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1.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 10-17, Sep.-Dec. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529065

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteomyelitis is defined as the inflammation of the either medullary, cortical, or cancellous bone, including nerves and blood vessels, causing necrosis and bone sequestrum formation; this condition has become a rare pathology, and odontogenic infections are considered the most frequent causal factor. This case shows a patient with bi-maxillary osteomyelitis caused by Actinomyces spp, which was worsened for severe COVID-19 infection. Patient was submitted at surgery as, amplified total bilateral maxillectomy through the surgical technique Weber-Fergusson, and prolonged use of combination of antibiotics, achieved a good recovery. Two years later follow- up, the patient no show imaging or clinical evidence of the infection of osteomyelitis. The present case shows an interesting relationship between a rare infection and its association with COVID-19.


Resumen La osteomielitis se define como la inflamación del hueso medular, cortical o esponjoso, incluyendo nervios y vasos sanguíneos, causando necrosis y formación de secuestro óseo; esta condición es una patología rara, y las infecciones odontogénicas son consideradas como el factor causal más frecuente. En este caso, se muestra un paciente con osteomielitis bi-maxilar causada por Actinomyces spp, la cual empeoró por la infección de COVID-19 severo. El paciente fue sometido a una cirugía, maxilectomía bilateral total amplificada, a través de la técnica quirúrgica de Weber- Fergusson, y el uso prolongado de una combinación de antibióticos, logrando una buena recuperación. A los 2 años de seguimiento, el paciente no mostró evidencia clínica o imagenológica de la infección de osteomielitis. El presente caso muestra una interesante relación entre una infección rara y su asociación con COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis/diagnostic imaging , Actinomycosis/drug therapy , Surgery, Oral , COVID-19
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(3): 1101251, sept.-dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426046

ABSTRACT

La persistencia de lesiones perirradiculares luego del tra- tamiento endodóntico es un problema que requiere del clínico un conocimiento cabal de la histofisiología y de la histopato- logía del sistema de conductos radiculares del tejido pulpar y de los tejidos perirradiculares (periodonto y hueso); además de considerar siempre la posible existencia de enfermedades sistémicas que también pueden actuar como factores de in- fluencia. La presencia de bacterias remanentes a posteriori del tratamiento es considerada como una de las causas principales y más frecuentes para la perpetuación de las lesiones perirra- diculares. Sin embargo, existen otros factores causales, como la existencia de conductos laterales o accesorios infectados y no tratados, la reabsorción dentinaria interna, intercomunica- ciones, cul-de-sacs o istmos; que representan áreas de difícil acceso durante la instrumentación e irrigación. Cuando la cau- sa original se localiza en la zona perirradicular, como en los casos de actinomicosis, reacciones a cuerpo extraño, cristales de colesterol (CRCo) y granulomas o quistes con alto conte- nido de CRCo, la indicación más adecuada es el retratamiento y la cirugía periapical como complemento (AU)


The persistence of periradicular lesions after endodontic treatment is a problem that requires the doctor to have a thor- ough knowledge of the histophysiology and histopathology of the root canal system, the pulp tissue and periradicular tis- sues (periodontium and bone); as well as always considering the possible existence of systemic alterations that can also be influencing factors. Persisting bacteria within the root canal system after treatment is one of the major and most frequent causes for the perpetuation of periradicular lesions. Howev- er, there are other possible causal factors such as the exist- ence of untreated lateral or accessory canals, internal dentin resorption, intercommunications, cul-de-sacs or isthmuses; areas that represent a difficulty in access during instrumen- tation and irrigation. If the original cause is located in the periradicular area, in cases like actinomycosis, foreign-body reactions, cholesterol crystals (CRCo) and granulomas or cysts with high content of CRCo, retreatment coupled with periapical surgery is the best approach to treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Diseases/etiology , Dental Pulp Diseases/etiology , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Persistent Infection/complications , Periapical Diseases/surgery , Actinomycosis/pathology , Radicular Cyst/complications , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Retreatment/methods , Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria/pathogenicity
3.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 85 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371207

ABSTRACT

O objetivo geral do presente estudo foi avaliar a aplicação dos jatos de plasma de baixa temperatura sob pressão atmosférica (PBTPA) produzidos por gás de argônio e hélio como gases de trabalho, no controle de biofilmes cariogênicos. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos os parâmetros físicos dos PBTPA gerados com argônio e hélio que se mostraram efetivos frente a biofilmes mono, dual e polimicrobianos compostos por combinações das espécies Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguinis, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Candida albicans e Actinomyces naeslundii. Os biofilmes mono, dual e multi-espécies foram submetidos ao tratamento com PBTPA produzidos por dois dispositivos diferentes, um obtido comercialmente (kINPen09®) que usou argônio como gás de trabalho, e outro protótipo desenvolvido pela FEG-UNESP (Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratinguetá) que usou hélio. Análises quantitativas e microscópicas (confocal, microscopia eletrônica de varredura) foram realizadas. Foi incluído controle negativo (sem tratamento), positivo (clorexidina 0,12%) e controle de gás, utilizando apenas fluxo de gás, sem produzir plasma. Além disso, os efeitos celulares do PBTPAargônio e hélio sobre biofilme dual e multi-espécies também foram analisados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura e microscopia de varredura a laser confocal. Todos os ensaios foram realizados em triplicata em três experimentos independentes. Os resultados foram tabulados e analisados quanto à distribuição. A seguir, os testes estatísticos mais adequados foram selecionados. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Os resultados obtidos para os tratamentos dos biofilmes mono, dual ou multi-espécies com PBTPA-argônio e hélio foram todos significativos em comparação ao controle negativo em todos os tempos analisados. Para PBTPA-argônio, não houve recuperação de S. gordonii e S. sanguinis em todos tempos analisados. Para PBTPA-hélio, os melhores resultados foram obtidos em 5 e 7 minutos de exposição dos biofilmes ao PBTPA. Finalmente, tanto o dispositivo gerador de PBTPA que trabalhou com gás argônio quanto o dispositivo que trabalhou com gás hélio, demonstraram resultados promissores e poderão contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos protocolos de Odontologia de Intervenção Mínima. (AU) The general objective of this study was to evaluate the application of lowtemperature plasma under atmospheric pressure (PBTPA) of argon and helium flow, in the control of cariogenic biofilms. For this, the effective physical parameters of PBTPA-argon and helium in mono, dual and polymicrobial biofilms composed of combinations of the species Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguinis, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Candida albicans and Actinomyces naeslundii were established. The multi-species biofilms were treated by different PBTPA generating devices, one obtained commercially (kINPen09®) that used argon as working gas, and another prototype developed by FEG-UNESP (Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratinguetá) that used helium as working gas. Quantitative and microscopic analyzes (confocal, scanning electron microscopy) were performed. Negative control (no treatment), positive control (chlorhexidine 2%) and gas control (argon) were included. Besides that, cellular effects of PBTPA-argon and helium on dual and multi-species biofilms were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The results obtained for the treatments of mono, dual or multispecies biofilms with both PBTPA-argon and helium were all significant when compared to the negative control at all times analyzed. For PBTPA-argon, there was no recovery of S. gordonii and S. sanguinis at all analyzed times. For PBTPA-helium, the best results were obtained at 5 and 7 min of exposure of biofilms to PBTPA. All the tests were carried out in triplicate in three independent experiments. The results are tabulated and analyzed in terms of distribution. Next, the most suitable statistical tests were selected. The level of significance was 5%. The results obtained for the treatments of mono, dual or multi-species biofilms with PBTPA-argon and helium were all significant compared to the negative control at all analyzed times. Finally, both PBTPA generating could contribute to the development of new protocols for Minimal Intervention Dentistry (AU)


O objetivo geral do presente estudo foi avaliar a aplicação dos jatos de plasma de baixa temperatura sob pressão atmosférica (PBTPA) produzidos por gás de argônio e hélio como gases de trabalho, no controle de biofilmes cariogênicos. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos os parâmetros físicos dos PBTPA gerados com argônio e hélio que se mostraram efetivos frente a biofilmes mono, dual e polimicrobianos compostos por combinações das espécies Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguinis, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Candida albicans e Actinomyces naeslundii. Os biofilmes mono, dual e multi-espécies foram submetidos ao tratamento com PBTPA produzidos por dois dispositivos diferentes, um obtido comercialmente (kINPen09®) que usou argônio como gás de trabalho, e outro protótipo desenvolvido pela FEG-UNESP (Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratinguetá) que usou hélio. Análises quantitativas e microscópicas (confocal, microscopia eletrônica de varredura) foram realizadas. Foi incluído controle negativo (sem tratamento), positivo (clorexidina 0,12%) e controle de gás, utilizando apenas fluxo de gás, sem produzir plasma. Além disso, os efeitos celulares do PBTPAargônio e hélio sobre biofilme dual e multi-espécies também foram analisados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura e microscopia de varredura a laser confocal. Todos os ensaios foram realizados em triplicata em três experimentos independentes. Os resultados foram tabulados e analisados quanto à distribuição. A seguir, os testes estatísticos mais adequados foram selecionados. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Os resultados obtidos para os tratamentos dos biofilmes mono, dual ou multi-espécies com PBTPA-argônio e hélio foram todos significativos em comparação ao controle negativo em todos os tempos analisados. Para PBTPA-argônio, não houve recuperação de S. gordonii e S. sanguinis em todos tempos analisados. Para PBTPA-hélio, os melhores resultados foram obtidos em 5 e 7 minutos de exposição dos biofilmes ao PBTPA. Finalmente, tanto o dispositivo gerador de PBTPA que trabalhou com gás argônio quanto o dispositivo que trabalhou com gás hélio, demonstraram resultados promissores e poderão contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos protocolos de Odontologia de Intervenção Mínima. (AU)


Subject(s)
Plasma , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus sanguis , Actinomycosis , Candida albicans , Dental Caries , Dental Plaque , Streptococcus gordonii , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Lacticaseibacillus casei
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 322-325, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388655

ABSTRACT

Resumen La actinomicosis pélvica es una infección bacteriana supurativa crónica, producida por especies de Actinomyces, principalmente Actinomyces israelii, que afecta el aparato genital interno y las estructuras vecinas, asociada al uso prolongado de dispositivo intrauterino sin control en casi la totalidad de los casos descritos en mujeres. La actinomicosis pélvica suele presentarse como un absceso tubo-ovárico y con menor frecuencia como una actinomicosis pélvica invasiva (API). La API se propaga por contigüidad desde el aparato genital hacia las vísceras adyacentes, originando un tumor pélvico difuso, de consistencia leñosa, pseudotumoral, que a menudo se confunde con una neoplasia pélvica. La API representa un gran desafío para el ginecólogo por las dificultades en su diagnóstico y manejo. Se presentan dos casos de API y se revisan los procedimientos diagnósticos y terapéuticos recomendados actualmente para el enfrentamiento de esta patología.


Abstract Pelvic actinomycosis (PA) is a chronic suppurative bacterial infection, produced by Actinomyces, mainly Actinomyces israelii. It affects the internal genital tract, adjacent structures and is associated with a prolonged intrauterine device use with an inadequate control in almost all described cases in women. Pelvic actinomycosis usually presents as a tube ovarian abscess and less frequently as invasive pelvic actinomycosis (IPA). The IPA spreads contiguously from the genital tract to adjacent viscera, causing a diffuse, woody, pseudotumoral pelvic tumor that is frequently confused with a pelvic neoplasm. The IPA represents a great challenge for the gynecologist due to the difficulties in the diagnosis and management of this disease. Two cases of IPA are presented and the currently recommended diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for dealing with this pathology are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/etiology , Pelvic Infection/diagnosis , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Actinomycosis/drug therapy , Pelvic Infection/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3212-3221, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251938

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de una actinomicosis ósea, que se manifestó como una lesión de la piel en la zona correspondiente al segundo metatarsiano izquierdo. Por el antecedente de ser la paciente operada de un tumor de células gigantes, se pensó en una recidiva tumoral. Fue intervenida quirúrgicamente y se realizó exéresis del segundo metatarsiano y de la piel afectada. La biopsia informó actinomicosis. Se trató a la paciente con amoxicilina; evolucionando satisfactoriamente, y dando seguimiento en consulta (AU).


ABSTRACT The authors presented the case of a bone actinomycosis expressed as a skin lesion in the area of the second left metatarsals. Due to the antecedent of having undergone a surgery of a giant cell tumor, a tumor recurrence was thought. Surgical intervention was performed and the excision of the second metatarsals and affected skin was performed. The biopsy reported Actinomycosis. The patient was treated with amoxicillin. She had a satisfactory evolution and is still followed up in consultation (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Forefoot, Human/pathology , Patients , Therapeutics , Biopsy/methods , Bone Diseases, Infectious/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/surgery , Actinomycosis/complications , Case Reports
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e153-e157, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152048

ABSTRACT

La actinomicosis es una infección causada por un bacilo anaerobio Gram-positivo, filamentoso, ramificado, no esporulado. Integra la flora habitual de la orofaringe y coloniza transitoriamente el tracto gastrointestinal, genital femenino y el árbol bronquial. Es poco frecuente en el hueso temporal. Por su semejanza a un hongo, es difícil su reconocimiento, lo que hace necesaria la sospecha clínica para obtener los cultivos apropiados en condiciones anaeróbicas en forma prolongada. Los hallazgos microscópicos típicos incluyen necrosis con gránulos de azufre amarillento y la presencia de filamentos que se asemejan a infecciones fúngicas. El tratamiento requiere de elevadas y prolongadas dosis de antibiótico con penicilina o amoxicilina, entre 6 y 12 meses. La duración de la terapia antimicrobiana podría ser reducida en pacientes que han sido operados quirúrgicamente. Se presenta, a continuación, un caso clínico de actinomicosis en el hueso temporal en un paciente pediátrico que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico para su resolución.


Actinomycosis is an infection caused by a Gram-positive, filamentous anaerobic bacillus. Mainly belonging to the human commensal flora of the oropharynx, it normally colonizes the human digestive and genital tracts and the bronchial tree. It is slightly frequent in the temporal bone. Bacterial cultures and pathology are the cornerstone of diagnosis, but particular conditions are required in order to get the correct diagnosis. Prolonged bacterial cultures in anaerobic conditions are necessary to identify the bacterium and typical microscopic findings include necrosis with yellowish sulfur granules and filamentous Gram-positive fungal-like pathogens. Patients with actinomycosis require prolonged (6- to 12-month) high doses of penicillin G or amoxicillin, but the duration of antimicrobial therapy could probably be shortened in patients in whom optimal surgical resection of infected tissues has been performed. A pediatric patient with actinomycosis in temporal bone who needed surgery resolution is reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Temporal Bone , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/surgery , Actinomycosis/therapy , Mastoiditis
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): 2020137, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087663

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis is an uncommon, endogenous, and chronic infection with varied and nonspecific clinical features such as abdominal, pelvic or cervical masses, ulcerative lesions, abscesses, draining fistula, fibrosis, and constitutional symptoms. The disease ensues when the bacteria disrupt the mucosal barrier, invade, and spread throughout interfascial planes. Currently, the diagnosis of actinomycosis is challenging because of its very low frequency and depending on the clinical presentation it may masquerade malignancies. Therapy consists initially in intravenous penicillin, followed by an oral regimen that may be extended until a year of treatment. A timely diagnosis is crucial to avoid extensive therapeutic attempt as surgery. However, a biopsy or drainage of abscesses and fistula's tract may be required not only as a diagnostic procedure as part of the therapy. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman with an abdominal mass initially misdiagnosed as a liposarcoma. A second biopsy of a skin lesion of the abdominal wall made the diagnosis of actinomycosis, avoiding a major surgical procedure. The patient was treated with a long-term course of antibiotics with favorable outcome. Liposarcoma was ruled out after the patient's full recovery with antibiotics and the misdiagnosis was credit to the overconfidence on the immunohistochemical positivity to MDM2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Abdomen/abnormalities , Liposarcoma/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
10.
Medwave ; 20(7): e7986, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122534

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La actinomicosis es una enfermedad infecciosa poco frecuente, ocasionada por una bacteria Gram positiva. La especie más común es Actinomyces israelii. Dentro de sus formas de presentación, la torácica es la menos frecuente. PRESENTACIÓN DE CASOS: Reportamos dos pacientes con actinomicosis torácica de 8 y 13 años de diferentes zonas geográficas de Perú. El primer caso tuvo empiema necessitatis y el segundo, consolidación pulmonar y hemoptisis recurrente. Ambos tuvieron cierto grado de dificultad en su diagnóstico, pero con una buena respuesta al tratamiento antibiótico y quirúrgico. El diagnóstico fue mediante estudio histopatológico. Sin embargo, no se pudo identificar la especie de Actinomyces. CONCLUSIÓN: La actinomicosis torácica es poco frecuente en niños y se presenta como una lesión parenquimal con posible fistulización a la pared torácica. Este es uno de los pocos casos reportados en la literatura peruana, constituyendo una contribución al conocimiento de esta enfermedad y su manejo en pediatría.


INTRODUCTION: Actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Gram-positive bacteria. The most common species is Actinomyces israelii. Among its forms of presentation, the thoracic is the least frequent. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two patients with thoracic actinomycosis, 8 and 13 years old, from different geographical areas of Peru. The first case had empyema necessitans and the second, lung consolidation and recurrent hemoptysis. Both had a certain degree of difficulty in their diagnosis but responded favorably to antibiotics and surgical treatment. The diagnosis was based on the histopathological study. However, we were not able to ascertain the species of actinomyces. CONCLUSION: Thoracic actinomycosis is rare in children and presents as a parenchymal lesion with possible fistulization to the chest wall. This article is one of the few in the Peruvian literature, constituting a contribution to the knowledge of the disease and its management in pediatrics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Actinomyces/isolation & purification , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Peru , Actinomycosis/microbiology , Actinomycosis/therapy , Lung Diseases/microbiology , Lung Diseases/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 381-384, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056646

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease that affects abdominal organs and simulates oncological disease, hardly ever presents itself as a cause of intestinal obstruction. Symptoms: A 43 years old, male patient with two months of left abdominal pain associated to a growth and an 8 kg weight loss, no fever or bowel habit disruption. Interventions: A colonoscopy and an abdominal scanography. Results: A solid heterogeneous 7 × 3.8 cm mass localized in the splenic flexure of the colon with infiltration of its walls and its surrounding fat. Colon cancer was considered as the first diagnostic possibility. During hospitalization, the patient was taken to an emergency exploratory laparotomy, due to an acute abdominal pain with bowel obstruction symptoms. Histopathological diagnosis: Actinomycetoma. Conjoint continuous monitoring with the infectious disease attending, abdominal US and observation did not show new growths. Weight gain and progressive return to daily life was obtained within 8 weeks. Conclusion: In low income countries, intestinal actinomycosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal masses and chronic inflammatory processes, patient prognosis with proper management is excellent.


Resumo Introdução: A actinomicose é uma doença infecciosa rara que acomete órgãos abdominais, simula doença oncológica e dificilmente causa de obstrução intestinal. Sintomas: Paciente do sexo masculino, 43 anos, com quadro de dor abdominal esquerda por dois meses, associado ao surgimento de massa e perda de peso de 8 kg, sem febre ou alterações dos hábitos intestinais. Intervenções: Colonoscopia e uma tomografia computadorizada abdominal. Resultados: Observou-se massa sólida heterogênea de 7 × 3,8 cm localizada na flexão esplênica do cólon, com infiltração de suas paredes e gordura adjacente. Câncer de cólon foi a primeira possibilidade diagnóstica considerada. Durante a internação, o paciente foi submetido a uma laparotomia exploradora de emergência, devido a uma dor abdominal aguda com sintomas de obstrução intestinal. Diagnóstico histopatológico: Actinomicetoma. Monitoramento contínuo em conjunto com o tratamento da infecção, ultrassom abdominal e observação; não foram observados novos crescimentos. Ganho de peso e retorno progressivo à vida diária foram observados por oito semanas. Conclusão: Em países de baixa renda, a actinomicose intestinal deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de massas abdominais e processos inflamatórios crônicos; com manejo adequado, o prognóstico é excelente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Actinomycosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Colonoscopy
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 557-561, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058318

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La actinomicosis, es una infección crónica rara producida por bacterias del género Actinomyces sp. La afectación pélvica es una de sus formas más infrecuentes y en gran parte de los casos se relaciona al uso de un dispositivo intrauterino de larga data o a una cirugía previa. Como otras enfermedades raras, la infección es conocida como "la gran imitadora" por su variada forma de presentación y particular comportamiento pudiendo simular una neoplasia. El tratamiento es fundamentalmente médico y de buenos resultados. Caso Clínico: Damos a conocer el caso de una paciente que se presentó con un cuadro compatible con un tumor de recto, pero que resultó ser actinomicosis. El diagnóstico se realizó en base a la tinción de Gram, el cuadro clínico y el antecedente de un dispositivo intrauterino abandonado por más de 25 años. Fue corroborado posteriormente mediante anatomía patológica y tratada en forma exitosa con antibióticos por un periodo extendido. Conclusión: Si bien la actinomicosis es una patología infrecuente, debe ser considerada en el diagnóstico diferencial de los pacientes que se presentan con tumores de la pelvis. Un alto índice de sospecha y una actitud diagnóstica activa son fundamentales para un tratamiento oportuno, seguro y eficaz de esta enfermedad.


Introduction: Actinomycosis is a rare chronic infection caused by bacterias of the genus Actinomyces sp. Pelvic involvement is one of its most infrequent forms and in many cases it is related to the use of a longstanding intrauterine device or a previous surgery. Like other rare diseases, the infection is known as "the great imitator" because of its varied form of presentation and its particular behavior, which can simulate a neoplasm. The treatment is fundamentally medical with good results. Case Report: We present the case of a patient who presented with a rectal tumor but that turned out to be Actinomycosis. The diagnosis was made based on the Gram stain, the clinical presentation and the history of an intrauterine device left for more than 25 years. It was subsequently corroborated by pathological anatomy and successfully treated with antibiotics for an extended period. Conclusion: Although actinomycosis is an infrequent pathology, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients who present with tumors of the pelvis. An active diagnostic attitude and a high index of suspicion are fundamental for the timely, safe and effective treatment of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Actinomyces/isolation & purification , Actinomycosis/etiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Intrauterine Devices/microbiology
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1033-1037, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012392

ABSTRACT

La infección por Actinomices (actinomicosis), es una entidad poco frecuente y que puede crear dificultades diagnósticas y terapéuticas; principalmente cuando por su presentación se asemeja a neoplasias malignas. El objetivo de este estudio fue reportar un caso de actinomicosis de pared abdominal con infiltración hepática y revisar la evidencia existente. Se trata de una paciente sexo femenino, de 33 años de edad, sin antecedentes quirúrgicos ni de utilización de dispositivos intra-uterinos. Consultó por dolor abdominal y masa palpable a nivel epigástrico. Se estudió con imágenes, las que permitieron verificar una masa de pared abdominal con trayecto fistuloso al hígado. Se realizó una exéresis amplia de la lesión antes descrita. Una vez extirpado el espécimen, se fue a estudio histopatológico, que reveló gránulos de azufre consistentes con actinomices. La paciente evolució de forma satisfactoria, sin inconvenientes. Presentamos un caso poco común de actinomicosis de pared abdominal con infiltración hepática. Cuando se encuentra una gran masa intraperitoneal, la actinomicosis debe incluirse en el proceso de diagnóstico diferencial.


Actinomyces infection (actinomycosis) may create diagnostic conflicts and be confused with malignant neoplasms, especially in the abdomen. The objective of this study was to report a case of abdominal wall actinomycosis with hepatic infiltration, and review the existing evidence. Female patient, 33 years of age, with no surgical history or use of intra-uterine devices. She consulted for abdominal pain and palpable mass at the epigastrium. It was studied with images, which allowed verifying an abdominal wall mass with hepatic fistulae. A broad extirpation of the lesion was performed. The histological study revealed sulfur granules consistent with actinomyces. The patient has evolved satisfactorily, without problems; and is currently in treatment with amoxicillin. We present an unusual case of abdominal wall actinomycosis with hepatic infiltration that resulted in a difficult diagnosis. When a large intraperitoneal mass is found, actinomycosis needs to be included as a differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/surgery , Actinomycosis/pathology , Abdominal Wall/microbiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Liver Abscess/etiology , Abdominal Neoplasms/diagnosis
14.
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 19(3): 89-95, Set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1022505

ABSTRACT

Se reporta el caso de un paciente de 58 años, quien acude al hospital con tiempo de enfermedad de 8 meses caracterizado por múltiples abscesos en piel y tejidos blandos, asociado a pérdida de peso de aproximadamente 20 kg, hipoalbuminemia severa, anemia moderada y poliserositis. Se realizaron diversos estudios de imágenes que evidenciaron colecciones en plano muscular de muslo izquierdo. Además, en la ecografía de abdomen, pelvis y tórax se reportó nefropatía intersticial bilateral, ascitis y derrame pleural bilateral. El estudio histopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de actinomicosis. Por las manifestaciones sistémicas y la distribución difusa de los abscesos, clínicamente correspondía a un caso de actinomicosis diseminada, por lo que recibió tratamiento antibiótico endovenoso con penicilina G sódica por 4 semanas, y luego, amoxicilina por vía oral. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y los abscesos remitieron.


This case report describes a 58-year-old patient who visited the hospital after an 8-month disease period characterized by multiple skin and soft tissue abscesses associated with an approximately 20-kg weight loss, severe hypoalbuminemia, moderate anemia and polyserositis. Several imaging tests revealed abscesses on the left thigh muscle. Additionally, abdomen, pelvis and thorax ultrasounds showed bilateral interstitial nephropathy, ascites and bilateral pleural effusion. The histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of actinomycosis. Given the systemic manifestations and diffuse distribution of the abscesses, the case was clinically consistent with disseminated actinomycosis. Therefore, the patient received IV antibiotic treatment with penicillin G sodium for 4 weeks and then with amoxicillin p.o. The patient evolved favorably and exhibited abscess remission.


Subject(s)
Male , Actinomycosis , Skin , Suppuration
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(7): 463-466, July 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Asymptomatic female genital tract colonization with Actinomyces spp is not uncommon, particularly among intrauterine device users. Pelvic actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. The clinical picture can resemble an advanced ovarian malignancy. We report a case of pelvic actinomycosis mimicking ovarian malignancy diagnosed postoperatively. Preoperative diagnosis is possible if there is a high index of suspicion, obviating extensive surgery and preserving fertility, since long term antibiotic treatment can be completely effective. Pelvic actinomycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of women presenting a pelvic mass, especially if there is intrauterine device use history.


Resumo A colonização assintomática do aparelho genital feminino por Actinomyces spp não é infrequente, sobretudo em utilizadoras de dispositivo intra-uterino. A actinomicose pélvica é uma doença extremamente rara. O quadro clínico pode assemelhar-se ao de uma neoplasia maligna do ovário avançada. Relatamos um caso de actinomicose pélvica, simulando uma neoplasia maligna do ovário, com diagnóstico pós-operatório. O diagnóstico pré-operatório é possível se houver um elevado grau de suspeição, permitindo evitar cirurgias extensas e preservar a fertilidade, uma vez que o tratamento antibiótico prolongado pode ser totalmente eficaz. A actinomicose pélvica deve ser incluída no diagnóstico diferencial da mulher que apresente uma massa pélvica, sobretudo se houver história de uso de dispositivo intra-uterino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Actinomyces/isolation & purification , Actinomycosis/diagnosis , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Actinomycosis/therapy , Actinomycosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
16.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(2): 160-163, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058508

ABSTRACT

La patología esofágica es común en pacientes con VIH, frecuentemente debido a Candida, citomegalovirus o virus herpes simple. Sin embargo, la actinomicosis esofágica es una infección rara, incluso en pacientes con infección VIH. Reportamos el caso en un paciente varón de 33 años, con diagnóstico reciente de VIH que acudió a consulta por fiebre, odinofagia, disfagia y dolor retroesternal. La endoscopia digestiva alta evidenció múltiples úlceras esofágicas y el informe histopatológico de la biopsia esofágica describió una esofagitis crónica con presencia de colonias de bacilos PAS positivos, compatibles con Actinomyces, iniciando tratamiento antimicrobiano con evolución favorable. Aunque es una enfermedad no común, cerca de un tercio de los casos de actinomicosis esofágica se presentan en pacientes con infección VIH, y es preciso el estudio endoscópico con toma de biopsia para definir el diagnóstico y manejo apropiado.


Esophageal pathology is common in patients with HIV, frequently due to Candida, cytomegalovirus or herpes virus. However, esophageal actinomycosis is a rare infection, even in patients with HIV. We report the case of a 33-year-old male patient, with a recent diagnosis of HIV who was admitted for fever, odynophagia, dysphagia and retrosternal pain. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy evidenced multiple esophageal ulcers and the histopathological report of the esophageal biopsy described a chronic esophagitis with colonies of PAS positive bacilli, compatible with Actinomyces, initiating favorable antimicrobial therapy. Although it is an uncommon disease, about one-third of cases of esophageal actinomycosis occur in patients with HIV infection, and endoscopic biopsies are required to define diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Actinomycosis/etiology , HIV Infections/complications , Esophagitis/etiology , Chronic Disease , Esophagitis/microbiology
17.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 136-141, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764170

ABSTRACT

Pelvic actinomycosis is an uncommon infectious disease. It induces a chronic, suppurative illness characterized by an infiltrative and granulomatous response and, thus, the clinical and radiologic findings may mimic other inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. A 56-year-old female with a long-standing intrauterine device was diagnosed with pelvic actinomycosis manifesting as a large uterine mass with locally infiltrative spread into surrounding tissue that mimicked uterine malignancy. Actinomyces israelii infection was confirmed with a surgical specimen, and the patient was treated with antibiotic medication. Pelvic actinomycosis must be included in the differential diagnoses of patients with an infiltrative pelvic mass extending across tissue planes or in patients with findings of multiple microabscesses, particularly in a patient with an intrauterine device, even the lesion primarily involves the uterus.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Actinomyces , Actinomycosis , Communicable Diseases , Diagnosis, Differential , Intrauterine Devices , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Uterus
18.
Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 46-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761524

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Actinomycosis , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 46-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787172

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Actinomycosis , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
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