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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 62-72, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153037

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se com este estudo comparar a associação de detomidina e cetamina ou dextrocetamina, por via intravenosa contínua, em oito cadelas submetidas a dois protocolos: GCD - indução anestésica com 5mg/kg e infusão intravenosa contínua de 20mg/kg/h de cetamina; e GDD - indução com 3,5mg/kg e infusão de 14mg/kg/h de dextrocetamina. Associou-se detomidina, 30µg/kg/h, em ambos os grupos. Registraram-se frequência cardíaca (FC), pressão arterial (PA), frequência respiratória (f), temperatura (TC), miorrelaxamento, analgesia, hemogasometria e eletrocardiograma, antes e 15 minutos após a MPA (Mbasal e Mmpa); após o início da infusão (Mic); a cada 10 minutos até 90 minutos (M10, M20, M30, M40, M50, M60, M70, M80 e M90); e 30 minutos após o fim da infusão (M120). Foi observada bradicardia em Mmpa no GCD e de Mmpa a M10 no GDD. Ocorreu hipotensão em Mmpa e hipertensão a partir de Mic. A f diminuiu de M10 a M30. Foram observados: onda T de alta amplitude, bloqueios atrioventriculares e parada sinusal. Ocorreu acidose respiratória. O período de recuperação foi de 219,6±72,3 minutos no GCD e de 234,1±96,8 minutos no GDD. A cetamina e a dextrocetamina, associadas à detomidina por infusão contínua, causam efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e anestésicos similares.(AU)


The combination of detomidine and ketamine or dextrocetamine for continuous intravenous infusion was compared in eight female dogs submitted to two protocols: GCD - 5mg/kg of anesthetic induction and continuous intravenous infusion of ketamine 20mg/kg/h; and GDD - induction with 3.5mg/kg and infusion of 14mg/kg/h of dextrocetamine. Detomidine, 30µg/kg/h was associated in both groups. Heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR), temperature (CT), myorelaxation, analgesia, blood gas analysis and electrocardiogram were recorded before and 15 minutes after MPA (Mbasal and Mmpa); after the start of infusion (Mic); every 10 minutes to 90 minutes (M10, M20, M30, M40, M50, M60, M70, M80 and M90); and 30 minutes after the end of infusion (M120). Bradycardia was observed in Mmpa in GCD and from Mmpa to M10 in GDD. There was hypotension in Mmpa and hypertension from Mic. The RR decreased from M10 to M30. High amplitude T wave, atrioventricular blocks and sinus arrest were observed. Respiratory acidosis occurred. The recovery period was 219.6±72.3 minutes in GCD and 234.1±96.8 minutes in GDD. Ketamine and S+ ketamine associated with detomidine for continuous infusion cause cardiorespiratory and similar anesthetic effects.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , N-Methylaspartate/agonists , Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/analysis , Anesthetics, Combined/analysis , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Acidosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Respiratory Rate , Heart Rate , Anesthesia, Intravenous/veterinary
2.
In. Manzanares Castro, William; Aramendi Epstein, Ignacio; Pico, José Luis do. Disionías en el paciente grave: historias clínicas comentadas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.393-406.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1344748
3.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057211

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate serum biochemical parameters' evolution, especially venous blood gas (VBG), in anorexia nervosa (AN), correlating with clinical parameters. Methods: Retrospective study including out-patient AN adolescents, between January 2014 and May 2017. Three evaluations were compared: t1) first consultation; t2) consultation with the lowest body mass index (BMI) z-score and t3) with the highest BMI z-score. Results: A total of 24 adolescents (87.5% females) were included, mean age of presentation of 14.9±1.7 years, onset of symptoms 6.4±3.2 months before the first visit. In t1, BMI z-score of -1.91±1.11 kg/m2 and ideal weight % of 84.3±9.2. Amenorrhea was present in 88%. In t2 the analytical alterations were: altered VBG in 100%, altered ferritin (72% elevated), altered thyroid function (53% with thyroxine decrease), dyslipidemia (31% elevation of high density lipoprotein, 25% hypercholesterolemia), elevation of urea (25%), elevation of alanine aminotransferase (14%), hypoglycemia (14%), anemia (9%). Respiratory acidosis was present in 91% in t1, 100% in t2 and 94% in t3. There was a significant decrease between t2 and t3 in mean pCO2 (57.2 versus 53.6 mmHg; p=0.009) and mean HCO3 (30.0 versus 28.8 mEq/L; p=0.023). Conclusions: Respiratory acidosis and increased ferritin were common in this group. Respiratory acidosis was the most frequent abnormality with significant pCO2 and HCO3 variation in the recovery phase. VBG should be considered in AN evaluation, once it seems to be important in assessing the severity of the disease and its subsequent follow-up.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a evolução laboratorial, particularmente da gasometria venosa, na anorexia nervosa (AN), correlacionando os achados com parâmetros clínicos. Métodos: Estudo retrospetivo com adolescentes com AN seguidos em ambulatório, entre janeiro de 2014 e maio de 2017. Foram comparadas três avaliações: (t1) primeira consulta; (t2) consulta com escore Z de índice de massa corpórea (IMC) mais baixo; e (t3) consulta com escore Z de IMC mais elevado. Resultados: Incluídos 24 adolescentes, 87,5% do sexo feminino, idade média de apresentação de 14,9±1,7 anos, início dos sintomas 6,4±3,2 meses antes da primeira consulta. Em t1, escore Z de IMC de -1,91±1,11 kg/m2 e % de peso ideal de 84,3±9,2. Tinham amenorreia 88%. Em t2 as alterações laboratoriais encontradas foram: gasometria venosa alterada em 100%, ferritina alterada (72% elevada), função tiroideia alterada (53% com diminuição da tiroxina), dislipidemia (31% com elevação de lipoproteína de alta densidade, 25% com hipercolesterolemia), elevação da ureia (25%), elevação da alanina aminotransferase (14%), hipoglicemia (14%) e anemia (9%). A acidose respiratória esteve presente em 91% em t1, 100% em t2 e 94% em t3. Verificou-se diminuição significativa entre t2 e t3 da pressão parcial de CO2 (pCO2) média (57,2 versus 53,6 mmHg; p=0,009) e HCO3 médio (30,0 versus 28,8 mEq/L; p=0,023). Conclusões: A acidose respiratória e o aumento da ferritina foram comuns nesse grupo. Acidose respiratória foi a alteração mais frequente, com variação significativa de pCO2 e HCO3 na fase de recuperação. A gasometria venosa deve ser considerada na avaliação laboratorial na AN, pois parece ser importante na avaliação da gravidade e monitorização da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Outpatients/statistics & numerical data , Blood Gas Analysis/methods , Anorexia Nervosa/physiopathology , Anorexia Nervosa/blood , Thyroid Function Tests/methods , Urea/blood , Acidosis, Respiratory/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Dyslipidemias/blood , Ferritins/blood , Amenorrhea/diagnosis , Amenorrhea/epidemiology , Hypoglycemia/epidemiology , Anemia/epidemiology
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 485-491, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040717

ABSTRACT

In order for successful extra-uterine adaptation to occur, it is necessary for the neonate to be able to establish its respiratory functions effectively, guaranteeing efficient oxygenation and good vitality. Respiratory disorders are the major cause of death during the neonatal period in cattle, and this mortality is even more significant when it comes to calves originated by in vitro fertilization (FIV) or animal cloning (CA). Blood gas analysis assesses acid-base balance changes effectively, and when associated with the neonate's clinical examination, provides subsidies for accurate diagnosis and early treatment of neonatal maladaptation. The objective of this study was to study neonates born from artificial insemination (IA) and to compare them to calves conceived by FIV and CA, regarding blood gas and clinical examination. For that, 20 AI calves, 15 FIV calves, and 15 cloned calves were evaluated immediately after calving and at 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours of life. At all experimental times, venous blood samples were collected for blood gas and clinical examination was performed. In the postpartum evaluation, Apgar score and column length and respiratory amplitude measurements were used. IVF animals showed no alterations, resembling Group IA calves. The calves from CA showed more pronounced acidosis postpartum than expected physiological acidosis mixed for neonates, with decreasing values of bicarbonate (HCO3-), and base excess (BE) and the increase in carbon dioxide pressure (PCO2) when compared to the other groups. This disorder may have reflected lower mean values of Apgar scores and increased heart and respiratory rates. Intensive follow-up of these neonates is suggested, with monitoring by clinical and hemogasometric examination for early diagnosis of this condition and treatment based on oxygen therapy and bicarbonate replacement.(AU)


Para que ocorra adaptação extra-uterina bem sucedida é necessário que o neonato consiga estabelecer suas funções respiratórias de maneira eficaz, garantindo oxigenação eficiente e boa vitalidade. Distúrbios respiratórios são os maiores causadores de óbito durante o período neonatal em bovinos, e essa mortalidade é ainda mais expressiva quando se trata de bezerros originados por fertilização in vitro (FIV) ou clonagem animal (CA). A hemogasometria avalia alterações do equilíbrio ácido-básico de forma eficaz, e quando associada ao exame clínico do neonato, fornece subsídios para diagnóstico acurado e tratamento precoce da má adaptação neonatal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar recém-nascidos bovinos originados por inseminação artificial (IA) e compará-los a bezerros concebidos por FIV e CA, no que se refere a hemogasometria e exame clínico. Para isso, foram utilizados 20 bezerros IA, 15 bezerros FIV e 15 bezerros clonados que foram avaliados imediatamente após o parto e com 6, 12, 24 e 48 horas de vida. Em todos os momentos experimentais foram colhidas amostras de sangue venoso para hemogasometria e foi realizado o exame clínico. Na avaliação pós-parto foram utilizados escore Apgar e mensurações de comprimento de coluna e amplitude respiratória. Os animais FIV não demonstraram alterações, assemelhando-se aos bezerros do Grupo IA. Os bezerros provenientes de CA apresentaram acidose pós-parto mais acentuada do que a acidose mista fisiológica esperada para neonatos, evidenciada pela diminuição dos valores de bicarbonato (HCO3-) e excesso de bases (EB) e pelo aumento de pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono (PCO2) quando comparados aos demais grupos. Esse distúrbio pode ter refletido em valores médios menores de escore Apgar e no aumento das frequências cardíaca e respiratória. Sugere-se acompanhamento intensivo desses neonatos, com monitoramento por meio do exame clínico e hemogasométrico para diagnóstico precoce dessa condição e tratamento baseado em oxigenioterapia e reposição de bicarbonato.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Apgar Score , Acidosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary , Maximal Voluntary Ventilation , Animals, Newborn/blood , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Cloning, Organism/veterinary
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 137-142, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989367

ABSTRACT

Vinte e seis cães braquicefálicos portadores de estenose de narina, 22 machos e quatro fêmeas, foram submetidos à rinoplastia bilateral. Dezesseis cães eram Buldogues Franceses; dois, Buldogues Ingleses; seis, Pugs; e dois, Shih Tzus, com idade variando de seis meses a seis anos. Foram efetuadas coletas de sangue arterial para análises hemogasométricas no pré-operatório e 30 dias após a cirurgia. Para cada avaliação, foi obtida uma amostra de 0,5mL de sangue coletado da artéria femoral, em seringa plástica heparinizada. Em seguida, procedeu-se à avaliação hemogasométrica em analisador de gases sanguíneos (I-stat-Abbot®). Os resultados da hemogasometria pré e pós-rinoplastia mostraram uma redução nos valores médios de pCO2, TCO2 , HCO3- e BEecf, hematócrito e hemoglobina, e aumento de pH, pO2 e SO2, indicando melhora na condição ventilatória dos animais após a correção cirúrgica da estenose de narina. Isso posto, conclui-se que a hemogasometria arterial é um exame importante no diagnóstico da síndrome respiratória dos cães braquicefálicos, e extremamente útil no acompanhamento da resposta do paciente ao tratamento. A rinoplastia mostrou-se eficaz no tratamento da síndrome respiratória, promovendo melhora nos parâmetros hemogasométricos que indicam acidose respiratória secundária à obstrução das vias aéreas, comum nas raças braquicefálicas.(AU)


Twenty-six brachycephalic dogs with nostril stenosis, 22 males and four females, underwent bilateral rhinoplasty. Sixteen dogs were French Bulldogs; two, English Bulldogs; Six, Pugs; and two, Shih tzus, ranging in age from six months to six years. Blood samples were collected for hemogasometric analysis in the preoperative period and 30 days after surgery. For each evaluation, a 0.5ml sample of blood collected from the femoral artery was obtained in a heparinized plastic syringe. Hemogasometric evaluation was then performed on a blood gas analyzer (I-stat-Abbot®). The results of hemogasometry before and after rhinoplasty showed a reduction in the mean values of pCO2, TCO2, HCO3- and BEecf, hematocrit and hemoglobin, and an increase in pH, pO2 and SO2, indicating an improvement in the ventilatory condition of the animals after surgical correction of Nostril stenosis. Therefore, it is concluded that arterial hemogasometry is an important diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of brachycephalic respiratory syndrome and is extremely useful in monitoring the patient's response to treatment. Rhinoplasty was effective in the treatment of respiratory syndrome, promoting improvement in hemogasometric parameters that indicate respiratory acidosis secondary to airway obstruction, common in the brachycephalic races.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Acidosis, Respiratory , Constriction, Pathologic , Dogs/blood
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719403

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old male visited the hospital with multiple trauma after traffic accident. Fractures of ribs, left femur, and right humerus and spleen rupture with hemoperitoneum were founded on image studies. He was moved to operation room and general anesthesia was performed for splenectomy. During the operation, excessive high peak inspiratory pressure was observed. After abdominal closure, hypoxia, hypercapnia, and respiratory acidosis were worsened. Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was initiated after the operation. Status of the patient were improved after the application of ECMO. The patient was discharged without significant complication. Despite of several limitations in applying ECMO to patients with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and multiple trauma, severe pulmonary dysfunction in ACS patients may be rescued without open abdomen treatment.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Accidents, Traffic , Acidosis, Respiratory , Adult , Anesthesia, General , Hypoxia , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Femur , Hemoperitoneum , Humans , Humerus , Hypercapnia , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Male , Multiple Trauma , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Ribs , Rupture , Spleen , Splenectomy
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759545

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen (TRIO) device is less commonly used and is an alternative to trans-tracheal jet ventilation for maintaining oxygenation in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” (CICO) scenario. CASE: We report the successful use of this device to maintain oxygenation after jet ventilator failure in a parturient who presented with the CICO scenario during the procedure for excision of laryngeal papilloma. CONCLUSIONS: A stepwise approach to the airway plan and preparation for an event of failure is essential for good materno-fetal outcomes. The TRIO device may result in inadequate ventilation that can lead to hypercarbia and respiratory acidosis. Hence, it should only be used as a temporizing measure before a definitive airway can be secured.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Airway Management , Airway Obstruction , Anesthesia, Obstetrical , High-Frequency Jet Ventilation , Insufflation , Oxygen , Papilloma , Ventilation , Ventilators, Mechanical
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741854

ABSTRACT

A 6-year-old boy with underlying hemolytic anemia of unknown etiology, atopic dermatitis, and recurrent urticaria visited our hospital because of acute respiratory failure induced by influenza A. Despite mechanical ventilation after endotracheal intubation along with inhalation of nitric oxide, respiratory acidosis and hypoxemia persisted. Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) insertion was performed to provide respiratory support. After performing flexible bronchoscopy, we found that thick mucus plugs were obstructing the right bronchus intermedius and the upper lobe orifice. After bronchial washing and removal of the plugs, we were able to wean the patient off VV ECMO and transfer him to the general ward. He was discharged without any neurologic or pulmonary sequelae.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Anemia, Hemolytic , Hypoxia , Bronchi , Bronchitis , Bronchoscopy , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Influenza A virus , Influenza, Human , Inhalation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Male , Mucus , Nitric Oxide , Patients' Rooms , Plastics , Pneumonia , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency , Urticaria
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813119

ABSTRACT

To establish rat model of lung ischemia/reperfusion (IR) in vivo, and to explore the effects of acidification pretreatment for respiratory acidosis on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and the possible mechanisms.
 Methods: A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a sham group (S group), a IR group, and an experiment group (RA group) (n=12 in each group). The rat left lung hilum in the S group was dissociated, followed by perfusion without ischemia. After the left lung hilum in the IR group was blocked for 45 min, the rats were followed by reperfusion for 180 min. After left lung hilum in the RA group was dissociated, the respiratory parameters were adjusted so that pressure of end tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) reached 56-65 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) for 5 min, then the rats was subjected to IR. Lung tissue wet/dry (W/D) and lung permeability index (LPI) were calculated, while the lung histopathology was observed and the MMP-9 protein expression were measured.
 Results: Compared with the control group, the W/D and LPI in the IR group and the RA group increased after reperfusion (both P<0.05), and the levels of W/D and LPI in the group RA were lower than that in the IR group (P<0.05). LPI and pathology scores were significantly lower in the RA group than those in the IR group (both P<0.01). After IR, the expression of MMP9 in the lung tissues in the IR group and the RA group increased significantly (both P<0.01). The expression of MMP-9 protein in the RA group was significantly lower than that in the IR group (P<0.01).
 Conclusion: After lung IR injury, the expression of MMP-9 protein, vascular permeability and inflammatory exudation is increased. The acidification pretreatment for respiratory acidosis can inhibit the expression of MMP-9 protein and reduce inflammatory exudation after lung IR, showing a protective effect on lung IR injury.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Drug Therapy , Animals , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Lung , Lung Injury , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 69(1): 48-56, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-834087

ABSTRACT

A placentite é a principal causa de partos prematuros, aborto e nascimento de potros comprometidos, podendo causar hipóxia e septicemia. A hematologia e a gasometria venosa fornecem informações importantes para o monitoramento da saúde de potros nascidos de éguas com placentite. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os valores hematológicos e hemogasométricos durante as primeiras 24h de vida em potros nascidos de éguas mestiças Crioulas submetidas à indução experimental de placentite, com diferentes graus de maturidade. Foram utilizados 16 potros nascidos de éguas submetidas à indução experimental de placentite, divididos em três grupos de acordo com o grau de maturidade: prematuro (n=8), dismaturo (n=4) e a termo (n=4). Foram realizadas coletas sanguíneas nos momentos 0h, 12h e 24h para realização de hemograma completo e gasometria venosa. No eritrograma, foi observada anemia normocítica normocrômica no grupo prematuro em relação ao grupo dismaturo nas 12h e 24h. O grupo prematuro apresentou menor contagem de leucócitos totais nas 24h em relação ao grupo a termo (P=0,01). Os valores de pH, cHCO3 e SO2 não diferiram entre os grupos, porém os animais prematuros apresentaram acidose respiratória (pH=7,28). A PCO2 nos prematuros foi maior na 0h (P=0,02). Nos três grupos, a PCO2 apresentou uma curva adaptativa com redução dos valores durante as 12h e 24h. Os potros prematuros mostraram menores valores de excesso de base (BE) no nascimento (P=0,02), confirmando o quadro de acidose respiratória. Concluiu-se que as respostas hematológicas e hemogasométricas diferem entre potros com diferentes graus de maturidade. A acidose observada no grupo prematuro ao nascimento, com estabilização e resposta compensatória durante as 12h e 24h, demonstra a necessidade de avaliação hemogasométrica sequencial em potros de risco, o que permite a identificação da resposta clínica ao processo e, assim, auxilia no estabelecimento do tratamento e prognóstico para esses potros.(AU)


The placentitis is a major cause of premature birth, abortion and compromised foal delivery, and may result in hypoxia and sepsis. The blood gas analysis and hematology can provide important information for monitoring the foals born from mares with placentitis, with different degrees of maturity. The aim of this study was to describe the hematological and blood gas values during the first 24 hours of life in foals born from crossbreed mares with experimentally induced placentitis, presenting different degrees of maturity. Sixteen foals, born from mares with experimentally induced ascending placentitis were assigned to three groups according to degree of maturity: premature (n=8), dysmature (n=4), and full-term foals (n=4). Blood samples were collected at birth (0), at 12h and 24h, and hematological evaluation and blood gas variables were measured. In the premature group normocytic normochromic anemia was observed compared to dysmature group at 12h and 24h. The premature group showed lower count of white blood cells at 24h relative to the full-term group (p=0.01). The pH, cHCO3 and SO2 values do not differ among the groups; however the premature group showed respiratory acidosis (pH=7,28). The PCO2 was higher at 0h in the premature foals (p=0.02). In all groups, the PCO2 presented an adaptive curve with reduction between 12h and 24h. The premature foals showed lower base excess (BE) values at birth (p=0.02), confirming the respiratory acidosis in this group. We conclude that the hematological and blood gas response differs between foals with different degrees of maturity. Acidosis in the premature foals at birth, with stabilization and compensation of pH value during the first 12-24h demonstrate the necessity of sequential blood gas analysis in risk foals. This may help identify the clinical response to the process and assist in the establishment of adequate treatment and prognosis for these foals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Animals, Newborn/blood , Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary , Horses , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Acidosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145724

ABSTRACT

The authors describe the successful perioperative management of a 3-year-old boy from Dubai with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty for complete right ureteropelvic junction obstruction. G6PD deficiency is a genetic disorder predisposing patients to hemolytic anemia from oxidative stress. Important considerations in anesthetic management include avoiding oxidative stress, which can be caused by various conditions, and monitoring for hypercapnia, which can cause acidosis and hemolysis. Laparoscopic surgery is usually associated with hypercapnia and therefore an increased risk for respiratory acidosis. During surgery in this particular case, efforts were made to avoid carbon dioxide retention and to keep the patient warm. General anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium, rocuronium, and fentanyl, and maintained with sevoflurane. There were no signs of hemolysis in the perioperative period and he was discharged owing to his improved condition.


Subject(s)
Acidosis , Acidosis, Respiratory , Anemia, Hemolytic , Anesthesia, General , Carbon Dioxide , Child, Preschool , Fentanyl , Glucose-6-Phosphate , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Hemolysis , Humans , Hypercapnia , Laparoscopy , Male , Oxidative Stress , Perioperative Period , Thiopental
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132561

ABSTRACT

Severe hypercapnia can be predicted by a decrease in cerebral electrical activity. The authors describe a sudden decrease in spectral entropy due to severe hypercapnia-induced respiratory acidosis in a patient with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease during lung resection. After two and a half hours of low tidal volume ventilation in the lateral position, the state entropy suddenly dropped from 45 to 7, without any changes in the effect-site concentration of propofol, end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO₂) tension, oxygen saturation, or arterial pressure. However, arterial blood gas analysis showed severe respiratory acidosis (pH 7.01, PaCO₂ 115 mmHg and PaO₂ 246 mmHg with FIO₂ of 0.5). Immediate hyperventilation improved the state entropy and acid-base balance. Electroencephalography-based spectral entropy can detect severe hypercapnia in chronic pulmonary obstructive disease patients with a large arterial to end-tidal CO2 difference due to prolonged hypoventilation during thoracic surgery.


Subject(s)
Acid-Base Equilibrium , Acidosis, Respiratory , Arterial Pressure , Blood Gas Analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Electroencephalography , Entropy , Humans , Hypercapnia , Hyperventilation , Hypoventilation , Lung , Oxygen , Propofol , Thoracic Surgery , Tidal Volume , Ventilation
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132556

ABSTRACT

Severe hypercapnia can be predicted by a decrease in cerebral electrical activity. The authors describe a sudden decrease in spectral entropy due to severe hypercapnia-induced respiratory acidosis in a patient with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease during lung resection. After two and a half hours of low tidal volume ventilation in the lateral position, the state entropy suddenly dropped from 45 to 7, without any changes in the effect-site concentration of propofol, end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO₂) tension, oxygen saturation, or arterial pressure. However, arterial blood gas analysis showed severe respiratory acidosis (pH 7.01, PaCO₂ 115 mmHg and PaO₂ 246 mmHg with FIO₂ of 0.5). Immediate hyperventilation improved the state entropy and acid-base balance. Electroencephalography-based spectral entropy can detect severe hypercapnia in chronic pulmonary obstructive disease patients with a large arterial to end-tidal CO2 difference due to prolonged hypoventilation during thoracic surgery.


Subject(s)
Acid-Base Equilibrium , Acidosis, Respiratory , Arterial Pressure , Blood Gas Analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Electroencephalography , Entropy , Humans , Hypercapnia , Hyperventilation , Hypoventilation , Lung , Oxygen , Propofol , Thoracic Surgery , Tidal Volume , Ventilation
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770858

ABSTRACT

A 60-year-old man with advanced esophageal cancer was admitted for surgical placement of a feeding jejunostomy tube before commencement of chemoradiotherapy. His esophageal cancer had directly invaded the posterior tracheal wall, inducing a nearly total obstruction of the distal trachea. On the day before the surgery, respiratory failure developed due to tumor progression and tracheal edema. Tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation were attempted without success. Application of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) corrected the patient's respiratory acidosis and relieved his dyspnea. With full ECMO support, he underwent tracheal stent insertion. Two hours later, he was weaned from ECMO support uneventfully. This was a successful case of tracheal stenting for airway obstruction under rescue veno-venous ECMO.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Airway Management , Airway Obstruction , Chemoradiotherapy , Dyspnea , Edema , Emergencies , Esophageal Neoplasms , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Intubation , Jejunostomy , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency , Stents , Trachea , Tracheal Stenosis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89913

ABSTRACT

Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), which is associated with graft-versus-host disease after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, is a major obstacle to survival after bone marrow transplantation due to its gradual progress, eventually leading to respiratory failure. Pumpless extracorporeal interventional lung assist (iLA) is effective in treatment of reversible hypercapnic respiratory failure. In this paper, we present a 23-year-old female patient who underwent allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) for acute lymphocytic leukemia. After 6 months, she complained of shortness of breath and was diagnosed with BO. Five months later, she developed an upper respiratory tract infection that worsened her BO and caused life-threatening hypercapnia. Since mechanical ventilation failed to eliminate CO2 effectively, iLA was applied as rescue therapy. Her hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis showed significant improvement within a few hours, and she was successfully weaned off iLA after 12 days. This is the first case report of iLA application for temporarily aggravated hypercapnia of PBSCT-associated BO followed by successful weaning. This rescue therapy should be considered in ventilator-refractory reversible hypercapnia in BO patients.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bronchiolitis Obliterans , Bronchiolitis , Dyspnea , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Hypercapnia , Lung , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency , Respiratory Tract Infections , Weaning , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71276

ABSTRACT

A 60-year-old man with advanced esophageal cancer was admitted for surgical placement of a feeding jejunostomy tube before commencement of chemoradiotherapy. His esophageal cancer had directly invaded the posterior tracheal wall, inducing a nearly total obstruction of the distal trachea. On the day before the surgery, respiratory failure developed due to tumor progression and tracheal edema. Tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation were attempted without success. Application of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) corrected the patient's respiratory acidosis and relieved his dyspnea. With full ECMO support, he underwent tracheal stent insertion. Two hours later, he was weaned from ECMO support uneventfully. This was a successful case of tracheal stenting for airway obstruction under rescue veno-venous ECMO.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Airway Management , Airway Obstruction , Chemoradiotherapy , Dyspnea , Edema , Emergencies , Esophageal Neoplasms , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Intubation , Jejunostomy , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency , Stents , Trachea , Tracheal Stenosis
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 711-714, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728641

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To create in vitro a model to generate acidosis by CO2 bubbling "organ chambers", which would be useful for researchers that aim to study the effects of acid-base disturbs on the endothelium-dependent vascular reactivity. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats (230-280g) were housed, before the experiments, under standard laboratory conditions (12h light/dark cycle at 21°C), with free access to food and water. The protocol for promoting in vitro respiratory acidosis was carried out by bubbling increased concentrations of CO2. The target was to achieve an ideal way to decrease the pH gradually to a value of approximately 6.6.It was used, initially, a gas blender varying concentrations of the carbogenic mixture (95% O2 + 5% CO2) and pure CO2. RESULTS: 1) 100% CO2, pH variation very fast, pH minimum 6.0; 2) 90%CO2 pH variation bit slower, pH minimum6.31; 3) 70%CO2, pH variation slower, pH minimum 6.32; 4) 50% CO2, pH variation slower, pH minimum 6:42; 5) 40 %CO2, Adequate record, pH minimum 6.61, and; 6) 30 %CO2 could not reach values below pH minimum 7.03. Based on these data the gas mixture (O2 60% + CO2 40%) was adopted, CONCLUSION: This gas mixture (O2 60% + CO2 40%) was effective in inducing respiratory acidosis at a speed that made, possible the recording of isometric force. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acidosis, Respiratory/chemically induced , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Acidosis, Respiratory/metabolism , Acidosis, Respiratory/physiopathology , Blood Gas Analysis , Carbon Dioxide/chemistry , Endothelium, Vascular/chemistry , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors/metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , In Vitro Techniques , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 64(5): 307-313, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723213

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Although many features of robotic prostatectomy are similar to those of conventional laparoscopic urological procedures (such as laparoscopic prostatectomy), the procedure is associated with some drawbacks, which include limited intravenous access, relatively long operating time, deep Trendelenburg position, and high intra-abdominal pressure. The primary aim was to describe respiratory and hemodynamic challenges and the complications related to high intra-abdominal pressure and the deep Trendelenburg position in robotic prostatectomy patients. The secondary aim was to reveal safe discharge criteria from the operating room. Methods: Fifty-three patients who underwent robotic prostatectomy between December 2009 and January 2011 were prospectively enrolled. Main outcome measures were non-invasive monitoring, invasive monitoring and blood gas analysis performed at supine (T0), Trendelenburg (T1), Trendelenburg + pneumoperitoneum (T2), Trendelenburg-before desufflation (T3), Trendelenburg (after desufflation) (T4), and supine (T5) positions. Results: Fifty-three robotic prostatectomy patients were included in the study. The main clinical challenge in our study group was the choice of ventilation strategy to manage respiratory acidosis, which is detected through end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure and blood gas analysis. Furthermore, the mean arterial pressure remained unchanged, the heart rate decreased significantly and required intervention. The central venous pressure values were also above the normal limits. Conclusion: Respiratory acidosis and "upper airway obstruction-like" clinical symptoms were the main challenges associated with robotic prostatectomy procedures during this study. .


Justificativa e objetivos: Embora muitas características da prostatectomia robótica sejam semelhantes àquelas de laparoscopias urológicas convencionais (como a prostatectomia por laparoscopia), o procedimento está associado a alguns inconvenientes, incluindo acesso intravenoso limitado, tempo cirúrgico relativamente longo, posição de Trendelenburg profunda e pressão intra-abdominal alta. O objetivo principal foi descrever as alterações respiratória e hemodinâmica e as complicações relacionadas à pressão intra-abdominal elevada e à posição de Trendelenburg profunda em pacientes submetidos à prostatectomia robótica. O objetivo secundário foi revelar critérios seguros de alta do centro cirúrgico. Métodos: Foram inscritos prospectivamente 53 pacientes submetidos à prostatectomia robótica entre dezembro de 2009 e janeiro de 2011. As medidas de desfecho primário foram: monitoramento não invasivo, monitoramento invasivo e gasometria feita em decúbito dorsal (T0), Trendelenburg (T1), Trendelenburg + pneumoperitônio (T2), Trendelenburg pré-desinsuflação (T3), Trendelenburg pós-desinsuflação (T4) e posições supinas (T5). Resultados: O principal desafio clínico em nosso grupo de estudo foi a escolha da estratégia de ventilação para controlar a acidose respiratória, que é detectada por meio da pressão de dióxido de carbono expirado e da gasometria. Além disso, a pressão arterial média permaneceu inalterada e a frequência cardíaca diminuiu significativamente e precisou de intervenção. Os valores da pressão venosa central também estavam acima dos limites normais. Conclusão: A acidose respiratória e sintomas clínicos "semelhantes à obstrução ...


Justificación y objetivos: Aunque muchas características de la prostatectomía robótica sean similares a las de las laparoscopias urológicas convencionales (como la prostatectomía laparoscópica), el procedimiento está asociado con algunos inconvenientes, incluyendo el acceso intravenoso limitado, tiempo quirúrgico relativamente largo, posición de Trendelenburg profunda y presión intraabdominal alta. El objetivo principal fue describir las alteraciones respiratorias y hemodinámicas y las complicaciones relacionadas con la presión intraabdominal elevada y con la posición de Trendelenburg profunda en pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía robótica. El objetivo secundario fue revelar criterios seguros de alta del quirófano. Métodos: Cincuenta y tres pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía robótica entre diciembre de 2009 y enero de 2011 fueron incluidos en un estudio prospectivo. Las principales medidas de resultado fueron: monitorización no invasiva, monitorización invasiva y gasometría realizada en decúbito dorsal (T0), Trendelenburg (T1), Trendelenburg + neumoperitoneo (T2), Trendelenburg predesinsuflación (T3), Trendelenburg posdesinsuflación (T4) y posiciones supinas (T5). Resultados: Cincuenta y tres pacientes sometidos a prostatectomía robótica fueron incluidos en el estudio. El principal reto clínico en nuestro grupo de estudio fue la elección de la estrategia de ventilación para controlar la acidosis respiratoria, que es detectada por medio de la presión de dióxido de carbono espirado y la gasometría. Además, la presión arterial media permaneció inalterada, y la frecuencia cardíaca disminuyó significativamente y fue necesario intervenir. Los valores de la presión venosa central también estaban por encima de los límites normales. ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostatectomy/instrumentation , Acidosis, Respiratory/diagnosis , Robotics/methods , Prospective Studies , Noninvasive Ventilation , Intubation
19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 469-472, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65150

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is one of the main causes of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). IAH contributes to multiple physiologic alterations and leads to the development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) that induces multiorgan failure. We report a case of ACS in a patient with severe acute pancreatitis. A 44-year-old man who was admitted in a drunk state was found to have severe acute pancreatitis. During management with fluid resuscitation in an intensive care unit, drowsy mentality, respiratory acidosis, shock requiring inotropes, and oliguria developed in the patient, with his abdomen tensely distended. With a presumptive diagnosis of ACS, abdominal decompression through percutaneous catheter drainage was performed immediately. The intraperitoneal pressure measured with a drainage catheter was 31 mm Hg. After abdominal decompression, the multiorgan failure was reversed. We present a case of ACS managed with percutaneous catheter decompression.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Acidosis, Respiratory , Adult , Catheters , Decompression , Diagnosis , Drainage , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Lower Body Negative Pressure , Oliguria , Pancreatitis , Resuscitation , Shock , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212415

ABSTRACT

Zoletil is a non-opioid, non-barbiturate animal anesthetic and proprietary combination of two drugs, a dissociative anesthetic drug, tiletamine, with the benzodiazepine anxiolytic drug, zolazepam. Zoletil has greater potency than ketamine. Zoletil is abused for recreational purposes, especially by people with easy access to medicine. However, in Korea, it is available over-the-counter. Here we report on a case of an 83-year-old woman who received injection of seven vials of "Zoletil 50" by her daughter and presented with an altered mental change. Her mental state was stupor and vital sign was hypotension, bradycardia. Her blood tests indicated metabolic and respiratory acidosis and hyperkalemia. She was treated with intravenous naloxone and flumazenil but was not responsive. She was admitted to the ICU and treated with supportive therapy. Her mental state showed transient recovery, however, her clinical manifestation worsened and she expired.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Respiratory , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Benzodiazepines , Bradycardia , Drug Combinations , Female , Flumazenil , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Hyperkalemia , Hypotension , Ketamine , Korea , Naloxone , Nuclear Family , Stupor , Tiletamine , Vital Signs , Zolazepam
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