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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888120

ABSTRACT

The study aims to investigate the effect of the compatibility of paeonol and paeoniflorin(hereinafter referred to as the compatibility) on the expression of myocardial proteins in rats with myocardial ischemia injury and explore the underlying mechanism of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury. First, the acute myocardial infarction rat model was established by ligation of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. The model rats were given(ig) paeonol and paeoniflorin. Then protein samples were collected from rat cardiac tissue and quantified by tandem mass tags(TMT) to explore the differential proteins after drug intervention. The experimental results showed that differential proteins mainly involved phagocytosis engulfment, extracellular space, and antigen binding, as well as Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathways of complement and coagulation cascades, syste-mic lupus erythematosus, and ribosome. In this study, the target proteins and related signaling pathways identified by differential proteomics may be the biological basis of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury in rats.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Glucosides , Monoterpenes , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828042

ABSTRACT

To explore whether paeonol can play an anti-atherosclerotic role by regulating the expression of aortic caveolin-1 and affecting NF-κB pathway, so as to inhibit the inflammatory response of vascular endothelium in atherosclerotic rats. The atherosclerotic model of rats was induced by high-fat diet and vitamin D_2. The primary culture of vascular endothelial cells(VECs) was carried out by tissue block pre-digestion and adherent method. The injury model of VECs was induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS), and filipin, a small concave protein inhibitor, was added for control. HE staining was used to observe pathological changes of aorta. TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were detected by ELISA. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression levels of caveolin-1 and p65 in aorta and VECs. The results showed that as compared with model group, paeonol significantly reduced aortic plaque area and lesion degree in rats, decreased the level of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in the rats and enhanced the relative expression level of caveolin-1, decreased p65 expression conversely(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In vitro, as compared to model group, paeonol obviously improved cell morphology, decreased the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in VECs, increased caveolin-1 expression, and decreased p65 protein expression(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, filipin could reverse the effect of paeonol on expression of inflammatory factors and proteins(P<0.05 or P<0.01). According to the results, it was found that paeonol could play the role of anti-atherosclerosis by up-regulating the expression of caveolin-1 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB pathway to reduce vascular inflammation in atherosclerotic rats.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Caveolin 1 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Inflammation , NF-kappa B , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827967

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect and mechanism of paeonol on peritoneal macrophage M1 polarization in mice, explore whether the intervention action is related to the down-regulation of miR-155 and the inhibition of downstream JAK1-STAT1 pathway, and provide a new idea for the molecular mechanism of paeonol against atherosclerosis(AS). Lipopolysaccharide(LPS) and interferon-γ(IFN-γ) were used to stimulate macrophages for 24 hours to establish the M1 polarization model, and paeonol was given 24 hours before co-stimulation to provide a pre-protective effect on cells. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cells damage induced by LPS and IFN-γ co-stimulation; flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of M1 surface markers F4/80 and CD86. ELISA was used to detect the secretion of interleukin 6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in supernatant. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-155, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression at JAK1-STAT1-SOCS1 pathway. The results showed that LPS and IFN-γ had no obvious damage to the cells at the optimal concentration, but they induced macrophages polarized to M1, resulted in high expression of M1 type marker factors F4/80 and CD86 on the cell surface, and increased secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α on the cell surface(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Paeonol significantly reduced the LPS and IFN-γ-induced high expression of F4/80 and CD86, the secretion of inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α(P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased the expression level of miR-155, significantly down-regulated the protein phosphorylation level of JAK1-STAT1 and up-regulated the protein expression of SOCS1(P<0.01) in RAW264.7 cells. The results showed that paeonol could inhibit M1 polarization of macrophages by down-regulating cell surface marker factors and inflammatory factors secreted by cells, which may be related to the down-regulation of miR-155 expression and the inhibition JAK1-STAT1 pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Mice , MicroRNAs , STAT1 Transcription Factor
4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(3): 223-238, mayo 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007927

ABSTRACT

Plants of the genera Werneria (Asteraceae) and Xenophyllum (genus extracted from Werneria) are used in traditional medicine of Latin America for the treatment of mountain sickness, hypertension and gastrointestinal disorders. Only a small number of species of these genera have been studied, leading to the isolation of compounds belonging to the classes of benzofurans, chromenes, acetophenones, coumarates, diterpenes and pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Some of the plant extracts and/or compounds have shown antimicrobial, anti-HIV, hypotensive and photoprotective activities.


Las plantas de los géneros Werneria (Asteraceae) y Xenophyllum (género extraido de Werneria) son usadas en la medicina tradicional de América Latina para el tratamiento del mal de montaña, hipertensión y desórdenes gastrointestinales. Solo un pequeño número de especies de estos géneros ha sido investigado, lográndose aislar compuestos que pertenecen a las clases de benzofuranos, cromenos, acetofenonas, cumaratos, diterpenos y alcaloides pirrolizidínicos. Algunos de los extractos y/o compuestos de dichas plantas han mostrado actividades antimicrobianas, anti-HIV, hipotensoras y fotoprotectoras.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Asteraceae/chemistry , Acetophenones/chemistry , Terpenes/analysis , Benzopyrans/chemistry , Flavonoids/chemistry , Chlorogenic Acid/chemistry , Coumaric Acids/chemistry , Alkaloids/chemistry , Altitude Sickness/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medicine, Traditional
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 518-524, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772734

ABSTRACT

The increased levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in granulosa cells (GCs) may affect the pregnancy results in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this study, we compared the in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) results of 22 patients with PCOS and 25 patients with tubal factor infertility and detected the ROS levels in the GCs of these two groups. Results showed that the PCOS group had significantly larger follicles on the administration day for human chorionic gonadotropin than the tubal factor group (P 0.05). PCOS group had slightly lower fertilization, cleavage, grade I/II embryo, clinical pregnancy, and implantation rates and higher miscarriage rate than the tubal factor group (P > 0.05). We further found a significantly higher ROS level of GCs in the PCOS group than in the tubal factor group (P < 0.05). The increased ROS levels in GCs caused GC apoptosis, whereas NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) specific inhibitors (diphenyleneiodonium and apocynin) significantly reduced the ROS production in the PCOS group. In conclusion, the increased ROS expression levels in PCOS GCs greatly induced cell apoptosis, which further affected the oocyte quality and reduced the positive IVF-ET pregnancy results of women with PCOS. NADPH oxidase pathway may be involved in the mechanism of ROS production in GCs of women with PCOS.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Epidemiology , Acetophenones , Therapeutic Uses , Adult , Apoptosis , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Granulosa Cells , Metabolism , Humans , NADPH Oxidases , Onium Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Oocyte Retrieval , Oxidative Stress , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
6.
Bauru; s.n; 2018. 98 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-885097

ABSTRACT

O osteossarcoma (OS) é o tumor maligno primário mais comum do tecido ósseo, caracterizado pela formação de osteócitos anormais. Apesar do avanço nas terapias convencionais (quimioterapia e retirada do tumor), essas não conseguem eliminar totalmente as células tumorais e impedir a progressão da doença. Recentemente, agentes derivados de fontes naturais ganharam considerável atenção por causa de sua segurança, eficácia e disponibilidade imediata. Nesse sentido, a apocinina, inibidor do complexo NADPH-oxidase, vem sendo estudada como agente antitumoral em alguns tipos de câncer como: pâncreas, próstata, pulmão e mama. Apocinina é um pró-fármaco e sua ação parece estar relacionada à sua conversão produzindo a diapocinina, a qual se mostrou mais efetiva do que a apocinina. Portanto, o objetivo desse estudo é avaliar, in vitro, o potencial antitumoral da apocinina e diapocinina em células de osteossarcoma humano. Para isso, foram utilizados osteoblastos humanos normais (HOb) e osteossarcoma humano imortalizadas (SaOS-2) tratados ou não com apocinina e diapocinina em diversas concentrações. Foram realizados os ensaios de viabilidade celular, alterações morfológicas, apoptose celular, produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs), formação de colônias, migração, invasão e expressão do fator indutor de hipóxia-1alfa (HIF-1). Também foram conduzidos ensaios para verificar a atividade de metaloproteinase de matriz (MMP) 2 e 9. Os resultados em SaOS-2 mostraram que o tratamento com apocinina nas concentrações de 1,5 e 3 mM; e diapocinina nas concentrações de 0,75 e 1,5 mM reduziram a viabilidade; aumentaram o número de células em apoptose e diminuíram a produção de EROs; sem causar danos às células HOb. Além disso, essas mesmas concentrações inibiram a migração e invasão celular; diminuíram a expressão de HIF-1; e reduziram a atividade de MMP-2 em SaOS-2. Considerando os resultados obtidos, concluímos que a apocinina e diapocinina podem atuar como possíveis moduladores de células tumorais, sendo que a diapocinina mostrou ser mais efetiva nos parâmetros testados.(AU)


Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone tissue, characterized by the formation of abnormal osteocytes. Despite advances in conventional therapies (chemotherapy and surgery) they cannot completely eliminate tumor cells and prevent the progression of the disease. Recently, agents derived from natural sources have achieved considerable attention because of their safety, efficacy and immediate availability of therapies. In this way, apocynin, an inhibitor of the NADPH-oxidase complex, has been studied as an antitumor agent in some types of cancer, such as pancreas, prostate, lung and breast. Apocynin is a prodrug and its action indicate to be related to its conversion to diapocynin, which has been shown to be more efficient than apocynin itself. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate, in vitro, the antitumor potential of apocynin and diapocynin in human osteosarcoma cells. For this, normal human osteoblasts (HOb) and immortalized human osteosarcoma cells (SaOS-2) were treated or no-treated with apocynin and diapocynin in various concentrations. Cell viability assay, morphological alterations, cellular apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, colony formation, migration, invasion and expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1) were performed. We also performed assays to verify the activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 and 9. The results in SaOS-2 showed that treatment with apocynin at concentrations of 1,5 e 3 mM; and diapocynin at concentrations of 0,75 e 1,5 mM reduced cell viability; increased the number of cells in apoptosis and decreased the production of ROS; without damaging HOb cells. Moreover, these same concentrations inhibited cell migration and invasion; decreased HIF-1 expression; and reduced MMP 2 activity in SaOS-2. Considering the results, we suggest that apocynin and diapocynin may act as possible modulators of tumor cells, and diapocynin has been shown to be more effective.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetophenones/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds/pharmacology , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/drug effects , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Cells, Cultured
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357506

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This work aims to examine the effects of paeonol treatment on the ability of bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMM) to excrete inflammatory factors and to differentiate into osteoclasts upon induction with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis). This work also aims to investigate the underlying mechanisms of these abilities.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BMM culture was treated with different paeonol concentrations at for 1 h and then stimulated with P. gingivalis for 24 h before programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) was quantified with flow cytometry. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The BMM culture was treated with the receptor activator for nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and then with paeonol for 1 h prior to induction with P. gingivalis. Then, osteoclast formation was assessed using tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining. The osteoclast-related proteins TRAP and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) were quantified by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Paeonol was nontoxic to BMM within a range of 10-50 μmol·L⁻¹. Flow cytometry showed that paeonol inhibited PD-L1 expression in P. gingivalis-induced BMM in a dose-dependent manner. ELISA indicated that paeonol dose-dependently inhibited the excretion of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 by P. gingivalis-induced BMM (P<0.01). TRAP staining revealed that paenol treatment inhibited the differentiation of P. gingivalis-induced BMM into osteoclasts. Western blot results suggested that paeonol decreased the expression of TRAP and RANK in BMM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Paeonol dose-dependently inhibited the excretion of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 by P. gingivalis-induced BMM in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, paenol treatment prevented the differentiation of P. gingivalis-induced BMM differentiation into osteoclasts.
.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Acid Phosphatase , Animals , Carrier Proteins , Cell Differentiation , Interleukin-1beta , Interleukin-6 , Isoenzymes , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Macrophages , Membrane Glycoproteins , Mice , Osteoclasts , Porphyromonas gingivalis , RANK Ligand , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 185-194, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242302

ABSTRACT

Lignin degradation products are toxic to microorganisms, which is one of the bottlenecks for fuel ethanol production. We studied the effects of phenolic ketones (4-hydroxyacetophenone, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-acetophenone and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy-acetophenone) derived from lignin degradation on ethanol fermentation of xylose and cellular lipid composition of Pichia stipitis NLP31. Ethanol and the cellular fatty acid of yeast were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Results indicate that phenolic ketones negatively affected ethanol fermentation of yeast and the lower molecular weight phenolic ketone compound was more toxic. When the concentration of 4-hydroxyacetophenone was 1.5 g/L, at fermentation of 24 h, the xylose utilization ratio, ethanol yield and ethanol concentration decreased by 42.47%, 5.30% and 9.76 g/L, respectively, compared to the control. When phenolic ketones were in the medium, the ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (UFA/SFA) of yeast cells was improved. When 1.5 g/L of three aforementioned phenolic ketones was added to the fermentation medium, the UFA/SFA ratio of yeast cells increased to 3.03, 3.06 and 3.61, respectively, compared to 2.58 of the control, which increased cell membrane fluidity and instability. Therefore, phenolic ketones can reduce the yeast growth, increase the UFA/SFA ratio of yeast and lower ethanol productivity. Effectively reduce or remove the content of lignin degradation products is the key to improve lignocellulose biorefinery.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Chemistry , Ethanol , Chemistry , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Ketones , Chemistry , Lignin , Chemistry , Lipids , Chemistry , Phenols , Chemistry , Pichia , Chemistry , Xylose , Chemistry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728547

ABSTRACT

(E)-3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(2-pyrrolyl)-2-propenone (MPP) is an aldol condensation product resulting from pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde and m- and p- substituted acetophenones. However, its biological activity has not yet been evaluated. Since it has been reported that some propenone-type compounds display anti-inflammatory activity, we investigated whether MPP could negatively modulate inflammatory responses. To do this, we employed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells and examined the inhibitory levels of nitric oxide (NO) production and transcriptional activation, as well as the target proteins involved in the inflammatory signaling cascade. Interestingly, MPP was found to reduce the production of NO in LPS-treated RAW264.7 cells, without causing cytotoxicity. Moreover, this compound suppressed the mRNA levels of inflammatory genes, such as inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Using luciferase reporter gene assays performed in HEK293 cells and immunoblotting analysis with nuclear protein fractions, we determined that MPP reduced the transcriptional activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. Furthermore, the activation of a series of upstream signals for NF-kappaB activation, composed of Src, Syk, Akt, and IkappaBalpha, were also blocked by this compound. It was confirmed that MPP was able to suppress autophosphorylation of overexpressed Src and Syk in HEK293 cells. Therefore, these results suggest that MPP can function as an anti-inflammatory drug with NF-kappaB inhibitory properties via the suppression of Src and Syk.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Genes, Reporter , HEK293 Cells , Immunoblotting , Luciferases , Macrophages , NF-kappa B , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nuclear Proteins , RNA, Messenger , Transcriptional Activation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 86-93, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251812

ABSTRACT

In order to clarify material basis of effective parts of liangxue tongyu prescription, blood-heat and blood-stasis rat model induced by dry yeast was established. The changes of rectal temperature, blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were used to evaluate the cooling-blood and activating-blood effects of liangxue tongyu prescription and its parts. Compared with the model group, the extract from liangxue tongyu prescription, its volatile oil and n-butanol part could significantly reduce rectal temperature (P<0.01), and also reduce blood viscosity and plasma viscosity to various degrees (P<0.01 or P<0.05). So volatile oil and n-butanol part were primarily identified as effective parts of liangxue tongyu prescription. By using GC-MS with normalization method of area to analyze volatile oil of liangxue tongyu prescription, 70 compounds were identified, accounting for about 92.54%, mainly as β-asarone, paeonol, α-asarone and shyobunone. 42 compounds such as peony glycosides, tannins, and iridoid glycosides were identified by HPLC-MS techniques and standard comparison. The study determined the effective parts of liangxue tongyu prescription and clarified the chemical composition providing the foundation for further studies on material basis of liangxue tongyu prescription.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Chemistry , Animals , Anisoles , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Rats , Tannins , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236024

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that paeonol can antagonize acute myocardial ischemia and infarction in rat. This study further researched the effects of paeonol on blood pressure and blood flow in the artery of spontaneously hypertensive rats and its mechanisms related on vasomotion. Firstly, thirty spontaneously hypertensive rats were randomly divided into spontaneously hypertensive control group and paeonol-treating groups of high dose and low dose, and also, the other ten Wistar rats as healthy control group. Before and after the intraduodenal administration of the drug, arterial blood pressure was measured by carotid artery and blood flow through the renal artery and carotid artery in vivo were measured by animal flowmeter. The same volume of solvent was given to the spontaneously hypertensive control group and the healthy control group, and the other operations were same. In order to further study the effect of paeonol on vasomotor function, the superior mesenteric artery, renal artery and coronary artery of the spontaneously hypertensive rat were removed and separated, precontracted by a certain concentration of potassium chloride (KCl) and 5-serotonin (5-HT) respectively, and dilatory responses were assessed by cumulative addition of paeonol. Results showed that after duodenal one-time delivery of paeonol, the blood pressure significantly lowered, the renal arterial blood flow and the carotid arterial blood flow significantly increased in spontaneously hypertensive rat. And also, paeonol relaxed the mesenteric artery, renal artery and the coronary artery of spontaneously hypertensive rat in a concentration-dependent manner. These results indicated that the effect of paeonol on decreasing arterial blood pressure and increasing the arterial blood flow was related to its vasodilative effect.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Animals , Blood Pressure , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Regional Blood Flow , Vasodilator Agents , Pharmacology
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 74-82, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255970

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of the treatment of apocynin in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) mice. 5% DSS was used to mimic the UC model, and 2% apocynin was applied to treat the UC mice. HE staining was used for histopathological evaluation. Chemiluminescence technique was used to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and the rate of consumption of NADPH inhibited by DPI was detected to determine the NADPH oxidases (NOXs) activity. Western blot was applied to identify the level of p38MAPK phosphorylation, Griess reaction assay to analyze NO production, immunoenzymatic method to determine prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production, real time RT-PCR and Western blot to identify the expression of iNOS and COX2, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay to detect inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-1β. Rat neutrophils were separated, and then ROS production, NOXs activity, NO and PGE2 production, NOX1 and p-p38MAPK expression were detected. Compared with the UC group, apocynin decreased ROS over-production and NOXs activity (P < 0.01), reduced p38MAPK phosphorylation, inhibited NO, PGE2 and cytokines production (P < 0.01). Apocynin also decreased NOXs activity and ROS over-production (P < 0.01), inhibited p38MAPK phosphorylation and NOX1 expression, and reduced NO and PGE2 production (P < 0.01) in separated neutrophils from UC mice. Therefore, apocynin could relieve inflammation in DSS-induced UC mice through inhibiting NOXs-ROS-p38MAPK signal pathway, and neutrophils play an important role.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Therapy , Cytokines , Metabolism , Dextran Sulfate , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Neutrophils , Metabolism , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255238

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of paeonol on neuron cell model of Parkinson disease (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cell model of Parkinson disease was induced by treatment of 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) in PC12 cells, the PD model cells were treated with 1 μmol/L, 3 μmol/L or 9 μmol/L paeonol for 24h, respectively. Cell viability and LDH leakage were detected by MTT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay; the apoptosis of PC12 cells was assessed by Hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry; reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected by DCFH-DA method; and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and activation of caspase-3 were determined by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MPP+ treatment significantly reduced cell viability, increased LDH leakage, enhanced the proportion of apoptotic cells and ROS production. In addition, MPP+ treatment dramatically increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and the activation of caspase-3. Compared to PD model group, paeonol treatment significantly enhanced cell viability, decreased LDH leakage, inhibited the proportion of apoptotic cells and ROS production, reduced the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the activated caspase-3 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Paeonol can prevent PC12 cells from apoptosis induced by MPP+, and the mechanism may be associated with the down-regulation of ROS production, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and Caspase-3 activation.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium , Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Fluoresceins , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Parkinson Disease , Drug Therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258875

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The roles of cerebrovascular oxidative stress in vascular functional remodeling have been described in hindlimb-unweighting (HU) rats. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be established.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We investigated the generation of vascular reactive oxygen species (ROS), Nox2/Nox4 protein and mRNA levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) mRNA levels in cerebral and mesenteric smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of HU rats.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ROS production increased in cerebral but not in mesenteric VSMCs of HU rats compared with those in control rats. Nox2 and Nox4 protein and mRNA levels were increased significantly but MnSOD/GPx-1 mRNA levels decreased in HU rat cerebral arteries but not in mesenteric arteries. NADPH oxidases were activated significantly more in cerebral but not in mesenteric arteries of HU rats. NADPH oxidase inhibition with apocynin attenuated cerebrovascular ROS production and partially restored Nox2/Nox4 protein and mRNA levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and MnSOD/GPx-1 mRNA levels in cerebral VSMCs of HU rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results suggest that vascular NADPH oxidases regulate cerebrovascular redox status and participate in vascular oxidative stress injury during simulated microgravit.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Cerebral Arteries , Metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Hindlimb Suspension , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Mesenteric Arteries , Metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , NADPH Oxidase 2 , NADPH Oxidase 4 , NADPH Oxidases , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258874

ABSTRACT

Recently, a wide range of food-derived phytochemical compounds and their synthetic derivatives have been proposed for cancer treatment. Unfortunately, data available in related literature focus on the anti-cancer properties of compounds derived from edible plants, while very little is known about those derived from non-edible plants. And thus, the underlying mechanisms of their anti-cancer effects are yet to be elucidated. This review collates the available data on the anti-cancer activities of six phytochemical-derived compounds from edible and non-edible plants, i.e. rottlerin, berbamine, sparstolonin B, sulforaphane, plumbagin and 6-shogaol. These compounds are used as bioactive markers for cytotoxicity against tumors. As such, understanding their mode of action will provide the rationale for the combination strategies of these compounds with other drugs in the battle against cancer.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Benzopyrans , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Benzylisoquinolines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Catechols , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Isothiocyanates , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Naphthoquinones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299816

ABSTRACT

The paeonol proniosomes ointment and ordinary ointment were administered to rats. Physiological saline served as perfused solution. The perfusion rate was 5 mL x L(-1) and the microdialysis samples were collected every 20 min intervals. The paeonol concentration in perfused solution was determined by HPLC. Investigation of the pharmacokinetics of paeonol proniosomes ointment and ordinary ointment by the skin-blood synchronous microdialysis coupled with HPLC is reported in this study. The results show that the recovery was (54.80 +/- 1.50)% in vitro and (54.58 +/- 4.61)% in vivo. The results showed that paeonol proniosomes ointment significantly raised the drug concentrations in skin more than the paeonol ordinary ointment. The paeono proniosomes ointment has less drugs into the blood as the ordinary ointments in blood, but its blood drug concentrations were steadier. The paeonol proniosomes ointment may be developed into a new preparation.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Blood , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Animals , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Microdialysis , Ointments , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Paeonia , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Skin , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321366

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the changes in the adhesive function of vascular endothelial cells (VEC) and rat monocytes induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and co-cultured with smooth muscle cells (SMC) and the intervention effect of paeonol (Pae).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Primary rat vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were cultured by predigesting and adhering tissue blocks. The VEC-VSMC co-culture model was established by Transwell chamber. LPS was used to induce VEC injury. MTT assay and LDH assay were used to determine the VEC activity. ELISA assay was used to detect IL-1beta and TNF-alpha secreted by the VEC. The immunocytochemistry assay was carried out to detect the expression of ICAM-1. The Rose Bengal Staining was used to test adhesive function between VECs and monocytes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The concentration of LPS-induced VEC injury was 100 microg x L(-1), and the time was 7 h. after the intervention on the above cell model for 24 h, Paeonol (15, 30, 60 micromol x L(-1)) could effectively inhibit LPS-induced VEC injury and VEC injury, significantly enhance the survival rate of LPS-injured VECs, decrease IL-1beta and TNF-alpha secreted by the injured VEC, and reduce the expression of ICAM-1, so as to inhibit the adhesion of LPS-induced VECs and monocytes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Paeonol could inhibit IL-1beta and TNF-alpha expression to protect VECs from being injured by LPS, and reduce ICAM-1 expression to inhibit the adhesion between VECs and monocytes.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacology , Animals , Cell Adhesion , Coculture Techniques , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Bodily Secretions , Gene Expression Regulation , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Male , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bodily Secretions
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341848

ABSTRACT

This research is to study the relationship between HPLC fingerprints of Moutan Cortex, Paeoniae Radix Rubra and Paeoniae Radix Alba and their activity on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury. HPLC fingerprints of each extract of Moutan Cortex,Paeoniae Radix Rubra and Paeoniae Radix Alba were established by an optimized HPLC-MS method. The activities of all samples against protein and tumor necrosis a factor were tested by the model of lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury. The possible relationship between HPLC-MS fingerprints and the activitieswere deduced by the Partial least squares regression analysis method. Samples were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS to identify the major peaks. The results showed that each sample had some effect on acute lung injury. Four components with a lager contribution rate of efficacy were calculated by the research of spectrum-effect relationship. Moutan Cortex exhibited good activity on acute lung injury, and gallic acid, paeoniflorin, galloylpaeoniflorin and paeonol were the main effective components.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Animals , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Gallic Acid , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Glucosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Male , Monoterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341817

ABSTRACT

To evaluate in vitro release and transdermal behaviors of Huoxue Zhitong gel, modified Franz diffusion cell methods was applied to investigate in vitro transdermal absorption of Huoxue Zhitong gel and the content of paeonolan in receptor fluid composed of PEG400%-95% ethanol-water (l:3:6)were determined by HPLC. The results were processed and different equations were fitted. The release law were in accordance with Weibull equation and the fitting equation was In[-1/(1 - Q)] = -0.790 51nt - 1.7012 (r = 0.9809). In 8 hours, cumulative release of paeonol was 85. 18% and the release rate was 2.827 µg . cm-2 h-1. Transdermal actions were consistent with zero-level model fit and the fitting equation was Q(t) = 1.7579t + 0. 7213 (r = 0.9991). In 8 hours, cumulative transdermal rate and transmission rate of paeonol was 54. 85%, 1. 820 µg . cm-2 h-1. So the Huoxue Zhitong gel had a good release and transdermal properties.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Pharmacokinetics , Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Gels , Mice , Skin Absorption
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 944-950, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303799

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) animal model was used to mimic the status of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in order to investigate the pathological mechanism of CIH-induced cardiac remodeling and observe the protective effect of antioxidants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FVB mice (8-10 weeks-old) were randomly divided into control (saline, i.p.) group and CIH group, reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase inhibitor, apocynin (APO, 3 mg×kg(-1)×d(-1), i.p.) alone or CIH+APO, SOD mimic MnTMPyP (SODM, 5 mg×kg(-1)×d(-1), i.p.) alone or CIH+SODM (n = 5 each). After 4 weeks, cardiac function and structure were determined by echocardiography, cardiac inflammation, apoptosis, cardiac fibrosis and cardiac MDA contents were examined by Western blot and chemical-biological methods, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Heart weight, LVIDd and LVIDs were increased while LVEF and FS were reduced in CIH group compared to control group (all P < 0.05). (2) Myocardial protein expression of ANP and VCAM-1 was significantly upregulated, myocardial MDA content and apoptosis as well as myocardial fibrosis marker CTGF and PAI-1 were increased in CIH group compared to control group (all P < 0.05). (3) Above parameters were similar between APO and CIH+APO as well as SODM and CIH+SODM (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CIH could induce cardiac remodeling and CIH-induced cardiac inflammation, cardiac oxidative injury, cardiac apoptosis and cardiac fibrosis serve as the pathological mechanisms of CIH-induced cardiac remodeling. The protective effects of the two antioxidants suggest that the main mechanism of CIH-induced cardiac injury is oxidative stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Antioxidants , Physiology , Apoptosis , Disease Models, Animal , Heart , Hypoxia , Mice , Mice, Inbred Strains , Myocardium , NADPH Oxidases , Oxidative Stress , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Remodeling
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