and 9 patients had the injuries on the left side. The mechanism of primary dislocation included 17 cases of training, 5 cases of sports injury and 1 case of falling down. The mean interval time from injury to surgery was(10.9±5.8) months (ranged, 3 to 36 months). The Bankart lesion was repaired by bio-cortical suture anchors. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was used to evaluate therapeutic effects.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were followed up, with a mean duration of(24.5±3.7) months(ranged, 18 to 39 months). At the latest follow up, there was no recurrent dislocation occurred, and all patients had returned to sports and work. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was 53.91±11.67 pre-operationally and 91.74±12.30 post operationally, respectively (@*CONCLUSION@#Applying bio-cortical bone suture anchors for the Bankart lesion is a reliable, efficient and cost effective treatment, which is also suitable for the revision of the Bankart lesion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Absorbable Implants , Arthroscopy , Bankart Lesions , Joint Instability , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 967-973, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879226

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable stents (BDSs) are the milestone in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Biodegradable polymeric stents have received widespread attention due to their good biocompatibility, moderate degradation rate and degradation products without toxicity or side effects. However, due to the defects in mechanical properties of polymer materials, the clinical application of polymeric BDS has been affected. In this paper, the BDS geometric configuration design was analyzed to improve the radial strength, flexibility and reduce the shrinkage rate of biodegradable polymeric stents. And from the aspects of numerical simulation, in vitro experiment and animal experiment, the configuration design and mechanical properties of biodegradable polymeric stents were introduced in detail in order to provide further references for the development of biodegradable polymeric stents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Absorbable Implants , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Prosthesis Design , Stents
14.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 14-27, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811261

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To overcome several drawbacks of chemically-crosslinked collagen membranes, modification processes such as ultraviolet (UV) crosslinking and the addition of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) to collagen membranes have been introduced. This study evaluated the efficacy and biocompatibility of BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in a rabbit calvarial model.METHODS: Four circular bone defects (diameter, 8 mm) were created in the calvarium of 10 rabbits. Each defect was randomly allocated to one of the following groups: 1) the sham control group (spontaneous healing); 2) the M group (defect coverage with a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane and no graft material); 3) the BG (defects filled with BCP particles without membrane coverage); and 4) the BG+M group (defects filled with BCP particles and covered with a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane in a conventional GBR procedure). At 2 and 8 weeks, rabbits were sacrificed, and experimental defects were investigated histologically and by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).RESULTS: In both micro-CT and histometric analyses, the BG and BG+M groups at both 2 and 8 weeks showed significantly higher new bone formation than the control group. On micro-CT, the new bone volume of the BG+M group (48.39±5.47 mm3) was larger than that of the BG group (38.71±2.24 mm3, P=0.032) at 8 weeks. Histologically, greater new bone area was observed in the BG+M group than in the BG or M groups. BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane did not cause an abnormal cellular reaction and was stable until 8 weeks.CONCLUSIONS: Enhanced new bone formation in GBR can be achieved by simultaneously using bone graft material and a BCP-supplemented UV-crosslinked collagen membrane, which showed high biocompatibility and resistance to degradation, making it a biocompatible alternative to chemically-crosslinked collagen membranes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Absorbable Implants , Bone Regeneration , Calcium , Collagen , Membranes , Osteogenesis , Skull , Transplants , Ultraviolet Rays
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 118-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942711

ABSTRACT

The study reconstructed vascular model by the realistic Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) data to investigate the influence of the local hemodynamics caused by different thickness and width of bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) implantation in Left Anterior Descending (LAD) artery. The study explored the relationship between the stent structure and thrombus, and the result can provide a valuable reference for the optimal design of BRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorbable Implants , Coronary Vessels , Hemodynamics , Prosthesis Design , Stents , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1180-1185, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate long-term (5-10 years) outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgical (MIS) kit insertion with Prolift® (non-absorbable) mesh compared to the use of Prolift M® (partially absorbable), for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair. Study design: In this retrospective study we compared women undergoing MIS kit Prolift® insertion (n=90) vs. Prolift M® insertion (n=79) for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair between 2006 and 2012 at our Institution. A number of 169 women fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Results: During the study period 128 women (76%) completed full follow-up; of them 58 (73%) following MIS kit Prolift® insertion, and 70 (88%) following MIS kit ProliftM® insertion. There was no significant difference between the Prolift® and Prolift M® regarding parity (3.04 vs. 2.88, p=0.506), presence of hypertension (24.1% vs. 39.1%, p=0.088), diabetes mellitus (3.4% vs. 11.6%, p=0.109), or urinary stress incontinence (39.7% vs. 47.1%, p=0.475). All participants had been diagnosed with POP grade 3 or 4 before the procedure. No significant complications during the procedure or postoperative period were identified in the study groups. The follow-up period was at least five years in duration for both groups. Both groups were comparable according to questionnaires focused on function and satisfaction. Conclusion: Patients undergoing MIS kit Prolift® and Prolift M® insertion for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair had comparable early and late postoperative outcomes. No differences in patient's function and satisfaction between the two groups were identified. According to our findings, there is no superiority to either of the two studied mesh devices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Absorbable Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/complications , Uterine Prolapse/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Pelvic Floor , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(4): 274-277, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042376

ABSTRACT

Resumo A matriz de colágeno Ologen TM é um novo agente antifibrótico composto por uma matriz porosa de atelocolageno tipo I e glicosaminoglicanos reticulados, que pode ser utilizado como uma alternativa para a modulação da cicatrização nas cirurgias. Por ser altamente poroso e biodegradável, este implante auxilia nos processos de reparação fisiológicos que ocorrem no tecido conjuntivo e epitelial da lesão, sem a formação de tecido fibrótico, o qual acarreta insucesso cirúrgico e elevação da PIO. A Trabeculectomia (TREC) é considerada a cirurgia padrão para o tratamento do glaucoma, no entanto as taxas de sucesso cirúrgico a médio e longo prazo estão relacionadas a cicatrização do sítio operatório, envolvendo principalmente o tecido conjuntival e tenoniano. O processo de cicatrização é divido em 4 fases principais: coagulativa, inflamatória, proliferativa e remodeladora, com uma série de cascatas químicas e fatores bioquímicos liberados na tentativa de restabelecer a hemostasia. Diversas pesquisas na literatura já demonstraram os efeitos benéficos na cicatrização ao utilizar a matriz de colágeno Ologen em cirurgias oftalmológicas, além das possíveis complicações. Os resultados dos atuais estudos com implante de Ologen para o tratamento de glaucoma são encorajadores e promissores. No entanto, ensaios clínicos randomizados futuros com seguimento a longo prazo são necessários para avaliarmos a segurança e a eficácia do novo implante na modulação da cicatrização, alcançando melhores taxas de sucesso cirúrgico.


Abstract The Ologen™ collagen matrix is a new antifibrotic agent composed of a porous matrix of type I atelocolagene and cross-linked glycosaminoglycans, which can be used as an alternative for the modulation of healing in surgeries. Because it is highly porous and biodegradable, this implant assists in the physiological repair processes that occur in the connective and epithelial tissue of the lesion without the formation of fibrotic tissue, which leads to surgical failure and IOP elevation. The Trabeculectomy (TREC) is considered the standard surgery for the treatment of glaucoma; however, the surgical success rates in the medium and long term are related to surgical site healing, mainly involving conjunctival and tenonian tissue. The healing process is divided into 4 main phases: coagulative, inflammatory, proliferative and remodeling, with a series of chemical cascades and biochemical factors released in an attempt to restore hemostasis. Since several researches in the literature have already demonstrated the beneficial effects on healing by using the Ologen collagen matrix in ophthalmic surgeries, in addition to possible complications. The results of current Ologen implant studies for the treatment of glaucoma are encouraging and promising. However, future randomized clinical trials with long-term follow-up are necessary to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the new implant in modulating healing, achieving better rates of surgical success.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Trabeculectomy/methods , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Absorbable Implants , Comparative Study , Glaucoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(2): 164-170, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058509

ABSTRACT

Paciente mujer de 26 años de edad, natural y procedente de La Paz-Bolivia. Acudió con un tiempo de enfermedad de 15 meses caracterizado por disfagia progresiva. Un mes antes del comienzo de la sintomatología ingirió lejía con intenciones autolíticas. En el estudio de endoscopia digestiva alta diagnóstica se evidenció a los 25 centímetros de la arcada dentaria una estenosis, de unos 3 mm de diámetro, central y con el epitelio esofágico adyacente de aspecto conservado. En la radiografía de esófago contrastada se evidenció a nivel de tercio medio de esófago una estenosis tubular corta, de bordes lisos, de aproximadamente 2 cm de longitud. Se inició tratamiento mediante dilataciones mecánicas axiales con bujías Savary Guilliard con un intervalo entre sesiones de 2 a 3 semanas y con 8 sesiones en total. En la última sesión la bujía de mayor calibre usada fue 12,8 mm. Es entonces que tomando en consideración los criterios diagnósticos de Kochman, se hizo el diagnóstico de estenosis esofágica cáustica refractaria. Durante el periodo de realización de las dilataciones con bujías la paciente quedo embarazada, lo que dificultaba la realización de los procedimientos por el rutinario uso de control fluoroscópico. Con 14 semanas de gestación se implantó un Stent esofágico biodegradable no cubierto SX-ELLA de 10 cm de longitud. Presentamos el caso por ser un manejo alternativo y novedoso para este tipo de patología.


A 26-year-old female patient, from La Paz-Bolivia. She came with a disease period of 15 months characterized by progressive dysphagia. One month before the onset of the symptomatology she ingested bleach with autolytic intentions. In the study of diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at 25 centimeters of the dental arch was evidenced a stenosis of about 3 mm in diameter, central and with adjacent esophageal epithelium of a preserved appearance. In the x-ray of contrasted esophagus at the level of the middle third of the esophagus was evidenced a stenosis, short tubular, with a smooth border, of approximately 2 cm in length. Treatment was initiated using axial mechanical dilatations with Savary Guilliard bougies with an interval between sessions of 2 to 3 weeks and with 8 sessions in total. In the last session the largest bougie used was 12.8 mm. It is then that taking into account the diagnostic criteria of Kochman, the diagnosis of refractory caustic esophageal stenosis was made. During the period of realization of the dilations with bougies the patient became pregnant, which made difficult the accomplishment of the procedures for the routine use of fluoroscopic control. At 14 weeks of pregnancy, a SX-ELLA uncovered biodegradable esophageal stent of 10 cm length was implanted. We present the case as an alternative and novel management for this type of pathology.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Stents , Absorbable Implants , Esophageal Stenosis/surgery , Burns, Chemical/complications , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced
19.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 297-303, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Absorbable plates are widely used in open reduction and internal fixation surgeries for facial bone fractures. Absorbable plates are made of polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA), polydioxane (PDS), or various combinations of these polymers. The degradation patterns of absorbable plates made from different polymers and clinical courses of patients treated with such plates have not been fully identified. This study aimed to confirm the clinical courses of facial bone fracture patients using absorbable plates and compare the degradation patterns of the plates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 47 cases in 46 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation surgery using absorbable plates to repair facial bone fractures. All surgeries used either PLA/PGA composite-based or poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite-based absorbable plates and screws. Clinical courses were confirmed and comparisons were conducted based on direct observation. RESULTS: There were no naturally occurring foreign body reactions. Post-traumatic inflammatory responses occurred in eight patients (nine cases), in which six recovered naturally with conservative treatment. The absorbable plates were removed from two patients. PLA/PGA composite-based absorbable plates degraded into fragments with non-uniform, sharp surfaces whereas PLLA/HA composite-based absorbable plates degraded into a soft powder. CONCLUSION: PLA/PGA composite-based and PLLA/HA composite-based absorbable plates showed no naturally occurring foreign body reactions and showed different degradation patterns. The absorbable plate used for facial bone fracture surgery needs to be selected in consideration of its degradation patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorbable Implants , Bone Plates , Facial Bones , Foreign Bodies , Hydroxyapatites , Polyglycolic Acid , Polymers , Retrospective Studies
20.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 233-238, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The open reduction of craniofacial bone fractures requires internal fixation using metal plates and screws, which have been considered the gold standard. However, metal implants pose a risk of palpation, protrusion, and foreign body reaction, and they may require an additional operation for removal. Recently, good results have been reported for absorbable implants which complement the disadvantages of metal implants. This study presents the results of using absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate for more accurate and firmer fixation of comminuted fractures of the maxilla. METHODS: In total, 235 patients underwent operations for comminuted fractures of the maxilla. From January 2012 to December 2014, absorbable mesh and screws were used in 114 patients, while from January 2015 to December 2017, absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate were used in 121 patients. Open reduction of the bone fragments was performed, after which absorbable implants were accurately molded and fixed by screws. RESULTS: All patients underwent postoperative computed tomography scans, which showed highly accurate reduction and firm fixation in the patients who underwent procedures using absorbable implants, screws, and cyanoacrylate. There were no postoperative complications or cases of abnormal facial contour. CONCLUSION: When absorbable implants and screws are used for maxillary fractures, no additional surgery to remove the metal plate is required. In addition, the use of cyanoacrylate enables accurate and firm fixation of the tiny bone fragments that cannot be fixed with screws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorbable Implants , Complement System Proteins , Cyanoacrylates , Foreign-Body Reaction , Fractures, Bone , Fractures, Comminuted , Fungi , Maxilla , Maxillary Fractures , Palpation , Postoperative Complications
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