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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367130

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones en las manos causadas por amoladora son comunes y generalmente ocurren en adultos jóvenes. En países en desarrollo, el ámbito doméstico y el trabajo informal son los escenarios más frecuentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir factores asociados a las lesiones por amoladora, y cuantificar y clasificar las heridas, según la gravedad y la región anatómica de la mano involucrada. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico, retrospectivo. Entre 2016 y 2020, estudiamos a los pacientes con heridas de mano causadas por amoladora. Se analizaron el nivel educativo, la experiencia con la herramienta, el material cortado, el uso de equipo de protección personal, la edad y el sexo. Para determinar el patrón de las lesiones se realizó un análisis clínico-anatómico y radiológico detallado e individualizado. La gravedad fue evaluada con el Hand Injury Severity Score. Resultados: Se evaluó a928 pacientes (920 hombres y 8 mujeres, edad promedio 42 años). Solo el 22,4% usaba equipo de protección personal en el momento del accidente. El 84,5% (776 casos) realizaba tareas inusuales para la que esta herramienta no fue diseñada. La mano más afectada fue la izquierda (62,06%). En 784 pacientes, las heridas involucraban los dedos, el patrón de asociación predominante fue entre el 2do y 3er dedo (54,44%). Las lesiones fueron leves (24,1%), moderadas (41,3%), graves (26%) y mayores (8,6%). Conclusiones: Las lesiones por amoladora pueden resultar devastadoras. Una actualización epidemiológica reforzaría la necesidad de desarrollar métodos preventivos con el fin de disminuir su alta incidencia. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Hand injuries caused by angle grinders are frequent and generally take place among young adults. In developing countries, the domestic and informal work environments are the most frequent places where this could happen. The present study is aimed at describing associated factors to these types of injuries. Lesions were quantified and classified according to the sever-ity and anatomic region of the hand involved. Methods: An epidemiologic, retrospective study was performed between 2016 and 2020. The patients' level of education, previous experience using the machine, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), sex, and age were analyzed. To determine the pattern of the injuries, a clinical-anatomical and a detailed and individualized radiological analysis were performed on each patient. The severity was measured using the "Hand Injury Severity Score" (HISS). Results: 928 patients were studied (920 men, 8 women, average age of 42 years [range 18-67]). Only 22.4% were wearing PPE at the time of the accident. 776 participants were performing tasks for which the tool was not intended (84.5%). The left hand was the most af-fected (60%). In 784 patients, the injuries involved their fingers (84.48%); the predominant pattern was the index and middle finger (55%). According to the HISS, 24.1% were minor injuries, 41.3% were moderate, 26% were serious, and 8.6% were severe. Con-clusions: Injuries caused by an angle grinder can be devastating. We believe that an epidemiological update is likely to increase the need to develop preventive methods to decrease its high incidence. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Tendon Injuries , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Finger Injuries , Hand Injuries , Amputation, Traumatic
2.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210005, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156021

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar a incidência e a tendência temporal dos acidentes de trabalho típicos na indústria têxtil e de confecção de Santa Catarina no período de 2008 a 2017. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo baseado nos dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS). A tendência temporal foi analisada por meio do cálculo da mudança média anual e da regressão logística. Resultados: Houve tendência de queda na incidência de acidentes de trabalho em Santa Catarina no período estudado (8,8%). Observaram-se as maiores taxas de acidentes no ano de 2008 entre homens (12,6%), trabalhadores com faixa de idade entre 40 e 49 anos (6,7%), negros (7,4%), pessoas com menos de 12 anos de estudo (5,0%), com remuneração média de 3 a 7 salários mínimos (7,0%), com até quatro anos de tempo de emprego (6,9%), trabalhadores da fabricação de produtos têxteis (10,3%), estabelecimentos de médio porte (100 a 499 trabalhadores) (7,9%) e nas regiões da Grande Florianópolis (7,0%) e Vale do Itajaí (6,8%). Conclusões: O risco de acidente de trabalho típico caiu significativamente ao longo do período. Contudo futuros estudos são necessários para analisar novas relações que possam apontar outros fatores associados. Espera-se que este estudo possa contribuir para subsidiar ações de prevenção, promoção, proteção e reabilitação da saúde dos trabalhadores desse setor produtivo.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the incidence and time trend of typical work accidents in the textile and clothing industry in Santa Catarina from 2008 to 2017. Methods: This was a retrospective epidemiological study based on data from the Annual Social Information Report (RAIS). The time trend was analyzed by calculating the average annual change and logistic regression. Results: There was a downward trend in the incidence of occupational accidents in Santa Catarina during the period studied (8.8%). The highest incidence occurred in 2008 among men (12.6%), workers aged between 40 and 49 years (6.7%), black people (7.4%), people with less than 12 years of education (5.0%), with an average income of 3 to 7 minimum wages (7.0%), with up to 4 years of employment (6.9%), workers in the manufacture of textile products (10, 3%), medium-sized establishments (that is, between 100 and 499 workers; 7.9%) and in the regions of Greater Florianópolis (7.0%) and Vale do Itajaí (6.8%). Conclusions: The risk for typical occupational accidents dropped significantly over the period studied. However, future studies are needed to analyze new relationships that may point to other associated factors. It is hoped that this study can contribute to support measures for the prevention, promotion, protection and rehabilitation of the health of workers in this production sector.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Textiles , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Clothing , Manufacturing Industry , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1122-1128, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255049

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos acidentes com exposição a material biológico ocorridos em Minas Gerais. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico, descritivo e transversal realizado por meio da consulta do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação dos municípios do norte de Minas Gerais, no período de 2008-2012. Resultados: dentre os 56 municípios investigados 28 notificaram 1025 acidentes, 46,1% ocorreram entre técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem, 14,7% por estudantes e pelos médicos com 11,6% das ocorrências. Houve predomínio dos acidentes com profissionais de 30 a 39 anos, em procedimentos cirúrgicos, descarte inadequado de materiais perfuro cortantes e administração de medicamentos. Verificou-se que a exposição percutânea, o sangue como material orgânico e agulhas como agente. Conclusão: as causas dos acidentes mais comumente estão diretamente relacionadas com a maneira em executar as atividades no decorrer do trabalho, desencadeadas por ineficiência dos equipamentos de proteção individuais ou coletivos, percebe-se a fragilidade no cumprimento da norma regulamentadora


Objective:To describe the profile of accidents with exposure to biological material that occurred in Minas Gerais. Methods: an epidemiological, descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out by consulting the Notification Disease Information System of the municipalities of northern Minas Gerais, from 2008-2012. Results: among the 56 municipalities investigated 28 reported 1025 accidents, 46.1% occurred among technicians and nursing assistants, 14.7% by students and doctors with 11.6% of occurrences. There was a predominance of accidents with professionals aged 30 to 39 years, in surgical procedures, improper disposal of sharps and administration of medication. Percutaneous exposure, blood as organic material and needles as agent were found. Conclusion: the causes of accidents most commonly are directly related to the way to perform activities during work, triggered by inefficiency of individual or collective protective equipment, it is perceived the weakness in compliance with the regulatory standard


Objetivo: Describir el perfil de accidentes con exposición a material biológico ocurridos en Minas Gerais. Métodos: un estudio epidemiológico, descriptivo y transversal realizado mediante la consulta del Sistema de Información de Enfermedades de Notificación de los municipios del norte de Minas Gerais, de 2008 a 2012. Resultados: entre los 56 municipios investigados, 28 reportaron 1025 accidentes, 46.1% ocurrieron entre técnicos y auxiliares de enfermería, 14.7% por estudiantes y médicos con 11.6% de incidentes. Predominaron los accidentes con profesionales de 30 a 39 años, en procedimientos quirúrgicos, eliminación inadecuada de objetos punzantes y administración de medicamentos. Se encontraron exposición percutánea, sangre como material orgánico y agujas como agente. Conclusión: las causas de accidentes más comúnmente están directamente relacionadas con la forma de realizar actividades durante el trabajo, desencadenadas por la ineficiencia de los equipos de protección individuales o colectivos, se percibe la debilidad en el cumplimiento de la norma reguladora


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Needlestick Injuries/epidemiology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Biological Accidents and Events , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Health Information Systems
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(1): 79-85, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099391

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Occupational accidents are a complex phenomenon and a major public health problem. Occupational health surveillance actions are essential for prevention of injuries of this nature. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of and the variables associated with occupational accidents in the city of Itajubá (MG). DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, based on a household survey with random sampling, was conducted in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Itajubá (MG). METHODS: Questionnaires were applied to 292 people. The data were analyzed by means of logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of occupational accidents was 8.6%. The underreporting rate was 60.0%. The scenario for these accidents, according to the model established through the regression analysis, was most likely to involve males who declared their skin color as white and who did not have a formal employment contract. CONCLUSION: This study makes a contribution towards unveiling the relationship between healthcare and work, and thus serve as support for the development of strategies to prevent underreporting. Lastly, the results provide the basis for future public health intervention actions and for future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Family Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3243, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1058535

ABSTRACT

Objective: to know the prevalence of occupational accidents in children and youth who work with their families in the rural environment and to identify the associated factors. Method: exploratory, descriptive and analytical study with quantitative approach, developed in three rural areas. Participants were 211 children and young people who assisted the family in rural work. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square, Fisher's exact, Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests and multivariate analysis using Poisson regression. Results: the prevalence of self-reported occupational accidents was 55%. It was highlighted: insect bites (44%), burns (40.5%), falls (27.6%), injury with a working tool (16.4%), electric shock (15.5 %), burn by animal (8.6%), animal bite (6.9%) and pesticide poisoning (2.6%). These were related to shared housing, leisure activity - riding a motorcycle, product resulting from lettuce cultivation and use of personal protective equipment. Conclusion: it is believed that these findings may enhance the development of public policies aimed at preserving the health of these children and young people, regulate working conditions and reduce occupational risks in the rural environment.


Objetivo: conhecer a prevalência de acidentes de trabalho em crianças e jovens que trabalham com a família no ambiente rural e identificar os fatores associados. Método: estudo exploratório, descritivo e analítico, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido em três ambientes rurais. Participaram 211 crianças e jovens que auxiliavam a família no trabalho rural. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de questionário semiestruturado. A análise bivariada foi realizada utilizando-se os testes qui-quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fisher, t de Student e Mann-Whitney e análise multivariada, por meio da regressão de Poisson. Resultados: a prevalência de acidentes de trabalho autorreferidos foi de 55%. Destacaram-se: picadas de insetos (44%), queimaduras (40,5%), quedas no ambiente de trabalho (27,6%), lesão com instrumento de trabalho (16,4%), choque elétrico (15,5%), queimadura por animais (8,6%), mordida de animais (6,9%) e intoxicação por uso de agrotóxicos (2,6%). Esses relacionaram-se com moradia mista, atividade de lazer - andar de motocicleta, produto resultante do cultivo de alface e uso de equipamentos de proteção individual. Conclusão: acredita-se que esses achados possam incrementar o desenvolvimento de políticas públicas direcionadas à manutenção da saúde dessas crianças e jovens, ao controle das condições de trabalho e à redução dos riscos ocupacionais no ambiente rural.


Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de accidentes de trabajo en niños y jóvenes que trabajan con la familia en ambiente rural e identificar los factores asociados. Método: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo y analítico, con abordaje cuantitativo, desarrollado en tres ambientes rurales. Participaron 211 niños y jóvenes que auxiliaban a la familia en el trabajo rural. La recolección de datos fue realizada por medio de cuestionario semiestructurado. El análisis bivariado fue realizado utilizando las pruebas: Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, exacta de Fisher, t de Student y Mann-Whitney y el análisis multivariado, por medio de la regresión de Poisson. Resultados: la prevalencia de accidentes de trabajo auto relatados fue de 55%. Se destacaron: picadas de insectos (44%), quemaduras (40,5%), caídas en el ambiente de trabajo (27,6%), lesión con instrumento de trabajo (16,4%), choque eléctrico (15,5%), quemadura por animales (8,6%), mordida de animales (6,9%) e intoxicación por uso de pesticidas (2,6%). Esos se relacionaron con vivienda mixta, actividad de ocio (andar de motocicleta), cultivo de lechuga y uso de equipamientos de protección individual. Conclusión: se piensa que esos hallazgos podrían incrementar el desarrollo de políticas públicas dirigidas a la manutención de la salud de esos niños y jóvenes, al control de las condiciones de trabajo y a la reducción de los riesgos ocupacionales en el ambiente rural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Child Labor , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence
6.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 34: e37056, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1137045

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: quantificar a subnotificação e motivos do não registro dos acidentes de trabalho com material biológico de técnicos de enfermagem em hospital universitário. Método: pesquisa de corte transversal quantitativa com proporção amostral de 25%. Participaram 275 profissionais de 9 unidades que responderam questionário sobre risco ocupacional. Resultados: foram relatados 747 acidentes, sendo 71% não notificados. As variáveis: horário de trabalho, unidades e tipos de exposição foram correlacionadas estatisticamente à subnotificação (p < 0,05). Os motivos para não registro: "Quem trabalha na enfermagem sofre acidente com material biológico" apresentou 3,5 vezes mais chances de subnotificar acidente percutâneo com sangue; e "A saída pode sobrecarregar colegas de trabalho" teve 2,3 vezes mais chances de subnotificar acidente mucocutâneo. Conclusão: as subnotificações dos acidentes foram 2,4 vezes maiores que as notificações, com predomínio da exposição mucocutânea e os principais motivos foram relacionados à pouca percepção sobre o risco ocupacional e a sobrecarga de trabalho.


Objetivo: cuantificar la sub-notificación y las razones para no registrar accidentes de trabajo con material biológico de técnicos de enfermería en un hospital universitario. Método: investigación transversal cuantitativa con una proporción de muestra del 25%. Los participantes fueron 275 profesionales de nueve unidades que respondieron un cuestionario sobre el riesgo laboral. Resultados: se notificaron 747 accidentes, 71% de los cuales no fueron reportados. Las variables: horas de trabajo, unidades y tipos de exposición se correlacionaron estadísticamente con la sub-notificación (p< 0.05). Las razones para no registrar: "Quienes trabajan en enfermería sufren accidentes con material biológico" fueron 3,5 veces más propensas a sub-reportar accidente de sangre percutáneo; y "La producción puede sobrecargar a los compañeros de trabajo" era 2,3 veces más probable que notificara un accidente mucocutáneo. Conclusión: la sub-notificación de accidentes fue 2,4 veces mayor que las notificaciones, con predominio de la exposición mucocutánea y las principales razones estaban relacionadas con la baja percepción del riesgo laboral y la sobrecarga de trabajo.


Objective: to quantify the underreporting and reasons for not recording occupational accidents with biological material of nursing technicians in a university hospital. Method: quantitative cross-sectional research with a sample proportion of 25%. Participants were 275 professionals from nine units who answered a questionnaire about occupational risk. Results: 747 accidents were reported, 71% of which were not reported. The variables: working hours, units and types of exposure were statistically correlated with underreporting (p< 0.05). The reasons for not recording: "Nursing work leads to accidents with biological material" were 3.5 times more likely to underreport percutaneous blood accident; and "Leaving the unit can overload co-workers" was 2.3 times more likely to report mucocutaneous accident. Conclusion: the underreporting of accidents was 2.4 times higher than the notifications, with predominance of mucocutaneous exposure and the main reasons were related to the low perception of occupational risk and work overload.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Risks , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Notification , Biohazard Release , Licensed Practical Nurses , Occupational Health Nursing , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Health , Hospitals, University
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20180495, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057275

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to document injuries caused by fish among professional fishermen in the Western Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: We undertook a descriptive, retrospective study, involving 51 professional fishermen, to determine clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic aspects of their injuries. RESULTS: Among 51 fishermen interviewed, most injuries were due to mandi (Pimelodus spp.), and the hands were the most injured region, resulting in pain and bleeding in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings confirm the morbidity of fish-related injuries, and reaffirm the need for relevant information regarding prevention and injury management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Bites and Stings/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Fish Venoms/poisoning , Fisheries/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Interviews as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4123-4132, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039523

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência e os fatores associados aos acidentes de trabalho entre profissionais da limpeza hospitalar. Foram entrevistados 199 trabalhadores da limpeza de seis hospitais em São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. Primeiramente, realizou-se análise univariada e, posteriormente, utilizaram-se as análises de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta, com modelagem hierarquizada dos dados a fim de estimar razões de prevalências (RP) entre as variáveis independentes e o desfecho (acidentes de trabalho). Houve prevalência de 13,57% de acidentes de trabalho, destes, 81,48% ocorridos com materiais perfurocortantes. Ao final da análise multivariada, identificaram-se fatores associados á ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho: idade de 18 a 30 anos, ter ensino médio incompleto, tempo de serviço de 2 a 5 anos, segregação inadequada dos resíduos de serviços de saúde (RSS), ter capacitação somente na admissão, não considerar os riscos dos resíduos à saúde e o não uso de equipamento de proteção individual (EPI). Os fatores avaliados apresentaram-se associados significativamente aos acidentes de trabalho e ressaltam a importância da educação permanente em saúde, com ênfase em capacitações periódicas e uso de EPI.


Abstract The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with workplace accidents among hospital cleaning professionals. This is a cross-sectional, analytical study of a sample of 199 cleaning workers at six hospitals in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. We first ran a univariate analysis, and later the Poisson regression analyzes with robust variance were used, with hierarchized modeling of the data in order to estimate the prevalence ratios (PR) between the independent variables and the outcome (workplace accidents). The prevalence of workplace accidents is 13.57%, 81.48% of them with sharps. At the end of the multivariate analysis the following were found to be associated with workplace accidents: age between 18 and 30, not having a high-school degree, on the job for 2 to 5 years, inadequate segregation of health service waste (HSW), training only on admission, failure to consider the health hazards of hospital waste and failure to use personal protective equipment (PPE). Our findings reinforce the importance of continued health education, stressing periodic training and the use of PPE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Personnel, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , Housekeeping, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Educational Status , Employment/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 737-743, May.-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013544

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze occupational accidents with exposure of nursing technicians to biological material in a school hospital. Method: nursing technicians were invited to answer a questionnaire related to occupational accidents with biological material. Results: 275 professionals from 9 hospital units participated. 76% reported having suffered an accident and the variables "age group" and "employment regime" showed a significant association for accidents (p<0.05). Those hired by the Consolidation of Labor Laws (CLT - Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho) employment regime were 3.5 times more likely to suffer accidents (p=0.04) and institutional capacity building did not show statistical significance (p>0.05). Conclusion: the increase in the number of training did not ensure the reduction of occupational accidents with biological material; and nursing technicians under the age of 30 were more vulnerable. Professionals with a CLT labor contract were more affected than the statutory employees.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la ocurrencia de accidentes de trabajo con la exposición de técnicos de enfermería a material biológico en un hospital escuela. Método: los profesionales fueron invitados a responder un cuestionario relacionado con la ocurrencia de accidentes de trabajo con material biológico. Resultados: participaron 275 profesionales de 9 unidades del hospital El 76% declaró haber sufrido algún accidente y las variables "grupo de edad" y "formas de trabajo" mostraron una asociación significativa para la ocurrencia de accidentes (p<0,05). Los contratados por la forma de trabajo bajo la Consolidación de las Leyes del Trabajo (CLT) presentaron 3,5 más probabilidades de sufrir accidentes (p=0,04) y la capacitación institucional no demostró significancia estadística (p>0,05). Conclusión: el aumento del número de capacitaciones no ha asegurado la disminución de los accidentes de trabajo con material biológico; y los técnicos de enfermería menores de 30 años fueron más vulnerables. Los profesionales con vínculo laborista en la CLT se accidentaron más que los estatutarios.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho com exposição a material biológico de técnicos de enfermagem em um hospital escola. Método: técnicos de enfermagem foram convidados a responder um questionário relacionado à ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho com material biológico. Resultados: participaram 275 profissionais de 9 unidades do hospital. 76% declararam ter sofrido acidente e as variáveis "faixa etária" e "regime de trabalho" mostraram associação significativa para ocorrência de acidentes (p < 0,05). Os contratados pelo regime de trabalho pela Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho (CLT) apresentaram 3,5 mais chances de sofrerem acidentes (p=0,04) e a capacitação institucional não demonstrou significância estatística (p > 0,05). Conclusão: o aumento do número de capacitações não assegurou a diminuição dos acidentes de trabalho com material biológico; e os técnicos de enfermagem com idade inferior a 30 anos foram mais vulneráveis. Os profissionais com vínculo trabalhista celetista acidentaram-se mais que os servidores estatutários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Nursing Assistants/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(3): 707-712, abr.-maio 2019. il, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-988183

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's goal has been to analyze, through the Ishikawa Diagram, the causes and solutions of HIV infection in nursing professionals due to sharps handling. Methods: It is a literature review based on the Construction of the Ishikawa Diagram, which was carried out in May 2017 in the PubMed and Virtual Health Library databases. Results: The following are the main causes of HIV infection through sharps: work overload, perception of frail risk, careless use of needles, lack of training. Regarding the solutions: adequate post-exposure management, implementing and monitoring compliance with biosafety standards, improving the notification of accidents with sharps. Conclusion: There is a need to alerting managers towards intervening in the factors that might trigger accidents with sharp materials by the nursing team


Objetivo: Analisar por meio do Diagrama de Ishikawa as causas e soluções da infecção ao HIV adquirida por profissionais de enfermagem no manuseio de materiais perfurocortantes. Métodos: Revisão da literatura baseada na Construção do Diagrama de Ishikawa, realizado em maio de 2017 nas bases de dados Pubmed e Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde. Resultados: Dentre as causas da infecção ao HIV através de perfurocortantes: sobrecarga de trabalho, percepção de risco fragilizada, utilização descuidada de agulhas, ausência de treinamento. Quanto às soluções: gestão pós exposição adequada, implementar e fiscalizar o cumprimento das normas de biossegurança, aprimorar a notificação de acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes. Conclusão: Destaca-se a necessidade de sensibilizar gestores para intervir nos fatores que podem desencadear acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes pela equipe de enfermagem


Objetivo: Analizar por medio del Diagrama de Ishikawa las causas y soluciones de la infección al VIH adquirida por profesionales de enfermería en el manejo de materiales punzocortantes. Métodos: Revisión de la literatura basada en la construcción del diagrama de Ishikawa, realizado en mayo de 2017 en las bases de datos Pubmed y Biblioteca Virtual de Salud.Resultados: Entre las causas de la infección por el VIH a través de punzocortantes: sobrecarga de trabajo, percepción de riesgo fragilizada, utilización descuidada de agujas, ausencia de entrenamiento. En cuanto a las soluciones: gestión post exposición adecuada, implementar y fiscalizar el cumplimiento de las normas de bioseguridad, mejorar la notificación de accidentes con materiales punzocortantes. Conclusión: Se destaca la necesidad de sensibilizar a los gestores para intervenir en los factores que pueden desencadenar accidentes con materiales punzocortantes por el equipo de enfermería


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds, Stab/etiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , HIV/pathogenicity , Nursing, Team , Precipitating Factors , Risk Factors , Occupational Health , Containment of Biohazards
11.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271848

ABSTRACT

Les accidents du travail (AT) sont fréquents et s'accompagnent souvent de lourdes conséquences pour l'individu, la communauté et l'employeur, occasionnant dans certains cas des séquelles dont il faut déterminer le taux d'incapacité permanente partielle (IPP). L'étude était transversale et analytique. Elle s'est déroulée sur une période de cinq années allant de 2012 à 2016, et a concerné tous les dossiers complets d'accidents du travail avec Incapacité Permanente Partielle AT/IPP enregistrés à la Direction régionale de Ouagadougou de la Caisse Nationale de Sécurité Sociale. Les résultats descriptifs ont été présentés sous forme univariée et bivariée. L'échantillon était constitué de 221 cas d'AT/IPP extraits parmi les dossiers d'AT déclarés à Ouagadougou, soit un taux de 4,49 % (221/4922). L'échantillon était constitué de 54 femmes (24,4 3%) et 167 hommes (75,57 %). L'âge moyen était de 40,09 ± 8,8 ans (16 - 62 ans), avec une sinistralité plus fréquente dans le secteur des « services fournis à la collectivité, services sociaux et services personnels » (38,46 %). Plus de 2/3 des cas étaient des « employés » (67,42 %). Les accidents de trajet constituaient la majorité des sinistres (62 %). Ils survenaient en matinée entre 6 heures et 8 heures (45,25 %) et le véhicule de transport était le principal élément agent matériel causal (64,71 %). Les AT/IPP ont causé des fractures des membres (48,88 %) et entrainé 110 cas d'impotence fonctionnelle (49 %) et en moyenne 103 journées de travail perdues (3 - 848 jours). La prévention des AT/IPP devra intégrer des modules sur la sécurité routière


Subject(s)
Accidents, Occupational/prevention & control , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Accidents, Traffic , Burkina Faso , Fracture Dislocation , Professional Impairment , Social Security
12.
Clinics ; 74: e1076, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Machinery injuries account for a substantial share of traumatic upper limb injuries (TULIs) affecting young active individuals. This study is based on the hypothesis that there is an important relationship between the improper use of power saws and TULIs. The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence and epidemiology of TULIs caused by power saws and determine the risks related to power saw use. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation of medical records from a two-year period was performed. Patients sustaining TULIs related to power saws were analyzed. Data on the epidemiology, site of injury, mechanism of trauma, technical specifications of the tool, cutting material, personal protective equipment, time lost and return to work were obtained. RESULTS: A database search retrieved 193 TULI records, of which 104 were related to power saws. The majority of patients were male (102/104; 98.1%), right-handed (97/104; 93.3%), and manual workers (46/104; 44.2%), with an average age of 46.8 years. The thumb was the most frequently injured site (32/93; 34.4%). Most of the injuries were caused by manual saws (85/104; 81.7%), and masonry saws accounted for 68.2% (58/85) of the cases. Masonry saws improperly used for woodwork resulted in 86.2% (50/58) of the injuries. TULI caused by masonry saws was 5 times higher in manual workers than in other patients. In addition, masonry saws had a risk of kickback 15 times higher than that of other saws, and the risk of injury increased by 5.25 times when the saws were used improperly for wood cutting. CONCLUSIONS: The profile of TULIs related to power saws was demonstrated and was mainly associated with manual saws operated by manual workers that inappropriately used masonry saws for woodworking.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Equipment Failure/statistics & numerical data , Forearm Injuries/etiology , Hand Injuries/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Forearm Injuries/epidemiology , Hand Injuries/epidemiology
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180195, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041513

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We present here the risk from snakebites because of palm extractivism in western Amazonia. METHODS: The data were extracted from a cross-sectional sample study, from January 2016 to April 2018, at the Juruá Regional Hospital of Cruzeiro do Sul (Acre). RESULTS: There were 14 Bothrops incidents involving males, most of them occurring during the harvesting of "açaí" (Euterpe precatoria). CONCLUSIONS: During the harvesting of "açaí," there is the risk of the presence of B. atrox on the ground near the palm tree, and of B. bilineatus at the top of the palm tree.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Snake Bites/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Bothrops/classification , Euterpe , Fruit , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
14.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 92 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1005976

ABSTRACT

Os acidentes de trabalho com exposição a materiais biológicos representam graves riscos aos profissionais em seu local de trabalho, devido a possibilidade de contaminação por doenças infecciosas, podendo causar incapacidades temporárias e/ou permanentes, com acometimento de ordem física e/ou mental. Apesar de muitos profissionais da saúde, que atuam dentro do ambiente hospitalar estarem expostos ao elevado grau de riscos ocupacionais, outras categorias também se contaminam e notificam o acidente. Há uma escassez de dados sistematizados e de estudos de base populacional que traduzam a realidade de várias cidades brasileiras. Por este motivo, o estudo tem como objetivo analisar as características dos acidentes de trabalho com material biológico notificados na cidade de Belo Horizonte. Tratou-se de um estudo epidemiológico transversal e de série temporal. Foram incluídos todos os acidentes ocupacionais com material biológico notificados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) no período de 2008 a 2017 que corresponderam a 9.508 casos. Os resultados mostraram que 72,51% dos registros das ocupações dos acidentados ocorreram com profissionais de saúde e 19% com profissionais de outras categorias (não saúde). As notificações de acidentes por via percutânea apresentaram maior prevalência durante o descarte inadequado de materiais e, por via mucosa, durante os procedimentos cirúrgicos/ odontológicos no modelo uni e multivariado. Na análise de tendência, a proporção da abertura de CAT entre profissionais da saúde apresentou um aumento significativo em relação às outras categorias profissionais não relacionadas à saúde. Observou-se um avanço no registro das informações ao longo dos anos do estudo. É fundamental que as instituições hospitalares e empregadores de todas as categorias profissionais planejem ações voltadas para a execução de práticas seguras e que minimizem o risco às exposições. Além disso, é preciso que os gestores orientem corretamente seus trabalhadores e incentivem a notificação do acidente.(AU)


Work accidents with biological materials represent serious risks to professionals at their workplace, due to the possibility of contamination by infectious diseases, and may cause temporary and/or permanent incapacities with physical and/or mental impairment. Although many health professionals working within the hospital environment are exposed to a high degree of occupational hazards, other categories can also be contaminated and report the accident. There is a shortage of systematized data and population-based studies that reflect the Brazilian cities reality. For this reason, the study aims to analyze the characteristics of work accidents with biological material reported in the city of Belo Horizonte. This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study. All the occupational accidents with biological material reported in the SINAN Information System for the period from 2008 to 2017, which corresponded to 9,508 cases, were included. The results showed that 72.51% of the records of occupations of accidents occurred with health professionals and 19% with professionals from other categories (non-health). The reports of percutaneous accidents showed a higher prevalence during the inadequate discard of materials and mucosa during surgical/dental procedures in the uni and multivariate model. In the trend analysis, the proportion of CAT openness among health professionals showed a significant increase compared to other non-health professional categories. There was an improvement in the information record throughout the study years. It is essential that hospital institutions and employers of all professional categories plan actions aimed at implementing safe practices that minimize risk to exposures. In addition, managers need to advised their employees and encourage them to notify it.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Health Personnel , Socioeconomic Factors , Occupational Accidents Registry , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Academic Dissertation
15.
Salud colect ; 14(4): 695-711, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985866

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En la Argentina, en las últimas décadas, la actividad forestal ha evidenciado una importante expansión promovida por el Estado a través de incentivos que alentaron la implantación de especies forestales. En este artículo se examinan las condiciones laborales de un número de trabajadores forestales de las tres principales provincias productoras de madera de la Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones y Entre Ríos). Con los datos de la Encuesta sobre Empleo, Protección Social y Condiciones de Trabajo de los Asalariados Agrarios se efectuó un procesamiento y análisis de la información referida a los trabajadores forestales de las provincias mencionadas (n=113). A su vez, la realización de entrevistas en profundidad a trabajadores (n=30) y contratistas forestales (n=8), entre 2010 y 2014, contribuyó a explicar el fenómeno estudiado en su totalidad. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que más del 50% de los trabajadores considera estar expuesto a condiciones desfavorables del medio ambiente físico de trabajo. El 16% ha tenido un accidente laboral en el último año. La alta precariedad de este tipo de empleo, sumada a las formas de contratación (tercerización), dificulta la identificación de acciones a seguir para revertir los procesos analizados.


ABSTRACT In the last decades in Argentina, forestry activity has seen an important expansion, promoted by the State through incentives encouraging the implantation of forest species. This article examines the working conditions of a number of forestry workers in the three main timber producing provinces of Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones and Entre Ríos). Using data from the Survey on Employment, Social Protection and Labor Conditions of Salaried Agricultural Workers, information on forest workers of the aforementioned provinces was processed and analyzed (n=113). In addition, in-depth interviews with workers (n=30) and forest contractors (n=8), carried out from 2010-2014, contributed to the explanation of the studied phenomenon as a whole. The results show that more than 50% of workers consider themselves exposed to unfavorable conditions in the physical working environment, with 16% having had a work accident in the last year. The high precariousness of this type of employment, in conjunction with the forms of contracting (outsourcing), makes it difficult to identify actions to be taken to reverse the processes analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data , Forestry , Argentina , Risk , Interviews as Topic
16.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 10(4): 977-985, out.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-915854

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Realizar levantamento de acidentes com material perfurocortantes. Método: Exploratório e documental com abordagem quantitativa com levantamento de fichas de notificação entre 2009 e 2015, em um hospital público em São Luís do Maranhão. Resultados: Predominou o sexo feminino, média de idade de 28 anos, ensino médio completo; os mais acometidos, técnicos de Enfermagem e serventes de limpeza. Sangue é o material mais comum; descarte inadequado de material e punções venosas, como circunstâncias; agulhas e lâminas de bisturi, os mais envolvidos; exposição percutânea com grande incidência; EPIs são muito usados; na maioria, não houve necessidade de quimioprofilaxia; a Comunicação de Acidente de Trabalho foi emitida na maioria dos casos. Conclusão: Os dados permitiram identificar grupo de profissionais mais vulneráveis, exigindo maior atenção nas estratégias de prevenção de acidentes


Objective: To perform a survey of accidents with sharps. Method: Exploratory and documental with quantitative approach consisting of the collection of notification cards between 2009 and 2015, in a public hospital in the city of São Luís Maranhão. Results: Predominated females, with a mean age of 28 years, complete secondary education; the most affected, nursing technicians and cleaners. Blood is the most common organic material; inappropriate disposal of venipuncture material and punctures, such as circumstances; needles and scalpel blades, the most involved; percutaneous exposure with high incidence; PPE are heavily used; in most cases there was no need for chemoprophylaxis; the Work Accident Communication was issued in most cases. Conclusion: The data allowed identifying a group of more vulnerable professionals, being necessary more attention in the strategies of prevention of accidents with this material


Objetivo: Realizar un estudio de material de lesiones cortopunzantes. Método: Exploratoria y documental con enfoque cuantitativo con las formas de presentación de informes de la encuesta entre los años 2009 y 2015 en un hospital público de San Luis. Resultados: La hembra dominante, con una edad media de 28 años, secundaria completa; los más afectados, técnicos de enfermería y personal de limpieza. La sangre es el material más común; la eliminación inadecuada de los materiales y la punción venosa como las circunstancias; agujas y hojas de bisturí, el más implicado; exposición percutánea con tasas altas; EPP son ampliamente utilizados; en la mayor parte no había ninguna necesidad de quimioprofilaxis; el parte de accidente de trabajo se publicó en la mayoría de los casos. Conclusión: Los datos indican grupo de la mayoría de los trabajadores vulnerables, exigiendo una mayor atención en las estrategias de prevención de accidentes. Palabras clave: riesgos ocupacionales, la perforación, la exposición a agentes biológicos de salud ocupacional


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Accidents and Events with Hazardous Materials , Accidents, Occupational/prevention & control , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Risks , Risk Factors
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 700-704, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041488

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Injuries caused by fish are common in the Pantanal, a flooded area in Midwestern Brazil. METHODS A survey was conducted to identify venomous and trauma-inducing fish and the incidence of such injuries in a local fishing community. RESULTS The injuries were caused by catfish, freshwater stingrays, and piranhas. All fishermen had suffered injuries, and nearly 30% had recent injuries. CONCLUSIONS A leaflet and discussions decreased the injuries (only two were recorded in the next year). The campaign educated fishermen about prevention of and first aid for injuries. Similar campaigns will be performed in other communities of the Pantanal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Bites and Stings/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Fish Venoms/poisoning , Fisheries/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(9): 3055-3066, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952753

ABSTRACT

Resumo O Sistema de Vigilância de Acidentes de Trabalho (SIVAT), implantado pelo Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador de Piracicaba (CEREST-Piracicaba), em 2003, constitui-se em experiência consolidada de acordo com as diretrizes da Rede Nacional de Atenção Integral em Saúde do Trabalhador (RENAST). Este artigo visa analisar a história e o desenvolvimento do SIVAT, baseando-se na teoria da atividade histórico-cultural. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, nas modalidades estudo de caso e pesquisa documental. Foram identificados dois ciclos de desenvolvimento e expansão do objeto 'vigilância': no primeiro, a ação do serviço visava adequar as empresas à legislação vigente; no segundo, objetivava a reorientação no que tange aos determinantes organizacionais, identificados pela equipe como associados à acidentalidade, mas não acatados pelas organizações. Para alcançar o objeto da prevenção, vislumbra-se uma nova modalidade de intervenção formativa - o Laboratório de Mudança (LM) - baseada na articulação entre a elaboração do diagnóstico, a remodelagem, a implantação de soluções e o desenvolvimento do protagonismo interno nas organizações.


Abstract The Surveillance System for Occupational Accidents (Sistema de Vigilância em Acidentes de Trabalho - SIVAT) established by Reference Center for Workers' Health (Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador - CEREST-Piracicaba) in 2003 represents an experience consolidated according to the guidelines formulated by the National Network for Integral Care of the Workers' Health (Rede Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde do Trabalhador - RENAST). The present article analyzes the history and development of SIVAT at CEREST - Piracicaba from the perspective of cultural-historical activity theory. The historical data comprise interviews, documents and observations performed by the researchers. Analysis showed that the studied activity underwent two cycles of expansion. During the first cycle, CEREST actions sought to adequate the targeted companies to the legislation in vigor. During the second cycle, actions aimed at introducing changes relative to organizational determinants in the targeted companies that CEREST staff identified as causes of accidents. A new modality of formative intervention, called Change Laboratory (CL), seems to be useful to attain the goal of prevention; it involves analysis of the causes of accidents, activity remodeling and implantation of solutions by developing agency in the targeted organizations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Population Surveillance , Occupational Health , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/prevention & control , Guidelines as Topic , Occupational Health Services/organization & administration
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(5): 1353-1362, Mai. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890584

ABSTRACT

Abstract Agriculture has the highest risk of accidents. In Brazil the reality of this situation is unknown owing to scarcity of studies and underreporting of workplace accidents in rural areas. This article aims to evaluate workplace accident prevalence and associated factors among tobacco farm in Sao Lourenco do Sul-RS, Brazil. Cross-sectional study with 488 tobacco farmers, assessing sociodemographic, behavioural, labour characteristics and association with workplace accidents occurring in their lifetime. The injury prevalence was 24%. Being male (PR 1.62; 95%CI 1.04-2.52), and tenant farmer (PR 1.87; 95%CI 1.29-2.72), bundling tobacco leaves (PR 2.00; 95%CI 1.14-3.52) and having minor psychiatric disorders (PR 1.58; 95%CI 1.06-2.35) were positively associated with accidents. 46% of serious injuries caused superficial lesions and 26% caused fractures. Rural workplace accident prevention policies need to be established, particularly for tobacco farming. Larger studies are needed to understand work process-related aspects that increase the risk of accidents.


Resumo A Agricultura concentra maior risco de acidentes ocupacionais, entretanto sua dimensão é desconhecida pela escassez de estudos brasileiros e subnotificação na área rural. O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a prevalência e os fatores associados aos acidentes de trabalho em fumicultores em São Lourenço Sul-RS. Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 488 fumicultores, avaliando características sociodemográficas, comportamentais, atividades laborais e associação com acidentes de trabalho na vida. Prevalência de acidentes na vida foi de 24%, encontrada associação positiva com sexo masculino (RP1,62IC-95%1,04-2,52), ser arrendatário (RP1,87IC-95%1,29-2,72), realização manocas (RP2,00IC-95%1,14-3,52) e problemas psiquiátricos menores (RP 1,58 IC-95%1,06-2,35). Dentre os acidentes graves, 46% foram superficiais e 26%, fraturas. Necessário implementar políticas preventivas de acidentes laborais na área rural e, em particular, na fumicultura brasileira; avançar na busca da compreensão dos aspectos relacionados ao processo de trabalho impactantes ao risco de acidentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/epidemiology , Farms , Accident Prevention/methods , Tobacco , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/prevention & control , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/prevention & control , Middle Aged
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