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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880162

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of zyxin on the distribution of platelet cytoskeleton.@*METHODS@#Platelets were isolated from zyxin-knockout (Zyx@*RESULTS@#After zyxin gene was knockout, the expressions of cytoskeleton proteins β-actin, α-actinin, filamin A, and myosin Ⅱ A in resting and Jas-induced platelets were significantly increased. In the platelet spreading on fibrinogen surface, F-actin was increased in Zyx@*CONCLUSION@#Zyxin significantly regulates the distribution of platelet cytoskeleton, which plays an important role in maintaining platelet cytoskeleton homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Actinin , Actins , Animals , Blood Platelets , Cytoskeleton , Mice , Zyxin
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200106, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1154774

ABSTRACT

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated from avian cellulitis lesions produces a toxin, named Escherichia coli vacuolating factor (ECVF), that causes cell vacuolization and induces inflammatory response in broiler chicken. Methods We investigated the intracellular activities of ECVF in avian fibroblasts using fluorescence staining, electron microscopy, MTT and LDH measurements. As ECVF act specifically in avian cells, we performed blotting assay followed by mass spectrometry to better understand its initial intracellular protein recognition. Results ECVF induced actin contraction, mitochondrial damage and membrane permeability alterations. Ultrastructural analysis showed intracellular alterations, as nuclear lobulation and the presence of degraded structures inside the vacuoles. Moreover, ECVF induced cell death in fibroblasts. ECVF-biotin associates to at least two proteins only in avian cell lysates: alpha-actinin 4 and vinculin, both involved in cytoskeleton structure. Conclusion These findings demonstrated that ECVF plays an important role in avian cellulitis, markedly in initial steps of infection. Taken together, the results place this toxin as a target for drug and/or vaccine development, instead of the use of large amounts antibiotics.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Vacuoles , Actin Cytoskeleton , Chickens , Actins , Escherichia coli , Fibroblasts , Cellulitis
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1767-1778, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134510

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Acrylamide (ACR) is a cytotoxic and carcinogenic material. It is a product of a Maillard reaction during the cooking of many types of fried fast food, e.g. potato chip fries, and chicken nuggets. ACR has a severe toxic effect on different body organs. This study investigates the hepatotoxic effect of ACR, and the protective effect of ascorbic acid and silymarin. For this purpose, forty adult, male, albino rats were divided into four groups and received the following treatments for fourteen days: Group I: (the control) normal saline; Group II: ACR only; Group III: ACR and ascorbic acid; and Group IV: ACR and silymarin. Under a light microscope, the liver from rats treated with ACR only presented disturbed liver architecture, degenerated hepatocytes, reduced glycogen contents, congested central vein, and increased collagen fibres with areas of fibrosis. Immunohistochemical examination revealed an increased mean number of CD68-, and α-SMA-positive cells. This indicates the presence of large numbers of stellate macrophages (Kupffer cells) and Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The combination of ACR with either ascorbic acid or silymarin resulted in less hepatic degeneration, less fibrosis and fewer CD68 and α-SMA positive cells compared to the ACR only group. In conclusion, treatment with silymarin or ascorbic acid along with ACR appears to alleviate ACR-induced hepatotoxicity with more protection in silymarin treated rats.


RESUMEN: La acrilamida (ACR) es un material citotóxico y cancerígeno. Es producto de la reacción de Maillard durante la cocción de muchos tipos de comida rápida y frita, por ejemplo: papas fritas y nuggets de pollo. ACR tiene un efecto tóxico severo en diferentes órganos del cuerpo. Este estudio investigó el efecto hepatotóxico del ACR y el efecto protector del ácido ascórbico y la silimarina. Con este fin, cuarenta ratas albinas machos adultas se dividieron en cuatro grupos y recibieron los siguientes tratamientos durante catorce días: Grupo I (control), solución salina normal; Grupo II, solo ACR; Grupo III, ACR y ácido ascórbico; y Grupo IV, ACR y silimarina. Bajo microscopio óptico, el hígado de ratas tratadas con ACR solo presentó alteración de su arquitectura, entre ellos hepatocitos degenerados, contenido reducido de glucógeno, vena central congestionada y aumento de fibras de colágeno con áreas de fibrosis. El examen inmunohistoquímico reveló un aumento del número medio de células CD68 y α-SMA positivas. Esto indica la presencia de un gran número de macrófagos estrellados (células de Kupffer) y células estrelladas hepáticas (HSC). La combinación de ACR con ácido ascórbico o silimarina resultó en menos degeneración hepática, menos fibrosis y menos células positivas para CD68 y α-SMA en comparación con el grupo de ACR solo. En conclusión, el tratamiento con silimarina o ácido ascórbico junto con ACR parece aliviar la hepatotoxicidad inducida por ACR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Silymarin/pharmacology , Acrylamide/toxicity , Liver/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, CD/analysis , Actins/analysis , Hepatocytes , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/metabolism , Liver/pathology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of IL-17A in promoting the activation of lung fibroblasts and the secretion of chemokine CXCL12, and to explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Lung tissues of BALB/c mice were collected after intraperitoneal injection of recombinant mouse IL-17A (rmIL-17A). Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I in lung tissues, and immunohistochemical staining and real-time RT-PCR were used to determine the expression of CXCL12. Normal mouse primary lung fibroblasts were isolated and cultured, and identified by immunofluorescence staining with optical microscopy. Cells and supernatant of culture medium were collected after stimulation with rmIL-17A at different concentrations. mRNA levels of α-SMA, collagen I, and CXCL12 in the cells were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and the levels of collagen I and CXCL12 in the supernatant of culture medium were determined by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein levels of α-SMA and collagen I in the lung tissue of mice injected with rmIL-17A were significantly increased compared with the control group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#s: IL-17A can promote the activation of lung fibroblasts and translation into myofibroblast. The secretion of collagen is increased, which promote the deposition of extracullular matrix, and leads to the occurrence and development of lung fibrosis. CXCL12, a chemokine secreted by activated fibroblasts, may be involved in this process.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Lung/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e015, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089381

ABSTRACT

Abstract We sought to compare the characteristics and clinical significance of neutrophil extracellular traps in gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and those with gingivitis. The clinical indexes of gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and gingivitis were measured; the expression of TNF-alpha and IL-8 was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR; and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 was measured by western blotting assays. Chemotaxis, phagocytosis and phagocytic activity of neutrophils were measured. Compared with the healthy group, the expression of TNF-α and IL-8 in the periodontitis group and the gingivitis group increased significantly (p < 0.05), and TNF-α in the gingivitis group was significantly lower than that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). The expression of IL-8 in the periodontitis group was significantly higher than that in the periodontitis group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the periodontitis group was different from that in the gingivitis group and the healthy group, and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the gingivitis group was significantly different from that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). In addition, the neutrophil mobility index in healthy people was 3.02 ± 0.53, that in the periodontitis group was 2.21 ± 0.13, and that in the gingivitis group was 2.31 ± 0.12. In conclusion, the chemotaxis of neutrophils in gingival samples of patients with periodontitis and gingivitis was decreased, the phagocytotic ability and activity of neutrophils were reduced, and the release of the extracellular trap-releasing inducible factors TNF-alpha and IL-8 also declined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Periodontitis/pathology , Extracellular Traps , Gingivitis/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology , Reference Values , RNA/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-8/analysis , Actins/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Toll-Like Receptor 8/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811442

ABSTRACT

Duodenal leiomyosarcoma is a rare condition with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis of duodenal leiomyosarcoma is challenging because it presents with nonspecific symptoms and endoscopic biopsies usually do not enable a definitive diagnosis. Duodenal leiomyosarcomas are diagnosed on the basis of the histopathological identification of a mesenchymal lesion composed of malignant tumor cells that on immunohistochemical examination is positive for smooth muscle actin and desmin. We report the case of a 38-year-old man who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding and obstruction who was diagnosed with duodenal leiomyosarcoma after surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Actins , Adult , Biopsy , Desmin , Diagnosis , Duodenal Obstruction , Early Diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Leiomyosarcoma , Muscle, Smooth , Prognosis
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1493-1497, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040159

ABSTRACT

Uno de los principales factores genéticos que influenciarían el rendimiento muscular humano es el gen ACTN3, que codifica la proteína estructural del sarcómero α-actinina-3. El polimorfismo R577X (rs1815739) del gen ACTN3 ha sido asociado con varios indicadores de rendimiento muscular y físico en deportistas y población general, pero este fenómeno ha sido escasamente descrito en poblaciones de Latinoamérica y Chile. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la frecuencia genotípica y distribución alélica de los genotipos de ACTN3 R577X en deportistas universitarios chilenos. 129 deportistas universitarios chilenos representantes de diferentes selecciones deportivas (halterofilia, balonmano, voleibol, rugby, basquetbol, futbol y futsal) participaron como voluntarios. Los análisis moleculares del polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 fueron realizados mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) y restricción enzimática (RFLP). La distribución de genotipos del polimorfismo ACTN3 R577X fue RR: 34,8 % (n=45), RX: 50,4 % (n=65), XX: 14,7 % (n=19), y la frecuencia relativa de alelos fue R: 0,601 y X: 0,399. Además, se encontró asociación entre distribución de genotipos (c2= 12,26; 2 gl; p=0,002) y frecuencia relativa de alelos (c2= 11.02; 1 gl; p=0.0009) con el sexo de los participantes. Sin embargo, no hubo asociación al realizar análisis por tipo de deporte practicado. Los hallazgos de la presente investigación sugieren que el polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 está asociado con el sexo en deportistas universitarios chilenos. Además, estos resultados describen de forma inédita la distribución genotípica y frecuencia alélica de esta variante genética en población chilena, mostrando una distribución similar a otros estudios realizados en poblaciones de deportistas en Brasil, Rusia, Estados Unidos y Turquía. No obstante, también muestra diferencias con otras poblaciones generales y de deportistas.


One of the main genetic factors that influence the muscular performance is the gene that encodes the structural protein α-actinin-3 (ACTN3). The R577X polymorphism (rs1815739) of ACTN3 has been associated with indicators of muscle and physical performance in athletes and general population, but this has been scarcely described in the Latin American and Chilean population. Thus, the aim of the present study was to describe the genotypic frequency and allelic distribution of ACTN3 R577X genotypes in college athletes. A total of 129 unrelated Chilean college athletes representing various sport disciplines (weightlifting, handball, volleyball, rugby, basketball, soccer and futsal) were volunteered for the study. ACTN3 R577X gene polymorphism was analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). For the total sample the genotypes distribution for R577X polymorphism was RR: 34.8 % (n=45), RX: 50.4 % (n=65), XX: 14.7 % (n=19), and the relative frequency of alleles was R: 0,601 and X: 0,399. Moreover, an association was found between genotype distribution (c2= 12.26; 2 df; p=0.002) and allele frequencies (c2= 11.02; 1 df; p=0.0009) with the sex of the participants. However, there were no associations when performing analysis by type of sports. These findings suggest that the R577X polymorphism of the ACTN3 gene is associated with sex in Chilean college athletes. Furthermore, these results describe in an unprecedented manner, the genotypic distribution and allelic frequency of this genetic variant in Chilean population, showing a similar distribution to other studies conducted in populations of athletes in Brazil, Russia, the United States and Turkey. However, it also shows differences with other general and athletes populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Students , Actins/genetics , Athletes , Universities , Chile , Athletic Performance/physiology
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 388-393, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003032

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of tadalafil, one of the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, in a rat model of with partial and complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). METHODS: The rats were divided into 5 groups: sham (n=6), partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO, n=6), PUUO with tadalafil treatment (PUUO+T; Cialis, 10 mg/72 h, intragastric; Lilly, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA), complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (CUUO, n=6), and CUUO with tadalafil treatment (CUUO+T). RESULTS: Fifteen days after the UUO, the ureter presented changes in the layers of urothelium and significant infiltration of inflammatory cells in the PUUO and CUUO groups. Compared with the sham, PUUO and CUUO groups had severe increased inflammatory cell infiltration. The urothelial epithelium exhibited cell degeneration and loss because of the swollen, atrophic, and denuded epithelial cells in the PUUO and CUUO groups. In the PUUO+T and CUUO+T groups, the urothelium revealed less epithelial cell degeneration and loss. The expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) exhibited up-regulation in the PUUO and CUUO groups. The expression of TGF-β decreased positively correlated with that of α-SMA in the tadalafil therapy groups, PUUO+T and CUUO+T. CONCLUSION: The phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor's tadalafil reduced expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β in the obstructed ureters, measured by biochemical examinations. In addition, tadalafil decreased urothelium degeneration due to the decreased epithelial cell loss and inflammatory cell infiltration. Our results show that tadalafil prevents or slows down the onset of ureter inflammation and urothelial degeneration in rats with UUO.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Examinamos os efeitos do tadalafil em um dos inibidores da fosfodiesterase tipo 5 (PDE5) em um modelo de rato com obstrução ureteral unilateral parcial e completa (UUO). MÉTODOS: Os ratos foram divididos em cinco grupos: sham (n = 6), obstrução ureteral unilateral parcial (PUUO, n = 6), PUUO com tadalafil (PUUO T; Cialis, 10 mg/72 h, intragástrica; Lilly, Indianapolis, Indiana, EUA), completa obstrução ureteral unilateral (CUUO, n = 6) e CUUO com tratamento com tadalafil (CUUO T). RESULTADOS: Quinze dias após a UUO, o ureter apresentou alterações nas camadas de urotélio e infiltração significativa de células inflamatórias nos grupos PUUO e CUUO. Em comparação com os grupos sham, PUUO e CUUO, houve um aumento grave da infiltração de células inflamatórias. O epitélio urotelial exibiu degeneração e perda celular devido às células epiteliais inchadas, atróficas e desnudas nos grupos PUUO e CUUO. Nos grupos PUUO T e CUUO T, o urotélio revelou menor degeneração e perda de células epiteliais. Nós mostramos que a expressão da actina do músculo liso-α (α-SMA) e do fator de crescimento transformador-β (TGF-β) foram exibidas como sub-regulação nos grupos PUUO e CUUO. A expressão do TGF-β foi diminuída positivamente correlacionada com a da α-SMA nos grupos de terapia com tadalafil, PUUO T e CUUO T. CONCLUSÃO: O tadalafil do inibidor da fosfodiesterase tipo 5 reduziu as expressões α-SMA e TGF-β nos ureteres obstruídos, medidos por exames bioquímicos. Além disso, o tadalafil diminuiu a degeneração do urotélio devido à diminuição da perda de células epiteliais e da infiltração de células inflamatórias. Nossos resultados mostram que o tadalafil previne ou retarda o início da inflamação do ureter e degeneração urotelial em ratos com UUO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ureteral Obstruction/pathology , Ureteral Obstruction/drug therapy , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/pharmacology , Tadalafil/pharmacology , Reference Values , Ureter/drug effects , Ureter/pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Up-Regulation , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Actins/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/prevention & control
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(1): 3-10, Jan. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973840

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Vein graft restenosis has an adverse impact on bridge vessel circulation and patient prognosis after coronary artery bypass grafting. Objectives: We used the extravascular supporter α-cyanoacrylate (α-CA), the local application rapamycin/sirolimus (RPM), and a combination of the two (α-CA-RPM) in rat models of autogenous vein graft to stimulate vein graft change. The aim of our study was to observe the effect of α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM on vein hyperplasia. Methods: Fifty healthy Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into the following 5 groups: sham, control, α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM. Operating procedure as subsequently described was used to build models of grafted rat jugular vein on carotid artery on one side. The level of endothelin-1 (ET-1) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Grafted veins were observed via naked eye 4 weeks later; fresh veins were observed via microscope and image-processing software in hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry after having been fixed and stored" (i.e. First they were fixed and stored, and second they were observed); α-Smooth Muscle Actin (αSMA) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were measured with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Comparisons were made with single-factor analysis of variance and Fisher's least significant difference test, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: We found that intimal thickness of the α-CA, RPM, and α-CA-RPM groups was lower than that of the control group (p < 0.01), and the thickness of the α-CA-RPM group was notably lower than that of the α-CA and RPM groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: RPM combined with α-CA contributes to inhibiting intimal hyperplasia in rat models and is more effective for vascular patency than individual use of either α-CA or RPM.


Resumo Fundamento: Reestenose de enxertos venosos tem um impacto adverso na circulação de pontagens e no prognóstico de pacientes após a cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica. Objetivos: Nós utilizamos α-cianoacrilato (α-CA) como suporte extravascular, rapamicina/sirolimus (RPM) como aplicação local e a combinação dos dois (α-CA-RPM) em modelos de enxerto venoso autógeno em ratos para estimular mudança no enxerto venoso. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi observar o efeito de α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM na hiperplasia venosa. Métodos: Cinquenta ratos Sprague Dawley (SD) saudáveis foram randomizados nos 5 grupos seguintes: sham, controle, α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM. O procedimento operacional descrito subsequentemente foi utilizado para construir modelos de enxertos da veia jugular na artéria carótida em ratos, em um lado. O nível de endotelina-1 (ET-1) foi determinado por ensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática (ELISA). As veias enxertadas foram observadas a olho nu 4 semanas após; as veias frescas foram observadas via microscópio e software de processamento de imagem com coloração hematoxilina-eosina (HE) e imuno-histoquímica depois de serem fixadas e armazenadas; α-actina do músculo liso (αSMA) e o fator de von Willebrand (vWF) foram medidos com reação em cadeia da polimerase-transcriptase reversa (RT-PCR). Realizaram-se as comparações com análise de variância de fator único (ANOVA) e o teste de diferença mínima significativa (LSD) de Fisher, com p < 0,05 sendo considerado estatisticamente significante. Resultados: Nós achamos que a espessura intimal nos grupos α-CA, RPM e α-CA-RPM era menor que no grupo controle (p < 0,01) e a espessura no grupo α-CA-RPM era notavelmente menor que nos grupos α-CA e RPM (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A combinação de RPM e α-CA contribui à inibição de hiperplasia em modelos em ratos e é mais efetivo para patência vascular que uso individual de α-CA ou RPM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Tunica Intima/drug effects , Tunica Intima/pathology , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Cyanoacrylates/pharmacology , Hyperplasia/prevention & control , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Carotid Arteries/pathology , Carotid Arteries/transplantation , Random Allocation , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Actins/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Endothelin-1/blood , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/etiology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/pathology , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/prevention & control , Jugular Veins/pathology , Jugular Veins/transplantation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of tranilast on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in an animal model and on the EMT signaling pathway in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs).METHODS: We performed in vitro studies (cytotoxicity, cell morphology, and western blot analyses) on HPMCs from human omenta, along with in vivo studies (peritoneal membrane function and morphometric and immunohistochemical analyses) on Sprague Dawley rats. Thirty-two rats were divided into three groups: control (C) group (peritoneal dialysis [PD] catheter but not infused with dialysate), PD group (4.25% glucose-containing dialysate), and PD + tranilast group (4.25% glucose-containing dialysate along with tranilast).RESULTS: In in vitro experiments, transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) increased α-smooth muscle actin and Snail expression and reduced E-cadherin expression in HPMCs. TGF-β1 also reduced cell contact, induced a fibroblastoid morphology, and increased phosphorylation of Akt, Smad2, and Smad3 in HPMCs. Tranilast significantly inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT and attenuated these morphological changes in HPMCs. In in vivo studies, after 6 weeks of experimental PD, the peritoneal membrane was significantly thicker in the PD group than in the C group. Tranilast protected against PD-induced glucose mass transfer change and histopathological changes in rats.CONCLUSION: Tranilast prevented EMT both in HPMCs triggered with TGF-β1 and in rats with PD-induced peritoneal fibrosis. Thus, tranilast may be considered a therapeutic intervention that enables long-term PD by regulating TGF-β1 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Actins , Animals , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Catheters , Dialysis , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibrosis , Glucose , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Membranes , Models, Animal , Peritoneal Dialysis , Peritoneal Fibrosis , Peritoneum , Phosphorylation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Snails
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an irreversible progressive disease that destroys exocrine parenchyma, which are replaced by fibrous tissue. As pancreatic fibrosis is a key feature of CP, reducing fibrotic protein content in the pancreas is crucial for preventing CP. Studies suggest that NF-κB facilitates the expression of fibrotic mediators in pancreas and protein kinase C-δ (PKC-δ) regulates NF-κB activation in stimulated pancreatic acinar cells. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid having anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects. It has been shown to inhibit NF-κB activity in cerulein-stimulated pancreatic acinar cells which is a cellular model of CP. In the present study, we investigated if DHA inhibits expression of fibrotic mediators by reducing PKC-δ and NF-κB expression in mouse pancreatic tissues with CP.METHODS: For six weeks, mice were weekly induced for acute pancreatitis to develop CP. Furthermore, acute pancreatitis was induced by hourly intraperitoneal injections of cerulein (50 μg/kg × 7). Mice were administered DHA (10 μM) via drinking water before and after CP induction.RESULTS: Cerulein-induced pancreatic damages like decreased pancreatic weight/total body weight, leukocyte infiltration, necrosis of acinar cells, and vacuolization were found to be inhibited by DHA. Additionally, DHA inhibited cerulein-induced fibrotic mediators like alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin in pancreas. DHA reduced expression of PKC-δ and NF-κB p65 in pancreatic tissues of cerulein-treated mice.CONCLUSIONS: DHA may be beneficial in preventing CP by suppressing pancreatic expression of fibrotic mediators.


Subject(s)
Acinar Cells , Actins , Animals , Body Weight , Ceruletide , Drinking Water , Fibronectins , Fibrosis , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Leukocytes , Mice , Necrosis , Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Protein Kinases
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772265

ABSTRACT

The biophysical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) dictate tissue-specific cell behaviour. In the skeleton system, bone shows the potential to adapt its architecture and contexture to environmental rigidity via the bone remodelling process, which involves chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes and even peripheral bone marrow-derived stem/stromal cells (BMSCs). In the current study, we generated stiff (~1 014 ± 56) kPa, Young's modulus) and soft (~46 ± 11) kPa silicon-based elastomer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates by mixing curing agent into oligomeric base at 1:5 and 1:45 ratios, respectively, and investigated the influence of substrate stiffness on the cell behaviours by characterizing cell spreading area, cell cytoskeleton and cell adhesion capacity. The results showed that the cell spreading areas of chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes and BMSCs were all reduced in the soft substrate relative to those in the stiff substrate. F-actin staining confirmed that the cytoskeleton was also changed in the soft group compared to that in the stiff group. Vinculin in focal adhesion plaques was significantly decreased in response to soft substrate compared to stiff substrate. This study establishes the potential correlation between microenvironmental mechanics and the skeletal system, and the results regarding changes in cell spreading area, cytoskeleton and cell adhesion further indicate the important role of biomechanics in the cell-matrix interaction.


Subject(s)
Actins , Cell Adhesion , Elastic Modulus , Focal Adhesions , Physiology , Humans , Vinculin , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1520-1528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771777

ABSTRACT

Actin filaments play an important role in fungal life processes such as growth, development and cytokinesis. The expression vector pSULPH-Lifeact-mCherry of fluorescent mCherry-labeled actin was transferred into Verticillium dahliae Kleb. wild type V592 by the genetic transformation system mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens to obtain the stable fluorescent labeled actin strain V592/Lifeact-mCherry. Then we detected its biological phenotype and the dynamic changes of actin fluorescence during the process of spore germination, mycelial growth and development. There was no significant difference in the colony morphology, colonial growth rate, sporulation and germination rate between the fluorescent labeled actin strain and the wild type. The actin fluorescence signal was observed at the tip of the conidia and hyphae and the septum clearly. Actin participated in the formation of the contractile actomyosin ring (CAR) during cytokinesis by observing the dynamic behavior of the actin in the process of hyphal septum formation. The fluorescent labeled actin strain can be used to study the dynamics of actin in fungal development to provide theoretical and practical support for further study of the mechanism of actin in fungal development and pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Agrobacterium tumefaciens , Plant Diseases , Spores, Fungal , Verticillium
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774511

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of aconitine(AC) on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced H9 c2 cell hypertrophy and explore its mechanism of action. The model of hypertrophy was induced by Ang Ⅱ(1×10-6 mol·L-1),and cardiomyocytes were incubated with different concentrations of AC. Western blot was used to quantify the protein expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP),brain natriuretic peptide(BNP),β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC),and α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA). Real-time quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the mRNA expression levels of cardiac hypertrophic markers ANP,BNP and β-MHC. In addition,the fluorescence intensity of the F-actin marker,an important component of myofibrils,was detected by using laser confocal microscope. AC could significantly reverse the increase of total protein content in H9 c2 cells induced by Ang Ⅱ; qRT-PCR results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC mRNA up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. Western blot results showed that AC could significantly inhibit the ANP,BNP and β-MHC protein up-regulation induced by AngⅡ. In addition,F-actin expression induced by Ang Ⅱ could be inhibited by AC,and multiple indicators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by Ang Ⅱ could be down-regulated,indicating that AC may inhibit cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the expression of hypertrophic factors,providing new clues for exploring the cardiovascular protection of AC.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Pharmacology , Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin II , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiac Myosins , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Hypertrophy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773997

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA)in advanced colorectal cancer tissue and its association with chemotherapy response and prognosis.Methods The expression of α-SMA was detected by immunohistochemistry in tissues from 52 advanced colorectal cancer patients who received oxaliplatin plus 5-fluorouracil regimen as first-line chemotherapy. Its relationship with clinical characteristics,chemotherapy response,and survival were analyzed.Results Of these 52 patients,29(55.8%)were α-SMA overexpression,and the expression of α-SMA protein was not significantly associated with the age(χ =0.113,P=0.730),gender(χ =0.515,P=0.332),tumor location(χ =3.675,P=0.159),and tissue differentiation(χ =1.852,P=0.604). The chemotherapy resistance rate was 65.5%(19/29)in patients with high α-SMA expression,which was significantly higher than that (13.0%,3/23)in patients with low α-SMA expression(χ =14.470,P=0.000). Patients with high α-SMA expression exhibited a significantly shorter progression-free survival(PFS)compared with those with low α-SMA expression [(6.4±1.0)months vs.(16.0±3.5)months; χ=5.985,P=0.018]. Conclusion High α-SMA expression is associated with resistance to first-line chemotherapy and poor prognosis in advanced colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Actins , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Colorectal Neoplasms , Fluorouracil , Humans , Muscle, Smooth , Organoplatinum Compounds , Prognosis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Quyu Chencuo Formula (, QCF) on renal fibrosis in rats with obstructive nephropathy.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into three groups, 4 for sham operation as the control group, 10 for unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model group, and the rest 10 for QCF treating UUO model group. All rats were sacrificed under 3% pentobarbital (50 mg/kg) anesthesia on the 14th day after surgery, then the right kidney samples of rats were harvested for hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining to observe the renal pathological changes. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to examine the expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed to examine the expressions of TGF-β1, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and E-cadherin mRNA.@*RESULTS@#HE and Masson staining showed that the renal interstitial of the rats in the control group had no significant fibrotic lesion; in the model group, there were obvious interstitial fibrosis; for the QCF group, there were epithelial cell necrosis, infiltration of lymphocytes and mononuclear cells, aggravated interstitial fibrosis in varied degrees, but the pathological changes were less in the QCF group than in the model group. The immunohistochemistry and Western blotting results showed that the TGF-β1 expression was increased significantly in the model group, while decreased significantly in the QCF group (P<0.05); RT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression of α-SMA and TGF-β1 increased significantly in the model group, while both were significantly decreased in the QCF group compared with the model group (P<0.05). The mRNA expression of E-cadherin was decreased significantly in the model group, and it was significantly increased in the QCF group as compared with the model group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#QCF may improve renal fibrosis by regulating the expressions of TGF-β1, α-SMA and E-cadherin, and prevent the progress of kidney fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Genetics , Animals , Cadherins , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fibrosis , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Genetics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Silicosis, caused by inhalation of silica dust, is the most serious occupational disease in China and the aim of present study was to explore the protective effect of Ang (1-7) on silicotic fibrosis and myofibroblast differentiation induced by Ang II.@*METHODS@#HOPE-MED 8050 exposure control apparatus was used to establish the rat silicosis model. Pathological changes and collagen deposition of the lung tissue were examined by H.E. and VG staining, respectively. The localizations of ACE2 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in the lung were detected by immunohistochemistry. Expression levels of collagen type I, α-SMA, ACE2, and Mas in the lung tissue and fibroblasts were examined by western blot. Levels of ACE2, Ang (1-7), and Ang II in serum were determined by ELISA. Co-localization of ACE2 and α-SMA in fibroblasts was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Ang (1-7) induced pathological changes and enhanced collagen deposition in vivo. Ang (1-7) decreased the expressions of collagen type I and α-SMA and increased the expressions of ACE2 and Mas in the silicotic rat lung tissue and fibroblasts stimulated by Ang II. Ang (1-7) increased the levels of ACE2 and Ang (1-7) and decreased the level of Ang II in silicotic rat serum. A779 enhanced the protective effect of Ang (1-7) in fibroblasts stimulated by Ang II.@*CONCLUSION@#Ang (1-7) exerted protective effect on silicotic fibrosis and myofibroblast differentiation induced by Ang II by regulating ACE2-Ang (1-7)-Mas axis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin I , Blood , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Angiotensin II , Blood , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Myofibroblasts , Peptide Fragments , Blood , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Silicosis , Metabolism , Pathology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775989

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of microRNA-133b(miR-133b)on cardiac fibrosis and its mechanism.Methods Human cardiac fibroblasts(CFs)were harvested.The proliferation of CFs was detected by CCK8 during the overexpression and knock-down of miR-133b.The expressions of connective tissue growth factor(CTGF),α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA),collagen Ⅰ,and collagen Ⅲ were detected with qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis after miR-133b overexpression or downexpression.Target genes of miR-133b were predicted by bioinformatics software.Dual-luciferase activity assay were used to verify a target gene of miR-133b.Results qRT-PCR showed that the expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b mimic group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group(=26.219,=0.000).The expression level of miR-133b in the miR-133b inhibitor group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group(=6.738,=0.003).After 21,45,69,93,and 117 hours of transfection,the proliferation ability of CFs significantly decreased in the miR-133b mimic group but significantly increased in the miR-133b group(all <0.05,compared with the negative control group).After overexpression of miR-133b,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(=9.213,=0.001;=8.195,=0.001),α-SMA(=6.511, =0.003;=4.434,=0.011),collagenⅠ(=3.172,=0.034;=4.053,=0.015)and collagen Ⅲ(=6.404,=0.003;=5.319,=0.006)were significantly down-regulated.After the expression of miR-133b was knocked down,the mRNA and protein levels of CTGF(=9.439,=0.001;=14.100,=0.000),α-SMA(=4.519,=0.011;=4.377,=0.012),collagen Ⅰ(=5.966,=0.004;=5.514,=0.005)and collagen Ⅲ(=4.622,=0.010;=4.996,=0.008)were significantly increased.The relative luciferase activity of the cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and WT 3'UTR expression vector was significantly lower than that of the cells co-transfected with mimic control and WT 3'UTR expression vectors(=5.654,=0.005);however,there was no significant difference in relative luciferase activity between cells co-transfected with miR-133b mimic and MUT 3'UTR expression vectors and cells co-transfected with mimic control and MUT 3'UTR expression vectors(=0.380,=0.724).Conclusion miR-133b may affect the activation and proliferation of CFs by targeting CTGF and thus improve cardiac fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Metabolism , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Fibrosis , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Myocardium , Pathology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Efficacy and safety of tiotropium bromide, a muscarinic receptor antagonist, in treatment of asthma have been reported. However, its effect on airway remodeling in chronic asthma of the elderly has not been clearly verified. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of tiotropium and expression of muscarinic receptors as its related mechanism in an aged mouse model of chronic asthma with airway remodeling. METHODS: BALB/c female mice age 6 weeks, 9 and 15 months were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) for three months. Tiotropium bromide was administered during the challenge period. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and pulmonary inflammation were measured. Parameters of airway remodeling, and expression levels of M2 and M3 receptors were examined. RESULTS: Total cell with eosinophils, increased in the OVA groups by age, was decreased significantly after treatment with tiotropium bromide, particularly in the age group of 15 months. AHR and levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were decreased, after tiotropium administration. In old aged group of 9- and 15-months-treated groups, hydroxyproline contents and levels of α-smooth muscle actin were attenuated. Tiotropium enhanced the expression of M2 but decreased expression of M3 in all aged groups of OVA. CONCLUSION: Tiotropium bromide had anti-inflammatory and anti-remodeling effects in an aged mouse model of chronic asthma. Its effects seemed to be partly mediated by modulating expression M3 and M2 muscarinic receptors. Tiotropium may be a beneficial treatment option for the elderly with airway remodeling of chronic asthma.


Subject(s)
Actins , Aged , Airway Remodeling , Animals , Asthma , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Hydroxyproline , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-5 , Interleukins , Mice , Ovalbumin , Ovum , Pneumonia , Receptors, Muscarinic , Tiotropium Bromide
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719526

ABSTRACT

Proliferative myositis is a rare, benign, probably pseudosarcomatous fibroblastic proliferation that typically presents as a rapidly growing soft tissue mass. Its relative rarity, fast growth rate, and unique histopathologic findings may lead to misdiagnosis as a malignant lesion and unnecessary radical surgical excision. A 57-year-old female presented with a non-tender, well-defined, indurated, solitary, hard papule on the median sulcus of the tongue for 2 weeks. Histologic examination revealed numerous fibroblastic or myofibroblastic spindle cells and large ganglion-like cells infiltrating between and around the muscle fascicles. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for vimentin, smooth muscle actin, and CD68 and negativity for S-100. Based on these characteristic clinical findings and histopathologic features, the patient was diagnosed with proliferative myositis. Here, we report a rare case of proliferative myositis on the tongue and recommend considering proliferative myositis in the differential diagnosis when a physician encounters a rapidly grown soft tissue mass.


Subject(s)
Actins , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Fibroblasts , Humans , Middle Aged , Muscle, Smooth , Myofibroblasts , Myositis , Tongue , Vimentin
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